Space system - EN 16600 series - Description, implementation and general requirements

This document is the top-level document of the EN 16000 Series of European Space Standards. It gives a general introduction into European Space Standards and their use in space programmes and projects.
Its purpose is to provide users with an overview of the European Space Standards System (that is based on the ECSS System), together with an introduction to the various branches of applicability and to the disciplines covered by these set of Standards and the processes involved in generating and using these standards.
As an introduction into space programmes, space projects actors and their customer-supplier relationships are described.
The branches are:
-   EN 16001 Series: Space system and Space project management
-   EN 16002 Series: Space product assurance
-   EN 16003 Series: Space engineering
-   EN 16004 Series: Space sustainability
Application of the ECSS System for space projects in the customer-supplier chain is explained and a practical tailoring method is described together with methods for collecting and processing user feedback.
Finally top-level requirements are defined for implementation of the ECSS system in space projects/programmes.
This standard is applicable to all the procurements of space products.
With effect from the date of approval, this Standard announces the adoption of the external document on a restricted basis for use in the European Cooperation for Space Standardization (ECSS) system.
This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constraints of a space project in conformance with clause 7 of this standard.

Raumfahrt system - Beschreibung, Implementierung und allgemeine Anforderungen

Système spatial - Série EN 16600 - Description, mise en œuvre et exigences générales

Le présent document est le document de niveau supérieur des normes spatiales européennes de la série EN 16000. Il contient une introduction générale aux normes spatiales européennes et à leur utilisation dans le cadre des programmes et projets spatiaux.
Il présente aux utilisateurs le système des normes spatiales européennes (basé sur le système ECSS), les diverses branches d'application et les disciplines gérées par cette série de normes, ainsi que les processus utilisés pour générer et utiliser ces normes.
Les acteurs des projets spatiaux et leurs relations client-fournisseur sont décrits dans le cadre de l'introduction aux programmes spatiaux.
Les branches sont les suivantes :
-   Série EN 16001 : Système spatial et management de projets spatiaux
-   Série EN 16002 : Assurance produit des projets spatiaux
-   Série EN 16003 : Ingénierie spatiale
-   Série EN 16004 : Développement durable de l'espace
L'application du système ECSS aux projets spatiaux dans la chaîne client-fournisseur est expliquée et une description d'une méthode pratique d'adaptation est fournie, avec une procédure de collecte et de traitement des commentaires des utilisateurs.
Enfin, les exigences de niveau supérieur sont définies pour la mise en œuvre du système ECSS dans le cadre des projets/programmes spatiaux.
La présente norme s'applique à l'approvisionnement en produits spatiaux de tous les types.
La présente norme, en vigueur à sa date d'approbation, annonce l'adoption, de manière restreinte, d’un document externe pour utilisation dans le système ECSS (coopération européenne pour la normalisation spatiale).
La présente norme peut être adaptée aux caractéristiques et contraintes spécifiques à un projet spatial, conformément à l'Article 7 de cette norme.

Vesoljski sistem - Skupina standardov EN 16600 - Opis, izvajanje in splošne zahteve

