Railway applications - Windscreens for trains

This document specifies the functional requirements for rail vehicle windscreens, including type testing, routine testing and inspection methods for high speed rail, heavy rail, light rail and metro applications.
This document is also applicable for tram vehicles.
For on-track machines (OTMs) when in transport mode (self-propelled or hauled) the requirements of this standard are applicable. OTMs in working configuration are outside the scope of this document.
Determination of the size, shape, orientation and position of windscreens is outside the scope of this document. These data form part of the windscreen technical specification.
This document applies to windscreens made of laminated glass, which is the most commonly used material but also to other materials, subject to the performance requirements being satisfied.
This document does not specify requirements for the interfaces between the windscreen and the vehicle. Accordingly this document does not address issues relating to: installation, structural integrity and crashworthiness.

Bahnanwendungen - Frontscheiben für Schienenfahrzeuge

Dieses Dokument legt die funktionellen Anforderungen für Frontscheiben in Schienenfahrzeugen fest, einschließlich Typprüfung, Serienprüfung und Untersuchungsverfahren für Hochgeschwindigkeits-, Voll-bahn-, Light Rail- und Untergrundbahnanwendungen.
Dieses Dokument ist auch für Straßenbahnfahrzeuge anwendbar.
Für Gleisbaumaschinen (OTM, en: on-track machines) sind die Anforderungen dieser Norm anwendbar, wenn sie im Transportmodus sind (selbstangetrieben oder geschleppt). Gleisbaumaschinen im Arbeits-modus fallen nicht in den Anwendungsbereich dieses Dokuments.
Die Bestimmung von Größe, Form, Ausrichtung und Position von Frontscheiben fällt nicht in den Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm. Diese Angaben sind Teil der technischen Spezifikation der Frontscheiben.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Frontscheiben aus Verbundglas, dem am häufigsten verwendeten Material, aber auch für andere Materialien, mit denen die Anforderungen an die Frontscheibe erfüllt werden können.
Dieses Dokument legt keine Anforderungen für die Schnittstellen zwischen Frontscheibe und Fahrzeug fest. Folglich behandelt dieses Dokument nicht Themen der Installation, der Fahrzeugstruktureigenschaften und des Crashverhaltens.

Applications ferroviaires - Vitres frontales pour véhicules ferroviaires

Le présent document spécifie les exigences fonctionnelles relatives aux vitres frontales des véhicules ferroviaires, y compris les essais de type, les essais de série et les méthodes d'examen associées pour les trains à grande vitesse, les véhicules ferroviaires lourds, les véhicules ferroviaires légers et les métros.
Le présent document est également applicable aux tramways.
Pour les engins de voie (OTM, On Track Machine) en mode transport (machines automotrices ou remorquées), les exigences de la présente norme sont applicables. Les engins de voie en configuration de travail ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application du présent document.
La détermination des dimensions, de la forme, de l'orientation et de la position des vitres frontales ne relève pas du domaine d'application de la présente norme. Ces données sont indiquées dans la spécification technique de la vitre frontale.
Le présent document s'applique aux vitres frontales composées de verre feuilleté (matériau le plus couramment utilisé), mais aussi à d'autres matériaux sous réserve qu'ils respectent les exigences de performances.
Le présent document ne spécifie pas les exigences relatives aux interfaces entre la vitre frontale et le véhicule. Par conséquent, le présent document ne traite pas des questions relatives à l’installation, l'intégrité structurelle et à l'aptitude à la collision.

