This document covers the physical properties, potential contaminants and test procedures for heavy brine fluids manufactured for use in oil and gas well drilling, completion, and workover fluids.
This document supplements API RP 13J, 5th edition (2014), the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document.
This document provides more suitable method descriptions for determining the formate brines pH, carbonate/bicarbonate concentrations and crystallization temperature at ambient pressure compared to the methods provided by API RP 13J, 5th edition (2014).
This document is intended for the use of manufacturers, service companies and end-users of heavy brines.

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This document specifies several methods for the empirical estimation of the consistency of lubricating greases and petrolatum by measuring the penetration of a standardized cone.

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This document specifies a method for evaluating the resistance of a lubricating grease to washout by water from a bearing, when tested at 38 °C or 79 °C under specified laboratory test conditions. This test method estimates the resistance of greases to washout from ball bearings under specified conditions. No formal correlation with field service has been established so far. This document is used for development and specification purposes. NOTE     For the purposes of this document, the term “% (m/m)” is used to represent the mass fraction.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for mineral or synthetic based lubricants, as delivered, and intended for use in flooded rotary air compressors (vane and screw). This document can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743-3. NOTE     For the purposes of this document, the term “% (m/m)” is used to represent the mass fraction of a material.

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This document establishes a classification and specifies the minimum requirements for mineral or synthetic base stock-based greases for the categories CKG and CKL according to ISO 6743-6 intended for the lubrication of enclosed and open gear systems. This document does not cover the extreme cases of use in terms of temperature and extreme charges conditions. For use in exceptional conditions, suppliers and purchasers of lubricants are intended to mutually agree on the testing methods and the acceptability criteria of the products, not covered by this document. NOTE 1  This document can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743-6, ISO 6743-9[1], ISO 12924[3] and ISO 6743-99[2]. NOTE 2  For the purpose of this document, the terms “% (m/m)” and “% (V/V)” are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction of a material.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the rust prevention characteristics of lubricating grease under dynamic wet conditions. This test method is used to assess the ability of a grease to prevent corrosion in rolling bearings operated in presence of water, synthetic sea water or any industrial aqueous pollutant. NOTE     For the purposes of this document, the term “% (m/m)” is used to represent the mass fraction.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the rust prevention characteristics of lubricating grease in the presence of a flow of an aqueous test fluid. This test method is used to assess the ability of a grease to prevent corrosion in rolling bearings operated in presence of water, synthetic sea water or any industrial aqueous pollutant, under wash out conditions. NOTE     For the purposes of this document, the term “% (m/m)” is used to represent the mass fraction.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the boiling range distribution of petroleum products by capillary gas chromatography using flame ionisation detection. The standard is applicable to materials having a vapour pressure low enough to permit sampling at ambient temperature and a boiling range of at least 100 °C. The standard is applicable to distillates with initial boiling points (IBP) above 100 °C and final boiling points (FBP) below 750 °C, for example, middle distillates and lubricating base stocks.
The test method is not applicable for the analysis of petroleum or petroleum products containing low molecular weight components (for example naphthas, reformates, gasolines, diesel). Components containing hetero atoms (for example alcohols, ethers, acids, or esters) or residue are not to be analyzed by this test method.
NOTE   For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms “% (m/m)” and “% (V/V)” are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction.
WARNING — The use of this European Standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This European Standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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This document establishes an extended classification which includes sub-categories of environmentally acceptable lubricants and specifies the minimum requirements for mineral or synthetic based lubricants for the categories CKH, CKJ and CKM, according to ISO 6743-6, and their sub-categories of environmentally acceptable lubricants, intended for the lubrication of open and semi-enclosed gears. This document covers the lubricants applied in the open and semi-enclosed gear systems most currently encountered in the industry. It does not cover the extreme cases of use with regards to temperature and extreme charges conditions. NOTE 1 For use in exceptional conditions, suppliers and purchasers of lubricants can mutually agree on additional testing methods and acceptability criteria of the products. NOTE 2 This document can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743-6.

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This document specifies several methods for the empirical estimation of the consistency of lubricating greases and petrolatum by measuring the penetration of a standardized cone.

