This document specifies a test method which is intended to determine the fogging characteristics of rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics that are used as trim materials in the interior of motor vehicles. The method can also apply to fluid, pasty, powdered or solid raw materials which are the basis for such trim materials or from which the materials are manufactured. The method can also apply to other materials and finished products. The procedure is applicable to the measurement of fog condensate on glass surfaces within the limits of the test conditions. This test cannot measure accurately those cases in which: —   the surface tension of the condensate is low, resulting in early coalescing into a thin transparent film; —   the condensate is present in such a large quantity that the droplets coalesce and form a heavy oily/clear film (this heavy film gives false readings). In such cases, the gravimetric method is preferred.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the bursting strength of rubber or plastics coated fabrics, using a mechanically operated steel ball.

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This document specifies a test method for the determination of the bending force of rubber or plastics-coated fabrics.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the bursting strength of rubber - or plastics - coated fabrics, using one of two types of diaphragm bursting tester, designated type A and B, both operated by hydraulic pressure. The type A test machine is applicable to materials having bursting strengths ranging from 350 kPa to 5 500 kPa and the type B test machine is applicable to materials of bursting strengths ranging from 70 kPa to 1 400 kPa.

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This document specifies requirements for packaged sterile, or bulked non-sterile, rubber gloves intended for use in medical examinations and diagnostic or therapeutic procedures to protect the patient and the user from cross-contamination. It also covers rubber gloves intended for use in handling contaminated medical materials and gloves with smooth surfaces or with textured surfaces over all or part of the glove. This document is intended as a reference for the performance and safety of rubber examination gloves. It does not cover the safe and proper usage of examination gloves and sterilization procedures with subsequent handling, packaging and storage procedures.

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This document specifies general requirements and relevant test methods for rubber bands made of dry natural rubber used for general purposes such as for daily wrapping or packaging. This document is not applicable for cover rubber bands made of blend and synthetic rubbers. This document is not applicable for rubber bands used for engineering applications, for food contact, nor for medical uses.

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This document establishes guidelines for the specification of vulcanized rubber based on the properties of individual rubber types. This document helps users of rubber products, who are not rubber experts, to create a specification for the rubber materials they wish to use. It also describes a designation system to enable a line call-cut code to be devised for each specification. Since the properties of rubber depend on the type of rubber, such as composition, some rubbers are classified into several types and organized by hardness. Representative specifications for the following rubber types are given in Annexes B to M: natural rubber (NR), styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), nitrile rubber (NBR), hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR), nitrile rubber mixed with PVC (NBR/PVC), chloroprene rubber (CR), ethylene acrylic rubber (AEM), fluorocarbon rubber (FKM), silicone rubber (VMQ), epichlorohydrin rubber (ECO) and ethylene propylene rubber (EPM and EPDM). In cases of mixed rubber polymers, the main polymer in the rubber material gives the name of the rubber type.

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This document specifies the specification for ISO Class 4, ISO Class 5 and ISO Class 6 nitrile cleanroom gloves. It is applicable to cleanroom gloves made of acrylonitrile butadiene material.

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This document specifies, for flexible and rigid cellular polymeric materials, laboratory procedures which are intended to imitate the effects of naturally occurring reactions such as oxidation or hydrolysis by humidity. The physical properties of interest are measured before and after the application of the specified treatments. Test conditions are only given for open cellular latex, both open- and closed-cell polyurethane foams, and closed-cell polyolefin foams. Conditions for other materials will be added as required. The effect of the ageing procedures on any of the physical properties of the material can be examined, but those normally tested are either the elongation and tensile properties, or the compression or indentation hardness properties. These tests do not necessarily correlate either with service behaviour or with ageing by exposure to light. If desired, the ageing conditions contained in this document can be applied to composite structures containing any of the above types of cellular material. This can be helpful in the investigation of possible interactions between cellular materials and other substrates. Composite constructions can be in the form of complete finished products or representative small specimens cut there-from.

