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This document specifies the procedure for the assessment of medical devices and their constituent materials with regard to their potential to produce irritation by using an in vitro reconstructed human epidermis model.

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This document specifies:
— the general principles governing the biological evaluation of medical devices within a risk
management process;
— the general categorization of medical devices based on the nature and duration of their contact with
the body;
— the evaluation of existing relevant data from all sources;
— the identification of gaps in the available data set on the basis of a risk analysis;
— the identification of additional data sets necessary to analyse the biological safety of the medical
device;
— the assessment of the biological safety of the medical device.
This document applies to evaluation of materials and medical devices that are expected to have direct
or indirect contact with:
— the patient's body during intended use;
— the user’s body, if the medical device is intended for protection (e.g., surgical gloves, masks and
others).
This document is applicable to biological evaluation of all types of medical devices including active,
non-active, implantable and non-implantable medical devices.
This document also gives guidelines for the assessment of biological hazards arising from:
— risks, such as changes to the medical device over time, as a part of the overall biological safety
assessment;
— breakage of a medical device or medical device component which exposes body tissue to new or
novel materials.
Other parts of ISO 10993 cover specific aspects of biological assessments and related tests. Devicespecific
or product standards address mechanical testing.
This document excludes hazards related to bacteria, moulds, yeasts, viruses, transmissible spongiform
encephalopathy (TSE) agents and other pathogens.

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This document specifies a framework for the identification, and if necessary, quantification of
constituents of a medical device, allowing the identification of biological hazards and the estimation
and control of biological risks from material constituents, using a generally stepwise approach to the
chemical characterization which can include one or more of the following:
— the identification of its materials of construction (medical device configuration);
— the characterization of the materials of construction via the identification and quantification of
their chemical constituents (material composition);
— the characterization of the medical device for chemical substances that were introduced during
manufacturing (e.g. mould release agents, process contaminants, sterilization residues);
— the estimation (using laboratory extraction conditions) of the potential of the medical device,
or its materials of construction, to release chemical substances under clinical use conditions
(extractables);
— the measurement of chemical substances released from a medical device under its clinical conditions
of use (leachables).
This document can also be used for chemical characterization (e.g. the identification and/or
quantification) of degradation products. Information on other aspects of degradation assessment are
covered in ISO 10993-9, ISO 10993-13, ISO 10993-14 and ISO 10993-15.
The ISO 10993 series is applicable when the material or medical device has direct or indirect body
contact (see ISO 10993-1 for categorization by nature of body contact).
This document is intended for suppliers of materials and manufacturers of medical devices, to support
a biological evaluation.

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This document addresses good clinical practice for the design, conduct, recording and reporting of
clinical investigations carried out in human subjects to assess the clinical performance or effectiveness
and safety of medical devices.
For post-market clinical investigations, the principles set forth in this document are intended to be
followed as far as relevant, considering the nature of the clinical investigation (see Annex I).
This document specifies general requirements intended to
— protect the rights, safety and well-being of human subjects,
— ensure the scientific conduct of the clinical investigation and the credibility of the clinical
investigation results,
— define the responsibilities of the sponsor and principal investigator, and
— assist sponsors, investigators, ethics committees, regulatory authorities and other bodies involved
in the conformity assessment of medical devices.
NOTE 1 Users of this document need to consider whether other standards and/or national requirements
also apply to the investigational device(s) under consideration or the clinical investigation. If differences in
requirements exist, the most stringent apply.
NOTE 2 For Software as a Medical Device (SaMD) demonstration of the analytical validity (the SaMD’s output
is accurate for a given input), and where appropriate, the scientific validity (the SaMD’s output is associated to the
intended clinical condition/physiological state), and clinical performance (the SaMD’s output yields a clinically
meaningful association to the target use) of the SaMD, the requirements of this document apply as far as relevant
(see Reference [4]). Justifications for exemptions from this document can consider the uniqueness of indirect
contact between subjects and the SaMD.
This document does not apply to in vitro diagnostic medical devices. However, there can be situations,
dependent on the device and national or regional requirements, where users of this document might
consider whether specific sections and/or requirements of this document could be applicable.

