Petroleum and natural gas industries - Downhole equipment - Packers and bridge plugs (ISO 14310:2008)

This International Standard provides requirements and guidelin es for packers and bridge plugs as defined herein for use in t he petroleum and natural gas industry. This International Stan dard provides requirements for the functional specification an d technical specification, including design, design verificati on and validation, materials, documentation and data control, repair, shipment, and storage. In addition, products covered b y this International Standard apply only to applications within a conduit. Installation and maintenance of these products ar e outside the scope of this International Standard.

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Bohrloch-Untertageausrüstung - Packer und Bridge Plugs (ISO 14310:2008)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Équipement de fond de trou - Garnitures d'étanchéité (packers) et bouchons mécaniques d'isolation de fond (ISO 14310:2008)

L'ISO 14310:2008 prescrit les exigences et fournit les lignes directrices relatives aux garnitures d'étanchéité et aux bouchons mécaniques d'isolation de fond définis ci-après et destinés à être utilisés dans les industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel. Elle fournit des exigences de spécifications fonctionnelles et techniques pour la conception, la vérification et la validation de la conception, les matériaux, la maîtrise des documents et des données, la réparation, l'expédition et le stockage. En outre, les produits objet de l'ISO 14310:2008 sont uniquement utilisés pour des applications à l'intérieur d'un conduit. L'installation et la maintenance de ces produits ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application de l'ISO 14310:2008.

Industrija nafte in zemeljskega plina - Oprema za vrtine - Tesnila in mehanični čepi (ISO 14310:2008)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Jun-2007
Publication Date
19-Nov-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
13-Nov-2008
Due Date
18-Jan-2009
Completion Date
20-Nov-2008

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
01-januar-2009
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 14310:2004

,QGXVWULMDQDIWHLQ]HPHOMVNHJDSOLQD2SUHPD]DYUWLQH7HVQLODLQPHKDQLþQLþHSL

,62

Petroleum and natural gas industries - Downhole equipment - Packers and bridge plugs

(ISO 14310:2008)

Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Bohrloch-Untertageausrüstung - Packer und Bridge Plugs

(ISO 14310:2008)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Équipement de fond de trou - Garnitures

d'étanchéité (packers) et bouchons mécaniques d'isolation de fond (ISO 14310:2008)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14310:2008
ICS:
75.180.10 Oprema za raziskovanje in Exploratory and extraction
odkopavanje equipment
SIST EN ISO 14310:2009 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 14310
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2008
ICS 75.180.10 Supersedes EN ISO 14310:2001
English Version
Petroleum and natural gas industries - Downhole equipment -
Packers and bridge plugs (ISO 14310:2008)

Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel - Équipement de Erdöl- und Erdgasindustrie - Bohrloch-Untertageausrüstung

fond de trou - Garnitures d'étanchéité (packers) et - Packer und Bridge Plugs (ISO 14310:2008)

bouchons mécaniques d'isolation de fond (ISO
14310:2008)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 October 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14310:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
EN ISO 14310:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
EN ISO 14310:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 14310:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67 "Materials,

equipment and offshore structures for petroleum and natural gas industries" in collaboration with Technical

Committee CEN/TC 12 “Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and

natural gas industries” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by May 2009.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 14310:2001.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14310:2008 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 14310:2008 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14310
Second edition
2008-11-01
Petroleum and natural gas industries —
Downhole equipment — Packers and
bridge plugs
Industries du pétrole et du gaz naturel — Équipement de fond de
trou — Garnitures d'étanchéité (packers) et bouchons mécaniques
d'isolation de fond
Reference number
ISO 14310:2008(E)
ISO 2008
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
PDF disclaimer

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COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2008

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ......................................................................................................... 5

5 Functional specification....................................................................................................................... 5

5.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Type description ................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3 Well parameters .................................................................................................................................... 6

5.4 Operational parameters ....................................................................................................................... 6

5.5 Environmental compatibility................................................................................................................ 6

5.6 Compatibility with related well equipment......................................................................................... 7

5.7 Design validation .................................................................................................................................. 7

5.8 Quality control....................................................................................................................................... 7

6 Technical specification ........................................................................................................................ 7

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Technical characteristics..................................................................................................................... 8

6.3 Design requirements ............................................................................................................................ 8

