Additive manufacturing - General principles - Part 2: Overview of process categories and feedstock (ISO 17296-2:2015)

ISO 17296-2:2015 describes the process fundamentals of Additive Manufacturing (AM). It also gives an overview of existing process categories, which are not and cannot be exhaustive due to the development of new technologies. ISO 17296-2:2015 explains how different process categories make use of different types of materials to shape a product's geometry. It also describes which type of material is used in different process categories. Specification of feedstock material and requirements for the parts produced by combinations of different processes and feedstock material will be given in subsequent separate standards and are therefore not covered by ISO 17296-2:2015. ISO 17296-2:2015 describes the overreaching principles of these subsequent standards.

Additive Fertigung - Grundlagen - Teil 2: Überblick über Prozesskategorien und Ausgangswerkstoffe (ISO 17296-2:2015)

Dieser Teil der ISO 17296 beschreibt die Prozessgrundsätze der additiven Fertigungsverfahren (en: Additive Manufacturing, AM). Er enthält auch eine Übersicht der bestehenden Prozess¬kategorien, welche aufgrund der Entwicklung neuer Technologien nicht allumfassender Natur ist und dies auch nicht sein kann. Dieser Teil der ISO 17296 erklärt, wie verschiedene Prozesskategorien ver¬schiedene Arten von Werkstoffen verwenden, um eine Produktgeometrie zu formen. Er erklärt auch, welche Arten von Werk-stoffen in den verschiedenen Prozesskategorien verwendet werden. Spezifi¬kationen für Aus¬gangs-werkstoffe und Anforderungen an Bauteile, die aus Kombinationen mehrerer ver¬schiedener Prozesse und Ausgangswerkstoffe gefertigt werden, werden in weiteren separaten Normen ge¬liefert und werden daher nicht durch diesen Teil der ISO 17296 abgedeckt. Dieser Teil der ISO 17296 beschreibt die gesamt-heitlichen Grundsätze dieser weiteren Normen.

Fabrication additive - Principes généraux - Partie 2: Vue d'ensemble des catégories de procédés et des matières premières (ISO 17296-2:2015)

L'ISO 17296-2:2015 décrit les éléments fondamentaux régissant la fabrication additive. Elle donne également une vue d'ensemble des catégories de procédés existantes, lesquelles ne sont pas et ne peuvent pas être exhaustives compte tenu du développement de nouvelles technologies. L'ISO 17296-2:2015 explique comment différentes catégories de procédés peuvent être utilisées avec différentes matières premières pour réaliser la forme d'un produit. Les spécifications des matières premières et les prescriptions pour les pièces produites par combinaisons de différents procédés et matières premières seront indiquées dans des normes séparées à venir et ne sont donc pas couvertes par l'ISO 17296-2:2015. L'ISO 17296-2:2015 décrit les principes lointains de ces futures normes.

Aditivna proizvodnja - Splošna načela - 2. del: Pregled kategorij postopkov in surovin (ISO 17296-2:2015)

ISO 17296-2:2015 opisuje temeljna načela procesov aditivne proizvodnje (AM). Podaja tudi pregled obstoječih procesnih kategorij, ki ni izčrpen in se ne obravnavati kot takšen zaradi razvoja novih tehnologij. ISO 17296-2:2015 pojasnjuje, kako se pri različnih procesnih kategorijah uporabljajo različne vrste materialov za oblikovanje geometrije proizvoda. Poleg tega opisuje, katere vrste materialov se uporabljajo pri različnih procesnih kategorijah. Specifikacija materialov vhodnih surovin in zahteve za dele, proizvedene na podlagi kombinacije različnih procesov in materialov vhodnih surovin bodo podane v naslednjih ločenih standardih in zato niso zajete v standardu ISO 17296-2:2015. ISO 17296-2:2015 opisuje presežna načela teh naslednjih standardov.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
19-Jun-2016
Publication Date
11-Oct-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Oct-2016
Due Date
10-Dec-2016
Completion Date
12-Oct-2016

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Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
01-november-2016
Aditivna proizvodnja - Splošna načela - 2. del: Pregled kategorij postopkov in
surovin (ISO 17296-2:2015)

Additive manufacturing - General principles - Part 2: Overview of process categories and

feedstock (ISO 17296-2:2015)
Additive Fertigung - Grundlagen - Teil 2: Überblick über Prozesskategorien und
Ausgangswerkstoffe (ISO 17296-2:2015)

