Pallets for materials handling - Flat pallets - Part 2: Performance requirements and selection of tests (ISO 8611-2:2011)

ISO 8611-2:2011 specifies the performance requirements to establish nominal loads for new flat pallets.
It also specifies the tests required for new flat pallets in various handling environments and the performance requirements for tests with payloads. It is not intended to apply to pallets with a fixed superstructure or a rigid, self-supporting container that can be mechanically attached to the pallet and which contributes to the strength of the pallet.

Paletten für den Gütertransport - Flachpaletten - Teil 2: Leistungsanforderungen und Auswahl von Prüfungen (ISO 8611-2:2011)

Dieser Teil von ISO 8611 legt die Leistungsanforderungen für die Ermittlung der Nennlasten neuer Flach-paletten fest.
Außerdem wird festgelegt, welche Prüfungen für neue Flachpaletten bei verschiedenen Handhabungen erforderlich sind und welche Leistung in Prüfungen mit Auflasten zu erreichen ist. Dieser Teil der Norm gilt weder für Paletten mit festen Aufbauten noch für formstabile, selbsttragende Behälter, die mechanisch an den Paletten befestigt werden können und zur Festigkeit der Paletten beitragen.

Palettes pour la manutention - Palettes plates - Partie 2: Exigences de performance et sélection des essais (ISO 8611-2:2011)

L'ISO 8611-2:2011 spécifie les exigences de performance permettant d'établir les charges nominales pour des palettes plates neuves.
Elle spécifie également les essais nécessaires pour des palettes plates neuves dans diverses conditions de manutention et les exigences de performance pour des essais avec charges utiles. Elle ne s'étend pas aux palettes à superstructure fixe ou à conteneur autoportant rigide pouvant être fixés mécaniquement à la palette et contribuant à sa résistance.

Palete za ravnanje z materiali - Ravne palete - 2. del: Izvedbene zahteve in izbira preskusa (ISO 8611-2:2011)

Ta del standarda ISO 8611 podaja izvedbene zahteve za določanje nazivne obremenitve za nove ravne palete. Določa tudi zahtevane preskuse za nove ravne palete v različnih delovnih okoljih in izvedbene zahteve za preskuse z obremenitvijo. Ni namenjen za palete s fiksno nadgradnjo ali za trdne, samonosilne posode, ki se lahko mehanično pritrdijo na paleto in pripomorejo k trdnosti palete.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
07-Aug-2012
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
12-Jan-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
01-februar-2013

Palete za ravnanje z materiali - Ravne palete - 2. del: Izvedbene zahteve in izbira

preskusa (ISO 8611-2:2011)

Pallets for materials handling - Flat pallets - Part 2: Performance requirements and

selection of tests (ISO 8611-2:2011)

Paletten für den Gütertransport - Flachpaletten - Teil 2: Leistungsanforderungen und

Auswahl von Prüfungen (ISO 8611-2:2011)

Palettes pour la manutention - Palettes plates - Partie 2: Exigences de performance et

sélection des essais (ISO 8611-2:2011)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 8611-2:2012
ICS:
55.180.20 9HþQDPHQVNHSDOHWH General purpose pallets
SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 8611-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2012
ICS 55.180.20
English Version
Pallets for materials handling - Flat pallets - Part 2: Performance
requirements and selection of tests (ISO 8611-2:2011)

Palettes pour la manutention - Palettes plates - Partie 2: Paletten für den Gütertransport - Flachpaletten - Teil 2:

Exigences de performance et sélection des essais (ISO Leistungsanforderungen und Auswahl von Prüfungen (ISO

8611-2:2011) 8611-2:2011)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 July 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 8611-2:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
EN ISO 8611-2:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
EN ISO 8611-2:2012 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 8611-2:2011 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 51 “Pallets for unit load

methods of materials handling” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken

over as EN ISO 8611-2:2012 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 261 “Packaging” the secretariat of which is

held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by February 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 8611-2:2011 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 8611-2:2012 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 8611-2
First edition
2011-05-15
Pallets for materials handling —
Flat pallets —
Part 2:
Performance requirements and selection
of tests
Palettes pour la manutention — Palettes plates —
Partie 2: Exigences de performance et sélection des essais
Reference number
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
ISO 2011
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2011

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................1

4 Test conditions ......................................................................................................................................3

4.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................3

4.2 Wooden pallets ......................................................................................................................................3

4.3 Metal pallets ...........................................................................................................................................3

4.4 Plastic pallets.........................................................................................................................................3

4.5 Paper pallets ..........................................................................................................................................4

4.6 Wood-based composite pallets ...........................................................................................................4

5 Number of replicates.............................................................................................................................4

6 Performance requirements...................................................................................................................4

7 Selection of the tests ............................................................................................................................7

7.1 Intended use ..........................................................................................................................................7

7.2 Handling of goods with racking and stacking....................................................................................8

7.3 Handling of goods with stacking without racking .............................................................................8

7.4 Handling of goods without racking or stacking.................................................................................8

7.5 Special applications ..............................................................................................................................8

8 Test load — Nominal load.....................................................................................................................9

8.1 Strength tests ........................................................................................................................................9

8.2 Ultimate load, U .....................................................................................................................................9

8.3 Stiffness tests ........................................................................................................................................9

8.4 Nominal load ..........................................................................................................................................9

9 Duration for static stiffness tests ......................................................................................................10

10 Number of impacts for dynamic tests ...............................................................................................10

11 Test report............................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Plots of typical force versus deformation from pallet tests showing the

deformation of ultimate load, U..........................................................................................................11

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................12

© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 8611-2 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 51, Pallets for unit load method of materials

handling.

