Petroleum and natural gas industries - Drilling and well-servicing equipment (ISO 14693:2003)

ISO 14693:2003 provides general principles and specifies requirements for design, manufacture and testing of new drilling and well-servicing equipment and of replacement primary load-carrying components manufactured subsequent to the publication of ISO 14693:2003.
ISO 14693:2003 is applicable to the following equipment:
-- rotary tables;
-- rotary bushings;
-- rotary slips;
-- rotary hoses;
-- piston mud-pump components;
-- drawworks components;
-- spiders not capable of use as elevators;
-- manual tongs;
-- safety clamps not used as hoisting devices;
-- power tongs, including spinning wrenches.
Annex A gives a number of standardized supplementary requirements which apply only when specified.

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Ausrüstungen für Bohr- und Bohrlocharbeiten (ISO 14693:2003)

1.1   Zweck
Diese Internationale Norm enthält allgemeine Grundsätze und legt Anforderungen fest für die Konstruktion, Herstellung und Prüfung von neuen Ausrüstungen für Bohr- und Bohrlocharbeiten sowie den Austausch von primärlasttragenden Bauteilen, die nach der Veröffentlichung dieser Internationalen Norm hergestellt werden.
1.2   Ausrüstung
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für die folgende Ausrüstung:
a)   Drehtische;
b)   Drehtischeinsätze;
c)   Abfangkeile;
d)   Rotary-Bohrschläuche (Spülschläuche);
e)   Spülpumpenteile;
f)   Hebewerkelemente;
g)   Keiltöpfe (Spider), die nicht als Elevatoren eingesetzt werden können;
h)   handbetätigte Zangen;
i)   Sicherheits-Gliederklemmen, die nicht als Hebeeinrichtungen eingesetzt werden;
j)   kraftbetätigte Zangen, einschließlich Einspillzangen
1.3   Zusätzliche Anforderungen
Zusätzliche Anforderungen gelten nur nach Festlegung. Anhang A enthält eine Reihe genormter zusätzlicher Anforderungen.

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Equipement de forage et d'entretien des puits (ISO 14693:2003)

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Drilling and well-servicing equipment (ISO 14693:2003)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Apr-2004
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-May-2004
Due Date
01-May-2004
Completion Date
01-May-2004

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
01-maj-2004

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Drilling and well-servicing equipment (ISO

14693:2003)

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Drilling and well-servicing equipment (ISO

14693:2003)
Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Ausrüstungen für Bohr- und Bohrlocharbeiten (ISO
14693:2003)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Equipement de forage et d'entretien des puits

(ISO 14693:2003)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14693:2003
ICS:
75.180.10 Oprema za raziskovanje in Exploratory and extraction
odkopavanje equipment
SIST EN ISO 14693:2004 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14693
First edition
2003-12-15
Petroleum and natural gas industries —
Drilling and well-servicing equipment
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Équipement de forage et
d'entretien des puits
Reference number
ISO 14693:2003(E)
ISO 2003
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
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© ISO 2003

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

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ii © ISO 2003 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................. v

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... vi

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms.......................................................................................... 3

3.1 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 3

3.2 Abbreviated terms................................................................................................................................. 5

4 Design .................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.1 Design conditions ................................................................................................................................. 5

4.2 Strength analysis .................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3 Size class designation.......................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Rating ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.5 Load rating basis .................................................................................................................................. 7

4.6 Design safety factor.............................................................................................................................. 7

4.7 Shear strength....................................................................................................................................... 8

4.8 Specific equipment ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.9 Design documentation ......................................................................................................................... 8

5 Design verification ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Design verification function test ......................................................................................................... 9

5.3 Design verification pressure test ........................................................................................................ 9

5.4 Design verification load test .............................................................................................................. 10

5.5 Determination of rated load ............................................................................................................... 11

5.6 Alternative design verification test procedure and rating.............................................................. 11

5.7 Design verification load-testing apparatus ......................................................................................12

