Protective clothing for firefighters - Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting

This European Standard specifies minimum levels of performance requirements for protective clothing against heat and fire designed to be worn during firefighting operations, except protective clothing that is worn during fighting wildland fires (EN 15614) or specialized firefighting (EN 1486).
Within this European Standard, two performance levels are given for performance requirements 6.3, 6.4, 6.12 and 6.13:
-   thermal protection level two (marked with X2) is the higher level;
-   thermal level one (marked with X1) is the lower level.
This European Standard covers the general clothing design, the minimum performance levels of the materials used, the methods of test to be used to determine these performance levels, and marking and information supplied by the manufacturer.
Neither does this European Standard cover the protection against other hazards, such as chemical, electrical, biological, radiological or high-visibility hazards, nor does it cover the protection for the head, hands or feet. These aspects may be covered in other European Standards. However, the event of small accidental splashes of chemicals or flammable liquids is covered by this standard.

Schutzkleidung für die Feuerwehr - Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzkleidung für die Brandbekämpfung

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Mindestanforderungen der Leistungsstufen an Schutzkleidung gegen Hitze und Feuer fest, die bei der Brandbekämpfung getragen werden soll, mit Ausnahme von Schutzkleidung, die bei der Brandbekämpfung im freien Gelände (EN 15614) oder bei spezialisierter Brandbekämpfung (EN 1486) getragen wird.
In dieser Europäischen Norm sind zwei Leistungsstufen für die Leistungsanforderungen 6.3, 6.4, 6.12 und 6.13 angegeben:
-   thermische Schutzstufe 2 (gekennzeichnet mit X2) ist die höhere Schutzstufe;
-   thermische Schutzstufe 1 (gekennzeichnet mit X1) ist die niedrigere Schutzstufe.
In dieser Europäischen Norm werden die allgemeine Ausführung der Kleidung, die grundlegenden Leistungsstufen der verwendeten Materialien, die bei der Bestimmung dieser Leistungsstufen anzuwendenden Prüfverfahren, die Kennzeichnung sowie die Herstellerinformationen aufgeführt.
Diese Europäische Norm umfasst weder den Schutz vor anderen Gefährdungen, wie etwa chemischen, elektrischen, biologischen, Strahlungsgefährdungen oder Gefährdungen durch schlechte Sichtbarkeit, noch den Schutz von Kopf, Händen und Füßen. Diese Aspekte können in anderen Europäischen Normen behandelt werden. Jedoch deckt diese Europäische Norm Gefährdungen durch zufällige Spritzer von flüssigen Chemikalien oder brennbaren Flüssigkeiten ab.

Vêtements de protection pour sapeurs pompiers - Exigences de performance pour les vêtements de protection pour la lutte contre l'incendie

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les niveaux minimaux d'exigences de performance relatives aux vêtements de protection contre la chaleur et le feu devant être portés lors d'interventions de lutte contre l'incendie, à l'exception des vêtements de protection portés pendant la lutte contre les feux d'espaces naturels (EN 15614) ou pendant les opérations spéciales de lutte contre l'incendie (EN 1486).
La présente Norme européenne définit deux niveaux pour les exigences de performance 6.3, 6.4, 6.12 et 6.13 :
-   le niveau 2 de protection thermique (désigné par X2) est le niveau supérieur ;
-   le niveau 1 de protection thermique (désigné par X1) est le niveau inférieur.
La présente Norme européenne couvre la conception générale des vêtements, les niveaux minimaux de performance des matériaux utilisés, les méthodes d'essai à utiliser pour déterminer ces niveaux de performance ainsi que le marquage et la notice d'information du fabricant.
En revanche, la présente Norme européenne ne couvre ni la protection contre d'autres dangers, par exemple les dangers chimiques, électriques, biologiques, radiologiques ou liés à la haute visibilité, ni la protection de la tête, des mains et des pieds. Ces aspects peuvent être traités dans d'autres Normes européennes. Toutefois, la protection contre les petites projections accidentelles de liquides chimiques ou inflammables est couverte par la présente norme.

