Environmental labels and declarations - Type I environmental labelling - Principles and procedures (ISO 14024:2018)

ISO 14024:2018 establishes the principles and procedures for developing Type I environmental labelling programmes, including the selection of product categories, product environmental criteria and product function characteristics, and for assessing and demonstrating compliance. ISO 14024:2018 also establishes the certification procedures for awarding the label.

Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Umweltkennzeichnung Typ I - Grundsätze und Verfahren (ISO 14024:2018)

Labels et déclarations environnementaux - Délivrance du label environnemental de type I - Principes et procédures (ISO 14024:2018)

ISO 14024:2018 établit les principes et les procédures pour l'élaboration de programmes de label environnemental de type I, y compris le choix des catégories de produits, des critères environnementaux et des caractéristiques fonctionnelles du produit, ainsi que pour l'évaluation et la démonstration de la conformité. Le présent document établit également les procédures de certification pour l'attribution du label.

Okoljske označbe in deklaracije - Okoljsko označevanje I. vrste - Načela in postopki (ISO 14024:2018)

Ta dokument določa načela in postopke za razvoj programa okoljskega označevanja I. vrste,
vključno z izbiranjem kategorij izdelka, okoljskih meril za izdelek in lastnosti delovanja izdelka ter za ocenjevanje in dokazovanje skladnosti. Ta dokument določa tudi postopke certificiranja za podelitev oznake.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Mar-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
28-Mar-2018
Completion Date
28-Mar-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
01-julij-2018
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2002
2NROMVNHR]QDþEHLQGHNODUDFLMH2NROMVNRR]QDþHYDQMH,YUVWH1DþHODLQ
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Environmental labels and declarations - Type I environmental labelling - Principles and

procedures

Marquage et déclarations environnementaux - Étiquetage environnemental de type I -

Principes et méthodes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14024:2018
ICS:
13.020.50 2]QDþHYDQMH]HNRORãNR Ecolabelling
QDOHSNR
SIST EN ISO 14024:2018 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
EN ISO 14024
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020.50 Supersedes EN ISO 14024:2000
English Version
Environmental labels and declarations - Type I
environmental labelling - Principles and procedures (ISO
14024:2018)
Labels et déclarations environnementaux - Délivrance
du label environnemental de type I - Principes et
procédures (ISO 14024:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 March 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14024:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
EN ISO 14024:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
EN ISO 14024:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 14024:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207

"Environmental management".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2018, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 14024:2000.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14024:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14024:2018 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14024
Second edition
2018-02
Environmental labels and
declarations — Type I environmental
labelling — Principles and procedures
Labels et déclarations environnementaux — Délivrance du label
environnemental de type I — Principes et procédures
Reference number
ISO 14024:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Objective of Type I environmental labelling ............................................................................................................................ 3

5 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Voluntary nature of the programme ......... ............................................................................................................................ 3

5.2 Relationship with ISO 14020 ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Use of ecolabels ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4 Life cycle consideration ................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5 Selectivity .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.6 Product environmental criteria ................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.6.1 Life cycle considerations ........................................................................................................................................... 4

5.6.2 Basis of criteria .................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.7 Product function characteristics.............................................................................................................................................. 4

5.8 Validity of programme requirements .................................................................................................................................. 4

5.8.1 Period of validity .............................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.8.2 Review period .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.9 Consultation .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.10 Compliance and verification ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.11 Data quality ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.12 Transparency ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.13 Accessibility ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.14 Scientific basis of product environmental criteria ................................................................................................... 6

5.15 Avoidance of conflict of interest ............................................................................................................................................... 6

5.16 Competence of verifiers .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.17 Costs and fees ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.18 Confidentiality ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.19 Mutual recognition .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Procedures .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Consultation with interested parties ................................................................................................................................... 7

6.3 Selection of product categories ................................................................................................................................................ 7

6.3.1 Conducting a feasibility study .............................................................................................................................. 7

6.3.2 Proposal for product category ............................................................................................................................. 8

