Information technology - Learning, education and training - Metadata for learning resources - Part 1: Framework (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)

The primary purpose of ISO/IEC 19788 is to specify metadata elements and their attributes for the description of learning resources. This includes the rules governing the identification of data elements and the specification of their attributes.
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011 provides data elements for the description of learning resources and resources directly related to learning resources.
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011 provides principles, rules and structures for the specification of the description of a learning resource; it identifies and specifies the attributes of a data element as well as the rules governing their use. The key principles stated in ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011 are informed by a user requirements-driven context with the aim of supporting multilingual and cultural adaptability requirements from a global perspective.
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011 is information-technology-neutral and defines a set of common approaches, i.e. methodologies and constructs, which apply to the development of the subsequent parts of ISO/IEC 19788.

Informationstechnik - Lernen, Ausbilden und Weiterbilden - Metadaten für Lernressourcen - Teil 1: Das Rahmenwerk (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)

Technologies de l'information - Apprentissage, éducation et formation - Métadonnées pour ressources d'apprentissage - Partie 1: Charpente (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)

L'ISO/CEI 19788 vise en premier lieu à spécifier les éléments de métadonnées et leurs attributs nécessaires à la description des ressources pédagogiques. Elle inclut les règles régissant l'identification des éléments de métadonnées et la spécification de leurs attributs.
L'ISO/CEI 19788 fournit des éléments de données nécessaires à la description des ressources pédagogiques et des ressources directement liées aux ressources pédagogiques.
L'ISO/CEI 19788-1:2011 fournit les principes, les règles et les structures relatifs à la spécification de la description d'une ressource pédagogique. Elle identifie et spécifie les attributs d'un élément de données de même que les règles régissant leur utilisation. Les principes clés établis dans l'ISO/CEI 19788-1:2011 sont tirés du contexte dicté par les exigences des utilisateurs en vue de prendre en compte des exigences d'adaptabilité relatives au multilinguisme et au multiculturalisme dans une perspective globale.
L'ISO/CEI 19788-1:2011 est neutre en termes de technologie de l'information et définit un ensemble d'approches communes, c'est-à-dire les méthodologies et les structures, qui s'appliquent au développement des parties ultérieures de l'ISO/CEI 19788.

Informacijska tehnologija - Učenje, izobraževanje in usposabljanje - Metapodatki za učne vire - 1. del: Okvir (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Dec-2012
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
12-Dec-2012
Completion Date
12-Dec-2012

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
01-marec-2014
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Information technology - Learning, education and training - Metadata for learning

resources - Part 1: Framework (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)
Informationstechnik - Lernen, Ausbilden und Weiterbilden - Metadaten für
Lernressourcen - Teil 1: Das Rahmenwerk (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)

Technologies de l'information - Apprentissage, éducation et formation - Métadonnées

pour ressources d'apprentissage - Partie 1: Charpente (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2012
ICS:
03.180 Vzgoja in izobraževanje Education
35.240.99 8SRUDEQLãNHUHãLWYH,7QD IT applications in other fields
GUXJLKSRGURþMLK
SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO/IEC 19788-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2012
ICS 03.100.30; 35.240.99
English Version
Information technology - Learning, education and training -
Metadata for learning resources - Part 1: Framework (ISO/IEC
19788-1:2011)

Technologies de l'information - Apprentissage, éducation et Informationstechnik - Lernen, Ausbilden und Weiterbilden -

formation - Métadonnées pour ressources d'apprentissage Metadaten für Lernressourcen - Teil 1: Das Rahmenwerk

- Partie 1: Charpente (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011) (ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 November 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2012 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011 has been prepared by Technical Committee JTC 1 “Information

technology” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) and has been taken over as EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2012 by Technical Committee

CEN/TC 353 “Information and Communication Technologies for Learning, Education and Training” the

secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by June 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2012 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 19788-1
First edition
2011-01-15
Information technology — Learning,
education and training — Metadata for
learning resources —
Part 1:
Framework
Technologies de l'information — Apprentissage, éducation et
formation — Métadonnées pour ressources d'apprentissage —
Partie 1: Charpente
Reference number
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
ISO/IEC 2011
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
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ii © ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
Contents Page

