Pallet production specification - Part 2: Construction specification for 1000 mm x 1200 mm flat wooden pallets

This European Standard specifies the manufacturing characteristics of flat re-usable wooden 1000 mm × 1200 mm, double deck, non-reversible, 4-way entry, 9 block skid and perimeter base pallets suitable for transport, storage, handling or exchange use. It also gives some requirements for manufacture and marking and addresses the issue of safety.

Produktspezifikation für Paletten - Teil 2: Herstellung von 1 000 mm x 1 200 mm-Flachpaletten aus Holz

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Herstellungsmerkmale der wiederverwendbaren Holz-Doppeldeck-, nicht
umkehrbaren Vierweg-Flachpalette 1 000 mm × 1 200 mm, 9-Klotz-Kufenpalette und Fensterpalette für den
Transport, die Lagerung, die Handhabung oder den Austausch fest. Diese Norm legt auch einige Anforderungen
für die Herstellung und für die Kennzeichnung fest und spricht Fragen der Sicherheit an.

Spécification de produit pour les palettes - Partie 2 : Spécification de fabrication des palettes plates en bois, de dimensions 1000 mm x 1200 mm

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les caractéristiques de fabrication d'une palette plate réutilisable en
bois, à double plancher, non réversible, à quatre entrées, à neuf dés, à semelles et à plancher inférieur
périmétrique, de dimensions 1 000 mm × 1 200 mm, destinée au transport, au stockage, à la manutention ou
à l'échange. Elle donne également certaines exigences relatives à la fabrication et au marquage et traite de la
question de la sécurité.

Specifikacija izdelovanja palet - 2. del: Specifikacija za konstrukcijo ravnih lesenih palet 1000 mm x 1200 mm

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Jun-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
29-Mar-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Specifikacija izdelovanja palet - 2. del: Specifikacija za konstrukcijo ravnih lesenih palet 1000 mm x 1200 mmProduktspezifikation für Paletten - Teil 2: Herstellung von 1 000 mm x 1 200 mm-Flachpaletten aus HolzSpécification de produit pour les palettes - Partie 2 : Spécification de fabrication des palettes plates en bois, de dimensions 1000 mm x 1200 mmPallet production specification - Part 2: Construction specification for 1000 mm x 1200 mm flat wooden pallets55.180.20General purpose palletsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13698-2:2009SIST EN 13698-2:2009en,fr,de01-november-2009SIST EN 13698-2:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13698-2:20031DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13698-2June 2009ICS 55.180.20Supersedes EN 13698-2:2003

English VersionPallet production specification - Part 2: Constructionspecification for 1000 mm x 1200 mm flat wooden palletsSpécification de produit pour les palettes - Partie 2 :Spécification de fabrication des palettes plates en bois, dedimensions 1000 mm x 1200 mmProduktspezifikation für Paletten - Teil 2: Herstellung von 1000 mm x 1 200 mm-Flachpaletten aus HolzThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 May 2009.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as theofficial versions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre:

Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels© 2009 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13698-2:2009: ESIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................41Scope ......................................................................................................................................................52Normative references ............................................................................................................................53Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................54Pallet types .............................................................................................................................................64.1Type 1 ......................................................................................................................................................64.2Type 2 ......................................................................................................................................................65Nominal and safe working loads ..........................................................................................................66Construction ...........................................................................................................................................66.1Materials .................................................................................................................................................66.1.1Timber species .......................................................................................................................................66.1.2Timber quality grade .............................................................................................................................66.1.3Moisture content ....................................................................................................................................66.1.4Particle board .........................................................................................................................................66.1.5Fasteners ................................................................................................................................................66.2Design and manufacture .......................................................................................................................76.2.1Component parts ...................................................................................................................................76.2.2Boards and blocks .................................................................................................................................86.2.3Pallet assembly and fastener positions ..............................................................................................96.3General assembly details ......................................................................................................................96.4Assembly strength.............................................................................................................................. 126.4.1Diagonal rigidity .................................................................................................................................. 126.4.2Separation force.................................................................................................................................. 127Inspections and marking ................................................................................................................... 12Annex A (normative)

Materials ....................................................................................................................... 13A.1Timber .................................................................................................................................................. 13A.2Timber quality grade .......................................................................................................................... 13A.3Particle board ...................................................................................................................................... 14A.4Fasteners ............................................................................................................................................. 16Annex B (informative)

Wood shrinkage – Comparative wood shrinkage/expansion rates ...................... 19Annex C (normative)

Joint separation test .................................................................................................... 20C.1Test apparatus .................................................................................................................................... 20C.2Test pieces .......................................................................................................................................... 20C.3Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 21C.4Test results .......................................................................................................................................... 21C.5Report .................................................................................................................................................. 21Annex D (normative)

Preservatives – General policy ................................................................................... 22Annex E (informative)

