Safety rules for the construction and installations of lifts - Particular applications for passenger and good passengers lifts - Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability

This European standard specifies the requirements for the accessibility of new lifts serving defined landing levels, having a car designed for the transportation of persons, and moving along guide rails inclined at an angle of more then 15degrees to the horizontal. NOTE: This standard may be used as guidance for upgrading existing lifts in line with the recommandation of the European Commission dated 8th of June, 1995 (95/216/EC) concerning improvements to safety of existing lifts. This European standard describes three sizes of lifts offering different levels of accessibility to wheelchair users.

Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Besondere Anwendungen für Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 70: Zugänglichkeit von Aufzügen für Personen einschließlich Personen mit Behinderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Mindestanforderungen für den sicheren und unabhängigen Zugang und die Benutzung von Aufzügen durch Personen einschließlich Personen mit Behinderungen nach Anhang B, Tabelle B.1 fest.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt Aufzüge mit Mindestabmessungen des Fahrkorbs nach Tabelle 1, die mit waagerecht bewegten selbsttätig kraftbetätigten Türen ausgerüstet sind.
Diese Europäische Norm berücksichtigt die Zugänglichkeit von Aufzügen für die Benutzer von Rollstühlen mit Höchstabmessungen nach EN 12183:1999 und EN 12184:1999.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt ebenfalls die zusätzlichen technischen Anforderungen zur Minimierung der in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführten Gefährdungen, die bei Aufzügen, die für Personen mit Behinderungen zugänglich sind, entstehen können.
ANMERKUNG   Diese Norm darf als Anleitung zur Erhöhung der Sicherheit bestehender Aufzüge im Sinne der Empfehlung der Europäischen Kommission vom 8. Juni 1995 (95/216/EG) angewendet werden.

Regles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Applications particulieres pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 70: Accessibilité aux ascenseurs pour toutes les personnes y compris les personnes avec handicap

La présente Norme européenne précise les exigences minimales pour l'acces indépendant et en sécurité, et l'utilisation des ascenseurs par les personnes, y compris les personnes avec handicaps mentionnés en annexe B, Tableau B.1.
La présente Norme européenne couvre les ascenseurs ayant des dimensions de cabine minimales définies dans le Tableau 1 et équipés de portes de cabine et palieres automatiques a coulissement horizontal.
La présente Norme européenne considere l'accessibilité des ascenseurs pour les personnes en fauteuil roulant d'encombrement maximum défini dans l'EN 12183:1999 et l'EN 12184:1999.
La présente Norme européenne traite aussi des prescriptions techniques complémentaires pour réduire les risques, listés a l'article 4, qui se présentent lors de l'utilisation de l'ascenseur accessible aux personnes avec handicap.
NOTE   Cette norme peut etre utilisée comme guide pour la modernisation des ascenseurs existants en conformité avec la recommandation de la Commission Européenne datée du 8 juin 1995 (95/216/CE) concernant l'amélioration de la sécurité des ascenseurs existants.

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Posebne izvedbe osebnih in osebno-tovornih dvigal - 70. del: Dostopnost dvigal za osebe, vključno z invalidi

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
31-May-2004
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Jun-2004
Due Date
01-Jun-2004
Completion Date
01-Jun-2004

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 81-70:2004
01-junij-2004
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RVHEQLKLQRVHEQRWRYRUQLKGYLJDOGHO'RVWRSQRVWGYLJDO]DRVHEHYNOMXþQR

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Safety rules for the construction and installations of lifts - Particular applications for

passenger and good passengers lifts - Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including

persons with disability
Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Besondere

Anwendungen für Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 70: Zugänglichkeit von Aufzügen

für Personen einschließlich Personen mit Behinderungen

Regles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Applications

particulieres pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 70: Accessibilité aux

ascenseurs pour toutes les personnes y compris les personnes avec handicap
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 81-70:2003
ICS:
91.140.90 'YLJDOD7HNRþHVWRSQLFH Lifts. Escalators
SIST EN 81-70:2004 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 81-70
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2003
ICS 91.140.90
English version
Safety rules for the construction and installations of lifts
Particular applications for passenger and good passengers lifts -
Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with
disability

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von

élévateurs - Applications particulières pour les ascenseurs Aufzügen - Besondere Anwendungen für Personen- und

et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 70: Accessibilité aux Lastenaufzüge - Teil 70: Zugänglichkeit von Aufzügen für

ascenseurs pour tous les usagers y compris les personnes Personen einschließlich Personen mit Behinderungen

avec handicap
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 November 2002.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2003 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 81-70:2003 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
Contents
page