Foreword .............................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction........................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

4 Abbreviated terms.................................................................................................................................6

5 Principles governing the development of ISO/IEC 19788 .................................................................6

5.1 A multipart standard .............................................................................................................................6

5.2 Development driven by user requirements ........................................................................................6

5.3 Multilingual equivalencies and multicultural requirements support ...............................................7

5.4 Support for various levels of granularity............................................................................................7

5.5 Re-use of international standards and specifications.......................................................................7

5.6 User extensions.....................................................................................................................................7

6 Specification of MLR data elements....................................................................................................7

6.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................................7

6.2 Data element specification attributes..................................................................................................7

6.3 Data element specification: Matrix template ....................................................................................12

6.4 A “Data element specification” example ..........................................................................................12

7 MLR data elements..............................................................................................................................13

7.1 Data element ........................................................................................................................................13

8 Resource class ....................................................................................................................................14

8.1 Definition of a Resource class ...........................................................................................................14

8.2 Attributes of a Resource class...........................................................................................................14

8.3 Example of the definition of a Resource class.................................................................................15

8.4 Predefined Resource classes ............................................................................................................15

9 Predefined rule sets ............................................................................................................................16

9.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................................16

9.2 MLR string............................................................................................................................................16

9.3 Date.......................................................................................................................................................17

9.4 Date & Time..........................................................................................................................................17

9.5 Duration................................................................................................................................................18

10 Metadata learning resource record ...................................................................................................18

10.1 Definition of a MLR record..................................................................................................................18

10.2 Attributes of a MLR record .................................................................................................................18

11 Data element groups...........................................................................................................................19

11.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................................19

11.2 Data element group.............................................................................................................................19

11.3 Data element group specification attributes ....................................................................................19

11.4 Specification of a data element group ..............................................................................................21

11.5 Tree notation for data element group specifications ......................................................................24

12 Specification of application profiles..................................................................................................24

12.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................................24

12.2 Application profile attributes .............................................................................................................25

12.3 Data element specification in an application profile specification ................................................26

12.4 Issues related to vocabularies ...........................................................................................................26

12.5 Specification of an application profile ..............................................................................................26

© ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)

13 Rules governing the management and addition of new parts of the multipart MLR................... 27

13.1 Introduction......................................................................................................................................... 27

13.2 Categorization of ISO/IEC 19788 Parts ............................................................................................. 27

13.3 Content of parts specifying data elements ...................................................................................... 27

13.4 Content of parts specifying MLR application profiles .................................................................... 29

13.5 Other rules........................................................................................................................................... 30

Annex A (informative) Clause 3 terms and definitions: ISO French and Chinese..................................... 31

Annex B (normative) MLR Identifiers............................................................................................................. 46

Annex C (informative) Concept Maps for the MLR-1 .................................................................................... 49

Bibliography..................................................................................................................................................... 53

Index of Clause 3 terms and definitions........................................................................................................ 54

iv © ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of

ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees

established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC

technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental

and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work. In the field of information

technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of the joint technical committee is to prepare International Standards. Draft International

Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication as

an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/IEC 19788-1 was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology,

Subcommittee SC 36, Information technology for learning, education and training.

ISO/IEC 19788 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information technology — Learning,

education and training — Metadata for learning resources:
⎯ Part 1: Framework
⎯ Part 2: Dublin Core elements
The following parts are under preparation:
⎯ Part 3: Basic application profile
⎯ Part 5: Educational elements
⎯ Part 6: Availability, distribution, and intellectual property elements
Technical elements will form the subject of a future Part 4.
© ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
Introduction

The primary purpose of ISO/IEC 19788 is to facilitate: (1) the description of a learning resource by providing a

standards-based approach to the identification and specification of the metadata elements required to

describe a learning resource, e.g. as a metadata learning resource (MLR) record; and (2) the search,

discovery, acquisition, evaluation, and use of learning resources, for instance by learners, instructors or

automated software processes. The interoperability of these functions can be achieved through harvesting or

federated search processes, among other technologies and solutions. ISO/IEC 19788 is based on identified

user requirements.

