Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws (ISO 19085-5:2017)

ISO 19085-5:2017 gives the safety requirements and measures for stationary and displaceable dimension saws, hereinafter referred to as "machines", designed to cut wood and material with similar physical characteristics to wood.
NOTE 1       For the definitions of stationary and displaceable machines, see ISO 19085‑1:2017, 3.4 and 3.5.
ISO 19085-5:2017 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in Clause 4, relevant to the machines, when operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also, transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping phases have been taken into account.
NOTE 2       For relevant but not significant hazards, e.g. sharp edges of the machine frame, see ISO 12100.
ISO 19085-5:2017 is also applicable to machines fitted with one or more of the following devices/additional working units, whose hazards have been dealt with:
-      device for the main saw blade and scoring saw blade to be raised and lowered;
-      device to tilt the main saw blade and scoring saw blade for angled cutting;
-      device for scoring;
-      device for grooving with milling tool with a width not exceeding 20 mm;
-      demountable power feed unit;
-      post-formed edge pre-cutting unit;
-      power-operated sliding table;
-      workpiece clamping.
NOTE 3       Dimension saws are used for ripping, cross cutting, dimensioning and grooving.
ISO 19085-5:2017 is not applicable to machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres or to machines manufactured prior to the date of its publication.

Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5: Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO 19085-5:2017)

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 5: Scies au format (ISO 19085-5:2017)

ISO 19085-5:2017 donne les exigences et les mesures de sécurité pour les scies au format fixes et transportables, ci-après désignées «machines», conçues pour la coupe de bois et de matériau ayant des caractéristiques physiques similaires à celles du bois.
NOTE 1    Pour les définitions de machines fixes et transportables, voir l'ISO 19085‑1:2017, 3.4 et 3.5.
Il traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs, tels qu'énumérés à l'Article 4, applicables aux machines lorsqu'elles sont utilisées, réglées et entretenues comme prévu et dans les conditions prévues par le fabricant, incluant une mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisible. Les phases de transport, d'assemblage, de démontage, de mise hors service et de mise au rebut ont également été prises en compte.
NOTE 2    Pour les phénomènes dangereux pertinents mais non significatifs, par exemple, les arêtes vives du bâti de la machine, voir l'ISO 12100.
Il est également applicable aux machines équipées d'un ou plusieurs des dispositifs/unités de travail supplémentaires suivants, dont les phénomènes dangereux ont été traités:
-      dispositif pour élever et abaisser la lame de scie principale et la lame de scie d'incision;
-      dispositif pour incliner la lame de scie principale et la lame de scie d'incision pour une coupe en angle;
-      dispositif pour l'incision;
-      dispositif pour le rainurage à l'aide d'un outil de fraisage ayant une largeur ne dépassant pas 20 mm;
-      unité d'avance mécanisée démontable;
-      unité de précoupe de chant postformé;
-      table mobile mécanisée;
-      bridage de pièce.
NOTE 3    Les scies au format sont utilisées pour le délignage, pour le tronçonnage, pour la coupe au format et pour le rainurage.
ISO 19085-5:2017 n'est pas applicable aux machines prévues pour une utilisation en atmosphères explosibles, ni aux machines fabriquées avant sa date de publication.

Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 5. del: Formatne žage (ISO 19085-5:2017)

Ta mednarodni dokument obravnava vsa večja tveganja, nevarne razmere in dogodke iz točke 4, ki se nanašajo na stacionarne in premične formatne žage, v nadaljevanju »stroji«, ki so namenjene rezanju lesa in materialov s podobnimi fizičnimi lastnostmi, kadar se upravljajo, prilagajajo in vzdržujejo skladno z njihovim namenom in pod pogoji, ki jih je določil proizvajalec, vključno s smiselno predvideno nepravilno uporabo. Upoštevane so tudi faze transporta, sestavljanja, razstavljanja in razrezovanja stroja. Stroji so lahko opremljeni tudi z naslednjimi napravami ali funkcijami, katerih tveganja so bila obravnavana: a) funkcijo dviganja in spuščanja glavnega rezila in rezila za zarezovanje (če je na voljo); b) funkcijo nagiba glavnega rezila in rezila za zarezovanje (če je na voljo) za rezanje pod kotom; c) funkcijo zarezovanja; d) funkcijo podrezovanja s frezalom širine največ 20 mm v enem hodu; e) odstranljivo napajalno enoto; f) enoto za predhodno rezanje zaokroženih robov; g) drsno mizo na električni pogon; h) napravo za vpenjanje obdelovanca.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
29-Nov-2017
Withdrawal Date
27-Feb-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
23-Aug-2017
Due Date
06-Jan-2017
Completion Date
23-Aug-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
01-december-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1870-18:2013
Lesnoobdelovalni stroji - Varnost - 5. del: Formatne žage (ISO 19085-5:2017)
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws (ISO 19085-5:2017)
Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5: Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO
19085-5:2017)
Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 5: Scies au format (ISO 19085-5:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ICS:
25.080.60 Strojne žage Sawing machines
79.120.10 Lesnoobdelovalni stroji Woodworking machines
SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110; 79.120.10 Supersedes EN 1870-18:2013
English Version
Woodworking machines - Safety - Part 5: Dimension saws
(ISO 19085-5:2017)