Ta dokument je dokument najvišje ravni skupine evropskih vesoljskih standardov EN 16000. Vsebuje splošni uvod v evropske vesoljske standarde in njihovo uporabo v vesoljskih programih in projektih.
Njegov namen je uporabnikom zagotoviti pregled sistema evropskih vesoljskih standardov (ki temelji na sistemu ECSS), skupaj z uvodom v različne veje uporabnosti in disciplin, ki jih zajemajo ti sklopi standardov, ter procesi, ki so vključeni v pripravo in uporabo teh standardov.
Uvod v vesoljske programe opisuje akterje vesoljskih projektov ter njihove odnose s strankami in dobavitelji.
Veje so:
– Skupina EN 16001: Upravljanje vesoljskih sistemov in vesoljskih projektov
– Skupina EN 16002: Zagotavljanje varnih proizvodov v vesoljski tehniki
– Skupina EN 16003: Vesoljka tehnika
– Skupina EN 16004: Trajnostni razvoj vesoljske tehnike
Pojasnjena je uporaba sistema ECSS za vesoljske projekte v verigi stranka-dobavitelj, opisana pa je tudi praktična metoda prilagajanja skupaj z metodami za zbiranje in obdelavo povratnih informacij uporabnikov.
Na koncu so opredeljene tudi najvišje zahteve za izvajanje sistema ECSS v vesoljskih projektih/programih.
Ta standard se uporablja za vsa naročila vesoljskih izdelkov.
Ta standard napoveduje sprejetje zunanjega dokumenta na omejeni podlagi za uporabo v sistemu evropskega sodelovanja za standardizacijo na področju vesolja (ECSS) z veljavnostjo od datuma odobritve.
Ta standard se lahko prilagodi posameznim lastnostim in omejitvam vesoljskega projekta v skladu s točko 7 tega standarda.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Aug-2018
Publication Date
03-Feb-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
25-Jan-2019
Due Date
01-Apr-2019
Completion Date
04-Feb-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Vesoljski sistem - Skupina standardov EN 16600 - Opis, izvajanje in splošne zahteveRaumfahrt system - Beschreibung, Implementierung und allgemeine AnforderungenSystème spatial - Série EN 16600 - Description, mise en œuvre et exigences généralesSpace system - EN 16600 series - Description, implementation and general requirements49.140Vesoljski sistemi in operacijeSpace systems and operationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16601-00:2019SIST EN 16601-00:2019en,fr,de01-marec-2019SIST EN 16601-00:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16601-00:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16601-00
January
t r s { ICS
v {ä s v r
English version
Space system æ EN
s x x r r series æ Descriptioná implementation and general requirements
Système spatial æ Série EN
s x x r r æ Descriptioná mise enoeuvre et exigences générales
Raumfahrttechnik æ EN

s x x r r Serie æ Beschreibungá Implementierung und allgemeine Anforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t z September
t r s zä

C Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN and CENELEC memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN and CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN and CENELEC members are the national standards bodies and national electrotechnical committees of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels y any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members and for CENELEC Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x x r sæ r rã t r s { ESIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 2 Table of contents European Foreword ................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope ....................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references ............................................................................................. 6 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ............................................................ 7 3.1 Terms from other standards ...................................................................................... 7 3.2 Abbreviated terms..................................................................................................... 7 4 Objectives and policy ............................................................................................. 8 5 European Space Standards System description ................................................. 9 5.1 Overview .................................................................................................................. 9 5.2 Space standards ....................................................................................................... 9 5.3 Structure and architecture of ECSS Standards System ............................................ 10 5.3.1 Overview ................................................................................................... 10 5.3.2 Space system and Space project management (EN 16601-branch) ......... 11 5.3.3 Space engineering (16603-branch) ........................................................... 12 5.3.4 Space product assurance (16602-branch) ................................................ 14 5.3.5 Space sustainability (U-branch)................................................................. 17 6 Introduction into space programmes ................................................................. 18 6.1 The customer-supplier model ................................................................................. 18 6.2 Business agreements ............................................................................................. 18 6.3 Applicability............................................................................................................. 19 7 Application of European Space Standards Standards ...................................... 21 7.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................. 21 7.2 Preparatory activities .............................................................................................. 21 7.2.1 Identification of project characteristics - Step 1 ......................................... 21 7.2.2 Analysis of project characteristics and identification of risks - Step 2 ........ 22 7.3 Tailoring activities ................................................................................................... 23 7.3.1 Selection of applicable European Space Standards - Step 3 ..................... 23 7.3.2 Selection of requirements from applicable standards - Step 4 ................... 23 SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 3 7.3.3 Completion of requirements - Step 5 ......................................................... 24 7.3.4 Harmonization of requirements - Step 6 .................................................... 24 7.3.5 Documenting of requirements applicability - Step 7 ................................... 24 8 User feedback ....................................................................................................... 26 9 Requirements ........................................................................................................ 27 9.1 Applicability............................................................................................................. 27 9.2 Requirements on customers ................................................................................... 27 9.3 Requirements on suppliers ..................................................................................... 28 Annex A (informative) Example of template for an EARM for the requirements of the present document ............................................................. 29 Bibliography ............................................................................................................. 31