0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 4

0.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

0.2 Principles ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

0.3 Assumptions.................................................................................................................................................. 5

0.4 Negotiations................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Significant hazards and barriers to accessibility ...................................................................................... 7

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ..................................................................................... 7

5.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Entrances - Door opening ............................................................................................................................ 8

5.3 Car dimensions, equipment in the car, stopping/levelling accuracy ...................................................... 8

5.4 Control devices and signals ...................................................................................................................... 10

6 Verification of safety requirements and / or protective measures......................................................... 13

7 Information for use...................................................................................................................................... 15

7.1 General ......................................................................................................................................................... 15

7.2 Information for the lift owner ..................................................................................................................... 15

Annex A (informative) General remarks on accessibility ..................................................................................... 16

Annex B (normative) Categories of disabilities considered ................................................................................ 18

Annex C (normative) Risk analysis......................................................................................................................... 19

Annex D (informative) Materials likely to cause allergies..................................................................................... 21

Annex E (informative) Guidelines regarding features for visually impaired persons ....................................... 22

Annex F (normative) Keypads................................................................................................................................. 24

Annex G (informative) Other devices...................................................................................................................... 26

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Document with EC Directives..................................... 28

Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 81-70:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10 “Passenger, escalators

and moving walks”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European

Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or

by endorsement, at the latest by November 2003, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest

by November 2003.

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,

Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Annexes A, D, E and G are informative.
Annexes B, C and F are normative.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
0 Introduction
0.1 General
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN 1070.

The extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indicated in the scope of this

document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the

provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for lifts that have

been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.
0.2 Principles
In drawing up this standard the following have been used:

a) the Working Group based its activities on a resolution (CEN/TC 10/1995/7) which added the issue of

accessibility to the work programme of CEN/TC 10, namely the necessity of formulating requirements for the

accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability.

This resolution was the result of a mandate given to CEN as mentioned in the Foreword. It was decided that it

would cover the design and construction of cars etc. in such a way that their features would not obstruct or

impede access and use by disabled people;

b) the Working Group was composed of representatives of the European Disability Forum, National

Standardisation Institutes and the Lift Industry. Data taken into account were:
 demographic developments in Europe;
 the tendency of living independently and its consequences;
 the need for accessibility of buildings;

 the recognition of the existence of a variety of disabilities with different solutions on spatial and

orientational levels;

 the combat of discrimination based on disability and age as mentioned in the non-discrimination clause

(art 6a) of the Treaty of Amsterdam of the European Union.

The population of Europe is ageing and the prevalence of disability, including disability associated with the ageing

process, is increasing. Older people and people with disabilities at present are estimated to number some 80

million people – a large and growing proportion of the European Union population. The changing demography

presents both opportunities and challenges for the Union. The economic, social and cultural potential of older

people and people with disabilities is underexploited at present. However there is a growing recognition that society

needs to exploit this potential for the economic and social benefit of society generally.

The work has led to this standard on the accessibility to lifts for persons, including persons with disability.

General information on accessibility is given in annex A;

c) this standard does not only address the essential safety requirements of the Lift Directive, but additionally

states minimum rules for the accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability. There may be in

some countries regulations for the level of suitability of lifts which cannot be ignored. Typical clauses affected

by this are those defining minimum sizes of cars ;
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)

d) this European Standard describes three sizes of lifts offering different levels of accessibility to wheelchair

users. The degree of accessibility and usability is provided by dimensions, spatial and technical criteria (see

the European Concept for Accessibility referred to in Bibliography).

Further, this European Standard defines the design provisions for the lift and its user interface for the different

stages of usage under normal operation.

NOTE Each Member State can, according to its social requirements and economical situation, select the appropriate size of

lift from Table 1 as the minimum for a given type of building and define the application by law.

0.3 Assumptions

Intensive studies have been made on the different categories of disabilities to establish related hazards and their

risks.

The Standard Rules of the Equalization of opportunities for persons with disabilities adopted by the United Nations

General Assembly at its 48 session on 20 December 1993 (resolution 48/96) has also been considered. The

requirements in this standard have been drawn up accordingly.
0.4 Negotiations

It is assumed that negotiations have been made for each contract between the customer and the supplier/installer

about:
a) the intended use of the lift;
b) temporary activation of features of the lift;
c) environmental conditions;
d) civil engineering problems;
e) other aspects related to the place of installation.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the safe and independent access and use of lifts

by persons, including persons with the disabilities mentioned in annex B, Table B.1.