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EN-ISO 11737-2 specifies the general criteria for tests of sterility on medical devices that have been exposed to a treatment with the sterilizing agent which has been reduced relative to that anticipated to be used in routine sterilization processing. These tests are intended to be performed when defining, validating or maintaining a sterilization process. This document is not applicable to: a) sterility testing for routine release of product that has been subjected to a sterilization process, b) performing a test for sterility. c) test of sterility or test for sterility for demonstration of product shelf life, stability and/or package integrity, and d) culturing of biological indicators or inoculated products.

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This document specifies terminology, principles and a process for risk management of medical devices,
including software as a medical device and in vitro diagnostic medical devices. The process described in
this document intends to assist manufacturers of medical devices to identify the hazards associated with
the medical device, to estimate and evaluate the associated risks, to control these risks, and to monitor
the effectiveness of the controls.
The requirements of this document are applicable to all phases of the life cycle of a medical device. The
process described in this document applies to risks associated with a medical device, such as risks related
to biocompatibility, data and systems security, electricity, moving parts, radiation, and usability.
The process described in this document can also be applied to products that are not necessarily medical
devices in some jurisdictions and can also be used by others involved in the medical device life cycle.
This document does not apply to:
— decisions on the use of a medical device in the context of any particular clinical procedure; or
— business risk management.
This document requires manufacturers to establish objective criteria for risk acceptability but does not
specify acceptable risk levels.
Risk management can be an integral part of a quality management system. However, this document does
not require the manufacturer to have a quality management system in place.
NOTE Guidance on the application of this document can be found in ISO/TR 24971[9].

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for materials, preformed sterile barrier systems, sterile barrier systems and packaging systems that are intended to maintain sterility of terminally sterilized medical devices until the point of use. It is applicable to industry, to health care facilities, and to wherever medical devices are placed in sterile barrier systems and sterilized. It does not cover all requirements for sterile barrier systems and packaging systems for medical devices that are manufactured aseptically. Additional requirements can be necessary for drug/device combinations. It does not describe a quality assurance system for control of all stages of manufacture. It does not apply to packaging materials and/or systems used to contain a contaminated medical device during transportation of the item to the site of reprocessing or disposal.

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This document specifies requirements for thedevelopment and validation of processes for packaging medical devices that areterminally sterilized. These processes include forming, sealing and assembly ofpreformed sterile barrier systems, sterile barrier systems and packagingsystems. It is applicable to industry, to health care facilities, and towherever medical devices are packaged and sterilized. It does not cover allrequirements for packaging medical devices that are manufactured aseptically.Additional requirements can be necessary for drug/device combinations   .

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This document specifies requirements for the development and validation of processes for packaging medical devices that are terminally sterilized. These processes include forming, sealing and assembly of preformed sterile barrier systems, sterile barrier systems and packaging systems.
It is applicable to industry, to health care facilities, and to wherever medical devices are packaged and sterilized.
It does not cover all requirements for packaging medical devices that are manufactured aseptically. Additional requirements can be necessary for drug/device combinations.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for materials, preformed sterile barrier systems, sterile barrier systems and packaging systems that are intended to maintain sterility of terminally sterilized medical devices until the point of use.
It is applicable to industry, to health care facilities, and to wherever medical devices are placed in sterile barrier systems and sterilized.
It does not cover all requirements for sterile barrier systems and packaging systems for medical devices that are manufactured aseptically. Additional requirements can be necessary for drug/device combinations.
It does not describe a quality assurance system for control of all stages of manufacture.
It does not apply to packaging materials and/or systems used to contain a contaminated medical device during transportation of the item to the site of reprocessing or disposal.

