Temporary works equipment - Part 4: Protection fans for scaffolds - Performance requirements and product design

This European Standard specifies product requirements, methods of structural and general design and tests for protection fans for scaffolds to protect workers as well as members of public from objects that may fall off the outside edge of scaffolds being used close to where they are working or passing by. This European Standard only applies to protection fans while the scaffold is being used as a working place. Protection fans attached to structures other than scaffolds as defined in EN 12811-1 are outside the scope of this European Standard. This European Standard applies only to protection fan systems on to which construction debris may fall from 24 m or less. This European Standard ensures resistance of protection fans for most blunt falling objects representing an impacting energy not exceeding 720 J.   
NOTE   This energy corresponds to a 3 kg object falling from 24m.
This Standard does not cover the requirements for the total area to be protected against falling items.

Temporäre Konstruktionen für Bauwerke - Teil 4: Schutzdächer für Arbeitsgerüste - Leistungsanforderungen, Entwurf, Konstruktion und Bemessung des Produkts

Diese Europäische Norm legt Produktanforderungen, Verfahren zum Entwurf, zur Konstruktion und Bemessung sowie Versuche für Schutzdächer für Arbeitsgerüste fest, um Arbeiter sowie Personen aus der Öffentlichkeit vor eventuell herabfallenden Gegenständen zu schützen.
Die Norm gilt nur für Schutzdächer an Gerüsten, die als Arbeitsplatz verwendet werden.
Schutzdächer, die an anderen Konstruktionen als an Arbeitsgerüsten nach  EN 12811-1 angebracht werden,   gehören nicht zum Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm.
Diese Norm gilt nur für Schutzdachsysteme, auf die Bauschutt aus 24 m Höhe oder weniger fallen könnte.
Diese Norm stellt die Widerstandsfähigkeit von Schutzdächern für die meisten herabfallenden Gegenstände bei einer Aufschlagenergie von nicht mehr als 72 J sicher.
ANMERKUNG   Diese Energie entspricht einem Gegenstand mit einer Gewichtskraft von 3 kg, der aus einer Höhe von 24 m herabfällt.
Diese Norm deckt nicht die Anforderungen an den gesamten Bereich ab, der vor herabfallenden Gegenständen geschützt werden muss.

Équipements temporaires de chantiers - Partie 4: Pare-gravats pour échafaudages - Exigences de performance et conception du produit

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives au produit, les méthodes d’étude et de dimensionnement des structures ainsi que les essais relatifs aux pare-gravats pour échafaudages, destinés à protéger tant les ouvriers que les passants contre toute chute d'objets provenant d'échafaudages.
La norme s'applique uniquement aux échafaudages utilisés comme plateforme de travail.
Les pare-gravats fixés à des structures autres que des échafaudages tels que définis dans l'EN 12811-1 ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application de la présente norme.
La présente norme s'applique uniquement aux systèmes de pare-gravats susceptibles de recevoir des débris de construction d'une hauteur maximale de 24 m.
La présente norme a pour objet de garantir la résistance des pare-gravats à la chute de la plupart des objets contondants représentant une énergie d'impact n'excédant pas 72 J.
NOTE   Cette énergie correspond à un objet de 3 kg tombant d'une hauteur de 24 m.
La présente norme ne prescrit pas d'exigences relatives à l'ensemble de la zone à protéger contre les chutes d'objets.

Oprema za začasne gradnje - 4. del: Varovalni nadstreški za odre - Zahtevane lastnosti in projektiranje

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-May-2012
Publication Date
09-Jan-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
23-Dec-2013
Due Date
27-Feb-2014
Completion Date
10-Jan-2014

