Railway applications - Re-railing and recovery requirements for railway vehicles

This draft European Standard is applicable to all railway vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives taking into consideration the recommendations given in Annex F on the application of the standard (migration rule).
Rolling stock of the following types are excluded from the scope of this draft European Standard:
-   metros, tramways, and other light rail vehicles;
-   vehicles for the operation of local, urban or suburban passenger services on networks that are functionally separate from the rest of the railway system;
-   vehicles exclusively used on privately owned railway infrastructure that exist solely for use by the owner for its own freight operations;
-   vehicles reserved for a strictly local, historical or touristic use.
On track machines are in the scope of this draft European Standard only when in transport (running) configuration on their own rail wheels, either self-propelled or hauled.
However, the requirements may be appropriate for other applications that have similar operational conditions. It specifies the principles and processes to be followed to achieve satisfactory arrangements for re-railing or recovery of railway vehicles and to validate the design against the relevant performance and safety requirements.
The interface between the re-railing and recovery equipment and the vehicle structure is considered as the interface between the jack contact faces or the lifting bracket contact areas. The structural requirements for the vehicle structure are set out in EN 12663-1 and EN 12663-2.
NOTE   Railway vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives correspond to the categories L, P-I, P-II, F-I and F-II defined in EN 12663-1.

Bahnanwendungen - Anforderungen für das Aufgleisen und Bergen von Schienenfahrzeugen

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für sämtliche Schienenfahrzeuge, die unter der Interoperabilitätsrichtlinie unter Berücksichtigung der in Anhang F zur Anwendung dieser Norm angegebenen Empfehlungen (Übergangsregelung) betrieben werden.
Folgende Fahrzeugtypen werden für die Anwendung dieser Norm ausgeschlossen:
-   U-Bahnen, Straßenbahnen und andere Stadt- und Regionalfahrzeuge;
-   Fahrzeuge für den Einsatz im lokalen, städtischen und stadtnahen Personenverkehr auf Bahnstrecken, die vom Rest des Eisenbahnnetzes funktional abgetrennt sind;
-   Fahrzeuge, die ausnahmslos auf privaten Eisenbahnnetzen nur für Güterabwicklungen des Eigners eingesetzt werden;
-   Fahrzeuge, die strikt lokalen, historischen oder touristischen Einsatzzwecken vorbehalten sind.
Bau- und Instandhaltungsfahrzeuge zählen nur zum Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm, wenn sie im Fahrbetrieb konfiguriert sind, entweder selbst angetrieben sind oder abgeschleppt werden.
Die Anforderungen können jedoch ebenfalls für andere Anwendungsfälle unter ähnlichen betrieb¬lichen Bedingungen als geeignet angesehen werden. Die Norm bestimmt die zu befolgenden Grundlagen und Verfahren, um geeignete Abläufe für das Aufgleisen und Bergen von Schienenfahrzeugen zu erreichen und die Auslegung anhand der einschlägigen Leistungs- und Sicherheitsanforderungen zu bewerten.
Als Schnittstelle zwischen Aufgleis- und Bergungsgeräten und der Fahrzeugstruktur wird die Schnittstelle zwischen den Kontaktflächen des Hebers oder der Kontaktflächen der Hebekonsole betrachtet. Die Festigkeitsanforderungen an die Fahrzeugstruktur sind in EN 12663-1 und EN 12663-2 festgelegt.
ANMERKUNG   Unter der Interoperabilitätsrichtlinie betriebene Schienenfahrzeuge entsprechen den in EN 12663-1 definierten Kategorien L, P-I, P-II, F-I und F-II.

Applications ferroviaires - Exigences relatives au réenraillement et au rétablissement de véhicules ferroviaires