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20191119 - Negative assessment addressed through BT decision C168/2019 (SV)
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This Standard specifies requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a low temperature steam and formaldehyde (LTSF) sterilization process for medical devices using a mixture of low temperature steam and formaldehyde as sterilizing agent and which operates below ambient pressure. This document is intended to be applied by process developers, manufacturers of sterilization equipment, manufacturers of medical devices to be sterilized and the organizations with responsibility for sterilizing medical devices (see ISO 14937:2009, Table E.1).

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20191119 - Negative assessment addressed through BT decision C168/2019 (SV)
2019-03-07-JO-  under HAS assessment at PUB stage. E&Y Report was due on 03 March 2019. Awaiting for assessement report from E&Y.
2018-10-17 - TAN : Lack of compliance

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This document specifies terminology, principles and a process for risk management of medical devices, including software as a medical device and in vitro diagnostic medical devices. The process described in this document intends to assist manufacturers of medical devices to identify the hazards associated with the medical device, to estimate and evaluate the associated risks, to control these risks, and to monitor the effectiveness of the controls.
The requirements of this document are applicable to all phases of the life cycle of a medical device. The process described in this document applies to risks associated with a medical device, such as risks related to biocompatibility, data and systems security, electricity, moving parts, radiation, and usability.
The process described in this document can also be applied to products that are not necessarily medical devices in some jurisdictions and can also be used by others involved in the medical device life cycle.
This document does not apply to:
— decisions on the use of a medical device in the context of any particular clinical procedure; or
— business risk management.
This document requires manufacturers to establish objective criteria for risk acceptability but does not specify acceptable risk levels.
Risk management can be an integral part of a quality management system. However, this document does not require the manufacturer to have a quality management system in place.
NOTE Guidance on the application of this document can be found in ISO/TR 24971[9].

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20191119 - Negative assessment addressed through BT decision C168/2019 (SV)
2019-03-07-JO-  under HAS assessment at PUB stage. E&Y Report was due on 03 March 2019. Awaiting for assessement report from E&Y.
2018-10-17 - TAN : Lack of compliance

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20191119 - Negative assessment addressed through BT decision C168/2019 (SV)
2019-03-07-JO-  under HAS assessment at PUB stage. E&Y Report was due on 03 March 2019- Awaiting for  the assessment report E&Y Report

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1.1 Inclusions
1.1.1 This document specifies requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a low temperature steam and formaldehyde (LTSF) sterilization process for medical devices using a mixture of low temperature steam and formaldehyde as sterilizing agent and which operates below ambient pressure.
NOTE Although the scope of this document is limited to medical devices, it specifies requirements and provides guidance that can be applicable to other products and equipment.
1.1.2 This document is intended to be applied by process developers, manufacturers of sterilization equipment, manufacturers of medical devices to be sterilized and the organizations with responsibility for sterilizing medical devices (see ISO 14937:2009, Table E.1).
1.2 Exclusions
1.2.1 This document does not specify requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a process for inactivating the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Specific recommendations have been produced in particular countries for the processing of materials potentially contaminated with these agents.
NOTE See ISO 22442‑1, ISO 22442‑2 and ISO 22442‑3.
1.2.2 This document does not specify requirements for designating a medical device as "STERILE". Such requirements are given in EN 556‑1.
1.2.3 This document does not specify a quality management system for the control of all stages of production of medical devices.
NOTE It is not a requirement of this document to have a complete quality management system during manufacture or reprocessing, but those elements of such a system that are required are normatively referenced at appropriate places in the text. Attention is drawn to the standards for quality management systems (see ISO 13485) that control all stages of production or reprocessing of medical devices including the sterilization process. Further guidance is given in E.4 of ISO 14937:2009.
1.2.4 This document does not specify requirements for occupational safety associated with the design and operation of LTSF sterilization facilities.
NOTE 1 Safety requirements for sterilizers are specified in IEC 61010‑2‑040.
NOTE 2 Attention is also drawn to the existence in some countries of regulations stipulating safety requirements.
1.2.5 This document does not cover analytical methods for determining levels or residues of formaldehyde and/or its reaction products.
NOTE 1 Attention is drawn to EN 14180.
NOTE 2 Attention is drawn to the possible existence in some countries of statutory regulations specifying limits for the level of formaldehyde residues on medical devices and products.
1.2.6 This document does not cover preparatory measures that might be necessary before sterilization such as cleaning, disinfection and packing.
NOTE For reprocessable medical devices, the manufacturer(s) of these devices can supply information on the preparatory measures (see ISO 17664).