6.4 Design verification.............................................................................................................................. 11

6.5 Design validation requirements ........................................................................................................ 11

6.6 Design changes .................................................................................................................................. 17

6.7 Design validation by scaling ............................................................................................................. 17

6.8 Other validations................................................................................................................................. 18

6.9 Assembly verification......................................................................................................................... 18

7 Supplier's/manufacturer's requirements..........................................................................................18

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 18

7.2 Documentation and data control....................................................................................................... 18

7.3 Product identification......................................................................................................................... 20

7.4 Quality control..................................................................................................................................... 20

8 Repair................................................................................................................................................... 26

9 Shipment/storage................................................................................................................................ 26

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 27

© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 14310 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 67, Materials, equipment and offshore structures

for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, Subcommittee SC 4, Drilling and production

equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 14310:2001), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
Introduction

This International Standard has been developed by users/purchasers and suppliers/manufacturers of packers

and bridge plugs and is intended for use in the petroleum and natural gas industry worldwide. This

International Standard is intended to give requirements and information to both parties in the selection,

manufacture, testing and use of packers and bridge plugs. Further, this International Standard addresses

supplier/manufacturer requirements that set the minimum requirements with which it is necessary that

suppliers/manufacturers comply to claim conformity with this International Standard.

This International Standard has been structured to allow for grades of increased requirements both in quality

control and design validation. These variations allow the user/purchaser to select the grade required for a

specific application.

The three quality grades provide the user/purchaser with a choice of requirements to meet a specific

preference or application. Quality grade Q3 is the minimum grade of quality offered by this product standard.

Quality grade Q2 provides additional inspection and verification steps, and quality grade Q1 is the highest

grade provided. Additional quality requirements can be specified by the user/purchaser as supplemental

requirements.

Seven standard design-validation grades (V0 to V6) provide the user/purchaser with a choice of requirements

to meet a specific preference or application. Design validation grade V6 is the minimum grade and represents

equipment where the validation method has been defined by the supplier/manufacturer. The complexity and

severity of the validation testing increases as the grade number decreases.

It is necessary that users of this International Standard be aware that requirements above those outlined in

this International Standard can be needed for individual applications. This International Standard is not

intended to inhibit a supplier/manufacturer from offering, or the user/purchaser from accepting, alternative

equipment or engineering solutions. This can be particularly applicable where there is innovative or

developing technology. Where an alternative is offered, it is necessary that the supplier/manufacturer identify

any variations from this International Standard.
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14310:2008(E)
Petroleum and natural gas industries — Downhole
equipment — Packers and bridge plugs
1 Scope

This International Standard provides requirements and guidelines for packers and bridge plugs as defined

herein for use in the petroleum and natural gas industry. This International Standard provides requirements for

the functional specification and technical specification, including design, design verification and validation,

materials, documentation and data control, repair, shipment, and storage. In addition, products covered by this

International Standard apply only to applications within a conduit. Installation and maintenance of these

products are outside the scope of this International Standard.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2859-1, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes — Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed by

acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection

ISO 3601-1, Fluid power systems — O-rings — Part 1: Inside diameters, cross-sections, tolerances and

designation codes
ISO 3601-3, Fluid power systems — O-rings — Part 3: Quality acceptance criteria
ISO 9000, Quality management systems — Fundamentals and vocabulary
ISO 9712, Non-destructive testing — Qualification and certification of personnel

ISO 11960, Petroleum and natural gas industries — Steel pipes for use as casing or tubing for wells

ISO 15156, (all parts), Petroleum and natural gas industries — Materials for use in H S-containing

environments in oil and gas production
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 9000 and the following apply.

