Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

This European Standard specifies requirements and methods of tests for mechanical and physical
properties of toys.
This European Standard applies to toys for children, toys being any product or material designed or
intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children of less than 14 years. It refers to new
toys taking into account the period of foreseeable and normal use, and that the toys are used as
intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.
It includes specific requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months, children under 18
months and for children who are too young to sit up unaided. According to Directive 2009/48/EC
“intended for use by” means that a parent or supervisor shall reasonably be able to assume by virtue of
the functions, dimensions and characteristics of a toy that it is intended for use by children of the stated
age group. Therefore, for the purpose of this European Standard, e.g. soft-filled toys with simple features
intended for holding and cuddling are considered as toys intended for children under 36 months.
NOTE Information relating to the age grading of toys and, in particular, which toys are intended for children
under 36 months and which toys are not, can be found in !Deleted text" CEN/CENELEC Guide 11 and the
European Commission’s Guidance Documents.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for packaging, marking and labelling.
This European Standard does not cover musical instruments, sports equipment or similar items but
does include their toy counterparts.
This European Standard does not apply to the following toys:
— playground equipment intended for public use;
— automatic playing machines, whether coin operated or not, intended for public use;
— toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines (see A.2);
— toy steam engines
— toy slings and toy catapults, supplied without projectiles;
— flying toys incorporating rotor blade(s) which are capable of spinning approximately horizontally,
each blade being greater than 175 mm in length, measured from the centre of rotation to the blade
tip, and with an overall mass of the flying toy greater than 50 g.
Toy slings and toy catapults supplied with projectiles are covered by this standard.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et physiques

Varnost igrač - 1. del: Mehanske in fizikalne lastnosti (z dopolnili do vključno A3)

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in metode preskusov za mehanske in fizikalne lastnosti igrač.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za otroške igrače – pod pojmom igrače se razume kateri koli izdelek ali material, oblikovan za igro ali namenjen, izključno ali ne, igri za otroke, mlajše od 14 let. Nanaša se na obdobje predvidene in običajne rabe novih igrač in na to, da so igrače, ob upoštevanju vedenja otrok, uporabljene v skladu z njihovim namenom in na predviden način.
Vključuje posebne zahteve za igrače, namenjene otrokom, mlajšim od 36 mesecev, otrokom, mlajšim od 18 mesecev, in otrokom, ki so premladi, da bi brez pomoči sedeli pokončno. V skladu z direktivo 2009/48/ES „namenjen za uporabo“ pomeni, da starši ali osebe, ki nadzorujejo otroka, na podlagi funkcij, dimenzij in značilnosti igrače lahko upravičeno sklepajo, da je igrača namenjena za uporabo otrokom določene starostne skupine. Zato so, za potrebe tega evropskega standarda, npr. mehke igrače s preprostimi dodatki, namenjene držanju in objemanju, obravnavane kot igrače, namenjene otrokom, mlajšim od 36 mesecev.
OPOMBA Informacije, povezane z določanjem primernosti igrače za določeno starostno skupino, še zlasti katere igrače so namenjene otrokom, mlajšim od 36 mesecev, in katere niso, so na voljo v vodilu CEN/CENELEC 11 in dokumentih s smernicami Evropske komisije.
Ta evropski standard navaja tudi posebne zahteve za pakiranje, označevanje in etiketiranje.
Ta evropski standard ne zajema glasbil, športne opreme ali podobnih predmetov,
zajema pa te predmete v obliki igrač.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za naslednje igrače:
– opremo za otroška igrišča, namenjeno javni uporabi;
– avtomatične igralne naprave, na kovance ali ne, namenjene javni uporabi;
– vozila kot igrače, opremljena z motorji z zgorevanjem (glejte A.2);
– parne stroje kot igrače;
– otroške frače in katapulte brez izstrelkov;
– leteče igrače z rotorskimi lopaticami, ki se lahko vrtijo približno vodoravno, pri čemer je vsaka lopatica daljša od 175 mm, merjeno od središča rotacije do konice lopatice, s skupno maso leteče igrače večjo od 50 g.
Ta standard se uporablja za otroške frače in katapulte z izstrelki.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Sep-2018
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
22-Jun-2018
Due Date
27-Aug-2018
Completion Date
12-Sep-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-1:2015+A1:2018
01-oktober-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-1:2015

9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO0HKDQVNHLQIL]LNDOQHODVWQRVWL ]GRSROQLOLGRYNOMXþQR$

Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften
Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et physiques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-1:2015+A1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 71-1:2015+A1:2018
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SIST EN 71-1:2015+A1:2018
EN 71-1:2014+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-1:2014
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und

physiques physikalische Eigenschaften

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 October 2014 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 22 January

