This document specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, arising due to the adaptation for their use on railway networks and urban rail networks. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
This document deals with the common hazards during assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling on and off track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this document. They can be subject to negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
a)   excavation;
b)   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
c)   track construction, renewal, maintenance and repair;
d)   lifting;
e)   overhead contact line system renewal / maintenance;
f)   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
g)   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
h)   working in tunnels;
i)   shunting;
j)   vegetation control;
k)   emergency rescue and recovery;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this document.
This document does not deal with:
1)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
2)   machines that utilize the contact line system for traction purposes;
3)   specific requirements established by a railway Infrastructure Manager or Urban Rail Manager;
4)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
5)   requirements for use and travel of the machine on public highway;
6)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;
7)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar); see 5.30;
8)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
9)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
Other special machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex E.

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This document specifies crashworthiness requirements applicable to new designs of:
- locomotives;
- driving vehicles operating in passenger and freight trains;
- passenger rail vehicles operating in passenger trains (such as trams, metros, mainline trains).
This document identifies common methods of providing passive safety that can be adapted to suit individual vehicle requirements.
This document specifies the characteristics of reference obstacle models for use with the design collision scenarios.
This document also specifies the requirements and methods for demonstrating that the passive safety objectives have been achieved by comparison with existing proven designs, numerical simulation, component or full-size tests, or a combination of all these methods.

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This document is applicable to relay valves designated to control the brake cylinder pressure of compressed air brakes fitted to railway vehicles, in association with an air brake distributor valve or other control device. It covers one stage relay valves and relay valves adjusting the brake cylinder pressure in response to a change in vehicle speed or load that is either continuously variable or in two or more stages, i.e. empty – loaded.
Relay valves operating with other pressures, in particular the brake pipe pressure, are not included.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, manufacture and testing of relay valves.

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This document presents the stage of knowledge resulting from the Euraxles project about the design of the axle, and further steps to be taken.
It is the support:
- to define the loads to be taken into account;
- to describe the stress calculation method using finite elements and the validation processes associated;
- to specify the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations and the safety factors to be used.
This technical report is applicable for:
- wheelset Axles defined in EN 13261 as "pure wheelset";
- other axle designs such as those encountered in particular rolling stocks e.g. with independent wheels, variable gauges, urban rail...
This document has not for aim to replace EN 13103-1 and CEN/TS 13103-2 but to present a complementary method to the existing ones.

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This document describes the measurement of the toxicity potential of the products of combustion based on two test methods:
- Method 1: EN ISO 5659-2 Smoke chamber area-based test with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) gas analysis techniques;
- Method 2: NF X70-100-2 Tubular furnace small mass-based test.
NOTE 1 This document also specifies test equipment and set out the calculation procedures for evaluation of toxicity data.
NOTE 2 This document can be used in addition to others for the determination of toxic gases from devices installed in tunnel.

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This document is applicable to testing of rails installed in track for detecting rail surface cracks. This document applies to testing equipment in inspection-trains or reprofiling machines and manual systems. This document specifies the requirement for testing principles and systems in order to produce comparable results in respect to the location and the characteristic of surface cracks. This document is not aiming to give any guidelines for managing the result of eddy current rail testing. This document does not define the requirements for vehicle acceptance. This document is not concerned with production testing of rails in a production plant. This document applies only to rail profiles meeting the requirements of EN 13674-1.

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This document specifies the characteristics of the Passenger Alarm System (PAS) for Urban Rail.
This document covers the PAS fitted to the passenger carrying Urban Rail rolling stock and specifies:
- the safety related requirements;
- the functional requirements of PAS triggered by passengers;
- the requirements for the communication channel between passengers and the driver or Operations Control Centre (OCC);
- the requirements for the functional behaviour of the PAS;
- the requirements for the degraded modes management;
- the requirements for the Passenger Alarm Device (PAD) and PAD area.
This document is applicable to the categories I to III of Urban Rail rolling stock defined in CEN/CLC Guide 26:
- (I) metros;
- (II) trams;
- (III) light rail.
NOTE 1   CEN/CLC Guide 26 defines Metro, Tram and Light Rail as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
NOTE 2   The PAS function on existing vehicles may require modification to work in conjunction with vehicles that comply with this document.
NOTE 3   This document covers urban rail rolling stock, both with or without a driver.
NOTE 4   For rolling stock devoted to suburban passenger services, this document applies when the TSIs do not apply.