La présente norme européenne est applicable à l'ensemble des véhicules ferroviaires exploités selon les Directives d'interopérabilité en tenant compte des recommandations figurant à l'annexe F pour l'application de la norme (règle de migration).
Les types suivants de matériel roulant sont exclus du champ d'application de la présente Norme européenne :
-   métros, tramways et autres véhicules ferroviaires légers ;
-   véhicules pour l'exploitation des services de transport sur les réseaux locaux, urbains ou suburbains qui sont fonctionnellement séparés du reste du système ferroviaire ;
-   véhicules utilisés exclusivement sur les infrastructures ferroviaires privées réservées au seul usage de leur propriétaire pour ses propres activités de fret ;
-   véhicules réservés à un usage strictement local, historique ou touristique.
Les engins de travaux sur rails sont dans le champ d’application de la présente Norme européenne lorsqu’ils sont en configuration de transport (circulation) sur leurs propres roues ferroviaires, qu’ils soient automoteurs ou remorqués.
Les exigences stipulées peuvent cependant convenir pour d'autres applications caractérisées par des conditions d'exploitation similaires. La présente norme spécifie les principes et les procédés à appliquer pour parvenir à des dispositions satisfaisantes pour le réenraillement ou le rétablissement de véhicules ferroviaires et pour valider la conception par rapport aux exigences en matière de performance et de sécurité.
L'interface entre les équipements de réenraillement et de rétablissement et la structure du véhicule est considérée comme étant l'interface entre les plans de contact des vérins ou les surfaces de contact des appuis de levage amovibles. Les exigences relatives à la structure des véhicules sont énoncées dans les normes EN 12663-1 et EN 12663-2.
NOTE   Les véhicules ferroviaires exploités selon les Directives d'interopérabilité correspondent aux catégories L, P-I, P-II, FI et F-II définies dans la norme EN 12663-1.

Železniške naprave - Zahteve za ponovno utirjenje in obnovitev železniških vozil

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda se uporablja za vsa železniška vozila, ki bodo delovala v skladu z direktivami o interoperabilnosti in bodo upoštevala priporočila o uporabi standarda (pravilo migracije), podana v dodatku F.
Železniška vozila naslednjih tipov so izključena s področja uporabe tega osnutka evropskega standarda:
– metroji, tramvaji in ostala lahka železniška vozila;
– vozila za lokalni, mestni in primestni potniški promet v omrežjih, ki so funkcionalno ločena od ostalega železniškega sistema;
– vozila, ki se uporabljajo izključno v zasebni železniški infrastrukturi in jih za prevoz tovora uporablja izključno lastnik;
– vozila, strogo rezervirana za lokalno, zgodovinsko ali turistično uporabo.
Tirni stroji so vključeni v področje uporabe tega osnutka evropskega standarda samo, če so med prevozom (delovanjem) na svojih lastnih kolesih – na lasten pogon ali vlečeni.
Vendar pa so lahko zahteve primerne za druge uporabe, ki imajo podobne obratovalne pogoje. Ta standard določa načela in postopke, ki se uporabljajo za doseganje zadovoljivih rezultatov pri ponovnem utirjanju ali obnovitvi železniških vozil in za preverjanje, ali je zasnova skladna z zadevnimi zahtevami o delovanju in varnosti.
Vmesnik med opremo za ponovno utirjanje in obnovitev ter strukturo vozila je vmesnik med stičnimi površinami priključkov ali stičnimi površinami dvižnih nosilcev. Konstrukcijske zahteve za strukture vozil so opisane v standardih EN 12663-1 in EN 12663-2.
OPOMBA: Železniška vozila, ki bodo delovala v skladu z direktivami o interoperabilnosti, spadajo v kategorije L, P-I, P-II, F-I in F-II, opredeljene v standardu EN 12663-1.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Nov-2015
Publication Date
03-Mar-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Mar-2016
Due Date
07-May-2016
Completion Date
04-Mar-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Železniške naprave - Zahteve za ponovno utirjenje in obnovitev železniških vozilBahnanwendungen - Anforderungen für das Aufgleisen und Bergen von SchienenfahrzeugenApplications ferroviaires - Exigences relatives au réenraillement et au rétablissement de véhicules ferroviairesRailway applications - Re-railing and recovery requirements for railway vehicles45.060.01Železniška vozila na splošnoRailway rolling stock in generalICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16404:2016SIST EN 16404:2016en,fr,de01-april-2016SIST EN 16404:2016SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 16404:20141DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 16404:2016
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16404
January
t r s x ICS
v wä r x rä r s Supersedes EN
s x v r vã t r s vEnglish Version

Railway applications æ Reærailing and recovery requirements for railway vehicles Applications ferroviaires æ Exigences relatives au réenraillement et au rétablissement de véhicules ferroviaires