3.1
assembly
product comprised of more than one component
3.2
bridge plug

mechanical device installed in, and used for blocking fluid (liquid or gas) communication in, the conduit and

not installed in a designed receptacle
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
3.3
casing
pipe extending from the surface and intended to line the walls of a drilled well
3.4
casing size
nominal casing outside diameter (OD) as specified in ISO 11960
3.5
component
individual part of an assembly
3.6
conduit
casing, tubing or liner, either metallic or non-metallic
3.7
design validation

process of proving a design by testing to demonstrate conformity of the product to design requirements

NOTE Seven standard design validation grades (V6 to V0) are specified in 6.5.
[ISO/TS 29001]
3.8
design verification

process of examining the result of a given design or development activity to determine conformity with

specified requirements
NOTE These activities are described in 6.4.
[ISO/TS 29001]
3.9
drift diameter

minimum inside diameter (ID) of a packer, expressed as the OD of the drift bar utilized during assembly

inspection, as outlined in 7.4.11
3.10
end connection
thread or other mechanism connecting the packer or bridge plug to the conduit
3.11
exposed component

flow-wetted component (3.13), internally wetted component (3.18), and/or component contacted by well

fluid below the packing element
3.12
extrusion gap

radial gap between the maximum rated casing ID and the minimum OD immediately adjacent to the packing

element
3.13
flow-wetted component

component (3.5) that comes in direct contact with the dynamic movement of well fluids in the flow stream

3.14
gauge OD
maximum specified product OD
2 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
3.15
grade

category or rank given to different requirements for quality or design validation

3.16
heat-traceable
traceable to a unique heat treatment (heat) of material
3.17
inflatable packing element

packer or bridge plug packing element energized to form a seal by applying fluid pressure directly to the

element
3.18
internally wetted component

flow-wetted component (3.13) and any component out of the flow stream, but contacted by well fluids

through a port or other passage to the flow-wetted area
3.19
job lot

batch of material or components that have undergone the same process or series of processes

3.20
job-lot traceable

〈parts〉 identifiable as originating from a job lot that designates the included heat(s)

3.21
liner

pipe that does not extend from the surface and is intended to line the walls of a drilled well

3.22
mandrel

component(s) of a packer that contain(s) the end connections and provide(s) a conduit through the packer

3.23
manufacturing

process and actions performed by an equipment supplier/manufacturer that are necessary to provide finished

component(s), assemblies and related documentation that fulfil the requests of the user/purchaser and meet

the standards of the supplier/manufacturer

NOTE Manufacturing begins when the supplier/manufacturer receives the order and is completed at the moment the

component(s), assemblies and related documentation are surrendered to a transportation provider.

3.24
NACE service

packers or bridge plugs whose type 1 components (3.41) are manufactured from materials that comply with

ISO 15156 (all parts)
3.25
non-conformance
non-fulfilment of a specified requirement
3.26
packer

mechanical device with a packing element (3.27), not installed in a designed receptacle, used for blocking

fluid (liquid or gas) communication through the annular space between conduits by sealing off the space

between them
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
3.27
packing element

seal on a packer (3.26) or bridge plug (3.2) that blocks fluid communication by sealing on the ID of the

conduit
3.28
performance envelope

graph that illustrates the combined effects of differential pressure and axial loads on a packer or bridge plug at

the rated temperature
3.29
permanent packer
permanent bridge plug

bridge plug (3.2) or packer (3.26) that has no design feature for intact removal from the conduit,

necessitating substantial destruction for its removal
3.30
pressure reversal

change in the direction of the pressure differential across the packing element from above to below or vice

versa
3.31
qualified person

individual with characteristics or abilities gained through training or experience, or both, as measured against

established requirements, such as standards or tests that enable the individual to perform a required function

effectively
3.32
repositionable packer
repositionable bridge plug

bridge plug (3.2) or packer (3.26) that meets the definition of retrievable packer (retrievable bridge plug)

(3.33) and has a design feature facilitating its relocation inside the conduit (without removal) while re-

establishing its intended function
3.33
retrievable packer
retrievable bridge plug

bridge plug (3.2) or packer (3.26) that has a design feature facilitating its removal from the conduit

substantially intact
3.34
seal
device providing a barrier to the passage of liquid and/or gas
3.35
shear device
component designed to disconnect under a predetermined load
3.36
standard service

packer (3.26) or bridge plug (3.2) whose components might or might not be manufactured from materials

that comply with ISO 15156 (all parts)
3.37
substantive design change

change to the design, identified by the supplier/manufacturer, that affects the performance of the product in

the intended service condition
4 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
3.38
temperature-cycle range

specified range of temperature fluctuation over which the product is designed to operate

NOTE The temperature-cycle range is applicable anywhere within the product’s temperature range.

