This document specifies the mechanical and physical properties of bolts, screws, studs and nuts, with coarse pitch thread and fine pitch thread, made of corrosion-resistant stainless steels (i.e. martensitic stainless steels and precipitation hardening austenitic stainless steels) and nickel alloys, intended for use at high temperatures up to 800 °C

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon high nuts (style 2), in steel and stainless steel, with metric fine pitch thread 8 mm to 39 mm, and with product grades A and B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-2 or ISO 3506-2.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon regular nuts (style 1), in steel and stainless steel, with metric fine pitch thread 8 mm to 39 mm, and with product grades A and B.
NOTE       For nuts with sizes D > 39 mm, see Annex A.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-2 or ISO 3506-2.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon thin nuts (style 0), in steel and stainless steel, with metric fine pitch thread 8 mm to 64 mm, and with product grades A and B.
Thin nuts used as jam nuts are to be assembled together with a regular or high nut.
WARNING — Thin nuts (style 0) have a reduced loadability compared to regular nuts or high nuts, and are not designed to provide resistance to thread stripping (see ISO 898-2).
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, stainless steel grades and property classes can be selected from ISO 3506-2.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon high nuts (style 2), in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch thread M5 to M39, and with product grades A and B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-2 or ISO 3506-2.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon thin nuts (style 0), in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch thread M1,6 to M64, and with product grades A and B.
Thin nuts used as jam nuts are to be assembled together with a regular or high nut.
WARNING — Thin nuts (style 0) have a reduced loadability compared to regular nuts or high nuts, and are not designed to provide resistance to thread stripping (see ISO 898-2).
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, stainless steel grades and property classes can be selected from ISO 3506-2.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon regular nuts (style 1), in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch thread M5 to M39, and with product grades A and B.
NOTE            For nuts with sizes D < M5 and D > M39, see Annex A.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-2 or ISO 3506-2.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head screws, in steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M5 to M64, and with product grade C.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes can be selected from ISO 898-1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head bolts, in steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M5 to M64, and with product grade C.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes can be selected from ISO 898-1 and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head screws, in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M1,6 to M64, and with product grades A and B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-1 or ISO 3506-1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head bolts, in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M1,6 to M64, and with product grades A and B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-1 or ISO 3506-1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head bolts, in steel and stainless steel, with metric fine pitch threads M8×1 to M64×4, and with product grades A and B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-1 or ISO 3506-1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head bolts with reduced shank (shank diameter approximately equal to pitch diameter), in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M3 to M20, and with product grade B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-1 or ISO 3506-1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.
NOTE      For hexagon head bolts with full shank, see ISO 4014.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon head screws, in steel and stainless steel, with metric fine pitch threads M8×1 to M64×4, and with product grades A and B.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, property classes and stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 898-1 or ISO 3506-1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon socket button head screws with reduced loadability due to head design, in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M3 to M16, and with product grade A.
If, in certain cases, other specifications are requested, stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 3506-1, and the dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.
NOTE      The reduced loadability (related to the head dimensions in combination with penetration of the hexagon socket specified in this document) implies a limitation of ultimate tensile load shown by a specific marking (property class preceded by a zero). The loadability in the head is assumed to be 80 % of that in the thread for all sizes and all property classes, see Table 4.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexalobular socket countersunk flat head screws with reduced loadability due to head design, in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M2 to M10, and with product grade A.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, stainless steel grades can be selected from ISO 3506‑1, and dimensional options from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.
NOTE 1   The reduced loadability (related to the countersunk head dimensions in combination with penetration of the hexalobular socket specified in this document) implies a limitation of ultimate tensile load shown by a specific marking (property class preceded by a zero). The loadability in the head is assumed to be 80 % of that in the thread for all sizes and all property classes; see Table 3.
NOTE 2   Hexalobular socket countersunk head screws (high head), with full loadability are specified in ISO 14582, but these products are not interchangeable, because of different head heights.
NOTE 3   Particular attention is needed to ensure alignment of the countersunk head with the bearing surface of the countersink in the assembly.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon socket button head screws with collar, with reduced loadability due to head design, in steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M3 to M16, and with product grade A.
If in certain cases other specifications are requested, dimensional options can be selected from ISO 888 or ISO 4753.
NOTE      The reduced loadability (related to the head dimensions in combination with penetration of the hexagon socket specified in this document) implies a limitation of ultimate tensile load shown by a specific marking (property class preceded by a zero). The loadability in the head is assumed to be 80 % of that in the thread for all sizes and all property classes, see Table 4.

