Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors - Part 3: Integrally geared centrifugal compressors (ISO 10439-3:2015)

ISO 10439-3:2015 specifies minimum requirements and gives recommendations for axial compressors, single-shaft and integrally geared process centrifugal compressors, and expander-compressors for special purpose applications that handle gas or process air in the petroleum, petrochemical, and natural gas industries. ISO 10439-4:2015 specifies integrally geared centrifugal compressors in conjunction with ISO 10439‑1.

Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Axial- und Radialkompressoren und Expanderkompressoren - Teil 3: Radialkompressoren mit integrierter Getriebeeinheit

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Compresseurs axiaux et centrifuges et compresseurs-détenteurs - Partie 3: Compresseurs centrifuges et axiaux à multiplicateur intégré (ISO 10439-3:2015)

L'ISO 10439-3:2015 spécifie les exigences minimales et fournit des recommandations pour les compresseurs axiaux, les compresseurs centrifuges mono-arbres à multiplicateur intégré et les compresseurs-détendeurs pour applications spéciales de traitement des gaz et de l'air dans les industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel. L'ISO 10439-3:2015 spécifie les compresseurs centrifuges à multiplicateur intégré en combinaison avec l'ISO 10439‑1.

Petrokemična industrija ter industrija za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina - Aksialni, radialni in ekspanzijski kompresorji - 3. del: Radialni kompresorji z vgrajenim gonilom (ISO 10439-3:2015)

Ta del standarda ISO 10439 določa minimalne zahteve in daje priporočila za aksialne kompresorje, radialne kompresorje z eno gredjo in vgrajenim gonilom ter ekspanzijske kompresorje za posebne namene, ki obdelujejo plin ali procesni zrak v petrokemični industriji ter industriji za predelavo nafte in zemeljskega plina. Ta del standarda ISO 10439 določa radialne kompresorje z vgrajenim gonilom v povezavi s standardom ISO 10439‑1.
OPOMBA 1: Glej API 672 za vdelane kompresorje instrumentalnega zraka.
OPOMBA 2: Na teh strojih so včasih zagotovljene ekspanzijske faze.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Feb-2015
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
16-Jul-2012

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01-maj-2015
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Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Axial and centrifugal compressors

and expander-compressors - Part 3: Integrally geared centrifugal compressors (ISO

10439-3:2015)
Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Axial- und Radialkompressoren und
Expanderkompressoren für Sonderanwendungen zur Handhabung von Gas oder

Prozessluft - Teil 3: Radialkompressoren mit integrierter Getriebeeinheit (ISO 10439-

3:2015)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Compresseurs axiaux et

centrifuges et compresseurs-détenteurs - Partie 3: Compresseurs centrifuges et axiaux à

multiplicateur intégré (ISO/DIS 10439-3:2010)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ICS:
23.140 .RPSUHVRUMLLQSQHYPDWLþQL Compressors and pneumatic
VWURML machines
75.180.20 Predelovalna oprema Processing equipment
SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 10439-3
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2015
ICS 75.180.20; 71.120.99 Supersedes EN ISO 10439:2002
English Version
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Axial and
centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors - Part 3:
Integrally geared centrifugal compressors (ISO 10439-3:2015)

Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel - Erdöl-, petrochemische und Erdgasindustrie - Axial- und

Compresseurs axiaux et centrifuges et compresseurs- Radialkompressoren und Expanderkompressoren für

détenteurs - Partie 3: Compresseurs centrifuges et axiaux à Sonderanwendungen zur Handhabung von Gas oder

multiplicateur intégré (ISO 10439-3:2015) Prozessluft - Teil 3: Radialkompressoren mit integrierter

Getriebeeinheit (ISO 10439-3:2015)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 November 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 10439-3:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
EN ISO 10439-3:2015 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
EN ISO 10439-3:2015 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 10439-3:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 118

"Compressors and pneumatic tools, machines and equipment" in collaboration with Technical Committee

CEN/TC 12 “Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas

industries” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by August 2015.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 10439:2002.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 10439-3:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 10439-3:2015 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10439-3
First edition
2015-02-15
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural
gas industries — Axial and centrifugal
compressors and expander-
compressors —
Part 3:
Integrally geared centrifugal
compressors
Industries du pétrole, de la pétrochimie et du gaz naturel —
Compresseurs axiaux et centrifuges et compresseurs-détenteurs —
Partie 3: Compresseurs centrifuges et axiaux à multiplicateur intégré
Reference number
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
ISO 2015
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, abbreviated terms, and definitions ............................................................................................................................... 1

4 General ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.1 Dimensions and units ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Statutory requirements ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Unit responsibility ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.4 Basic design ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.4.1 Performance ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.5 Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.6 Casings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.6.1 Pressure-containing casings .................................................................................................................................. 2