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This document specifies requirements for elastomeric materials used in seals for supply pipes and fittings, ancillaries and valves at operating temperatures in general from ?5 °C up to 50 °C and in special cases from ?15 °C up to 50 °C, for the following: a) general applications (see Table 4, type G series): — gaseous fuel [manufactured, natural and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in the gaseous phase], — hydrocarbon fluids with an aromatic content up to 30 % (by volume), including LPG in the liquid phase; b) special applications (see Table 4, type H): — materials suitable for carrying gaseous fuels containing gas condensates and hydrocarbon fluids of unrestricted aromatic content. General requirements for finished joint seals are also given; any additional requirements called for by the particular application are specified in the relevant product standards, taking into account that the performance of pipe joints is a function of the seal material properties, seal geometry and pipe joint design. This document is used where appropriate with product standards which specify performance requirements for joints. This document is applicable to joint seals for all pipeline materials, including iron, steel, copper and plastics. In the case of composite sealing rings, the requirements in 5.2.8 and 5.2.9 apply only when the materials used for any elastomeric parts come into contact with gaseous fuel or hydrocarbon fluid. Elongation at break, tensile strength, compression set and stress relaxation requirements for materials of hardness classes 80 and 90 apply only when they constitute that part of the seal which participates directly in the sealing function or contributes directly to long-term stability. This document is not applicable to the following: — seals made from cellular materials; — seals with enclosed voids as part of their design; — seals required to be resistant to flame or to thermal stress; — seals which contain splices joining pre-vulcanized profile ends.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for flexible polyurethane foams up to and including 20 mm thick intended for combination with suitable substrates such as non-woven, woven or knitted fabrics, to form a laminate. Three types of flexible polyurethane foam are specified as follows: — type 1: polyether; — type 2: polyester with minimum elongation at break of 200 %; — type 3: polyester with minimum elongation at break of 300 %.

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This document describes four methods of assessing the resistance of coated fabrics to deterioration by accelerated ageing.

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This document provides guidance on ISO 22762-3:2018. It includes examples of design calculations, and provides data on the characteristics obtained from all types of elastomeric isolators.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the flex resistance of rubber- or plastics‑coated fabrics in the folded condition. The test method is applicable only to products which can be clamped in the test apparatus used and to products with which the fold made in the test specimen can be caused to move back and forth along the specimen during the test. The appearance of the test specimen, after completion of either the flex number (see 3.1) or a specified number of flex cycles, is taken as a measure of the flex resistance in the folded condition.

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This document specifies minimum requirements and test methods for elastomeric seismic isolators used for buildings and the rubber material used in the manufacture of such isolators. It is applicable to elastomeric seismic isolators used to provide buildings with protection from earthquake damage. The isolators covered consist of alternate elastomeric layers and reinforcing steel plates. They are placed between a superstructure and its substructure to provide both flexibility for decoupling structural systems from ground motion, and damping capability to reduce displacement at the isolation interface and the transmission of energy from the ground into the structure at the isolation frequency.

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This document specifies minimum requirements and test methods for elastomeric seismic isolators used for bridges, as well as rubber material used in the manufacture of such isolators. It is applicable to elastomeric seismic isolators used to provide bridges with protection from earthquake damage. The isolators covered consist of alternate elastomeric layers and reinforcing steel plates, which are placed between a superstructure and its substructure to provide both flexibility for decoupling structural systems from ground motion and damping capability to reduce displacement at the isolation interface and the transmission of energy from the ground into the structure at the isolation frequency.

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This document specifies the test methods for determination of a) the properties of the rubber material used to manufacture the elastomeric seismic isolators, and b) the characteristics of elastomeric seismic isolators. It is applicable to elastomeric seismic isolators used to provide buildings or bridges with protection from earthquake damage. The isolators covered consist of alternate elastomeric layers and reinforcing steel plates which are placed between a superstructure and its substructure to provide both flexibility for decoupling structural systems from ground motion, and damping capability to reduce displacement at the isolation interface and the transmission of energy from the ground into the structure at the isolation frequency.

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This document specifies two methods for the determination of the tear strength of flexible cellular polymeric materials: — method A, using a trouser test piece; — method B, using an angle test piece without a nick.

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This document specifies a method for determining the resilience by ball rebound of flexible cellular polymeric materials.

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This document specifies three methods for determining the compression set of flexible cellular materials. This document applies to latex and polyurethane foams of thickness greater than 2 mm.

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ISO 9631:2018 specifies material requirements for vulcanized rubber seals for hot drinking and non-drinking water supply (up to 110 °C). The different seal designations specified are defined according to seal type, seal application and the requirements for a particular seal (see Table 2). General requirements for finished joint seals are also given. Any additional requirements called for by the particular application are specified in the relevant product standards, taking into account that the performance of pipe joints is a function of the seal material properties, seal geometry and pipe joint design. This document is intended to be used where appropriate, in conjunction with product standards which specify performance requirements for joints. ISO 9631:2018 is applicable to joint seals for use with all pipeline materials, including metals, clay, fibre cement, concrete, reinforced concrete, plastics and glass-reinforced plastics. ISO 9631:2018 is applicable to elastomeric components of composite and non-composite seals. In the case of composite seals made from materials with hardness ranging from 76 IRHD to 95 IRHD, the requirements for elongation at break, compression set and stress relaxation apply only when the material participates in the sealing function or contributes to the long-term stability of the seal. The material requirements specified in this document are designed for long term performances and a potential lifetime of 50 years. The lifetime of a sealing depends not only on material performance but also on other parameters which are not defined in this document like the mounting design, the quality of assembly and the combination with operating conditions. Joint rings made from cellular rubber materials are not covered by this document.