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This part of ISO 10993 describes the procedure for the assessment of medical devices and their constituent
materials with regard to their potential to produce irritation and skin sensitization.
This part of ISO 10993 includes:
a) pretest considerations for irritation, including in silico and in vitro methods for dermal exposure;
b) details of in vivo (irritation and sensitization) test procedures;
c) key factors for the interpretation of the results.
Instructions are given in Annex A for the preparation of materials specifically in relation to the above tests. In
Annex B several special irritation tests are described for application of medical devices in areas other than skin.

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This document specifies:
— the general principles governing the biological evaluation of medical devices within a risk management process;
— the general categorization of medical devices based on the nature and duration of their contact with the body;
— the evaluation of existing relevant data from all sources;
— the identification of gaps in the available data set on the basis of a risk analysis;
— the identification of additional data sets necessary to analyse the biological safety of the medical device;
— the assessment of the biological safety of the medical device.
This document applies to evaluation of materials and medical devices that are expected to have direct or indirect contact with:
— the patient's body during intended use;
— the user's body, if the medical device is intended for protection (e.g., surgical gloves, masks and others).
This document is applicable to biological evaluation of all types of medical devices including active, non-active, implantable and non-implantable medical devices.
This document also gives guidelines for the assessment of biological hazards arising from:
— risks, such as changes to the medical device over time, as a part of the overall biological safety assessment;
— breakage of a medical device or medical device component which exposes body tissue to new or novel materials.
Other parts of ISO 10993 cover specific aspects of biological assessments and related tests. Device-specific or product standards address mechanical testing.
This document excludes hazards related to bacteria, moulds, yeasts, viruses, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) agents and other pathogens.

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This document specifies requirements for sterilizing filtration as part of aseptic processing of health
care products conducted in accordance with ISO 13408-1. It also offers guidance to filter users
concerning general requirements for set-up, validation and routine operation of a sterilizing filtration
process.
This document is not applicable to removal of viruses.
Sterilizing filtration is not applicable to fluids that intentionally contain particles larger than the pore
size of the filter (e.g. bacterial whole-cell vaccines).
This document is not applicable to high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters.
This document does not specify requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a
process for removing the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies such as scrapie, bovine
spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Specific recommendations have been produced
in particular countries for the processing of materials potentially contaminated with these agents.

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ISO 10993-11:2017 specifies requirements and gives guidance on procedures to be followed in the evaluation of the potential for medical device materials to cause adverse systemic reactions.

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CCMC - creation of a 2nd corrigendum as the instructions in the 1st corrigendum were incomplete and unclear

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CCMC - creation of a 2nd corrigendum as the instructions in the 1st corrigendum were incomplete and unclear

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ISO 13408-2:2018 specifies requirements for sterilizing filtration as part of aseptic processing of health care products conducted in accordance with ISO 13408‑1. It also offers guidance to filter users concerning general requirements for set-up, validation and routine operation of a sterilizing filtration process.
ISO 13408-2:2018 is not applicable to removal of viruses.
Sterilizing filtration is not applicable to fluids that intentionally contain particles larger than the pore size of the filter (e.g. bacterial whole-cell vaccines).
ISO 13408-2:2018 is not applicable to high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters.
ISO 13408-2:2018 does not specify requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a process for removing the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Specific recommendations have been produced in particular countries for the processing of materials potentially contaminated with these agents.

