Railway applications - Power converters installed on board rolling stock - Part 1: Characteristics and test methods

IEC 61287-1:2014 defines terminology, service conditions, general characteristics and test methods of electronic power converters onboard of rolling stock. This International Standard is applicable to power electronic converters mounted on board railway rolling-stock and intended for supplying traction circuits; auxiliary circuits of power vehicles, coaches and trailers. This edition includes the following main technical changes with regard to the previous edition: it includes updates as necessary in order to meet the current technical state of the art and to improve clarity. It also takes into account generic railway standards as relevant parts of IEC 62497 and IEC 62498.

Bahnanwendungen - Stromrichter auf Bahnfahrzeugen - Teil 1: Eigenschaften und Prüfverfahren

Applications ferroviaires - Convertisseurs de puissance embarqués sur le matériel roulant - Partie 1: Caractéristiques et méthodes d'essais

L'IEC 61287-1:2014 définit la terminologie, les conditions de service, les caractéristiques générales et les méthodes d'essais des convertisseurs électroniques de puissance embarqués sur le matériel roulant. La présente Norme internationale est applicable aux convertisseurs électroniques de puissance, embarqués sur le matériel roulant ferroviaire et destinés à alimenter les circuits de traction; les circuits auxiliaires des matériels moteurs, des véhicules et des remorques. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: elle inclut des mises à jour nécessaires par rapport à l'état actuel de la technique et qui améliorent la clarté. Elle prend aussi en compte des normes génériques sur le matériel ferroviaire comme les parties concernées des séries IEC 62497 et IEC 62498.

Železniške naprave - Močnostni pretvorniki na železniških vozilih - 1. del: Karakteristike in preskusne metode (IEC 61287-1:2014)

Standard EN IEC 61287-1 določa terminologijo, pogoje obratovanja, splošne karakteristike in preskusne metode elektronskih močnostnih pretvornikov na železniških vozilih. Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za elektronske močnostne pretvornike na železniških vozilih, ki so namenjeni napajanju – vlečnih tokokrogov; – pomožnih tokokrogov vlečnih vozil, potniških vagonov in vlečenih vozil. Uporaba tega standarda se v čim večjem obsegu nanaša na vsa druga vlečna vozila, tudi na primer na trolejbuse. Ta standard obravnava celotni pretvorniški sestav skupaj z njegovimi montažnimi elementi, ki zajemajo – sestave polprevodniških naprav; – integrirane hladilne sisteme; – integrirane komponente, kot so induktivniki, kondenzatorji, transformatorji, upori, stikala; – polprevodniške pogonske enote (SDU) in povezane senzorje; – vgrajene zaščitne tokokroge. Obravnavane so naslednje vrste virov napajanja: – izmenični kontaktni vodniki, – enosmerni kontaktni vodniki, – pripomočki v vozilu, kot so generatorji, akumulatorji in drugi električni viri napajanja. Ta standard izključuje pretvornike, ki zagotavljajo elektronsko kontrolno napajanje za polprevodniške pogonske enote (SDU) in druge pripomočke, primerne za delovanje pretvornikov, kot so senzorji.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
04-Sep-2014
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
05-Sep-2014
Completion Date
05-Sep-2014

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
01-november-2014
äHOH]QLãNHQDSUDYH0RþQRVWQLSUHWYRUQLNLQDåHOH]QLãNLKYR]LOLKGHO
.DUDNWHULVWLNHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH ,(&

Railway applications - Power convertors installed on board rolling stock - Part 1:

Characteristics and test methods
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61287-1:2014
ICS:
29.200 8VPHUQLNL3UHWYRUQLNL Rectifiers. Convertors.
6WDELOL]LUDQRHOHNWULþQR Stabilized power supply
QDSDMDQMH
45.060.01 Železniška vozila na splošno Railway rolling stock in
general
SIST EN 61287-1:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 61287-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2014
ICS 45.060 Supersedes EN 61287-1:2006
English Version
Railway applications - Power converters installed on board
rolling stock - Part 1: Characteristics and test methods
(IEC 61287-1:2014)

Applications ferroviaires - Convertisseurs de puissance Bahnanwendungen - Stromrichter auf Bahnfahrzeugen -

embarqués sur le matériel roulant - Partie 1: Teil 1: Eigenschaften und Prüfverfahren

