Test method to measure the efficiency of air filtration media against spherical nanomaterials - Part 2: Particle size range from 3 nm to 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)

This document specifies the testing instruments and procedure for filtration efficiency of flat sheet filter media against airborne nanoparticles in the 3 – 30 nm range.

Prüfverfahren zur Messung der Effizienz von Luftfiltrationsmedien gegen sphärische Nanomaterialien - Teil 2: Partikelgrößenbereich von 3 bis 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)

Dieses Dokument legt die Prüfinstrumente und Prüfverfahren für die Bestimmung des Filtrationswirkungsgrads von planen Filtermedien gegen Nanoschwebstoffpartikel im Größenbereich zwischen 3 nm und 30 nm fest. Die Prüfverfahren in diesem Dokument sind auf kugelförmige oder fast kugelförmige Partikel beschränkt, um Unsicherheiten aufgrund der Partikelform zu vermeiden.

Méthode d'essai pour mesurer l'efficacité des médias de filtration d'air par rapport aux nanomatériaux sphériques - Partie 2: Spectre granulométrique de 3 nm à 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)

Le présent document spécifie les instruments et modes opératoires d'essai pour la détermination de l'efficacité de filtration d'un média filtrant plan par rapport à des nanoparticules en suspension dans l'air dans la plage de 3 nm à 30 nm. Les méthodes d'essai décrites dans le présent document sont limitées à des particules sphériques ou quasi-sphériques afin d'éviter les incertitudes liées à la forme des particules.

Preskusna metoda za merjenje učinkovitosti sredstev za filtriranje zraka, ki vsebuje kroglaste nanomateriale - 2. del: Velikost delcev od 3 nm do 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)

Ta dokument določa preskusne instrumente in postopek za učinkovitost filtracije ploščatih filtrirnih medijev za filtriranje zraka, ki vsebuje kroglaste nanomateriale v obsegu 3–30 nm.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
27-Feb-2019
Publication Date
14-Apr-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
11-Apr-2019
Due Date
16-Jun-2019
Completion Date
15-Apr-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
01-junij-2019
3UHVNXVQDPHWRGD]DPHUMHQMHXþLQNRYLWRVWLVUHGVWHY]DILOWULUDQMH]UDNDNL
YVHEXMHNURJODVWHQDQRPDWHULDOHGHO9HOLNRVWGHOFHYRGQPGRQP
,6276
Test method to measure the efficiency of air filtration media against spherical

nanomaterials - Part 2: Particle size range from 3 nm to 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)

Méthode d'essai pour mesurer l'efficacité des médias de filtration d'air par rapport aux

nanomatériaux sphériques - Partie 2: Spectre granulométrique de 3 nm à 30 nm (ISO/TS

21083-2:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
ICS:
91.140.30 3UH]UDþHYDOQLLQNOLPDWVNL Ventilation and air-
VLVWHPL conditioning systems
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
CEN ISO/TS 21083-2
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
April 2019
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 91.140.30
English Version
Test method to measure the efficiency of air filtration
media against spherical nanomaterials - Part 2: Size range
from 3 nm to 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)
Méthode d'essai pour mesurer l'efficacité des médias
de filtration d'air par rapport aux nanomatériaux
sphériques - Partie 2: Spectre granulométrique de 3
nm à 30 nm (ISO/TS 21083-2:2019)

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 1 April 2019 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 142

"Cleaning equipment for air and other gases" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 195

“Air filters for general air cleaning” the secretariat of which is held by UNI.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/TS 21083-2:2019 has been approved by CEN as CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019 without any

modification.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 21083-2
First edition
2019-03
Test method to measure the efficiency
of air filtration media against
spherical nanomaterials —
Part 2:
Size range from 3 nm to 30 nm
Méthode d'essai pour mesurer l'efficacité des médias de filtration
d'air par rapport aux nanomatériaux sphériques —
Partie 2: Spectre granulométrique de 3 nm à 30 nm
Reference number
ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms............................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2.1 Symbols .................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2.2 Abbreviated terms .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5 Test materials .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Solid phase aerosol — Silver test aerosol as an example ................................................................................... 4

5.3 Solid phase aerosol generation method ............................................................................................................................ 4