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This document specifies requirements and provides guidance on the enumeration and microbial
characterization of the population of viable microorganisms on or in a health care product, component,
raw material or package.
NOTE 1 The nature and extent of microbial characterization is dependent on the intended use of bioburden data.
NOTE 2 See Annex A for guidance on Clauses 1 to 9.
This document does not apply to the enumeration or identification of viral, prion or protozoan
contaminants. This includes the removal and detection of the causative agents of spongiform
encephalopathies, such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
NOTE 3 Guidance on inactivating viruses and prions can be found in ISO 22442-3, ICH Q5A(R1) and ISO 13022.
This document does not apply to the microbiological monitoring of the environment in which health
care products are manufactured.

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ISO 11737-1:2018 specifies requirements and provides guidance on the enumeration and microbial characterization of the population of viable microorganisms on or in a health care product, component, raw material or package.
NOTE 1 The nature and extent of microbial characterization is dependent on the intended use of bioburden data.
NOTE 2 See Annex A for guidance on Clauses 1 to 9.
ISO 11737-1:2018 does not apply to the enumeration or identification of viral, prion or protozoan contaminants. This includes the removal and detection of the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies, such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
NOTE 3 Guidance on inactivating viruses and prions can be found in ISO 22442‑3, ICH Q5A(R1) and ISO 13022.
ISO 11737-1:2018 does not apply to the microbiological monitoring of the environment in which health care products are manufactured.

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This document provides principles on designing and performing toxicokinetic studies relevant to
medical devices. Annex A describes the considerations for inclusion of toxicokinetic studies in the
biological evaluation of medical devices.

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ISO 10993-4:2017 specifies general requirements for evaluating the interactions of medical devices with blood.
It describes
a) a classification of medical devices that are intended for use in contact with blood, based on the intended use and duration of contact as defined in ISO 10993‑1,
b) the fundamental principles governing the evaluation of the interaction of devices with blood,
c) the rationale for structured selection of tests according to specific categories, together with the principles and scientific basis of these tests.
Detailed requirements for testing cannot be specified because of limitations in the knowledge and precision of tests for evaluating interactions of devices with blood. This document describes biological evaluation in general terms and may not necessarily provide sufficient guidance for test methods for a specific device.
The changes in this document do not indicate that testing conducted according to prior versions of this document is invalid. For marketed devices with a history of safe clinical use, additional testing according to this revision is not recommended.

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ISO 10993-16:2017 provides principles on designing and performing toxicokinetic studies relevant to medical devices. Annex A describes the considerations for inclusion of toxicokinetic studies in the biological evaluation of medical devices.

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ISO 10993-4:2017 specifies general requirements for evaluating the interactions of medical devices with blood.
It describes
a) a classification of medical devices that are intended for use in contact with blood, based on the intended use and duration of contact as defined in ISO 10993‑1,
b) the fundamental principles governing the evaluation of the interaction of devices with blood,
c) the rationale for structured selection of tests according to specific categories, together with the principles and scientific basis of these tests.
Detailed requirements for testing cannot be specified because of limitations in the knowledge and precision of tests for evaluating interactions of devices with blood. This document describes biological evaluation in general terms and may not necessarily provide sufficient guidance for test methods for a specific device.
The changes in this document do not indicate that testing conducted according to prior versions of this document is invalid. For marketed devices with a history of safe clinical use, additional testing according to this revision is not recommended.

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IEC 82304-1:2016 applies to the safety and security of health software products designed to operate on general computing platforms and intended to be placed on the market without dedicated hardware, and its primary focus is on the requirements for manufacturers. It covers the entire lifecycle including design, development, validation, installation, maintenance, and disposal of health software products.

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This document specifies general requirements for production, labelling, test methods and performance
characteristics of biological indicators, including inoculated carriers and suspensions, and their
components, to be used in the validation and routine monitoring of sterilization processes.
This document specifies basic and common requirements that are applicable to all parts of ISO 11138.
Requirements for biological indicators for particular specified processes are provided in the relevant
parts of ISO 11138. If no specific subsequent part is provided, this document applies.
NOTE National or regional regulations can apply.
This document does not apply to microbiological test systems for processes that rely on physical removal
of microorganisms, e.g. filtration processes or processes that combine physical and/or mechanical
removal with microbiological inactivation, such as use of washer disinfectors or flushing and steaming
of pipelines. This document, however, can contain elements relevant to such microbiological test
systems.