Zaščitna obleka za gasilce - Zahtevane lastnosti za zaščitno obleko pri gašenju požara

General Information

Status
Not Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Sep-2015
Current Stage
98 - Abandoned project (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Oct-2016
Due Date
12-Oct-2016
Completion Date
07-Oct-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.SRåDUDSchutzkleidung für die Feuerwehr - Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzkleidung für die BrandbekämpfungVêtements de protection pour sapeurs pompiers - Exigences de performance pour les vêtements de protection pour la lutte contre l'incendieProtective clothing for firefighters - Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting13.340.10Varovalna oblekaProtective clothing13.220.10Gašenje požaraFire-fightingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:FprEN 469kSIST FprEN 469:2015en,fr,de01-september-2015kSIST FprEN 469:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
kSIST FprEN 469:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
FINAL DRAFT
FprEN 469
July 2015 ICS 13.340.10 Will supersede EN 469:2005English Version

Protective clothing for firefighters - Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting

Vêtements de protection pour sapeurs pompiers - Exigences de performance pour les vêtements de protection pour la lutte contre l'incendie

Schutzkleidung für die Feuerwehr - Leistungsanforderungen für Schutzkleidung für die Brandbekämpfung This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 162.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. FprEN 469:2015 EkSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................7 4 General clothing design ..................................................................................................................... 10 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 10 4.2 Size designation.................................................................................................................................. 10 4.3 Type of clothing .................................................................................................................................. 10 4.4 Interface areas ..................................................................................................................................... 10 4.5 Anti-wicking barrier ............................................................................................................................ 10 4.6 Drain mesh material ........................................................................................................................... 11 4.7 Hardware .............................................................................................................................................. 11 4.8 Integrated personal protective equipment (PPE) ............................................................................ 11 4.9 Closure system ................................................................................................................................... 11 4.10 Retroreflective/fluorescent material ................................................................................................. 11 5 Sampling and pre-treatment .............................................................................................................. 11 5.1 Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 11 5.2 Pre-treatment ....................................................................................................................................... 11 5.3 Finishing deterioration by cleaning .................................................................................................. 12 5.4 Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 12 6 Physical requirements ....................................................................................................................... 13 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 6.2 Flame spread ....................................................................................................................................... 13 6.3 Heat transfer – Flame (marked with X1 or X2) ................................................................................. 14 6.4 Heat transfer – Radiation (marked with X1 or X2) ........................................................................... 14 6.5 Residual tensile strength of material when exposed to radiant heat ............................................ 15 6.6 Heat resistance ................................................................................................................................... 15 6.7 Tensile strength .................................................................................................................................. 15 6.8 Tear strength ....................................................................................................................................... 15 6.9 Surface wetting ................................................................................................................................... 15 6.10 Dimensional change ........................................................................................................................... 16 6.11 Resistance to penetration by liquid chemicals ............................................................................... 16 6.12 Resistance to water penetration (marked with Y1 or Y2) ............................................................... 16 6.13 Water vapour resistance (marked with Z1 or Z2) ............................................................................ 17 6.14 Visibility material requirements ........................................................................................................ 17 6.14.1 Area of visibility material ................................................................................................................... 17 6.14.2 Photometric requirements ................................................................................................................. 17 6.15 Additional test on garment (optional) ............................................................................................... 17 7 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 18 8 Information supplied by the manufacturer ...................................................................................... 19 Annex A (normative)

Uncertainty of measurement ...................................................................................... 20 Annex B (normative)

Determination of performance and rating classification ......................................... 21 Annex C (normative)

