Small craft - Fire protection (ISO 9094:2015)

ISO 9094:2015 defines a practical degree of fire prevention and protection intended to provide enough time for occupants to escape a fire on board small craft.
It applies to all small craft of up to 24 m length of hull (LH) except for personal watercraft.
ISO 9094:2015 excludes:
       the design and installation of those permanently installed galley stoves and heating appliances (including components used to distribute the heat) using fuels that are liquid at atmospheric pressure on small craft, which are covered by ISO 14895;
       carbon monoxide detecting systems, which are covered by ISO 12133.

Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Brandschutz (ISO 9094:2015)

Petits navires - Protection contre l'incendie (ISO 9094:2015)

L'ISO 9094:2015 définit un niveau pratique de prévention et de protection contre l'incendie destiné à donner un temps suffisant aux occupants d'un petit navire pour échapper à un incendie.
Elle s'applique aux bateaux d'une longueur de coque (LH)  inférieure ou égale à 24 m, à l'exception des véhicules nautiques à moteur.
L'ISO 9094:2015 exclut:
       la conception et l'installation des réchauds de cuisine et appareils de chauffage installés à demeure sur les petits navires et utilisant du combustible liquide à la pression atmosphérique, qui sont couverts par l'ISO 14895;
       les systèmes de détection du monoxyde de carbone qui sont couverts par l'ISO 12133.

Mala plovila - Požarna zaščita (ISO 9094:2015)

Ta mednarodni standard določa praktično raven preprečevanja požara in protipožarne zaščite, ki naj bi zagotovila dovolj časa, da uporabniki manjšega plovila ubežijo požaru na krovu.
Uporablja se za vsa mala plovila z dolžino trupa (LH) do 24 m, razen za osebna plovila.
Ta mednarodni standard ne zajema:
– načrtovanja in namestitve na malih plovilih trajno nameščenih kuhalnikov in grelnih naprav (vključno s komponentami za distribucijo toplote) na goriva, ki so pri atmosferskem tlaku v tekočem stanju, obravnavanih v standardu ISO 14895;
– sistemov za zaznavanje ogljikovega monoksida, ki jih zajema standard ISO 12133[3].

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Aug-2017
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
16-Aug-2017
Completion Date
16-Aug-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
01-oktober-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 9094:2016
0DODSORYLOD3RåDUQD]DãþLWD ,62
Small craft - Fire protection (ISO 9094:2015)
Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Brandschutz (ISO 9094:2015)
Petits navires - Protection contre l'incendie (ISO 9094:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 9094:2017
ICS:
13.220.20 3RåDUQD]DãþLWD Fire protection
47.080 ýROQL Small craft
SIST EN ISO 9094:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
EN ISO 9094
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 47.080 Supersedes EN ISO 9094:2015
English Version
Small craft - Fire protection (ISO 9094:2015)

Petits navires - Protection contre l'incendie (ISO Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Brandschutz (ISO

9094:2015) 9094:2015)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 July 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 9094:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
EN ISO 9094:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2013/53/EU .......................................................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
EN ISO 9094:2017 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 9094:2015 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 “Small craft” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 9094:2017.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2018, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 9094:2015.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 9094:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 9094:2017 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
EN ISO 9094:2017 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2013/53/EU

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to Essential

Requirements of the New Approach Directive 2013/53/EU.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has

been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative

clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a

presumption of conformity with the relevant Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated

EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2013/53/EU

Corresponding
annexes/paragraphs of
Clauses/sub-clauses of this
Comments
standard Directive 2013/53/EU
9 I.A.2.5 - Owner’s manual
Annex B
5; 6 I.A.3.8 - Escape In respect of viable means of
escape in the event of fire
only, this standard does not
deal with escape from
inversion.
4.3.1.1; 4.3.2 I.A.5.1.1 – Engine and engine In respect of insulating
compartments, inboard materials and separation from
engine habitable spaces.
4.3.2.3 I.A.5.1.2 - Engine and engine With respect to the
compartments, ventilation requirements for fixed petrol
engines and fixed petrol tanks
only.
4.1.3 I.A.5.2.1 - Fuel system,
General
4.1.3; 4.3.1.2 I.A.5.2.2 - Fuel system, Fuel
tanks
4.4; 4.6 I.A.5.3 - Electrical system In respect of minimizing the
risk of fire and to prevent the
accumulation of explosive
gases which might be emitted
from batteries.
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
EN ISO 9094:2017 (E)
Ignition-protected items shall
be in accordance with EN
ISO 8846 (EN 28846).
4.5 I.A.5.5 - Gas system In respect of liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG) systems
and self-contained appliances.
4; 5; 6 I.A.5.6.1 - Fire protection – The scope of this standard
general defines a practical degree of
Annex A
fire prevention and protection
intended to provide enough
time for occupants to escape a
fire on board small craft up to
24m length of hull.
The exclusions shall be noted.
7; 8 I.A.5.6.2 – Fire protection - In respect of minimum
Fire-fighting equipment firefighting requirements
according to the type of
engine fuel and power rating,
habitable spaces and
provision of heating and
cooking appliances.
Informative annexes C and D
should be noted.

