Electrically powered wheelchairs, scooters and their chargers - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for electrically powered wheelchairs, including electrically powered scooters with three or more wheels, with a maximum speed not exceeding 15 km/h intended to carry one person of mass not greater than 300 kg.
It also specifies requirements and test methods for battery chargers for wheelchairs and scooters.
This European Standard does not apply in total to:
-   electrically powered wheelchairs intended for special purposes, such as sports, showering or toileting,
-   manual wheelchairs with handrim-activated power-assisted propulsion,
-   custom-made electrically powered wheelchairs,
-   electrically powered stand-up wheelchairs,
-   manual wheelchairs with add-on power kits used for propulsion and
-   electrically powered office chairs.
NOTE   Requirements for manually propelled wheelchairs are specified in EN 12183.

Elektrorollstühle und -mobile und zugehörige Ladegeräte - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Elektrorollstühle, einschließlich Elektromobile mit drei oder mehr Rädern, mit einer Höchstgeschwindigkeit von 15 km/h fest, die für die Beförderung einer Person mit einem Höchstgewicht von 300 kg bestimmt sind.
Sie legt auch spezifische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Batterieladegeräte für Rollstühle und Elektromobile fest.
Die vorliegende Europäische Norm gilt nicht vollständig für:
 Elektrorollstühle für besondere Zwecke, wie z. B. für die Verwendung beim Sport, beim Duschen oder beim Toilettengang;
 Muskelkraftbetriebene Rollstühle mit Greifreifen betätigtem kraftunterstütztem Zusatzantrieb;
 kundenspezifisch angefertigte Elektrorollstühle;
 elektrischer Aufrichtrollstuhl;
 muskelkraftbetriebene Rollstühle mit zusätzlich angebauten Antriebseinheiten für die Fortbewegung; und
 Bürostühle mit Motorantrieb.
ANMERKUNG Die Anforderungen an muskelkraftbetriebene Rollstühle sind in EN 12183 festgelegt.

Fauteuils roulants électriques, scooters et leurs chargeurs - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d'essai relatives aux fauteuils roulants électriques, incluant les scooters électriques à trois roues ou plus, dont la vitesse maximale ne dépasse pas 15 km/h et prévus pour transporter une personne dont le poids n'excède pas 300 kg.
Elle spécifie également les exigences et méthodes d'essai pour les chargeurs de batterie pour les fauteuils roulants et les scooters.
La présente norme européenne ne s'applique pas en totalité aux :
   fauteuils roulants électriques prévus pour des usages spéciaux, tels que le sport, la douche ou la toilette ;
   fauteuils roulants à propulsion manuelle équipés d'un système électrique d'assistance à la propulsion ;
   fauteuils roulants électriques personnalisés ;
   fauteuils roulants verticalisateurs électriques ;
   fauteuils roulants à propulsion manuelle équipés de kits de motorisation utilisés pour la propulsion et aux
   fauteuils de bureau électriques.
NOTE   Les exigences pour les fauteuils roulants à propulsion manuelle sont spécifiées dans l'EN 12183.

Invalidski vozički na električni pogon, skuterji in njihovi polnilniki - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Standard EN 12184 navaja zahteve in preskusne metode za invalidske vozičke na električni pogon vključno s skuterji na električni pogon s tremi kolesi ali več, katerih največja hitrost ne presega 15 km/h in so namenjeni za eno osebo s težo do 300 kg. Določa tudi zahteve in preskusne metode za polnilnike za invalidske vozičke in skuterje. Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja v celoti za: – invalidske vozičke na električni pogon, ki so namenjeni za specifične namene, kot je šport, tuširanje ali toaletno uporabo, – invalidske vozičke z ročnim upravljanjem s pomožnim pogonom na kolesnem obroču, – invalidske vozičke na električni pogon po meri, – invalidske vozičke na električni pogon z možnostjo stoječega položaja, – invalidske vozičke z ročnim upravljanjem in z vgrajenimi pogonskimi sistemi ter – pisarniške stole na električni pogon.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Mar-2014
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
15-Apr-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Elektrorollstühle und -mobile und zugehörige Ladegeräte - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenFauteuils roulants électriques, trottinettes et leurs chargeurs - Exigenes et méthodes d'essaiElectrically powered wheelchairs, scooters and their chargers - Requirements and test methods11.180.10JLEDQMHAids and adaptation for movingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12184:2014SIST EN 12184:2014en,fr,de01-maj-2014SIST EN 12184:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12184:20101DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12184:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12184
March 2014 ICS 11.180.10 Supersedes EN 12184:2009English Version