Figures Figure 5-1: Disciplines of the ECSS Standards system ........................................................ 10 Figure 6-1:

Customer–supplier network concept .................................................................. 20 Figure 7-1: 7–step tailoring process...................................................................................... 25

Tables Table 5-1: Disciplines in the space system and space management branch ........................ 11 Table 5-2: Disciplines in the engineering branch .................................................................. 13 Table 5-3: Disciplines in the space product assurance branch ............................................. 15 Table 5-4: Disciplines in the space sustainability branch ...................................................... 17

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 4 European Foreword This document (EN 16601-00:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/CLC/TC 5 “Space”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN (Germany). This document (EN 16601-00:2018) originates from ECSS-S-ST-00C. This standard covers the subject of Tailoring of Space standards and therefore replaces EN 14724:2003 "Space project management – Tailoring of space standards". In addition this standard contains the top level requirements formerly covered in EN 13290-1:1999; EN 13291-1:1999 and EN 13292:1999, while the while the remaining requirements were moved to EN 16601-10:2015, (replaced by EN 16602-10-2017 and replaced by EN 16603-10:2018. This document has been developed to cover specifically space systems and will therefore have precedence over any EN covering the same scope but with a wider do-main of applicability (e.g.: aerospace). This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 5 1 Scope This document is the top–level document of the EN 16000 Series of European Space Standards. It gives a general introduction into European Space Standards and their use in space programmes and projects.

Its purpose is to provide users with an overview of the European Space Standards System (that is based on the ECSS System), together with an introduction to the various branches of applicability and to the disciplines covered by these set of Standards and the processes involved in generating and using these standards. As an introduction into space programmes, space projects actors and their customer-supplier relationships are described.

The branches are: • EN 16001 Series: Space system and Space project management • EN 16002 Series: Space product assurance • EN 16003 Series: Space engineering • EN 16004 Series: Space sustainability Application of the ECSS System for space projects in the customer-supplier chain is explained and a practical tailoring method is described together with methods for collecting and processing user feedback. Finally top-level requirements are defined for implementation of the ECSS system in space projects/programmes. This standard is applicable to all the procurements of space products. With effect from the date of approval, this Standard announces the adoption of the external document on a restricted basis for use in the European Cooperation for Space Standardization (ECSS) system. This standard may be tailored for the specific characteristic and constraints of a space project in conformance with clause 7 of this standard. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 6 2 Normative references The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this ECSS Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this ECSS Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies.

EN reference Reference in text Title EN 16601-00-01 ECSS-S-ST-00-01 ECSS system – Glossary of terms

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 7 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms 3.1 Terms from other standards For the purpose of this Standard, the terms and definitions from ECSS-S-ST-00-01 apply. 3.2 Abbreviated terms For the purpose of this Standard, the abbreviated terms from ECSS-S-ST-00-01 and the following apply: Abbreviation Meaning DRD document requirements definition EARM ESS applicable requirements matrix ECM ESS compliance matrix ESS European space standard ID implementation document PA product assurance PRD project requirements document SDO standard development organization

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 8 4 Objectives and policy The overall objectives of using the European Space Standards system include: • achieving more cost effective space programmes and projects in Europe, • improving the competitiveness of European space industry, • improving the quality and safety of space projects and products,

• facilitating clear and unambiguous communication between all parties involved, in a form suitable for reference or quotation in legally binding documents, • reducing risk and guarantee interoperability and interface compatibility by applying proved and recognized requirements and methods. In order to meet the above stated objectives, the following policy principles are applied: European Space Standards are produced to support the formal customer-supplier relation in developing space programs and projects. In order to ensure European space programmes and projects’ efficiency in terms of technical performance, life cycle cost-effectiveness and on-time deliveries, the European Space Standards System can be adapted to specific domains of application by use of tailoring activities. NOTE

See Annex A "Example of template for an EARM for the requirements". Systematic feedback of experience from programmes, projects and other appropriate sources allows improvement of the Standards. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 9 5 European Space Standards System description 5.1 Overview The European Space Standards System has been developed as a cooperative effort between the European space agencies and space industries. It comprises a comprehensive set of documents addressing all essential aspects of the major branches for the successful implementation of space programmes and projects, namely • Space system and Space project management, • Space engineering,

• Space product assurance, and

• Space systainability. All user oriented documents fall in one of those branches.

