Public transport - Communication between contactless readers and fare media - Part 2: Test plan for ISO/IEC 14443

This document comes as a complement to the technical requirements expressed in CEN/TS 16794-1, for ensuring contactless communication interoperability between Public Transport (PT) devices or between PT devices compliant to CEN/TS 16794-1 and NFC mobiles devices compliant to NFC Forum specifications.
This document lists all the test conditions to be performed on a PT reader or a PT object in order to ensure that all the requirements specified in CEN/TS 16794-1 are met for the PT device under test.
This document applies to PT devices only:
-   PT readers which are contactless fare management system terminals acting as a PCD contactless reader based on the ISO/IEC 14443 series;
-   PT objects which are contactless fare media acting as a PICC contactless object based on the ISO/IEC 14443 series.
This document applies solely to the contactless communication layers described in Parts 1 to 4 of the ISO/IEC 14443 series. Application-to-application exchanges executed once contactless communication has been established at RF level fall outside the scope of this document. However, a test application will be used so as to make end-to-end transactions during tests on the RF communication layer.
This document does not duplicate the contents of the ISO/IEC 14443 series or ISO/IEC DIS 10373-6 standard. It makes reference to the ISO/IEC DIS 10373-6 applicable test methods, specifies the test conditions to be used and describes the additional specific test conditions that may be run.
The list of test conditions applicable to the PT device under test will be conditioned by the Information Conformance Statement (ICS) declaration made by the device manufacturer. For each test case, the test conditions are clearly specified in order to determine the pertinence to run or not the test case in accordance with the device capabilities or in accordance with the device manufacturer’s choice.
In order to facilitate the test report issuance, a test report template is included in Annex A of this document.
Although this document aims at becoming the primary basis for certification of contactless communication protocol applicable to PT readers and PT objects, it does not describe any certification or qualification processes as such processes should be defined between local or global transit industry stakeholders.

Öffentlicher Verkehr - Kommunikation zwischen berührungslosen Lesegeräten und Fahrscheinmedien - Teil 2: Prüfplan zur ISO/IEC 14443

Transport Public - Communication entre terminaux et objets sans contact - Partie 2 : Plan de test pour l'ISO/IEC 14443

Javni prevoz - Komunikacija med brezkontaktnimi čitalniki/terminali in prevoznimi mediji - 2. del: Načrt za preskus po ISO/IEC 14443

Ta dokument je dopolnitev tehničnih zahtev, izraženih v standardu CEN/TS 16794-1, za zagotavljanje brezkontaktne komunikacijske interoperabilnosti med napravami javnega prevoza (PT) ali med napravami javnega prevoza, ki so v skladu s standardom CEN/TS 16794-1, in mobilnimi napravami NFC, ki so v skladu s specifikacijami foruma NFC.
Ta dokument navaja vse preskusne pogoje za izvedbo s čitalniki ali predmeti javnega prometa, da se zagotovi, da naprava javnega prevoza, ki se preskuša, izpolnjuje vse zahteve, ki so določene s standardom CEN/TS 16794-1.
Ta dokument se uporablja samo za naprave javnega prevoza:
– čitalnike javnega prevoza, ki so brezkontaktni terminali za prevozne medije in delujejo kot brezkontaktni čitalniki PCD na podlagi skupine standardov ISO/IEC 14443;
– predmete javnega prevoza, ki so brezkontaktni prevozni mediji, ki delujejo kot brezkontaktni predmet PICC na podlagi skupine standardov ISO/IEC 14443.
Ta dokument se uporablja izključno za brezkontaktne komunikacijske plasti, ki so opisane v delih od 1 do 4 skupine standardov ISO/IEC 14443. Izmenjave med aplikacijami, ki so izvedene po vzpostavitvi brezkontaktne komunikacije na radiofrekvenčni stopnji, ne spadajo na področje uporabe tega dokumenta. Kljub temu bo treba uporabiti preskusno aplikacijo za izvedbo celostnih transakcij med preskusi na radiofrekvenčni komunikacijski plasti.
Ta dokument ne podvaja vsebine skupine standardov ISO/IEC 14443 ali standarda ISO/IEC DIS 10373-6. Sklicuje se na veljavne preskusne metode standarda ISO/IEC DIS 10373-6, določa preskusne pogoje, ki jih je treba uporabiti, in opisuje dodatne posebne preskusne pogoje, ki se lahko izvedejo.
Seznam preskusnih pogojev, ki veljajo za napravo javnega prometa, ki se preskuša, bo pogojen z izjavo o skladnosti informacij (ICS) proizvajalca naprave. Preskusni pogoji so jasno navedeni za vsak preskusni primer, da se določi primernost za izvajanje ali neizvajanje preskusnega primera v skladu z zmogljivostmi naprave ali izbiro proizvajalca naprave.
Za lažjo izdajo poročila o preskusu je v dodatku A tega dokumenta priložen vzorec poročila o preskusu.
Čeprav je namen tega dokumenta, da bi postal osnova za certificiranje brezkontaktnega komunikacijskega protokola med brezkontaktnim čitalnikom javnega prevoza in brezkontaktnim predmetom javnega prevoza, ne opisuje nobenih certifikatov ali postopkov za kvalifikacijo, saj naj bi bili taki postopki določeni med lokalnimi ali globalnimi interesnimi stranmi tranzitne industrije.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Nov-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
04-Nov-2019
Due Date
09-Jan-2020
Completion Date
07-Nov-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16794-2:2019
01-december-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16794-2:2017