Fabrication additive - Principes généraux - Partie 2: Vue d'ensemble des catégories de

procédés et des matières premières (ISO 17296-2:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ICS:
25.030 3D-tiskanje Additive manufacturing
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
EN ISO 17296-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.040.20
English Version
Additive manufacturing - General principles - Part 2:
Overview of process categories and feedstock (ISO 17296-
2:2015)

Fabrication additive - Principes généraux - Partie 2: Additive Fertigung - Grundlagen - Teil 2: Überblick

Vue d'ensemble des catégories de procédés et des über Prozesskategorien und Rohmaterialien (ISO

matières premières (ISO 17296-2:2015) 17296-2:2015)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 August 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 17296-2:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
EN ISO 17296-2:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
EN ISO 17296-2:2016 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 17296-2:2015 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 261 “Additive

manufacturing” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as

EN ISO 17296-2:2016 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 438 “Additive Manufacturing” the secretariat of

which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2017, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17296-2:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 17296-2:2016 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17296-2
First edition
2015-01-15
Additive manufacturing — General
principles —
Part 2:
Overview of process categories and
feedstock
Fabrication additive — Principes généraux —
Partie 2: Vue d’ensemble des catégories de procédés et des matières
premières
Reference number
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Part types and their classification ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Classification of parts ........................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Process chains ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Process categories .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.2 Existing process categories .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2.1 Vat photopolymerization .......................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2.2 Material jetting .................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6.2.3 Binder jetting ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2.4 Powder bed fusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.5 Material extrusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.6 Directed energy deposition .................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.7 Sheet lamination .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 261, Additive manufacturing.

ISO 17296 consists of the following parts, under the general title Additive manufacturing — General principles:

— Part 1: Terminology
— Part 2: Overview of process categories, part types and feedstock
— Part 3: Main characteristics and corresponding test methods
— Part 4: Overview of data processing
1) To be published.
iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Introduction

Additive manufacturing is a versatile technology that can be used throughout the product development

process. The additive manufacturing processes can be used to manufacture prototypes, tool and fully

functional end-use parts. In addition to engineering, the application areas of this interdisciplinary

technology now include fields ranging from e.g. architecture and medicine, to archaeology and

cartography, as well as arts, toys, education, entertainment.

During its somewhat turbulent development, different terms and definitions have emerged which are

frequently ambiguous and confusing. Moreover, there are various different processes available on the

market and it is not always clear what opportunities and limitations they offer in terms of application.

This part of ISO 17296 aims to offer a description of the
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
01-november-2016
$GLWLYQDSURL]YRGQMD2VQRYQDQDþHODGHO3UHJOHGSURFHVQLKNDWHJRULMLQ
YKRGQLKVXURYLQ ,62

Additive manufacturing - General principles - Part 2: Overview of process categories and

feedstock (ISO 17296-2:2015)
Additive Fertigung - Grundlagen - Teil 2: Überblick über Prozesskategorien und
Rohmaterialien (ISO 17296-2:2015)

Fabrication additive - Principes généraux - Partie 2: Vue d'ensemble des catégories de

procédés et des matières premières (ISO 17296-2:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ICS:
25.030 3D-tiskanje Additive manufacturing
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
EN ISO 17296-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.040.20
English Version
Additive manufacturing - General principles - Part 2:
Overview of process categories and feedstock (ISO 17296-
2:2015)

Fabrication additive - Principes généraux - Partie 2: Additive Fertigung - Grundlagen - Teil 2: Überblick

Vue d'ensemble des catégories de procédés et des über Prozesskategorien und Rohmaterialien (ISO

matières premières (ISO 17296-2:2015) 17296-2:2015)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 August 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 17296-2:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
EN ISO 17296-2:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
EN ISO 17296-2:2016 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 17296-2:2015 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 261 “Additive

manufacturing” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as

EN ISO 17296-2:2016 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 438 “Additive Manufacturing” the secretariat of

which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2017, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17296-2:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 17296-2:2016 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17296-2
First edition
2015-01-15
Additive manufacturing — General
principles —
Part 2:
Overview of process categories and
feedstock
Fabrication additive — Principes généraux —
Partie 2: Vue d’ensemble des catégories de procédés et des matières
premières
Reference number
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Part types and their classification ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Classification of parts ........................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Process chains ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Process categories .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.2 Existing process categories .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2.1 Vat photopolymerization .......................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2.2 Material jetting .................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6.2.3 Binder jetting ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2.4 Powder bed fusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.5 Material extrusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.6 Directed energy deposition .................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.7 Sheet lamination .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 261, Additive manufacturing.

