Wood-based panels - Wood veneer floor coverings

This European Standard defines terms and specifies requirements and test methods for wood veneer floor coverings with multilayer built up for internal use. It gives guidance for the evaluation of conformity of the products to the requirements of this standard.
This European Standard is not applicable to multilayer parquet elements with a minimum top layer thickness of 2,5 mm. For these products EN 13489 applies.

Holzwerkstoffe - Furnierte Fußbodenbeläge

Diese Europäische Norm definiert Benennungen und legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für furnierte, mehrschichtig aufgebaute Fußbodenbeläge zur Verwendung im Innenbereich fest. Es gibt eine Anleitung zur Konformitätsbewertung der Produkte in Bezug auf die Anforderungen dieser Norm.
Diese Europäische Norm ist nicht anwendbar auf Mehrschichtparkettelemente mit einer Deckschichtdicke von mindestens 2,5 mm. Für diese Produkte gilt EN 13489.

Panneaux à base de bois - Revêtements de sol à placage bois

La présente Norme européenne définit les termes et spécifie les exigences ainsi que les méthodes d’essai des revêtements de sol à placage bois ayant une structure multicouche pour usage intérieur. Elle fournit des préconisations pour l’évaluation de la conformité des produits au regard des exigences de la présente norme.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux éléments de parquet multicouche dont le parement présente une épaisseur supérieure ou égale à 2,5 mm. Pour ces produits, l’EN 13489 s’applique.

Lesne plošče - Furnirane talne obloge

Ta dokument določa definicije, zahteve in preskusne metode za furnirane talne obloge za notranjo uporabo. Podaja smernice za vrednotenje skladnosti izdelkov z zahtevami tega standarda. Furnirane talne obloge brez obdelave so izključene.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Jul-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Holzwerkstoffe - Furnierte FußbodenbelägePanneaux à base de bois - Revêtements de sol à placage boisWood-based panels - Wood veneer floor coverings97.150Talne oblogeFloor coverings79.080Polizdelki iz lesaSemi-manufactures of timberICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14354:2017SIST EN 14354:2017en,fr,de01-december-2017SIST EN 14354:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14354:2005/AC:2007SIST EN 14354:20051DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14354:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14354
July
t r s y ICS
y {ä r z r Supersedes EN
s v u w vã t r r vEnglish Version

Woodæbased panels æ Wood veneer floor coverings Panneaux à base de bois æ Revêtements de sol à placage bois

Holzwerkstoffe æ Furnierte Fußbodenbeläge This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t y February
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s v u w vã t r s y ESIST EN 14354:2017
EN 14354:2017 (E) 2

Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 4.2 General requirements ................................................................................................................................... 8 5 Classification requirements ........................................................................................................................ 9 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 5.2 Classification requirements for elements with lacquered surfaces .......................................... 10 6 Marking and packaging .............................................................................................................................. 10 6.1 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 10 6.2 Packaging ........................................................................................................................................................ 11 7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 11 Annex A (normative)

Determination of thickness, length, width, squareness, deviation from edge straightness and cup ......................................................................................................................... 12 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 A.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 12 A.3 Conditioning ................................................................................................................................................... 12 A.4 Test equipment ............................................................................................................................................. 12 A.5 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 13 A.5.1 Determination of thickness t ................................................................................................................... 13 A.5.2 Determination of length l .......................................................................................................................... 14 A.5.3 Determination of width w and dimensions of squared elements ............................................... 14 A.5.4 Determination of deviation from squareness q ................................................................................ 15 A.5.5 Determination of deviation of edge straightness s .......................................................................... 15 A.5.6 Determination of cup fw ............................................................................................................................ 16 A.6 Calculation and expression of results ................................................................................................... 16 A.6.1 Thickness t ...................................................................................................................................................... 16 A.6.2 Width w ............................................................................................................................................................ 16 A.6.3 Length l............................................................................................................................................................. 16 A.6.4 Deviation from squareness q ................................................................................................................... 16 A.6.5 Deviation from edge straightness s ....................................................................................................... 16 A.6.6 Cup fw ................................................................................................................................................................ 17 A.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 17 SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 3
Annex B (normative)

