Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications

IEC 61960:2011 specifies performance tests, designations, markings, dimensions and other requirements for secondary lithium single cells and batteries for portable applications. The objective of this standard is to provide the purchasers and users of secondary lithium cells and batteries with a set of criteria with which they can judge the performance of secondary lithium cells and batteries offered by various manufacturers. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003. It is a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - 7.6 Endurance in cycles: addition of an accelerated test procedure.

Akkumulatoren und Batterien mit alkalischen oder anderen nichtsäurehaltigen Elektrolyten - Lithium-Akkumulatoren und -batterien für tragbare Geräte

Accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide - Eléments et batteries d'accumulateurs au lithium pour applications portables

La CEI 61960:2011 spécifie les essais de performance, les désignations, les marquages, les dimensions et autres exigences pour les éléments individuels et les batteries d'accumulateurs au lithium pour applications portables. L'objectif de la présente norme est de fournir aux acheteurs et aux utilisateurs d'accu-mulateurs au lithium un ensemble de critères au moyen desquels ils seront en mesure de juger de la performance des différents accumulateurs au lithium proposés par différents fabricants. Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2003. Elle constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: - 7.6 Endurance en cycles: ajout d'une méthode d'essai accélérée.

Sekundarni celice in baterije z alkalnimi ali drugimi nekislinskimi elektroliti - Sekundarni litijevi členi in baterije za prenosne naprave

Ta mednarodni standard določa preskuse učinkovitosti, oznake, označevanje, mere in druge zahteve za sekundarne litijeve člene in baterije za prenosne naprave. Namen tega standarda je kupcem in uporabnikom sekundarnih litijevih členov in baterij zagotoviti nabor meril, s katerimi lahko presojajo učinkovitost sekundarnih litijevih členov in baterij, ki jih ponujajo različni proizvajalci. Ta standard opredeljuje minimalno zahtevano raven učinkovitosti in standardizirano metodologijo, s katero se izvaja preskušanje, ter rezultate preskušanja, ki se poročajo uporabniku. Tako bodo uporabniki lahko ugotovili viabilnost komercialno dostopnih členov in baterij prek deklarirane specifikacije in bodo lahko izbrali člen ali baterijo, ki najbolj ustreza namenu uporabe. Ta standard zajema sekundarne litijeve člene in baterije z različnimi kemičnimi sestavami. Vsaka elektrokemijska vrsta ima značilen razpon napetosti, pri kateri sprošča električno kapaciteto, značilno nazivno napetost in značilno napetost ob koncu razelektritve. Uporabniki sekundarnih litijevih členov in baterij naj se posvetujejo s proizvajalcem. Večje tehnične spremembe, ki jih vključuje ta izdaja glede na prejšnjo, so naslednje: 7.6 Vzdržljivost pri ciklih: dodan je pospešeni preskusni postopek.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
25-Aug-2011
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
21-Oct-2011
Completion Date
26-Aug-2011

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61960:2011
01-oktober-2011

6HNXQGDUQLFHOLFHLQEDWHULMH]DONDOQLPLDOLGUXJLPLQHNLVOLQVNLPLHOHNWUROLWL

6HNXQGDUQLOLWLMHYLþOHQLLQEDWHULMH]DSUHQRVQHQDSUDYH

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes -

Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications
Akkumulatoren und Batterien mit alkalischem oder anderen nichtsäurehaltigen
Elektrolyten - Lithium-Akkumulatoren und -batterien für tragbare Geräte

Accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide - Eléments et

batteries d'accumulateurs au lithium pour applications portables
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61960:2011
ICS:
29.220.30 $ONDOQLVHNXQGDUQLþOHQLLQ Alkaline secondary cells and
EDWHULMH batteries
SIST EN 61960:2011 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 61960
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2011
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 29.220.99 Supersedes EN 61960:2004
English version
Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolytes -
Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications
(IEC 61960:2011)
Accumulateurs alcalins et autres Akkumulatoren und Batterien mit
accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide - alkalischen oder anderen
Eléments et batteries d'accumulateurs au nichtsäurehaltigen Elektrolyten -
lithium pour applications portables Lithium-Akkumulatoren und -batterien für
(CEI 61960:2011) tragbare Geräte
(IEC 61960:2011)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2011-07-21. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2011 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 61960:2011 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
EN 61960:2011 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 21A/486/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 61960, prepared by SC 21A, Secondary cells

and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes, of IEC TC 21, Secondary cells and

batteries, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and was approved by CENELEC as

EN 61960 on 2011-07-21.
This European Standard supersedes EN 61960:2004.

EN 61960:2011 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 61960:2004:

— 7.6 Endurance in cycles: addition of an accelerated test procedure.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN and CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
The following dates were fixed:
– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2012-04-21
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2014-07-21
Annex ZA has been added by CENELEC.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61960:2011 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60051 series NOTE Harmonized in EN 60051 series.
IEC 61434 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61434.
IEC 61959 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61959.
IEC 62133 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62133.
IEC 62281 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62281.
__________
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
- 3 - EN 61960:2011
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-482 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - - -
Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and
batteries
IEC 61000-4-2 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - EN 61000-4-2 -
Part 4-2: Testing and measurement
techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity
test
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
IEC 61960
Edition 2.0 2011-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolytes – Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications
Accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide –
Éléments et batteries d'accumulateurs au lithium pour applications portables
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX Q
ICS 29.220.99 ISBN 978-2-88912-538-8
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
– 2 – 61960 © IEC:2011
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................... 5