Significant technical changes between this document and the previous edition EN 469:2005 ............................................................................................................................ 22 kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 3 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC ....................................................................................... 23 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 24

kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 4 Foreword This document (FprEN 469:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. This document will supersede EN 469:2005. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. For the list of the most significant technical changes that were made in this new edition, see Annex C. It is one of several standards for clothing that have been developed to protect persons against heat and/or flames. Some examples of other European and International Standards are: — EN 1486:2007, Protective clothing for fire-fighters — Test methods and requirements for reflective clothing for specialised fire-fighting; — EN 13911:2004, Protective clothing for firefighters — Requirements and test methods for fire hoods for firefighters; — EN 15614:2007, Protective clothing for firefighters — Laboratory test methods and performance requirements for wildland clothing; — EN ISO 11611:2007, Protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes (ISO 11611:2007); — EN ISO 11612:2015, Protective clothing — Clothing to protect against heat and flame — Minimum performance requirements (ISO 11612:2015); — EN ISO 14116:2008, Protective clothing — Protection against heat and flame — Limited flame spread materials, material assemblies and clothing (ISO 14116:2008); — EN ISO 14460:1999, Protective clothing for automobile racing drivers — Protection against heat and flame — Performance requirements and test methods (ISO 14460:1999); — ISO 15384:2003, Protective clothing for firefighters — Laboratory test methods and performance requirements for wildland firefighting clothing; — ISO 11613:1999, Protective clothing for firefighters — Laboratory test methods and performance requirements; — ISO 15538:2001, Protective clothing for firefighters — Laboratory test methods and performance requirements for protective clothing with a reflective outer surface; — IEC 61482-2:2009, Live working — Protective clothing against the thermal hazards of an electric arc — Part 2: Requirements. kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 5 Introduction The purpose of this European Standard is to provide minimum performance requirements for protective clothing for fire fighters. Nothing in this European Standard is intended to restrict any jurisdiction, purchaser or manufacturer from exceeding these minimum requirements. kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies minimum levels of performance requirements for protective clothing against heat and fire designed to be worn during firefighting operations, except protective clothing that is worn during fighting wildland fires (EN 15614) or specialized firefighting (EN 1486). Within this European Standard, two performance levels are given for performance requirements 6.3, 6.4, 6.12 and 6.13: — thermal protection level two (marked with X2) is the higher level; — thermal level one (marked with X1) is the lower level. This European Standard covers the general clothing design, the minimum performance levels of the materials used, the methods of test to be used to determine these performance levels, and marking and information supplied by the manufacturer. Neither does this European Standard cover the protection against other hazards, such as chemical, electrical, biological, radiological or high-visibility hazards, nor does it cover the protection for the head, hands or feet. These aspects may be covered in other European Standards. However, the event of small accidental splashes of chemicals or flammable liquids is covered by this standard. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 20811:1992, Textiles — Determination of resistance to water penetration — Hydrostatic pressure test EN 31092:1993, Textiles — Determination of physiological properties — Measurement of thermal and water-vapour resistance under steady-state conditions (sweating guarded - hotplate test) (ISO 11092:1993) EN ISO 1421:1998, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics — Determination of tensile strength and elongation at break (ISO 1421:1998) EN ISO 3175-2:2010, Textiles — Professional care, drycleaning and wetcleaning of fabrics and garments — Part 2: Procedure for testing performance when cleaning and finishing using tetrachloroethene (ISO 3175-2:2010) EN ISO 4674-1:2003, Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics — Determination of tear resistance — Part 1: Constant rate of tear methods (ISO 4674-1:2003) EN ISO 4920:2012, Textile fabrics — Determination of resistance to surface wetting (spray test) (ISO 4920:2012) EN ISO 5077:2008, Textiles — Determination of dimensional change in washing and drying (ISO 5077:2007) EN ISO 6330:2012, Textiles — Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing (ISO 6330:2012) EN ISO 6530:2005, Protective clothing — Protection against liquid chemicals — Test method for resistance of materials to penetration by liquids (ISO 6530:2005) EN ISO 6942:2002, Protective clothing — Protection against heat and fire — Method of test: Evaluation of materials and material assemblies when exposed to a source of radiant heat (ISO 