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This document specifies general rules and provides technical information on stainless steels and their properties, which are relevant when using other parts of the ISO 3506 series. It includes specifications for corrosion-resistant stainless steels and nickel alloys, which are suitable for the manufacture of fasteners.
It applies to austenitic, martensitic, ferritic and duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steel grades and nickel alloys for fasteners, and is intended to be used together with the relevant parts of the ISO 3506 series.
Common designations of stainless steels and nickel alloys used for fasteners are given in Annex A.

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This document specifies requirements for steel fasteners with electroplated coatings and coating systems. The requirements related to dimensional properties also apply to fasteners made of copper or copper alloys.
It also specifies requirements and gives recommendations to minimize the risk of hydrogen embrittlement, see 4.4 and Annex B.
It mainly applies to fasteners with zinc and zinc alloy coating systems (zinc, zinc-nickel, zinc-iron) and cadmium, primarily intended for corrosion protection and other functional properties:
—    with or without conversion coating,
—    with or without sealant,
—    with or without top coat,
—    with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant).
Specifications for other electroplated coatings and coating systems (tin, tin-zinc, copper-tin, copper-silver, copper, silver, copper-zinc, nickel, nickel-chromium, copper-nickel, copper-nickel-chromium) are included in this document only for dimensional requirements related to fasteners with ISO metric threads.
The requirements of this document for electroplated fasteners take precedence over other documents  dealing with electroplating.
This document applies to steel bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to other threaded fasteners and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips and rivets.
NOTE       Electroplating is also applied to stainless steel fasteners, e.g. for the purpose of lubrication in order to avoid galling.
Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.
This document does not specify requirements for properties such as weldability or paintability.

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This document specifies the mechanical and physical properties of heat treated tapping screws made of steel, with thread sizes ST2,2 to ST9,5 in accordance with ISO 1478, when tested at the ambient temperature range of 10 °C to 35 °C, and the related test methods.
Tapping screws are designed to form mating threads in sheet metals, without their own threads being deformed. Tapping screws are not intended to be pretensioned by design, even though they can experience varying degrees of low-level tensile stress after installation.

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This document specifies the mechanical and physical properties of nuts made of non-alloy steel or alloy steel, when tested at the ambient temperature range of 10 °C to 35 °C.
This document applies to nuts:
—    with ISO metric thread (see ISO 68-1),
—    with diameter/pitch combinations according to ISO 261 and ISO 262,
—    with coarse pitch thread M5 to M39, and fine pitch thread M8×1 to M39×3,
—    with thread tolerances according to ISO 965-1, ISO 965-2 or ISO 965-5,
—    with specified property classes 04, 05, 5, 6, 8, 10 and 12 including proof load,
—    of three different nut styles (see 5.1): regular nuts (style 1), high nuts (style 2) and thin nuts (style 0),
—    with a minimum outside diameter or width across flats s ≥ 1,45D,
—    able to mate with bolts, screws and studs with property classes in accordance with ISO 898-1 (see Annex B), and
—    intended to be used in applications ranging from –50 °C to +150 °C, or up to +300 °C.
WARNING — Nuts conforming to the requirements of this document are tested at the ambient temperature range of 10 °C to 35 °C and are used in applications ranging from –50 °C to +150 °C; however, these nuts are also used outside this range and up to +300 °C for specific applications. It is possible that they do not retain the specified mechanical and physical properties at lower and/or elevated temperatures. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the user to determine the appropriate choices based on the service environment conditions of the assembly (see also 7.1).
For additional specifications applicable to hot dip galvanized nuts, see ISO 10684.
For nuts designed for particular applications, see ISO/TR 16224.
This document does not specify requirements for functional properties such as:
—    prevailing torque properties (see ISO 2320),
—    torque/clamp force properties (see ISO 16047 for test method),
—    weldability, or
—    corrosion resistance.