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This part of the EN 13230 series defines additional technical criteria and control procedures as well as specific tolerance limits related to manufacturing and testing prestressed bearers for switches and crossings with a maximum length of 8,5 m.
Bearers longer than 8,5 m are considered as special elements and will comply with FprEN 13230 5:2015.

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This European Standard defines the functional and technical requirements for exterior visible warning devices for urban rail vehicles as defined in the CEN-CENELEC Guide 26, i.e. metro systems, trams, light rail, and local rail systems.
This European Standard also defines the requirements for testing and conformity assessment.
NOTE The requirements for exterior visible warning devices for heavy rail vehicles are found in EN 15153–1.
The decision was taken by simple majority with 14 positive vote(s), 0 negative vote(s) and 9 abstention(s).

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This technical report is applicable to tram vehicles according to EN 17343. Tram-Train vehicles, on track machines, infrastructure inspection vehicles and road-rail machines according to EN 17343 and demountable machines/machinery are not in the scope of this
technical report.
This technical report describes passive safety measures to reduce the consequences of collisions with pedestrians. These measures provide the last means of protection when all other possibilities of preventing an accident have failed, i.e.
- Design recommendations for the vehicle front to minimize the impact effect on a pedestrian when hit,
- Design recommendations for the vehicle front end for side (lateral) deflections in order to minimize the risk of being drawn under the vehicle on flat ground (embedded track),
- Design recommendations for the vehicle body underframe to not aggravate injuries to a pedestrian/body lying on the ground,
- Recommendations to prevent the pedestrian from being over-run by the leading wheels of the vehicle.
The following measures to actively improve safety are not in the scope of this technical report:
- Colour of front;
- Additional position lights;
- Additional cameras;
- Driver assistance systems;
- Additional acoustic warning devices, etc.;
- View of the driver / mirrors;
- Consequences for pedestrian injuries due to secondary impact with infrastructure (side posts, concrete ground, poles, trees, etc.).
The recommendations of this technical report only apply to new vehicles.

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This document defines warning horn requirements that deliver the required audibility of approaching heavy rail vehicles. The requirements of this document do not apply to urban rail systems.
NOTE 1   The requirements for exterior audible warning devices for urban rail vehicles are found in EN 15153 4.
In the case of shunting heavy rail vehicle formations, the requirements of this document do not apply to the pushed vehicle(s).
For this purpose, the following requirements are included:
-   functional and technical requirements of the warning horn as a component,
-   functional and technical requirements of the integration of warning horns into the vehicle, and
-   test requirements.
Operational requirements and maintenance requirements for warning horns are excluded.
NOTE 2   The requirements for the control of warning horns can be found in EN 16186 2.

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This document defines the functional and technical requirements for head, marker and tail lamps for heavy rail units, excluding road, metro and self-contained systems.
This document also defines the requirements for testing and conformity assessment.
Lamps designed for special purposes, for example illumination of third rail, are excluded from the scope of this document.
Portable lamps are excluded from the scope of this document.

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This document defines the functional and technical requirements for exterior audible warning devices for urban rail vehicles as defined in the CEN-CENELEC Guide 26, i.e. metro systems, trams, light rail, and local rail systems.
This document also defines the requirements for testing and conformity assessment.
NOTE    The requirements for exterior audible warning devices for heavy rail vehicles are found in EN 15153 2:2020.