6942:2002) kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 7 EN ISO 13688:2013, Protective clothing — General requirements (ISO 13688:2013) EN ISO 13934-1:2013, Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force and elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934-1:2013) EN ISO 13935-2:2014, Textiles — Seam tensile properties of fabrics and made-up textile articles — Part 2: Determination of maximum force to seam rupture using the grab method (ISO 13935-2:2014) EN ISO 13937-2:2000, Textiles — Tear properties of fabrics — Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped test specimens (Single tear method) (ISO 13937-2:2000) FprEN ISO 14116:2014, Protective clothing — Protection against flame — Limited flame spread materials, material assemblies and clothing (ISO/FDIS 14116:2014) EN ISO 15025:2002, Protective clothing — Protection against heat and flame — Method of test for limited flame spread (ISO 15025:2000) EN ISO 15797:2004, Textiles — Industrial washing and finishing procedures for testing of workwear (ISO 15797:2002) EN ISO 20471:2013, High visibility clothing — Test methods and requirements (ISO 20471:2013, Corrected version 2013-06-01) ISO 9151:1995, Protective clothing against heat and flame — Determination of heat transmission on exposure to flame ISO 13506:2008, Protective clothing against heat and flame — Test method for complete garments — Prediction of burn injury using an instrumented manikin ISO 17493:2000, Clothing and equipment for protection against heat — Test method for convective heat resistance using a hot air circulating oven 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 anti-wicking barrier material used to prevent the transfer of liquid from outside the garment to inside the garment, usually in addition to or replacing part of the moisture barrier at the edge(s) 3.2 clothing assembly series of garments arranged in the order as worn. It may contain multilayer materials, material combinations or a series of separate garments in single or multiple layers 3.3 cleaning process by which an item of personal protective equipment (PPE) is made again serviceable and/or hygienically wearable by removing any dirt or contamination Note 1 to entry: See 3.24. 3.4 cleaning cycle washing plus drying or dry cleaning treatment followed, if required, by ironing or finishing kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 8 Note 1 to entry: See 3.24. 3.5 closure system method of fastening openings in the garment including combinations of more than one method of achieving a secure closure Note 1 to entry: This term does not cover seams. 3.6 component assembly combination of all materials of a multi-layer garment presented exactly as the finished garment construction 3.7 conditioning keeping samples under standard conditions of temperature and relative humidity for a minimum period of time 3.8 drain mesh material permeable material to allow drainage of water 3.9 firefighter's protective clothing specific garment(s) providing protection for the firefighter's torso, neck, arms, and legs, but excluding the head, hands and feet 3.10 garment single item of clothing which may consist of single or multiple layers 3.11 hardware non-fabric items used in protective clothing including those made of metal or plastic EXAMPLE Fasteners, rank markings, buttons, zippers, embroideries, braces. 3.12 HTI12 number to one decimal place calculated from the mean time (measured in second, to one decimal place) to achieve a temperature rise of (12 ± 0,1) °C in the calorimeter when testing according to ISO 9151:1995 with an incident heat flux 80kW/m2 3.13 HTI24 number to one decimal place calculated from the mean time (measured in second, to one decimal place) to achieve a temperature rise of (24 ± 0,2) °C in the calorimeter when testing according to ISO 9151:1995 with an incident heat flux of 80 kW/m2 3.14 interface area areas where openings interrupt the continuity of material(s) or garments 3.15 innermost lining lining on the innermost face of a component assembly which is intended to be nearest to the wearers skin Note 1 to entry: Where the innermost lining forms part of a material combination, the material combination is regarded as the innermost lining. kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 9 3.16 interlining layer between the outermost layer and the innermost lining in a multilayer garment 3.17 material substances, excluding hardware and labels, of which an item of clothing is made 3.18 material combination material produced from a series of separate layers, fixed together during the garment manufacturing stage Note 1 to entry: See 3.20. 3.19 moisture barrier fabric or membrane used in a component assembly to achieve the properties of hydrostatic pressure and water vapour permeability Note 1 to entry: Moisture barriers do not prevent the passage of some chemical, biological or radiological agents and appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) should be provided to protect the wearer in such incidents. 3.20 multilayer material material consisting of different layers intimately combined prior to the garment manufacturing stage, e.g. by weaving, quilting, coating or gluing 3.21 non-woven sheet of fibres, continuous filaments, or chopped yarns of any nature or origin, that have been formed into a web by any means, and bonded together by any means, with the exception of weaving or knitting Note 1 to entry: Felts obtained by wet milling are not non-wovens. 