6.4 Selection and development of product environmental criteria .................................................................... 8

6.4.1 Selection of product environmental criteria ............................................................................................ 8

6.4.2 Development of product environmental criteria ................................................................................. 8

6.5 Selection of product function characteristics ............................................................................................................... 9

6.6 Reporting and publication .........................................................................................................................................................10

6.7 Implementation of modifications to the product environmental criteria ........................................10

7 Certification and compliance................................................................................................................................................................10

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2 Basic concepts ......................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.2 General rules ....................................................................................................................................................................11

7.2.3 Product environmental criteria and product function characteristics for

each product category ..............................................................................................................................................11

7.3 Licensing ...................................................................................................................................................................................................11

7.4 Procedures for assessing and demonstrating compliance .............................................................................11

7.4.1 Basic principle .................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)

7.4.2 Supervision and control .........................................................................................................................................11

7.4.3 Supporting documentation ..................................................................................................................................12

7.4.4 Declarations of conformity ..................................................................................................................................12

7.4.5 Verification .........................................................................................................................................................................12

7.5 Compliance monitoring ................................................................................................................................................................12

7.6 Protection of the label ....................................................................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 3, Environmental labelling.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 14024:1999), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— addition of definitions for “verifier” (3.15) and “verification” (3.16);

— addition of subclauses on data quality (5.11) and the competence of verifiers (5.16);

— addition of paragraph on the competence of verifiers in 6.1;
— addition of subclause 7.4.5 on verification;
— updating of reference documents.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
Introduction

There are several approaches to environmental labelling. This document relates to Type I environmental

labelling programmes, which award their environmental label to products that meet a set of

predetermined requirements. The label identifies products that are determined to be environmentally

preferable within a particular product category.

Type I environmental labelling programmes are voluntary, can be operated by public or private agencies

and can be national, regional or international in nature.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14024:2018(E)
Environmental labels and declarations — Type I
environmental labelling — Principles and procedures
1 Scope

This document establishes the principles and procedures for developing Type I environmental labelling

programmes, including the selection of product categories, product environmental criteria and

product function characteristics, and for assessing and demonstrating compliance. This document also

establishes the certification procedures for awarding the label.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14020, Environmental labels and declarations — General principles
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
Type I environmental labelling programme

voluntary, multiple-criteria-based third party (3.7) programme that awards a licence (3.13) which

authorizes the use of environmental labels on products (3.2) indicating overall environmental

preferability of a product within a particular product category (3.3) based on life cycle considerations

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3]
3.2
product
any goods or service
[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 6.2, modified — Notes to entry have been deleted.]
3.3
product category
group of products (3.2) which have equivalent function
[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.3]
3.4
product environmental criteria

environmental requirements that the product (3.2) shall meet in order to be awarded an

environmental label
[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.3.3]
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
3.5
product function characteristic
attribute or characteristic in the performance and use of a product (3.2)
[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.3.2]
3.6
ecolabelling body

third party (3.7) body, and its agents, which conducts a Type I environmental labelling programme (3.1)

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.4]
3.7
third party

person or body that is recognized as being independent of the parties involved, as concerns the issue in

question

Note 1 to entry: “Parties involved” are usually supplier (“first party”) and purchaser (“second party”) interests.

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 3.7]
3.8
interested party
party affected by a Type I environmental labelling programme (3.1)
3.9
licensee

party authorized by an ecolabelling body (3.6) to use a Type I environmental label

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.2]
3.10
environmental aspect

element of an organization’s activities or products (3.2) that interacts or can interact with the

environment

Note 1 to entry: An environmental aspect can cause (an) environmental impact(s) (3.11). A significant

environmental aspect is one that has or can have one or more significant environmental impact(s).

Note 2 to entry: Significant environmental aspects are determined by the organization applying one or more

criteria.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.2, modified — The words “or services” have been deleted.]