Železniške naprave - Vetrobranska stekla za vlake

Ta evropski standard določa funkcionalne zahteve za vetrobranska stekla za vlake, vključno s tipskim preskušanjem, rutinskim preskušanjem in metodami nadzora.
Zahteve iz tega standarda se uporabljajo za tirne stroje (OTM), ko so v načinu transporta (samognani ali vlečeni). Področje uporabe tega standarda ne zajema tirnih strojev v delovni konfiguraciji.
Določanje velikosti, oblike, usmerjenosti in položaja vetrobranskega stekla ne spada na področje uporabe tega dokumenta. Ti podatki so del tehnične specifikacije za vetrobranska stekla.
Ta dokument se uporablja za vetrobranska stekla iz lepljenega stekla, ki je najpogosteje uporabljen material, in tudi drugih materialov, ki morajo izpolnjevati zahteve glede zmogljivosti.
Ta dokument ne določa zahtev za vmesnike med vetrobranskim steklom in vozilom. Skladno s tem ta dokument ne obravnava vprašanj v zvezi s strukturno celovitostjo in zagotavljanjem pasivne varnosti pri trčenju.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Aug-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
14-Aug-2019
Completion Date
14-Aug-2019

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 15152:2019
English language
58 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15152:2019
01-oktober-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15152:2007
Železniške naprave - Vetrobranska stekla za vlake
Railway applications - Windscreens for trains
Bahnanwendungen - Frontscheiben für Schienenfahrzeuge
Applications ferroviaires - Vitres frontales pour trains
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15152:2019
ICS:
45.060.10 Vlečna vozila Tractive stock
SIST EN 15152:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.060.10 Supersedes EN 15152:2007
English Version
Railway applications - Windscreens for trains

Applications ferroviaires - Vitres frontales pour Bahnanwendungen - Frontscheiben für

véhicules ferroviaires Schienenfahrzeuge
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 June 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15152:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Functional requirements........................................................................................................................... 11

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1 Windscreen classification ......................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Driver's windscreens .................................................................................................................................. 13

4.1.3 Passenger windscreens and vehicle end windows .......................................................................... 14

4.2 Optical areas .................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.3 Windscreen test requirements ............................................................................................................... 15

4.3.1 Type tests ........................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.3.2 Routine tests .................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.4 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 16

4.5 Service requirements ................................................................................................................................. 17

4.6 Storage and handling of finished windscreens.................................................................................. 17

5 Visual and optical requirements ............................................................................................................ 18

5.1 Appearance defects ..................................................................................................................................... 18

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.1.2 Visual inspection procedure for appearance defects...................................................................... 18

5.1.3 Definition and classification of defects ................................................................................................ 20

5.1.4 Defect acceptance criteria ......................................................................................................................... 22

5.2 Optical characteristics ................................................................................................................................ 22

5.2.1 Secondary image separation .................................................................................................................... 22

5.2.2 Optical distortion ......................................................................................................................................... 23

5.2.3 Haze ................................................................................................................................................................... 24

5.2.4 Light transmittance ..................................................................................................................................... 24

5.2.5 Chromaticity .................................................................................................................................................. 26

6 Mechanical characteristics ....................................................................................................................... 29

6.1 Impact resistance ......................................................................................................................................... 29

6.1.1 Impact test requirements.......................................................................................................................... 29

6.1.2 Spalling assessment .................................................................................................................................... 31

6.1.3 Impact test projectile velocity ................................................................................................................. 31

6.1.4 Impact test procedure ................................................................................................................................ 33

6.1.5 Impact test acceptance criteria ............................................................................................................... 34

6.2 Residual visibility......................................................................................................................................... 34

6.2.1 Test samples .................................................................................................................................................. 34

6.2.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 35

6.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 35

6.3 Resistance against abrasion ..................................................................................................................... 35

6.4 Resistance to repeated impact from small particles (gravelling) .............................................. 35

6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

6.4.2 Test samples .................................................................................................................................................. 35

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)

6.4.3 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 36

6.5 Bullet resistance ........................................................................................................................................... 36

7 Performance in service ............................................................................................................................... 37

7.1 Heating system .............................................................................................................................................. 37

7.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 37

7.1.2 Heating uniformity ....................................................................................................................................... 37

7.1.3 Coating based heating systems ................................................................................................................ 38