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This European Standard specifies test methods and acceptance criteria for a brake system for use in self propelling thermal and electric trains, in the following document called EMU/DMU, operating on routes of the European conventional rail system network.
This European Standard is applicable to:
-   all new vehicles designs of self-propelling thermal and electric trains;
-   all major overhauls of the EMU/DMU if they involve redesigning or extensive alteration to the brake system of the vehicle concerned.
This European Standard does not cover:
-   locomotive hauled trains which are specified by EN 14198;
-   mass transit rolling stock which is specified by EN 13452 (all parts);
-   high speed trains being operated at speeds greater than 200 km/h which are specified by EN 15734-1 and tests in EN 15734-2.
The functional testing requirements set out in this European Standard assume the vehicles are fitted with brake system architecture as defined in prEN 16185 1.
The braking performance obtained by applying the tests defined in this European Standard can be used to assess compliance with the required braking performance as defined in prEN 16185-1.

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This European Standard specifies the functionality, position, constraints and control of a magnetic track brake system (MTB system) installed in bogies for use in emergency braking and in low adhesion conditions on Mainline Trains up to speeds of 280 km/h. It covers high suspension types of MTB only and not high/low and low suspension type of MTB.
This document also contains test methods and acceptance criteria for an MTB system. It identifies interfaces with electrical equipment, bogie, track and other brake systems.
On the basis of the existing international and national standards, additional requirements are defined for:
-   conditions of application for the MTB system;
-   retardation and brake forces;
-   functional and design features;
-   strength requirements;
-   type, series and vehicle implementation tests.
For design and calculation a "reference surface" is established.

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This document applies to passenger body side entrance systems of all newly designed railway vehicles such as tram, metro, suburban, mainline and high-speed trains that carry passengers. The requirements of this document also apply to existing vehicles undergoing refurbishment of the door equipment, as far as it is reasonably practicable.
This document also specifies the requirements for testing of entrance systems.
This document makes reference to manual and power operated entrance systems. For manual doors, clauses referring to power operation are not applicable.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   entrance systems for equipment access, inspection or maintenance purposes and for crew only use;
-   doors on freight wagons; and
-   doors or hatches specifically provided for escape under emergency conditions.

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This document contains performance requirements and recommendations for electrical lighting systems in the interiors of public transport urban rail vehicles, as defined in the CEN-CENELEC Guide 26, i.e. metro systems, trams, light rail, and local rail systems, under all operating and emergency conditions.
This document applies only to new units.
The application of this document for retro-fitting of existing units is subject to agreement between Contractors.
This document also defines the requirements for testing and conformity assessment.
This document does not address lighting installed in instruments or controls.
This document does not address lighting installed for indication or effect purposes, including flashing lights and decorative lighting.
NOTE 1   The requirements for interior lighting for heavy rail vehicles can be found in EN 13272-1.
NOTE 2   The requirements for cab instrument lighting for heavy rail vehicles can be found in EN 16186-2.

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This document contains performance requirements and recommendations for electrical lighting systems in the interiors of public transport heavy rail units, under all operating and emergency conditions.
This document applies only to new units.
The application of this document for retro-fitting of existing units is subject to agreement between Contractors.
This document also defines the requirements for testing and conformity assessment.
This document does not address lighting installed in instruments or controls.
This document does not address the requirements of lighting of boarding aids, e.g. moving entrance stairs or lifts.
This document does not address lighting installed for indication or effect purposes, including flashing lights and decorative lighting.
NOTE 1   The requirements for interior lighting for urban rail units can be found in EN 13272-2.
NOTE 2    The requirements for cab instrument lighting for heavy rail units can be found in EN 16186-2.

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This document specifies switch and crossing rails that carry railway wheels. These are used in conjunction with Vignole railway rails.
This document is not applicable for the check rails that do not carry railway wheels.
Nine pearlitic steel grades are specified covering a hardness range of 200 HBW to 410 HBW and include non-heat treated non-alloy steels, non-heat treated alloy steels, heat treated non-alloy steels, heat treated low alloy steels and heat treated alloy steels.
There are 33 rail profiles specified in this standard, but they may not all be available in all steel grades.
Rails specified in EN 13674-1 can also be used as switch and crossing rails and if so used they will comply with the requirements of EN 13674-1.