5.2 Space standards Space standards are documents for direct use in invitation to tender and business agreements for implementing space related activities.

They state verifiable requirements, supported by the minimum descriptive text necessary to understand their context.

Each requirement contained within a Standard has a unique identification, allowing full traceability and easy verification of compliance. When a requirement asks for the delivery of a document, the scope and content is specified in a dedicated DRD (Document Requirements Definition), which forms an integral part of a standard.

The Space standards focus primarily on what is required to comply with each standard, rather than how to achieve this. This approach provides the flexibility for different customers and suppliers to use established “in–house” procedures, or processes, to comply with these standards.

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 10 5.3 Structure and architecture of ECSS Standards System 5.3.1 Overview The present document is the top level user document of the European Space Standards. Beneath this document there are several branches, one each for space project management, space engineering, space product assurance and space sustainability.

The disciplines addressed by the European Space Standards system are given in Figure 5-1.

Space project management disciplines16001-10 - Project planning and implementation16001-40 - Configuration and information management16001-60 - Cost and schedule management16001-70 - Integrated logistic support16001-80 - Risk managementSpace engineering disciplines16003-10 - System engineering16003-20 - Electrical and optical engineering16003-31 - Thermal control16003-32 - Structural16003-33 - Mechanisms16003-34 - Environmental control and life support (ECSL)16003-35 - Propulsion16003-40 - Software engineering16003-50 - Communications16003-60 - Control engineering16003-70 - Ground systems and operationsSpace product assurance disciplines16602-10 - Product assurance management16602-20 - Quality assurance16602-30 - Dependability16602-40 - Safety16602-60 - Electrical, electronic, electromechanical (EEE) components16602-70 - Materials, mechanical parts and processes16602-80 - Software product assuranceEN 16601-00 – European space standard system – Description, implementation and general requirementsSpace Sustainability disciplines16604-10 - Space debris mitigation16604-20 - Planetary protection16604-30 - Space situation awareness Figure 5-1: Disciplines of the ECSS Standards system

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 11 5.3.2 Space system and Space project management (EN 16601-branch) The overall objective of space system and space project management is to implement a process to achieve successful completion of the project in terms of cost, schedule and technical performance. Project management is performed following a structured approach throughout all stages of its life cycle and at all levels of the customer-supplier chain. It integrates all management, engineering and product assurance functions required to execute the project. Table 5-1 presents an overview of the disciplines covered by European Space Standards management branch (EN 16601). It is not intended to be exhaustive. Table 5-1: Disciplines in the space system and space management branch Discipline Title Scope / Objective 16601-00 Space system Integrate the complete set of European Space Standards. 16601-10 Project planning and Implementation Project planning and implementation discipline provides a coherent set of processes for minimizing the technical, scheduling and economic risks of the project. In particular this is done by:

