High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 215: Phase comparator used with VDIS

IEC 62271-215:2021 is applicable to phase comparators designed to be plugged into the testing points of a voltage detecting and indicating system (VDIS) according to IEC 62271-213, to give an indication of the result of a phase comparison.
The main usage is to provide a clear evidence of the phase relationship between two energized parts of a high-voltage network, at the same nominal voltage and frequency before coupling them.
This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61243-5 published in 1997 and the first edition of IEC 62271-206 published in 2011. This edition constitutes a merging of the content of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous editions of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206:  
the document does not include the specific phase comparators (SPCs) as defined in IEC 61243-5, which was specific to manufacturers, and takes back the technical principles of the universal phase comparator (UPC) for VDIS of all manufacturers;
the phase comparator for sequential connected operation is introduced to facilitate the operation of phase comparation of large MV panels.

Appareillage à haute tension - Partie 215: Comparateur de phase utilisé avec un VDIS

L’IEC 62271-215:2021 s’applique aux comparateurs de phase conçus pour être enfichés dans les points de contrôle d’un système détecteur et indicateur de tension (VDIS), conformément à l’IEC 62271-213, pour donner une indication du résultat d’une comparaison de phase.
La principale utilisation est de fournir une preuve indiscutable de la concordance de phase entre deux parties actives d’un réseau à haute tension, qui sont à la même tension nominale et la même fréquence nominale, avant de les coupler.
Cette première édition annule et remplace la première édition de l’IEC 61243-5 parue en 1997 et la première édition de l’IEC 62271-206 parue en 2011. Cette édition est issue de la fusion de l’IEC 61243-5 et de l’IEC 62271-206.
Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport aux éditions précédentes de l’IEC 61243-5 et l’IEC 62271-206:  
le document n’inclut pas les comparateurs de phase spécifiques (SPC- specific phase comparator) définis dans l’IEC 61243-5, qui étaient spécifiques aux constructeurs, et reprend les principes techniques du comparateur de phase universel (UPC – universal phase comparator) pour les VIDS de tous les constructeurs;
le comparateur de phase pour un fonctionnement à raccordement séquentiel est instauré afin de faciliter la mise en œuvre de la comparaison de phase des grands panneaux MT.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Jun-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
29-Jun-2021
Ref Project

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IEC 62271-215
Edition 1.0 2021-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
High-voltage switchgear and controlgear –
Part 215: Phase comparator used with VDIS
Appareillage à haute tension –
Partie 215: Comparateur de phase utilisé avec un VDIS
IEC 62271-215:2021-06(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 62271-215
Edition 1.0 2021-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
High-voltage switchgear and controlgear –
Part 215: Phase comparator used with VDIS
Appareillage à haute tension –
Partie 215: Comparateur de phase utilisé avec un VDIS
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 13.260; 29.130.10; 29.240.20 ISBN 978-2-8322-9892-3

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---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 6

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 9

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 10

4 Normal and special service conditions ........................................................................... 13

4.1 Normal service conditions ..................................................................................... 13

4.2 Special service conditions ..................................................................................... 13

5 Ratings .......................................................................................................................... 13

6 Design and construction ................................................................................................ 13

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 13

6.2 Parts of phase comparator .................................................................................... 13

6.3 Phase comparator description ............................................................................... 14

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 14

6.3.2 Phase comparator for simultaneous connected operation .............................. 14

6.3.3 Phase comparator for sequential connected operation ................................... 15

6.4 Connection to VDIS .............................................................................................. 15

6.5 Indication and perceptibility .................................................................................. 16

6.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

6.5.2 Phase comparator providing only one active signal ........................................ 17

6.5.3 Phase comparator providing two or more active signals ................................. 17

6.5.4 Indication of phase comparator with built-in power supply .............................. 17

6.5.5 Indication of sequential phase comparators ................................................... 17

6.5.6 Response time of indication ........................................................................... 17

6.5.7 Perceptibility .................................................................................................. 18

6.6 Phase comparator with built-in power supply ........................................................ 18

6.7 Testing element .................................................................................................... 18

6.8 Additional functions............................................................................................... 18

6.9 Probes .................................................................................................................. 18

6.10 Settings ................................................................................................................ 19