Caractéristiques et méthodes (IEC 61287-1:2014)
(CEI 61287-1:2014)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2014-08-14. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 61287-1:2014 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
EN 61287-1:2014 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 9/1918/FDIS, future edition 3 of IEC 61287-1, prepared by IEC/TC 9 "Electrical

equipment and systems for railways" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved

by CENELEC as EN 61287-1:2014.
The following dates are fixed:
– latest date by which the document has to be implemented at (dop) 2015-05-14
national level by publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting with (dow) 2017-08-14
the document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 61287-1:2006.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61287-1:2014 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60112 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60112.
IEC 60146-1-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60146-1-1.
IEC 60216 NOTE Harmonized in EN 60216 series (not modified).
IEC 60384-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60384-1.
IEC 60587 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60587.
IEC 60664-1:2007 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60664-1:2007 (not modified).
IEC 60747-15 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60747-15.
IEC 61377-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61377-1.
IEC 61377-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61377-2.
IEC 61377-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61377-3.
IEC 62520 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62520.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
- 3 - EN 61287-1:2014
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod),

the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is

available here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-551 1998 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Part 551: Power electronics
IEC 60050-811 1991 International electrotechnical vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Chapter 811: Electric traction
IEC 60076-10 2001 Power transformers - EN 60076-10 2001
Part 10: Determination of sound levels

IEC 60077-1 (mod) 1999 Railway applications - Electric equipment EN 60077-1 2002

for rolling stock -
Part 1: General service conditions and
general rules
IEC 60270 - High-voltage test techniques - EN 60270 -
Partial discharge measurements
IEC 60310 - Railway applications - Traction EN 60310 -
transformers and inductors on board
rolling stock
IEC 60322 - Railway applications - Electric equipment EN 60322 -
for rolling stock - Rules for power resistors
of open construction
IEC 60349-1 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical EN 60349-1 -
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 1: Machines other than electronic
converter-fed alternating current motors
IEC 60349-2 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical EN 60349-2 -
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 2: Electronic converter-fed alternating
current motors
IEC 60349-4 - Electric traction - Rotating electrical EN 60349-4 -
machines for rail and road vehicles -
Part 4: Permanent magnet synchronous
electrical machines connected to an
electronic converter
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
EN 61287-1:2014 - 4 -
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60384-4 - Fixed capacitors for use in electronic EN 60384-4 -
equipment -
Part 4: Sectional specification - Aluminium
electrolytic capacitors with solid (MnO )
and non-solid electrolyte
IEC 60529 - Degrees of protection provided by EN 60529 -
enclosures (IP Code)
IEC 60571 - Railway applications - Electronic - -
equipment used on rolling stock
IEC 60721-3-5 - Classification of environmental conditions - EN 60721-3-5 -
Part 3: Classification of groups of
environmental parameters and their
severities -
Section 5: Ground vehicle installations
IEC 60747 series Semiconductor devices EN 60747 series
IEC 60850 - Railway applications - Supply voltages of - -
traction systems
IEC 61148 - Terminal markings for valve device stacks EN 61148 -
and assemblies and for power conversion
equipment
IEC 61373 - Railway applications - Rolling stock EN 61373 -
equipment - Shock and vibration tests
IEC 61881 series Railway applications - Rolling stock EN 61881 series
equipment - Capacitors for power
electronics
IEC 61991 - Railway applications - Rolling stock - - -
Protective provisions against electrical
hazards
IEC 62236-3-1 - Railway applications - Electromagnetic - -
compatibility -
Part 3-1: Rolling stock - Train and
complete vehicle
IEC 62236-3-2 - Railway applications - Electromagnetic - -
compatibility -
Part 3-2: Rolling stock - Apparatus
IEC 62278 - Railway applications - Specification and - -
demonstration of reliability, availability,
maintainability and safety (RAMS)
IEC 62497-1 2010 Railway applications - Insulation - -
+ A1 2013 coordination -
Part 1: Basic requirements - Clearances
and creepage distances for all electrical
and electronic equipment
IEC 62498-1 2010 Railway applications - Environmental - -
conditions for equipment -
Part 1: Equipment on board rolling stock
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
IEC 61287-1
Edition 3.0 2014-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Railway applications – Power converters installed on board rolling stock –
Part 1: Characteristics and test methods
Applications ferroviaires – Convertisseurs de puissance embarqués sur
le matériel roulant –
Partie 1: Caractéristiques et méthodes d'essais
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX XA
ICS 45.060 ISBN 978-2-8322-1658-3