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This document specifies requirements for test organisms, suspensions, inoculated carriers, biological
indicators and test methods intended for use in assessing the performance of sterilization processes
employing moist heat as the sterilizing agent.
NOTE 1 Requirements for validation and control of moist heat sterilization processes are provided by the
ISO 17665 series.
NOTE 2 National or regional regulations can provide requirements for work place safety.

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ISO 11138-2:2017 specifies requirements for test organisms, suspensions, inoculated carriers, biological indicators and test methods intended for use in assessing the performance of sterilizers and sterilization processes employing ethylene oxide gas as the sterilizing agent, either as pure ethylene oxide gas or mixtures of this gas with diluent gases, at sterilizing temperatures within the range of 29 °C to 65 °C.
NOTE 1 Requirements for validation and control of ethylene oxide sterilization processes are provided by ISO 11135 and ISO 14937.
NOTE 2 National or regional regulations can provide requirements for work place safety.

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ISO 11138-2:2017 specifies requirements for test organisms, suspensions, inoculated carriers, biological indicators and test methods intended for use in assessing the performance of sterilizers and sterilization processes employing ethylene oxide gas as the sterilizing agent, either as pure ethylene oxide gas or mixtures of this gas with diluent gases, at sterilizing temperatures within the range of 29 °C to 65 °C.
NOTE 1 Requirements for validation and control of ethylene oxide sterilization processes are provided by ISO 11135 and ISO 14937.
NOTE 2 National or regional regulations can provide requirements for work place safety.

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ISO 11138-1:2017 specifies general requirements for production, labelling, test methods and performance characteristics of biological indicators, including inoculated carriers and suspensions, and their components, to be used in the validation and routine monitoring of sterilization processes.
ISO 11138-1:2017 specifies basic and common requirements that are applicable to all parts of ISO 11138. Requirements for biological indicators for particular specified processes are provided in the relevant parts of ISO 11138. If no specific subsequent part is provided, this document applies.
NOTE National or regional regulations can apply.
ISO 11138-1:2017 does not apply to microbiological test systems for processes that rely on physical removal of microorganisms, e.g. filtration processes or processes that combine physical and/or mechanical removal with microbiological inactivation, such as use of washer disinfectors or flushing and steaming of pipelines. This document, however, can contain elements relevant to such microbiological test systems.

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ISO 11138-3:2017 specifies requirements for test organisms, suspensions, inoculated carriers, biological indicators and test methods intended for use in assessing the performance of sterilization processes employing moist heat as the sterilizing agent.
NOTE 1 Requirements for validation and control of moist heat sterilization processes are provided by the ISO 17665 series.
NOTE 2 National or regional regulations can provide requirements for work place safety.

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This document identifies requirements for symbols used in medical device labelling that convey
information on the safe and effective use of medical devices. It also lists symbols that satisfy the
requirements of this document.
This document is applicable to symbols used in a broad spectrum of medical devices, which are
marketed globally and therefore need to meet different regulatory requirements.
These symbols may be used on the medical device itself, on its packaging or in the associated
documentation. The requirements of this document are not intended to apply to symbols specified in
other standards.