4 Parameter measurement tolerances ................................................................................. 6

5 Cell designation and marking............................................................................................ 7

5.1 Cell and battery designation .................................................................................... 7

5.2 Cell or battery termination ....................................................................................... 8

5.3 Marking ................................................................................................................... 8

6 Standard cells .................................................................................................................. 8

7 Electrical tests .................................................................................................................. 8

7.1 General ................................................................................................................... 8

7.2 Charging procedure for test purposes ...................................................................... 9

7.3 Discharge performance ........................................................................................... 9

7.3.1 Discharge performance at 20 °C (rated capacity) ......................................... 9

7.3.2 Discharge performance at –20 °C ................................................................ 9

7.3.3 High rate discharge performance at 20 °C ................................................... 9

7.4 Charge (capacity) retention and recovery .............................................................. 10

7.5 Charge (capacity) recovery after long term storage ............................................... 10

7.6 Endurance in cycles .............................................................................................. 11

7.6.1 General ..................................................................................................... 11

7.6.2 Endurance in cycles at a rate of 0,2 I A .................................................... 11

7.6.3 Endurance in cycles at a rate of 0,5 I A (accelerated test procedure) ........ 11

7.7 Battery internal resistance ..................................................................................... 11

7.7.1 General ..................................................................................................... 11

7.7.2 Measurement of the internal a.c. resistance ............................................... 12

7.7.3 Measurement of the internal d.c. resistance ............................................... 12

7.8 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) ................................................................................ 13

7.8.1 General ..................................................................................................... 13

7.8.2 Test procedure .......................................................................................... 13

7.8.3 Acceptance criterion .................................................................................. 13

8 Test protocol and conditions for type approval ................................................................ 13

8.1 Test protocol ......................................................................................................... 13

8.2 Conditions for type approval .................................................................................. 13

8.2.1 Dimensions ............................................................................................... 13

8.2.2 Electrical tests ........................................................................................... 13

8.2.3 Conditional type approval ........................................................................... 14

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 17

Table 1 – Standard secondary lithium cells ............................................................................. 8

Table 2 – Endurance in cycles at a rate of 0,2 I A ................................................................ 11

Table 3 – Endurance in cycles at a rate of 0,5 I A ................................................................ 11

Table 4 – Sample sizes and sequence of tests ...................................................................... 15

Table 5 – Minimum requirements for each type of standard secondary lithium cells and

batteries ............................................................................................................................... 16

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
61960 © IEC:2011 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING
ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES –
SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES
FOR PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61960 has been prepared by subcommittee 21A: Secondary cells

and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes, of IEC technical committee 21:

Secondary cells and batteries.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003. It is a technical

revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
• 7.6 Endurance in cycles: addition of an accelerated test procedure.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
– 4 – 61960 © IEC:2011
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
21A/486/FDIS 21A/490/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
61960 © IEC:2011 – 5 –
SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING
ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES –
SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES
FOR PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies performance tests, designations, markings, dimensions

and other requirements for secondary lithium single cells and batteries for portable

applications.

The objective of this standard is to provide the purchasers and users of secondary lithium

cells and batteries with a set of criteria with which they can judge the performance of

secondary lithium cells and batteries offered by various manufacturers.
This standard defines a minimum required level of performance and a standardized

methodology by which testing is performed and the results of this testing reported to the user.

Hence, users will be able to establish the viability of commercially available cells and

batteries via the declared specification and thus be able to select the cell or battery best

suited for their intended application.

This standard covers secondary lithium cells and batteries with a range of chemistries. Each

electrochemical couple has a characteristic voltage range over which it releases its electrical

capacity, a characteristic nominal voltage and a characteristic end-of-discharge voltage during

discharge. Users of secondary lithium cells and batteries are requested to consult the

manufacturer for advice.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document.

For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition

of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60050-482, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) – Part 482: Primary and

secondary cells and batteries

IEC 61000-4-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-2: Testing and measurement

techniques – Electrostatic discharge immunity test
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in the IEC 60050-482, as

well as the following apply.
3.1
charge recovery

capacity that a cell or battery can deliver after the charge following the charge retention test

according to 3.2
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 61960:2011
– 6 – 61960 © IEC:2011
3.2
charge retention
capacity retention

capacity that a cell or battery can deliver after storage, at a specific temperature, for a

specific time without subsequent recharging as a percentage of the rated capacity

3.3
final voltage
end-of-discharge voltage

specified closed circuit voltage at which a discharge of a cell or battery is terminated

3.4
nominal voltage

suitable approximate value of voltage used to designate or identify a cell, or a battery

NOTE 1 The nominal voltages of secondary lithium cells are given in Table 1.

NOTE 2 The nominal voltage of a battery of n series connected cells is equal to n times the nominal voltage of a

single cell.
3.5
rated capacity

quantity of electricity C Ah (ampere-hours) declared by the manufacturer which a single cell

or battery can deliver during a 5-h period, when charged, stored and discharged under the

conditions specified in 7.3.1
3.6
secondary lithium battery

unit which incorporates one or more secondary lithium cells and which is ready for use. It

incorporates adequate housing and a terminal arrangement and may have electronic control

devices
3.7
secondary lithium cell

secondary single cell whose electrical energy is derived from the oxidation and the reduction

of lithium. It is not ready for use in an application because it is not yet fitted with its final

housing, terminal arrangement and electronic control device
4 Par
...

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