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ISO 20057 specifies the general requirements and relevant test methods for gloves made of natural rubber latex or synthetic rubber latex or blends of natural rubber and synthetic rubber lattices intended for household use. ISO 20057 is intended to serve as a guide to obtain gloves of consistent performance. It does not cover safe and proper application of the gloves with subsequent handling, packaging and storage procedures.

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ISO 2411:2017 specifies a method of determining the coating adhesion strength of coated fabrics.

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ISO 2321:2017 specifies methods of test for determining general physical and mechanical properties of rubber threads, as well as specific mechanical properties of such threads in contact with fabrics. Owing to the comparatively small cross-section and the unusual conditions of service of this material, certain special methods have been developed. Some of the tests included in this document are not entirely suitable for threads made from certain synthetic rubbers (e.g. urethane rubber). These tests are intended for natural or synthetic polyisoprene rubbers. Comparisons can only be made on new rubber threads or on those with identical processing histories. In the interpretation of results from threads which have been subjected to spooling, fabrication or any other process, the previous history is important, and what is known of this and of any relaxation treatments used is intended to be reported.

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ISO 4675:2017 specifies a method for determining the ability of fabrics coated with rubber or plastics to resist the effect of low temperature when subjected to bending at specified temperatures after definite periods of exposure. This method is applicable to material with a thickness within the range 0,1 mm to 2,2 mm. For materials of greater thickness than this, modifications to the standard equipment apply (see 9.2, third paragraph). Because fabrics coated with rubber or plastics are used in different applications requiring low temperature flexing, no general relationship between this test and service performance can be given or implied.

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ISO 20058:2017 specifies physical and mechanical requirements for rubber threads. It does not apply to rubber threads for food contact, furniture, high heat resistance and high ozone resistance applications.

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ISO 17717:2017 specifies the minimum requirements and test methods for meteorological balloons made from natural rubber latex or natural rubber latex compounded with synthetic rubber emulsion. ISO 17717:2017 applies to two types of balloon: - Type 1: meteorological balloon produced by dipping process; - Type 2: meteorological balloon produced by moulding process.

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ISO 20437:2017 gives the specification for ISO 4, ISO 5 and ISO 6 cleanroom gloves. It is applicable to cleanroom gloves made of natural rubber latex (NRL).

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ISO 1421:2016 specifies two methods for the determination of the tensile strength of fabrics coated with rubber or plastics. - Method 1 ? the strip test method, which is a method for the determination of tensile strength and elongation at break. - Method 2 ? the grab test method, which is a method for the determination of tensile strength only. The methods apply to test pieces in equilibrium with specific standard atmospheres for testing and to wet test pieces. Both methods require the use of a constant rate of extension (CRE) tensile-testing machine.

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ISO 5470-1:2016 describes a method of assessing the abrasive wear resistance of coated fabrics using the Taber abrader.

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ISO 4674-1:2016 specifies two methods for determining the forces necessary to initiate and propagate tearing of a coated fabric using the constant rate of tear method. The methods described are the following: - method A: tongue tear; - method B: trouser tear.

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ISO 2286-1:2016 specifies methods of determining the length, width and net mass of a roll of rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics.

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ISO 2286-3:2016 specifies a method for the determination, at a specified pressure, of the thickness of rubber- and plastics-coated fabrics, irrespective of the type of substrate employed. It is applicable to single-face, double-face and double-texture coated fabrics, as well as materials in which an expanded layer is included in the coating.

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ISO 2286-2:2016 specifies methods of determining the total mass per unit area, the mass per unit area of the coating and the mass per unit area of the substrate cloth of a rubber- or plastics-coated fabric. Methods for removing coatings of specific compositions are described in Annex A.

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ISO 1420:2016 specifies two methods for the determination of the resistance of rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics to water penetration (hydrostatic resistance) when subjected to a specific hydrostatic pressure over a fixed period of time. Method A specifies the procedure for a low and high hydrostatic pressure and Method B for a low hydrostatic pressure.