Javni prevoz - Komunikacija med brezkontaktnimi čitalniki/terminali in prevoznimi

mediji - 2. del: Načrt za preskus po ISO/IEC 14443

Public transport - Communication between contactless readers and fare media - Part 2:

Test plan for ISO/IEC 14443
Öffentlicher Verkehr - Kommunikation zwischen berührungslosen Lesegeräten und
Fahrscheinmedien - Teil 2: Prüfplan zur ISO/IEC 14443

Transport Public - Communication entre terminaux et objets sans contact - Partie 2 :

Plan de test pour l'ISO/IEC 14443
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 16794-2:2019
ICS:
35.240.15 Identifikacijske kartice. Čipne Identification cards. Chip
kartice. Biometrija cards. Biometrics
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
prometu
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16794-2:2019
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16794-2:2019
CEN/TS 16794-2
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
October 2019
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 35.240.15; 35.240.60 Supersedes CEN/TS 16794-2:2017
English Version
Public transport - Communication between contactless
readers and fare media - Part 2: Test plan for ISO/IEC
14443

Transport Public - Communication entre terminaux et Öffentlicher Verkehr - Kommunikation zwischen

objets sans contact - Partie 2 : Plan de test pour berührungslosen Lesegeräten und Fahrscheinmedien -

l'ISO/IEC 14443 Teil 2: Prüfplan zur ISO/IEC 14443

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 17 June 2019 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................ 5

5 Description of the test environment ........................................................................................................ 6

5.1 Test bench .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Tolerances applicable to ambient-environment tests ....................................................................... 6

5.3 Test conditions for PCD ................................................................................................................................. 6

5.4 Test conditions for PICC ................................................................................................................................ 6

5.5 Positional tolerance ....................................................................................................................................... 6

5.6 Admissible tolerances on the measurements ....................................................................................... 6

6 PCD – Test plan ................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.1 PCD conformance to ISO/IEC 14443 series ............................................................................................ 7

6.2 PCD conformance to CEN/TS 16794-1 ..................................................................................................... 7

6.2.1 TC_PCD_D_TADT: PCD Type A detection time ....................................................................................... 7

6.2.2 TC_PCD_D_TBDT: PCD Type B detection time ....................................................................................... 8

6.2.3 TC_PCD_D_AFI: AFI value sent by the PCD .............................................................................................. 9

6.2.4 TC_PCD_D_RFU: Recommendations on RFU bits and values reception test ............................... 9

6.2.5 TC_PCD_D_PRO: Proprietary protocols management by the PCD ............................................... 11

6.2.6 TC_PCD_D_TAMF: ATQA sent after modulated field ......................................................................... 12

6.2.7 TC_PCD_D_TBMF: ATQB sent after modulated field ......................................................................... 12

6.3 Dual conformance of PCD to the CEN/TS 16794 series and EMV Contactless Interface

Specification ................................................................................................................................................... 13

7 PICC – Test plan ............................................................................................................................................. 14

7.1 PICC conformance to ISO/IEC 14443 series ........................................................................................ 14

7.2 PICC conformance to CEN/TS 16794-1 ................................................................................................. 15

7.2.1 TC_PICC_D_RFU: Recommendations on RFU bits and values reception test ........................... 15

7.2.2 TC_PICC_D_RAMP: field ramp-ups and shut-offs ............................................................................... 16

Annex A (informative) Test report templates ................................................................................................... 18

Annex B (informative) Traceability between requirements stated in CEN/TS 16794-1 and

test cases stated in this document ......................................................................................................... 29

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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 16794-2:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 278

“Intelligent transport systems”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN/TS 16794-2:2017.

