Durability of wood and wood-based products - Determination of emissions from preservative treated wood to the environment - Part 1: Wood held in the storage yard after treatment and wooden commodities exposed in Use Class 3 (not covered, not in contact with the ground) - Laboratory method

This Technical Specification describes a laboratory method for obtaining water samples from preservative treated wood exposed out of ground contact (wood held in the storage yard after treatment and which has been in conditions designed to simulate outdoor, out of ground contact situations), at increasing time intervals after exposure.

Dauerhaftigkeit von Holz und Holzprodukten - Abschätzung von Emissionen von mit Holzschutzmitteln behandeltem Holz an die Umwelt - Teil 1: Holz auf dem Lagerplatz nach der Behandlung und Holzprodukte in Gebrauchsklasse 3 (nicht abgedeckt, ohne Erdkontakt) - Laborverfahren

Diese Technische Spezifikation beschreibt ein Laborverfahren für die Gewinnung von Wasserproben von mit Holzschutzmitteln behandeltem Holz ohne Erdkontakt (auf dem Lagerplatz gelagertes Holz nach der Behandlung und in Gebrauchsklasse 3), mit Zeitabständen nach der Beanspruchung.

Durabilité du bois et des matériaux à base de bois - Estimation des émissions dans l'environnement du bois traité avec des produits de préservation - Partie 1 : Bois stocké en dépôt après traitement et articles en bois exposés en classe d'emploi 3 (non couverts, non en contact avec le sol) - Méthode de laboratoire

La présente Spécification technique décrit une méthode de laboratoire permettant d’obtenir des échantillons d’eau à partir d’un bois traité avec des produits de préservation et exposé sans aucun contact avec le sol (bois stocké en dépôt après traitement et en classe d’emploi 3), à des intervalles de temps croissants après l’exposition.

Trajnost lesa in lesnih izdelkov - Določanje emisij iz zaščitenega lesa v okolje - 1. del: Sveže zaščiten les na skladiščih in leseni izdelki, izpostavljeni 3. razredu uporabe (nepokrito, ni v stiku z zemljo) - Laboratorijska metoda

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
20-May-2008
Withdrawal Date
16-Jan-2018
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
17-Jan-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
01-september-2008

7UDMQRVWOHVDLQOHVQLKL]GHONRY'RORþDQMHHPLVLML]]DãþLWHQHJDOHVDYRNROMH

GHO6YHåH]DãþLWHQOHVQDVNODGLãþLKLQOHVHQLL]GHONLL]SRVWDYOMHQLUD]UHGX

XSRUDEH QHSRNULWRQLYVWLNX]]HPOMR /DERUDWRULMVNDPHWRGD
Durability of wood and wood-based products - Determination of emissions from

preservative treated wood to the environment - Part 1: Wood held in the storage yard

after treatment and wooden commodities exposed in Use Class 3 (not covered, not in

contact with the ground) - Laboratory method
Dauerhaftigkeit von Holz und Holzprodukten - Abschätzung von Emissionen von mit

Holzschutzmitteln behandeltem Holz an die Umwelt - Teil 1: Holz auf dem Lagerplatz

nach der Behandlung und Holzprodukte in Gebrauchsklasse 3 (nicht abgedeckt, ohne
Erdkontakt) - Laborverfahren

Durabilité du bois et des matériaux a base de bois - Estimation des émissions dans

l'environnement du bois traité avec des produits de préservation - Partie 1 : Bois stocké

en dépôt apres traitement et articles en bois exposés en classe d'emploi 3 (non couverts,

non en contact avec le sol) - Méthode de laboratoire
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
ICS:
13.020.30 Ocenjevanje vpliva na okolje Environmental impact
assessment
71.100.50 .HPLNDOLMH]D]DãþLWROHVD Wood-protecting chemicals
SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
CEN/TS 15119-1
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
May 2008
ICS 13.020.30; 71.100.50
English Version
Durability of wood and wood-based products - Determination of
emissions from preservative treated wood to the environment -
Part 1: Wood held in the storage yard after treatment and
wooden commodities exposed in Use Class 3 (not covered, not
in contact with the ground) - Laboratory method

Durabilité du bois et des matériaux à base de bois - Dauerhaftigkeit von Holz und Holzprodukten - Abschätzung

Estimation des émissions dans l'environnement du bois von Emissionen von mit Holzschutzmitteln behandeltem

traité avec des produits de préservation - Partie 1 : Bois Holz an die Umwelt - Teil 1: Holz auf dem Lagerplatz nach

stocké en dépôt après traitement et articles en bois der Behandlung und Holzprodukte in Gebrauchsklasse 3

exposés en classe d'emploi 3 (non couverts, non en (nicht abgedeckt, ohne Erdkontakt) - Laborverfahren

contact avec le sol) - Méthode de laboratoire

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 20 November 2007 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their

comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS available

promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the CEN/TS)

until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 15119-1:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
CEN/TS 15119-1:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................5

2 Description of the test method.....................................................................................................................5

3 Test report....................................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Recording forms .................................................................................................................11

Bibliography ..............................................................................................................................................................13

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
CEN/TS 15119-1:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (CEN/TS 15119-1: 2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 38 “Durability

of wood and wood-based products”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

This document is derived from a Technical Report (CEN/TR 15119), submitted to OECD as a draft Test

Guideline, following a request from OECD for the development of an OECD wide environmental exposure

scenario document for wood preservatives in the framework of the EU Biocides Directive 98/8/EC.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
CEN/TS 15119-1:2008 (E)
Introduction