3.11
environmental impact

change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an

organization’s environmental aspects (3.10)
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.2.4]
3.12
certification

procedure by which a third party (3.7) gives written assurance that a product (3.2) or process conforms

to specified requirements

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 3.10, modified — The words “a product, process or service” have been

replaced by “a product or process”.]
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
3.13
licence (for Type I environmental labelling)
licence

document, issued under the rules of a certification (3.12) system, by which an ecolabelling body

(3.6) grants to a person or body the right to use Type I environmental labels for its products (3.2) in

accordance with the rules of the environmental labelling programme

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.1, modified — Second term “licence” has been added, and the words “or

services” have been deleted in the definition.]
3.14
fitness for purpose

ability of a product (3.2) or process to serve a defined purpose under specific conditions

[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 8.3.3.1, modified — The words “a product, process or service” have been

replaced by “a product or process”.]
3.15
verifier
person or body that carries out verification (3.16)
[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 5.3]
3.16
verification

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been

fulfilled
[SOURCE: ISO 14050:2009, 5.1]
4 Objective of Type I environmental labelling

The overall goal of environmental labels and declarations is to encourage, through communication of

verifiable and accurate information that is not misleading on environmental aspects of products, the

demand for and supply of those products that cause less stress on the environment, thereby stimulating

the potential for market-driven continuous environmental improvement.

The objective of Type I environmental labelling programmes is to contribute to a reduction in the

environmental impacts associated with products, through the identification of products that meet the

criteria of a specific Type I programme for overall environmental preferability.

The objective of this document is to secure transparency and credibility in implementing Type I

environmental labelling programmes and to harmonize the principles and procedures applicable to the

programmes.
5 Principles
5.1 Voluntary nature of the programme

Type I environmental labelling programmes, including those developed or operated by government-

sponsored agencies, shall be voluntary in nature.
5.2 Relationship with ISO 14020

In addition to the requirements of this document, the principles set out in ISO 14020 shall apply. Where

this document provides for more specific requirements than ISO 14020, those specific requirements

shall apply.
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
5.3 Use of ecolabels

Use of an ecolabel in accordance with this document is considered to indicate meeting all environmental

and other relevant legal requirements.
5.4 Life cycle consideration

The objective of reducing environmental impacts and not merely transferring impacts across media or

stages of the product life cycle is best served by considering the whole product life cycle when setting

product environmental criteria.

Life cycle stages to be taken into account when developing the product environmental criteria should

include extraction of resources, manufacturing, distribution, use and disposal relating to relevant

cross-media environmental indicators. Any departure from this comprehensive approach or selective

use of restricted environmental issues shall be justified.
5.5 Selectivity

Product environmental criteria shall be established to differentiate environmentally preferable

products from others in the product category, based on a measurable difference in environmental

impact. Product environmental criteria should differentiate between products only when these

differences are significant. Testing and verification methodologies used to evaluate products have

different levels of precision and accuracy. This should be considered when determining the significance

of this difference.

Once product environmental criteria are established according to the above, all products that meet the

criteria shall be eligible to use the label.
5.6 Product environmental criteria
5.6.1 Life cycle considerations

The product environmental criteria shall be based on indicators arising from life cycle considerations

(see 6.4).
5.6.2 Basis of criteria

The product environmental criteria should be set at attainable levels and should give consideration to

relative environmental impacts, measurement capability and accuracy.
5.7 Product function characteristics

In developing the criteria, the fitness for purpose of the product and the levels of performance shall be

taken into account. International, regional or national standards for the product should be considered

for use in the programme, according to the hierarchy for use of standards set out in ISO 14020.

NOTE In the context of environmental labelling, fitness for purpose implies that a product satisfies health,

safety and consumer performance needs.
5.8 Validity of programme requirements
5.8.1 Period of validity

The product environmental criteria and product function requirements for each product category shall

be set for a predefined period.
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SIST EN ISO 14024:2018
ISO 14024:2018(E)
5.8.2 Review period

The product environmental criteria and product function requirements shall be reviewed within a

predefined period, taking account of factors
...

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