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ISO 6123-2:2015 establishes a classification of rubber or plastics covered rollers according to surface quality or imperfections and surface finish. A test method for the determination of surface roughness is also described.

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ISO 7229:2015 specifies two methods for measuring gas transmission through rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics, a property known as permeability.

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ISO 6123-1:2015 specifies requirements for the measured hardness of rubber or plastics covered rollers.

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ISO 4633:2015 specifies requirements for materials used in vulcanized rubber seals for the following: a) cold drinking-water supplies (up to 50 °C); b) drainage, sewerage, and rainwater systems (continuous flow up to 45 °C and intermittent flow up to 95 °C).

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ISO 3385:2014 specifies a method for the determination of loss in thickness and loss in hardness of flexible cellular materials intended for use in load-bearing applications such as upholstery. It provides a means of assessing the service performance of flexible cellular materials based on rubber latex or polyurethane used in load-bearing upholstery. The method is applicable both to standard size test pieces cut from slabstock material and to shaped components. The measured loss in thickness and loss in hardness are related to, but are not necessarily the same as, the losses likely to occur in service. ISO 3385:2014 is not intended to function as a detailed engineering design specification for fatigue apparatus.

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ISO 3302-1:2014 specifies classes of dimensional tolerances and their values for moulded, extruded, and calendared solid rubber products. The relevant test methods necessary for the establishment of compliance with ISO 3302-1:2014 are also specified. The tolerances are primarily intended for use with vulcanized rubber but can also be suitable for products made of thermoplastic rubbers. ISO 3302-1:2014 does not apply to precision toroidal sealing rings or to calendared composite products such as rubber-coated fabrics or products where a rubber coating is applied by the process of topping or skim coating.

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ISO 14285:2014 specifies limits for extractable chemical substances for single-use gloves made from natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or plastic materials that are intended for use in food preparation, food handling, and related application in food service industry. ISO 14285:2014 does not cover the specification for extractable biological substances and physical requirements of the gloves. It is not applicable to gloves used under extreme conditions such as those having pH less than 4,5 and/or temperature above 40 °C. It does not cover gloves being exposed to fat and oil foods.

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ISO 10282:2014 specifies requirements for packaged sterile rubber gloves intended for use in surgical procedures to protect the patient and the user from cross-contamination. It is applicable to single-use gloves that are worn once and then discarded. It does not apply to examination or procedure gloves. It covers gloves with smooth surfaces and gloves with textured surfaces over part or the whole glove. ISO 10282:2014 is intended as a reference for the performance and safety of rubber surgical gloves. The safe and proper usage of surgical gloves and sterilization procedures with subsequent handling, packaging, and storage procedures are outside the scope of ISO 10282:2014.

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ISO 5999:2013 specifies requirements for flexible load-bearing polyurethane foam of the polyether type. ISO 5999:2013 is applicable to flexible polyurethane cellular materials manufactured in block, sheet and strip form, in moulded and fabricated shapes, and as reconstituted material, used for load-bearing applications in general, but excluding carpet backing and underlay. It, thus, primarily relates to the quality of polyurethane foam used for comfort cushioning purposes.

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ISO 5892:2013 specifies material requirements for preformed, solid vulcanized rubber structural gaskets in sealing and supporting applications for buildings.

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ISO 6072:2011 specifies test methods for evaluating the effect of hydraulic fluids on standard elastomeric materials that have been manufactured in accordance with specified processes. It allows baseline comparisons of fluids with standard elastomers. The standard provides formulations, mixing procedures and vulcanization procedures for five types of elastomeric composition: acrylonitrile-butadiene rubbers (NBR 1 and NBR 2), fluorocarbon rubber (FKM 2), ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM 1) and hydrogenated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (HNBR 1). These procedures evaluate the effect of mineral-based, fire-resistant and biodegradable hydraulic fluids on such compositions by measurement, under controlled conditions, of physical properties of standard test pieces of the elastomer before and after immersion in the fluids. The standard does not provide formulations of elastomeric materials for actual service, although service elastomers may be tested using these compatibility procedures if required.

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ISO 4635:2011 specifies requirements for material for preformed vulcanized rubber joint seals used between concrete paving sections of highways. It is applicable to seals for joints in new concrete highways as well as to maintenance work on such highways. It does not cover the design or dimensions of seals, but general requirements for finished seals are given.

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ISO 7231:2010 specifies two methods for determining the air flow value of flexible cellular polymeric materials. method A, for conventional types of flexible cellular polymeric material; method B, for all types of flexible cellular polymeric material, but especially for materials with a low permeability to air.

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