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This part of ISO 10993 specifies test methods for the assessment of the local effects after implantation
of biomaterials intended for use in medical devices.
This part of ISO 10993 applies to materials that are
— solid and non-absorbable,
— non-solid, such as porous materials, liquids, gels, pastes, and particulates, and
— degradable and/or absorbable, which may be solid or non-solid.
The test sample is implanted into a site and animal species appropriate for the evaluation of the
biological safety of the material. These implantation tests are not intended to evaluate or determine the
performance of the test sample in terms of mechanical or functional loading. This part of ISO 10993 can
also be applied to medical devices that are intended to be used topically in clinical indications where
the surface or lining might have been breached, in order to evaluate local tissue responses.
The local effects are evaluated by a comparison of the tissue response caused by a test sample to that
caused by control materials used in medical devices whose clinical acceptability and biocompatibility
characteristics have been established. The objective of the test methods is to characterize the history
and evolution of the tissue response after implantation of a medical device/biomaterial including
final integration or absorption/degradation of the material. In particular for degradable/absorbable
materials, the degradation characteristics of the material and the resulting tissue response should be
determined.
This part of ISO 10993 does not deal with systemic toxicity, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity or
mutagenicity. However, the long-term implantation studies intended for evaluation of local biological
effects might provide insight into some of these properties. Systemic toxicity studies conducted by
implantation might satisfy the requirements of this part of ISO 10993. When conducting combined
studies for evaluating local effects and systemic effects, the requirements of both standards is to be
fulfilled.

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ISO 10993-6:2016 specifies test methods for the assessment of the local effects after implantation of biomaterials intended for use in medical devices.
ISO 10993-6:2016 applies to materials that are
- solid and non-absorbable,
- non-solid, such as porous materials, liquids, gels, pastes, and particulates, and
- degradable and/or absorbable, which may be solid or non-solid.
The test sample is implanted into a site and animal species appropriate for the evaluation of the biological safety of the material. These implantation tests are not intended to evaluate or determine the performance of the test sample in terms of mechanical or functional loading. This part of ISO 10993 can also be applied to medical devices that are intended to be used topically in clinical indications where the surface or lining might have been breached, in order to evaluate local tissue responses.
The local effects are evaluated by a comparison of the tissue response caused by a test sample to that caused by control materials used in medical devices whose clinical acceptability and biocompatibility characteristics have been established. The objective of the test methods is to characterize the history and evolution of the tissue response after implantation of a medical device/biomaterial including final integration or absorption/degradation of the material. In particular for degradable/absorbable materials, the degradation characteristics of the material and the resulting tissue response should be determined.
ISO 10993-6:2016 does not deal with systemic toxicity, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity or mutagenicity. However, the long-term implantation studies intended for evaluation of local biological effects might provide insight into some of these properties. Systemic toxicity studies conducted by implantation might satisfy the requirements of this part of ISO 10993. When conducting combined studies for evaluating local effects and systemic effects, the requirements of both standards is to be fulfilled.

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ISO 15223-1:2016 identifies requirements for symbols used in medical device labelling that convey information on the safe and effective use of medical devices. It also lists symbols that satisfy the requirements of this document.
ISO 15223-1:2016 is applicable to symbols used in a broad spectrum of medical devices, which are marketed globally and therefore need to meet different regulatory requirements.
These symbols may be used on the medical device itself, on its packaging or in the associated documentation. The requirements of this document are not intended to apply to symbols specified in other standards.

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EN ISO 13485 specifies requirements for a quality management system where an organization needs to demonstrate its ability to provide medical devices and related services that consistently meet customer and applicable regulatory requirements. Such organizations can be involved in one or more stages of the life-cycle, including design and development, production, storage and distribution, installation, or servicing of a medical device and design and development or provision of associated activities (e.g. technical support). This International Standard can also be used by suppliers or external parties that provide product, including quality management system-related services to such organizations. Requirements of this International Standard are applicable to organizations regardless of their size and regardless of their type except where explicitly stated. Wherever requirements are specified as applying to medical devices, the requirements apply equally to associated services as supplied by the organization. The processes required by this International Standard that are applicable to the organization, but are not performed by the organization, are the responsibility of the organization and are accounted for in the organization’s quality management system by monitoring, maintaining, and controlling the processes. If applicable regulatory requirements permit exclusions of design and development controls, this can be used as a justification for their exclusion from the quality management system. These regulatory requirements can provide alternative approaches that are to be addressed in the quality management system. It is the responsibility of the organization to ensure that claims of conformity to this International Standard reflect any exclusion of design and development controls. If any requirement in Clauses 6, 7 or 8 of this International Standard is not applicable due to the activities undertaken by the organization or the nature of the medical device for which the quality management system is applied, the organization does not need to include such a requirement in its quality management system. For any clause that is determined to be not applicable, the organization records the justification as described in 4.2.2.