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This document specifies methods for obtaining samples of lubricating grease from production lots or shipments and gives instructions for inspecting greases in sales packages.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for mineral or synthetic based lubricants intended for use in all types of refrigerating compressors. NOTE This document can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743-3.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for mineral or synthetic based lubricants intended for use in reciprocating and drip feed rotary air compressors (vane compressors) with the compression chamber(s)/cylinders lubricated by direct lubricant injection. NOTE This document can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743-3[1].

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This standard specifies a procedure for determining the degree of aerobic degradation of fully formulated lubricants. The organic material in a fully formulated lubricant is exposed in a synthetic aqueous medium under laboratory conditions to an inoculum from activated sludge. Biodegradation resulting in mineralisation of the organic material can be determined by measuring released CO2 in a total organic carbon (TOC-) analyser. The above mentioned method applies to fully formulated lubricants which a) are water-soluble, non-water soluble or emulsifiable b) are not toxic and not inhibitory to the test microorganisms at the test concentration. The presence of inhibitory effects can be determined

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This document specifies a procedure for determining the degree of aerobic degradation of fully formulated lubricants. The organic material in a fully formulated lubricant is exposed in a synthetic aqueous medium under laboratory conditions to an inoculum from activated sludge.
Biodegradation resulting in mineralisation of the organic material can be determined by measuring released CO2 in a total organic carbon (TOC-) analyser. In contrast to existing test methods measuring released CO2 this method uses a precise preparation procedure for non-water soluble organic material.
The above mentioned method applies to fully formulated lubricants which
a)   are water-soluble, non-water soluble or emulsifiable, and
b)   are not toxic and not inhibitory to the test microorganisms at the test concentration.
The presence of inhibitory effects is determined as specified in this document.
This test method is focused on fresh water as test medium. Tests in sea water are currently not included in this method, but may be introduced later.

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This document specifies a method for measuring the quantity of oil separated from lubricating grease in the test conditions. It can be used to predict the behaviour of greases on storage in pails and drums. This method is not applicable to very soft greases that, during the test, flow unchanged through the sieve.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the dropping point of lubricating grease using an automatic apparatus.

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IEC 60297-3-110:2018 specifies dimensions, specification for installation, environmental aspects and safety aspect of residential racks and cabinets based on IEC 60297 series, for smart houses, likely to be part of smart cities.
Key words: Racks, Residential, Cabinets, Smart house

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This document establishes the detailed classification of fluids of Family C (gear systems) which
belongs to class L (lubricants, industrial oils and related products). It can be read in conjunction with
ISO 6743-99.
The classification in this document concerns lubricants for industrial gears and excludes lubricants for
automotive gears.

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This document specifies procedures for the measurement of the extreme pressure (EP) and antiwear
properties of liquid lubricants (categories C, D, F, G, H, M, P of ISO 6743-99), lubricating greases
(ISO 6743-9, category X) and other consistent lubricants. The test conditions are not intended to
simulate particular service conditions, but to provide information over a range of standard conditions
for the purpose of research, development, quality control and fluid ranking. The output is used in
lubricant specifications.

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This document specifies procedures for the measurement of the extreme pressure (EP) and antiwear
properties of liquid lubricants (categories C, D, F, G, H, M, P of ISO 6743-99), lubricating greases
(ISO 6743-9, category X) and other consistent lubricants. The test conditions are not intended to
simulate particular service conditions, but to provide information over a range of standard conditions
for the purpose of research, development, quality control and fluid ranking. The output is used in
lubricant specifications.

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ISO 12925-1:2018 establishes the specifications relative to family C (gears) for lubricants, industrial oils and related products of Class L (see ISO 6743‑6). This document deals only with lubricants for enclosed gear systems. Lubricants for open gears and greases for gears (enclosed or open) are not covered. ISO 12925-1:2018 can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743‑6. The following categories specified in ISO 6743‑6 are covered by this document: CKB, CKC, CKD, CKE, CKSMP, CKTG, CKES, CKPG, CKPR.

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ISO 6743-6:2018 establishes the detailed classification of fluids of Family C (gear systems) which belongs to class L (lubricants, industrial oils and related products). It can be read in conjunction with ISO 6743‑99. The classification in this document concerns lubricants for industrial gears and excludes lubricants for automotive gears.