The emissions from preservative treated wood into the environment need to be quantified to enable an

environmental risk assessment to be made of the treated wood. This document describes a laboratory method

for the determination of emissions from preservative treated wood where the preservative treated wood is not

covered and not in contact with the ground or the water. There are two situations in this case where such

emissions could enter the environment:

a) emissions from preservative treated wood stored outside in the storage yard of a preservative treatment

site. Rain falling on the treated wood could produce emissions that run off into surface water and / or soil;

b) emissions from treated wood used in commodities exposed in Use Class 3. This is the situation in which

the wood or wood-based product is not covered and not in contact with the ground. It is either continually

exposed to the weather or is protected from the weather but subject to frequent wetting. Use classes are

defined in EN 335-1 and categorise the biological hazard to which the treated commodity will be

subjected. The Use Classes also define the situation in which the treated commodity is used and

determine the environmental compartments (air, water, soil) which are potentially at risk from the

preservative treated wood. Rain falling on treated wood in Use Class 3 could produce emissions that run

off into surface water and/ or soil.

The method is a laboratory procedure for obtaining water samples (emissate) from treated wood exposed out

of ground contact, at time intervals after exposure. The quantities of emissions in the emissate are related to

the surface area of the wood and the length of exposure, to estimate a flux in milligrams per square metre per

day. The flux after increasing periods of exposure (e.g. 1 year, 10 years) can be estimated.

NOTE The emissate can also be tested for eco-toxicological effects.

The quantity of emissions can be used in an environmental risk assessment of the treated wood.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
CEN/TS 15119-1:2008 (E)
1 Scope

This Technical Specification describes a laboratory method for obtaining water samples from preservative

treated wood exposed out of ground contact (wood held in the storage yard after treatment and which has

been in conditions designed to simulate outdoor, out of ground contact situations), at increasing time intervals

after exposure.
2 Description of the test method
2.1 General considerations

The principal agent for causing emissions from wood during open-air storage in the yard and in Use Class 3 is

rainfall. Wood exposed in above ground situations is subjected to intermittent wetting by rainfall and drying of

the wood surface between the rainfall events. These wetting and drying cycles are simulated by the method

described in this document. It is assumed that emissions obtained by short-term immersion in water are

indicative of the emissions which will occur during exposure to rainfall.

The wood, in the case of wood treated with a wood preservative, shall be representative of commercially

treated wood. It shall be treated in accordance with the preservative manufacturer’s instructions and in

compliance with appropriate standards and specifications. The parameters for post-treatment conditioning of

the wood prior to the commencement of the test shall be stated.
The wood samples used shall be representative of the commodities used.

The composition, amount, pH value and the physical form of rainfall are important in determining the quantity,

content and nature of emissions from wood. However, simulating a realistic rainfall regime in the laboratory is

time-consuming, expensive and is likely to lack reproducibility, accuracy, precision and reliability. This method

uses a 1 min immersion in water and has been developed to give the wood moisture content, which is relative

to a rainfall event. There are three immersions per day and days of immersion are set at 1 days, 3 days, 5

days, 8 days, 10 days, 12 days, 15 days, 17 days and 19 days. This schedule allows sampling 3 times per

week on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
2.2 Principle

To simulate the emission of wood preservatives from wood exposed to rain water, a simulated wetting and

drying process is employed. At each of the 9 “immersion days” stated in 2.1, the following process is applied :

test specimens are immersed in water for 1 minute and then removed and allowed to dry; this cycle is

repeated three times during an immersion day. This process is used to simulate the wetting and drying of

natural exposure situations. The water (emissate) from each immersion day is collected and analysed

chemically. It is suitable for ecotoxicity testing. Emission rates in milligrams per square metre per day are

calculated from analytical results.

A system with untreated wood specimens provides background levels for emissates from wood. Tests with

untreated samples can be discontinued if there is no background detected in the first three data points.

2.3 Product and reagent
2.3.1 Water

Water complying with grade 3 of EN ISO 3696 or water especially designed for environmental investigations is

ideal. Deionised water can also be used. The pH value shall normally be in the range 5 to 7. The pH value

shall not be adjusted unless special conditions might justify setting the pH to a specified value between 5

and 7.
Water temperature shall be (20 ± 2) °C.
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 15119-1:2008
CEN/TS 15119-1:2008 (E)
The pH value and water temperature shall be stated in the test report.
2.3.2 Preservative

The identity of the preservative product used to treat the wood samples shall be stated in the test report. It

shall state the name and other designation of the preservative, and the trade or common name of the active

ingredient(s) and substances of concern (as defined in the EU Directive 98/8/EC) or a generic description of

co-formulants and the composition of the product expressed in terms of the mass fraction of each of the

ingredients.
2.4 Apparatus
2.4.1 Immersion container

The container shall be made of a material that is inert to water and the treated timber and large enough to

allow the test specimens to have all their faces exposed to water and to contain sufficient water for the ratio of

the exposed surface area of the test specimen to the volume of water to which it is exposed, to be 40

2 3 2 -3 2

(i.e. 40 m per 1m or 0,4 cm × 1cm ). The volume of water required is therefore 25 l per m of exposed

3 2
surface area of the test specimen (this is equivalent to 2,5 cm per cm ).

NOTE For example, for five wood test specimens 25 mm wide by 50 mm long, 15 mm thick, end sealed, where the

surface area exposed to water is 200 cm , the volume of water required is 500 ml.

2.4.2 Assembly for test specimens

No equipment used to hold the test specimens below the level of the water shall be made of a material that

will react with the water or the treated timber. The test samples should be restrained in a test frame which

allows all 5 test specimens to be manoeuvred simultaneously and which allows free access of water to all

surfaces.
2.5 Test specimens
2.5.1 Species of wood
The wood species shall be typical of
...

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