Siting of Playground and other recreational facilities - Advice on methods for positioning and separation

This Technical Report gives advice on positioning and possible means of separation between recreational facilities that have different user age groups and levels of risk. This document also gives advice on features to consider in order to address the risks from other features nearby such as traffic, fast flowing water, deep water with steep banks and other natural environmental features such as .
Information given relates to equipment and facilities that are installed for free-access use outdoors only.
This document is intended to give a horizontal approach, to be considered in all CEN TC 136 relevant standards dealing with free access sports or physical activity facilities.

Standortwahl von Spielplatz- und anderen Freizeitanlagen - Ratschlag zu Verfahren für Anordnung und Trennung

Emplacement des aires de jeux et autres installations de loisirs - Conseils sur les méthodes d'implantation et de séparation

Le présent rapport technique fournit des conseils sur l'implantation et les moyens de séparation envisageables entre des installations de loisirs destinées à des utilisateurs de différentes tranches d'âge et présentant des niveaux de risques différents. Le présent document apporte également des conseils sur les facteurs à prendre en considération afin de réduire les risques liés à d'autres éléments proches comme le trafic routier, les cours d'eau rapides, les bassins profonds aux berges escarpées et autres dangers naturels.
Les informations données ici ne concernent que les équipements et installations en libre accès et en plein-air.
Le présent document vise à offrir un point de vue transversal qui sera pris en considération dans toutes les normes pertinentes du CEN/TC 136 relatives aux installations sportives ou d'activités physiques en libre accès.

Umeščanje igrišč in drugih rekreacijskih površin - Nasveti za metode postavitve in ločevanja

To tehnično poročilo podaja napotke glede postavitve in morebitnega ločevanja rekreacijskih površin, ki jih uporabljajo različne starostne skupine in za katere veljajo različne stopnje tveganja. Ta dokument prav tako podaja napotke glede pojavov, ki jih je treba upoštevati pri obravnavi drugih tveganj iz okolice, kot so promet, hitro deroča voda, globoke vode s strmimi bregovi in drugi naravni okoljski pojavi. Podane informacije se nanašajo samo na zunanje nameščeno opremo in objekte za uporabo na prostem. Namen tega dokumenta je podati horizontalen pristop, ki se naj upošteva v vseh ustreznih standardih CEN TC 136, ki obravnavajo prosto dostopne objekte za športne in telesne aktivnosti.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Sep-2015
Publication Date
19-May-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-May-2016
Due Date
11-Jul-2016
Completion Date
20-May-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 16879:2016
01-junij-2016

8PHãþDQMHLJULãþLQGUXJLKUHNUHDFLMVNLKSRYUãLQ1DVYHWL]DPHWRGHSRVWDYLWYHLQ

ORþHYDQMD

Siting of Playground and other recreational facilities - Advice on methods for positioning

and separation

Standortwahl von Spielplatz- und anderen Freizeitanlagen - Ratschlag zu Verfahren für

Anordnung und Trennung

Emplacement des aires de jeux et autres installations de loisirs - Conseils sur les

méthodes d'implantation et de séparation
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 16879:2016
ICS:
97.200.40 ,JULãþD Playgrounds
97.220.01 âSRUWQDRSUHPDLQ Sports equipment and
SULSRPRþNLQDVSORãQR facilities in general
SIST-TP CEN/TR 16879:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 16879:2016
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 16879:2016
CEN/TR 16879
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
April 2016
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 97.200.40; 97.220.01
English Version
Siting of Playground and other recreational facilities -
Advice on methods for positioning and separation

Emplacement des aires de jeux et autres installations Standortwahl von Spielplatz- und anderen

de loisirs - Conseils sur les méthodes d'implantation et Freizeitanlagen - Ratschlag zu Verfahren für

de séparation Anordnung und Trennung

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 10 November 2015. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC

136.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 16879:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TR 16879:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Recommendations for separation ............................................................................................................. 5