7.1.4 Wire based heating systems ..................................................................................................................... 38

7.1.5 Resistance measurement ........................................................................................................................... 38

7.1.6 Voltage withstand test ................................................................................................................................ 38

7.2 Resistance against ageing .......................................................................................................................... 38

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38

7.2.2 Accelerated weathering test ..................................................................................................................... 39

7.2.3 Thermal cycling ............................................................................................................................................. 39

7.2.4 Humidity test .................................................................................................................................................. 40

7.2.5 Windscreen heating test ............................................................................................................................ 41

Annex A (normative) Determination of windscreen angles ....................................................................... 42

A.1 Determination of windscreen plan view angle .................................................................................. 42

A.2 Determination of the rake angle ............................................................................................................. 45

Annex B (normative) Transmittance calculation for inclined windscreen .......................................... 46

Annex C (normative) Windscreen test sample mounting ........................................................................... 49

Annex D (normative) Impact test projectile .................................................................................................... 51

Annex E (normative) Gravelling test projectile .............................................................................................. 53

Annex F (informative) Test samples ................................................................................................................... 54

F.1 Test sample properties ............................................................................................................................... 54

F.2 Test sample for optical tests ..................................................................................................................... 54

F.3 .Test sample for mechanical tests ........................................................................................................... 54

F.4 Test sample for ageing tests ..................................................................................................................... 54

Annex G (normative) Summary of testing requirements ............................................................................ 55

Annex H (informative) Alternative method for testing resistance to Ultra Violet radiation ......... 56

H.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

H.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 56

H.3 Interpretation of results ............................................................................................................................ 56

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered .............................................. 57

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 58

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15152:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2020, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15152:2007.

In comparison with the previous edition, the following technical modifications have been made:

Clause/subclause/table/figure Change

Whole document and scope Introduction of urban rail requirements, requirements for

high speed trains and for certain types of OTMs
2 Normative references The normative references have been updated

3 Terms and definitions Creation of new definitions for different types of windscreen

and glazing (e.g lateral windscreens, passenger windscreens,
etc)
3 Terms and definitions New definitions for hotspots, heavy rail and light rail

4.1.1 Windscreen classifications New sub clause for the classification of windscreens into

different types: driver's windscreens, lateral windscreen,
passenger windscreen
4.2 Optical areas New definitions of different optical areas based on the types
of windscreens

4.3 Windscreen test requirements All the test requirements as well as test prescriptions have

been moved to the corresponding sub clauses
4.4 Marking Former 4.3.3 has been moved and modified

4.5 Service requirements New sub clause for in service requirements for windscreens

4.6 Storage and handling New sub clause for storage and handling requirements for

windscreens

5 Visual and optical requirements New clause created for visual and optical requirements in

order to separate them from functional requirements

5.1.2 Visual inspection procedure for appearance New sub clause with precise instructions for the inspection of

defects windscreens

5.1.3 Definition and classification of defects New criteria for defining defects and their tolerances

5.1.4 Defect acceptance criteria The notion of negligible, minor and major defects has been

replaced by the number of acceptable defects on a given
surface of the windscreen

5.2 Optical characteristics New sub clause assembling all the optical requirements as

well as the related measurement methods. Different
requirements for urban rail have been introduced
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
Clause/subclause/table/figure Change

6 Mechanical characteristics New clause assembling all the mechanical requirements for

windscreens. The clause has been editorially rearranged with
regards to the previous version

6.1.1 Impact test requirements Separate new requirements for the testing of high speed

trains. Temperature ranges for the test have been introduced.
The notion of testing at different angles (e.g 90° or at
installation angle) has been introduced

6.1.4 Impact test procedure The test procedure is now described in detail. Notably The

notion of testing at different angles (e.g 90° or at installation
angle) has been introduced
6.2 Residual visibility New requirement and associated test