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The purpose of this document is to analyse the conducted investigation and evaluation of lateral displacement and buffer overlap between each two specified vehicles of different train sets for defined running cases in curves.
For this purpose, the types of vehicles defining the train sets and different operating conditions are specified. Position of the vehicles on the track at the moment of maximum lateral displacement (minimum buffer overlap) is recorded during the calculation.
The worst cases of lateral displacement and buffer overlap between two coupled vehicles as well as relation to formulae in EN 15551:2009 are analysed.

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This document specifies the functional requirements for rail vehicle windscreens, including type testing, routine testing and inspection methods for high speed rail, heavy rail, light rail and metro applications.
This document is also applicable for tram vehicles.
For on-track machines (OTMs) when in transport mode (self-propelled or hauled) the requirements of this standard are applicable. OTMs in working configuration are outside the scope of this document.
Determination of the size, shape, orientation and position of windscreens is outside the scope of this document. These data form part of the windscreen technical specification.
This document applies to windscreens made of laminated glass, which is the most commonly used material but also to other materials, subject to the performance requirements being satisfied.
This document does not specify requirements for the interfaces between the windscreen and the vehicle. Accordingly this document does not address issues relating to: installation, structural integrity and crashworthiness.

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This European Standard specifies the interface requirements for controlled emission toilet equipment on railway vehicles and the infrastructure, including catering area sink waste retention tanks. Vehicle and infrastructure specific requirements are also given.
The European Standard includes fixed and portable infrastructure equipment used to empty retention tanks, but excludes equipment fitted to railway vehicles where no fixed connections are used between vehicle and infrastructure.

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This document gives design rules and requirements in order to ensure proper access, lighting, seating and exit of the driver’s cab. The different dimensions are based on the anthropometric data defined in EN 16186-1. The corresponding assessment methods are also included in this standard. It covers the following aspects:
-   dimension and interior layout;
-   door access, steps, floor characteristics;
-   seats dimension and clearance;
-   interior cab lighting;
-   emergency exit;
-   marking and labelling.
This part of the EN 16186 series applies to driver’s cabs of Electrical Multiple Unit (EMU), Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU), Railcars, Locomotives and Driving trailers (Driving Coaches).
NOTE 1   This European Standard applies to rolling stock in the scope of Directive 2008/57/EC [6].
This part of the EN 16186 series applies to driver's desks installed on the left, on the right, or in a central position in the driver’s cab. Due to cab space and resulting desk integration constraints, desk layout can vary.
NOTE 2   Due to railway systems constraints, the level of comfort and accessibility provided to the persons outside the anthropometric range defined in EN 16186-1 may vary. Usually the operators manage the potential restrictions, if the driver uses the full range of seat positions (as defined in this standard) combined with extreme body dimensions (as defined in EN 16186-1).
This document is not intended to be applicable for OTMs, tramways, metro and light rail vehicles.
NOTE 3   For OTMs, see EN 14033-1 [11] and EN 15746-1 [17].

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This document applies to distributor valves and distributor-isolating devices.
The distributor valves contained in this document are of graduable release type. Direct release types are not included.
Functionally they are regarded as not containing relay valves of any type, even if the relay valves are physically an integral part of the distributor valves.
This document applies to both distributor-isolating devices mounted separate from the distributor valve and distributor-isolating devices integral with the distributor valve.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, testing and quality assurance of distributor valves and distributor-isolating devices.
The distributor valve and distributor-isolating device are intended to be part of a brake system mounted in a vehicle with maximum length of 31 m and maximum brake pipe volume of 25 l taking into consideration brake pipe inner diameters between 25 mm and 32 mm.