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.2 Need for separation ........................................................................................................................................ 6

4.3 Methods of separation ................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.3.2 Distance .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.3.3 Landscaping ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.3.4 Fencing ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.3.5 Signage ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.3.6 Combinations .................................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Risk-benefit assessment (RBA) .................................................................................................................. 9

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

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CEN/TR 16879:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN/TR 16879:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

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CEN/TR 16879:2016 (E)
Introduction

CEN/TC 136/SC 1, the committee responsible for the development of EN 1176 standards, considered

that there may be risks to children associated with placing playgrounds in the vicinity of other

recreational facilities such as multisport arenas, bouldering walls, roller sport facilities, football goals,

outdoor fitness equipment and Parkour facilities. In addition, environmental features such as fast

flowing water, deep water with steep banks, roads, and natural formations such as cliffs, can also create

hazards if in the proximity of playgrounds.

Specific safety requirements for recreational facilities are covered by their own standards. However,

these individual standards do not cover possible risks related to the proximity to other recreational

facilities and other environmental hazards.

This technical report gives advice to designers, providers, and inspectors on methods of positioning and

separating different recreational facilities, to help reduce the potential risks.

There are four principal methods of separation. These are distance, natural features, fencing and

signage, or a combination of these.
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1 Scope

This Technical Report gives advice on positioning and possible means of separation between

recreational facilities that have different user age groups and levels of risk. This document also gives

advice on features to consider in order to address the risks from other features nearby such as traffic,

fast flowing water, deep water with steep banks and other natural environmental features such as.

Information given relates to equipment and facilities that are installed for free-access use outdoors

only.

This document is intended to give a horizontal approach, to be considered in all CEN/TC 136 relevant

standards dealing with free access sports or physical activity facilities.
2 Normative references
Not applicable.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
recreational facility

equipment intended for children’s play and free access sport/fitness facilities for all ages

3.2
separation

all physical and visual methods adopted to distinguish one recreational facility from another

3.3
siting / positioning

planning and layout of an area consisting of recreational facilities and other environmental factors and

their relationship to one another
3.4
carer

person who exercises responsibility, however temporarily, for an individual child’s safety

Note 1 to entry: This could be either:

a) non-qualified carer: a parent, grandparent, older sibling who has been given a limited responsibility over a

child, adult acquaintance, a young person who is a baby sitter; or

b) qualified carer: a person trained to exercise responsibility for the safety of children or young people, for

example a trained/qualified teacher, child minder, youth leader or sports coach.
4 Recommendations for separation
4.1 General
The main issue is for young and vulnerable children.

The EN 1176 playground standard has safety requirements for young children using playgrounds. It

states in 3.1 in a definition of playground equipment that children play according to “their own rules or

own reasons for playing which can change at any time”. EN 1176 contains safety requirements taking

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into account this free way of playing that young children employ. On most other recreational facilities

the acceptable risk level is higher than on playgrounds because they are not intended to be used by

young and vulnerable children, and the activity is often prescribed rather than free. The environment

around the play area may also contain hazards such as roads, fast flowing water, or deep water with

steep banks.
These risks with examples of the related hazards are:
— crushing, e.g. mechanisms in fitness equipment;
— being hit by a fast moving hard object, e.g. skateboard, or football;

— falling onto non-impact attenuating surface from height, e.g. parkour landings and bouldering walls,

natural cliffs, trees, playable art;

— being hit by part of some equipment due to unforeseeable movement, e.g. mechanism in fitness

equipment;
— unexpected forces, e.g. heavy parts of fitness equipment;
— drowning, e.g. fast flowing river or deep water with steep banks;
— being hit by a vehicle, e.g. road traffic.
4.2 Need for separation
There are three principal reasons for providing separation:

a) To help identify risks to the carers of young and vulnerable children. Normally young and

vulnerable children are always accompanied by carers. This is the primary
...

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