6 Test setup ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Specifications of setup ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.1 Aerosol generation system ...................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.2 Tubing ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.3 DEMC .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.4 Equilibrium charge distribution and neutralization of aerosol particles ....................... 9

6.2.5 Neutralization of aerosol particles ................................................................................................................10

6.2.6 Make-up air line .............................................................................................................................................................12

6.2.7 Test filter mounting assembly ...........................................................................................................................12

6.2.8 CPC ............................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.2.9 Final filter ............................................................................................................................................................................15

6.3 Detailed setup for test using silver nanoparticles .................................................................................................15

6.4 Determination of the filter medium velocity .............................................................................................................16

7 Qualification of the test rig and apparatus.............................................................................................................................16

7.1 CPC tests ....................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.1.1 CPC — Air flow rate stability test ...................................................................................................................16

7.1.2 CPC — Zero test .............................................................................................................................................................17

7.1.3 CPC — Overload test ........................................................................................................................................... .......17

7.1.4 Counting accuracy calibration ...........................................................................................................................18

7.2 DEMC tests ...............................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.3 Qualification of aerosol neutralization ............................................................................................................................20

7.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

7.3.2 Qualification of neutralization by checking the multiple charge fraction on

the particles passing through the neutralizer .....................................................................................20

7.3.3 Qualification of the aerosol neutralizer using corona discharge balanced

output .....................................................................................................................................................................................21

7.3.4 Qualification of neutralization according to ISO/TS 19713-1 ...............................................21

7.4 System leak checks ...........................................................................................................................................................................22

7.4.1 Air leakage tests ............................................................................................................................................................22

7.4.2 Visual detection by cold smoke ........................................................................................................................22

7.4.3 Pressurization of the test system ...................................................................................................................22

7.4.4 Use of high efficiency filter media ..................................................................................................................22

7.5 Uniformity of the test aerosol concentration.............................................................................................................22

8 Test procedure .....................................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.1 Determination of the correlation ratio ............................................................................................................................22

8.2 Protocol of filtration efficiency measurement ..........................................................................................................24

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)

8.2.1 Preparatory checks .....................................................................................................................................................24

8.2.2 Equipment preparation ..........................................................................................................................................24

8.2.3 Aerosol generator ........................................................................................................................................................24

8.2.4 Aerosol generator — Neutralizer ...................................................................................................................25

8.2.5 Filter medium neutralization .............................................................................................................................26

8.2.6 Filter medium neutralization according to ISO 29461-1 ...........................................................26

8.2.7 Air flow measurement .............................................................................................................................................28

8.2.8 Measurement of the pressure drop ..............................................................................................................29

8.2.9 Zero count test ................................................................................................................................................................29

8.2.10 Air leakage test ...............................................................................................................................................................29

8.2.11 Loading effect test ........................................................................................................................................................29

8.2.12 Reported values .............................................................................................................................................................29

8.2.13 Measurement of filtration efficiency — Silver nanoparticles ................................................29

8.3 Test evaluation .....................................................................................................................................................................................31

8.4 Measurement protocol for one sample — Summary ..........................................................................................31

8.4.1 Using one CPC to measure the upstream and downstream particle

concentrations ................................................................................................................................................................31

8.4.2 Using two CPCs to measure the upstream and downstream particle

concentrations ................................................................................................................................................................32

9 Maintenance items ..........................................................................................................................................................................................33

10 Measurement uncertainties ..................................................................................................................................................................34

11 Reporting results ..............................................................................................................................................................................................34

11.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................34

11.2 Required reporting elements ..................................................................................................................................................35

11.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................35

11.2.2 Report summary ...........................................................................................................................................................35

11.2.3 Report details ..................................................................................................................................................................36

Annex A (informative) Instruments specifications ............................................................................................................................41

Annex B (informative) Statistical analysis for precision of an experiment (according to

ISO 5725-2) .............................................................................................................................................................................................................44

Annex C (informative) Safety use of IPA .........................................................................................................................................................49

Annex D (informative) Safe handling of radioactive devices ....................................................................................................50

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................51

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical

Committee CEN/TC 195, Air filters for general cleaning, in collaboration with ISO Technical Committee

TC 142, Cleaning equipment for air and other gases, in accordance with the Agreement on technical

cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).
A list of all parts in the ISO 21083 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
Introduction

Nano-objects are discrete piece of material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale

(see ISO/TS 80004-2) and are building blocks of nanomaterials. Nanoparticles, referring to particles

with at least one dimension below 100 nm, generally have a higher mobility than larger particles.