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This document presents the latest knowledge related to hydrogen embrittlement, translated into know-how in a manner that is complete yet simple, and directly applicable to steel fasteners.

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This document specifies the mechanical and physical properties of nuts, with coarse pitch thread and fine pitch thread, made of corrosion-resistant stainless steels, when tested at the ambient temperature range of 10 °C to 35 °C. It specifies property classes in relation to austenitic, martensitic, ferritic and duplex (austenitic-ferritic) steel grades for nuts.
ISO 3506‑6 provides general rules and additional technical information on suitable stainless steels and their properties.
Nuts conforming to the requirements of this document are evaluated at the ambient temperature specified in paragraph 1. It is possible that they do not retain the specified mechanical and physical properties at elevated and/or lower temperatures.
NOTE 1  Fasteners conforming to the requirements of this document are used without restriction in applications ranging from ?20 °C to +150 °C; however, fasteners conforming to this document are also used for applications outside this range down to ?196 °C and up to +300 °C. For more details, see ISO 3506-6.
Outside the temperature range of ?20 °C to +150 °C, it is the responsibility of the user to determine the appropriate choice for a given application, in consultation with an experienced fastener metallurgist and by taking into account e.g. stainless steel composition, duration of exposure at elevated or low temperature, the effect of the temperature on the fastener mechanical properties and clamped parts, and the corrosive service environment of the bolted joint.
NOTE 2  ISO 3506‑5[1] is developed in order to assist in the selection of appropriate stainless steel grades and property classes intended for use at temperatures up to +800 °C.
This document applies to nuts:
—     with ISO metric thread in accordance with ISO 68‑1,
—     with diameter/pitch combinations in accordance with ISO 261 and ISO 262,
—     with coarse pitch thread M5 to M39, and fine pitch thread M8×1 to M39×3,
—     with thread tolerances in accordance with ISO 965‑1 and ISO 965‑2,
—     with specified property classes, including proof load,
—     with different nut styles: thin nuts, regular nuts and high nuts,
—     with a minimum nut height m ≥ 0,45D,
—     with a minimum outside diameter or width across flats s ≥ 1,45D (see Annex A),
—     of any shape, and
—     able to mate with bolts, screws and studs with property classes in accordance with ISO 3506‑1.
Stainless steel grades and property classes can be used for sizes outside the diameter limits of this document (i.e. for D < 5 mm or D > 39 mm), provided that all applicable chemical, mechanical and physical requirements are met.
This document does not specify requirements for functional properties such as:
—     torque/clamp force properties,
—     prevailing torque properties, or
—     weldability.
[1] Under preparation.