Safe working load under different loading conditions – General policy .............. 23Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 24 SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13698-2:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 261 “Packaging”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2009.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13698-2:2003.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 4 Introduction Tests on the perimeter base pallet and over 30 years of experience with the skid pallet in through transit of goods, have demonstrated that these designs of pallet comply with the relevant dimensional requirements and appropriate tests specified in certain standards. This certifies that the quality of the pallet is suitable for normal purposes as regards the physical stresses involved in distribution and handling. SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the manufacturing characteristics of flat re-usable wooden 1000 mm × 1200 mm, double deck, non-reversible, 4-way entry, 9 block skid and perimeter base pallets suitable for transport, storage, handling or exchange use. It also gives some requirements for manufacture and marking and addresses the issue of safety. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 717-1, Wood-based panels – Determination of formaldehyde release – Part 1: Formaldehyde emission by the chamber method EN 1087-1, Particleboards – Determination of moisture resistance – Part 1: Boil test EN 1310:1997, Round and sawn timber – Method of measurement of features EN 12246:1999, Quality classification of timber used in pallets and packaging EN 13183-1, Moisture content of a piece of sawn timber – Part 1: Determination by oven dry method EN 13183-2, Moisture content of a piece of sawn timber – Part 2: Estimation by electrical resistance method EN 13382, Flat pallets for materials handling – Principal dimensions EN ISO 445:1998, Pallets for materials handling – Vocabulary (ISO 445:1996) EN ISO 8611-1:2004, Pallets for materials handling – Flat pallets – Part 1: Test methods for flat pallets (ISO 8611-1:2004) ISO 3133, Wood – Determination of ultimate strength in static bending 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 445:1998 and the following apply. 3.1 stacking placing of pallets with unit loads, one upon the other, without recourse to intermediate shelves or racking 3.2 nominal load reference load capacity, in kilograms, assuming an uniformly distributed load 3.3 safe working load maximum load capacity, in kilograms, in a defined loading situation 3.4 concentrated load load concentrated over an area between 30 % and 85 % of the pallet deck SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 6 3.5 uniformly distributed load load spread evenly across the full surface of the pallet deck 3.6 solid load single, compact, rigid, homogeneous load, covering approximately the complete surface of the pallet 4 Pallet types 4.1 Type 1 Re-useable wooden flat pallet, double deck, non-reversible, 4-way entry, skid pallet. 4.2 Type 2 Re-useable wooden flat pallet, double deck, non-reversible, 4-way entry, perimeter base pallet. 5 Nominal and safe working loads The nominal load of pallets conforming to this standard will be established by tests conducted under the review of EN ISO 8611. Annex E gives general information on safe working loads under different loading conditions. 6 Construction 6.1 Materials 6.1.1 Timber species Timber species are given in Annex A. 6.1.2 Timber quality grade The timber quality grade shall conform to A.2. 6.1.3 Moisture content Moisture content shall be determined in accordance with EN 13183-1 or EN 13183-2. At the time of delivery the moisture content of the component parts of the pallets shall not exceed 22 %. The reference moisture content shall be 20 %. NOTE Dimensions at other moisture levels may be calculated using the correction factors given in Annex B.

6.1.4 Particle board High density, moisture resistant particle board conforming to A.3 is permitted for blocks. 6.1.5 Fasteners Pallets shall be assembled with fasteners conforming to A.4. SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 7 6.2 Design and manufacture 6.2.1 Component parts 6.2.1.1 Type 1: Skid pallet 1000 mm ×××× 1200 mm Component parts of the skid pallet 1000 mm × 1200 mm shall conform to Table 1 and Figure 1. Table 1 — Component parts for the skid pallet 1000 mm ×××× 1200 mm Part a

Component a Number of components Dimensions at 20% moisture content mm Length Width b Thickness b 1 top deck lead board 2 1200 ± 3 145 73+− 22 20+ 2 intermediate top deck board 4 1200 ± 3 100 ± 3 22 20+ 3 central top deck board 1 1200 ± 3 145 73+− 22 20+ 4 stringer board 3 1000 ± 3 145 73+− 25 20+ 5 bottom deck board 3 1200 ± 3 145 73+− 22 20+ 6 block 9 145 73+− 145 73+− 78 13+− 7 nail 27

See A.4. 8 nail 27 9 nail or staples 36 a See Figure 1. b See Annex B.
SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 8 6.2.1.2 Type 2: Perimeter base pallet 1000 mm ×××× 1200 mm Component parts of the perimeter base pallet shall conform to Table 2 and Figure 2. Table 2 — Component parts of perimeter base pallet 1000 mm ×××× 1200 mm Part a Component a Number of components Dimensions at 20 % moisture content mm Length Width b Thickness b 1 top deck lead and central top deck board 3 1200 ± 3 120 ± 3 22 20+ 2 Intermediate top deck board 2 1200 ± 3 120 ± 3 22 20+ 3 Intermediate top deck board 2 1200 ± 3 100 ± 3 22 20+ 4 stringer board 3 1000 ± 3 145 53+− 22 20+ 5 bottom length deck board 3 1000 ± 3 120 ± 3 22 20+ 6 bottom width deck board 2 1000 ± 3 100 ± 3 22 20+ 7 block 9 145 53+− 120 ± 3 98 ± 2 8 square twisted or annular ring rolled nail 27

See A.4. 9 square twisted or annular ring rolled nail 39 10 plain shank nail 36 a See Figure 2. b See Annex B. 6.2.2 Boards and blocks All boards and natural timber blocks shall be of one piece. The outer surfaces of the top and bottom decks shall be unplanned. The wood fibres of the outer skid blocks shall be parallel to the longitudinal axis of the pallet. Blocks shall be of natural timber or particle board (see 6.1.4). SIST EN 13698-2:2009

EN 13698-2:2009 (E) 9 6.2.3 Pallet assembly and fastener positions 6.2.3.1 General All fasteners shall be driven in vertically, at a minimum of 20 mm from the edges of the boards, and, for particle board blocks, a minimum of 20 mm from the centre hole if present. Fasteners shall not be inserted parallel to the wood grain (which may split the board or block) and shall be spaced as far apar

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