Electrically powered wheelchairs, scooters and their chargers - Requirements and test methods

Fauteuils roulants électriques, scooters et leurs chargeurs -Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Elektrorollstühle und -mobile und zugehörige Ladegeräte - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 December 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 12184:2014 ESIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................6 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................8 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9 4 Test apparatus .................................................................................................................................... 10 5 Type classes ........................................................................................................................................ 11 6 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 11 7 Preparation for testing ....................................................................................................................... 12 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12 7.2 Test dummy ......................................................................................................................................... 12 7.3 Human test occupant ......................................................................................................................... 12 8 Wheelchair performance .................................................................................................................... 12 8.1 Performance of driving characteristics ............................................................................................ 12 8.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12 8.1.2 Ability to climb rated slope ................................................................................................................ 12 8.1.3 Ground unevenness ........................................................................................................................... 13 8.1.4 Maximum downhill speed .................................................................................................................. 13 8.1.5 Dynamic stability ................................................................................................................................ 14 8.1.6 Obstacle climbing and descending .................................................................................................. 15 8.1.7 Static stability ...................................................................................................................................... 15 8.1.8 Maximum speed .................................................................................................................................. 15 8.1.9 Distance range .................................................................................................................................... 15 8.2 Static, impact and fatigue strength ................................................................................................... 16 8.2.1 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 16 8.2.2 Test ....................................................................................................................................................... 16 8.3 Wheelchairs for use as seats in motor vehicles .............................................................................. 16 8.4 Climatic performance ......................................................................................................................... 17 9 Component properties ....................................................................................................................... 17 9.1 Foot supports, lower leg support assemblies and arm supports ................................................. 17 9.1.1 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 17 9.1.2 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 17 9.2 Component mass ................................................................................................................................ 18 9.3 Pneumatic tyres .................................................................................................................................. 18 9.4 Anterior pelvic support ...................................................................................................................... 18 9.5 Resistance to ignition ........................................................................................................................ 18 9.5.1 Upholstered composite parts ............................................................................................................ 18 9.5.2 Foam materials .................................................................................................................................... 19 9.5.3 Other parts in contact with the occupant ......................................................................................... 19 9.5.4 Power and control systems ............................................................................................................... 19 10 Propulsion and braking systems ...................................................................................................... 19 10.1 Means for operating brakes ............................................................................................................... 19 10.1.1 Requirement ........................................................................................................................................ 19 10.1.2 Test for determination of brake operating forces ........................................................................... 20 10.2 Braking functions ............................................................................................................................... 20 SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 3 10.2.1 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 20 10.2.2 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 21 10.3 Freewheel device ................................................................................................................................. 22 11 Operations ............................................................................................................................................ 23 11.1 Operations intended to be carried out by the occupant and/or assistant ..................................... 23 11.2 Controls intended for operation by the occupant ............................................................................ 23 11.3 Controls intended for operation by an assistant ............................................................................. 24 11.4 Assistant control unit, push handles and handgrips ...................................................................... 24 11.4.1 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 24 11.4.2 Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 25 11.5 Operating forces .................................................................................................................................. 25 11.5.1 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 25 11.5.2 Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 25 11.6 Seating adjustments for tilt and recline systems ............................................................................ 26 11.6.1 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 26 11.6.2 Test method ......................................................................................................................................... 26 12 Electrical systems ............................................................................................................................... 26 12.1 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 26 12.2 Circuit protection ................................................................................................................................. 26 12.3 Battery chargers .................................................................................................................................. 27 12.4 Charging connector ............................................................................................................................ 27 12.5 Battery enclosures and containers ................................................................................................... 27 12.6 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................... 27 12.7 Lighting................................................................................................................................................. 28 12.8 Switching off while driving ................................................................................................................. 28 12.9 Software................................................................................................................................................ 28 13 Information supplied by the manufacturer ....................................................................................... 28 13.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 28 13.2 Pre-sale information ............................................................................................................................ 29 13.3 User information .................................................................................................................................. 30 13.4 Service information ............................................................................................................................. 31 13.5 Labelling ............................................................................................................................................... 31 14 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 32 15 Tables ................................................................................................................................................... 33 16 Figures .................................................................................................................................................. 36 Annex A (informative)