Bahnanwendungen æ Anforderungen für das Aufgleisen und Bergen von Schienenfahrzeugen This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t t November
t r s wä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey andUnited Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s x CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x v r vã t r s x ESIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Requirements for the re-railing and recovery of rail vehicles ....................................................... 9 4.1 General requirements for all vehicles ..................................................................................................... 9 4.2 Required lifting operations ......................................................................................................................... 9 4.2.1 Lifting operations for all rail vehicles...................................................................................................... 9 4.2.2 Lifting operations for articulated vehicles and/or fixed formations ........................................ 10 4.2.3 Provision of lifting points .......................................................................................................................... 11 4.2.4 Requirements for marking and documentation ............................................................................... 11 4.3 Vehicle masses for lifting .......................................................................................................................... 11 5 Vehicle interface and functional requirements for lifting, re-railing and support .............. 12 5.1 Lifting, re-railing and support points ................................................................................................... 12 5.1.1 Minimum functional requirements for jacking ................................................................................. 12 5.1.2 General design requirements for lifting point locations ............................................................... 13 5.1.3 Longitudinal location of jacking points ................................................................................................ 13 5.1.4 Jacking equipment clearance zones ...................................................................................................... 14 5.1.5 Lifting requirements when using cranes ............................................................................................. 17 5.1.6 Re-railing position design space envelopes ....................................................................................... 17 5.1.7 Additional clearances required for single end lifting ..................................................................... 18 5.1.8 Support points ............................................................................................................................................... 18 5.1.9 Bogie support points ................................................................................................................................... 18 5.2 Jacking point geometry .............................................................................................................................. 19 5.3 Lifting brackets ............................................................................................................................................. 19 5.4 Securing of running gear to the underframe ...................................................................................... 20 6 Design load cases for re-railing and recovery equipment ............................................................ 20 6.1 General design principles ......................................................................................................................... 20 6.2 Workshop vehicle lifting ........................................................................................................................... 21 6.3 Re-railing and recovery design scenarios ........................................................................................... 21 6.3.1 Design scenario 1 ......................................................................................................................................... 21 6.3.2 Design scenario 2 ......................................................................................................................................... 21 6.3.3 Design scenario 3 ......................................................................................................................................... 22 6.4 Lifting brackets ............................................................................................................................................. 22 6.4.1 Lifting bracket structural design requirements ............................................................................... 22 6.4.2 Lifting bracket strength requirements ................................................................................................ 23 7 Markings for lifting points ........................................................................................................................ 24 8 Documentation for re-railing and recovery ....................................................................................... 24 8.1 General documentation requirements ................................................................................................. 24 8.2 Recovery Risk Assessment ........................................................................................................................ 24 8.3 Lifting instructions ...................................................................................................................................... 25 8.4 Lifting diagram .............................................................................................................................................. 25 SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 3 8.4.1 General lifting diagram requirements .................................................................................................. 25 8.4.2 Side elevation ................................................................................................................................................. 26 8.4.3 End elevation and/or cross-sections ..................................................................................................... 26 8.4.4 Mass data ......................................................................................................................................................... 27 9 Validation ........................................................................................................................................................ 27 Annex A (normative)

Space envelopes for re-railing equipment ............................................................. 28 Annex B (normative)

Standard lifting bracket (100 kN to 220 kN) ......................................................... 31 Annex C (normative)

Standard lifting bracket (for up to 335 kN) ........................................................... 36 Annex D (normative)

Lifting bracket (for up to 170 kN) ............................................................................. 41 Annex E (normative)

Lifting bracket (for up to 340 kN) ............................................................................. 44 Annex F (informative)

Migration rule for this European Standard ......................................................... 48 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC ................................................................................ 49

SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 16404:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2016. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 16404:2014. The main changes from the previous edition are listed below: — clarification of the use of re-railing beams and/or support points; — clarification of jacking equipment clearances; — additional requirements for lifting low floor vehicles; — definition of smaller jack space envelopes for jacks up to 20 t capacity; — requirements for the use of jack adaptors with lifting brackets; — lifting requirements when using cranes; — Annex E: Definition of a non-standard 340 kN lifting bracket as used on GB locomotives. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC. For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 5 Introduction Rail vehicles are designed so that re-railing and recovery operations after a derailment or accident can be safely undertaken without exposing persons to undue risk during lifting and jacking operations. For rolling stock of interoperable trains there is a need to define common requirements in terms of lifting and jacking operations, equipment space envelopes and lifting accessories. Foreseeable factors that can influence a re-railing or recovery operation include: — final vehicle position relative to the track; — weight transfer due to final vehicle orientation (inclination or roll); — vehicle load, possible overloading or uneven loading; — load movement or shifting; — embedding of parts of the vehicle in the ground; — sinking of jacks (soft ground); — structural distortion/damage; — jerking or snatching of lifting equipment. The majority of these factors cannot be quantified either in advance or during a recovery operation and therefore precise requirements cannot be set out in this European Standard and accordingly design scenarios are used. The resulting requirements together with competent persons undertaking the re-railing or recovery operation using the documentation specified are considered to be sufficient to ensure that the overall objectives are satisfied. SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard is applicable to all railway vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives taking into consideration the recommendations given in Annex F on the application of the standard (migration rule). Rolling stock of the following types are excluded from the scope of this draft European Standard: — metros, tramways, and other light rail vehicles; — vehicles for the operation of local, urban or suburban passenger services on networks that are functionally separate from the rest of the railway system; — vehicles exclusively used on privately owned railway infrastructure that exist solely for use by the owner for its own freight operations; — vehicles reserved for a strictly local, historical or touristic use. On-track machines are in the scope of this European Standard only when in transport (running) configuration on their own rail wheels, either self-propelled or hauled. However, the requirements may be appropriate for other applications that have similar operational conditions. It specifies the principles and processes to be followed to achieve satisfactory arrangements for re-railing or recovery of railway vehicles and to validate the design against the relevant performance and safety requirements. The interface between the re-railing and recovery equipment and the vehicle structure is considered as the interface between the jack contact faces or the lifting bracket contact areas. The structural requirements for the vehicle structure are set out in EN 12663-1 and EN 12663-2. NOTE Railway vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives correspond to the categories L, P-I, P-II, F-I and F-II defined in EN 12663–1. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 12663-1, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies — Part 1: Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons) EN 12663-2, Railway applications - Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies - Part 2: Freight wagons EN 13155, Cranes — Safety — Non-fixed load lifting attachments EN 15663, Railway applications - Definition of vehicle reference masses EN 15877-1, Railway applications - Marking on railway vehicles - Part 1: Freight wagons EN 15877-2, Railway applications - Markings of railway vehicles - Part 2: External markings on coaches, motive power units, locomotives and on-track machines EN 22768-1, General tolerances - Part 1: Tolerances for linear and angular dimensions without individual tolerance indications (ISO 2768-1) SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 articulated vehicle with shared running gear system of articulation where each vehicle has its own secondary suspension but shares running gear (often referred to as Jacobs bogies) Note 1 to entry: Typically each car body is supported at 4 points. Trains made up of vehicles of this type are a particular type of fixed formation train. 