6.4 Resistance to repeated impact from small Editorial rearrangement of the sub clause and introduction of

particles (gravelling) more precise test methods
6.5 Bullet resistance New requirement and associated test
7 Performance in service New clause assembling several requirements for heating
systems, for the resistance against ageing, the accelerated
weathering test, thermal cycling, etc. All the sub clauses have
been editorial reworked and more precise test methods have
been introduced

Annex A – Determination of windscreen angles New annex introduced to help the user determine the type of

the windscreen (e.g driver's windscreen, lateral windscreen,
etc)

Annex B – Transmittance calculation for inclined New annex explaining the calculation method for light

windscreens transmittance of windscreens at installation angle

Annex C – Windscreen test sample mounting New annex giving precise instructions for the installation of

test samples. The set up applies to impact and gravelling
tests

Annex D – Impact test projectile New, more precise criteria for the impact test projectile,

based on actual examples

Annex E – Gravelling test projectile New annex for the precise description of the gravelling test

projectile
Annex F – Test samples New annex with precise requirements for test samples used
in different tests throughout the document

Annex G – Summary of testing requirements Editorial rearrangement of the annex in order to take into

account all the changes made to the document
Annex ZA – Relationship between this European New Annex ZA
Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU
Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the functional requirements for rail vehicle windscreens, including type

testing, routine testing and inspection methods for high speed rail, heavy rail, light rail and metro

applications.
This document is also applicable for tram vehicles.

For on-track machines (OTMs) when in transport mode (self-propelled or hauled) the requirements of

this standard are applicable. OTMs in working configuration are outside the scope of this document.

Determination of the size, shape, orientation and position of windscreens is outside the scope of this

document. These data form part of the windscreen technical specification.

This document applies to windscreens made of laminated glass, which is the most commonly used

material but also to other materials, subject to the performance requirements being satisfied.

This document does not specify requirements for the interfaces between the windscreen and the

vehicle. Accordingly this document does not address issues relating to: installation, structural integrity

and crashworthiness.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 755-2:2016, Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles - Part 2:

Mechanical properties

EN 1063:1999, Glass in building - Security glazing - Testing and classification of resistance against bullet

attack

EN 2155-9, Aerospace series - Test method for transparent materials for aircraft glazing - Part 9 :

Determination of haze

EN 45545-2, Railway applications — Fire protection on railway vehicles – Part 2: Requirements for fire

behaviour of materials and components
EN 50155, Railway applications — Rolling stock — Electronic equipment

EN ISO 4892-3, Plastics - Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources - Part 3: Fluorescent UV lamps

(ISO 4892-3)

EN ISO 11664-1 (CIE S 014-1), Colorimetry — Part 1: CIE standard colorimetric observers (ISO 11664-1)

EN ISO 11664-2 (CIE, S 014-2), Colorimetry — Part 2: CIE standard illuminants (ISO 11664-2)

EN ISO 11664-3 (CIE, S 014-3), Colorimetry — Part 3: CIE tristimulus values (ISO 11664-3)

ISO 48, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of hardness (hardness between 10 IRHD

and 100 IRHD)
ISO 3537, Road vehicles — Safety glazing materials — Mechanical tests

ISO 3538:1997, Road vehicles — Safety glazing materials — Test methods for optical properties

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)

ISO 6362-2:2014, Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rods/bars, tubes and profiles —

Part 2: Mechanical properties
CIE 15:2004, Colorimetry, 3rd Edition

CIE 38:1977, Radiometric and photometric characteristics of materials and their measurement

CIE S 004, Colours of Light Signals
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp

Note 1 to entry: Figure 1 shows examples of the different types of windscreen, bodyside windows and external

glazing.
3.1
glazing
glass or equivalent transparent material
3.2
windscreen

glazing in front of a driver or passengers through which the track ahead can be observed