This European Standard covers lifts with minimum car dimensions according to Table 1 and provided with car

doors and landing doors constructed as automatic power operated horizontally sliding doors.

This European Standard considers accessibility to lifts for persons using wheelchairs with maximum overall

dimensions defined in EN 12183:1999 and EN 12184:1999.

This European Standard also deals with the additional technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in

clause 4 that arise during the operation of lifts intended to be accessible to disabled users.

NOTE This standard can be used as guidance for upgrading existing lifts in line with the recommendation of the European

Commission dated 8 of June, 1995 (95/216/EC) concerning improvements to safety of existing lifts.

2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These

normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter. For

dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European

Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the

publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 81-1:1998, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 1: Electric lifts.

EN 81-2:1998, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 2: Hydraulic lifts.

prEN 81-5:1999, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts and service lifts - Part 5: Screw lifts.

prEN 81-6:1999, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts and service lifts - Part 6: Guided chain lifts.

prEN 81-7:1999, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts and service lifts - Part 7: Rack and pinion

lifts.

prEN 81-21:1998, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts – Part 21: New passenger and goods

passenger lifts in existing buildings.

prEN 81-28:2000, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 28: Remote alarms on passenger

and goods passenger lifts.

EN 292-2:1991, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 2: Technical principles

and specifications.
EN 1070:1998, Safety of machinery – Terminology.
EN 12183:1999, Manually propelled wheelchairs – Requirements and test methods.

EN 12184:1999, Electrically powered wheelchairs, scooters and their chargers – Requirements and test methods.

EN 13015:2001, Maintenance for lifts and escalators – Rules for maintenance instructions.

ISO 7000:1989, Graphical symbols for use on equipment - Index and synopsis.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 81-1:1998, EN 81-2:1998,

prEN 81-5:1999, prEN 81-6:1999, prEN 81-7:1999, prEN 81-28:2000, EN 13015:2001, EN 1070:1998 and the

following apply.
Additional definitions needed for this standard are added below.
3.1
stopping accuracy

maximum vertical distance between car sill and landing sill at the moment when a car is stopped by the control

system at its destination floor and the doors reach their fully open position
3.2
levelling accuracy

maximum vertical distance between car sill and landing sill during loading or unloading of the lift

3.3
push button control system

a lift control system used for single lifts where the lift only has one button on each landing and only serves one car

or landing call at a time
3.4
collective control system

a control system used for single lifts or multiple lifts where the system has the ability to accept several car calls and

remember them so they are answered in a logical sequence and has the ability to accept any landing calls and

distribute them to the lifts to ensure the best service to users
3.5
destination control system

a lift control system used for single lifts or multiple lifts where a destination call (target floor) is registered on the

landing
3.6
temporary activation control
a means to activate features or services for a single trip
4 Significant hazards and barriers to accessibility

This clause contains all significant hazardous situations, and events as far as they are dealt with in this standard,

identified by risk assessment as significant for this type of lift and which require actions to eliminate or reduce the

risk.

In this standard barriers to accessibility and additional risks encountered by the person with disability or by the

devices used by that person are identified in annex C.

NOTE Hazards resulting from allergic reactions to persons to persons are not addressed in this standard, but advice on

such hazards is given in annex D. Furthermore recommendations regarding certain design provisions for visually impaired

persons are given in annex E.
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
5.1 General

The requirements of EN 81-1:1998, EN 81-2:1998, prEN 81-5:1999, prEN 81-6:1999, prEN 81-7:1999,

prEN 81-21:1998, prEN 81-28:2000 and EN 13015:2000 apply with the deviations or additional requirements

elaborated below.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
5.2 Entrances - Door opening
5.2.1 Entrance clear opening shall be at least 800 mm.

NOTE National regulations can require more than 800 mm (see Introduction) - Type 2 lifts should be provided with an

entrance clear opening of 900 mm, according to ISO 4190-1:1999 (series B) and type 3 lifts with a clear opening of 1100 mm

according to the same standard (see Table 1).

The car and landing doors shall be constructed as automatic power operated horizontally sliding doors.

5.2.2 Obstacle-free accessibility on the landing floors is required on all eligible floors (see Introduction,

Negotiations).

5.2.3 The control system shall allow for the door dwell time to be adjustable to suit the conditions where the lift is

installed (normally between 2 s and 20 s). Means to reduce this time shall be installed e.g. by using a door close

button in the car. The means of the adjustment shall not be accessible to users.