Recommendations for dimensions and manoeuvring space of electrically powered wheelchairs .......................................................................................................................... 42 A.1 Specific dimensions ............................................................................................................................ 42 A.1.1 Dimensions when ready for use ........................................................................................................ 42 A.1.2 Push handle height ............................................................................................................................. 42 A.1.3 Ground clearance ................................................................................................................................ 42 A.2 Manoeuvring space ............................................................................................................................. 42 A.2.1 Turning diameter ................................................................................................................................. 42 A.2.2 Pivot width or reversing width ........................................................................................................... 42 A.3 Speed settings ..................................................................................................................................... 42 Annex B (informative)

Recommended design features ................................................................................ 44 B.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 44 B.2 General recommendations ................................................................................................................. 44 SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 4 B.2.1 Anti-tip devices ................................................................................................................................... 44 B.2.2 Component mass ................................................................................................................................ 44 B.2.3 Fittings and tools ................................................................................................................................ 44 B.2.4 Tyres .................................................................................................................................................... 44 B.2.5 Means to inflate tyres ......................................................................................................................... 44 B.2.6 Surface temperature ........................................................................................................................... 44 B.2.7 Occupant transfer into or out of the wheelchair ............................................................................. 45 B.2.8 Resistance to contamination from urine incontinence .................................................................. 45 B.2.9 Indication for rated slope ................................................................................................................... 45 B.2.10 Mirrors .................................................................................................................................................. 45 B.2.11 Head support ....................................................................................................................................... 45 B.2.12 Continuous operating forces ............................................................................................................. 45 B.3 Recommendations for performance characteristics ...................................................................... 46 B.3.1 Indication of electrical faults ............................................................................................................. 46 B.3.2 Batteries and their containers ........................................................................................................... 46 B.3.3 Control mechanism feedback ............................................................................................................ 46 B.3.4 Freewheel alarm .................................................................................................................................. 46 B.3.5 Maximum speed .................................................................................................................................. 46 Annex C (informative)

Recommendations for lighting and reflectors ........................................................ 47 C.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 47 C.2 Headlights ............................................................................................................................................ 47 C.3 Lateral reflectors ................................................................................................................................. 47 C.4 Rear lights ........................................................................................................................................... 47 C.5 Rear reflectors ..................................................................................................................................... 48 Annex D (informative)

EN 12184 and rail interoperability ............................................................................ 49 D.1 Background ......................................................................................................................................... 49 D.2 Related provisions in this document ................................................................................................ 49 Annex E (informative)

Recommendations for safety in freewheel mode .................................................. 50 E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 50 E.2 Recommendation ................................................................................................................................ 50 E.3 Recommended test methods ............................................................................................................. 50 E.3.1 Caution ................................................................................................................................................. 50 E.3.2 Wheelchair switched on ..................................................................................................................... 50 E.3.3 Wheelchair switched off ..................................................................................................................... 51 E.3.4 Attempted switch-on .......................................................................................................................... 51 E.3.5 Battery set disconnected ................................................................................................................... 51 Annex F (informative)

Wheelchairs with nominal speed of not less than 10 km/h — Dynamic stability for slopes of 10° or steeper ................................................................................. 52 F.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 52 SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 5 F.2 Modifications to dynamic stability test environment ...................................................................... 52 Annex G (informative)

Technical changes from previous editions of EN 12184 ........................................ 53 G.1 Technical changes between the first (1999) and second (2006) editions ...................................... 53 G.2 Technical changes between the second (2006) and third (2009) editions .................................... 54 G.3 Technical changes from the third (2009) edition ............................................................................. 55 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of Council Directive 93/42/EEC ................................................................................. 57 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 60

SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 6 Foreword This document (EN 12184:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 293 “Assistive products for persons with disability”, the secretariat of which is held by SIS. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12184:2009, which is to be withdrawn (dow) three years after the date of availability (dav) of this edition. See CEN/TC 293 resolution 493. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of Council Directive 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices. For relationship with the applicable EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Informative Annex G provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous editions of 1999, 2006 and 2009. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 7 Introduction This is the fourth edition of this European Standard. The first edition was published in 1999, the second in 2006 (withdrawn in 2007) and the third in 2009. Where this European Standard does not apply to particular wheelchairs, contracting parties should consider whether appropriate parts of this European Standard can be used. Manufacturers might also wish to consider whether appropriate parts of this European Standard can be used to assess the performance of their products against the Essential Requirements of the Council Directive 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices. This European Standard contains requirements for ergonomic design related to the ease of wheelchair operation. SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 8 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for electrically powered wheelchairs, including electrically powered scooters with three or more wheels, with a maximum speed not exceeding 15 km/h intended to carry one person of mass not greater than 300 kg. It also specifies requirements and test methods for battery chargers for wheelchairs and scooters. This European Standard does not apply in total to: — electrically powered wheelchairs intended for special purposes, such as sports, showering or toileting, — manual wheelchairs with handrim-activated power-assisted propulsion, — custom-made electrically powered wheelchairs, — electrically powered stand-up wheelchairs, — manual wheelchairs with add-on power kits used for propulsion, and — electrically powered office chairs. NOTE Requirements for manually propelled wheelchairs are specified in EN 12183. 2

Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1021-2:2006, Furniture — Assessment of the ignitability of upholstered furniture — Part 2: Ignition source match flame equivalent EN 12182:2012, Assistive products for persons with disability — General requirements and test methods EN 60335-1:2012, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60335-1:2010, modified) EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989) EN 60601-1:2006, Medical electrical equipment — Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance (IEC 60601-1:2005) EN 62304:2006, Medical device software — Software life-cycle processes (IEC 62304:2006) EN ISO 14971:2012, Medical devices — Application of risk management to medical devices (ISO 14971:2007, Corrected version 2007-10-01) ISO 7176-1:1999, Wheelchairs — Part 1: Determination of static stability ISO 7176-2:2001, Wheelchairs — Part 2: Determination of dynamic stability of electric wheelchairs ISO 7176-3:2012, Wheelchairs — Part 3: Determination of effectiveness of brakes SIST EN 12184:2014

EN 12184:2014 (E) 9 ISO 7176-4:2008, Wheelchairs — Part 4: Energy consumption of electric wheelchairs and scooters for determination of theoretical distance range ISO 7176-6:2001, Wheelchairs — Part 6: Determination of maximum speed, acceleration and deceleration of electric wheelchairs ISO 7176-8:1998, Wheelchairs — Part 8: Requirements and test methods for static, impact and fatigue strengths ISO 7176-9:2009, Wheelchairs — Part 9: Climatic tests for electric wheelchairs ISO 7176-10:2008, Wheelchairs — Part 10: Determination of obstacle-climbing ability of electrically powered wheelchairs ISO 7176-11:2012, Wheelchairs — Part 11: Test dummies ISO 7176-13:1989, Wheelchairs — Part 13: Determination of coefficient of friction of test surfaces ISO 7176-14:1997, Wheelchairs — Part 14: Power and control systems for electric wheelchairs — Requirements and test methods NOTE ISO 7176-14:1997 is used only for requirements and test methods for battery chargers. ISO 7176-14:2008, Wheelchairs — Part 14: Power and control systems for electrically powered wheelchairs and scooters — Requirements and test methods ISO 7176-15:1996, Wheelchairs — Part 15: Requirements for information disclosure, documentation and labelling ISO 7176-19:2008, Wheelchairs — Part 19: Wheeled mobility devices for use as seats in motor vehicles ISO 7176-21:2009, Wheelchairs — Part 21: Requirements and test methods for electromagnetic compatibility of electrically powered wheelchairs and scooters, and battery chargers ISO 7176-22:2000, Wheelchairs — Part 22: Set-up procedures ISO 7176-26:2007, Wheelchairs — Part 26: Vocabulary ISO 8191

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