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
– 2 – IEC 61287-1:2014 © IEC 2014
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 9

3.1 General ................................................................................................................... 9

3.2 Terms and definitions related to equipment ............................................................. 9

3.3 Terms and definitions related to electrical parameters ........................................... 11

4 Common clauses ........................................................................................................... 12

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 12

4.1.1 Design ........................................................................................................... 12

4.1.2 Marking ......................................................................................................... 12

4.1.3 Technical documentation ............................................................................... 12

4.1.4 Reliability, availability, maintainability and safety ............................................ 13

4.1.5 Useful lifetime ................................................................................................ 14

4.2 Service conditions ................................................................................................. 14

4.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 14

4.2.2 Altitude .......................................................................................................... 14

4.2.3 Temperature .................................................................................................. 14

4.2.4 Other environmental conditions ...................................................................... 15

4.2.5 Mechanical stress .......................................................................................... 15

4.2.6 Load profile .................................................................................................... 15

4.2.7 Supply-system characteristics ........................................................................ 16

4.2.8 Interference ................................................................................................... 17

4.2.9 Input current limitations .................................................................................. 18

4.2.10 Influence on the environment ......................................................................... 18

4.3 Characteristics ...................................................................................................... 19

4.3.1 Characteristics of components ....................................................................... 19

4.3.2 Characteristics of semiconductor devices ....................................................... 19

4.3.3 Characteristics of transformers, reactors and capacitors ................................ 19

4.3.4 Characteristics of converters .......................................................................... 20

4.4 Technical requirements ......................................................................................... 22

4.4.1 Insulation co-ordination .................................................................................. 22

4.4.2 EMC requirements for converters ................................................................... 22

4.4.3 Fault effects ................................................................................................... 23

4.5 Tests .................................................................................................................... 23

4.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 23

4.5.2 Converter tests .............................................................................................. 24

4.5.3 Description of tests ........................................................................................ 27

4.5.4 Failure of components during type tests ......................................................... 36

5 Direct traction converters ............................................................................................... 36

5.1 Line-commutated converters for DC motors ........................................................... 36

5.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 36

5.1.2 Characteristics ............................................................................................... 36

5.1.3 Tests ............................................................................................................. 37

5.2 Choppers for DC motors ........................................................................................ 40

5.2.1 Characteristics ............................................................................................... 40

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SIST EN 61287-1:2014
IEC 61287-1:2014 © IEC 2014 – 3 –

5.2.2 Tests ............................................................................................................. 41

5.3 Multiphase converters for AC motors (inverters) .................................................... 43

5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 43

5.3.2 Characteristics ............................................................................................... 43

5.3.3 Tests ............................................................................................................. 44

6 Indirect traction converters ............................................................................................. 44

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 44

6.2 Line converter ....................................................................................................... 44

6.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 44

6.2.2 Characteristics ............................................................................................... 45

6.2.3 Tests ............................................................................................................. 45

6.3 Motor converter ..................................................................................................... 46

6.3.1 Motor converter for DC motors (chopper or rectifier) ....................................... 46

6.3.2 Motor converter for AC motors (inverter) ........................................................ 46

7 Auxiliary converters ....................................................................................................... 46

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 46

7.2 Characteristics ...................................................................................................... 46

7.2.1 Auxiliary converter starting conditions ............................................................ 46

7.2.2 Input conditions and characteristics ................................................................ 47

7.2.3 Output characteristics .................................................................................... 47

7.3 Short-circuit protection .......................................................................................... 48

7.4 Choice of rated insulation voltage .......................................................................... 48

7.5 Tests .................................................................................................................... 49