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ISO 20623:2017 specifies procedures for the measurement of the extreme pressure (EP) and anti-wear properties of liquid lubricants (categories C, D, F, G, H, M, P of ISO 6743‑99), lubricating greases (ISO 6743‑9, category X) and other consistent lubricants. The test conditions are not intended to simulate particular service conditions, but to provide information over a range of standard conditions for the purpose of research, development, quality control and fluid ranking. The output is used in lubricant specifications.

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This European Standard specifies the quality requirements of greases intended for the lubrication of axlebox rolling bearings according to prEN 12080, required for reliable operation of trains on European networks. It covers the approval procedure for a not yet approved grease, the management of modification for an approved grease and the method of quality batch control of the grease. The grease requirements are given for two speed classes.

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This European Standard specifies the quality requirements of greases intended for the lubrication of axlebox rolling bearings according to prEN 12080, required for reliable operation of trains on European networks. It covers the approval procedure for a not yet approved grease, the management of modification for an approved grease and the method of quality batch control of the grease. The grease requirements are given for two speed classes.

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This standard specifies the qualification and test requirements for graphite and halogen free molybdenum
disulphide dry film lubricant.
Test requirements and testing of fretting, corrosion, wear and friction properties of relevant lubricants are
not part of this standard. Refer to relevant standards in normative references.
All testing defined in this standard has to be certified by the manufacturer of the lubricant.
In order to achieve uniform coatings with defined thickness and best adhesion properties, spray application
in combination with heat curing is recommended.

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This standard specifies the qualification and test requirements for graphite and halogen free molybdenum disulphide dry film lubricant.
Test requirements and testing of fretting, corrosion, wear and friction properties of relevant lubricants are not part of this standard. Refer to relevant standards in normative references.
All testing defined in this standard has to be certified by the manufacturer of the lubricant.
In order to achieve uniform coatings with defined thickness and best adhesion properties, spray application in combination with heat curing is recommended.

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ISO 13357-1:2017 specifies a procedure for the evaluation of the filterability of lubricating oils, particularly those designed for hydraulic applications, in the presence of water. The procedure only applies to mineral-based oils, since fluids manufactured from other materials (e.g. fire-resistant fluids) may not be compatible with the specified test membranes. The range of application has been evaluated with oils of viscosity up to ISO viscosity grade (VG) 100, as defined in ISO 3448. Within the range described, the filterability as defined is not dependent on the viscosity of the oil. The procedure is not suitable for some hydraulic oils on which specific properties have been conferred by the use of insoluble/partially soluble additives, or by particularly large molecular species. NOTE Filterability is a prime requirement for lubricating oils used in hydraulic systems because of the fine filters used in this application. ISO 13357-1:2017 defines a method for assessing the filterability of oils in the presence of contaminating water. It is noted that some oils will exhibit poorer filterability characteristics in these conditions. ISO 13357‑2[1] is used to investigate the filterability of an oil which is used in applications where the presence of water in the oil is unlikely. An oil which has good filterability in the presence of contaminating water will not necessarily have equally good filterability in dry conditions. An oil having good filterability only when wet is unlikely to be generally acceptable.

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ISO 13357-2:2017 specifies a procedure for the evaluation of the filterability of dry lubricating oils, particularly those designed for hydraulic applications. The procedure only applies to mineral-based oils, since fluids manufactured from other materials (e.g. fire-resistant fluids) might not be compatible with the specified test membranes. The range of application has been evaluated with oils of viscosity up to ISO viscosity grade (VG) 100, as defined in ISO 3448. Within the range described, the filterability as defined is not dependent on the viscosity of the oil. The procedure is not suitable for some hydraulic oils on which specific properties have been conferred by the use of insoluble/partially soluble additives, or by particularly large molecular species. NOTE Filterability is a prime requirement for lubricating oils used in hydraulic systems because of the fine filters used in this application. ISO 13357-2:2017 defines a method for assessing the filterability of dry oils. It is necessary to note that some oils exhibit poorer filterability characteristics in the presence of contaminating water. ISO 13357‑1[2] applies to the investigation of the effect of water and high temperature on filterability, if an oil is used in applications where the presence of water in the oil is likely.