3.22 outer garment outermost garment of the clothing assembly that will be exposed to the hazard(s) 3.23 outer material outermost material of which the item of protective clothing is made 3.24 pre-treatment standard way of preparing the samples before testing Note 1 to entry: This might include e.g. a number of cleaning cycles, submitting the sample to heat, mechanical action or any other relevant exposure and is finished by conditioning. 3.25 impregnation process that can be part of the cleaning procedure or that can be a separate procedure to maintain or regain for example the repellent properties of the outer fabric and/or chemical penetration resistance of the clothing kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 10 3.26 RHTI12 number to one decimal place calculated from the mean time (measured in second, to one decimal place) to achieve a temperature rise of (12 ± 0,1) °C in the calorimeter when testing according to EN ISO 6942 with an incident heat flux of 40 kW/m2 3.27 RHTI24 a number to one decimal place calculated from the mean time (measured in second, to one decimal place) to achieve a temperature rise of (24 ± 0,2 °C) in the calorimeter when testing according to EN ISO 6942 with an incident heat flux of 40 kW/m2 3.28 seam permanent fastening between two or more pieces of material 3.29 structural seam seam which holds the outer garment together and which if broken would expose the under layers of the garment and reduce protection 3.30 torso trunk of the human body, i.e. without arms, neck, legs and head 3.31 wristlet elastic part of a garment that encircles the wrist or ankles tightly 4 General clothing design 4.1 General Firefighter's protective clothing shall provide protection for the firefighter's torso, neck, arms to the wrists, and legs to the ankles during firefighting. 4.2 Size designation Size designation shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13688:2013. 4.3 Type of clothing The levels of performance may be achieved by the use of a garment or a clothing assembly which may contain multilayer materials, material combinations, or a series of separate garments in single or multiple layers. 4.4 Interface areas While raising both hands fully above the head and bending over from an upright position until fingertips reach the ground without bending the knees, wrists and ankles shall remain covered, when wearing appropriate sized clothing. Where protection is provided by an outer two piece suit, it shall be determined that an overlap between the jacket and trousers shall always be retained. 4.5 Anti-wicking barrier Where an anti-wicking barrier is used in a garment either as part of an interlining at the edge part of a moisture barrier or as the edge part of an innermost lining e.g. at the end of the sleeves, the trouser legs or kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 11 bottom of a jacket, the width of material shall not exceed 10 cm for jackets and 15 cm for trousers. This will become part of the component assembly which shall meet the requirements of 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.11 and 6.12. 4.6 Drain mesh material A drain mesh material when used adjacent to the anti-wicking barrier will also become part of the component assembly and shall meet the requirements of 6.2 and 6.6. 4.7 Hardware Hardware penetrating the outer material shall not be exposed on the innermost surface of the clothing. Protective clothing shall be designed to ensure that the hardware shall not have sharp edges, roughness or projections which are likely to cause injury to the wearer. Verification of the fulfilment of this requirement shall be made by manual and visual inspection. 4.8 Integrated personal protective equipment (PPE) The requirements shall be fulfilled even when the garments incorporate other types of PPE (e.g. against falls from a height).or other devices. If interface areas are provided to incorporate other types of PPE these shall not decrease the protection level achieved by the clothing assembly. Verification of the fulfilment of this requirement shall be made by visual inspection. 4.9 Closure system Closure systems shall be protected by means of the component assembly, e.g. by overlapping or underlining storm flap that provides secure and complete moisture and thermal protection. The maximum distance between buttonholes shall be 150 mm. If zippers are used, the slide fastener shall be designed to lock when completely closed. 4.10 Retroreflective/fluorescent material Firefighter's protective clothing shall have retroreflective materials fitted, which give all round visibility. All around visibility shall be ensured by having at least one band encircling arms, legs and torso of the garment(s). The minimum requirements for high visibility materials, including fluorescent materials, if used, shall be as specified in 6.14. 5 Sampling and pre-treatment 5.1 Sampling The number of samples and the size of the specimens of garment materials or garments subjected to the different test methods shall be in accordance with the respective test standards specified in the requirements. Samples for testing shall be taken from the original garment or shall be representative of the component assembly, exactly as used in the finished garment. Materials not having sufficient surface area shall be taken in combination with the outer layer to make it possible to take samples with the dimensions as needed. 5.2 Pre-treatment Before each test specified in Clause 6, the test materials and test specimens shall be pre-treated by cleaning. The cleaning shall be in line with the manufacturer’s instructions on the basis of standardized processes. kSIST FprEN 469:2015