3.2 articulated vehicles with three point support system of articulation where each vehicle has one bogie complete with its own secondary suspension and at the other end a single point connection to the adjacent vehicle in the train Note 1 to entry: Trains made up of vehicles of this type are a particular type of fixed formation train. 3.3 fixed formation train formation that can only be reconfigured in a workshop environment Note 1 to entry: A fixed formation train can be made up of either articulated or otherwise conventional vehicles. 3.4 lifting action of raising or lowering a vehicle 3.4.1 crane lifting action of raising or lowering a vehicle by pulling upwards from above using appropriate equipment such as cranes 3.4.2 jacking action of raising or lowering a vehicle by pushing upwards from underneath using appropriate equipment such as jacks 3.5 lifting point particular points provided on the car body and/or running gear to position or locate appropriate equipment to raise or lower a vehicle using either cranes or jacks 3.5.1 crane lifting point particular points provided on the car body and/or running gear to position or locate appropriate equipment to raise or lower a vehicle using cranes 3.5.2 jacking point particular points provided on the car body and/or running gear to position or locate appropriate equipment to raise or lower a vehicle using jacks SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 8 3.6 lifting bracket removable item of equipment that provides the functionality of a lifting point when attached to the vehicle using a lifting pocket 3.6.1 crane lifting bracket removable item of equipment that provides the functionality of a crane lifting point when attached to the vehicle using a lifting pocket 3.6.2 jacking bracket removable item of equipment that provides the functionality of a jacking point when attached to the vehicle using a lifting pocket 3.7 lifting and jacking bracket removable item of equipment that provides the functionality of both a jacking and a crane lifting point when attached to the vehicle using a lifting pocket 3.8 lifting pocket recess or other interface on the vehicle structure intended for the attachment of a lifting bracket Note 1 to entry : This item interfaces with a lifting bracket to form a lifting point. 3.9 On-track Machines OTM mobile railway infrastructure construction and maintenance equipment 3.10 re-railing operation consisting of raising and translating a derailed railway vehicle in order to put it back on the rails Note 1 to entry: This operation is carried out at the site of the incident, by means of rescue equipment used by specialist rescue teams. 3.11 re-railing beam beam that can be placed transversally beneath a derailed vehicle that can be used to support and traverse re-railing equipment (jacks) and thereby translate the vehicle as part of a re-railing operation 3.12 re-railing position location or group of locations on the underframe where a re-railing beam, roller carriages and jacks can be located to permit re-railing Note 1 to entry: This is termed ‘re-railing place’ in WAG TSI. SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 9 3.13 recovery process of clearing the railway line of a vehicle that has been immobilized as a result of collision, derailment, accident or other incident 3.14 running gear wheelsets, bogies and associated suspension components Note 1 to entry : For this standard, running gear denotes wheelsets and suspension elements which have significant additional movement relative to the vehicle car body and may therefore require securing. 3.15 single end lift vehicle lifting activity where the lifting equipment is employed at one end of a railway vehicle with the other end remaining supported by a bogie/wheelset in contact with the rails or ground 3.16 support point designated points on a vehicle which are suitable for supporting the vehicle during or after a lifting operation Note 1 to entry: Support points can be either lifting points or other points designated for the purpose. 3.17 vehicle end longitudinal position between the centre of the vehicle and the end of the vehicle 3.18 wheelskate device for rescuing vehicles where a wheelset is not fit to rotate, by lifting the affected wheelset and providing an alternative means of support and guidance in order to facilitate movement to a repair location 4 Requirements for the re-railing and recovery of rail vehicles 4.1 General requirements for all vehicles It shall be possible to safely lift or jack a vehicle for re-railing or recovery purposes (following a derailment or some other accident or incident) using designated lifting points. Requirements for the provision or type of lifting points for maintenance purposes are outside the scope of this European Standard though the same locations can be used for both purposes, subject to the respective design criteria being satisfied. 4.2 Required lifting operations 4.2.1 Lifting operations for all rail vehicles Rail vehicles shall be designed for: — lifting at the end or near the end of a rail vehicle with the other end supported by the vehicle suspension, or in the case of articulated vehicles, depending on the system of articulation used, possibly supported by an adjacent vehicle, — lifting of the complete vehicle. SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 10

