Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 1: Common requirements (ISO 19085-1:20201)

This document gives the safety requirements and measures to reduce risks arising during operation,
adjustment, maintenance, transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping, related to
woodworking machines capable of continuous production use, hereinafter referred as “machines”.
These safety requirements and measures are those common to most of the machines, when they are
used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer; reasonably foreseeable
misuse has been considered too.
The machines are designed to process solid wood and material with similar physical characteristics to
wood, with hand feed or integrated feed.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with the other parts of the ISO 19085 series,
applicable to specific machine types. The extent to which all significant hazards of a specific machine
type are covered is indicated in the specific part of the ISO 19085 series relevant to that machine type.
The hazards covered, at least partly, by the requirements of this document, are listed in Annex A.
It is not applicable to machines intended for use in potential explosive atmospheres or to machines
manufactured prior to the date of its publication.

Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen (ISO 19085-1:2021)

Dieses Dokument nennt für Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen, die für den dauerhaften Einsatz in der Produktion geeignet sind, nachfolgend als „Maschinen“ bezeichnet, die Sicherheitsanforderungen und Maßnahmen zur Reduzierung der Risiken, die sich aus Betrieb, Einstellung, Instandhaltung, Transport, Montage, Demontage, Rückbau und Verschrottung ergeben. Hierbei handelt es sich um die Sicherheitsanforderungen und Maßnahmen, die für die meisten der Maschinen gelten, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter den vom Hersteller vorgesehenen Bedingungen verwendet werden; vernünftigerweise vorhersehbare Fehlanwendung wurde ebenfalls berücksichtigt.
Die Maschinen dienen der Verarbeitung von Massivholz und Werkstoffen mit ähnlichen physikalischen Eigenschaften wie Holz, mit Handvorschub oder integriertem Vorschub.
Dieses Dokument wird bestimmungsgemäß in Verbindung mit den anderen Teilen der Normenreihe ISO 19085, die für bestimmte Typen von Maschinen anwendbar sind, verwendet. Der Umfang, in dem alle signifikanten Gefährdungen eines bestimmten Maschinentyps behandelt sind, ist in dem für diesen Maschinentyp zutreffenden Teil der Normenreihe ISO 19085 angegeben. Die Gefährdungen, die zumindest teilweise von den Anforderungen dieses Dokuments abgedeckt werden, sind in Anhang A aufgeführt.
Es gilt nicht für Maschinen, die zur Verwendung in potentiell explosiven Atmosphären vorgesehen sind, oder für Maschinen, die vor dem Datum seiner Veröffentlichung hergestellt wurden.

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 1: Exigences communes (ISO 19085-1:2021)

Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve (ISO 19085-1:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Nov-2019
Publication Date
13-May-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Apr-2021
Due Date
19-Jun-2021
Completion Date
14-May-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
01-julij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2017
SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2017/AC:2018
Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve (ISO 19085-1:2021)
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 1: Common requirements (ISO 19085-1:20201)
Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen (ISO
19085-1:2021)
Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 1: Exigences communes (ISO 19085-1:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19085-1:2021
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
79.120.10 Lesnoobdelovalni stroji Woodworking machines
SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
EN ISO 19085-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110 Supersedes EN ISO 19085-1:2017
English Version
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 1: Common
requirements (ISO 19085-1:2021)

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 1: Exigences Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1:

communes (ISO 19085-1:2021) Gemeinsame Anforderungen (ISO 19085-1:2021)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 February 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19085-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
EN ISO 19085-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ........................................................ 4

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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
EN ISO 19085-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19085-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39 "Machine

tools" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 142 “Woodworking machines - Safety” the

secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 19085-1:2017.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For the relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19085-1:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19085-1:2021 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
EN ISO 19085-1:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request “M/396

Mandate to CEN and CENELEC for Standardisation in the field of machinery" to provide one voluntary

means of conforming to essential requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament

and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (recast).