Determination of opening and lipping between elements .............................. 18 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 B.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 18 B.3 Conditioning ................................................................................................................................................... 18 B.4 Test equipment .............................................................................................................................................. 18 B.5 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 18 B.5.1 Assembling ...................................................................................................................................................... 18 B.5.2 Measuring of lipping .................................................................................................................................... 19 B.5.3 Measuring of openings ................................................................................................................................ 19 B.5.4 Calculation and expression of results ................................................................................................... 19 B.6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 19 Annex C (normative)

Determination of the elasticity of lacquer.............................................................. 20 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20 C.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 20 C.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 C.4 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 C.5 Calculation and expression of results ................................................................................................... 20 C.6 Evaluation of results, elasticity classification .................................................................................... 20 Annex D (normative)

Determination of the wear resistance using the falling sand method ......... 21 D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 D.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 21 D.3 Conditioning ................................................................................................................................................... 21 D.4 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 22 D.4.1 Testing machine ............................................................................................................................................ 22 D.4.2 Grit feeder and accessories ....................................................................................................................... 22 D.4.3 Additional material or equipment ......................................................................................................... 27 D.5 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 27 D.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 27 D.5.2 Maintenance of the abrading wheels ..................................................................................................... 27 D.5.3 Operation of the abrader ........................................................................................................................... 27 D.5.4 Calibration ....................................................................................................................................................... 28 D.5.5 Abrasion of test specimen ......................................................................................................................... 29 D.6 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 30 D.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 30 Annex E (normative)

Determination of abrasion resistance using the sand paper method .......... 31 E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31 SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 4

E.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 31 E.3 Conditioning ................................................................................................................................................... 31 E.4 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 32 E.4.1 Testing machine ........................................................................................................................................... 32 E.4.2 Additional material or equipment ......................................................................................................... 35 E.5 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 35 E.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35 E.5.2 Preparation of test specimens and abrasive papers ....................................................................... 36 E.5.3 Preparation of abrasive wheels .............................................................................................................. 36 E.5.4 Determination of the abrasion rate of abrasive paper ................................................................... 36 E.5.5 Abrasion of test specimen ......................................................................................................................... 36 E.5.6 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 38 E.5.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 38 Annex F (normative)

Determination of the adhesion of the lacquer — Cross cut test ..................... 39 F.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39 F.2 Test equipment ............................................................................................................................................. 39 F.2.1 Cutting tool ..................................................................................................................................................... 39 F.2.2 Spacing guide ................................................................................................................................................. 41 F.2.3 Soft brush ........................................................................................................................................................ 41 F.2.4 Transparent pressure-sensitive adhesive tape ................................................................................ 41 F.3 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 42 F.4 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 42 F.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42 F.4.2 Cutting and removing the lacquer .......................................................................................................... 42 F.5 Expression of the results ........................................................................................................................... 43 F.6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 44 Annex G (normative)

Complementary properties ........................................................................................ 45 Annex H (informative)

Guide for evaluation of conformity of product quality .................................. 46 H.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 46 H.2 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 46 H.3 Rules for evaluation of conformity ........................................................................................................ 47 H.3.1 Batch ................................................................................................................................................................. 47 H.3.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 47 H.3.3 Evaluation of conformity ........................................................................................................................... 47 H.4 Sampling report ............................................................................................................................................ 48 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 49 SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 5

European foreword This document (EN 14354:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 112 “Wood-based panels”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 14354:2004. Compared to EN 14354:2004 the following modifications have been made: a) definitions of lacquered and oiled surfaces were introduced; b) deletion of requirements on humidity variations as in 4.3; c) modifications of classification on wear resistance in Table 2 with two methods of testing; d) requirement for the locking strength in Table 2 for the classes 32 and 33; e) modified test method for abrasion resistance in Annex D; f) new method for abrasion resistance in Annex E; g) reference to test according ISO 24339 in Annex G. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 6