ISO 17296 consists of the following parts, under the general title Additive manufacturing — General principles:

— Part 1: Terminology
— Part 2: Overview of process categories, part types and feedstock
— Part 3: Main characteristics and corresponding test methods
— Part 4: Overview of data processing
1) To be published.
iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Introduction

Additive manufacturing is a versatile technology that can be used throughout the product development

process. The additive manufacturing processes can be used to manufacture prototypes, tool and fully

functional end-use parts. In addition to engineering, the application areas of this interdisciplinary

technology now include fields ranging from e.g. architecture and medicine, to archaeology and

cartography, as well as arts, toys, education, entertainment.

During its somewhat turbulent development, different terms and definitions have emerged which are

frequently ambiguous and confusing. Moreover, there are various different processes available on the

market and it is not always clear what opportunities and limitations they offer in terms of application.

This part of ISO 17296 aims to offer a description of th
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
01-junij-2016
$GLWLYQDSURL]YRGQMD2VQRYQDQDþHODGHO3UHJOHGSURFHVQLKNDWHJRULMLQ
YKRGQLKVXURYLQ ,62

Additive manufacturing - General principles - Part 2: Overview of process categories and

feedstock (ISO 17296-2:2015)
Additive Fertigung - Grundlagen - Teil 2: Überblick über Prozesskategorien und
Rohmaterialien (ISO 17296-2:2015)

Fabrication additive - Principes généraux - Partie 2: Vue d'ensemble des catégories de

procédés et des matières premières (ISO 17296-2:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprEN ISO 17296-2
ICS:
25.030 3D-tiskanje Additive manufacturing
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17296-2
First edition
2015-01-15
Additive manufacturing — General
principles —
Part 2:
Overview of process categories and
feedstock
Fabrication additive — Principes généraux —
Partie 2: Vue d’ensemble des catégories de procédés et des matières
premières
Reference number
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Part types and their classification ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Classification of parts ........................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Process chains ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Process categories .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.2 Existing process categories .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2.1 Vat photopolymerization .......................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2.2 Material jetting .................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6.2.3 Binder jetting ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2.4 Powder bed fusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.5 Material extrusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.6 Directed energy deposition .................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.7 Sheet lamination .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

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The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 261, Additive manufacturing.

ISO 17296 consists of the following parts, under the general title Additive manufacturing — General principles:

— Part 1: Terminology
— Part 2: Overview of process categories, part types and feedstock
— Part 3: Main characteristics and corresponding test methods
— Part 4: Overview of data processing
1) To be published.
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kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Introduction

Additive manufacturing is a versatile technology that can be used throughout the product development

process. The additive manufacturing processes can be used to manufacture prototypes, tool and fully

functional end-use parts. In addition to engineering, the application areas of this interdisciplinary

technology now include fields ranging from e.g. architecture and medicine, to archaeology and

cartography, as well as arts, toys, education, entertainment.

During its somewhat turbulent development, different terms and definitions have emerged which are

frequently ambiguous and confusing. Moreover, there are various different processes available on the

market and it is not always clear what opportunities and limitations they offer in terms of application.

This part of ISO 17296 aims to offer a description of the general working principles for the different

process categories and the processing of feedstock material into the desired product geometry. This will

enhance the understanding of the process and improve the communication between the customer and

suppliers of products and services.

The principles and process categories described in this part of ISO 17296 refer to commercially available

technology that has proven practically useful and viable on the market for several years.

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kSIST FprEN ISO 17296-2:2016
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17296-2:2015(E)
Additive manufacturing — General principles —
Part 2:
Overview of process categories and feedstock
1 Scope

This part of ISO 17296 describes the process fundamentals of Additive Manufacturing (AM). It also

gives an overview of existing process categories, which are not and cannot be exhaustive due to the

development of new technologies. This part of ISO 17296 explains how different process categories

make use of different types of materials to shape a product’s geometry. It also describes which type of

material is used in different process categories. Specification of feedstock material and requirements

for the parts produced by combinations of different processes and feedstock material will be given in

subsequent separate standards and are therefore not covered by this part of ISO 17296. This part of

ISO 17296 describes the overreaching principles of these subsequent standards.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 17296-1, Additive manufacturing — General principle
...

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