6.11 Tolerance of rated frequency ................................................................................ 20

6.12 Frequency shift of phase comparators with sequential operation ........................... 20

6.13 Degree of protection (IP code) .............................................................................. 20

6.14 Climatic requirements ........................................................................................... 20

6.14.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

6.14.2 Temperature .................................................................................................. 20

6.14.3 Composite temperature/humidity ................................................................... 20

6.15 Mechanical requirements ...................................................................................... 20

6.15.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

6.15.2 Assembly ....................................................................................................... 20

6.15.3 Vibrations ...................................................................................................... 20

6.15.4 Mechanical impact (IK code) .......................................................................... 21

6.15.5 Fall ................................................................................................................ 21

6.16 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................ 21

6.16.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

6.16.2 Electrostatic discharge .................................................................................. 21

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021 – 3 –

6.16.3 Immunity against radiated electromagnetic fields ........................................... 21

6.17 Dielectric strength ................................................................................................. 21

6.17.1 General ......................................................................................................... 21

6.17.2 Lightning impulse withstand voltage............................................................... 21

6.17.3 Power-frequency withstand voltage ............................................................... 21

6.17.4 Insulation withstand voltage ........................................................................... 22

6.18 Marking ................................................................................................................. 22

7 Type tests ..................................................................................................................... 22

7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 22

7.1.1 Information to be included in the type test report ........................................... 22

7.1.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................. 22

7.1.3 List of tests .................................................................................................... 23

7.2 Test values ........................................................................................................... 24

7.3 Inspection ............................................................................................................. 24

7.4 Dielectric tests ...................................................................................................... 24

7.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 24

7.4.2 Lightning impulse voltage test........................................................................ 24

7.4.3 Power-frequency voltage test ........................................................................ 25

7.4.4 Voltage withstand test of the phase comparator ............................................. 25

7.5 Indication and perceptibility .................................................................................. 25

7.5.1 Test set-up and procedure for clear indication ............................................... 25

7.5.2 Test for correct phase relationship ................................................................. 26

7.5.3 Test for incorrect phase relationship .............................................................. 27

7.5.4 Absence of voltage on one VDIS ................................................................... 27

7.5.5 Absence of voltage on both VDIS .................................................................. 27

7.5.6 Test of impedance of the phase comparator .................................................. 27

7.6 Test for maximum phase rotation .......................................................................... 28

7.6.1 Test set-up for maximum phase rotation with capacitive coupling

element ......................................................................................................... 28

7.6.2 Test set-up for maximum phase rotation with resistive coupling element ........ 28

7.6.3 Test result for maximum phase rotation ......................................................... 29

7.7 Tolerance of rated frequency ................................................................................ 29

7.7.1 Test set-up .................................................................................................... 29

7.7.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 30

7.8 Frequency shift for sequential operation phase comparator................................... 30

7.8.1 Test set-up .................................................................................................... 30

7.8.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 30

7.9 Response time ...................................................................................................... 30

7.9.1 Test set-up .................................................................................................... 30

7.9.2 Procedure ...................................................................................................... 31

7.10 Clear perceptibility of visual indication .................................................................. 31

7.10.1 General ......................................................................................................... 31

7.10.2 Test set-up .................................................................................................... 31

7.10.3 Procedure ...................................................................................................... 32

7.11 Test for frequency selection (where relevant) ........................................................ 32

7.12 Temperature dependence of indication ................................................................. 32

7.13 Composite temperature/humidity cyclic test .......................................................... 33

7.14 Degree of protection (IP code) .............................................................................. 33

7.15 Vibrations ............................................................................................................. 33

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021

7.16 Mechanical impact (IK code) ................................................................................. 33

7.17 Fall ....................................................................................................................... 33

7.18 Electrostatic discharge .......................................................................................... 33

7.19 Radiated electromagnetic fields ............................................................................ 34

7.20 Phase comparator when built-in power supply is exhausted .................................. 34

7.20.1 Preparation .................................................................................................... 34

7.20.2 Operation ...................................................................................................... 34

7.21 Efficiency of testing element ................................................................................. 34

7.21.1 Preparation .................................................................................................... 34

7.21.2 Operation ...................................................................................................... 34

