Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held

This document specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing and marking for swimming devices intended to assist users with movement through the water in the early stages of water awareness, while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also gives methods of test for verification of these requirements.
This part 2 of EN 13138 applies only to class C swimming devices that are designed to be held in the hands or by the body. Typical swimming devices include kick boards and pull/kick boards. These swimming devices are used to assist in learning to swim or to assist with swimming strokes and improving specific elements of the stroke, which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated.
It does not apply to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

Dieses Dokument legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Konstruktion, Gebrauchstauglichkeit, Größen und Kennzeichnung von Auftriebshilfen fest, die dazu vorgesehen sind, Benutzer bei der Bewegung im Wasser in den frühen Phasen der Wasserwahrnehmung, beim Schwimmenlernen oder beim Erlernen eines Teils einer Schwimmbewegung zu unterstützen. Weiterhin werden Prüfverfahren zur Verifizierung dieser Anforderungen angegeben.
Dieser Teil 2 der EN 13138 gilt nur für Auftriebshilfen der Klasse C, die dafür ausgelegt sind, in den Händen oder mit dem Körper gehalten zu werden. Typische Auftriebshilfen sind Schwimmbretter für Arme und Beine. Diese Auftriebshilfen, die entweder über Feststoffauftrieb verfügen oder aufgeblasen werden können, werden verwendet, um das Schwimmenlernen oder Schwimmbewegungen zu unterstützen und einzelne Elemente der Schwimmbewegungen zu verbessern.
Es gilt nicht für pull buoys, Schwimmringe, Rettungsringe, Schwimmhilfen, Rettungswesten oder Wasserspielzeuge.

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 2 : Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité relatives à la construction, aux performances, à la taille et au marquage des dispositifs de natation conçus pour aider les débutants à effectuer des mouvements dans l'eau aux premiers stades de leur sensibilisation à l'eau, lorsqu'ils apprennent à nager ou à effectuer une partie d'un mouvement de natation. Il fournit également des méthodes d'essai pour la vérification du respect de ces exigences.
La présente Partie 2 de l'EN 13138 s'applique uniquement aux dispositifs de natation de classe C, qui sont conçus pour être tenus par les mains ou par le corps. Des dispositifs de natation typiques de ce style comprennent les planches de natation et les planches tenues entre les jambes ou par les mains (« kick/pull boards »). Ces dispositifs de natation sont utilisés pour aider à l'apprentissage de la natation ou pour faciliter les mouvements de natation et pour améliorer des éléments spécifiques des mouvements de nage. Ils présentent une flottabilité inhérente ou sont gonflables.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas aux bouées de traction, aux bouées de natation, aux bouées de sauvetage, aux aides à la flottabilité, aux gilets de sauvetage ou aux jouets aquatiques.

Plavajoči pripomočki za učenje plavanja - 2. del: Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za plavajoče pripomočke, ki se držijo z rokami

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
13-Oct-2021
Completion Date
13-Oct-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
01-april-2018
3ODYDMRþLSULSRPRþNL]DXþHQMHSODYDQMDGHO9DUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQH
PHWRGH]DSODYDMRþHSULSRPRþNHNLVHGUåLMR]URNDPL

Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for

buoyant aids to be held

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen

und Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité

et méthodes d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 13138-2
ICS:
13.340.70 5HãLOQLMRSLþLY]JRQVND Lifejackets, buoyancy aids
SRPDJDODLQSODYDMRþL and floating devices
SULSRPRþNL
97.220.40 Oprema za športe na Outdoor and water sports
prostem in vodne športe equipment
oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
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oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 13138-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2018
ICS 13.340.70; 97.220.40 Will supersede EN 13138-2:2014
English Version
Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 2: Safety
requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 2:

natation - Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

d'essai pour les aides à la flottabilité à tenir Prüfverfahren für Auftriebshilfen, die gehalten werden

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 162.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 13138-2:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 13138-2:2018
prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Classification ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Safety Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 11

7 Warnings and markings ............................................................................................................................. 12

Annex A (normative) Procedures for testing efficiency of valves of inflatable devices .................. 15

Annex B (informative) Test procedures for seam strength and durability of inflatable

devices .............................................................................................................................................................. 16

Annex C (normative) Test procedures for determining the puncture resistance of inflatable

devices .............................................................................................................................................................. 17

Annex D (normative) Procedures for testing resistance of marking to saliva .................................... 18

Annex E (normative) Detailed illustrations regarding the layout of Safety information

symbols, general safety signs and their arrangement on the product. .................................... 19

E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

E.2 Product safety information symbols ..................................................................................................... 19