4.6.2 Casing repair........................................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.6.3 Material inspection of pressure-containing parts ............................................................................... 3

4.6.4 Pressure casing connections ................................................................................................................................. 3

4.6.5 Casing support structure .......................................................................................................................................... 3

4.6.6 External forces and moments ............................................................................................................................... 3

4.6.7 Variable inlet and/or diffuser guide vanes .................. .............................................................................. 4

4.7 Rotating elements................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.8 Dynamics ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.9 Bearings and bearing housings................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.9.2 Hydrodynamic radial bearings ............................................................................................................................ 5

4.9.3 Hydrodynamic thrust bearings ........................................................................................................................... 5

4.9.4 Bearing housings ............................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.10 Shaft end seals ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.11 Integral gearing ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.12 Nameplates and rotation arrows .........................................................................................................................................10

5 Accessories ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.1 Drivers .........................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.2 Couplings and guards .....................................................................................................................................................................10

5.3 Lubrication and sealing systems ..........................................................................................................................................10

5.4 Mounting plates...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.5 Controls and instrumentation ................................................................................................................................................11

5.6 Piping and appurtenances .........................................................................................................................................................12

5.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.6.2 Process piping and accessories ........................................................................................................................12

5.7 Special tools ............................................................................................................................................................................................12

6 Inspection, testing, and preparation for shipment ........................................................................................................12

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.2 Inspection .................................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.2.1 Gear contact checks ....................................................................................................................................................13

6.3 Testing .........................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.3.1 Mechanical running test .........................................................................................................................................13

6.3.2 Assembled compressor gas leakage test ..................................................................................................15

6.3.3 * Optional tests ...............................................................................................................................................................15

6.4 Preparation for shipment ...........................................................................................................................................................16

7 Supplier’s data .....................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2 Proposals ...................................................................................................................................................................................................16

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)

7.3 Contract data .........................................................................................................................................................................................16

Annex A (normative) Datasheets ..........................................................................................................................................................................17

Annex B (informative) Vendor (Supplier) data and drawing requirements (VDDR) ......................................30

Annex C (informative) Nomenclature ...............................................................................................................................................................40

Annex D (informative) Typical materials for integrally geared compressors ........................................................43

Annex E (informative) Inspector’s checklist ..............................................................................................................................................59

Annex F (informative) External forces and moments ......................................................................................................................64

Annex G (normative) Rating formulae for integral gearing ......................................................................................................65

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................68

iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT), see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 118, Compressors and pneumatic tools, machines

and equipment, Subcommittee SC 1, Process compressors.

This first edition, together with ISO 10439-1, ISO 10439-2, and ISO 10439-4, replaces ISO 10439:2002.

ISO 10439 consists of the following parts, under the general title Petroleum, petrochemical and natural

gas industries — Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Non-integrally geared centrifugal and axial compressors
— Part 3: Integrally geared centrifugal compressors
— Part 4: Expander-compressors
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
Introduction

This International Standard is based on the 7th edition of the American Petroleum Institute standard API 617.

Users of this International Standard should be aware that further or differing requirements might be

needed for individual applications. This International Standard is not intended to inhibit a supplier

from offering or the purchaser from accepting alternative equipment or engineering solutions for the

individual application. This can be particularly appropriate where there is innovative or developing

technology. Where an alternative is offered, the supplier should identify any variations from this

International Standard and provide details.

A asterisk (*) at the beginning of the paragraph of a clause or subclause indicates that either a decision is

required or further information is to be provided by the purchaser. This information should be indicated

on data sheets or stated in the enquiry or purchase order (see examples in Annex A, ISO 10439-2:2015,

Annex A, and ISO 10439-4:2015, Annex A).
This International Standard includes the following annexes:
— Annex A: Datasheets
— Annex B: Vendor (Supplier) data and drawing requirements (VDDR)
— Annex C: Nomenclature
— Annex D: Typical materials for integrally geared compressors
— Annex E: Inspector’s checklist
— Annex F: External forces and moments
— Annex G: Rating formulae for integral gearing

Annex A and Annex G form a normative part of this part of ISO 10439. Annexes B to F are for information only.