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This International Standard specifies the requirements for environmentally acceptable hydraulic fluids
and is intended for hydraulic systems, particularly hydraulic fluid power systems. The purpose of this
International Standard is to provide guidance for suppliers and users of environmentally acceptable
hydraulic fluids and for the direction of original equipment manufacturers of hydraulic systems.
This International Standard stipulates the requirements for environmentally acceptable hydraulic
fluids at the time of delivery.
Classification of fluids used in hydraulic application is defined in ISO 6743-4. This International
Standard encompasses only four of the categories of environmentally acceptable fluids covered by
ISO 6743-4. These categories are HETG, HEPG, HEES and HEPR. The minimum content of base fluid for
each category shall not be less than 70 % (m/m).

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ISO 19291:2016 describes test methods based on a high-frequency, linear-oscillation test machine to determine tribological quantities like friction, wear, load carrying capacity and extreme pressure behaviour of liquid lubricants (oils) and consistent lubricants (greases) in the ball-on-disk contact geometry.

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ISO 15380:2016 specifies the requirements for environmentally acceptable hydraulic fluids and is intended for hydraulic systems, particularly hydraulic fluid power systems. The purpose of this International Standard is to provide guidance for suppliers and users of environmentally acceptable hydraulic fluids and for the direction of original equipment manufacturers of hydraulic systems. ISO 15380:2016 stipulates the requirements for environmentally acceptable hydraulic fluids at the time of delivery. Classification of fluids used in hydraulic application is defined in ISO 6743‑4. ISO 15380:2016 encompasses only four of the categories of environmentally acceptable fluids covered by ISO 6743‑4. These categories are HETG, HEPG, HEES and HEPR. The minimum content of base fluid for each category shall not be less than 70 % (m/m).

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This European Standard specifies the term bio-lubricant and minimum requirements for all kinds of bio-lubricants and bio-based lubricants, while e.g. the EEL [1] refers to specific bio-lubricant families.
This European Standard also briefly describes relevant test method needs with respect to the characterization of bio-lubricants. It presents recommendation for related standards in the field of biodegradability, product functionality and the amount of different renewable raw materials and/or different biobased contents used during manufacturing of such bio-lubricants forming one product group.

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This European Standard specifies the term bio-lubricant and minimum requirements for all kinds of bio-lubricants and bio-based lubricants, while e.g. the EEL [4] refers to specific bio-lubricant families.
This European Standard also briefly describes relevant test method needs with respect to the characterization of bio-lubricants. It presents recommendation for related standards in the field of biodegradability, product functionality and the amount of different renewable raw materials and/or different bio-based contents used during manufacturing of such bio-lubricants forming one product group.
WARNING — Not all potential risks for the environment can be addressed by this standard.

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ISO 2719:2016 describes three procedures, A, B and C, using the Pensky-Martens closed cup tester, for determining the flash point of combustible liquids, liquids with suspended solids, liquids that tend to form a surface film under the test conditions, biodiesel and other liquids in the temperature range of 40 °C to 370 °C.
CAUTION - For certain mixtures no flash point, as defined, is observed; instead a significant enlargement of the test flame (not halo effect) and a change in colour of the test flame from blue to yellowish-orange can occur. Continued heating can result in significant burning of vapours outside the test cup, and can be a potential fire hazard.
NOTE 1       Although, technically, kerosene with a flash point above 40 °C can be tested using this International Standard, it is standard practice to test kerosene according to ISO 13736.[5] Similarly, lubricating oils are normally tested according to ISO 2592[2].
Procedure A is applicable to distillate fuels (diesel, biodiesel blends, heating oil and turbine fuels), new and in-use lubricating oils, paints and varnishes, and other homogeneous liquids not included in the scope of Procedures B or C.
Procedure B is applicable to residual fuel oils, cutback residua, used lubricating oils, mixtures of liquids with solids, liquids that tend to form a surface film under test conditions or are of such kinematic viscosity that they are not uniformly heated under the stirring and heating conditions of Procedure A.
Procedure C is applicable to fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) as specified in specifications such as EN 14214[11] or ASTM D6751[13].
ISO 2719:2016 is not applicable to water-borne paints and varnishes.
NOTE 2       Water-borne paints and varnishes can be tested using ISO 3679[3]. Liquids containing traces of highly volatile materials can be tested using ISO 1523[1] or ISO 3679.

