Fire extinguishing media - Foam concentrates - Part 1: Specification for medium expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids

This European Standard specifies requirements for chemical and physical properties, and minimum performance requirements of medium expansion foams suitable for surface application to water-immiscible liquids. Requirements are also given for marking.
WARNING - Any type approval according to this standard is invalidated by any change in composition of the approved product.
Some concentrates conforming to this part of EN 1568 can also conform to other parts and therefore can also be suitable for application as low and/or high expansion foams.

Feuerlöschmittel - Schaummittel - Teil 1: Anforderungen an Schaummittel zur Erzeugung von Mittelschaum zum Aufgeben auf mit Wasser nicht mischbaren Flüssigkeiten

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an chemische und physikalische Eigenschaften und Mindestanforderungen an die Leistungsfähigkeit von Mittelschäumen fest, die für die Aufgabe auf mit Wasser nicht mischbare Flüssigkeiten geeignet sind. Anforderungen an die Kennzeichnung sind ebenfalls festgelegt.
WARNUNG - JEDER TYP-PRÜFBESCHEID NACH DIESER NORM WIRD BEI ÄNDERUNG DER ZUSAMMENSETZUNG DES GEPRÜFTEN PRODUKTES UNGÜLTIG.
Einige diesem Teil von EN 1568 entsprechende Schaummittel können auch mit den anderen Teilen übereinstimmen und deshalb auch für die Anwendung als Schwer  und/oder Leichtschäume geeignet sein.

Agents extincteurs - Émulseurs - Partie 1 : Spécifications pour les émulseurs moyen foisonnement destinés à une application à la surface de liquides n’ayant pas d’affinité pour l’eau

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences en matière de propriétés chimiques, physiques et de performances minimales des émulseurs moyen foisonnement convenant à une application à la surface de liquides n’ayant pas d’affinité pour l’eau. Des exigences concernant les marquages sont également fournies.
AVERTISSEMENT - Toute homologation de type conforme à la présente norme est invalidée dès lors qu’une modification est apportée à la composition du produit homologué.
Il se peut que certains émulseurs conformes à la présente partie de l’EN 1568 soient également conformes à d’autres parties de cette série de normes et qu’ils conviennent donc à une application comme émulseurs bas et/ou haut foisonnement.

Gasila - Penila - 1. del: Specifikacija za penila za srednjo peno za površinsko uporabo pri tekočinah, netopnih v vodi

V tem osnutku evropskega standarda so določene zahteve glede kemijskih in fizikalnih lastnosti ter minimalne zahteve glede delovanja srednjeekspanzijskih pen, primernih za površinsko uporabo pri tekočinah, ki se ne mešajo z vodo. Navedene so tudi zahteve za označevanje.
Tipsko odobritev morajo izvesti neodvisni laboratoriji tretjih oseb.
OPOZORILO: Vsakršna tipska odobritev v skladu s tem standardom je neveljavna, če pride do kakršne koli spremembe v sestavi odobrenega izdelka.
OPOMBA   Nekateri koncentrati, ki so skladni s tem delom standarda EN 1568, so lahko skladni tudi z drugimi deli in so zato lahko primerni za uporabo kot nizko- in/ali visokoekspanzijske pene.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Feb-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
28-Feb-2018
Completion Date
28-Feb-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Feuerlöschmittel - Schaummittel - Teil 1: Anforderungen an Schaummittel zur Erzeugung von Mittelschaum zum Aufgeben auf mit Wasser nicht mischbaren FlüssigkeitenAgents extincteurs - Émulseurs - Partie 1: Spécifications pour les émulseurs moyen foisonnement destinés à une application à la surface de liquides n’ayant pas d’affinité pour l’eauFire extinguishing media - Foam concentrates - Part 1: Specification for medium expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids13.220.10Gašenje požaraFire-fightingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1568-1:2018SIST EN 1568-1:2018en,fr,de01-maj-2018SIST EN 1568-1:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1568-1:2008/AC:2010SIST EN 1568-1:20081DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1568-1:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1568-1
February
t r s z ICS
s uä t t rä s r Supersedes EN
s w x zæ sã t r r zEnglish Version
Fire extinguishing media æ Foam concentrates æ Part

sã Specification for medium expansion foam concentrates for surface application to wateræimmiscible liquids Agents extincteurs æ Émulseurs æ Partie

s ã Spécifications pour les émulseurs moyen foisonnement destinés à une application à la surface de liquides n 5ayant pas d 5affinité pour l 5eau

