Earth-moving machinery - Falling-object protective structures - Laboratory tests and performance requirements (ISO 3449:2005)

This International Standard specifies laboratory tests for measuring the structural characteristics of, and gives performance requirements in a representative test for, falling-object protective structures (FOPS) intended for use on ride-on earth-moving machines as defined in ISO 6165. It is applicable to both FOPS supplied as an integral part of the machine and those supplied separately for attachment to the machine. It is not intended to apply to FOPS intended for use on landfill compactors, excavators, rollers, trenchers, pipelayers, for the additional seat for operation of an attachment (e.g. attachment backhoe), or on machines with a power rating of less than 15 kW.

Erdbaumaschinen - Schutzaufbauten gegen herabfallende Gegenstände - Prüfungen und Anforderungen (ISO 3449:2005)

Diese Internationale Norm beschreibt die Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung der baulichen Eigenschaften und
Anforderungen bei einer repräsentativen Prüfung eines Schutzaufbaus gegen herabfallende Gegenstände
(FOPS) für Erdbaumaschinen mit aufsitzendem Maschinenführer, wie in ISO 6165 definiert. Sie gilt sowohl für
FOPS, die ein integraler Bestandteil der Maschine sind, als auch für solche, die separat an die Maschine
angebaut sind. Sie gilt nicht für FOPS für Müllverdichter, Bagger, Walzen, Grabenfräsen, Rohrleger,
Maschinen, die in Verbindung mit einer Arbeitsausrüstung einen zusätzlichen Sitz aufweisen (z. B. Anbau-
Heckbagger) oder Maschinen mit einer Leistung < 15 kW.
ANMERKUNG Diese Internationale Norm kann dazu benutzt werden, eine Anleitung für den Hersteller von Schutzaufbauten
gegen herabfallende Gegenstände zu geben, falls solche Schutzaufbauten für in dieser Norm behandelte und
andere Maschinen mit bestimmter Anwendung bereit gestellt werden sollen.

Engins de terrassement - Structures de protection contre les chutes d'objets - Essais de laboratoire et critères de performance (ISO 3449:2005)

L'ISO 3449:2005 spécifie des essais de laboratoire destinés à établir les caractéristiques structurelles, et fournit des exigences de performance lors d'un essai représentatif des structures de protection contre les chutes d'objets (FOPS) destinées à être utilisées dans des engins de terrassement à conducteur porté, tels que définis dans l'ISO 6165. Elle est applicable aussi bien aux FOPS faisant partie intégrante de l'engin qu'à celles qui sont fournies séparément pour être fixées à un engin. Elle n'est pas destinée à s'appliquer aux FOPS pour compacteurs de remblais, pelles, compacteurs, trancheuses, poseurs de canalisations, pour le siège supplémentaire nécessité par le fonctionnement d'un accessoire (par exemple chargeuse-pelleteuse), ou pour les engins de moins de 15 kW de puissance nominale.

Stroji za zemeljska dela - Zaščita pred padajočimi predmeti - Laboratorijski preskusi in zahteve (ISO 3449:2005)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
05-Oct-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
24-Sep-2008
Due Date
29-Nov-2008
Completion Date
06-Oct-2008

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
01-november-2008
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 3449:2005
6WURML]D]HPHOMVNDGHOD=DãþLWDSUHGSDGDMRþLPLSUHGPHWL/DERUDWRULMVNL
SUHVNXVLLQ]DKWHYH ,62

Earth-moving machinery - Falling-object protective structures - Laboratory tests and

performance requirements (ISO 3449:2005)
Erdbaumaschinen - Schutzaufbauten gegen herabfallende Gegenstände - Prüfungen
und Anforderungen (ISO 3449:2005)

Engins de terrassement - Structures de protection contre les chutes d'objets - Essais de

laboratoire et critères de performance (ISO 3449:2005)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 3449:2008
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
SIST EN ISO 3449:2008 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 3449
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2008
ICS 53.100 Supersedes EN ISO 3449:2005
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Falling-object protective structures -
Laboratory tests and performance requirements (ISO
3449:2005)

Engins de terrassement - Structures de protection contre Erdbaumaschinen - Schutzaufbauten gegen herabfallende

les chutes d'objets - Essais de laboratoire et critères de Gegenstände - Prüfungen und Anforderungen (ISO

performance (ISO 3449:2005) 3449:2005)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 August 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 3449:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
EN ISO 3449:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC ..............................................................................................4

Annex ZB (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC .........................................................................................5

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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
EN ISO 3449:2008 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 3449:2005 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 127 “Earth-moving machinery”

of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 3449:2008 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction equipment and building material machines - Safety” the

secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by December 2009.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 3449:2005.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EC Directive(s).