3.2.1
driver's windscreen
windscreen used by a driver in service to observe the track and signals
3.2.2
side windscreen

additional glazing positioned at the side of a windscreen that is predominately positioned transversely

to the running direction
3.2.3
passenger windscreen
windscreen primarily for passenger use in the leading ends of rail vehicles

Can be obtained from: International Commission of Illumination, CIE Central Bureau, Kegelgasse 27, A-1030

Wien.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
a) light rail b) heavy rail
Key
1 driver's windscreen (3.2.1)
2 side windscreen (3.2.2)
3 bodyside window
4 external glazing (for example covers for lights, information displays)
Figure 1 — Windscreen, window and glazing definitions
3.3
primary vision area

area of the windscreen through which track and signals are visible from the driving position

Note 1 to entry: Defined as “vision area A” by EN 16186-1.
3.4
secondary vision area

area of the windscreen outside the primary vision area, through which the driver can also look from the

driving position
Note 1 to entry: Defined as “vision area B” by EN 16186-1.
3.5
peripheral area
area of the windscreen outside the secondary vision area
Note 1 to entry: The peripheral area includes any screen-printed areas.
3.6
secondary image separation

angular separation between the primary and the brightest secondary images (due to internal reflection)

of a distant light source or object when viewed through glazing
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
3.7
ultra-violet radiation
electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength shorter than that of visible light

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, wavelength is between 200 nm and 380 nm.

3.8
spall

small glass particles which detach from the face of a window pane when it is subjected to impact on the

opposite side

Note 1 to entry: Spalling in this document describes the detachment of spall from the inside face of a

windscreen or window, when the outer face is subjected to impact.
3.9
hot-spot

highly localised area where the temperature deviates significantly from the area surrounding it

3.10
heavy rail

general purpose rail transport system for passengers and freight, for local, regional, long distance or

international traffic, accessible to all types of rail vehicles, subject to operational requirements

Note 1 to entry: Heavy rail passenger vehicles are generally structural categories P-I or P-II (in accordance with

EN 12663-1) and crashworthiness category C-I (in accordance with EN 15227).
Note 2 to entry: Does not include metro, light rail or tramway systems
3.11
light rail

urban and/or suburban rail transport system (excluding metros), typically only for passengers

Note 1 to entry: Light rail vehicles are generally structural categories P-III, P-IV or P-V (in accordance with

EN 12663-1) and crashworthiness categories C-III or C-IV (in accordance with EN 15227).

Note 2 to entry: Light rail systems typically have their own right of way or share it with road traffic and usually

do not exchange vehicles with long-distance passenger or freight traffic.
3.12
metro

high-capacity public transport system generally found in urban areas, operated on a dedicated railway

infrastructure

Note 1 to entry: Metro vehicles are generally structural categories P-III or P-IV (in accordance with

EN 12663-1) and crashworthiness category C-II (in accordance with EN 15227).

Note 2 to entry: Metro systems typically have their own right of way with no level crossings and no interface

with road traffic and usually do not exchange vehicles with long-distance passenger or freight traffic.

---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 15152:2019
EN 15152:2019 (E)
3.13
tramway

rail system exclusively or predominately for passengers, which typically operates in areas accessible to

the public and road traffic and where the speed of the vehicles is limited to enable the driver to stop

within the distance they can see to be clear ahead

Note 1 to entry: Tramway vehicles are generally structural categories P-IV or P-V (in accordance with

EN 12663-1) and crashworthiness category C-IV (in accordance with EN 15227).
3.14
technical specification

document describing specific parameters and/or product requirements as an addition to the

requirements of this standard
3.15
inspector

person with evidence of training, professional knowledge, skill and experience to enable the required

inspection(s) to be performed
3.16
seat reference point
SRP

reference point at the back pan of a new seat design with a horizontal distance of 135 mm and vertical

distance of 98 mm from the H point according to ISO 20176:2011
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2 of EN 16186-1:2014+A1:2018.
[SOURCE, EN 1618
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.