5.8 Design changes................................................................................................................................... 12

5.9 Records................................................................................................................................................ 12

6 Materials requirements....................................................................................................................... 12

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 12

6.2 Written specifications......................................................................................................................... 12

6.3 Mechanical properties ........................................................................................................................ 12

6.4 Material qualification .......................................................................................................................... 13

6.5 Manufacture......................................................................................................................................... 13

6.6 Chemical composition........................................................................................................................ 14

7 Welding requirements ........................................................................................................................ 16

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 16

7.2 Welding qualification .......................................................................................................................... 16

7.3 Written documentation....................................................................................................................... 16

7.4 Control of consumables..................................................................................................................... 17

7.5 Weld properties ................................................................................................................................... 17

7.6 Post-weld heat treatment ................................................................................................................... 17

7.7 Quality control requirements............................................................................................................. 17

7.8 Specific requirements — Fabrication welds .................................................................................... 17

7.9 Specific requirements — Repair welds............................................................................................. 17

8 Quality control..................................................................................................................................... 18

8.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 18

8.2 Quality control personnel qualifications .......................................................................................... 18

8.3 Measuring and test equipment .......................................................................................................... 18

© ISO 2003 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)

8.4 Quality control for specific equipment and components................................................................19

8.5 Dimensional verification.....................................................................................................................23

8.6 Proof load testing................................................................................................................................23

8.7 Hydrostatic testing..............................................................................................................................24

8.8 Functional testing................................................................................................................................24

9 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................24

9.1 General .................................................................................................................................................24

9.2 Rotary tables........................................................................................................................................25

9.3 Rotary bushings ..................................................................................................................................26

9.4 Rotary slips ..........................................................................................................................................27

9.5 Spiders not capable of use as elevators...........................................................................................27

9.6 Safety clamps not used as a hoisting device...................................................................................33

9.7 Manual tongs .......................................................................................................................................33

9.8 Power tongs.........................................................................................................................................34

9.9 Drawworks components.....................................................................................................................35

9.10 Rotary hose..........................................................................................................................................36

9.11 Piston mud-pump components .........................................................................................................37

9.12 Antifriction bearings ...........................................................................................................................62

10 Marking.................................................................................................................................................62

10.1 Product marking..................................................................................................................................62

10.2 Marking method...................................................................................................................................62

11 Documentation ....................................................................................................................................63

11.1 Record retention..................................................................................................................................63

11.2 Documentation to be kept by the manufacturer ..............................................................................63

11.3 Documentation to be delivered with the equipment........................................................................63

Annex A (normative) Supplementary requirements......................................................................................65

A.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................................65

A.2 SR1 — Proof load testing ...................................................................................................................65

A.3 SR2 — Low-temperature testing........................................................................................................65

A.4 SR2A — Additional low-temperature testing....................................................................................65

A.5 SR3 — Data book.................................................................................................................................66

A.6 SR4 — Additional volumetric examination of castings...................................................................66

A.7 SR5 — Volumetric examination of wrought material.......................................................................66

Annex B (informative) Guidance for qualification of heat-treatment equipment .......................................67

B.1 Temperature tolerance........................................................................................................................67

B.2 Furnace calibration .............................................................................................................................67

B.3 Instruments ..........................................................................................................................................68

Annex C (informative) Drilling machinery component dimensions expressed in US customary

units ......................................................................................................................................................69

Annex D (informative) Recommended piston mud-pump nomenclature and maintenance .....................75

D.1 Piston mud-pump nomenclature .......................................................................................................75

D.2 Old designs ..........................................................................................................................................75

D.3 Types ....................................................................................................................................................75

D.4 Designation ..........................................................................................................................................75

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................81

iv © ISO 2003 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 14693 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore structures

for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 4, Drilling and production

equipment.
© ISO 2003 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
Introduction

International Standard ISO 14693 is based upon API Specification 7K (3rd edition).