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This document is related to EN 15654-1, Railway applications - Measurement of vertical forces on wheels and wheelsets - Part 1: On-track measurement sites for vehicles in service, which lays down minimum technical requirements and the metrological characteristics of a system for measuring and evaluating a range of vehicle loading parameters during operation in service.
The aim of this document is to describe approval and verification procedures to validate the functional and metrological characteristics of measurement systems and confirm them over time.
The goal is to obtain the comparability and reproducibility of measurement results under different boundary conditions. To minimize the number of tests, the approval and verification procedures are divided into:
-   type approval,
-   initial verification,
-   in-service verification.
The accuracy class of a measurement system depends on the measurement device, vehicle and track characteristics. Test procedures covering these influences are described to ensure reproducibility in all networks.
The procedures described in this document do not impose any restrictions on the design of measurement sites, on the types of vehicles that can be monitored, or on which networks or lines the measuring system can be installed.
The annexes include examples for test procedures, calculation of maximum permissible errors and statistical test methods.

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1.1   This document specifies a direct measurement method for characterizing the surface roughness of the rail and wheel associated with rolling noise ("acoustic roughness"), in the form of a one-third octave band spectrum.
This document describes a method for:
a)   selecting measuring positions along a track or selecting wheels of a vehicle;
b)   selecting lateral positions for measurements;
c)   the data acquisition procedure;
d)   measurement data processing in order to estimate a set of one-third octave band roughness spectra;
e)   presentation of this estimate for comparison with limits of acoustic roughness;
f)   comparison with a given upper limit in terms of a one-third octave band wavelength spectrum;
g)   the measuring system requirements.
1.2   It is applicable to the:
a)   compliance testing of reference track sections in relation to the acceptance test for noise emitted by railway vehicles;
b)   performance testing of track sections in relation to noise emitted by railway vehicles;
c)   acceptance of the running surface condition only in the case where the acoustic roughness is the acceptance criterion;
d)   assessment of the wheel surface condition as an input for the acoustic acceptance of brake blocks;
e)   assessment of the wheel and rail roughness as input to the calculation of combined wheel rail roughness;
f)   diagnosis of wheel-rail noise issues for specific tracks or wheels;
g)   assessment of the wheel and rail roughness as input to rolling noise modelling;
h)   assessment of the wheel and rail roughness as input to noise source separation methods.
1.3   It is not applicable to the:
a)   measurement of roughness (rail roughness, wheel roughness or combined roughness) using an indirect method;
b)   analysis of the effect of wheel-rail interaction, such as a “contact filter”;
c)   approval of rail and wheel reprofiling, including rail grinding operations, except for those where the acoustic roughness is specifically the approval criterion (and not the grinding quality criteria as provided in e.g. EN 13231-3);
d)   characterization of track and wheel geometry except where associated with noise generation.

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This document defines a harmonized way to assess the braking performance by test of locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons and self-propelled passenger trains (EMU/DMU).
The document sets out the standardized method for undertaking brake performance tests and the correction factors to be applied to the data obtained for all types of rolling stock.
This document also defines the methods to assess the brake performance in terms of stopping distance, and from this the process to determine vehicle(s) deceleration and braked weight.
It then deals with conversion of the braked weight to the braked weight percentage of a vehicle or train for operating purposes. It also sets out additional factors when determining the braked weight percentage of a train calculated from specified braked weight, depending on the formation of the train.
In Annex D there is a method for determining brake performance of freight wagons fitted with P10 cast iron or LL-blocks using limited testing (force measurement).

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This document applies to the measurement of vertical wheel forces of railway vehicles in maintenance workshops and at manufacturing sites. It also deals with derived quantities that are used to describe the vehicle’s vertical wheel force distribution.
The document defines the assessment and acceptance criteria for the measurement process. The requirements for this assessment support the specification, the design and the operation of the measurement process. It is considered that the measurements are made either statically or quasi-statically. This document is applicable to all railway vehicles.
The commercial weighing of vehicles is not covered by the scope of this document, nor does it define in which cases the wheel forces of a vehicle will be measured.

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This document defines the interfaces and gives guidance for the design of systems and procedures for change of track gauge. It defines also their assessment for technical approval, for the automatic variable-gauge systems.
The document is focused on the change of track gauge among the following nominal track gauges: 1 435 mm, 1 520 mm, 1 524 mm, 1 600 mm and 1 668 mm.
This document is not limited to the aforementioned nominal track gauges but the interfaces to change to/from other nominal track gauges can be different. The established assessment procedures can be used as well.