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ISO 13485:2016 specifies requirements for a quality management system where an organization needs to demonstrate its ability to provide medical devices and related services that consistently meet customer and applicable regulatory requirements. Such organizations can be involved in one or more stages of the life-cycle, including design and development, production, storage and distribution, installation, or servicing of a medical device and design and development or provision of associated activities (e.g. technical support). ISO 13485:2016 can also be used by suppliers or external parties that provide product, including quality management system-related services to such organizations.
Requirements of ISO 13485:2016 are applicable to organizations regardless of their size and regardless of their type except where explicitly stated. Wherever requirements are specified as applying to medical devices, the requirements apply equally to associated services as supplied by the organization.
The processes required by ISO 13485:2016 that are applicable to the organization, but are not performed by the organization, are the responsibility of the organization and are accounted for in the organization's quality management system by monitoring, maintaining, and controlling the processes.
If applicable regulatory requirements permit exclusions of design and development controls, this can be used as a justification for their exclusion from the quality management system. These regulatory requirements can provide alternative approaches that are to be addressed in the quality management system. It is the responsibility of the organization to ensure that claims of conformity to ISO 13485:2016 reflect any exclusion of design and development controls.
If any requirement in Clauses 6, 7 or 8 of ISO 13485:2016 is not applicable due to the activities undertaken by the organization or the nature of the medical device for which the quality management system is applied, the organization does not need to include such a requirement in its quality management system. For any clause that is determined to be not applicable, the organization records the justification as described in 4.2.2.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for an aseptically processed medical device to be designated 'STERILE'.
NOTE    For the purpose of the EU Directive(s) for medical devices (see Bibliography), designating that a medical device is 'STERILE' is permissible when a validated manufacturing and sterilization process has been applied. Requirements for validation and routine control of aseptic processes are specified in EN ISO 13408-1. Specific requirements for the aseptic processing of solid medical devices and combination products are specified in EN ISO 13408-7 (in preparation).

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This part of ISO 13408 specifies requirements and provides guidance on alternative approaches to process
simulations for the qualification of the aseptic processing of medical devices and combination products that cannot
be terminally sterilized and where the process simulation approach according to ISO 13408-1 cannot be applied.
This part of ISO 13408 describes how risk assessment can be used during the development of an aseptic
process to design a process simulation study for medical devices and combination products in those cases
where a straightforward substitution of media for product during aseptic processing is not feasible or would not
simulate the actual aseptic process.

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This part of EN 45502 specifies requirements that are generally applicable to ACTIVE IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL
DEVICES.
NOTE 1 For particular types of ACTIVE IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES, these general requirements are supplemented or
modified by the requirements of particular standards which form additional parts of this European Standard.
The tests that are specified in EN 45502 are type tests and are to be carried out on samples of an ACTIVE
IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE to show compliance.
This part of EN 45502 is applicable not only to ACTIVE IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES that are electrically
powered but also to those powered by other energy sources (for example by gas pressure or by springs).
This part of EN 45502 is also applicable to some non-implantable parts and accessories of the ACTIVE
IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES.
NOTE 2 The device that is commonly referred to as an ACTIVE IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE can be a single device, a
combination of devices, or a combination of a device or devices and one or more accessories. Not all of these parts are
required to be either partially or totally implantable, but there is a need to specify some requirements of non-implantable
parts and accessories if they could affect the safety or performance of the implantable device.
NOTE 3 In this part of EN 45502, terms printed in small capital letters are used as defined in Clause 3. Where a defined
term is used as a qualifier in another term, it is not printed in small capital letters unless the concept thus qualified is also
defined.

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