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Temporäre Konstruktionen für Bauwerke - Teil 4: Schutzdächer für Arbeitsgerüste - Leistungsanforderungen, Entwurf, Konstruktion und Bemessung des ProduktsÉquipements temporaires de chantiers - Partie 4: Pare-gravats pour échafaudages - Exigences de performance et conception du produitTemporary works equipment - Part 4: Protection fans for scaffolds - Performance requirements and product design91.220Gradbena opremaConstruction equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12811-4:2013SIST EN 12811-4:2014en01-februar-2014SIST EN 12811-4:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 12811-4:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12811-4
November 2013 ICS 91.220 English Version

Temporary works equipment - Part 4: Protection fans for scaffolds - Performance requirements and product design

Équipements temporaires de chantiers - Partie 4: Pare-gravats pour échafaudages - Exigences de performance et conception du produit

Temporäre Konstruktionen für Bauwerke - Teil 4: Schutzdächer für Arbeitsgerüste - Leistungsanforderungen, Entwurf, Konstruktion und Bemessung des Produkts This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 September 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 12811-4:2013: ESIST EN 12811-4:2014

EN 12811-4:2013 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................6 4 Classification ..........................................................................................................................................8 4.1 Rules for classification .........................................................................................................................8 4.2 Snow loading classification ..................................................................................................................8 4.3 Shape classification ..............................................................................................................................8 4.4 Width classification ...............................................................................................................................9 5 Designation ............................................................................................................................................9 6 Materials .................................................................................................................................................9 6.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9 6.2 Specific material requirements ............................................................................................................9 6.2.1 Steel ........................................................................................................................................................9 6.2.2 Timber .................................................................................................................................................. 10 7 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 10 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 10 7.2 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 10 7.2.1 Width .................................................................................................................................................... 10 7.2.2 Minimum inclination of protection fan.............................................................................................. 11 7.3 Components and elements ................................................................................................................ 11 7.3.1 Couplers .............................................................................................................................................. 11 7.3.2 Steel scaffold tubes (circular) ........................................................................................................... 11 7.3.3 Aluminium scaffold tubes (circular) ................................................................................................. 12 8 Requirements for design ................................................................................................................... 12 8.1 Basic requirements ............................................................................................................................ 12 8.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12 8.1.2 Arresting surface ................................................................................................................................ 12 8.1.3 External support ................................................................................................................................. 12 8.1.4 Fixings for protection fans ................................................................................................................ 12 8.2 Structural design ................................................................................................................................ 12 8.2.1 Method of design ................................................................................................................................ 12 8.2.2 Special requirements for timber ........................................................................................................ 12 8.2.3 Partial safety factor ............................................................................................................................ 13 8.3 Actions ................................................................................................................................................. 13 8.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 8.3.2 Permanent and variable imposed loads ........................................................................................... 14 8.3.3 Variable Imposed loads: Class V1 .................................................................................................... 14 8.4 Load combinations ............................................................................................................................. 15 8.5 Falling object impact loads ................................................................................................................ 15 9 Testing to verify performance ........................................................................................................... 15 9.1 Purpose of testing .............................................................................................................................. 15 9.2 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 9.3 General description of test components .......................................................................................... 16 9.3.1 Test sample ......................................................................................................................................... 16 SIST EN 12811-4:2014

EN 12811-4:2013 (E) 3 9.3.2 Test impactor ....................................................................................................................................... 16 9.4 Test ....................................................................................................................................................... 16 9.4.1 Principle of the test ............................................................................................................................. 16 9.4.2 Test set up ............................................................................................................................................ 16 9.4.3 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 17 9.4.4 Results to be recorded........................................................................................................................ 18 9.4.5 Compliance with the testing requirements ....................................................................................... 18 9.4.6 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 18 10 Assessment of compliance ................................................................................................................ 18 11 Manuals ................................................................................................................................................ 19 11.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 19 11.2 Content of a product manual ............................................................................................................. 19 12 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 19 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 21

SIST EN 12811-4:2014

EN 12811-4:2013 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 12811-4:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 53 “Temporary works equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2014, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2014. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This European Standard is part of a series of standards EN 12811, Temporary works equipment, which consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Scaffolds — Performance requirements and general design; — Part 2: Information on materials; — Part 3: Load testing; — Part 4: Protection fans for scaffolds — Performance requirements and product design. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12811-4:2014