This first edition of ISO 8611-2 cancels and replaces ISO/TS 8611-2:2005, which has been technically revised.

ISO 8611 consists of the following parts, under the general title Pallets for materials handling — Flat pallets:

⎯ Part 1: Test methods
⎯ Part 2: Performance requirements and selection of tests
⎯ Part 3: Maximum working loads
iv © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
Introduction

The forces to which pallets are exposed during use vary significantly. The test procedures described in

ISO 8611-1 are approximate simulations of pallet use. These tests help the pallet designer to establish an

initial acceptable balance between the cost and the performance of a pallet design. It is intended that all

results of tests performed using this protocol be confirmed and verified using field trials before publication of

performance or the commercial implementation of a new pallet design.

The nominal load, determined according to this test protocol, does not represent a payload and cannot be

verified using field trials. The nominal load is a minimum payload level for use in determining maximum

working load according to the procedures in ISO 8611-3. The maximum working load can be verified for a

specified payload and intended use, using field trials. It is intended that the publication of the maximum

working load include a description of the payload and the intended modes of use of the pallet.

It is essential to exercise care when comparing the results of tests with historic experience using existing

pallet designs. User expectations of pallet performance vary. Some require greater and some accept lower

levels of performance. Users are accepting different levels of risk when using pallets. Because of the varied

performance expectations of pallet users, the results of tests might not always reflect the user's perception of

pallet performance in use.

The nominal load might not reflect users' perception of pallet performance because the nominal load does not

represent a payload. It is intended that maximum working loads be used to compare with the historic

performance of existing pallet designs.
Regarding the use of the ISO 8611 series,
⎯ ISO 8611-1 describes the test methods,

⎯ this part of ISO 8611 describes the performance requirements and selection of tests, and

⎯ ISO 8611-3 describes tests for determining maximum working loads for known payloads.

ISO 8611-1 and this part of ISO 8611 are required for determining nominal load. The nominal load is the

lowest safe load value for the specified support conditions, independent of the type of load (excluding

concentrated loads).

ISO 8611-1, this part of ISO 8611 and ISO 8611-3 are required for determining maximum working loads for

known payloads.

The nominal load for the intended use is established by the selection of tests in ISO 8611-1 and the

performance requirement is established from criteria in this part of ISO 8611.

The following three types of intended use with specified support conditions are defined:

⎯ handling of loaded pallets with racking and stacking;
⎯ handling of loaded pallets without racking;
⎯ handling of loaded pallets without racking or stacking.

To determine the maximum working load through testing given in ISO 8611-3, the deflection under the known

payload cannot exceed the limiting deflection (see 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4 of ISO 8611-3:2011) established in

ISO 8611-1 and this part of ISO 8611. The maximum working load is the greatest payload that a pallet can be

permitted to carry in a specific loading and support condition.
© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)

Guidance is given in Annex A of ISO 8611-3:2011 as to the general effect on performance of different load

types and stabilization methods. These can only give guidance as to the likely result from tests with the known

payload.
Other tests for durability evaluation are specified in ISO 8611-1.
vi © ISO 2011 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
Pallets for materials handling — Flat pallets —
Part 2:
Performance requirements and selection of tests
1 Scope

This part of ISO 8611 specifies the performance requirements to establish nominal loads for new flat pallets.

It also specifies the tests required for new flat pallets in various handling environments and the performance

requirements for tests with payloads. It is not intended to apply to pallets with a fixed superstructure or a rigid,

self-supporting container that can be mechanically attached to the pallet and which contributes to the strength

of the pallet.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 445, Pallets for materials handling — Vocabulary
ISO 8611-1, Pallets for materials handling — Flat pallets — Part 1: Test methods

ISO 8611-3, Pallets for materials handling — Flat pallets — Part 3: Maximum working loads

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 445 and the following apply.

3.1
breaking of one component

fracture of a structural element which significantly affects the strength, stiffness or functionality of a pallet

3.2
concentrated load
load concentrated over an area of less than 50 % of the pallet top deck
[ISO 445:2008, definition 2.3]
3.3
maximum working load

greatest payload that a pallet is permitted to carry in a specific loading and support condition

NOTE 1 This varies according to the type, distribution, arrangement and means of stabilization of the load and the

system of support, and can be lower or higher than the nominal load (see, for example, Clauses 4 and 6 and see also

ISO 8611-3).
NOTE 2 Adapted from ISO 445:2008, definition 2.7.
© ISO 2011 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 8611-2:2013
ISO 8611-2:2011(E)
3.4
nominal load

lowest safe load value for the specified support conditions, independent of the type of load (excluding

concentrated loads)

NOTE 1 “Specified support conditions” refers to the range of conditions of use in 7.1 of this part of ISO 8611.

NOTE 2 Nominal loa
...

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