3.39
temperature range
specified range of temperature over which the product is designed to operate
3.40
tubing
pipe placed within a well to serve as a production or injection conduit
3.41
type 1 component

〈weld〉 component that isolates pressure and/or may be loaded in tension as the result of axial loads on the

packer or bridge plug during run-in, setting, in situ, or retrieval
3.42
type 2 component
〈weld〉 component that does not meet the criteria of a type 1 component (3.41)
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms
AQL Acceptance quality limit
COC Certificate of compliance
ID Inside diameter
MTR Material test report
NDE Non-destructive examination
OD Outside diameter
QC Quality control
5 Functional specification
5.1 General

The user/purchaser shall prepare a functional specification for ordering products that conform to this

International Standard and specify the following requirements and operating conditions, as applicable, and/or

identify the supplier’s/manufacturer's specific product. These requirements and operating conditions may be

conveyed by means of a dimensional drawing, data sheet or other suitable documentation.

5.2 Type description
The user/purchaser shall specify, as applicable, the following type:
⎯ packer or bridge plug;
⎯ permanent, retrievable or repositionable.
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
5.3 Well parameters
The user/purchaser shall specify, as applicable, the following well parameters:
⎯ dimensions, material, grade of the casing and tubing;
⎯ end connections above/below the packer or bridge plug;

⎯ well angle from the vertical at the setting position of the packer or bridge plug;

⎯ deviations and restrictions through which the packer or bridge plug is required to pass;

⎯ configuration of tubing (single or multiple strings) and other lines (electrical/hydraulic) that are required to

pass through or by-pass the packer;

⎯ relationship of packer or bridge plug with other well devices/tubing/casing by means of a well schematic

drawing, if applicable;

⎯ expected minimum and maximum values of production/injection pressures, pressure differentials,

temperatures, changes in temperatures and flow rates;
⎯ any other relevant well parameter(s).
5.4 Operational parameters

The user/purchaser shall specify, as applicable, any of the following operational parameters:

⎯ installation method, including conveyance method and setting method;
⎯ setting depth;

⎯ retrieving or repositioning method and number of repositionings, if applicable;

⎯ anticipated loading conditions, including combined loading (pressure, tension/compression) and torque,

applied to the packer or bridge plug prior to and during setting, during use and during retrieving;

⎯ expected setting temperature and anticipated temperature cycle during well operations;

⎯ size, type and configuration of devices that will be run through the packer, if applicable;

⎯ any other relevant operational parameters.
5.5 Environmental compatibility
5.5.1 General

If the user/purchaser has access to the corrosion property data of the operating environment based on

historical data and/or research, he shall state to the supplier/manufacturer which material(s) has/have the

ability to perform as required within the corrosion environment per the requirements of 5.5.3, as applicable.

Otherwise, material compatibility shall be specified according to 5.5.2.
5.5.2 Well environment

The user/purchaser shall identify the density, chemical/physical composition, and the condition of the fluid

and/or its components, including solid (sand production, scale, etc.), liquid and/or gaseous, to which the

packer or bridge plug is exposed during its expected life cycle.
6 © ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14310:2009
ISO 14310:2008(E)
5.5.3 Material designation

5.5.3.1 If the user/purchaser chooses to specify materials, the following designations may be used:

⎯ standard service (3.36);
⎯ NACE service (3.24).

5.5.3.2 Material selection may be made for a group of components using the following designations:

⎯ flow-wetted components (3.13);
⎯ internally wetted components (3.18);
⎯ exposed components (3.11);
⎯ other components.
5.6 Compatibility with related well equipment

The user/purchaser, where applicable, shall specify the interface connection designs and material

requirements, free-passage requirements, and external/internal dimensional limitations necessary to ensure

that the product will conform to its expected application. The user/purchaser shall identify, as applicable, the

following:

⎯ top and bottom tubular connection(s) and the material and dimensions of the connections to the

conduit(s);

⎯ internal receptacle profile(s), bore dimensions(s), outside diameter, inside diameter and the respective

locations;

⎯ size, type and configuration of other products and conduits used in connection with this product.

5.7 Design validation

The user/purchaser shall specify the required design validation grade. This International Standard provides

seven standard design validation grades (V6 to V0), as defined in 6.5.
5.8 Quality control
The user/purchaser shall specify the required quali
...

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