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This document specifies flat bottom Vignole railway rails from 27 kg/m to, but excluding 46 kg/m.
Eight pearlitic steel grades are specified covering a rail hardness range of 200 HBW to 440 HBW and include non-heat-treated non-alloy steels, non-heat-treated alloy steels, heat-treated non-alloy steels and heat-treated alloy steels.
There are 15 rail profiles specified in this document, but these may not be available in all steel grades.

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This document gives definitions for the principal track geometry parameters and specifies minimum requirements for measurement and the analysis methods. The aim is to allow the comparability of the output of different measuring systems.
This document does not apply to Urban Rail Systems.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for securing payload to ensure safe operation of freight wagons, utilizing a train speed of up to 120 km/h. It is serving as a basis for the design and implementation of payload securing methods.
Additional requirements in the case of wagons designed for the transport of special payload and/or with integrated load security (e.g. tank wagons, hopper wagons, car carriers, coil carriers and wagons for intermodal transport) are not part of this document.

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This document applies to brake block holders and brake block keys included in brake rigging installed on railway vehicles.
Brake block holders and brake block keys made of non-ferrous materials are not within the scope of this document.
This document contains requirements for design and evaluation testing of conformity.
The requirements contained in this document apply to the brake block holders and brake block keys fitted on railway vehicles with brake blocks whose dimensions are in accordance with the requirements given in EN 16452.

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This document specifies requirements for grooved rails and associated construction rail profiles for grooved rail facilities with a linear mass of 42 kg/m and upwards for use in tram transport systems.
NOTE   Grooved rails are also used for harbour and industrial tracks.
Five pearlitic steel grades are specified in a hardness range between 200 HBW and 390 HBW. The rails are either non-heat-treated or heat-treated and are made from non-alloyed (C-Mn) steel in both cases.
This document specifies 26 specific grooved rail profiles and 7 specific construction rail profiles. The grooved rail profiles can also be used as construction elements in switches and crossings.
Two grooved rail classes are specified differing in requirements for profile tolerances.

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This document defines requirements for the content on maintenance records on railway vehicles and guidance to help the parties involved in the maintenance process to fulfil their responsibilities, especially to:
-   document that maintenance has been ordered properly;
-   document that maintenance has been delivered according to the maintenance order.
The following are out of the scope of this document:
-   managing documentation required to schedule and carry out maintenance (e.g. trigger events for planned maintenance or fault notices reported by train crew);
-   managing fault notices generated by trainborne diagnostic systems;
-   managing documentation related to the interaction between railway undertakings and ECM (e.g. return to operation).

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This document gives guidelines for the calculation of vehicle stopping distances when testing a WSP system using the methods specified in EN 15595, the standard for Wheel Slide Protection, under the conditions defined in that standard.
This document is only applicable to the calculation of stopping distances for the evaluation of the results of WSP tests carried out in accordance with EN 15595.
This document does not apply to calculations used to determine the stopping performance of a WSP equipped train under operational conditions as it is only applicable for specific WSP test conditions.

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This European Standard gives the requirements for the design, dimensions, performance, and testing of a brake block (otherwise known as brake shoe insert) that acts on the wheel tread as part of a tread brake system. This European Standard does not cover cast iron brake block requirements.
This European Standard is applicable to brake blocks of either "K", "L", or "LL" friction level designed to be fitted to tread braked rail vehicles.
This European Standard contains the requirements for interfacing the brake block with the rail vehicle, the testing procedures in order to confirm that it satisfies the basic safety and technical interchangeability requirements, the material control procedures to ensure product quality, reliability and conformity and considers health and environmental needs.

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This document specifies requirements for the design and dimensions of the brake disc.
This document applies to discs pressed or shrunk onto the axle or drive shaft of railway rolling stock by a cylindrical or conic tapered interference fit.
This document applies to discs having one or more disc brake rings, each having two axially separated friction faces.

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This document specifies requirements for the design and dimensions of the brake disc.
This document applies to brake discs mounted onto the wheel, including the wheel web or wheel hub of railway rolling stock.
This document applies to discs having one or more disc brake rings, each having two axially separated friction faces.

