Fire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 1: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests

This document provides the reaction to fire classification procedure for all construction products, including products incorporated within building elements with the exception of power, control and communication cables which are covered by EN 13501-6.
Products are considered in relation to their end use application.
This document applies to three categories, which are treated separately in this document:
-   construction products, excluding floorings and linear pipe thermal insulation products;
-   floorings;
-   linear pipe thermal insulation products.
NOTE   For CE marking of construction products under the Construction Product Regulation ((EC) 305/2011) the NPD option can be used when no reaction of fire performance is to be declared.

Klassifizierung von Bauprodukten und Bauarten zu ihrem Brandverhalten - Teil 1: Klassifizierung mit den Ergebnissen aus den Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Bauprodukten

Dieses Dokument legt das Verfahren fest zur Klassifizierung des Brandverhaltens von Bauprodukten einschlie߬lich der Bauprodukte innerhalb von Bauteilen, ausgenommen Starkstromkabel und –leitungen, Steuer- und Kommunikationskabel, die von EN 13501 6 erfasst werden.
Bauprodukte werden unter Berücksichtigung ihrer praktischen Anwendung betrachtet.
Dieses Dokument gilt für drei Kategorien von Bauprodukten, die in diesem Dokument getrennt behandelt werden:
-   Bauprodukte, mit Ausnahme von Bodenbelägen und Rohrisolierungen;
-   Bodenbeläge;
-   Rohrisolierungen.
ANMERKUNG   Für die CE Kennzeichnung von Bauprodukten unter der Bauproduktenverordnung ((EU) 305/2011) kann die Option „keine Leistung festgelegt“ (NPD: No Performance Determined) angewendet werden, wenn das Brand-verhalten nicht angegeben wird.

Classement au feu des produits et éléments de construction - Partie 1: Classement à partir des données d’essais de réaction au feu

Le présent document fournit le mode opératoire de classement de réaction au feu de tous les produits de construction, y compris les produits contenus dans les éléments de construction, à l’exception des câbles de puissance, de commande et de communication qui sont couverts par l’EN 13501-6.
Les produits sont considérés en fonction de leur utilisation finale.
Le présent document s’applique à trois catégories de produits qui sont traitées séparément dans le présent document :
-   produits de construction, à l’exception des revêtements de sol et des produits d’isolation thermique pour conduite linéaire ;
-   revêtements de sol ;
-   produits d’isolation thermique pour conduite linéaire.
NOTE   Pour le marquage CE des produits de construction sous couvert du Règlement Produits de construction (UE) n° 305/2011, les lettres « NPD » (« performance non déterminée ») peuvent être utilisées lorsqu’aucune déclaration des performances de réaction au feu n’est prévue.

Požarna klasifikacija gradbenih proizvodov in elementov stavb - 1. del: Klasifikacija po podatkih iz preskusov odziva na ogenj

Ta evropski standard vsebuje odziv na postopek klasifikacije požarov za vse gradbene proizvode, vključno s proizvodi v elementih stavb.
Proizvodi so obravnavani v povezavi z njihovo končno uporabo.
Ta dokument se uporablja za tri kategorije, ki so v tem evropskem standardu obravnavane ločeno:
– konstrukcijski proizvodi, razen talne obloge in proizvodi za toplotno izolacijo ravnih cevi;
– talne obloge;
– proizvodi za toplotno izolacijo ravnih cevi.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Dec-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
19-Dec-2018
Completion Date
19-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Požarna klasifikacija gradbenih proizvodov in elementov stavb - 1. del: Klasifikacija po podatkih iz preskusov odziva na ogenjKlassifizierung von Bauprodukten und Bauarten zu ihrem Brandverhalten - Teil 1: Klassifizierung mit den Ergebnissen aus den Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von BauproduktenClassement au feu des produits et éléments de construction - Partie 1: Classement à partir des données d’essais de réaction au feuFire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 1: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests13.220.50Požarna odpornost gradbenih materialov in elementovFire-resistance of building materials and elementsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13501-1:2018SIST EN 13501-1:2019en,fr,de01-marec-2019SIST EN 13501-1:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13501-1:2007+A1:20091DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13501-1:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13501-1
December
t r s z ICS
s uä t t rä w r Supersedes EN
s u w r sæ sã t r r y ªA sã t r r {English Version
Fire classification of construction products and building elements æ Part

sã Classification using data from reaction to fire tests Classement au feu des produits et éléments de construction æ Partie

sã Classement à partir des données d 5essais de réaction au feu
Klassifizierung von Bauprodukten und Bauarten zu ihrem Brandverhalten æ Teil

sã Klassifizierung mit den Ergebnissen aus den Prüfungen zum Brandverhalten von Bauprodukten This European Standard was approved by CEN on