Users of this International Standard should be aware that further or differing requirements may be needed for

individual applications. This International Standard is not intended to inhibit a vendor from offering, or the

purchaser from accepting, alternative equipment or engineering solutions for the individual application. This

may be particularly applicable where there is innovative or developing technology. Where an alternative is

offered, the vendor should identify any variations from this International Standard and provide details.

vi © ISO 2003 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14693:2003(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Drilling and
well-servicing equipment
1 Scope

This International Standard provides general principles and specifies requirements for design, manufacture

and testing of new drilling and well-servicing equipment and of replacement primary load-carrying components

manufactured subsequent to the publication of this International Standard.
This International Standard is applicable to the following equipment:
a) rotary tables;
b) rotary bushings;
c) rotary slips;
d) rotary hoses;
e) piston mud-pump components;
f) drawworks components;
g) spiders not capable of use as elevators;
h) manual tongs;
i) safety clamps not used as hoisting devices;
j) power tongs, including spinning wrenches.

Annex A gives a number of standardized supplementary requirements which apply only when specified.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 148, Steel — Charpy impact test (V-notch)
ISO 6892, Metallic materials — Tensile testing at ambient temperature

ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials — Verification of static uniaxial testing machines — Part 1:

Tension/compression testing machines — Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system

API Spec 5B, Specification for threading, gaging and thread inspection of casing, tubing, and line pipe threads

© ISO 2003 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
ANSI/AGMA 2004-B89, Gear Materials and Heat Treatment Manual
2) 3)
ANSI /ASME B1.1, Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form)
ANSI/ASME B1.2, Gages and Gaging for Unified Inch Screw Threads
ANSI/AWS D1.1, Structural Welding Code — Steel
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section V, Nondestructive Examination

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII, Alternative Rules for Construction of High Pressure

Vessels

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IX, Welding and Brazing Qualifications

ASNT TC-1A, Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualification and Certification in Nondestructive

Testing

ASTM A 370, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

ASTM A 388, Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Heavy Steel Forgings

ASTM A 751, Standard Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

ASTM A 770, Standard Specification for Through-Thickness Tension Testing of Steel Plates for Special

Applications
ASTM E 4, Standard Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

ASTM E 125, Standard Reference Photographs for Magnetic Particle Indications on Ferrous Castings

ASTM E 165, Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination

ANSI/ASTM E 186, Standard Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (2 to 4 1/2-in. (51 to 114-mm)) Steel

Castings

ANSI/ASTM E 280, Standard Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (4 1/2 to 12-in. (114 to 305-mm))

Steel Castings

ASTM E 428, Standard Practice for Fabrication and Control of Steel Reference Blocks Used in Ultrasonic

Examination

ANSI/ASTM E 446, Standard Reference Radiographs for Steel Castings Up to 2 in. (51 mm) in Thickness

ASTM E 709, Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Examination
AWS QC1, Certification of Welding Inspectors
EN 287 (all parts), Approval testing of welders — Fusion welding

1) American Gear Manufacturers Association, 1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.

2) American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018, USA

3) American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 345 East 47 Street, New York, NY 10017, USA.

4) American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Box 351040, Miami, FL 33135, USA.

5) American Society for Nondestructive Testing, 4153 Arlingate Plaza, Box 28518, Columbus, OH 43228, USA.

6) American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428, USA.

2 © ISO 2003 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)

MSS SP-53, Quality Standard for Steel Castings and Forgings for Valves, Flanges and Fittings and other

Piping Components — Magnetic Particle Examination Method

MSS SP-55, Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges and Fittings and other Piping

Components- Visual Method for Evaluation of Surface Irregularities
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the following terms, definitions and abbreviated terms apply.