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This document specifies the mechanical and physical properties of bolts, screws and studs, with coarse pitch thread and fine pitch thread, made of corrosion-resistant stainless steels, when tested at the ambient temperature range of 10 °C to 35 °C. It specifies property classes in relation to austenitic, martensitic, ferritic and duplex (austenitic-ferritic) steel grades for fasteners.
The term "fasteners" is used in this document when bolts, screws and studs are considered all together.
ISO 3506‑6 provides general rules and additional technical information on suitable stainless steels and their properties.
Fasteners conforming to the requirements of this document are evaluated at the ambient temperature specified in paragraph 1. It is possible that they do not retain the specified mechanical and physical properties at elevated and/or lower temperatures.
NOTE 1  Fasteners conforming to the requirements of this document are used without restriction in applications ranging from ?20 °C to +150 °C; however, fasteners conforming to this document are also used for applications outside this range down to ?196 °C and up to +300 °C. For more details, see Annex A and ISO 3506‑6.
Outside the temperature range of ?20 °C to +150 °C, it is the responsibility of the user to determine the appropriate choice for a given application in consultation with an experienced fastener metallurgist and by taking into account e.g. stainless steel composition, duration of exposure at elevated or low temperature, the effect of the temperature on the fasteners mechanical properties and clamped parts, and the corrosive service environment of the bolted joint.
NOTE 2  ISO 3506‑5 is developed in order to assist in the selection of appropriate stainless steel grades and property classes intended for use at temperatures up to +800 °C.
This document applies to bolts, screws and studs:
—          with ISO metric thread in accordance with ISO 68‑1,
—          with diameter/pitch combinations in accordance with ISO 261 and ISO 262,
—          with coarse pitch thread M1,6 to M39, and fine pitch thread M8×1 to M39×3,
—          with thread tolerances in accordance with ISO 965‑1 and ISO 965‑2,
—          with specified property classes, and
—          of any shape.
Stainless steel grades and property classes can be used for sizes outside the diameter limits of this document (i.e. for d < 1,6 mm or d > 39 mm), provided that all applicable chemical, mechanical and physical requirements are met.
Certain bolts, screws and studs might not fulfil the tensile or torsional requirements of this document because of the geometry of their head or unthreaded shank, thus resulting in reduced loadability (e.g. when shear area in the head is less than the stress area in the thread; see 8.2.2).
This document does not apply to set screws and similar threaded fasteners not under tensile stress (see ISO 3506‑3).
It does not specify requirements for functional properties such as:
—          torque/clamp force properties,
—          shear strength,
—          fatigue resistance, or
—          weldability.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon socket countersunk head screws with reduced loadability due to head design, in steel and stainless steel, with metric coarse pitch threads M2 to M20, and with product grade A.
NOTE 1    Other dimensional options are given in ISO 888, ISO 965-1 and ISO 4753.
NOTE 2    The reduced loadability (related to the countersunk head dimensions in combination with penetration of the hexagon socket specified in this document) implies a limitation of ultimate tensile load; see Table 5.
NOTE 3    Particular attention is needed to ensure alignment of the countersunk head with the bearing surface of the countersink in the assembly.

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This document specifies an inspection procedure to be used by the purchaser where no prior agreement exists.
It also specifies a reference acceptance procedure for acceptance or rejection of an inspection lot, when no agreement can be reached between the purchaser and the supplier, or where conformance to specification is disputed.
It applies to inspection lots of bolts, screws, studs, nuts, pins, washers, rivets and other related fasteners.
This document applies to fasteners not intended for high volume machine assembly, special-purpose applications or specially engineered applications requiring more advanced in-process control and lot traceability.
For in-process control or final inspection by the manufacture and sorting, see ISO 16426.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon washer head drilling screws with tapping screw threads, made of steel, with thread sizes ST2,9 to ST6,3, and with product grade A.

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This document specifies the characteristics of hexagon washer head tapping screws, made of steel and stainless steel, with thread sizes ST2,2 to ST8, and with product grade A.

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This document specifies requirements for non-electrolytically applied zinc flake coating systems for steel fasteners. It is applicable to coatings:
—          with or without hexavalent chromium;
—          with or without top coat;
—          with or without lubricant (integral lubricant and/or subsequently added lubricant).
It is applicable to bolts, screws, studs and nuts with ISO metric thread, to fasteners with non-ISO metric thread, and to non-threaded fasteners such as washers, pins, clips, etc.
This document does not specify requirements for such fastener properties as weldability or paintability. It is not applicable to mechanically applied zinc coatings.
NOTE       Coatings in accordance with this document are especially used for high strength fasteners (≥ 1 000 MPa) to avoid risk of internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE — see 4.4).
Information for design and assembly of coated fasteners is given in Annex A.

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This draft European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural countersunk bolts and nuts of system HR suitable for preloaded joints with thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 8.8/8 or 8.8/10 and 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993 1 8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   regular nut height according to (style 1) see EN ISO 4032;
-   thread length of the bolt according to ISO 888.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399 6 or to EN 14399 5.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090–2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399 2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies together with EN 14399-1 and EN 14399-2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HV suitable for preloaded joints with large widths across flats, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies (including fit bolts with nominal shank diameter d + 1 mm) in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic deformation of the engaged threads. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   nut height approximately 0,8 d;
-   bolt with short thread length.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399-6.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399-2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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ISO 888:2012 specifies lengths and thread lengths for bolts, screws and studs for use in appropriate product standards and other relevant documents, e.g. for parts per drawing.
It applies to bolts, screws and studs with ISO metric screw thread according to ISO 68-1.