Because of their higher mobility and larger specific surface area, available for surface chemical

reactions, they can pose a more serious health risk than larger particles. Thus, particulate air pollution

with large concentrations of nanoparticles can result in an increased adverse effect on human health

and an increased mortality (see Reference [15]).

With the increased focus on nanomaterials and nanoparticles, the filtration of airborne nanoparticles

is also subject to growing attention. Aerosol filtration can be used in diverse applications, such as air

pollution control, emission reduction, respiratory protection for human and processing of hazardous

materials. The filter efficiency can be determined by measuring the testing particle concentrations

upstream and downstream of the filter. The particle concentration may be based on mass, surface area

or number. Among these, the number concentration is the most sensitive parameter for nanoparticles

measurement. State-of-the-art instruments enable accurate measurement of the particle number

concentration in air and therefore precise fractional filtration efficiency. Understanding filtration

efficiency for nanoparticles is crucial in schemes to remove nanoparticles, and thus, in a wider context,

improve the general quality of the environment, including the working environment.

Filtration testing for nanoparticles, especially those down to single-digit nanometres, is a challenging

task which necessitates generation of a large amount of extremely small particles, and accurate sizing

and quantification of such particles. The thermal rebound remains a question for particles down to

1 nm to 2 nm (see Reference [11]). The accuracy of particle size classification is complicated by very

strong diffusion of particles below 10 nm (see References [7] and [8]). The state-of-the-art commercial

condensation particle counters for general purposes can detect particles down to 1 nm to 2 nm.

A large number of standards for testing air filters exist such as the ISO 29463 and ISO 16890 series.

The test particle range in the ISO 29463 series is between 0,04 µm and 0,8 µm, and the focus is on

measurement of the minimum efficiency at the most penetrating particle size (MPPS). The test particle

range in the ISO 16890 series is between 0,3 µm and 10 µm. The ISO 21083 series aims to standardize

the methods of determining the efficiencies of filter media, of all classes, used in most common air

filtration products and it focuses on filtration efficiency of airborne nanoparticles, especially for

particle size down to single-digit nanometres.

Advances in aerosol instruments and studies on nanoparticle filtration in the recent years provide

a solid base for development of a test method to determine effectiveness of filtration media against

airborne nanoparticles down to 3 nm range.
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 21083-2:2019
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
Test method to measure the efficiency of air filtration
media against spherical nanomaterials —
Part 2:
Size range from 3 nm to 30 nm
1 Scope

This document specifies the testing instruments and procedure for determining the filtration

efficiencies of flat sheet filter media against airborne nanoparticles in the range of 3 nm to 30 nm.

The testing methods in this document are limited to spherical or nearly-spherical particles to avoid

uncertainties due to the particle shape.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5167 (all parts), Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular

cross-section conduits running full

ISO 5725-1, Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement methods and results — Part 1: General

principles and definitions

ISO 5725-2, Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement methods and results — Part 2: Basic method

for the determination of repeatability and reproducibility of a standard measurement method

ISO 15900, Determination of particle size distribution — Differential electrical mobility analysis for aerosol

particles

ISO 27891, Aerosol particle number concentration — Calibration of condensation particle counters

ISO 29464, Cleaning of air and other gases — Terminology
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5167-1, ISO 5725-1, ISO 5725-2,

ISO 15900, ISO 27891, and ISO 29464 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TS 21083-2:2019(E)
3.2 Symbols and abbreviated terms
3.2.1 Symbols
Symbol Definition
A Source strength of the radioactive source
A Original source strength of the radioactive source
A Effective filtration surface area
C Particle concentration upstream of the filter medium

C Concentration of particles with the i monodisperse size upstream of the filter medium

up,i th
C Particle concentration downstream of the filter medium
down
C Concentration of particles with the i monodisperse size dow
...

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