E.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

E.2.2 Graphical Symbols characterising the category of information and heading arrayed

groups of symbols ........................................................................................................................................ 19

E.2.3 Graphical Symbols expressing warnings ............................................................................................. 19

E.2.4 Graphical Symbols expressing prohibitions ...................................................................................... 20

E.2.5 Graphical Symbols expressing instructions ....................................................................................... 20

E.2.6 Safety information symbol ........................................................................................................................ 21

E.2.6.1 Size of graphical symbols .......................................................................................................................... 21

E.2.6.2 Colour of graphical symbols ..................................................................................................................... 21

E.2.6.3 Arrangement of graphical symbols ....................................................................................................... 21

Annex F (informative) Significant changes between this document and the previous edition .... 24

Annex G (normative) Test procedure for entanglement on protruding parts .................................... 25

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 26

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European foreword

This document (prEN 13138-2:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162

“Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and liefjackets”, the secretariat of which is held

by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 13138-2:2014.

Annex F provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous edition EN 13138-2:2014.

EN 13138, Buoyant aids for swimming instruction, consists of the following parts dealing with buoyant

devices for swimming instructions for the various stages of the learning process:

— Part 1: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be worn
— Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held
— Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats
— Part 4: In-water performance testing of buoyant aids to be worn
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prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
Introduction
The entire process of learning to swim is considered to include two stages:
— getting familiar with the water environment and movements in it;
— acquiring skills in standard swimming strokes.

Buoyant aids for swimming instructions (in brief: swimming device(s)) are intended to assist persons

(in particular children) to learn to swim. The design and purpose of the devices are related to the above

stages.

Swimming devices are intended to give the user positive buoyancy in the water while maintaining the

correct body position for swimming. However, it should not be assumed that standard conformity of the

devices will by itself eliminate the risk of drowning as this depends also on the behaviour of the user

and any supervision.

Although this European Standard sets performance requirements to ensure that swimming devices

perform appropriately, it is essential that the devices are used correctly and under constant and close

supervision. It is important to ensure that they are securely fitted to the appropriate size of user and

that when correctly fitted, they cannot become displaced. Swim seats however should allow immediate

escape in case of capsizing. Therefore the use of these devices is recommended to be restricted to water

out of standing depth of the user.

The highest degree of protection against drowning can only be achieved by using lifejackets. It is

essential that there is a clear distinction between devices intended to preserve life and those which are

intended only to assist buoyancy for the user when learning to swim. As swimming devices are not life

preservers, they should only be used in swimming pools and other situations free from current, tides

and waves.

The bulk storage of some sorts of swimming devices could, under certain conditions, result in a

potential fire hazard. The perceived risk of such a hazard was evaluated against the actual risk to the

user from materials treated with certain known toxic fire retardant chemicals. However, the fire hazard

is less of a problem to the user than the risk associated with the swimming devices being put in the

mouth, especially by children. For this reason, flammability requirements are not included in this

European Standard.

For the above reasons and to differentiate these devices from aquatic toys, advisory safety measures,

including marking, warning notices and user instructions are included in this standard.

The range both of the design and function of buoyant aids for swimming instruction varies considerably

and for this reason, the standard for swimming devices has been prepared in three parts, namely

devices that are intended to allow the user to become familiar with water (passive user), devices that

are worn (active user) and those devices that are held by the user to improve swimming strokes.

— Part 1 of this European Standard is only for devices that are securely attached to the body (class B

devices = for an active user). They are intended to introduce the user to the range of swimming

strokes.

— Part 2 of this European Standard is for devices that are held either in the hands or by the body

(class C = devices for an active user) and are intended to assist with improving specific elements of

the swimming stroke. For adult beginners or more advanced users they can also be used for further

stages of the process to learn to swim.

— Part 3 of this European Standard deals only with swim seats to assist children up to 36 months in

their first attempts to learn to swim i.e. to get familiar with the "in-water-environment" and moving

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through it. The child is positioned inside the buoyant structure, which provides buoyancy and

lateral support to the body, thereby keeping the child's head above water level (class A

devices = for a passive user).

Swim seats allow young children to experience the water environment and being moved through it.

Movements of lower limbs and arms are possible. The use of swim seats does however not replicate

any form of a correct swimming stroke.

— Part 4 of this European Standard deals with in-water performance testing for class B devices and

provides objective methods of measuring the lifting and turning capacity of a swimming device by

applying test manikins of various sizes. It is applicable only in connection with part 1.