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This document specifies mechanical and physical properties of flat washers, designed to be used in bolted joints in combination with bolts, screws, studs and nuts with a specified property class in accordance with ISO 898‑1 and ISO 898‑2.
NOTE 1    These types of washers can also be used with other fasteners such as screws forming their own mating thread.
Washers that conform to the requirements of this document are evaluated at an ambient temperature range of 10 °C to 35 °C. They might not retain the specified mechanical and physical properties at elevated temperatures and/or lower temperatures.
NOTE 2    Washers conforming to the requirements of this document are used in applications ranging from −50 °C to +150 °C. Users are advised to consult an experienced fastener expert for temperatures outside this range and up to a maximum temperature of +300 °C when determining appropriate choices, or for critical applications.
This document is applicable to the following flat captive and non-captive washers made of carbon steel or alloy steel, with thickness from 0,2 mm to 12 mm:
—          plain washers (with or without knurls, ribs or chamfers);
—          square washers;
—          square hole washers;
—          shaped plates.
It does not specify requirements for the following properties:
—          corrosion resistance;
—          weldability.

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This document specifies terms and definitions for fasteners related to control, inspection, delivery, acceptance and quality.
These terms are mainly intended for use in conjunction with ISO 3269, ISO 16228 and ISO 16426.
A multilingual list of terms in alphabetical order is given in Annex A.
NOTE 1   For a fasteners quality assurance system, see ISO 16426.
NOTE 2   For other fasteners terms, see, for example, ISO 225, and other parts of ISO 1891, ISO 4753 and ISO 14588.
NOTE 3   For other general terms related to quality and statistics, see, for example, ISO 9000, ISO 3534‑1, ISO 3534‑2 and ISO 3534-3.
Successive order of languages:
en:  English
fr:    French
ru:   Russian
de:  German
zh:  Chinese
it:    Italian
ja:   Japanese
sv:  Swedish
NOTE 4   In addition to the official ISO languages, this document includes the terms and definitions in German and also gives the terms in Chinese, Italian, Japanese and Swedish.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399- and EN 14399-2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HRC suitable for preloaded joints, with hexagon head (large widths across flats), cup head or countersunk head, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property class 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   regular nut height according to (style 1), see EN ISO 4032; or
-   nut with height m = 1 D;
-   thread length of the bolt in accordance with ISO 888.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399-6 or to EN 14399-5 (under the nut only).
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if a satisfactory result is to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399-2 and in Clause 8 of this document.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399-1 and EN 14399-2, the requirements for direct tension indicators, nut face washers (HN) and bolt face washers (HB) as part of high-strength structural bolting assemblies suitable for preloaded joints.
These direct tension indicators are specified as part of high-strength structural bolting assemblies of system HR or HV in accordance with EN 14399-3, EN 14399-4, EN 14399-7 or EN 14399-8, with nominal thread sizes M12 up to and including M36 and property classes 8.8/8 or 8.8/10 and 10.9/10.
It specifies two property designations H8 and H10 for direct tension indicators, together with general dimensions, tolerances, materials and functional property/ies.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As1) according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt for system HR in accordance with EN 14399-3 or EN 14399-7, or by plastic deformation of the engaged threads for system HV in accordance with EN 14399-4 or EN 14399-8.
Bolting assemblies conforming to this document may include washer(s) according to EN 14399-6 or to EN 14399-5 (under the nut only).
NOTE 1   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399-2 together with Clause 5 of this document.
NOTE 2   Direct tension indicators are also known as load indicating washers.