2018, Amendment 2 approved by CEN on 22 January 2018 and Amendment 3 approved by CEN on 22 January 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-1:2015+A1:2018
EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword .................................................................................................................................................... 10

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 13

1 Scope (see A.2) ............................................................................................................................................ 14

2 Normative references .............................................................................................................................. 16

3 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................................................. 17

4 General requirements .......................................................................................................................... 29

4.1 Material cleanliness (see A.3) ............................................................................................................... 29

4.2 Assembly (see A.4) .................................................................................................................................... 29

4.3 Flexible plastic sheeting (see A.5 and A.16) ..................................................................................... 30

4.4 Toy bags ........................................................................................................................................................ 30

4.5 Glass (see 5.7 and A.6) ............................................................................................................................. 30

4.6 Expanding materials (see A.7) .............................................................................................................. 30

4.7 Edges (see A.8) ............................................................................................................................................ 31

4.8 Points and metallic wires (see A.9) ..................................................................................................... 31

4.9 Protruding parts (see A.10) ................................................................................................................... 32

4.10 Parts moving against each other .......................................................................................................... 32

4.10.1 Folding and sliding mechanisms (see A.11) ..................................................................................... 32

4.10.2 Driving mechanisms (see A.12) ............................................................................................................ 34

4.10.3 Hinges (see A.13) ....................................................................................................................................... 34

4.10.4 Springs (see A.14) ...................................................................................................................................... 34

4.11 Mouth-actuated toys and other toys intended to be put in the mouth (see A.15) ............. 35

4.12 Balloons (see 4.3 and A.16) .................................................................................................................... 35

4.13 Cords of toy kites and other flying toys (see A.17) ........................................................................ 35

4.14 Enclosures .................................................................................................................................................... 36

4.14.1 Toys which a child can enter (see A.18) ............................................................................................ 36

4.14.2 Masks and helmets (see A.19) ............................................................................................................... 36

4.15 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see A.20) ................................................................... 37

4.15.1 Toys propelled by a child or by other means .................................................................................. 37

4.15.2 Toy bicycles (see A.20) ............................................................................................................................ 42

4.15.3 Rocking horses and similar toys (see A.21) ..................................................................................... 42

4.15.4 Toys not propelled by a child ................................................................................................................ 43

4.15.5 Toy scooters (see A.49) ........................................................................................................................... 44

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4.16 Heavy immobile toys................................................................................................................................. 45

4.17 !Projectile toys (see A.22)" ............................................................................................................ 45

4.17.1 !General" .............................................................................................................................................. 45

4.17.2 !All projectiles" .................................................................................................................................. 45

4.17.3 !Projectile toys with stored energy" .......................................................................................... 47

4.17.4 !Certain projectile toys without stored energy".................................................................... 50

4.18 Aquatic toys and inflatable toys (see A.23) ...................................................................................... 52

4.19 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys and toys using percussion caps

(see A.24) ....................................................................................................................................................................... 52

4.20 Acoustics (see A.25) .................................................................................................................................. 53

4.20.1 Exposure categories for time-averaged sound pressure levels ................................................ 53

4.20.2 Emission sound pressure level limits ................................................................................................. 54

4.21 Toys containing a non-electrical heat source .................................................................................. 57

4.22 Small balls (see 5.10 and A.48) ............................................................................................................. 58

4.23 Magnets (see A.51)..................................................................................................................................... 58

4.23.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 58

4.23.2 Toys other than magnetic/electrical experimental sets intended for children

over 8 years ................................................................................................................................................................... 58

4.23.3 Magnetic/electrical experimental sets intended for children over 8 years ......................... 59

4.24 Yo-yo balls (see A.52) ............................................................................................................................... 59

4.25 Toys attached to food (see A.55) .......................................................................................................... 59

4.26 !Toy Disguise Costumes" ................................................................................................................ 59

4.27 !Flying toys (see A.58)" ................................................................................................................... 60

4.27.1 !General" .............................................................................................................................................. 60

4.27.2 !Rotors and propellers on flying toys" ...................................................................................... 60

4.27.3 !Rotors and propellers on remote controlled flying toys" ................................................ 60

5 Toys intended for children under 36 months .................................................................................. 61

5.1 General requirements (see A.26) ......................................................................................................... 61

5.2 Soft-filled toys and soft-filled parts of a toy (see A.27)................................................................. 62

5.3 Plastic sheeting (see A.28) ...................................................................................................................... 63

5.4 !Cords, chains and electrical cables in toys (see A.29)" ...................................................... 63

5.4.1 !General" .............................................................................................................................................. 63

5.4.2 !Cords and chains in toys intended for children under 18 months" .............................. 63