7.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 49

7.5.2 Output characteristics test.............................................................................. 49

7.5.3 Starting and restarting test ............................................................................. 50

7.5.4 Short-circuit test ............................................................................................ 50

7.5.5 Voltage and frequency ranges verification ...................................................... 50

7.5.6 Overload capability test .................................................................................. 50

7.5.7 Temperature rise test ..................................................................................... 51

7.5.8 Load break test .............................................................................................. 51

8 Semiconductor drive units (SDU) ................................................................................... 51

8.1 Equivalent expressions .......................................................................................... 51

8.2 Printed circuit board assemblies ............................................................................ 52

8.3 Function of the SDU .............................................................................................. 52

8.4 Particular requirements for the SDU ...................................................................... 52

8.5 Service conditions ................................................................................................. 52

8.6 Insulation requirements for the SDU ...................................................................... 52

8.7 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements ........................................................... 52

8.8 Tests of the SDU ................................................................................................... 52

Annex A (normative) Arrangement of basic circuit diagrams ................................................. 54

Annex B (informative) Recapitulation of agreements between the manufacturer and the

user ...................................................................................................................................... 55

Annex C (informative) Guidelines for magnetic field and induced voltage requirements ......... 58

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 59

Figure 1 – Partial discharge test – Voltage versus time .......................................................... 26

Figure 2 – Configuration of series motors .............................................................................. 39

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SIST EN 61287-1:2014
– 4 – IEC 61287-1:2014 © IEC 2014

Figure A.1 – Examples of combinations ................................................................................. 54

Table 1 – General classes of start-up load characteristics ..................................................... 15

Table 2 – Classes of acoustic noise ...................................................................................... 19

Table 3 – List of tests ............................................................................................................ 27

Table 4 – Additional tests for direct traction converters .......................................................... 38

Table 5 – Additional tests for choppers for DC motors ........................................................... 41

Table 6 – Additional tests for auxiliary converters .................................................................. 49

Table B.1 – Recapitulation of agreements between the manufacturer and the user ............... 55

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SIST EN 61287-1:2014
IEC 61287-1:2014 © IEC 2014 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
RAILWAY APPLICATIONS –
POWER CONVERTERS INSTALLED
ON BOARD ROLLING STOCK –
Part 1: Characteristics and test methods
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61287-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 9: Electrical

equipment and systems for railways.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2005. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following main technical changes with regard to the previous edition: it

includes updates as necessary in order to meet the current technical state of the art and to

improve clarity. It also takes into account generic railway standards as relevant parts of

IEC 62497 and IEC 62498. Especially the clauses considering temperature rise test and

auxiliary converter characteristics have been revised.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
– 6 – IEC 61287-1:2014 © IEC 2014
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
9/1918/FDIS 9/1946/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts of IEC series 61287, under the general title Railway applications – Power

converters installed on board rolling stock, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 61287-1:2014
IEC 61287-1:2014 © IEC 2014 – 7 –
RAILWAY APPLICATIONS –
POWER CONVERTERS INSTALLED
ON BOARD ROLLING STOCK –
Part 1: Characteristics and test methods
1 Scope

This part of IEC 61287 defines terminology, service conditions, general characteristics and test

methods of electronic power converters onboard of rolling stock.

This International Standard is applicable to power electronic converters mounted on board

railway rolling-stock and intended for supplying
– traction circuits;
– auxiliary circuits of power vehicles, coaches and trailers.

The application of this standard extends as far as possible to all other traction vehicles,

including trolley-buses, for example.

This standard covers the complete converter assembly together with its mounting arrange-

ments containing
– semiconductor device assemblies;
– integrated cooling systems;

– integrated components like inductors, capacitors, transformers, resistors, contactors,

switches;
– semiconductor drive units (SDU) and related sensors;
– incorporated protection circuits.
The following types of power sources are taken into consideration:
– AC contact lines,
– DC contact lines,

– on-board supplies such as generators, batteries and other electric power sources.

This standard excludes converters which provide the electronic control supply for

semiconductor drive units (SDU) and other supplies relevant to the converter operation such as

sensors.

NOTE 1 Electronic control equipment of converters and those sensors not related to semiconductor drive units

and the printed circuit board assemblies of semiconductor drive units (SDU) are covered by IEC 60571.

NOTE 2 Combined tests with the whole traction system or auxiliary supply system are not within the scope of

this standard. E.g. rules for combined tests of a motor fed by a converter are given in the IEC 61377 series.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.
---------------------- Page: 13 --------------------
...

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