• introducing phases and formal milestones enabling the progress of the project to be controlled with respect to cost, schedule and technical objectives. • defining project breakdown structures, which constitutes the common and unique reference system for the project management to: • identify the tasks and responsibilities of each actor; • ensure the coherence between technical, documentary, administrative and financial activities of the whole project; • perform scheduling and costing activities. • setting up a project organization to implement a structured and complete approach to perform all necessary activities on the project. 16601-40 Configuration and Information Management Configuration management and information discipline: • identifies, describes and controls the technical description of a system in a logical and consistent manner throughout the system’s life cycle, and • ensures that the information necessary for effective execution of all management processes are recorded, retrieved, distributed and modified in a traceable manner. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 12 Discipline Title Scope / Objective 16601-60 Cost and schedule Management Cost and schedule management discipline provides a coherent set of processes for verifying the compliance of project planning and organization to ensure the consistent use of human resources, facilities, materials and funds to achieve the successful completion of the space project within its established goals: costs, schedule and performance. It provides alerts to trigger necessary adaptations (e.g. re-planning, resource reallocation). 16601-70 Integrated logistic support Integrated logistic support discipline covers the requirements necessary for logistic support throughout the system life cycle. 16601-80 Risk management Risk management discipline identifies all risks (incl. new opportunities) and keeps these risks within defined and accepted boundaries that are defined in the risk policy of the project. Risk management aims at all aspects of the programme, including technical and quality performance, programmatic (e.g. funding, political environment), cost (e.g. contract type, project cost), schedule and operation (e.g. logistic support, security). In particular it includes: • The systematic identification, assessment and classification of all risk causes and consequences prior to definition and implementation of a decision to accept, to monitor or to take action. The risk assessment supports the decision making process, including consideration of uncertainties about the risk involved. Independent verification of the risk assessment ensures its objectiveness. • The systematic definition, implementation, control and verification of actions appropriate for elimination or reduction of risk to an acceptable level. 5.3.3 Space engineering (16603-branch) This discipline covers the engineering aspects of space systems and products, including: • the engineering process as applied to space systems and their elements or functions, and • technical aspects of products used to accomplish, or associated with, space missions. Table 5-2 presents an overview of the disciplines covered by the engineering branch. It is not intended to be exhaustive. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 13 Table 5-2: Disciplines in the engineering branch Discipline Title Scope / Objective 16603-10 System Engineering The system engineering discipline is a multidisciplinary activity to technically coordinate the different engineering activities to ensure the overall technical consistency and integrity within the project. In particular it includes:

• System technical requirements definition analysis, integration and interfaces control, verification, and • System activities providing constraints to others disciplines such as space environment, human factors and celestial mechanics, reference coordinates. Note: Equipment electromagnetic compatibility design aspects are included in the discipline 16603-20 “Electrical and Optical”. 16603-20 Electrical and Optical Engineering The electrical and optical engineering discipline addresses all aspects of the electrical, electronic, electromagnetic, microwave and optical engineering processes design of space products. In particular it includes: • functions such as power generation, storage, conversion and distribution, • analysis and design requirements such as multipaction, spacecraft charging, electromagnetic compatibility, electrical interfaces and interconnections, and • technological aspects of communication interfaces. Note: Communication protocols are included in the discipline 16603-50 “Communications”. 16603-31 to 35 Mechanical Engineering The mechanical engineering discipline addresses all aspects of the mechanical design of space products. In particular it includes: • thermal control (16603-31), • structures including structural materials

(16603-32), • mechanisms and pyrotechnics (16603-33), • environmental control and life support "ECLS" (16603-34, and • propulsion for launchers and spacecrafts (16603-35). 16603-40 Software Engineering The software engineering discipline addresses the life cycle processes for software products (e.g. requirements definition, architectural design, development, operations and maintenance). In particular it addresses the different types of software: on-board (embedded), on-ground, and software for qualification, testing and verification. Note: Discipline 16602-80 “Software product assurance” covers product assurance for software. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 14 Discipline Title Scope / Objective 16603-50 Communications The communications discipline addresses all communication aspects related to: • External interfaces for telemetry, telecommands, ranging and data: spacecraft-to-ground, spacecraft-to-spacecraft, ground-to-ground, and • Internal interfaces between items of on-board equipments. In particular this discipline covers all aspects such as link budgets and protocols on various communication layers. Note: Discipline 16603-70 “Ground systems and operations” covers services definition. 16603-60 Control Engineering The control engineering discipline addresses aspects of automatic control in space systems. In particular it includes: • Requirements for dynamics and control, (e.g. attitude and orbit control, robotics, rendez-vous and docking), and • Requirements for sensors and actuators (e.g. gyroscopes, sun and star sensors). 16603-70 Ground Systems and Operations The ground systems and operations discipline addresses the engineering of the ground segment and mission operations, which form an integral part of the overall system implementing a space project. In particular it includes: • Procedures and languages for operations, • Requirements for space segment operability, • Telemetry and telecommand services definition, and • Requirements on interface between space vehicle and ground support equipment.