FprEN 469:2015 (E) 12 If the number of cleaning cycles is not specified, the tests shall be carried out – in case of laundering after 5 laundering cycles (one laundering cycle consisting of one washing and one drying), or – in case of dry cleaning after 5 cycles of dry cleaning. This shall be reflected in the information supplied by the manufacturer. If the manufacturer’s instructions indicate that both cleaning methods are allowed, the clothing shall undergo the laundering procedure only. However, testing of materials according to 6.2 may be omitted if an audit by an independent third party of the fabric manufacturer’s quality system proves that the manufacturer monitors frequently and adequately the permanency of the fire retardancy. If this quality control and documentation is missing, the material shall be tested for flame spread before pre-treatment, after 5 cycles of pre-treatment and also after appropriate higher numbers of cleaning cycles, depending on the indications given in the manufacturer’s instructions for need of re- impregnation and of maximum permissible numbers of cleaning cycles and cycles of re- impregnation. Re-impregnation shall not be carried out, prior to any testing after 5 cleaning cycles, even if the manufacturer’s instructions state that the impregnation is no longer effective after 5 cycles. If the manufacturer’s instructions stipulate a higher number of cleaning cycles than 5 cycles, then the test shall be performed also after the stated number of cleaning cycles. The tests 6.9 and 6.11 shall also be performed after the number of cleaning cycles, for which the manufacturer guarantees the impregnation, e.g. if the instructions state “re-impregnation during the third cleaning cycle”, tests shall be performed after the second cleaning cycle, i.e. Before re- impregnation. If the instructions state “re-impregnation after each cleaning cycle”, the tests shall be performed on new items. Manufacturer’s instructions typically indicate one or several of the various methods and processes of EN ISO 6330:2012, EN ISO 15797:2004, EN ISO 3175-2:2010 or equivalent as standardized processes for cleaning. 5.3 Finishing deterioration by cleaning Where the finishing, applied to improve or maintain the limited flame spread property or the repellency or the chemical resistance performance of the garment, can be deteriorated by the cleaning procedures indicated by the manufacturer, the manufacturer shall indicate the maximum number of cleaning cycles that can be carried out before the garment needs to be re-treated or re-impregnated to restore its performances. Testing according to 6.2, 6.9 and 6.11 shall be carried out before the cleaning cycle for which the manufacturer guarantees the performance, “i.e. the limited flame spread, the water repellency and the chemical resistance performance” and after the re-impregnation according to the manufacturer's instructions. For example, if the instructions

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