WARNING - Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling

within the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 9094
First edition
2015-11-15
Small craft — Fire protection
Petits navires — Protection contre l’incendie
Reference number
ISO 9094:2015(E)
ISO 2015
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
ISO 9094:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
ISO 9094:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Fire prevention ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 Cooking and heating appliances .............................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1.2 Appliances with flues ................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1.3 Permanently installed fuel systems ................................................................................................................. 4

4.2 Materials near cooking or heating appliances ............................................................................................................. 4

4.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Protection from open flames ................................................................................................................................. 4

4.2.3 Protection from radiated heat devices .......................................................................................................... 5

4.2.4 Protection from solid fuel appliances ............................................................................................................ 6

4.2.5 Protection from electrical appliances ............................................................................................................ 6

4.3 Engine and fuel compartments and exhausts .............................................................................................................. 6

4.3.1 General requirements not dependent on fuel type ............................................................................ 6

4.3.2 Specific requirements for compartments containing fixed petrol engines

and permanently installed petrol tanks .................. ..................................................................................... 7

4.3.3 Specific requirements for compartments containing portable petrol-

engined equipment and portable petrol tanks or containers ................................................... 8

4.4 Electrical installations ...................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.5 Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems ........................................................................................................................... 8

4.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.5.2 LPG systems not used for propulsion ............................................................................................................ 8

4.5.3 LPG systems used for propulsion ...................................................................................................................... 8

4.5.4 Self-contained portable appliances ................................................................................................................. 8

4.6 Ignition protection ............................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.7 Decklights .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Fire detection ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Fire escape .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.1 Fire escape routes ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1.2 Escape routes passing over or beside an engine compartment ...........................................10

6.1.3 Escape routes passing over an open flame or radiated heat device .................................10

6.2 Fire exits ....................................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.2 Minimum clear dimensions .................................................................................................................................10

6.2.3 Positioning fire exits ..................................................................................................................................................10

6.2.4 Capability to open fire exits .................................................................................................................................10

6.2.5 Deck hatches designated as fire exits..........................................................................................................11

6.2.6 Water tightness of fire exits .................................................................................................................................11

7 Fire fighting equipment .............................................................................................................................................................................11

7.1 Purpose .......................................................................................................................................................................................................11

7.2 Protection of habitable spaces containing sleeping bunks ............................................................................11

7.3 Protection of habitable spaces containing cooking and heating appliances ..................................11

7.4 Protection of engine compartment(s) .............................................................................................................................12

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

7.4.2 Fire ports .............................................................................................................................................................................12

7.5 Portable fire extinguishers ........................................................................................................................................................13

7.5.1 Purpose .................................................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
ISO 9094:2015(E)

7.5.2 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................13

7.5.3 Carbon dioxide (CO ) extinguishers ............................................................................................................13

7.5.4 Location and capacity of portable fire extinguishers ....................................................................14

7.6 Fixed fire extinguishing systems ..........................................................................................................................................14

7.6.1 Purpose .................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.6.2 General requirements ...............................................................................................................................................14

7.6.3 Requirements for use of asphyxiant mediums ...................................................................................15

7.6.4 General installation requirements .................................................................................................................16

7.6.5 Activation of the system .........................................................................................................................................16

7.7 Fire blanket .............................................................................................................................................................................................17

8 Displayed information .................................................................................................................................................................................17

8.1 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................17

8.2 Fixed system warning for non-asphyxiant medium ............................................................................................17

8.3 Fixed system warning for asphyxiant medium ........................................................................................................18

8.4 CO portable extinguisher ..........................................................................................................................................................18

8.5 Storage of ladder to escape hatch ........................................................................................................................................18

8.6 Displayed symbol requirements ...........................................................................................................................................18

9 Owner’s manual..................................................................................................................................................................................................19

Annex A (normative) Fire test referenced in 4.2.2 ..............................................................................................................................20

Annex B (normative) Information to be provided in the Owner’s manual ................................................................21

Annex C (informative) Classification of fires, fire ratings according to EN 3-7 and the

selection of portable fire extinguishers ....................................................................................................................................24

Annex D (informative) Selection of fixed fire extinguishing systems ..............................................................................26

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................28

iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
ISO 9094:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 88, Small craft.