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This part of ISO 6743 establishes the detailed classification of fluids of Family H (Hydraulic systems)
which belong to class L (Lubricants, industrial oils, and related products). It is intended to be read in
conjunction with ISO 6743-99. This classification system does not include automotive brake fluids or
aircraft hydraulic fluids.

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ISO 6743-4:2015 establishes the detailed classification of fluids of Family H (Hydraulic systems) which belong to class L (Lubricants, industrial oils, and related products). It is intended to be read in conjunction with ISO 6743‑99. This classification system does not include automotive brake fluids or aircraft hydraulic fluids.

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ISO 26422:2014 specifies a method of determining the shear stability of polymer-containing lubricating oils by the four-ball machine as specified in ISO 20623, but using a tapered roller bearing. The test results allow prediction of the in-service permanent viscosity loss. NOTE Other International Standards exist which evaluate viscosity loss of polymer-containing oils. The method specified within this International Standard subjects fluids to a higher shear rate than, for example, the diesel injector nozzle shear test described within ISO 20844.[3] It is particularly appropriate for lubricants being used in high shear applications, such as components with gears and roller bearings. In such applications, the shear rate in the ISO 20844 test method can be too low to generate a realistic permanent loss in viscosity of the fluid.

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EN ISO 13503-6 provides consistent methodology for measuring the fluid loss of completion fluids under dynamic conditions. This part of ISO 13503 is applicable to all completion fluids except those that react with porous media.

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ISO 13503-6:2014 provides consistent methodology for measuring the fluid loss of completion fluids under dynamic conditions. ISO 13503-6:2014 is applicable to all completion fluids except those that react with porous media.

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ISO 13503-6:2014 provides consistent methodology for measuring the fluid loss of completion fluids under dynamic conditions. ISO 13503-6:2014 is applicable to all completion fluids except those that react with porous media.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure for the determination of the content of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) in extender oils which are commonly used in the rubber industry for the production of tyres or parts of tyres. The method also yields the sum of the eight individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) listed in Table 1. The procedure has been tested and verified for the PAHs listed in Table 1 (those required by the European Commission [1]) and additional PAHs as listed in Table A.2. Analysis of other PAHs is possible in principle, but sufficient quality assurance performed by the user is necessary to secure the analysis. The application range for this method is from approximately 4 mg/kg to approximately 15 mg/kg for the eight individual PAHs and from approximately 0,5 mg/kg to approximately 2 mg/kg for BaP. NOTE 1 The intended working range for this method is in the 0,1 mg/kg to 15 mg/kg range. For the lower levels precision has not yet been established. NOTE 2 For the purposes of this European Standard, the term “% (m/m)” is used to represent the mass fraction (ω).

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This European Standard specifies a procedure for the determination of the content of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) in extender oils which are commonly used in the rubber industry for the production of tyres or parts of tyres. The method also yields the sum of the eight individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) listed in Table 1.
The procedure has been tested and verified for the PAHs listed in Table 1 (those required by the European Commission [1]) and additional PAHs as listed in Table A.2.
Analysis of other PAHs is possible in principle, but sufficient quality assurance performed by the user is necessary to secure the analysis.
The application range for this method is from approximately 4 mg/kg to approximately 15 mg/kg for the eight individual PAHs and from approximately 0,5 mg/kg to approximately 2 mg/kg for BaP.
NOTE 1   The intended working range for this method is in the 0,1 mg/kg to 15 mg/kg range. For the lower levels precision has not yet been established.
NOTE 2   For the purposes of this European Standard, the term "% (m/m)" is used to represent the mass fraction (...).
(...)

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This European Standard specifies the requirements of lubricants intended for lubrication of the wheelrail interface between the wheel flange and the rail gauge corner (active interface) applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel flange or to the rail to achieve an acceptable level of friction and wear. It covers the approval procedure, the method of testing and quality control/ monitoring of the lubrica.

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