1 Scope This European Standard defines terms and specifies requirements and test methods for wood veneer floor coverings with multilayer built up for internal use. It gives guidance for the evaluation of conformity of the products to the requirements of this standard. This European Standard is not applicable to multilayer parquet elements with a minimum top layer thickness of 2,5 mm. For these products EN 13489 applies. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 319, Particleboards and fibreboards — Determination of tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board EN 322, Wood-based panels — Determination of moisture content EN 438-2:2016, High-pressure decorative laminates (HPL) — Sheets based on thermosetting resins (usually called laminates) — Part 2: Determination of properties EN 1534, Wood flooring — Determination of resistance to indentation — Test method EN 13329:2016, Laminate floor coverings — Elements with a surface layer based on aminoplastic thermosetting resins — Specifications, requirements and test methods EN 13442, Wood flooring and wood panelling and cladding — Determination of the resistance to chemical agents EN 16094, Laminate floor coverings — Test method for the determination of micro-scratch resistance EN 60454–2, Specification for pressure-sensitive adhesive tapes for electrical purposes — Part 2: Methods of test (IEC 60454-2) EN ISO 868:2003, Plastics and ebonite — Determination of indentation hardness by means of a durometer (Shore hardness) (ISO 868:2003) EN ISO 10874, Resilient, textile and laminate floor coverings — Classification (ISO 10874) EN ISO 6506-1, Metallic materials — Brinell hardness test — Part 1: Test method (ISO 6506-1) ISO 48, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of hardness (hardness between 10 IRHD and 100 IRHD) ISO 7267-2, Rubber-covered rollers — Determination of apparent hardness — Part 2: Shore-type durometer method ISO 24334, Laminate floor coverings — Determination of locking strength for mechanically assembled panels ISO 24339, Laminate and textile floor coverings — Determination of dimensional variations after exposure to humid and dry climate conditions SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 7

ASTM D 785, Standard test method for Rockwell hardness of plastics and electrical insulating materials FEPA-Standard 42-1, Grains of fused aluminium oxide, silicon carbide and other abrasive materials for bonded abrasives and for general applications Macrogrits F 4 to F 220 FEPA-standard 44-1, Grains of fused aluminium oxide and silicon carbide abrasive materials — Part 1: Determination of bulk density — Macrogrits F and P series 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 wood veneer floor covering rigid floor covering consisting of a substrate made from a wood-based panel, with a top layer of wood veneer and possibly a backing 3.2 top layer finished upper wood layer, intended to be the visible side when the floor is installed 3.3 substrate core material of the wood veneer floor covering 3.4 backing layer opposite to the top layer 3.5 wood veneer floor covering element smallest single item identified as the complete product, shaped and machined on its sides to the appropriate dimensions Note 1 to entry: The element is provided with a suitable system allowing the elements to be assembled together at installation. 3.6 cup curvature, concave or convex, of the element across the width of the face 3.7 lipping difference in height, at the edge, between the upper faces of two adjacent and assembled elements when laid on a flat surface 3.8 deviation from edge straightness concavity or convexity of the edge of the element along the length between the two ends of the element 3.9 wear layer layer on which wearing occur SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 8

3.10 lacquered surface film-forming coating with a minimum thickness of 20 µm 3.11 oiled surface non film forming coating with in general less wear resistance can be provided only by maintenance Note 1 to entry: These are products containing natural oil, wax or other material for impregnation. 4 Requirements 4.1 General All wood veneer floor coverings shall comply with the general requirements given in Table 1. Wood veneer floor coverings with lacquered surface shall comply with the classification requirements given in Table 2. The values given in this Table take account of uncertainties due to variations in the application of finishes and of those described in the test method in Annex D and Annex E. 4.2 General requirements The nominal dimensions shall be declared by the manufacturer at a given humidity. For appearance for evaluation of conformity, to be used when requested about product quality, the procedure in Annex H may be used. The wood veneers used for the top layer are hardwood or softwood species and shall be free from decay and insect attack. Variations of colour can occur under the influence of light. SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 9