This first edition of ISO 9094 cancels and replaces ISO 9094-1:2003 and ISO 9094-2:2002.

The major technical changes concern:
— change in definition of “readily accessible” being for “emergency conditions”;

— added definitions and requirements for cooking appliances, solid fuel appliances and heating

appliance installations;
— requirements for cooking and heating appliances using liquid fuel;

— specific requirements addressing compartments containing petrol tanks and containers and

portable petrol driven engines;
— added requirements for fire protection for “domed ” decklights;
— fire detection requirements for craft over 12 m;
— clarification of escape routes for quarter cabin arrangements;
— detailed requirements for access to deck hatches designated as fire exits;
— changes to engine and engine compartment fire extinguishing requirements;
— fixed fire extinguishing systems to be “approved systems”;
— requirement for diesel engine shut down and “shut off dampers”;

— audible alarm requirements required only for protected spaces able to be occupied.

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
ISO 9094:2015(E)
Introduction

This International Standard covers the prevention of fire and the protection of life in case of fire on

small craft.

It is intended to ensure that the design and layout of the craft and the type of equipment installed

minimize the risk and spread of fire and that every habitable craft is provided with viable means of

escape in the event of fire.

The requirements in this document might not be effective against some battery chemistries (for

example Lithium based products). Battery manufacturers should be consulted for appropriate methods

of fire suppression.
vi © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 9094:2015(E)
Small craft — Fire protection
1 Scope

This International Standard defines a practical degree of fire prevention and protection intended to

provide enough time for occupants to escape a fire on board small craft.

It applies to all small craft of up to 24 m length of hull (L ) except for personal watercraft.

This International Standard excludes:

— the design and installation of those permanently installed galley stoves and heating appliances

(including components used to distribute the heat) using fuels that are liquid at atmospheric

pressure on small craft, which are covered by ISO 14895;
[3]
— carbon monoxide detecting systems, which are covered by ISO 12133 .
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 3-7, Portable fire extinguishers – Part 7: Characteristics, performance requirements and test methods

EN 1869, Fire blankets
IEC 60092-507, Electrical installations in ships — Part 507: Small vessels

ISO 4589-3, Plastics — Determination of burning behaviour by oxygen index — Part 3: Elevated-

temperature test

ISO 5923, Equipment for fire protection and fire fighting — Fire extinguishing media — Carbon dioxide

ISO 7010:2011, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Registered safety signs

ISO 7165, Fire fighting-Portable fire extinguishers – Performance and construction

ISO 8846, Small craft — Electrical devices — Protection against ignition of surrounding flammable gases

ISO 10088, Small craft — Permanently installed fuel systems

ISO 10133, Small craft — Electrical systems — Extra-low-voltage d.c. installations

ISO 10239, Small craft — Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems
ISO 10240, Small craft — Owner’s manual

ISO 11105:1997, Small craft — Ventilation of petrol engine and/or petrol tank compartments

ISO 12216, Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors — Strength and

watertightness requirements
ISO 13297, Small craft — Electrical systems — Alternating current installations
ISO 14895, Small craft — Liquid-fuelled galley stoves and heating appliances
ISO 16315, Small craft — Electric propulsion system
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 9094:2017
ISO 9094:2015(E)
ISO 21487, Small craft — Permanently installed petrol and diesel fuel tanks
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
accessible

capable of being reached for inspection, removal or maintenance without removal of permanent

craft structure

Note 1 to entry: Hatches are not regarded as permanent craft structures in this sense even if tools are needed

to open them.
3.2
readily accessible

capable of being reached quickly and safely for effective use under emergency conditions without

the use of tools
3.3
engine compartment
compartment of the craft, containing main or auxiliary engine(s)
3.4
fixed fire extinguishing system

fire fighting system having all components fixed in position and having automatic activation and/or

manual release from outside of the space protected
Note 1 to entry: In the following text this system is called “a fixed system”.
3.5
fire exit

any door, hatch, or aperture designated as an exit in case of fire and leading either directly or via other

areas of the craft, to the open air
3.6
open flame device

any appliance where direct bodily contact with an exposed open flame is possible during normal operation

3.7
petrol
hydrocarbon fuel or blends thereof which is liq
...

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