Semiconductor optoelectronic devices for fibre optic system applications - Part 1: Specification template for essential ratings and characteristics (IEC 62007-1:2015)

This part of IEC 62007 is a specification template for essential ratings and characteristics of
the following categories of semiconductor optoelectronic devices to be used in the field of
fibre optic systems and subsystems:
– semiconductor photoemitters;
– semiconductor photoelectric detectors;
– monolithic or hybrid integrated optoelectronic devices and their modules.
This part of IEC 62007 provides a frame for the preparation of detail specifications for the
essential ratings and characteristics.
In using this part of IEC 62007, detail specification writers add but do not delete specification
parameters and/or groups of specification parameters for particular applications.

Optoelektronische Halbleiterbauelemente für Anwendungen in Lichtwellenleitersystemen - Teil 1: Vorlage für Leistungsspezifikationen für wesentliche Grenz- und Kennwerte (IEC 62007-1:2015)

Dispositifs optoélectroniques à semiconducteurs pour application dans les systèmes à fibres optiques - Partie 1: Modèle de spécification relatif aux valeurs et caractéristiques essentielles (IEC 62007-1:2015)

L'IEC 62007-1:2015 est un modèle de spécification des valeurs et caractéristiques essentielles applicables aux catégories suivantes de dispositifs optoélectroniques à semiconducteurs destinés à être utilisés dans le domaine des systèmes et sous-systèmes à fibres optiques: - photoémetteurs à semiconducteurs; - détecteurs photoélectriques à semiconducteurs; - dispositifs optoélectroniques intégrés, monolithiques ou hybrides, et leurs modules. La présente partie de l'IEC 62007 fournit une trame pour la préparation des spécifications détaillées des valeurs et caractéristiques essentielles. En utilisant la présente partie de l'IEC 62007, les rédacteurs de spécifications particulières ajoutent, mais ne suppriment pas de paramètres et/ou des groupes de paramètres pour des applications particulières. Cette troisième édition annule et remplace la deuxième édition parue en 2008. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente. Les définitions de certains symboles et termes ont été revues afin de les harmoniser avec celles des autres documents du SC 86C; Un article traitant des APD-TIA a été ajouté. Mots clés: dispositifs optoélectroniques à semiconducteurs, photoémetteurs à semiconducteurs; détecteurs photoélectriques à semiconducteurs; dispositifs optoélectroniques intégrés, monolithiques ou hybrides

Polprevodniške optoelektronske naprave za uporabo v sistemih z optičnimi vlakni - 1. del: Specifikacijska predloga za pomembne naznačene vrednosti in karakteristike (IEC 62007-1:2015)

Ta del standarda IEC 62007 je specifikacijska predloga za pomembne naznačene vrednosti in karakteristike naslednjih kategorij polprevodniških optoelektronskih naprav, ki se uporabljajo na področju sistemov ter podsistemov z optičnimi vlakni:
– polprevodniških fotooddajnikov;
– polprevodniških fotoelektričnih detektorjev;
– monolitskih ali hibridnih integriranih optoelektronskih naprav in njihovih modulov.
Ta del standarda IEC 62007 določa okvir za pripravo podrobnih specifikacij za pomembne naznačene vrednosti in karakteristike.
Pri uporabi tega dela standarda IEC 62007 avtorji podrobnih specifikacij dodajajo specifikacijske parametre in/ali skupine specifikacijskih parametrov za posebne uporabe, vendar jih ne brišejo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Sep-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Jul-2015
Due Date
01-Oct-2015
Completion Date
10-Sep-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
01-oktober-2015
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SIST EN 62007-1:2009
3ROSUHYRGQLãNHRSWRHOHNWURQVNHQDSUDYH]DXSRUDERYVLVWHPLK]RSWLþQLPLYODNQL
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Semiconductor optoelectronic devices for fibre optic system applications - Part 1:

Specification template for essential ratings and characteristics (IEC 62007-1:2015)

Optoelektronische Halbleiterbauelemente für Anwendungen in Lichtwellenleitersystemen