Figure 1 — Conventional vehicles: example of single end and full vehicle lifting It shall be possible to lift a rail vehicle for re-railing or recovery purposes with the running gear secured to the car body (see 5.4). For re-railing or recovery, it shall be possible to raise or lower a vehicle end or a complete vehicle using only jacking equipment (and lifting brackets if these are required). NOTE For re-railing and recovery operations, lifting is undertaken by designated personnel who are trained and qualified by knowledge and practical experience to enable the re-railing and recovery operations to be carried out in accordance with the re-railing and recovery instructions for the vehicle (see Clause 8). 4.2.2 Lifting operations for articulated vehicles and/or fixed formations For articulated vehicles and/or fixed formations it shall be possible to simultaneously lift the end or ends of adjacent vehicles in order to achieve the objectives set out above for lifting vehicles (see Figure 2 and Figure 3). Any additional requirements shall be included in the recovery documentation (see Clause 8).

Figure 2 — Articulated vehicles with shared running gear: example of single end and full vehicle lifting For articulated vehicles with three point support it is permissible for lifting loads to be transferred to an adjacent vehicle through the articulation joint, for example as indicated in Figure 3.

Figure 3 — Articulated vehicles with three point support: example of single end and full vehicle lifting SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 11 4.2.3 Provision of lifting points Lifting points for re-railing and recovery shall be provided by: — the provision of dedicated lifting points for re-railing and recovery, and/or — the use of lifting points which are also intended for maintenance purposes, and/or — removable lifting brackets with compatible attachment points or lifting pockets. In all cases conformity with the requirements of this European Standard shall be demonstrated. Permanent built-in lifting points for re-railing and recovery are recommended. In particular, it is recommended that freight wagons are designed to not require the use of lifting brackets for re-railing or recovery. For heavy vehicles, for example locomotives, fully loaded freight vehicles or On-track Machines, the vehicle should be lifted using the running gear supporting the car body instead of lifting the vehicle with the running gear suspended from the car body structure to avoid structural collapse or damage. If permanent built-in lifting points for re-railing or recovery are not provided for some or all vehicle lifting positions, attachment points or lifting pockets shall be provided to allow removable lifting brackets to be fitted in accordance with the requirements of 5.3 and 6.4. 4.2.4 Requirements for marking and documentation Each lifting point shall be marked in accordance with the requirements of Clause 7 to clearly identify the intended function or functions of the lifting point. 4.3 Vehicle masses for lifting The minimum vehicle mass, denoted MV, shall be the design mass in working order as defined by EN 15663, less the mass of any staff. The maximum vehicle mass, denoted MC, to be used to determine the loads used in the design of lifting points, shall be the design mass under normal payload for the vehicle as defined by EN 15663, less the mass of any passengers and staff. NOTE 1 For passenger vehicles, as defined in EN 15663, luggage mass is included. It is assumed that for a recovery operation while the passengers and train crew will have been evacuated, all other items remain on the vehicle. NOTE 2 For freight vehicles, as set out in EN 15663, the maximum vehicle mass is the vehicle mass in working order plus the maximum payload specified for the vehicle. For freight vehicles, staff and/or passenger masses are zero. SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 12 5 Vehicle interface and functional requirements for lifting, re-railing and support 5.1 Lifting, re-railing and support points 5.1.1 Minimum functional requirements for jacking In accordance with the requirements set out in 4.2, at each end of a vehicle it shall be demonstrated that the following sequence of re-railing operations can be undertaken safely: — raise the end of the vehicle; — support the raised vehicle; — install a re-railing beam, roller carriages and traversing equipment; — raise and support the vehicle on the re-railing beam and traverse as required; — lower the vehicle to place back on the rails; — remove all re-railing equipment. These operations may be accomplished using any combination of the available options for re-railing positions and lifting points. There shall be at least one pre-determined re-railing position at each vehicle end where running gear is attached. A re-railing position shall allow the end of a rail vehicle to be safely lifted and traversed (moved laterally) by the use of either: — a single pair of jacking points, a re-railing beam, roller carriages and jacks, or — a combination of vehicle jacking points and support points for use with a re-railing beam and roller carriages (except freight wagons constructed in accordance with Annex C of the Freight Wagons TSI). If a combination of jacking and support points is used, the jacking and support positions are individually subject to the design space envelope requirements set out in this document. It is recommended that in addition the relative location of the jacking and support positions is optimised by consideration of: — the intended use of the re-railing equipment, — access requirements for the re-railing equipment, — the position of the running gear, — the rigidity of the vehicle structure. Requirements for the combined use of re-railing beams and jacking equipment are set out in 5.1.6. Requirements for support points are set out in 5.1.8. SIST EN 16404:2016

EN 16404:2016 (E) 13 5.1.2 General design requirements for lifting point locations There shall be a minimum of four lifting points on the vehicle car body, arranged as two pairs, with at least one pair located at each vehicle end. NOTE Subject to the approach adopted, a greater number of lifting points might be required to ensure the requirements of 5.1.1 are fulfilled. It is recommended that in the vicinity of each set of running gear two pairs of lifting points are provided. Additional lifting points may be provided subject to conformity with the applicable requirements set out in this European Standard. The number, position and heights of additional lifting points shall be part of the vehicle specification. Lifting points provided for a full vehicle lift shall also be suitable for single end lifting. For articulated vehicles at positions where the running gear is shared, lifting points shall be arranged to allow adjacent vehicle ends to be lifted simultaneously. For lifting points at re-railing positions, requirements for maximum and minimum heights above rail are set out in 5.1.6. For lifting points at other positions, the heights of the lifting points shall be part of the vehicle specification. Single central jacking points may be provided positioned outboard of the running gear at the vehicle ends for jacking for a sin

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