5.2.4 The protection device as required by 7.5.2.1.1.3 of EN 81-1:1998 and EN 81-2:1998 shall cover the

opening over the distance between at least 25 mm and 1 800 mm above the car door sill (e.g. light curtain). The

device shall be a sensor which prevents physical contact between the user and the leading edges of the closing

door panel(s).
5.3 Car dimensions, equipment in the car, stopping/levelling accuracy
5.3.1 Car dimensions

Inside dimensions of cars with a single entrance or with two opposite entrances shall be chosen in accordance with

Table 1 (see Introduction, Negotiations)

Car dimensions shall be measured between the structural car walls. Any decorative finishes of a wall that reduces

the minimum car dimensions given by Table 1 shall not exceed 15 mm in thickness.

Any car with adjacent entrances shall have a width and depth appropriate to allow a wheelchair user to enter and

leave the car.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)

Table 1 — Minimum car dimensions for cars with a single entrance or two opposite entrances

Type of Minimum car Accessibility level Remarks
lift
dimensions
450 kg Type 1 ensures accessibility to persons using a
This car accommodates one manual wheelchair described in EN 12183 or
Car width : 1 000 mm
electrically powered wheelchair of class A
wheelchair user.
described in EN 12184.
Car depth : 1 250 mm
Type 2 ensures accessibility to persons using a
manual wheelchair described in EN 12183 or an
630 kg
electrically powered wheelchair of class A or B
This car accommodates one
described in EN 12184.
2 Car width : 1 100 mm wheelchair user and an
accompanying person.
Class B wheelchairs are intended for some indoor
Car depth : 1 400 mm
environments and capable of navigating some
outdoor obstacles.
Type 3 ensures accessibility to persons using a
manual wheelchair described in EN 12183 or an
electrically powered wheelchair of class A, B or C
described in EN 12184.
This car accommodates one
1 275 kg
wheelchair user and several
Class C wheelchairs are not necessarily intended
3 Car width : 2 000 mm other users. It also allows a
for indoor use but are capable of travelling over
wheelchair to be rotated in the
longer distances and navigating outdoor obstacles.
Car depth : 1 400 mm
car.
Type 3 provides sufficient turning space for
persons using wheelchairs of class A or B and
walking aids (walking frames, rollators etc.).

Car width is the horizontal distance between the inner surface of the structural walls, measured parallel to the front entrance.

Car depth is the horizontal distance between the inner surface of the structural walls, measured perpendicular to the width.

5.3.2 Equipment in the car

5.3.2.1 At least on one side wall of the car a handrail shall be installed. The gripping part of this handrail shall

have cross-sectional dimensions between 30 mm and 45 mm with a minimum radius of 10 mm. The free space

between the wall and the gripping part shall be minimum 35 mm. The height of the top edge of the gripping part

shall be within (900 – 25) mm from the car floor.

The handrail shall be interrupted where the car operating panel is located on the same wall in order to avoid

obstructing buttons or controls.

The projecting ends of handrails shall be closed and turned towards the wall to minimise the risk of injury.

5.3.2.2 Where a tip-up seat is provided (see Introduction, Negotiations) it shall have the following characteristics:

a) seat height from the floor: (500 – 20) mm;
b) depth: (300 - 400) mm;
c) width (400 - 500) mm;
d) ability to support of load of 100 kg.

5.3.2.3 In case of a car size of Table 1, type 1 and type 2, where a user of a wheelchair cannot turn it around,

a device (e.g. a small mirror) shall be installed to enable this user to observe obstacles behind them when moving

backwards out of the car. Where a glass mirror is used it shall be safety glass.

Where any wall of the car is substantially mirrored or covered with a reflective surface, measures shall be taken to

avoid creating optical confusion for users with visual impairment (e.g. decorated glass, or a minimum vertical

distance of 300 mm between the floor and the bottom edge of the mirror, etc.).
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
5.3.3 Stopping/levelling accuracy
Under intended use:
 the stopping accuracy of the car shall be – 10 mm;
 a levelling accuracy of – 20 mm shall be maintained.
5.4 Control devices and signals
Design provisions for control devices and signals are given in Table 2.

NOTE Guidance on other devices, exceeding the requirements in 5.4, such as the design of extra large (XL) control

devices (see Introduction, Negotiations) is given in annex G.
5.4.1 Landing control devices

5.4.1.1 Where a push button type system is used, it shall meet the requirements in Table 2.

5.4.1.2 Where a keypad system is used (see Introduction, Negotiations) it shall meet the requirements in

annex F.

5.4.1.3 Where temporary activation control is provided (see Introduction, Negotiations) the activation device

shall be marked with the international symbol for Provision for the Disabled (see ISO 7000:1989, Symbol n 0100).