This part of ISO/IEC 19788 includes rules for the assignment and management of identifiers, and the

development of subsequent parts fulfilling specific user needs.

Additionally, this part of ISO/IEC 19788 specifies how to define application profiles.

At the same time, ISO/IEC 19788 takes into account the diversity of cultural and linguistic contexts in which

learning resources and their metadata are likely to be created and exploited. ISO/IEC 19788 also facilitates

the sharing and reuse of learning resource descriptions by providing specific elements to support metadata

harvesting.

ISO/IEC 19788 aims to specify data elements relating to learning resources to be expressed in a range of

established formats, providing optimal compatibility with IEEE 1484.12.1-2002 and ISO 15836:2009

(see Bibliography), while also addressing user-driven requirements and uses not explicitly addressed in those

two standards. These data elements are used to form the description of a learning resource.

In addition to this part of ISO/IEC 19788, ISO/IEC 19788-2 and ISO/IEC 19788-3, ISO/IEC 19788 is modularly

structured with all subsequent parts having a distinct scope. Each of these parts represents a specified set of

user requirements for the identification and specification of data elements having a particular focus and

intended use in the description of a learning resource. This includes categories of data elements focused on

technical perspectives, educational (pedagogical) aspects, availability and intellectual property aspects,

classification schemes, life cycle management, registration, etc. This also includes the use of application

profiles stating the rules for combining metadata elements from various parts of ISO/IEC 19788 and other

specifications to support the description of a learning resource, e.g. a MLR record, in a particular context, as

well as that of a particular jurisdictional domain, organization, public administration, etc.

The identification and specification of particular metadata elements are not included in this part of

ISO/IEC 19788 but in subsequent parts. Also excluded from this part of ISO/IEC 19788 are the specification of

bindings for data elements (e.g. XML bindings) and the description of particular application profiles. These will

be considered in subsequent parts. Nevertheless, XML snippets can be used in an informal way in examples.

The following aspects might be addressed in a subsequent edition of ISO/IEC 19788-1 or in another part of

ISO/IEC 19788:
• additional data element specification attributes;

• registration of MLR records (see 3.23) and assignment of their unique identifiers;

• detailed rules governing coded domains;
• Person as a learning resource.
vi © ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
Information technology — Learning, education and training —
Metadata for learning resources —
Part 1:
Framework
1 Scope

The primary purpose of ISO/IEC 19788 is to specify metadata elements and their attributes for the description

of learning resources. This includes the rules governing the identification of data elements and the

specification of their attributes.
NOTE All concepts are defined in Clause 3.

ISO/IEC 19788 provides data elements for the description of learning resources and resources directly related

to learning resources.

This part of ISO/IEC 19788 provides principles, rules and structures for the specification of the description of a

learning resource; it identifies and specifies the attributes of a data element as well as the rules governing

their use. The key principles stated in this part of ISO/IEC 19788 are informed by a user requirements-driven

context with the aim of supporting multilingual and cultural adaptability requirements from a global

perspective.

This part of ISO/IEC 19788 is information-technology-neutral and defines a set of common approaches,

i.e. methodologies and constructs, which apply to the development of the subsequent parts of ISO/IEC 19788.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 639-2:1998(E/F), Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code/Codes

pour la représentation des noms de langue — Partie 2: Code alpha-3

ISO 639-3:2007(E), Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 3: Alpha-3 code for

comprehensive coverage of languages

ISO 8601:2004(E), Data elements and interchange formats — Information interchange — Representation of

dates and times

ISO/IEC 10646:2003(E), Information technology — Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS)

© ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
application profile

defined structured collection of data element specifications (3.14) chosen to satisfy the particular needs of a

community or communities

NOTE The data element specifications are from the various parts of ISO/IEC 19788 and from other sources.

