Rubber and rubber products -- Environmental aspects -- General guidelines for their inclusion in standards

ISO/TR 24699:2009 provides guidelines for inclusion of environmental aspects in standards for rubber and rubber products. It proposes an approach which is directed at minimizing any adverse environmental impact of the products under consideration without detracting from the primary purpose of ensuring their adequate fitness for use. It closely follows the guidelines laid down in ISO 17422, with certain modifications to make it applicable to rubber and rubber products. The guidance provided by ISO/TR 24699 is intended primarily for use by standards writers. Over and above its primary purpose, however, ISO/TR 24699 provides guidance of value to those involved in design work and other activities where the environmental aspects of rubber and rubber products are being considered. It promotes the use of renewable, recycled and recyclable materials when environmentally beneficial and includes guidance on compliance with legislation concerning the end-of-life treatment of rubber products and the management of restricted and prohibited substances.

Caoutchouc et produits à base de caoutchouc -- Aspects liés à l'environnement -- Lignes directrices générales pour leur prise en compte dans les normes

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Apr-2009
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
06-Apr-2009
Completion Date
16-Apr-2009
Ref Project

Buy Standard

Technical report
ISO/TR 24699:2009 - Rubber and rubber products -- Environmental aspects -- General guidelines for their inclusion in standards
English language
9 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 24699
First edition
2009-05-01
Rubber and rubber products —
Environmental aspects — General
guidelines for their inclusion in standards
Caoutchouc et produits à base de caoutchouc — Aspects liés
à l'environnement — Lignes directrices générales pour leur prise
en compte dans les normes
Reference number
ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
ISO 2009
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but

shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In

the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2009

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Inclusion of environmental aspects in standards ............................................................................. 3

4.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Test method standards ........................................................................................................................ 4

4.2.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2.2 Minimization of adverse environmental impact................................................................................. 4

4.2.3 Minimization of the use of materials and energy .............................................................................. 4

4.3 Product standards ................................................................................................................................ 5

4.3.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.3.2 Product functionality............................................................................................................................ 5

4.3.3 Environmental aspects in product standards ................................................................................... 5

4.3.4 Writers of standards............................................................................................................................. 5

Annex A (normative) Suggested wording of environmental statements for inclusion in standards........ 6

Annex B (normative) Potential environmental needs of standards users ................................................... 8

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In exceptional circumstances, when a technical committee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example), it may decide by a

simple majority vote of its participating members to publish a Technical Report. A Technical Report is entirely

informative in nature and does not have to be reviewed until the data it provides are considered to be no

longer valid or useful.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TR 24699 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 45, Rubber and rubber products.

iv © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
Rubber and rubber products — Environmental aspects —
General guidelines for their inclusion in standards
1 Scope

This Technical Report provides guidelines for inclusion of environmental aspects in standards for rubber and

rubber products. It proposes an approach which is directed at minimizing any adverse environmental impact of

the products under consideration without detracting from the primary purpose of ensuring their adequate

fitness for use. It closely follows the guidelines laid down in ISO 17422, with certain modifications to make it

applicable to rubber and rubber products.

The guidance provided by this Technical Report is intended primarily for use by standards writers. Over and

above its primary purpose, however, the Technical Report provides guidance of value to those involved in

design work and other activities where the environmental aspects of rubber and rubber products are being

considered. It promotes the use of renewable, recycled and recyclable materials when environmentally

beneficial and includes guidance on compliance with legislation concerning the end-of-life treatment of rubber

products and the management of restricted and prohibited substances.
NOTE This Technical Report is intended to promote the following practices:

a) the use of techniques for identifying and assessing the environmental impact of technical provisions in standards, and

for minimizing their adverse effects;
b) the adoption of good practices such as:

1) environmentally sound procedures for the harvesting and production of raw materials,

2) procedures for minimizing environmental pollution during the life cycle of the product,

3) material and energy conservation during the service life of the product,
4) ensuring safety in the use of hazardous substances,
5) the use of technically justifiable procedures,

6) encouraging the use of performance criteria, rather than exclusion clauses such as are based, for example, only

on chemical composition;

c) paying due regard during standards development to environmental impact, product function and performance, health

and safety, and regulatory requirements pertaining to end-of-life product disposal and the use of restricted

substances;

d) the regular review of existing standards in the light of technical innovations permitting improvement in the

environmental impact of products;

e) the application of life cycle analytical approaches wherever applicable and technically justifiable;

f) the use of both recyclable and recycled materials in the construction of rubber products when environmentally

beneficial and technically and economically justifiable;

g) the use of designs and constructions that facilitate the disassembly of rubber products for recycling at the end of their

service life when environmentally beneficial and technically and economically justifiable;

h) the use of materials derived from renewable and sustainable resources in rubber and rubber products when

environmentally beneficial and technically and economically justifiable.
© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO Guide 64, Guide for addressing environmental issues in product standards
ISO 1382, Rubber — Vocabulary
ISO 1629, Rubber and latices — Nomenclature

ISO 17422:2002, Plastics — Environmental aspects — General guidelines for their inclusion in standards

ISO 18064, Thermoplastic elastomers — Nomenclature and abbreviated terms
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
design

a creative activity that, based on expressed or implied needs, existing means and technological possibilities,

results in the definition of technical solutions for a product that can be commercially manufactured or

fabricated into prototypes
3.2
eco-profile

partial life cycle inventory analysis beginning at the raw-material extraction phase and ending at the point

where the rubber or rubber product (see 3.8) is ready for transfer to the next operator in the supply chain

(so-called cradle-to-gate analysis)
3.3
environmental aspect

element of an organization's activities or products or services that can interact with the environment

[ISO 14001:2004]
3.4
environmental impact

any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an

organization's environmental aspects
[ISO 14001:2004]
3.5
environmental provision

normative element of a standard that specifies measures for minimizing adverse environmental impact of a

test method, material or product
3.6
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation from

natural resources to the final disposal
[ISO 14040:2006]
2 © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TR 24699:2009(E)
3.7
life cycle assessment
LCA

compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and potential environmental impacts of a product system

throughout its life cycle
[ISO 14040:2006]
3.8
rubber or rubber product

any material or combination of materials, semi-finished product or finished product that is within the scope of

ISO/TC 45
3.9
test method standard

standard that describes in detail the method of test to be employed to determine specific properties or

performance characteristics of a material or product
3.10
product standard

standard that specifies requirements to be fulfilled by a product or group of products

3.11
renewable materials

materials that have been produced from a source, usually plant or animal biomass, that can be renewed by

short- to medium-term regeneration
3.12
recycled materials

materials that have been recovered, or otherwise diverted, from the waste stream, either from the

manufacturing process [i.e. post-industrial recycled materials, but not in-house scrap (see 3.13)] or after

consumer use (i.e. post-consumer recycled materials), and are reused in the manufacture of new products

3.13
in-house scrap

materials commonly reused by industry within the original manufacturing process as normal practice

NOTE In-house scrap is not recycled material.
3.14
recyclable material

material for which an economically and technically feasible recycling method exists

NOTE Such methods include segregation from the waste stream and subsequent processing.

4 Inclusion of environmental aspects in standards
4.1 General

In the preparation of International Standards, close co-ordination within and among the subcommittees and

working groups responsible for different rubbers, rubber products or processes is necessary in order to create

a coherent approach to the incorporation of environmental provisions. Appropriate co-ordination will ensure

that such activity on environmental provisions will neither retard nor inhibit the no

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.