5.3.4 Space product assurance (16602-branch) The prime objective of Product Assurance is to assure that the Space Products accomplish their defined mission objectives and more specifically that they are Safe, Available and Reliable. In support of project Risk Management, PA assures an adequate identification, appraisal, prevention and control of technical risks within project constraints. Table 5-3 presents an overview of the disciplines covered by ECSS product assurance branch. It is not intended to be exhaustive. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 15 Table 5-3: Disciplines in the space product assurance branch Discipline Title Scope / Objective 16602-10 Product Assurance Management Product Assurance management is a multidisciplinary activity to ensure that a Product Assurance programme is implemented and managed throughout all project phases and coordinated with all actors. It addresses the Product Assurance Plan defining all PA activities consistent with the Project objectives, requirements, criticalities and constraints. In particular it includes: • Allocation and availability of adequate resources, personnel and facilities to carry out the necessary Product Assurance tasks, • Requirements for tier suppliers to perform proper Product Assurance monitoring and control, • Progress monitoring, reporting and visibility of all Product Assurance matters, in particular those related to alerts, critical items, nonconformances, changes, deviations, waivers, actions or recommendations resulting from reviews, inspection and audits, qualification, verification and acceptance. 16602-20 Quality Assurance The quality assurance discipline addresses all aspects to ensure that product quality is specified according to customer needs, designed-in, built, verified and maintained in the products with associated documentation throughout project life cycle. In particular it addresses: • Quality Assurance for test centres, and • Off the shelf equipment and components. Note: Discipline 16602-80 “Software product assurance” covers product assurance for software. 16602-30 Dependability The dependability discipline addresses all aspects to ensure that the dependability performance (availability performance and its influencing factors reliability performance, maintainability performance and maintenance support performance) is met for the space product including system functions implemented in software and the interaction between hardware and software. In particular it includes: • Design rules (e.g. derating, end of life parameter drifts), and • Dependability analyses (e.g. worst case circuit performance, failure mode and effects, criticality). Note: Discipline 16602-80 covers software dependability. However the dependability. However, the dependability requirements for functions implemented in software, and the interaction between hardware and software, are defined in 16602-30 discipline. SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 16 Discipline Title Scope / Objective 16602-40 Safety The safety discipline addresses all aspects to ensure that all safety risks associated with the design, development, production and operations of Space Product are identified, assessed, minimised, controlled and finally accepted through the implementation of a safety assurance programme. In particular it addresses the assessment of the risks based on qualitative and quantitative analyses (e.g. hazard, fault-tree, sneak). 16602-60 Electrical, Electronic, Electromechanical (EEE) Components The EEE components discipline defines requirements for selection, control and procurement of EEE components for space projects to ensure that they satisfy the mission performance requirements during the full life cycle of the products. In particular it addresses: • Component programme management, • Component selection, evaluation and approval, • Component procurement, • Component handling, storage, relifing, and • Component quality assurance. Note: Discipline 16602-30 “Dependability” covers the dependability design rules related to EEE components (e.g. derating and end of life parameter drift). 16602-70 Materials, Mechanical Parts and Processes The Materials, Mechanical Parts and Processes discipline defines requirements for selection, control and procurement of materials, mechanical parts and processes for space projects to ensure that they satisfy the mission performance requirements during the full life cycle of the products. In particular it addresses: • Requirements and processes for selection (e.g. characterisation, evaluation, qualification for their intended use) and procurement of the materials and mechanical parts, (e.g. outgassing, thermal-cycling, radiation, soldering, cracking), and • Requirements and processes for avoiding planetary contamination (e.g. cleanliness, sterilisation). Note: Discipline 16602-30 “Dependability” covers the dependability design rules related to Materials, Mechanical Parts and Processes. 16602-80 Software Product Assurance The Software Product Assurance discipline defines requirements to ensure that developed or reused software and software services perform properly and safely in their operational environments. It also includes requirements for the development of non-deliverable software which affects the quality of the deliverable product or service provided by a space system (e.g. test and verification software). Note: Discipline 16603-40 “Software engineering” covers engineering aspects of software.

SIST EN 16601-00:2019

EN 16601-00:2018 (E) 17 5.3.5 Space sustainability (U-branch) Space sustainability is a branch which encompasses all documents contributing to the long-term sustainability of space activities, including orbital debris mitigation, space situation awareness, and planetary protection. Table 5-4 presents an overview of the disciplines covered by this branch.

Table 5-4: Disciplines in the space sustainability
...

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