3.2
application profile record

specified set of data elements (3.11) describing a specific learning resource (3.20) and obeying the

rules (3.32) of a specific application profile (3.1)
3.3
application profile specification

description of an application profile (3.1) by providing its attribute values (3.5) and a description of its

underlying data element group specification (3.13)
3.4
attribute
characteristic of an object or entity (3.17)
[ISO/IEC 11179-1:2004, 3.1.1]
3.5
attribute value

information recorded as the content of an attribute (3.4) in a data element specification (3.14), data

element group specification (3.13) or application profile specification (3.3)
3.6
conditional
required under certain specified conditions
[ISO/IEC 11179-3:2003, 3.2.9]

NOTE One of the obligation statuses applied to the attributes of a data element (in a data element specification),

indicating the conditions under which an attribute value is required.
3.7
conformant data element

data element (3.11) that obeys the rules (3.32) of its data element specification (3.14)

3.8
conforming MLR record

MLR record (3.24) in which all the data elements (3.11) are conformant data elements (3.7)

3.9
conforming MLR record relative to an application profile

conforming MLR record (3.8) for which the additional conditions specified in the application profile

specification (3.3) are satisfied by all the data elements (3.11) in the MLR record

3.10
content value

information recorded as the content of the data element (3.11), in compliance with its data element

specification (3.14)
2 © ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
3.11
data element
unit of data described in a data element specification (3.14)
[ISO 9735-1:2002, 4.28]
3.12
data element group

identified, named set of related data elements (3.11) and/or data element groups (3.12) as described in a

data element group specification (3.13)
NOTE A data element group is a structured set of data elements.
3.13
data element group specification

description of the data elements (3.11) or data element groups (3.12) constituting the data element group

under consideration
3.14
data element specification

set of attributes (3.4) and attribute value (3.5) rules characterizing a set of data elements (3.11)

NOTE Adapted from the definition of “simple data element specification” in ISO/IEC 9735-1:2002, 4.106.

3.15
definition

representation of a concept by a descriptive statement which serves to differentiate it from related concepts

[ISO 1087-1:2000, 3.3.1]
3.16
domain

〈data element〉 resource class (3.31) whose resources (3.30) are described by the data element (3.11)

under consideration

NOTE A central resource class for ISO/IEC 19788 is Learning Resource (the set of all learning resources).

3.17
entity

any concrete or abstract thing that exists, did exist, or might exist, including associations among these things

NOTE An entity exists whether data about it are available or not.
EXAMPLE Person, object, event, idea, process, etc.
[ISO/IEC 2382-17:1999, 17.02.05]
3.18
extension

〈rule set〉 set of all strings (3.35) satisfying all the lexical rules in the rule set (3.33) under consideration

3.19
identifier
sequence of characters capable of uniquely identifying an entity (3.17)
NOTE 1 An identifier is linguistically neutral, with no translation provided.

NOTE 2 An identifier may be of the nature of a composite identifier, i.e. a unique identifier, consisting of two or more

identifiers and/or other data elements, whose inter-workings are rule-based and which together serve as a “single”

identifier.
© ISO/IEC 2011 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO/IEC 19788-1:2014
ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011(E)
3.20
learning resource
resource (3.30) used for learning, education and training
3.21
literal
string (3.35) representing a value
3.22
mandatory
always required
[ISO/IEC 11179-3:2003, 3.2.17]

NOTE 1 One of the obligation statuses applied to the attributes of a data element (in a data element specification),

indicating the conditions under which an attribute value is required.
3.23
metadata element
data element(s) (3.11) used to describe a learning resource (3.20)
3.24
MLR record

specified set of data elements (3.11) describing a learning resource (3.20) and resources directly related to

that learning resource

NOTE If the data elements are stored as XML elements in a file (XML document), for example, the MLR record

consists of the whole XML document.
3.25
name
designation of an object by a linguistic expression
[ISO/IEC 11179-1:2004, 3.2.21]
3.26
obligation status

〈attribute〉 indication of whether or not a value for the attribute (3.4) is to be provided

NOTE The obligation status is mandatory (3.22), conditional (3.6) or optional (3.27).

3.27
optional
permitted but not required

NOTE 1 One of the obligation statuses applied to the attributes of a data element (in a data element specification),

indicating the conditions under which an attribute value is required.
NOTE 2 Adapted from ISO/IEC 11179-3:2003, 3.2.28].
3.28
range

〈data element〉 resource class (3.31) to which the content values (3.10) of the data element (3.11) belong,

or set of literals (3.21) comprising the string representations of the permissible values of the data element

under considerat
...

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