In this International Standard, where practical, US customary units are included in parentheses for

information.
vi © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries —
Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-
compressors —
Part 3:
Integrally geared centrifugal compressors
1 Scope

This part of ISO 10439 specifies minimum requirements and gives recommendations for axial

compressors, single-shaft and integrally geared process centrifugal compressors, and expander-

compressors for special purpose applications that handle gas or process air in the petroleum,

petrochemical, and natural gas industries. This part of ISO 10439 specifies integrally geared centrifugal

compressors in conjunction with ISO 10439-1.
NOTE 1 See API 672 for packaged plant instrument air compressors.
NOTE 2 Expander stages are sometimes provided on these machines.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5389, Turbocompressors — Performance test code

ISO 8068, Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) — Family T (Turbines) — Specification

for lubricating oils for turbines

ISO 10439-1, Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Axial and centrifugal compressors

and expander-compressors — Part 1: General requirements
API 670, Machinery protection systems

AGMA 2015-1-A01, Accuracy classification system — Tangential measurements for cylindrical gears

AGMA 2101-D04, Fundamental rating factors and calculation methods for involute spur and helical gear teeth

ASME PTC 10-1997, Performance test code on compressors and exhausters
3 Terms, abbreviated terms, and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms, abbreviated terms, and definitions given in ISO 10439-1 apply.

NOTE A cross-section showing nomenclature of an integrally geared centrifugal compressor is included in

Annex C.
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
4 General
4.1 Dimensions and units
The dimensional and unit requirements shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1.
4.2 Statutory requirements
The statutory requirements shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1.
4.3 Unit responsibility
The unit responsibilities shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1.
4.4 Basic design
4.4.1 Performance

4.4.1.1 The sectional head-capacity characteristic curve of each compressor section shall rise

continuously from the rated point to predicted surge. The compressor, without the use of a bypass, shall be

suitable for continuous operation at any capacity at least 10 % greater than the predicted surge capacity

shown in the proposal.

4.4.1.2 Unless otherwise specified, the design lubricant shall be hydrocarbon oil of viscosity Grade 32

with an FZG load stage of 5, in accordance with ISO 8068. Viscosity Grade 46 with an FZG load stage

of 5 can be used as a design lubricant, with the purchaser’s approval. Oils with extreme pressure (EP)

additives shall not be used.

NOTE Typical oil used in refineries and chemical plants has an FZG of 5 or higher. Requiring a higher FZG by

design can require the need for special oil for this equipment.
4.5 Materials
Materials shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.5.
NOTE Refer to Annex D for typical materials.
4.6 Casings
Casings shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6 and 4.6.1 to 4.6.6.
4.6.1 Pressure-containing casings

4.6.1.1 * The maximum allowable working pressure of each pressure casing shall be at least equal

to the specified relief valve set pressure for that casing. The purchaser will specify the relief valve set

pressure(s) for final discharge pressure and intermediate casing pressures, if applicable.

NOTE If only one relief valve pressure is specified, its set pressure does not usually apply to the

intermediate pressure.

4.6.1.1.1 When a relief valve set pressure is not specified, each pressure casing shall be rated for at least

125 % of the maximum specified discharge pressure (gauge) of that pressure casing as determined by the

supplier. System protection shall be furnished by the purchaser.

4.6.1.2 Socket-head or spanner-type bolting shall not be used externally unless specifically approved

by the purchaser. For limited space locations, integrally flanged fasteners might be required.

2 © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 10439-3:2015
ISO 10439-3:2015(E)
4.6.2 Casing repair
Casings repairs shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.2.
4.6.3 Material inspection of pressure-containing parts

Casing material inspection of pressure-containing parts shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.3.

4.6.4 Pressure casing connections

Pressure casing connections shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.4 and 4.6.4.1 and 4.6.4.2.

4.6.4.1 Main process connections
Main process connections shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.4.2.
4.6.4.2 Auxiliary connections

4.6.4.2.1 If flanged or machined and studded openings are impractical, threaded connections can be used

where they do not come in contact with flammable or toxic gas, with the purchaser’s approval as follows:

a) on non-weldable materials, such as cast iron;
b) where essential for maintenance (disassembly and assembly).
These threaded openings shall be as specified in ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.4.3.8.

4.6.4.2.2 Auxiliary connections shall be at least DN 20 (NPS 3/4-in). See 4.11.1.7 to 4.11.1.8 and Table 1

for auxiliary gearbox connections.
NOTE See ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.4.1.3 for allowable connection sizes.

4.6.4.2.3 Threaded connections for pipe sizes DN 20 (NPS 3/4-in) to DN 40 (NPS 1-1/2-in) size are

permissible with the approval of the purchaser.
NOTE See ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.4.1.3 for allowable connection sizes.
4.6.5 Casing support structure

The mounting of the pressure casing (volute) to the gearbox shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015,

4.4.1.7. Bolting used to mount pressure casings shall be in accordance with ISO 10439-1:2015, 4.6.1.7.

4.6.6 External forces and moments

4.6.6.1 The supplier shall furnish the allowable forces and moments for each main process nozzle

which has a customer connection in tabular form with the proposal. If nozzle loadings are not furnished,

they shall be no less than NEMA SM23.
NOTE 1 Force
...

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