- Teil 1: Vorlage für Leistungsspezifikationen für wesentliche Grenz- und Kennwerte (IEC

62007-1:2015)

Dispositifs optoélectroniques à semiconducteurs pour application dans les systèmes à

fibres optiques - Partie 1: Modèle de spécification relatif aux valeurs et caractéristiques

essentielles (IEC 62007-1:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62007-1:2015
ICS:
31.080.01 Polprevodniški elementi Semiconductor devices in
(naprave) na splošno general
31.260 Optoelektronika, laserska Optoelectronics. Laser
oprema equipment
33.180.01 6LVWHPL]RSWLþQLPLYODNQLQD Fibre optic systems in
VSORãQR general
SIST EN 62007-1:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62007-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2015
ICS 31.080.01; 31.260; 33.180.01 Supersedes EN 62007-1:2009
English Version
Semiconductor optoelectronic devices for fibre optic system
applications - Part 1: Specification template for essential ratings
and characteristics
(IEC 62007-1:2015)

Dispositifs optoélectroniques à semiconducteurs pour Optoelektronische Halbleiterbauelemente für Anwendungen

application dans les systèmes à fibres optiques - Partie 1: in Lichtwellenleitersystemen - Teil 1: Vorlage für

Modèle de spécification relatif aux valeurs et Leistungsspezifikationen für wesentliche Grenz- und

caractéristiques essentielles Kennwerte
(IEC 62007-1:2015) (IEC 62007-1:2015)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2015-05-04. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62007-1:2015 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
EN 62007-1:2015
Foreword

The text of document 86C/1256/CDV, future edition 3 of IEC 62007-1, prepared by SC 86C "Fibre

optic systems and active devices" of IEC/TC 86 "Fibre optics" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62007-1:2015.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2016-02-04
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2018-05-04
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 62007-1:2009.

EN 62007-1:2015 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to

EN 62007-1:2009:

1) The definitions of some symbols and terms are revised in order to harmonize them with those in

other SR 86C documents;
2) A clause on APD-TIA has been added.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62007-1:2015 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
EN 62007-1:2015
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60825 Series Safety of laser products EN 60825 Series
IEC 60747-5-1 - Discrete semiconductor devices and EN 60747-5-1 -
integrated circuits -
Part 5-1: Optoelectronic devices - General
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
IEC 62007-1
Edition 3.0 2015-03
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Semiconductor optoelectronic devices for fibre optic system applications –
Part 1: Specification template for essential ratings and characteristics
Dispositifs optoélectroniques à semiconducteurs pour application dans les
systèmes à fibres optiques –
Partie 1: Modèle de spécification relatif aux valeurs et caractéristiques
essentielles
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS: 31.080.01; 31.260; 33.180.01 ISBN 978-2-83222-589-9

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
– 2 – IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 7

2 Normative references..................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations .............................................................................. 7

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 7

3.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................ 9

4 LEDs for fibre optic systems or subsystems.................................................................... 9

4.1 Type ..................................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Semiconductor materials ....................................................................................... 9

4.3 Details of outline and encapsulation ...................................................................... 9

4.4 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 10

4.5 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 10

4.6 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 11

5 Laser module with pigtails ............................................................................................ 12

5.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 12

5.2 Semiconductor .................................................................................................... 12

5.2.1 Materials ...................................................................................................... 12

5.2.2 Structure ...................................................................................................... 12

5.3 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 12

5.4 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 13

5.4.1 General conditions ....................................................................................... 13

5.4.2 Laser diode .................................................................................................. 13

5.4.3 Photodiode .................................................................................................. 13

5.4.4 Thermal sensor (where appropriate) ............................................................. 13

5.4.5 Thermoelectric cooler (where appropriate) .................................................... 14

5.5 Electric and optical characteristics ....................................................................... 14

5.6 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 15

5.7 Hazards .............................................................................................................. 16