{ November
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s u w r sæ sã t r s z ESIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms, definitions and symbols ................................................................................................................. 8 3.1 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................... 8 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations ....................................................................................................................... 14 4 Classes of reaction to fire performance ................................................................................................ 14 5 Test methods and field of application rules ....................................................................................... 15 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.2 Non-combustibility test (EN ISO 1182) ................................................................................................. 15 5.3 Heat of combustion test (EN ISO 1716)................................................................................................. 15 5.4 Single burning item test (EN 13823) ..................................................................................................... 15 5.5 Ignitability test (EN ISO 11925-2) .......................................................................................................... 15 5.6 Determination of the burning behaviour of floorings, using a radiant heat source (EN ISO 9239-1) .............................................................................................................................. 15 6 Principles for testing, specimen preparation and field of application ..................................... 16 6.1 General requirements for specimen preparation ............................................................................ 16 6.2 Specific requirements for non-combustibility and heat of combustion testing .................... 16 6.3 Specific requirements for the single burning item test, the ignitability test and the test for the determination of the burning behaviour of floorings, using a radiant heat source ...................................................................................................................................... 16 6.4 Field of application ...................................................................................................................................... 17 7 Number of tests for classification ........................................................................................................... 17 8 Testing of construction products, excluding floorings and linear pipe thermal insulation products (see Table 1) ........................................................................................................... 18 8.1 Class E, F ........................................................................................................................................................... 18 8.2 Classes D, C, B ................................................................................................................................................. 18 8.3 Classes A2, A1 ................................................................................................................................................. 19 8.4 Additional classifications s1, s2, s3 for smoke production ........................................................... 19 8.5 Additional classifications d0, d1, d2 for flaming droplets/particles ......................................... 19 9 Testing of floorings (see Table 2) ........................................................................................................... 19 9.1 Class Efl, Ffl ....................................................................................................................................................... 19 9.2 Classes Dfl, Cfl, Bfl ............................................................................................................................................ 19 9.3 Classes A2fl, A1fl ............................................................................................................................................. 20 9.4 Additional classifications s1, s2 for smoke production .................................................................. 20 10 Testing of linear pipe thermal insulation products (see Table 3) .............................................. 20 10.1 Class EL, FL ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 10.2 Classes DL, CL, BL............................................................................................................................................. 20 10.3 Classes A2L, A1L .............................................................................................................................................. 20 10.4 Additional classifications s1, s2, s3 for smoke production ........................................................... 21 SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 3 10.5 Additional classifications d0, d1, d2 for flaming droplets/particles ......................................... 21 11 Classification criteria for construction products, excluding floorings (see Table 1) ........................................................................................................................................................................ 21 11.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 11.2 Class F ............................................................................................................................................................... 22 11.3 Class E ............................................................................................................................................................... 22 11.4 Class D .............................................................................................................................................................. 22 11.5 Class C ............................................................................................................................................................... 22 11.6 Class B ............................................................................................................................................................... 23 11.7 Class A2 ............................................................................................................................................................ 23 11.8 Class A1 ............................................................................................................................................................ 24 11.9 Additional classifications s1, s2, s3 for smoke production ........................................................... 25 11.10 Additional classifications d0, d1, d2 for flaming droplets and/or particles ........................... 26 12 Classification criteria for floorings (see Table 2) ............................................................................. 27 12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 12.2 Class Ffl ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 12.3 Class Efl ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 12.4 Class Dfl ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 12.5 Class Cfl ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 12.6 Class Bfl ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 12.7 Class A2fl .......................................................................................................................................................... 28 12.8 Class A1fl .......................................................................................................................................................... 29 12.9 Additional classifications s1, s2 for smoke production ................................................................. 30 13 Classification criteria for linear pipe thermal insulation products (see Table 3) ................ 31 13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31 13.2 Class FL .............................................................................................................................................................. 31 13.3 Class EL ............................................................................................................................................................. 31 13.4 Class DL ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 13.5 Class CL ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 13.6 Class BL ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 13.7 Class A2L ........................................................................................................................................................... 32 13.8 Class A1L ........................................................................................................................................................... 34 13.9 Additional classifications s1, s2, s3 for smoke production ........................................................... 35 13.10 Additional classifications d0, d1, d2 for flaming droplets and/or particles ........................... 35 14 Presentation of classification .................................................................................................................. 36 14.1 Construction products, excluding floorings and linear pipe thermal insulation products ........................................................................................................................................................... 36 14.2 Floorings .......................................................................................................................................................... 36 14.3 Linear pipe thermal insulation products ............................................................................................ 37 15 Field of application of the classification .............................................................................................. 37 16 Classification report .................................................................................................................................... 38 16.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 16.2 Content and format ...................................................................................................................................... 38 Annex A (informative)