Machines à bois - Sécurité - Partie 5: Scies au format Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 5:

(ISO 19085-5:2017) Formatkreissägemaschinen (ISO 19085-5:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 September 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19085-5:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19085-5:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39 “Machine

tools” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 142 “Woodworking machines - Safety” the

secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2018, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1870-18:2013.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19085-5:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19085-5:2017 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request “M/396” to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of the new approach Machinery

Directive 2006/42.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2006/42/EC

Clause(s)/subclause(s) Remarks/
Essential Requirements (ERs) of Directive 2006/42/EC
of this EN Notes
1.1.2 Principles of safety integration
a) fitted for its function 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6,
5.7, 5.11, 5.13, 6.6, 6.7,
6.8, 7.12, 7.13, 8.3
b) eliminate or reduce the risks, give measures, inform Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
c) intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse Clause 5, 6, 7, 8
d) constraints in use 7.5, 8.3
e) equipment 6.1, 6.9, 7.9, 8.3
1.1.3 Materials and products 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 7.3
1.1.4 Lighting 7.6, 8.3
1.1.5 Design of machinery to facilitate its handling 5.2, 6.6, 7.5
1.1.6 Ergonomics 7.5
1.1.7 Operating position 5.2, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11, 5.13, 8.3
1.2.1 Safety and reliability of control systems 5.1, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11, 5.13,
6.5, 6.6, 7.8, 7.12
1.2.2 Control devices 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11,
5.13, 6.7.4.2, 8.3
1.2.3 Starting 5.2, 5.3, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11,
5.13, 6.7.4.2
1.2.4 Stopping 5.2, 5.4, 5.5, 5.8, 6.4.2
1.2.4.1 Normal stop 5.4.2
1.2.4.2 Operational stop 5.4.3
1.2.4.3 Emergency stop 5.4.4
1.2.5 Selection of control or operating mode 5.6
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
1.2.6 Failure of the power supply 5.8, 7.7, 7.8, 7.13
1.2.8 Software 5.1
1.3.1 Risk of loss of stability 6.1, 8.3
1.3.2 Risk of break-up during operation 6.2, 8.3
1.3.3 Risks due to falling or ejected objects 6.2, 6.3, 6.5
1.3.4 Risk due to surfaces, edges or angles 5.1
1.3.6 Risks relating to variations in the operating conditions 5.7, 5.11, 5.13
1.3.7 Risks related to moving parts 5.6, 5.11, 5.13, 6.7
1.3.8 Choice of protection against risks related to moving
6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, 6.6.4
parts
1.3.8.1 Moving transmission parts 6.6.3
1.3.8.2 Moving parts involved in the process 6.6.1, 6.6.2, 6.6.3, 6.6.4
1.3.9 Risk of uncontrolled movements 5.6, 5.11, 6.6.4, 6.8
1.4.1 General requirements 6.9.1, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 7.3
1.4.2.1 Fixed guards 6.5.1
1.4.2.2 Interlocking movable guards 6.5.2
1.4.2.3 Adjustable guards restricting access 6.2, 6.6, 6.7
1.5.1 Electricity supply 7.4, 7.13
1.5.2 Static electricity 7.11
1.5.3 Energy supply other than electricity 7.7, 7.8
1.5.4 Errors of fitting 7.12
1.5.6 Fire 7.1
1.5.8 Noise 7.2
1.5.11 External radiation 7.9
1.5.12 Laser equipment 7.10
1.5.13 Emission of hazardous materials and substances 7.3
1.6.1 Machinery maintenance 7.14
1.6.2 Access to operating position and servicing points 5.2, 6.7, 7.14
1.6.3 Isolation of energy sources 7.13
1.6.4 Operator intervention 5.2, 5.6, 5.7, 5.11, 6.7, 7.5,
7.14, 8.3
1.6.5 Cleaning of internal parts 7.3, 8.3
1.7.1 Information and warnings on the machinery 5.1, 6.3, 7.5, 8.3
1.7.2 Warning devices 8.1
1.7.3 Marking of machinery 8.2
1.7.4 Instructions 8.3
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
EN ISO 19085-5:2017 (E)
2.3 Machinery for working wood and analogous materials
a) guiding 6.10, 6.11
b) ejection 6.9
c) brake 5.5, 6.4
d) accidental tool contact 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 8.3