6 PIN photodiodes for fibre optic systems or subsystems ................................................. 16

6.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 16

6.2 Semiconductor materials ..................................................................................... 16

6.3 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 16

6.4 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 17

6.5 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 18

6.6 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 18

7 Avalanche photodiodes (APDs) with or without pigtails ................................................. 19

7.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 19

7.2 Semiconductor .................................................................................................... 19

7.3 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 19

7.4 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 19

7.5 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 19

7.6 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 20

8 PIN-TIA modules for fibre optic systems or subsystems ................................................ 21

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015 – 3 –

8.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 21

8.2 Semiconductor materials ..................................................................................... 21

8.3 Structure ............................................................................................................. 21

8.4 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 21

8.5 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 22

8.6 Operating conditions at T = 25 °C, unless otherwise stated ........................... 22

amb

8.7 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 23

8.8 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 23

9 APD-TIA modules for fibre optic systems or subsystems ............................................... 24

9.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 24

9.2 Semiconductor materials ..................................................................................... 24

9.3 Structure ............................................................................................................. 24

9.4 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 24

9.5 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 24

9.6 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 25

10 Laser diode modules for pumping an optical fibre amplifier ........................................... 26

10.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 26

10.2 Semiconductor materials ..................................................................................... 26

10.3 Structure ............................................................................................................. 26

10.4 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 26

10.5 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) over the operating temperature

range, unless otherwise stated ............................................................................ 27

10.6 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 27

10.7 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 29

10.8 Hazards .............................................................................................................. 29

11 Optical modulators for digital fibre optic applications .................................................... 29

11.1 Type ................................................................................................................... 29

11.2 Materials ............................................................................................................. 29

11.3 Structure ............................................................................................................. 29

11.4 Details of outline and encapsulation .................................................................... 30

11.5 Limiting values (absolute maximum ratings) ......................................................... 30

11.6 Electrical and optical characteristics .................................................................... 31

11.7 Supplementary information .................................................................................. 32

11.8 Hazards .............................................................................................................. 32

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................... 33

Table 1 – Limiting values for LEDs ...................................................................................... 10

Table 2 – Electrical and optical characteristics for LEDs ...................................................... 11

Table 3 – Electric and optical characteristics for laser modules with pigtails ......................... 14

Table 4 – Limiting values for PIN photodiodes ..................................................................... 17

Table 5 – Electrical and optical characteristics for PIN photodiodes ..................................... 18

Table 6 – Electrical and optical characteristics for avalanche photodiodes (APDs) with

or without pigtails ................................................................................................................ 20

Table 7 – Limiting values for PIN-TIA modules .................................................................... 22

Table 8 – Operating conditions for PIN-TIA modules ............................................................ 22

Table 9 – Electrical and optical characteristics for PIN-TIA modules ..................................... 23

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SIST EN 62007-1:2015
– 4 – IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015

Table 10 – Limiting values for APD-TIA modules ................................................................. 25

Table 11 – Electrical and optical characteristics for APD-TIA modules ................................. 25

Table 12 – Limiting values for laser diode modules for pumping an optical fibre

amplifier ............................................................................................................................. 27

Table 13 – Electrical and optical characteristics for laser diode modules for pumping

an optical fibre amplifier ...................................................................................................... 28

Table 14 – Limiting values for optical modulators for digital fibre optic applications .............. 30

Table 15 – Electrical and optical characteristics for optical modulators for digital fibre

optic applications ................................................................................................................ 31

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015 – 5 –
COMMISSION ÉLECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE
____________
SEMICONDUCTOR OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES
FOR FIBRE OPTIC SYSTEM APPLICATIONS –
Part 1: Specification template for essential ratings and characteristics
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62007-1 has been prepared by subcommittee 86C: Fibre optic

systems and active devices, of IEC technical committee 86: Fibre optics.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2008. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition.