3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
critical area
highly stressed regions on a primary load-carrying component
3.1.2
design load

sum of the static and dynamic loads that would induce the maximum allowable stress in the equipment

3.1.3
design safety factor

factor to account for a certain safety margin between the maximum allowable stress and the minimum

specified yield strength of the material
3.1.4
design verification test
test undertaken to validate the integrity of the design calculations used
3.1.5
dynamic load
load applied to the equipment due to acceleration effects
3.1.6
equivalent round

standard for comparing variously shaped sections to round bars, used in determining the response to

hardening characteristics when heat-treating low-alloy and martensitic corrosion-resistant steels

3.1.7
identical design concept

property of a family of units whereby all units of the family have similar geometry in the primary load-carrying

areas
3.1.8
linear indication

indication, revealed by non-destructive examination, having a length at least three times its width

3.1.9
maximum allowable stress
specified minimum yield strength divided by the design safety factor

7) Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry; 127 Park Street NE; Vienna, VA 22180;

USA.
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
3.1.10
primary load

load that arises within the equipment when the equipment is performing its primary design function

3.1.11
primary load-carrying component
component of the equipment through which the primary load is carried
3.1.12
proof load test

production load test undertaken to validate the structural soundness of the equipment

3.1.13
rated load
maximum operating load, both static and dynamic, to be applied to the equipment
NOTE The rated load is numerically equivalent to the design load.
3.1.14
rated speed
rate of rotation, motion or velocity as specified by the manufacturer
3.1.15
repair

removal of defects from, and refurbishment of, a component or assembly by welding during the manufacturing

process

NOTE The term “repair”, as referred to in this International Standard, applies only to the repair of defects in materials

during the manufacture of new equipment.
3.1.16
rounded indication

indication, revealed by nondestructive examination, with a circular or elliptical shape and having a length less

than three times its width
3.1.17
safe working load
design load reduced by the dynamic load
3.1.18
size class
designation of the dimensional interchangeability of equipment specified herein
3.1.19
size range
range of tubular diameters to which an assembly is applicable
3.1.20
special process

operation that may change or affect the mechanical properties, including toughness, of the materials used in

the equipment
3.1.21
test unit
prototype unit upon which a design verification test is conducted
4 © ISO 2003 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
3.2 Abbreviated terms
HAZ heat-affected zone
NDE non-destructive examination
PWHT post-weld heat treatment
TIR total indicated runout
4 Design
4.1 Design conditions

Drilling equipment shall be designed, manufactured and tested such that it is in every respect fit for its

intended purpose. The equipment shall safely transfer the load for which it is intended. The equipment shall

be designed for safe operation.
The following design conditions shall apply:

 the design load and the safe working load are defined as in Clause 3. The operator of the equipment shall

be responsible for the determination of the safe working load for specific operations;

 unless changed by a supplementary requirement (see Annex A, SR2 and SR2A), the design and

minimum operating temperature for rotary tables, rotary slips, power tongs and drawworks is 0 °C (32 °F).

The design and minimum operating temperature for safety clamps, spiders and manual tongs is −20 °C

(−4 °F), unless changed by a supplementary requirement.

CAUTION — Use of equipment covered by this International Standard at rated loads and temperatures

below the design temperatures noted above is not recommended unless appropriate materials with

the required toughness properties at lower design temperatures have been used in the manufacture of

the equipment (see Annex A, SR2 and SR2A).
4.2 Strength analysis
4.2.1 General

The equipment design analysis shall address excessive yielding, fatigue or buckling as possible modes of

failure.

The strength analysis shall be based on the elastic theory. Alternatively, ultimate strength (plastic) analysis

may be used where justified by design documentation.

All forces that may govern the design shall be taken into account. For each cross-section to be considered,

the most unfavorable combination, position, and direction of forces shall be used.

4.2.2 Simplified assumptions

Simplified assumptions regarding stress distribution and stress concentration may be used, provided that

assumptions are made in accordance with generally accepted practice or based on sufficiently comprehensive

experience or tests.
© ISO 2003 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 14693:2004
ISO 14693:2003(E)
4.2.3 Empirical relationships
Empirical relationships may be used in lieu
...

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