7.22 Durability of marking ............................................................................................. 35

8 Routine tests ................................................................................................................. 35

9 Guide to the selection of phase comparator (informative) .............................................. 35

10 Information to be given with enquiries, tenders and orders (informative) ........................ 35

10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 35

10.2 Information with enquiries and orders ................................................................... 35

10.3 Information with tenders ........................................................................................ 36

11 Transport, storage, installation, operation, maintenance and instructions for use ........... 36

11.1 General ................................................................................................................. 36

11.2 Instructions for use ............................................................................................... 36

11.3 Maintenance ......................................................................................................... 37

11.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 37

11.3.2 Maintenance period ....................................................................................... 37

11.3.3 Maintenance by testing .................................................................................. 37

12 Safety ............................................................................................................................ 37

13 Influence of the phase comparator on the environment .................................................. 37

Annex A (informative) Example of design ............................................................................. 38

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 38

A.2 Wireless connection .............................................................................................. 38

Annex B (informative) Example of use ................................................................................. 39

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 40

Figure 1 – Example of typical structure of simultaneous operating phase comparator ........... 14

Figure 2 – Simultaneous connected operation with two earth connections ............................ 14

Figure 3 – Simultaneous connected operation with one earth connection .............................. 15

Figure 4 – Example of typical structure of sequential operating phase comparator ................ 15

Figure 5 – Sequential connected operation ........................................................................... 15

Figure 6 – Classes of phase comparators with only positive angle values shown .................. 16

Figure 7 – Plug size and design without insulation shield ...................................................... 19

Figure 8 – Plug size and design with insulation shield ........................................................... 19

Figure 9 – Connection of test set-up for clear indication ........................................................ 26

Figure 10 – Connection of test set-up for clear indication for sequential operation ................ 26

Figure 11 – Connection of test set-up for phase rotation ....................................................... 28

Figure 12 – Connection of test set-up for phase rotation for sequential operation ................. 28

Figure 13 – Connection of test set-up for phase rotation ....................................................... 29

Figure 14 – Connection of test set-up for phase rotation for sequential operation ................. 29

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021 – 5 –

Figure 15 – Test set-up for perceptibility of visual indication ................................................. 32

Figure A.1 – Phase comparator with a wireless connection ................................................... 38

Table 1 – Sequence of type tests .......................................................................................... 23

Table 2 – List of type tests without sequence ........................................................................ 24

Table 3 – List of routine tests ................................................................................................ 35

Table B.1 – Results and conclusions of a cable checking...................................................... 39

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR –
Part 215: Phase comparator used with VDIS
FOREWORD

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International Standard IEC 62271-215 has been prepared by sub-committee SC17C:

Assemblies, of IEC technical committee 17: High-voltage switchgear and controlgear in liaison

with IEC TC 78: Live working.

This first edition cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC 61243-5 published in 1997 and

the first edition of IEC 62271-206 published in 2011. This edition constitutes a merging of the

content of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

editions of IEC 61243-5 and IEC 62271-206:

a) the document does not include the specific phase comparators (SPCs) as defined in

IEC 61243-5, which was specific to manufacturers, and takes back the technical principles

of the universal phase comparator (UPC) for VDIS of all manufacturers;

b) the phase comparator for sequential connected operation is introduced to facilitate the

operation of phase comparation of large MV panels.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021 – 7 –
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
17C/788/FDIS 17C/795/RVD

Full information on the voting for its approval can be found in the report on voting indicated in

the above table.
The language used for the development of this International Standard is English.

This document was drafted in accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, and developed in

accordance with ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 and ISO/IEC Directives, IEC Supplement, available

at www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs. The main document types developed by IEC are

described in greater detail at www.iec.ch/standardsdev/publications.
This International Standard is to be used in conjunction with IEC 62271-13:2021.
In this document, the following print types are used:
• Terms defined in Clause 3: in italic type.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62271 series, published under the general title High-voltage

switchgear and controlgear, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under webstore.iec.ch in the data related to the

specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

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---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 62271-215:2021  IEC 2021
INTRODUCTION

This part of IEC 62271 has been prepared based on IEC 62271-1 and is linked to IEC 62271-

213 for its functionality.
The products
...

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