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This document defines the meaning of the common terms in use in the field of railway rolling stock maintenance.
Unless otherwise specified in this document, the terms of EN 13306 will be applied.

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This document presents the technical basis for the loading conditions (the load magnitude, the load angle and the position of load application) to be used when performing the repeated load tests described by EN 13146-4. This basis consists of measurements made in-track, theoretical analysis and experience of using the previous versions of the EN 13481 series. Statistical variations in the applied loads and their influence on safety factors are also considered.

  • Technical report
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This document specifies the laboratory test procedure to determine:
a) the maximum longitudinal force that can be applied to a rail, secured to a sleeper, bearer or element of slab track by a rail fastening assembly, without non-elastic displacement of the rail occurring, or the longitudinal stiffness at a specified longitudinal displacement of a specimen of embedded rail with an adhesive fastening system, and, for any type of fastening,
b) the shear displacement and slip data required for track-bridge interaction calculations.

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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of railbound construction and maintenance machines - henceforward referred to as machines, intended for use on urban rail systems. These hazards can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
The requirements in this standard amend those in EN 14033-1 to −3 as required for the use of the machine on urban rail systems. Where a machine is designed and intended for use on mainline and urban rail systems, compliance with the most onerous conditions of EN 14033-1 to −3 and EN 14033-4 will be required.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   machines moving and working whilst not on rails;
-   specific requirements established by the machine owner and/or operating company for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Urban Rail Manager.
This document does not establish additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. in tunnels or cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards that may occur when a machine is used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex B.
1.2   Scope of urban rail systems
Urban rail systems cover Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and might include other rail systems excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b))1.
Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover metro, tram and light rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of urban rail systems include:
-   (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
-   (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
-   (III) Light Rail: Light Rail is defined as a UGT system operated in parts of the system not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, and in parts of the system with segregated right-of-way. The segregation may include some sections of line where inadvertent access is not possible.
-   (IV) Local rail systems which by national decision complying with Article 1 (3) a) or b) of Directive 2008/57/EC may be excluded from the European Community Rail System.

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This document specifies the laboratory test procedure for determining the clamping force exerted by the fastening system on the foot of the rail by measuring the force to separate the rail foot from its immediate support. When required, the procedure is also used to determine the uplift stiffness of the fastening system. It is applicable to systems with and without baseplates on all types of sleepers, bearers or elements of slab track. The test does not determine the security of the fastening components fixed into the sleeper or other fastening system support.
This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly. It is not applicable to fastening systems for embedded rail or other fastening systems that do not act on the foot of the rail.

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This document defines the requirements for qualification of the personnel who plan, carry out and supervise non-destructive testing in industrial sector - Railway maintenance infrastructure, on rails in switches, crossings and plain track.
Safety of staff working on or near the railway track is part of the infrastructure manager safety management system and is not part of this standard.
This document applies only to rail profiles meeting the requirements of EN 13674 1 and EN 13674 2.

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This European Standard defines a set of reference masses for specifying the requirements for the design, testing, acceptance, marking, delivery and operation of rail vehicles.
The reference masses defined in this document are as follows:
-   dead mass;
-   design mass in working order;
-   design mass under normal payload;
-   design mass under exceptional payload;
-   operational mass in working order;
-   operational mass under normal payload.
These reference masses are defined with respect to the whole vehicle, but they can also apply to a specific system or component.
The specification of values for tolerances applicable to reference masses is not in the scope of this standard. Tolerances can be required by an application standard.
Additional loadings due to environmental factors, for example snow and retained or absorbed rainwater, are not in the scope of this European Standard.

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This document describes the measurement of the toxicity potential of the products of combustion based on two test methods:
- Method 1: EN ISO 5659-2 Smoke chamber area-based test with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) gas analysis techniques;
- Method 2: NF X70-100-2 Tubular furnace small mass-based test.
NOTE 1 This document also specifies test equipment and set out the calculation procedures for evaluation of toxicity data.
NOTE 2 This document can be used in addition to others for the determination of toxic gases from devices installed in tunnel.