Background information for the application of the Commission delegated regulation 2016/364 on classification of reaction to fire performance of construction products pursuant to regulation N°305/2011 of the European parliament and of the Council ..................................................................................... 44 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 44 A.2 Assumptions ................................................................................................................................................... 44 SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 4 A.3 Reference fire situations ............................................................................................................................ 45 A.3.1 Reference fire situations for construction products, linear pipe thermal insulation products but except floorings ............................................................................................. 45 A.3.2 Reference fire situations for floorings .................................................................................................. 46 A.4 Relationship between classes and reference fire situations ........................................................ 47 A.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47 A.4.2 For all construction products excluding floorings ........................................................................... 47 A.4.3 For floorings ................................................................................................................................................... 48 Annex B (normative)

Reaction to fire classification report ....................................................................... 51 B.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 51 B.2 Details of classified product ..................................................................................................................... 51 B.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51 B.2.2 Product description ..................................................................................................................................... 51 B.3 Reports and results in support of this classification ....................................................................... 52 B.3.1 Specific conditions(**) ................................................................................................................................ 52 B.3.2 Reports ............................................................................................................................................................. 52 B.3.3 Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 52 B.4 Classification and field of application ................................................................................................... 53 B.4.1 Reference of classification ........................................................................................................................ 53 B.4.2 Classification .................................................................................................................................................. 53 B.4.3 Field of application ...................................................................................................................................... 54 B.5 Limitations ...................................................................................................................................................... 54 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 55

SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 13501-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 “Fire safety in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2020. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13501-1:2007+A1:2009. In addition to editorial corrections this document includes the reaction to fire classification procedure for linear pipe thermal insulation products. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. CEN, CENELEC and EOTA committees preparing technical specifications, which contain performance requirements against reaction to fire tests, should make reference to the reaction to fire classification given in this European Standard and not refer directly to any specific fire test method. EN 13501, Fire classification of construction products and building elements consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests — Part 2: Classification using data from fire resistance tests, excluding ventilation services — Part 3: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on products and elements used in building service installations: fire resisting ducts and fire dampers — Part 4: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on components of smoke control — systems — Part 5: Classification using data from external fire exposure to roofs tests — Part 6: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests on power, control and communication cables. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 6 Introduction The aim of this European Standard is to define a harmonized procedure for the classification of reaction to fire of construction products. This classification is based on the test procedures listed in Clause 5 and the relevant field of application procedures. This European Standard has been prepared in support of the second essential requirement in the EC Construction Products Regulation (305/2011/EU) and as detailed in the Interpretative Document Number 2: Safety in case of fire (OJ C62 Vol. 37). Background information on the Commission Delegated Regulation (2016/364) regarding the classification of the reaction to fire performance of construction products is given in Annex A. The European Commission has drawn up a list of products which, under specified conditions, can be considered to be class A1 without testing. This information is given in the Commission Decision 96/603/EC (OJ L 267 19.10.1966 p23) as amended by 2000/605/EC (OJ L 258 12.10.2000 p36) and 2003/424/EC (OJ L 144 12.6.2003 p9). Additionally there is a procedure by which certain products can be assigned a particular fire classification without the need for testing. Such products have well established reaction to fire performance and have been agreed by the Standing Committee on Construction. Agreements relating to such products which may be ‘classified without further testing’ (CWFT) are published in the Official Journal of the EC. Parts 2, 3 and 4 of this European Standard are concerned with classification resulting from fire resistance tests. Part 5 covers classification resulting from tests for external fire exposure to roofs. Part 6 covers classification resulting from tests for reaction to fire of cables. NOTE Test reports constitute the basis for extended application reports as explained in EN 15725. SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 7 1 Scope This document provides the reaction to fire classification procedure for all construction products, including products incorporated within building elements with the exception of power, control and communication cables which are covered by EN 13501-6. Products are considered in relation to their end use application. This document applies to three categories, which are treated separately in this document: — construction products, excluding floorings and linear pipe thermal insulation products; — floorings; — linear pipe thermal insulation products. NOTE For CE marking of construction products under the Construction Product Regulation ((EC) 305/2011) the NPD option can be used when no reaction of fire performance is to be declared. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 13823, Reaction to fire tests for building products - Building products excluding floorings exposed to the thermal attack by a single burning item CEN/TS 15117, Guidance on direct and extended application EN 15725, Extended application reports on the fire performance of construction products and building elements EN ISO 1182, Reaction to fire tests for products - Non-combustibility test (ISO 1182) EN ISO 1716:2010, Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of the gross heat of combustion (calorific value) (ISO 1716:2010) EN ISO 9239-1, Reaction to fire tests for floorings - Part 1: Determination of the burning behaviour using a radiant heat source (ISO 9239-1) EN ISO 11925-2, Reaction to fire tests - Ignitability of products subjected to direct impingement of flame - Part 2: Single-flame source test (ISO 11925-2) SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 8 3 Terms, definitions and symbols 3.1 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: http://www.electropedia.org/ http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1.1 product material, element or component about which information is required 3.1.2 material single basic substance or uniformly dispersed mixture of substances, e.g. metal, stone, timber, concrete, mineral wool with uniformly dispersed binder or polymers 3.1.3 homogeneous product product consisting of a single material, having uniform density and composition throughout the product 3.1.4 non-homogeneous product product that does not satisfy the requirements of a homogeneous product Note 1 to entry: It is a product composed of one or more components, substantial and/or non-substantial. 3.1.5 substantial component material that constitutes a significant part of a non-homogeneous product. A layer with a

1,0 kg/m2 or a thickness

sá r mm is considered to be a substantial component 3.1.6 non-substantial component material that does not constitute a significant part of a non-homogeneous product. A layer with a mass/unit area < 1,0 kg/m2 and a thickness < 1,0 mm is considered to be a non-substantial component Note 1 to entry: Two or more non-substantial layers that are adjacent to each other (i.e. with no substantial component(s) in between the layers) are regarded as one non-substantial component when they collectively comply with the requirements for a layer being a non-substantial component. 3.1.7 internal non-substantial component non-substantial component that is covered on both sides by at least one substantial component 3.1.8 external non-substantial component non-substantial component that is not covered on one side by a substantial component SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 9 3.1.9 flooring upper layer(s) of a floor, comprising any surface finish with or without an attached backing and with any accompanying underlay, interlayer and adhesives 3.1.10 linear pipe thermal insulation product length of insulation product designed to fit around pipes, with a maximum outer insulation diameter of 300 mm 3.1.11 substrate product which is used immediately beneath the product about which information is required Note 1 to entry: For flooring, it is the floor on which it is mounted or the material which represents this floor. 3.1.12 standard substrate product which is representative of the substrate used in end-use applications 3.1.13 end use application real application of a product, in relation to all aspects that influence the behaviour of that product under different fire situations. Note 1 to entry: It covers aspects such as its quantity, orientation, position in relation to other adjacent products, and its method of fixing. 3.1.14 fire performance response of a material, product or assembly in a fire Note 1 to entry: It is often important to understand how materials, products or assemblies behave in real fires as opposed to in fire tests under controlled conditions. Improved fire performance can be exhibited in a variety of ways. For example, longer times to ignition, lower heat release, lower flame spread or lower smoke release could all be evidence of improvements in fire performance. Note 2 to entry: Compare with the term fire behaviour. [SOURCE: EN ISO 13943:2017, 3.137] 3.1.15 reaction to fire response of a product in contributing by its own decomposition to a fire to which it is exposed, under specified conditions SIST EN 13501-1:2019

EN 13501-1:2018 (E) 10 3.1.16 fire scenario qua
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