For relationship with EC Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this

document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 3449:2005 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 3449:2008 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
EN ISO 3449:2008 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive Machinery 98/37/EC, amended by 98/79/EC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has

been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative

clauses of this standard, except Clause 8 and Annex A, confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard,

a presumption of conformity with Essential Requirement 3.4.4 of that Directive and associated EFTA

regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within

the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
EN ISO 3449:2008 (E)
Annex ZB
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive 2006/42/EC on machinery.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has

been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative

clauses of this standard, except Clause 8 and Annex A, confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard,

a presumption of conformity with Essential Requirement 3.4.4 of that Directive and associated EFTA

regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within

the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3449
Fifth edition
2005-09-15
Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object
protective structures — Laboratory tests
and performance requirements
Engins de terrassement — Structures de protection contre les chutes
d'objets — Essais de laboratoire et critères de performance
Reference number
ISO 3449:2005(E)
ISO 2005
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
ISO 3449:2005(E)
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ii © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
ISO 3449:2005(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 General................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Laboratory tests.................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Performance requirements.................................................................................................................. 8

7 Labelling................................................................................................................................................ 9

8 Reporting of test results .................................................................................................................... 10

Annex A (normative) Typical test report........................................................................................................ 11

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 13

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
ISO 3449:2005(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 3449 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 127, Earth-moving machinery, Subcommittee SC 2,

Safety requirements and human factors.

This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition (ISO 3449:1992), which has been technically revised.

iv © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
ISO 3449:2005(E)
Introduction

This International Standard provides performance criteria for falling-object protective structures (FOPS). It

recognizes that there are various classes and sizes of machines that operate in a variety of environmental

conditions. It is intended to assure operators of reasonable protection from falling objects of different sizes and

masses.

Its laboratory tests are a means of evaluating the characteristics of the structures used to protect the operator

from localized impact penetration and, indirectly, of the load-carrying capacity of the supporting structure to

resist impact loading.

This International Standard establishes a consistent, repeatable means of evaluating characteristics of FOPS

under loading and prescribes performance requirements for these structures under such loading in a

representative test.

For similar tests on FOPS for excavators and excavator-based machines, see ISO 10262.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3449:2005(E)
Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective
structures — Laboratory tests and performance requirements
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies laboratory tests for measuring the structural characteristics of, and gives

performance requirements in a representative test for, falling-object protective structures (FOPS) intended for

use on ride-on earth-moving machines as defined in ISO 6165. It is applicable to both FOPS supplied as an

integral part of the machine and those supplied separately for attachment to the machine. It is not intended to

apply to FOPS intended for use on landfill compactors, excavators, rollers, trenchers, pipelayers, for the

additional seat for operation of an attachment (e.g. attachment backhoe), or on machines with a power rating

of less than 15 kW.

NOTE This International Standard can be used to provide guidance to the manufacturers of roll-over or falling-object

protective structures should it be decided to provide such protection for these or other machines for a particular application.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 148:1983, Steel — Charpy impact test (V-notch)

ISO 898-1:1999, Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel — Part 1: Bolts,

screws and studs

ISO 898-2:1992, Mechanical properties of fasteners — Part 2: Nuts with specified proof load values — Coarse

thread

ISO 3164:1995, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluations of protective structures — Specifications

for deflection-limiting volume

ISO 3471:1994, Earth-moving machinery — Roll-over protective structures — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements
ISO 6165:— , Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — Vocabulary
1) Under revision.
2) To be published. (Revision of ISO 6165:2001)
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 3449:2008
ISO 3449:2005(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
falling-object protective structure
FOPS

system of structural members arranged in such a way as to provide operators with reasonable protection from

falling objects (trees, rocks, small concrete blocks, hand tools, etc.)
3.2
roll-over protective structure
ROPS

system of structural members whose primary purpose is to reduce the possibility of a seat-belted operator

being crushed should the machine roll-over
NOTE Structural members incl
...

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