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ISO 16228:2017 specifies the different types of fastener inspection documents issued by the fastener manufacturer or distributor and/or by the external authorized representative on specific request of the purchaser at the time of the order.
-      declaration of compliance (F2.1);
-      test reports (F2.2, F3.1 and F3.2).
NOTE       The term "certificate" is in common use, however for fastener inspection documents the terminology to be used is "test report".
ISO 16228:2017 specifies requirements for the content of each fastener inspection document, in conjunction with the order, the relevant standards and/or specified requirements.
ISO 16228:2017 is applicable to finished fasteners such as bolts, screws, studs, nuts, washers, pins, rivets, etc. made of steel, stainless steel, non-ferrous metal or non-metallic material.
ISO 16228:2017 does not apply to special-purpose or specially engineered applications requiring other types of procedures (e.g. initial samples).
Examples of inspection documents are given in Annex A. An example of a coding system identifying the sections in fastener inspection documents is given in Annex B.

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This part of this European Standard specifies the general requirements for bolting assemblies for non-preloaded structural bolting. Bolting assemblies in accordance with this European Standard are designed to be used in structural bolting connections for shear and/or tensile loading.
The intended use of bolting assemblies in accordance with this European standard is structural metallic works.
It applies to bolts (the term used when bolts partially threaded, screws, studs and stud-bolts are considered all together) and nuts made of carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel or aluminium or aluminium alloy with the following property classes:
-   bolts made of carbon steel and alloy steel: 4.6, 4.8, 5.6, 5.8, 6.8, 8.8, 10.9 (in accordance with EN ISO 898 1);
-   nuts made of carbon steel and alloy steel: 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 (in accordance with EN ISO 898 2);
-   bolts made of austenitic stainless steel: 50, 70, 80 (in accordance with EN ISO 3506 1);
-   nuts made of austenitic stainless steel: 50, 70, 80 (in accordance with EN ISO 3506 2);
-   bolts made of aluminium or aluminium alloy: AL1 to AL6 (in accordance with EN 28839);
-   nuts made of aluminium or aluminium alloy: AL1 to AL6 (in accordance with EN 28839).
This European Standard applies to bolting assemblies with ISO metric coarse pitch thread from sizes M12 to M39 for use in steel structures according to EN 1090 2, and from M5 to M39 for use in aluminium or aluminium alloy structures according to EN 1090 3. The use of thread sizes larger than M39 is not precluded provided all applicable requirements of this standard are met.
WARNING — Only bolting assemblies are covered by this harmonized standard: separate bolts or nuts, not tested as part of an assembly lot of bolting assemblies in accordance with EN 15048 2, are not covered by this harmonized standard and cannot be CE marked.
NOTE 1   The property classes 4.8, 5.8 and 6.8 may be subjected to limitations of use.
NOTE 2   High-strength structural bolting assemblies for preloading which meet the requirements of EN 14399–1 are not within the scope of this European Standard but they are also suitable for use in non-preloaded structural bolting.
NOTE 3   Bolts and nuts made of aluminium or aluminium alloys are not designed to be used in steel structures, see EN 1090–2.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this European Standard are not designed to be welded.
Railway rail fasteners are not covered by this European Standard.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements for structural bolting assemblies in order to ensure the suitability for non-preloaded bolted connections in steel structures or aluminium structures.
A suitability test is specified to check the behaviour of the structural bolting assemblies.
It applies to bolting assemblies specified in FprEN 15048-1.

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ISO 4759-3:2016 specifies tolerances for flat washers of product grades A, C and F with nominal diameters of 1 mm to 150 mm inclusive, designed to be used in bolted joints in combination with bolts, screws, studs and nuts.
This part of ISO 4759 may be applied to non-flat washers however it does not include all the tolerances related to these washers.
It applies to non-captive and captive washers, and to standard and non-standard washers.
It does not apply to dynamic disc springs.
Washers of product grades F and A are intended to be used with bolts, screws, studs and nuts of product grades A and B; washers of product grade C are intended to be used with bolts, screws, studs and nuts of product grade C.
NOTE          The product grade refers to a specific tolerance range related to dimensional and geometrical characteristics (product grade F for fine tolerances, product grade A for precise tolerances, product grade C for large tolerances).
Annex A presents tolerances taken from ISO 286‑1 and ISO 286‑2.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements for high-strength structural bolting assemblies in order to ensure the suitability for preloading of bolted connections in metallic structures.
A suitability test is specified to check the behaviour of the structural bolting assemblies so as to ensure that the required preload can be reliably obtained by the tightening methods specified in EN 1090 2 with sufficient margins against overtightening and against failure.