5.4.3 !Cords and chains in toys intended for children of 18 months or over but under

36 months" ................................................................................................................................................................ 65

5.4.4 !Fixed loops, tangled loops and nooses" .................................................................................. 66

5.4.5 !Cords and chains on pull along toys" ....................................................................................... 67

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5.4.6 !Electrical cables" ............................................................................................................................ 67

5.4.7 !Cross-sectional dimension of certain cords .............................................................................. 67

5.4.8 !Self-retracting cords .......................................................................................................................... 67

5.4.9 !Toys attached to or intended to be strung across a cradle, cot or perambulator........ 67

5.5 Liquid-filled toys (see A.30) ................................................................................................................... 67

5.6 Speed limitation of electrically-driven ride-on toys ..................................................................... 67

5.7 Glass and porcelain (see 4.5 and A.6) ................................................................................................. 68

5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (see A.31) .......................................................................................... 68

5.9 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see A.32) .......................................................................... 68

5.10 Small balls (see also 4.22 and A.48) .................................................................................................... 68

5.11 Play figures .................................................................................................................................................. 69

5.12 Hemispheric-shaped toys (see A.50) .................................................................................................. 69

5.13 Suction cups (see A.54) ............................................................................................................................ 72

5.14 Straps intended to be worn fully or partially around the neck (see A.53) ........................... 72

5.15 !Sledges with cords for pulling" .................................................................................................. 72

6 Packaging (see A.56) ................................................................................................................................ 73

7 Warnings, markings and instructions for use (see A.33) ............................................................ 73

7.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 73

7.2 Toys not intended for children under 36 months (see 4.22 and A.34) .................................. 74

7.3 Latex balloons (see 4.12 and A.16) ..................................................................................................... 75

7.4 Aquatic toys (see 4.18 and A.23) .......................................................................................................... 76

7.5 Functional toys (see A.35) ...................................................................................................................... 76

7.6 Hazardous sharp functional edges and points (see 4.7 and 4.8) .............................................. 76

7.7 !Projectile toys (see 4.17.3.1)" .................................................................................................... 76

7.8 Imitation protective masks and helmets (see 4.14.2 and A.19) ............................................... 76

7.9 Toy kites (see 4.13) ................................................................................................................................... 76

7.10 Roller skates, inline skates, skateboards and certain other ride-on toys (see

4.15.1.2 and A.20) ....................................................................................................................................................... 77

7.10.1 Roller skates, inline skates and skateboards .................................................................................. 77

7.10.2 Ride-on toys without a braking device .............................................................................................. 77

7.10.3 Electrically-driven ride-on toys ........................................................................................................... 77

7.10.4 Instructions for use ................................................................................................................................... 77

7.11 !Toys otherwise intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, or perambulator (see

5.4.9.1)" ..................................................................................................................................................................... 78

7.12 Liquid-filled teethers (see 5.5) ............................................................................................................. 78

7.13 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys (see 4.19) ............................................. 78

7.14 Acoustics (see 4.19 and 4.20) ................................................................................................................ 78

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7.15 Toy bicycles (see 4.15.2.2) ...................................................................................................................... 78

7.16 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see 4.15.1.2, 4.15.2.2, 4.15.3 and 4.15.4) ....... 78

7.17 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see 5.9) ............................................................................. 79

7.18 Toy scooters (see 4.15.5.2) ..................................................................................................................... 79

7.19 Rocking horses and similar toys (see 4.15.3 and A.21) ................................................................ 79

7.20 Magnetic/electrical experimental sets (see 4.23.3 and A.51) ................................................... 79

7.21 !Toys with electrical cables exceeding 300 mm in length (see 5.4.6)" ......................... 80

7.22 !Toys with cords or chains intended for children of 18 months and over but

under 36 months (see 5.4.3)" ............................................................................................................................. 80

7.23 !Toys intended to be attached to a cradle, cot or perambulator (see 5.4.9.2)".......... 80

7.24 !Sledges with cords for pulling" .................................................................................................. 80

7.25 !Flying toys (see 4.27)" ................................................................................................................... 80

7.25.1 !Flying toys" ........................................................................................................................................ 80

7.25.2 !Remote controlled flying toys"................................................................................................... 80

7.26 !Improvised projectiles (see 4.17.4)"........................................................................................ 81

8 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................... 81

8.1 General requirements for testing......................................................................................................... 81

8.2 Small parts cylinder (see 4.6, 4.11, 4.18, 4.23.2, 4.23.3, 4.25, 5.1, 5.2 and A.36) ................ 81

8.3 Torque test (see 4.6, 4.11, 4.14.2, 4.17, 4.18, 4.22, 4.23.2, 4.25, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13

and Clause 6) ................................................................................................................................................................ 82