Swim seats complying with this standard provide a stable, floating position for a child sitting in the

swim seat and avoids entrapment in case of capsizing. Children in swim seats do however require

very close parental supervision. Overload beyond specified body weight, breaking waves and

violent external forces are remaining risks that can cause capsizing. Use of these devices in water

that is of the child‘s standing depth will increase the risk of capsizing and will hinder or block the

escape from the seat in case of emergency.
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1 Scope

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for construction, performance, sizing and

marking for swimming devices intended to assist users with movement through the water in the early

stages of water awareness, while learning to swim or while learning part of a swimming stroke. It also

gives methods of test for verification of these requirements.

This part 2 of EN 13138 applies only to class C devices that are designed to be held in the hands or by

the body. Typical devices include kick boards and pull/kick boards. These devices are used to assist in

learning to swim or to assist with swimming strokes and improving specific elements of the stroke,

which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated.

It does not apply to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN 20105-A02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour

(ISO 105-A02)

EN ISO 105-E03:2010, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E03: Colour fastness to chlorinated

water (swimming-pool water) (ISO 105-E03:2010)

EN ISO 105-E04, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO

105-E04)

EN ISO 105-X12, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-

X12)

EN ISO 3696:1995, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696:1987)

EN ISO 12402-9:2006, Personal flotation devices — Part 9: Test methods (ISO 12402-9:2006)

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
buoyancy

resultant upthrust of a swimming device when totally submerged in fresh water with its uppermost

part just below the water surface
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prEN 13138-2:2018 (E)
3.2
inherent buoyancy

upthrust provided by material which is less dense than water or by sealed chambers that are not

inflatable and are filled with air or gas
3.3
buoyant aid for swimming instruction (in brief ‘swimming device’)

garment or device which when worn or held correctly will provide the buoyancy required to become

familiar with movement through the water, assist with learning to swim or to improve swimming

stroke
3.4
minimum buoyancy
least buoyancy required by the standard
3.5
original buoyancy
buoyancy provided by the complete device when first tested
3.6
class A device

buoyant device in which the child is in contact with the water positioned inside the buoyant structure

so that it will keep the passive user in a stable floating position where the base of the chin is at or above

the surface of the water.

Note 1 to entry: This device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water environment.

3.7
class B device

buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to introduce the

active user to the range of swimming strokes
3.8
class C device

device intended to be held either in the hands or, by the body and to assist with swimming strokes

and/or improving specific elements of the strokes
3.9
device to be worn

device having either inherent buoyancy or may be inflated to provide buoyancy and which is securely

attached to the body in such a way that it cannot be accidentally removed and so as to provide the user

with buoyancy
3.10
device to be held

device held either in the hands or by the body and provides buoyancy whilst it is being held by the user

3.11
conditioning

process to which the complete device shall be submitted that includes immersion in chlorinated salt

swimming pool water and storage in cold and hot conditions and comprising a number of cycles, to

simulate the conditions to which the device is likely to be subjected in normal use and storage

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3.12
component

sub group of the entire device which contributes to either buoyancy, function or safety

3.13
swim seat

buoyant device intended to introduce the user to the aquatic environment and to build water

confidence as a pre-requisite to learning to swim.

Note 1 to entry: Swim seats provide safety for the user but do not guarantee protection against drowning.

3.14
swim seat system

all integrated components (parts) of a swim seat which contribute to stable floating conditions and to

safety during normal use or after an emergency capsizing
3.15
escape

complete separation between the test dummy and the swim seat in case of a deliberate capsizing of the

swim seat or swim seat system
3.16
assessment panel

group of three people who are appointed by a test house, all of whom are experienced in assessing

buoyant aids for swimming instruction
3.17
kick board

buoyant device designed to be held in the hands or by the arms in order to support the body in the

water to assist the user to improve swimming strokes
3.18
Turning-Lifting-Capacity
TLC

Turning Lifting Capacity of a swimming device is its capability to turn the user’s body into a specified

floating angle and to lift him to a level where the body floats at least just on equal level with the water

surface or above

Note 1 to entry: It is expressed as angle x between calibrated sinking angle and floating angle achieved by the

device.
3.19
sinking angle

sinking angle is the angle to which a test manikin is intentionally calibrated when hung on its center of

gravity and completely immersed under water
4 Classification
Buoyant swimming devices shall be classified by design according to Table 1.
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Table 1 — Classification of buoyant devices
Class Description

A Buoyant device in which the child is in contact with the water positioned inside the buoyant

structure. This device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water

environment. The device will keep the passive user in a stable floating position so that the base of

the chin is at or above the surface of the water.

B Buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to

introduce the active user to
...

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