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This European Standard specifies together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HV suitable for preloaded joints with large widths across flats, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As ) according to EN 1993 1 8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic deformation of the engaged threads. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   nut height approximately 0,8 d;
-   bolt with short thread length.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399 6.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399 2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, hardened and tempered plain washers intended for bolting assemblies with large series hexagon high-strength structural bolts and nuts with threads from M12 to M36 inclusive. Washers according to this standard can be applied under the nut only.
Washers according to this standard are not intended to be used in direct contact with oversized or slotted holes.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the washers are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, hardened and tempered chamfered plain washers with chamfer intended for bolting assemblies with large series hexagon high-strength structural bolts and nuts with thread sizes from M12 to M36 inclusive.
Washers according to this standard are not intended to be used in direct contact with oversized or slotted holes.
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that the washers are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090–2 is made.

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This European Standard specifies the general requirements for bolt/nut/washer(s) assemblies for high-strength structural bolting, which are suitable for preloading.
The intended use of bolting assemblies in accordance with this European Standard is structural metallic works.
NOTE 1   High-strength structural bolting assemblies in accordance with EN 14399-2 to EN 14399-10 are designed to fulfil the requirements of this European Standard.
NOTE 2   High-strength structural bolting assemblies are suitable for preloading in accordance with EN 1090-2 in steel structures.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies smaller than M12 are not designed to be preloaded.
High-strength structural bolting assemblies are not designed to be welded.
Railway rail fasteners are not covered by this standard.

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This European Standard specifies, together with EN 14399 1 and EN 14399 2, the requirements for assemblies of high-strength structural bolts and nuts of system HR suitable for preloaded joints with large widths across flats, thread sizes M12 to M36 and property classes 8.8/8 or 8.8/10 and 10.9/10.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document have been designed to allow preloading of at least 0,7 fub × As  ) according to EN 1993 1 8 (Eurocode 3) and to obtain ductility predominantly by plastic elongation of the bolt. For this purpose the components have the following characteristics:
-   normal nut height (style 1), see EN ISO 4032;
-   thread length of the bolt according to ISO 888.
Bolting assemblies in accordance with this document include washers according to EN 14399 6 or to EN 14399 5 (under the nut only).
NOTE   Attention is drawn to the importance of ensuring that bolting assemblies are correctly used if satisfactory results are to be obtained. For recommendations concerning proper application, reference to EN 1090-2 is made.
General requirements and requirements for suitability for preloading are specified in EN 14399 2.
Clamp lengths and grip lengths for the bolting assemblies are specified in the normative Annex A.

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ISO 2320:2015 specifies the functional properties for prevailing torque steel nuts when tested at an ambient temperature range of +10 °C to +35 °C. It includes a combined test method to determine the prevailing torque properties and the torque/clamp force properties at the same time.
It applies to prevailing torque all metal type nuts and prevailing torque non-metallic insert type nuts:
-      with triangular ISO thread in accordance with ISO 68‑1;
-      with diameter/pitch combination in accordance with ISO 261 and ISO 262;
-      with coarse pitch thread M5 to M39 or with fine pitch thread M8 × 1 to M39 × 3;
-      with thread tolerances in accordance with ISO 965-2;
-      with mechanical properties in accordance with ISO 898‑2;
Prevailing torque values specified in this standard are based on laboratory test conditions.
NOTE 1       Actual prevailing torques in practical application can vary.
NOTE 2       All metal type nuts conforming to the requirements of this International Standard are used in applications ranging from −50 °C to +150 °C.
NOTE 3       Non-metallic insert type nuts conforming to the requirements of this International Standard are used in applications ranging from −50 °C to +120 °C.
WARNING ? Temperatures outside the ambient temperature range can influence the functional properties (torque/clamp force and prevailing torque properties), see Annex A.

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ISO 1891-2:2014 specifies terms and definitions for fastener coatings, primarily intended for corrosion protection and functional purposes. These terms are mainly intended for use in conjunction with ISO 4042, ISO 10683 and ISO 10684.

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