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence of this European Standard with Annex I of Directive 2006/42/EC

The relevant Essential Requirements Clauses/sub- Remarks/Notes
of Directive 2006/42/EC clauses of this EN
To confer a presumption of
conformity with the relevant
essential requirements of Directive
2006/42/EC, this standard
(providing common requirements
for a whole machine family) has to
be applied together with one of
those standards as specified in the
scope (providing specific
requirements for a particular
category of machinery within this
family), once this standard is cited in
the Official Journal of the European
Communities under Directive
2006/42/EC.
1.1.2 Principles of safety integration
a) fitted for its function Clauses 4, 5, 6, 7
b) eliminate or reduce the risks, give Clauses 4, 5, 6, 7
measures, inform
c) intended use and reasonably Clauses 4, 5, 6, 7
foreseeable misuse
d) constraints in use 6.5, 7.3
e) equipment 5.1, 7.3
1.1.3 Materials and products 5.2, 6.3
1.1.4 Lighting 6.6, 7.3
1.1.5 Design of machinery to facilitate its 6.5
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
EN ISO 19085-1:2021 (E)
handling
1.1.6 Ergonomics 6.5
1.2.1 Safety and reliability of control 4.1, 6.7, 6.8
systems
1.2.2 Control devices 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.6, 4.7
1.2.3 Starting 4.3
1.2.4.1 Normal stop 4.4.1, 4.4.2
1.2.4.2 Operational stop 4.4.1, 4.4.3
1.2.4.3 Emergency stop 4.4.1, 4.4.4
1.2.5 Selection of control or operating 4.6
mode
1.2.6 Failure of the power supply 4.8, 6.7, 6.8
1.3.1 Risk of loss of stability 5.1, 7.3
1.3.2 Risk of break-up during operation 5.2, 7.3
1.3.3 Risks due to falling or ejected 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.8, 5.9,
objects 7.3
1.3.4 Risk due to surfaces, edges or 6.15
angles
1.3.6 Risks relating to variations in the 4.7
operating conditions
1.3.7 Risks related to moving parts 5.6, 5.7, 7.3
1.3.8 Choice of protection against risks 5.5, 5.6
related to moving parts
1.4.1 General requirements 5.2, 5.5, 5.6, 5.9, 6.3
1.4.2.1 Fixed guards 5.5.1
1.4.2.2 Interlocking movable guards 5.5.2
1.4.2.3 Adjustable guards restricting 5.6
access
1.4.3 Special requirements for protective 5.5.3, 5.5.4, 5.5.5,
devices 5.5.6
1.5.1 Electricity supply 6.4, 6.13
1.5.2 Static electricity 6.11
1.5.3 Energy supply other than electricity 6.7, 6.8
1.5.4 Errors of fitting 6.12
1.5.6 Fire 6.1, 6.10
1.5.8 Noise 6.2
1.5.11 External radiation 6.9
1.5.12 Laser equipment 6.10
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
EN ISO 19085-1:2021 (E)
1.5.13 Emission of hazardous materials 6.3
and substances
1.6.1 Machinery maintenance 6.14, 7.3
1.6.2 Access to operating position and 4.2, 6.14, 7.3
servicing points
1.6.3 Isolation of energy sources 6.13, 7.3
1.6.4 Operator intervention 7.3
1.6.5 Cleaning of internal parts 6.14, 7.3
1.7.1.1 Information and information 6.10, 7.2
devices
1.7.1.2 Warning devices 6.10, 7.1
1.7.3 Marking of machinery 7.2
1.7.4 Instructions 6.10, 7.3, Annex F
2.3 Machinery for working wood and analogous materials
a) guiding 5.10
b) ejection 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.9, 7.3
c) brake 4.5, 5.4
d) accidental tool contact 5.5, 5.6, 7.3

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19085-1
Second edition
2021-03
Woodworking machines — Safety —
Part 1:
Common requirements
Machines à bois — Sécurité —
Partie 1: Exigences communes
Reference number
ISO 19085-1:2021(E)
ISO 2021
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
ISO 19085-1:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
ISO 19085-1:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Safety requirements and measures for controls ................................................................................................................. 6

4.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ........................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Control devices ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.3 Start .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.3.1 Direct start ............................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.3.2 Start via control power-on ...................................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Safe stops ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4.2 Normal stop .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4.3 Operational stop ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.4.4 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.5 Braking function of tools ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.6 Mode selection .....................................................................................................................................................................................10