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19085-5
First edition
2017-07
Woodworking machines — Safety —
Part 5:
Dimension saws
Machines à bois — Sécurité —
Partie 5: Scies au format
Reference number
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 List of significant hazards ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Safety requirements and measures for controls ................................................................................................................. 6

5.1 Safety and reliability of control systems ........................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Control devices ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Start .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.4 Safe stops ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.2 Normal stop .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.3 Operational stop ............................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4.4 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.5 Braking function of tool spindles ............................................................................................................................................ 8

5.6 Mode selection ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.7 Spindle speed changing ................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.7.1 Spindle speed changing by changing belts on the pulleys ........................................................... 9

5.7.2 Spindle speed changing by incremental speed change motor ................................................. 9

5.7.3 Infinitely variable speed by frequency inverter .................................................................................... 9

5.8 Failure of any power supply ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.9 Manual reset control .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.10 Enabling control ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.11 Machine moving part speed monitoring ........................................................................................................................... 9

5.12 Time delay ................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.13 Power-operated adjustment of the saw blades and/or fences ...................................................................10

6 Safety requirements and measures for protection against mechanical hazards ...........................10

6.1 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.1 Stationary machines ..................................................................................................................................................10

6.1.2 Displaceable machines ............................................................................................................................................11

6.2 Risk of break-up during operation ......................................................................................................................................11

6.3 Tool holder and tool design.......................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Spindle locking ...............................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.3 Circular saw blade fixing device ......................................................................................................................11

6.3.4 Flange dimension for circular saw blades ..............................................................................................11

6.3.5 Fixing device for milling tools ...........................................................................................................................11

6.4 Braking ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4.1 Braking of tool spindles ..........................................................................................................................................12

6.4.2 Maximum run-down time .....................................................................................................................................12

6.4.3 Brake release ....................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Safeguards ................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.1 Fixed guards ......................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.2 Interlocking movable guards..............................................................................................................................13

6.5.3 Hold-to-run control ....................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.4 Two-hand control .........................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.5 Electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) .................................................................................13

6.5.6 Pressure-sensitive protective equipment (PSPE).............................................................................13

6.6 Prevention of access to moving parts ...............................................................................................................................13

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6.2 Guarding of tools ...........................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19085-5:2017
ISO 19085-5:2017(E)

6.6.3 Guarding of drives .......................................................................................................................................................20

6.6.4 Guarding of shearing and/or crushing zones ......................................................................................20

6.7 Impact hazard .......................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.8 Clamping devices ...............................................................................................................................................................................21

6.9 Measures against ejection ..........................................................................................................................................................21

6.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.9.2 Guards materials and characteristics..........................................................................................................21

6.9.3 Anti-kickback devices ...............................................................................................................................................22

6.10 Work-piece supports and guides ..........................................................................................................................................25

6.10.1 Rip fence ...............................................................................................................................................................................25

6.10.2 Cross-cut fence ...............................................................................................................................................................27

6.10.3 Work piece clamping shoe ....................................................................................................................................28

6.10.4 Machine table ...................................................................... .............................................................................................28

6.10.5 Extension table ...............................................................................................................................................................28

6.10.6 Sliding table .......................................................................................................................................................................28

6.11 Safety appliances ................................................................................................................................................................................29

7 Safety requirements and measures for protection against other hazards ...........................................31

7.1 Fire ......... .........................................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.2 Noise .............................................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.2.1 Noise reduction at the design stage .............................................................................................................31

7.2.2 Noise emission measurement ...........................................................................................................................31

7.3 Emission of chips and dust ........................................................................................................................................................32

7.4 Electricity ..................................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.4.2 Displaceable machines ............................................................................................................................................32

7.5 Ergonomics and handling ...........................................................................................................................................................32

7.6 Lighting .......................................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.7 Pneumatics ..............................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.8 Hydraulics ................................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.9 Electromagnetic compatibility ...............................................................................................................................................33

7.10 Laser ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.11 Static electricity ...................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.12 Errors of fitting ....................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.13 Isolation .....................................................................................................................................................................................................33

7.14 Maintenance ...........................................................................................................................................................................................33

8 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.1 Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................33

8.2.2 Additional markings ..................................................................................................................................................33

8.3 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................34

8.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.3.2 Additional information ............................................................................................................................................34

Annex A (informative) Performance level required ..........................................................................................................................37

Annex B (normative) Test for braking function .....................................................................................................................................39

Annex C (normative) Stability test for displaceable machines ..............................................................................................40

Annex D (normative) Impact test for guards ............................................................................................................................................42

Annex E (normative) Noise emission measurement for machines not in ISO 7960 ........................................43

Annex F (normative) Riving knife longitudinal and lateral rigidity tests ...................................................................44

Annex G (normative) Minimum dimensions of machine table and extension table ........................................46

Annex H (normative) Saw blade guard rigidity test ..........................................................................................................................47

Bibliography ......................................................................................................

...

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