8.4 Tension test (see A.37) ............................................................................................................................. 82

8.4.1 Apparatus ...................................................................................................................................................... 82

8.4.2 Procedure ..................................................................................................................................................... 83

8.5 Drop test (see 4.5, 4.6, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.22, 4.23.2, 4.25, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12 and 5.13) ............. 87

8.6 Tip over test (see 4.10.2, 4.22, 4.23.2, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12 and 5.13) ................................................ 88

8.7 Impact test (see 4.5, 4.6, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.22, 4.23.2, 4.25, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13 and

A.38) 88

8.8 Compression test (see 4.6, 4.14.2, 4.22, 4.23.2, 4.25, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13 and A.39) ........ 88

8.9 Soaking test (see 4.11, 4.23.2, 5.1, 5.10 and 5.12) .......................................................................... 89

8.10 Accessibility of a part or component (see 4.5, 4.7, 4.8, 4.10.2, 4.10.4, 4.15.1.3, 4.21,

5.2 and 5.7) .................................................................................................................................................................... 89

8.10.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................ 89

8.10.2 Apparatus ...................................................................................................................................................... 89

8.10.3 Procedure ..................................................................................................................................................... 89

8.11 Sharpness of edges (see 4.5, 4.7, 4.9, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.15.1.3 and 5.1).................................... 91

8.11.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................ 91

8.11.2 Apparatus ...................................................................................................................................................... 91

8.11.3 Procedure ..................................................................................................................................................... 92

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8.12 Sharpness of points (see 4.5, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.15.1.3, 5.1 and A.40) ....................... 93

8.12.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................ 93

8.12.2 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................... 93

8.12.3 Procedure ..................................................................................................................................................... 95

8.13 Flexibility of metallic wires (see 4.8 and A.41) ............................................................................... 95

8.13.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 95

8.13.2 Metallic wires and other metallic components intended to be bent ...................................... 95

8.13.3 Metallic wires likely to be bent ............................................................................................................. 96

8.14 Expanding materials (see 4.6) .............................................................................................................. 96

8.15 Leakage of liquid-filled toys (see 5.5 and A.42) .............................................................................. 96

8.16 Geometric shape of certain toys (see 5.8, 5.11 and A.43) ........................................................... 96

8.17 Durability of mouth-actuated toys (see 4.11 and A.44) ............................................................... 97

8.17.1 Mouth-actuated projectile toys ............................................................................................................ 97

8.17.2 Other mouth-actuated toys .................................................................................................................... 97

8.18 Folding or sliding mechanisms (see 4.10.1 and A.45) .................................................................. 98

8.18.1 Loads .............................................................................................................................................................. 98

8.18.2 Toy pushchairs and perambulators .................................................................................................... 99

8.18.3 Other collapsible toys (see 4.10.1 c)) ................................................................................................. 99

8.19 Electric resistivity of cords (see 4.13) ................................................................................................ 99

8.20 !Cords cross-sectional dimension (see 5.4.7)" ...................................................................... 99

8.21 Static strength (see 4.15.1.3, 4.15.1.5, 4.15.3, 4.15.4 and A.46) .............................................. 100

8.22 Dynamic strength (see 4.15.1.3) ........................................................................................................ 101

8.22.1 Principle ...................................................................................................................................................... 101

8.22.2 Loads ............................................................................................................................................................ 101

8.22.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................................................... 102

8.23 Stability ....................................................................................................................................................... 104

8.23.1 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see 4.15.1.4, 4.15.3 and 4.15.4) ...................... 104

8.23.2 Heavy immobile toys (see 4.16) ......................................................................................................... 104

8.24 !Kinetic energy of projectiles (see 4.17.3.1, 4.17.4.2)" ..................................................... 105

8.24.1 !Principle" ......................................................................................................................................... 105

8.24.2 !Apparatus" ...................................................................................................................................... 105

8.24.3 !Procedure" ...................................................................................................................................... 105

8.25 Plastic sheeting ......................................................................................................................................... 108

8.25.1 Thickness (see 4.3, 5.3 and Clause 6) ............................................................................................... 108

8.25.2 Adhesion (see 5.3) ................................................................................................................................... 108

8.26 Brake performance ................................................................................................................................. 108

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8.26.1 Brake performance for certain ride-on toys (see 4.15.1.5) ..................................................... 108

8.26.2 Brake performance for toy bicycles (see 4.15.2.3) ..................................................................... 109

8.26.3 Brake performance for toy scooters (see 4.15.5.5) .................................................................... 109

8.27 Strength of toy scooter steering tubes (see 4.15.5.3) ................................................................ 110

8.27.1 Resistance to downward forces .......................................................................................

...

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