4.7 Tool speed changing ........................................................................................................................................................................10

4.7.1 Speed changing by shifting the belts on the pulleys ......................................................................10

4.7.2 Speed changing by incremental speed change motor ..................................................................11

4.7.3 Infinitely variable speed by frequency inverter .................................................................................11

4.8 Failure of any power supply .....................................................................................................................................................11

4.9 Manual reset control .......................................................................................................................................................................11

4.10 Standstill detection and monitoring ..................................................................................................................................12

4.11 Machine moving parts speed monitoring .....................................................................................................................12

4.12 Time delay ................................................................................................................................................................................................12

4.13 Teleservice ...............................................................................................................................................................................................12

5 Safety requirements and measures for protection against mechanical hazards ...........................13

5.1 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.2 Risk of break-up during operation ......................................................................................................................................13

5.3 Tool and tool fixing design .........................................................................................................................................................14

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

5.3.2 Spindle locking ...............................................................................................................................................................14

5.3.3 Circular saw blade fixing device ......................................................................................................................14

5.3.4 Flange dimension for circular saw blades ..............................................................................................14

5.4 Braking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................14

5.4.1 Braking of tools ..............................................................................................................................................................14

5.4.2 Maximum run-down time .....................................................................................................................................15

5.4.3 Brake release ....................................................................................................................................................................15

5.5 Safeguards ................................................................................................................................................................................................15

5.5.1 Fixed guards ......................................................................................................................................................................15

5.5.2 Interlocking movable guards..............................................................................................................................15

5.5.3 Hold-to-run control ....................................................................................................................................................16

5.5.4 Two-hand control .........................................................................................................................................................16

5.5.5 Electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) .................................................................................17

5.5.6 Pressure-sensitive protective equipment (PSPE).............................................................................17

5.5.7 Enabling control ............................................................................................................................................................17

5.6 Prevention of access to hazardous moving parts ...................................................................................................17

5.7 Impact hazard .......................................................................................................................................................................................18

5.8 Clamping devices ...............................................................................................................................................................................18

5.9 Measures against ejection ..........................................................................................................................................................18

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
ISO 19085-1:2021(E)

5.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

5.9.2 Guards materials and characteristics..........................................................................................................19

5.10 Workpiece supports and guides ............................................................................................................................................20

6 Safety requirements and measures for protection against other hazards ...........................................21

6.1 Fire ......... .........................................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.2 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.2.1 Noise reduction at the design stage .............................................................................................................21

6.2.2 Noise emission measurement and declaration ..................................................................................22

6.3 Emission of chips and dust ........................................................................................................................................................22

6.4 Electricity ..................................................................................................................................................................................................22

6.5 Ergonomics and handling ...........................................................................................................................................................23

6.6 Lighting .......................................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.7 Pneumatics ..............................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.8 Hydraulics ................................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.9 Electromagnetic compatibility ...............................................................................................................................................24

6.10 Laser ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.11 Static electricity ...................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.12 Errors of fitting ....................................................................................................................................................................................24

6.13 Isolation .....................................................................................................................................................................................................25

6.14 Maintenance ...........................................................................................................................................................................................25

6.15 Relevant but not significant hazards .................................................................................................................................26

7 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................26

7.1 Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................................................................26

7.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................26

7.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................26

7.2.2 Additional markings ..................................................................................................................................................27

7.3 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................27

7.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................27

7.3.2 Additional information ............................................................................................................................................30

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................31

Annex B (informative) Performance level required ..........................................................................................................................33

Annex C (normative) Stability test .......................................................................................................................................................................34

Annex D (normative) Test for braking function .....................................................................................................................................35

Annex E (normative) Impact test for guards .............................................................................................................................................37

Annex F (normative) Noise test code ................................................................................................................................................................40

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................47

iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19085-1:2021
ISO 19085-1:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39, Machine tools, Subcommittee SC

4, Woodworking machines, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN)

Technical Committee CEN/TC 142, Woodworking machines - Safety, in accordance with the Ag

...

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