5.4.1.4 Landing control devices shall be mounted adjacent to the landing doors in case of a single lift.

For group lifts, having common management of landing calls, the minimum number of control devices shall be as

follows:
 one per face for lifts facing each other (opposite lifts);

 one for maximum four (4) adjacent lifts (if the control device is located between two lifts).

5.4.2 Car control devices

5.4.2.1 The push buttons used for the operation of the lift shall be identified as follows:

a) floor buttons : identified by symbols : -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, etc.;
b) alarm button : yellow with bell-shaped symbol;
c) door ”re-open” button : identified by the symbol I;
d) door close button : identified by the symbol I.
NOTE See EN 81-1:1998 and EN 81-2:1998, 15.2.3.

5.4.2.2 Car buttons shall meet the requirements in Table 2 and be arranged as follows:

a) the centreline of alarm and door buttons shall be located at a minimum height of 900 mm above the car floor;

b) the call buttons shall be placed above the alarm and door buttons;

c) the order of the call buttons for a single horizontal row shall be from left to right. The order of call buttons for a

single vertical row shall be from the bottom to the top and for multiple vertical rows from left to right and then

from the bottom to the top.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
5.4.2.3 The car control panel shall be located on the wall as follows:

a) with centre opening doors, it shall be on the right hand side when entering the car;

b) with side opening doors, it shall be on the closing jamb side.

In case of lifts type 3 with two car entrances the requirements in a) or b) shall be fulfilled as applicable.

5.4.2.4 Where keypads are used for call registration in the car (see Introduction, Negotiations), they shall meet

the requirements of annex F.

5.4.2.5 In destination control systems, (see Introduction, Negotiation) where a user has selected “temporary

activation”, the start of the door closing shall be initiated by activating the door close button. If the car is not used it

shall return to normal operation after 30 s to 60 s.
The above requirement serves as an option to the requirement in 5.2.3.
Table 2 —Control devices - Requirements
# Subject Landing controls Car controls
a) Minimum area of active part of buttons
490 mm

b) Minimum dimension of active part of buttons Inscribed circle with a diameter of 20 mm

c) Identification of active part of buttons identifiable visually (by contrast) and by touch (relief) from face

plate or surrounds
d) Identification of face plate colour to contrast to its surrounds (see D.2)
e) Operating force 2,5 N to 5,0 N
f) Operating feedback required to inform user that the button, once pushed, has
operated
g) Registration feedback
Visible and audible, adjustable between 35 dB(A) and 65 dB(A) .
The audible signal shall be given on every individual operation of
button even if the call is already registered.
h) Button for building exit floor Not applicable Protrudes (5 – 1) mm beyond the
other buttons (preferably green)
i) Position of symbol on active part (or 10 mm to 15 mm left of it)
j) Symbol In relief contrasted to the background, 15 mm to 40 mm high
k) Height of relief Minimum 0,8 mm
l) Distance between active parts of buttons. Minimum 10 mm

m) Distance between group of call buttons and Not applicable Minimum twice the distance

between active parts of call buttons
other group of buttons
n) Minimum height between the floor level and 900 mm
the centreline of any button
o) Maximum height between the floor level and 1 100 mm 1 200 mm
the centreline of the highest button
(preferably 1 100mm)
p) Arrangement of buttons vertical See 5.4.2.2
q) Minimum lateral distance between the 500 mm 400 mm
centreline of any button to any corner of
adjacent walls.
e.g. between alarm-/ door buttons and call buttons.
Adjustable between limits for adaptation to environmental conditions.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
EN 81-70:2003 (E)
5.4.3 Landing signals

5.4.3.1 For push button control systems an audible signal on the landing shall indicate when the doors start

opening. The door noise is sufficient if the noise level is 45 dB(A) or above.

5.4.3.2 Where, prior to entering the car, the control system establishes the next direction of travel (collective

control) illuminated indicator arrows (see EN 81-1:1998 and EN 81-2:1998 clause 14.2.4.3) shall be placed above

or near the doors.

The indicator arrows shall be positioned between 1,80 m and 2,50 m from the floor with an angle of view from the

landing of at least 140 . The height of the arrows shall be at least 40 mm.

An audible signal shall accompany the lighting of the arrows. The audible signals shall use different sounds for up

and down e.g.:
 one sound for up;
 two sounds for down.

5.4.3.3 The requirements of 5.4.3.2 may in the case of a single lift be satisfied by a device in the car visible

and audible from the landing.
5.4
...

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