Feuerlöschmittel æ Schaummittel æ Teil

sã Anforderungen an Schaummittel zur Erzeugung von Mittelschaum zum Aufgeben auf mit Wasser nicht mischbaren Flüssigkeiten This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s October
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s w x zæ sã t r s z ESIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9 4 Sediment in the foam concentrate ......................................................................................................... 10 4.1 Sediment before ageing ............................................................................................................................. 10 4.2 Sediment after ageing ................................................................................................................................. 10 5 Freezing point................................................................................................................................................ 10 6 Viscosity of the foam concentrate .......................................................................................................... 11 6.1 Newtonian foam concentrates ................................................................................................................. 11 6.2 Pseudo-plastic foam concentrates ......................................................................................................... 11 7 pH of the foam concentrate ...................................................................................................................... 11 8 Surface tension of the foam solution ..................................................................................................... 11 9 Stability/separation test of foam concentrate ................................................................................... 11 10 Determination of expansion and drainage time ............................................................................... 11 10.1 Before temperature conditioning .......................................................................................................... 11 10.2 After temperature conditioning ............................................................................................................. 11 11 Test fire performance ................................................................................................................................. 12 12 Occupational health and ecotoxicological information ................................................................. 12 13 Technical data sheet ................................................................................................................................... 12 14 Container marking ....................................................................................................................................... 12 Annex A (informative)

Grades of foam concentrate ..................................................................................... 14 Annex B (normative)

Sampling of foam concentrates ................................................................................. 15 Annex C (normative)

Determination of percentage sediment .................................................................. 16 C.1 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 16 C.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 16 C.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 16 Annex D (normative)

Determination of viscosity for pseudo-plastic foam concentrates .............. 17 D.1 Pseudo-plastic foam concentrates ......................................................................................................... 17 D.2 Viscosity determination............................................................................................................................. 17 D.2.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 17 D.2.2 Test temperatures ....................................................................................................................................... 17 D.2.3 Viscosity measurement .............................................................................................................................. 17 D.2.4 Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 18 SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 3 Annex E (normative)

Temperature conditioning of foam concentrates ................................................ 19 E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 E.2 Low temperature conditioning ................................................................................................................ 19 E.2.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 19 E.2.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 19 E.3 High temperature conditioning ............................................................................................................... 19 E.3.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 19 E.3.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 19 E.4 Division into top and bottom half-samples ......................................................................................... 20 E.4.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 E.4.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 21 Annex F (normative)

Determination of surface tension .............................................................................. 22 F.1 Solution of foam concentrate ................................................................................................................... 22 F.2 Procedure — Surface tension ................................................................................................................... 22 Annex G (normative)

Determination of expansion and drainage time .................................................. 23 G.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 23 G.2 Temperature conditions ............................................................................................................................ 23 G.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 23 G.4 Simulated fresh and sea water ................................................................................................................. 24 Annex H (normative)

Determination of test fire performance ................................................................. 28 H.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 H.2 General conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 28 H.2.1 Test series and criteria for success ........................................................................................................ 28 H.2.1.1 Foam concentrates not compatible with sea water.......................................................................... 28 H.2.1.2 Foam concentrates compatible with sea water ................................................................................. 28 H.2.2 Temperature and wind speed .................................................................................................................. 28 H.2.3 Records ............................................................................................................................................................. 29 H.2.4 Foam solution................................................................................................................................................. 29 H.2.5 Fuel .................................................................................................................................................................... 29 H.3 Fire test ............................................................................................................................................................. 30 H.3.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 30 H.3.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 30 Annex I (informative)

Description of a radiation measurement method ............................................. 32 I.1 Evaluation ........................................................................................................................................................ 32 I.2 General arrangement of test ..................................................................................................................... 32 I.3 Technical data for radiometers) ............................................................................................................. 33 SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 4 I.4 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 34 Annex J (normative)

Freezing point determination ..................................................................................... 36 J.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36 J.2 Equipment required .................................................................................................................................... 36 J.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 36 J.4 Example of a temperature against time curve for evaluation ..................................................... 37 Annex K (normative)

Stability/Separation test of foam concentrate..................................................... 38 K.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 K.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 38 K.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 38 Annex L (normative)

Occupational health and ecotoxicological testing ............................................... 39 Annex M (informative)

Example for a technical data sheet ....................................................................... 40 Annex N (informative)

A-deviations ................................................................................................................... 42 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 44

SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 1568-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 191 “Fixed firefighting systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2018 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1568-1:2008. In comparison with the previous edition, the following significant changes have been made: — Interfacial tension and spreading coefficient test removed; — Freezing point test introduced; — Stability/Separation test of foam concentrate introduced; — Occupational health and ecotoxicological testing introduced; — Example of technical data sheet included. This document is Part 1 of EN 1568 which has the general title Fire extinguishing media — Foam concentrates. The other parts are: — Part 2: Specification for high expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids; — Part 3: Specification for low expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids; — Part 4: Specification for low expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-miscible liquids. This European Standard is one of a series of standards specifying requirements for fire extinguishing media in common use. This series includes the following standards: — EN ISO 5923, Equipment for fire protection and fire fighting — Fire extinguishing media — Carbon dioxide (ISO 5923); — EN 27201-1, Fire protection — Fire extinguishing media — Halogenated hydrocarbons — Part 1: Specifications for halon 1211 and halon 1301 (ISO 7201-1); — EN 27201-2, Fire protection — Fire extinguishing media — Halogenated hydrocarbons — Part 2: Code of practice for safe handling and transfer procedures (ISO 7201-2); — EN 615, Fire protection — Fire extinguishing media — Specifications for powders (other than class D powders). SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 6 According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 7 Introduction As fire fighting foams are chemical agents or chemical preparations Commission Directive 2000/60/CE and Regulations (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP) and No 1907/2006 (REACH) apply and should be taken into account. Classes of fire are defined in EN 2 as follows: a) Class A: fires involving solid materials, usually of an organic nature, in which combustion normally takes place with the formation of glowing embers; b) Class B: fires involving liquids or liquefiable solids; c) Class C: fires involving gases; d) Class D: fires involving metals; e) Class F: fires involving cooking media (vegetable or animal oils and fats) in cooking appliances. Fire fighting foams are widely used to control and extinguish Class B fires and to inhibit re-ignition. These foams can also be used for prevention of ignition of flammable liquids and, in certain conditions, to extinguish Class A fires. Foams can be used in combination with other extinguishing media, particularly gaseous media and powders, which are the subject of other European Standards (see Foreword). These specifications have been designed to ensure that fire extinguishing media have the minimum useful fire fighting capability. The user should ensure that the foam concentrates are used accurately at the concentration recommended by the manufacturer. Fire performances indicated by this standard cannot replicate practical fire situations. Foam concentrates of different types and manufacturers should not be mixed. It should be noted that some combinations of extinguishing powder and foam can lead to unacceptable loss of efficiency, caused by unfavourable interaction of the chosen media when applied simultaneously or successively to the fire. It is extremely important that the foam concentrate after dilution with water to the recommended concentration should not in normal usage present a significant toxic hazard to life in relation to the environment. The current version of Commission Directive 2000/60/CE, Regulations (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP) and No 1907/2006 (REACH) apply when considering the testing of ecotoxicological properties and safety in the work environment. A special quality characteristic is the type test conducted by an independent testing laboratory accredited to EN ISO/IEC 17025. SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 8 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements for chemical and physical properties, and minimum performance requirements of medium expansion foams suitable for surface application to water-immiscible liquids. Requirements are also given for marking. WARNING — Any type approval according to this standard is invalidated by any change in composition of the approved product. Some concentrates conforming to this part of EN 1568 can also conform to other parts and therefore can also be suitable for application as low and/or high expansion foams. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1568-2, Fire extinguishing media - Foam concentrates - Part 2: Specification for high expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids EN 1568-3, Fire extinguishing media - Foam concentrates - Part 3: Specification for low expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids EN 1568-4, Fire extinguishing media - Foam concentrates - Part 4: Specification for low expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-miscible liquids EN ISO 3104, Petroleum products - Transparent and opaque liquids - Determination of kinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104) EN ISO 3219, Plastics - Polymers/resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions - Determination of viscosity using a rotational viscometer with defined shear rate (ISO 3219) EN ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test methods (ISO 3696) EN ISO 11348-2, Water quality - Determination of the inhibitory effect of water samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test) - Part 2: Method using liquid-dried bacteria (ISO 11348-2) EN ISO 23753-1, Soil Quality - Determination of dehydrogenase activity in soil - Part 1: Method using triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) (ISO 23753-1) ISO 304, Surface active agents - Determination of surface tension by drawing up liquid films ISO 3310-1, Test sieves - Technical requirements and testing - Part 1: Test sieves of metal wire cloth OECD 201, Test No. 201: Freshwater Alga and Cyanobacteria, Growth Inhibition Test OECD 202, Test No. 202: Daphnia sp. Acute Immobilisation Test OECD 203, Test No. 203: Fish, Acute Toxicity Test OECD 301, Test No. 301: Ready Biodegradability SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 9 OECD 404, Test No. 404: Acute Dermal Irritation/Corrosion OECD 405, Test No. 405: Acute Eye Irritation/Corrosion OECD 420, Test No. 420: Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: • IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp

3.1 25 %/50 % drainage time time taken for 25 %/50 % of the volume of the original foam solution to drain out of the generated foam 3.2 expansion (E) expansion value expansion ratio ratio of the volume of foam to the volume of the foam solution from which it was made 3.3 low expansion foam foam which has an expansion ratio less than 20 3.4 medium expansion foam foam which has an expansion ratio greater than or equal to 20 but less than 200 3.5 high expansion foam foam which has an expansion ratio greater than or equal to 200 3.6 fire-fighting foam aggregate of air filled bubbles formed from a foam solution used for fire-fighting 3.7 foam concentrate liquid which is diluted with water to produce foam solution Note 1 to entry: Annex A gives information on grades of foam concentrate. 3.8 foam solution solution of foam concentrate in water SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 10 3.9 sediment insoluble particles in the foam concentrate 3.10 Newtonian foam concentrate foam concentrate which has a viscosity which is independent of the shear rate 3.11 pseudo-plastic foam concentrate foam concentrate which has a viscosity which decreases with increasing shear rate 3.12 surface tension tension within the interface between a liquid and air 3.13 freezing point temperature at which the first ingredient of a mixture starts to solidify or freeze out 3.14 designation identifying name name that corresponds to a chemical formulation and a specific production process Note 1 to entry: It guarantees consistency of the characteristics, performance and conditions of use of the foam concentrate. 3.15 demineralized water water conforming to EN ISO 3696 (Grade 3), the water having a surface tension greater than 70 mN m «1 when tested in accordance with F.2 and a conductivity of < 5

«1 4 Sediment in the foam concentrate 4.1 Sediment before ageing Any sediment in the foam concentrate sampled in accordance with Annex B, but not aged in accordance with C.1, shall be dispersible through a 180 not more than 0,25 % when tested in accordance with Annex C. 4.2 Sediment after ageing Any sediment in the foam concentrate sampled in accordance with Annex B, and aged in accordance with C.1, shall be dispersible through a 180 not more than 1,0 % when tested in accordance with Annex C. 5 Freezing point The freezing point of the foam concentrate sampled in accordance with Annex B shall be determined in accordance with Annex J. SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 11 6 Viscosity of the foam concentrate 6.1 Newtonian foam concentrates The viscosity of the foam concentrate at the lowest temperature for use claimed by the manufacturer shall be determined in accordance with EN ISO 3104. If the viscosity is > 200 mm2 s–1, the container shall be marked in accordance with Clause 14 j). 6.2 Pseudo-plastic foam concentrates The viscosity of the foam concentrate shall be determined in accordance with Annex D. If the viscosity at the lowest temperature for use is greater than or equal to 120 mPa·s at 375 s «1, the container shall be marked in accordance with Clause 14 k). 7 pH of the foam concentrate The pH of the foam concentrate sampled in accordance with Annex B shall be not less than 6,0 and not more than 9,5 at (20 ± 1) °C. 8 Surface tension of the foam solution The surface tension (determined in accordance with F.2) of the foam solutions prepared using top and bottom half-samples (see E.4) of the foam concentrate, sampled in accordance with Annex B and conditioned in accordance with Annex E, shall be not less than 0,95 times and not more than 1,05 times the surface tension of the foam solution prepared using the sampled foam concentrate. 9 Stability/separation test of foam concentrate The foam concentrate shall not separate, stratify or precipitate as indicated by two or more distinct layers or the presence of solid deposits when tested in accordance with Annex K. 10 Determination of expansion and drainage time 10.1 Before temperature conditioning The foam produced from the foam solution, prepared from the foam concentrate sampled in accordance with Annex B at the supplier’s recommended concentration with simulated fresh water in accordance with G.4, shall be tested in accordance with Annex G. If appropriate, a further sample of the same concentration made with simulated sea water in accordance with G.4 shall also be tested. NOTE Expansion is dependent on the foam concentrate and the equipment used to make the foam. 10.2 After temperature conditioning The foams produced from the solutions prepared with simulated fresh water by using top and bottom half-samples (see E.4) of foam concentrate, sampled in accordance with Annex B, at the supplier’s recommended concentration, when tested in accordance with Annex G, shall have the following: a) expansions which do not differ from each other or from the value obtained in 10.1 using simulated fresh water (i.e. before temperature conditioning) by more than 20 % of the value obtained in 10.1 using simulated fresh water; and b) 25 % drainage times which do not differ from each other or from the value obtained in 10.1 using simulated fresh water (i.e. before temperature conditioning) by more than 20 % of the value obtained in 10.1 using simulated fresh water. SIST EN 1568-1:2018

EN 1568-1:2018 (E) 12 If appropriate, the tests shall be repeated using top and bottom half-samples (see E.4) of foam concentrate, sampled in accordance with Annex B, at the supplier’s recommended concentration, using foam solutions prepared with the simulated sea water in accordance with G.4. These foam solutions shall have

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