1) The definitions of some symbols and terms are revised in order to harmonize them with

those in other SC 86C documents.
2) A clause on APD-TIA has been added.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
– 6 – IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
CDV Report on voting
86C/1256/CDV 86C/1283/RVC

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62007 series, published under the general title Semiconductor

optoelectronic devices for fibre optic system applications, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015 – 7 –
SEMICONDUCTOR OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES
FOR FIBRE OPTIC SYSTEM APPLICATIONS –
Part 1: Specification template for essential ratings and characteristics
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62007 is a specification template for essential ratings and characteristics of

the following categories of semiconductor optoelectronic devices to be used in the field of

fibre optic systems and subsystems:
– semiconductor photoemitters;
– semiconductor photoelectric detectors;
– monolithic or hybrid integrated optoelectronic devices and their modules.

This part of IEC 62007 provides a frame for the preparation of detail specifications for the

essential ratings and characteristics.

In using this part of IEC 62007, detail specification writers add but do not delete specification

parameters and/or groups of specification parameters for particular applications.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
IEC 60825 (all parts), Safety of laser products

IEC 60747-5-1, Discrete semiconductor devices and integrated circuits – Part 5-1:

Optoelectronic devices – General
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions concerning physical concepts,

types of devices, general terms, and ratings and characteristics given in IEC 60747-5-1 and

the following apply.
3.1.1
PIN photodiode

photodiode with a large intrinsic region sandwiched between P- and N-doped semiconducting

regions used for the detection of optical radiation
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-731-06-29, modified — The note has been deleted.]
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
– 8 – IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015
3.1.2
avalanche photodiode
APD

photodiode operating with a bias voltage such that the primary photocurrent undergoes

amplification by cumulative multiplication of charge carriers
Note 1 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-731-06-30, modified — The note has been deleted.]
3.1.3
RIN
relative intensity noise

quotient of the radiant power mean square fluctuations < ∆Φ > to the mean square radiant

power <Φ > , normalized to a frequency band of unit width
Note 1 to entry: RIN is usually expressed in dB/Hz.
2 2
RIN = 10 log {< ∆Φ > (< Φ > × ∆f )}
10 e e
Note 2 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.
3.1.4
spectral shift

deviation of the peak-emission wavelength at a particular case temperature or a particular

forward current from its value at a specified reference case temperature or a specified

reference forward current, respectively
Note 1 to entry: The specific reference temperature is typically 25 °C.
3.1.5
input reflection coefficient

quotient of the high frequency reflected voltage to the high frequency incident voltage

3.1.6
tracking error

deviation of the radiant power at a particular case temperature from its value at a specified

reference case temperature
Note 1 to entry: The specific reference temperature is typically 25 °C.

Note 2 to entry: Specifications usually refer to the maximum deviation (absolute value) in two specified

temperature ranges below and above the specified reference case temperature.

Note 3 to entry: The tracking error is usually expressed as a percentage of the radiant power at the reference

case temperature.
3.1.7
diode responsivity
responsivity

quotient of the photocurrent I by the radiant power Φ at the optical port of the

p e
photodiode

Note 1 to entry: If no ambiguity is likely to occur, the shorter term and shorter letter symbol may be used.

---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 62007-1:2015
IEC 62007-1:2015  IEC 2015 – 9 –
Note 2 to entry: Photodiode means a complete device such as:
– chip itself;
– packaged component with window or pigtail.
3.1.8
excess noise factor

noise resulting from the spatial and timing fluctuations of the avalanche carrier multiplication,

defined as the ratio of the noise power at a specified reverse bias to the amplified shot noise

of the photocurrent at a reference reverse bias

Note 1 to entry: The reference reverse voltage should be sufficiently low that no carrier multiplication takes place

but sufficiently large that the device is fully depleted and has achieved its rated speed and responsivity.

3.1.9
overload
maximum received power of a photodiode for obtaining a given bit error rate
3.2 Abbreviations
APD avalanche photodiode
BH buried heterostructure
CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CW continuous wave
FWHM full width at half maximum
HBT heterojunction bipolar transistor
LD laser diode
LED light emitting diode
MQW multi-quantum well
RIN relative intensity noise
TEC thermo-electric cooler
TIA transimpedance amplifier
4 LEDs for fibre optic systems or subs
...

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