EN 12811-4:2013 (E) 5 Introduction Each year, many objects fall from a height and strike people. Often, this leads to serious injury, because the impact is on the head. This statistic does not take into account the many near misses. The dangers associated with falling objects has been recognized by the European Commission, which dealt with the matter by writing an amendment to the Work Equipment Directive (89/655/EEC) that deals exclusively with work at height (2001/45/EEC) and requires the prevention of objects falling off scaffolds. Usually the provision for preventing such dangerous occurrences takes the form of a “toe-board” attached to the edge of the platform. However, toe-boards according to EN 12811-1 should be at least 150 mm high and statistics indicate that they are not always effective. Therefore, additional protection is often specified, by local by-laws, especially for scaffolds erected above areas where members of the public cannot be prevented from entering, for example in city and town centres. One way of satisfying these local regulations is to provide a protection fan attached to the main scaffold at some distance below the working platform. Because these protection fans are required to arrest the fall of substantial objects such as bricks, blocks, scaffold boards and the like, they could be considered as a necessary safety-critical accessory for scaffolds. This, coupled with the fact that they have to arrest the fall of significant objects, i.e. subjected to significant dynamic loads, puts them in the category of complex structures. Yet, in many European countries, there are no rules to govern the design and installation of protection fans. Across much of Europe, protection fans are: — erected in configurations that are not verified; and — attached arbitrarily to scaffolds. That is to say, the information related to protection fans, such as it is, is very basic. Under the suite of standards drawn up by CEN TC 53, Temporary works equipment has had its design formalized across Europe. The current situation is that un-designed and unverified components are being attached to scaffolds. Therefore, it is necessary to formalize the design and erection of protection fans. SIST EN 12811-4:2014

EN 12811-4:2013 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies product requirements, methods of structural and general design and tests for protection fans for scaffolds to protect workers as well as members of public from objects that may fall off the outside edge of scaffolds being used close to where they are working or passing by. This European Standard only applies to protection fans while the scaffold is being used as a working place. Protection fans attached to structures other than scaffolds as defined in EN 12811-1 are outside the scope of this European Standard. This European Standard applies only to protection fan systems on to which construction debris may fall from 24 m or less. This European Standard ensures resistance of protection fans for most blunt falling objects representing an impacting energy not exceeding 720 J. NOTE This energy corresponds to a 3 kg object falling from 24 m. This European Standard does not cover the requirements for the total area to be protected against falling items. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 74 (all parts), Couplers, spigots and baseplates for use in falsework and scaffolds EN 338, Structural timber — Strength classes EN 1990, Eurocode — Basis of structural design EN 1993-1-1, Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings EN 1995-1-1, Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings EN 1999-1-1, Eurocode 9: Design of aluminium structures — Part 1-1: General structural rules EN 12810-1:2003, Façade scaffolds made of prefabricated components — Part 1: Products specifications EN 12811-1:2003, Temporary works equipment — Part 1: Scaffolds — Performance requirements and general design EN 12811-2, Temporary works equipment — Part 2: Information on materials 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 12811-1:2003 and the following apply (see also Figure 1). SIST EN 12811-4:2014

EN 12811-4:2013 (E) 7

(a) example of a horizontal protection fan (b) example of an inclined protection fan

Key 1 ties 2 protection fan 3 fan tie 4 scaffold 5 stiff structure Figure 1 — Examples of protection fan systems 3.1 protection fan system set of interconnected components used for the purpose of arresting falling objects, which includes (a) an assessed set of configurations and (b) the product manual 3.2 component part of a protection fan system which cannot be dismantled further Note 1 to entry: For example a support or a vertical frame. 3.3 element integral part of a component Note 1 to entry: For example a welded connection. 3.4 connection device device for the connection of components 3.5 configuration particular arrangement of connected components 3.6 protection fan configuration configuration of

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