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This document describes the methodology and the elements to be considered for the creation and modification of a vehicle maintenance plan, up to the validation. This document describes general requirements (list of input data, structure and content) of a maintenance plan.
For the creation and modification of a maintenance plan, this document lists:
-   preparation and selection of documents and input data;
-   analysis of input data and development of the maintenance plan up to its validation;
-   process to be followed to create a maintenance plan
-   reasons to check a current maintenance plan;
-   risk assessment and process to be followed to modify the maintenance plan;
-   monitoring conditions (e.g. justification methods, verification, validation, documentation, roles, skills and knowledge).
This document applies only to preventive maintenance.

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This European Standard defines the process for assessment of the running characteristics of railway vehicles for the European network of standard gauge tracks (nominally 1 435 mm).
In addition to the assessment of the running characteristics of vehicles for acceptance processes, this standard also defines quantities and dependencies that are not directly used for acceptance purposes. This information is for example intended for the validation of simulation models. It can also be used to define operating conditions outside the reference conditions to be used for the approval.
The assessment of running characteristics applies to vehicles which:
-   are newly developed;
-   have had relevant design modifications; or
-   have changes in their operating conditions.
The assessment process is based on specified target test conditions (see 3.1) given in this document.
Experience over many years has demonstrated that vehicles complying with this standard can be operated safely on infrastructure with conditions more severe than the target test conditions, if the current general operating rules are applied. As an example it is generally current practice to restrict cant deficiency in curves below a certain radius. It may be necessary to adapt these operating rules, if a deterioration of the infrastructure conditions is observed. These operating rules are defined on a national basis. The procedure to evaluate these operating rules is out of the scope of this standard.
NOTE 1   There are margins included in the specified limit values and the statistical evaluation. They cannot be quantified, but they explain why vehicles can also be operated at full speed and cant deficiency in many cases outside of the target test conditions.
This standard also enables the demonstration of compliance against the target test conditions for the case that their combination is not achievable during tests. It is also possible to carry out the assessment of a vehicle for limited test conditions such as test zones 1 and 2 or reduced speed or reduced cant deficiency. In this case the approval of the vehicle shall be restricted accordingly.
NOTE 2   National regulations sometimes allow the increase or decrease of the values for speed, curve radius and cant deficiency for local operation based on safety considerations taking into account the local characteristics of the infrastructure (track layout, track structure, track geometrical quality and contact conditions). These local characteristics can be different from those included in the assessment for the vehicle acceptance.
NOTE 3   The methods of this standard can also be applied to gather information about the compatibility between the vehicle and infrastructure with conditions more severe than the target test conditions. The results of such investigations can be used to determine safe operating rules for such infrastructure conditions.
Where testing the vehicle demonstrates that the performance of a vehicle complies with the requirements of this standard when operating at maximum speed and maximum cant deficiency under infrastructure conditions that are more severe than the target test conditions, the obtained results are accepted and there is no need to carry out additional tests to fulfil the requirements defined in this standard.
This standard addresses four aspects:
1)   Vehicles
The assessment of the running characteristics applies principally to all railway vehicles. The document contains acceptance criteria for all types of vehicles with nominal static vertical wheelset forces up to 225 kN (of the highest loaded wheelset of the vehicle in the assessed load configuration specified in 5.3.2). In addition for freight vehicles with nominal static vertical wheelset forces up to 250 kN the acceptance criteria are defined. The acceptance criteria given in this document apply to vehicles designed to operate on standard gauge tracks.

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This European Standard deals with requirements, test procedures and conformity assessment for aerodynamics on open track. Addressed within this standard are the topics of aerodynamic loadings and resistance to motion, while the topic of cross wind assessment is addressed by EN 14067-6.
This European Standard refers to rolling stock and infrastructure issues. This standard does not apply to freight wagons. It applies to railway operation on gauges GA, GB and GC according to EN 15273. The methodological approach of the presented test procedures may be adapted to different gauges.

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