Table 1 — General requirements Characteristics Requirements Test methods Moisture content H (dispatch from manufacturer) 5 %

Haverage
9 % and Hmax – Hmin
3 % EN 322 Thickness t of an element tmax – tmin
0,50 mm taverage – tnominal
± 0,50 mm
Length l of the top layer in the same package l
1 500 mm: lmax – lmin
0,50 mm l > 1 500 mm: lmax – lmin
0,30 mm/m laverage – lnominal ≤ 1 mm
Width w of the top layer in the same package wmax – wmin
0,20 mm waverage – wnominal
0,10 mm
Length l and width w of squared elements l = w laverage – lnominal
0,10 mm waverage – wnominal
0,10 mm lmax – lmin
0,20 mm wmax – wmin
0,20 mm Annex A Deviation of squareness qmax
0,20 mm
Deviation from edge straightness of the top layer s smax
0,30 mm/m
Cup fw in width direction |fw max |
0,20 % |fw average |
0,15 %
Lipping p pmax
0,15 mm Annex B Opening between elements
0,20 mm
Adhesion of the lacquera
class 2 Annex F Internal bond of the substrateb
1,25 N/mm2 EN 319 Surface soundness

1,00 N/mm2 EN 13329:2016, Annex D max is maximum value min is minimum value a Not applicable for oiled surfaces. b For the mechanical assembly systems only (assembly system without glue). 5 Classification requirements 5.1 General Veneer floor coverings shall be classified as suitable for different levels of use, according to the performance requirements specified in Table 2, when tested with the methods given therein. Classification shall conform to the scheme specified in EN ISO 10874 (levels 21, 22, 23, 31, 32, 33). The SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 10

use classification defined in the Table 2 had been fixed on the basis of the material (wood veneer) and the linked test methods. 5.2 Classification requirements for elements with lacquered surfaces The classification requirements for elements with lacquered surfaces are given in Table 2. For the use of this table the producer has to declare which abrasion resistance test method has been used (Annex D or Annex E) and in the case of Annex D the thickness of the top layer. Table 2 — Classification requirements for elements with lacquered surfaces ex- factory Class 21 22 23 31 32 33 Test method Symbol

Level of use Domestic Commercial
Moderate General Heavy Moderate General Heavy Resistance to indentation
10 N/mm2
20 N/mm2
30 N/mm2
40 N/mm2 EN 1534 Thickness swelling
15 %

10 % EN 13329:2016 Annex G Impact resistance (Elasticity) EC 0 EC 1 EC 2 EC 3 Annex C Wear resistance 1,0 mm < top layer < 2,5 mm 800 revolutions 1 500 revolutions 3 000 revolutions Annex D Wear resistance Top layer

1,0 mm 1 000 revolutions 2 000 revolutions 4 000 revolutions 6 000 revolutions Annex D Wear resistance Alternative method 900 revolutions 1 500 revolutions 2 000 revolutions 4 000 revolutions Annex E Locking strength No requirement Length

1,0 KN/m Short side

2,0 KN/m ISO 24334 6 Marking and packaging 6.1 Marking Wood veneer floor coverings which comply with the requirements of this standard shall have the following information marked by the manufacturer, either on their packaging, or on a label or information sheet included in the packaging. a) product name and number of this document, EN 14354; b) level of use and used abrasion test method (EN 14354:2017, Annex D or E); SIST EN 14354:2017

EN 14354:2017 (E) 11

c) wood species of the top layer and thickness of the top layer in the case of use of abrasion method according to EN 14354:2017, Annex D; d) nominal dimensions of one element: thickness × width × length in millimetres; e) the number of elements contained in a package; f) the area in square metres contained in a package; g) manufac

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