This edition updates the test plan to verify the requirements expressed within CEN/TS 16794-1:2019

and relies on the test methods described in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—.
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document comes as a complement to the technical requirements expressed in CEN/TS 16794-1, for

ensuring contactless communication interoperability between Public Transport (PT) devices or

between PT devices compliant to CEN/TS 16794-1 and NFC mobiles devices compliant to NFC Forum

specifications.

This document lists all the test conditions to be performed on a PT reader or a PT object in order to

ensure that all the requirements specified in CEN/TS 16794-1 are met for the PT device under test.

This document applies to PT devices only:

— PT readers which are contactless fare management system terminals acting as a PCD contactless

reader based on the ISO/IEC 14443 series;

— PT objects which are contactless fare media acting as a PICC contactless object based on the

ISO/IEC 14443 series.

This document applies solely to the contactless communication layers described in Parts 1 to 4 of the

ISO/IEC 14443 series. Application-to-application exchanges executed once contactless communication

has been established at RF level fall outside the scope of this document. However, a test application will

be used so as to make end-to-end transactions during tests on the RF communication layer.

This document does not duplicate the contents of the ISO/IEC 14443 series or ISO/IEC 10373-6

standard. It makes reference to the ISO/IEC 10373-6 applicable test methods, specifies the test

conditions to be used and describes the additional specific test conditions that may be run.

The list of test conditions applicable to the PT device under test will be conditioned by the Information

Conformance Statement (ICS) declaration made by the device manufacturer. For each test case, the test

conditions are clearly specified in order to determine the pertinence to run or not the test case in

accordance with the device capabilities or in accordance with the device manufacturer’s choice.

In order to facilitate the test report issuance, a test report template is included in Annex A of this

document.

Although this document aims at becoming the primary basis for certification of contactless

communication protocol applicable to PT readers and PT objects, it does not describe any certification

or qualification processes as such processes should be defined between local or global transit industry

stakeholders.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

CEN/TS 16794-1, Public transport — Communication between contactless readers and fare media —

Part 1: Implementation requirements for ISO/IEC 14443

ISO/IEC 10373-6:— , Identification cards — Test methods — Part 6: Proximity cards

ISO/IEC 14443-1:2018, Cards and security devices for personal identification — Contactless proximity

objects — Part 1: Physical characteristics
Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/IEC DIS 10373-6:2017.
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)

ISO/IEC 14443-2:—, Identification cards — Contactless integrated circuit cards — Proximity cards –

Part 2: Radio frequency power and signal interface

ISO/IEC 14443-3:2018, Cards and security devices for personal identification — Contactless proximity

objects — Part 3: Initialization and anticollision

ISO/IEC 14443-4:2018, Cards and security devices for personal identification — Contactless proximity

objects — Part 4: Transmission protocol

ISO/IEC 15693-2, Cards and security devices for personal identification — Contactless vicinity objects —

Part 2: Air interface and initialization

ISO/IEC 18092, Information technology — Telecommunications and information exchange between

systems — Near Field Communication — Interface and Protocol (NFCIP-1)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
PT device
PT reader or PT object
3.2
PT object
ISO/IEC 14443 PICC specifically designed for the use in PT systems
3.3
PT reader
ISO/IEC 14443 PCD specifically designed for the use in PT systems
3.4
Reference PICC
Reference PICC card as defined in test method ISO/IEC 10373-6
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms

For the purposes of this document, the symbols and abbreviated terms given in CEN/TS 16794-1,

ISO/IEC 14443 (all parts), ISO/IEC 10373-6 and the following apply.
t Maximum Reference PICC time-to-detection
detect
Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/IEC DIS 14443-2:2017.
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5 Description of the test environment
5.1 Test bench

The test bench shall conform to the specifications set out in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Clause 5.

5.2 Tolerances applicable to ambient-environment tests

The ambient temperature and relative humidity shall conform to the specifications set out in

ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, 4.1. The tolerance for minimum and maximum temperatures is ± 3 °C.

5.3 Test conditions for PCD
Unless otherwise specified, the test conditions defined below shall be applied.
— For IFM readers:
Conditions Values

Test positions and Range A: Every position of range A (Position A1 to Position A7) with Reference

Reference PICCs PICCs 1, 2 and 3
Range B: Every position of range B (Position B1 to Position B3) with Reference
PICC 3
— For Common readers:
Conditions Values

Test positions and Range A: Position A1, Position A1,1, Position A1,2, Position A1,3, Position A1,4

Reference PICCs and Position A2 of range A with Reference PICCs 1, 2 and 3
Range B: no position
IFM readers, Common readers and test positions are defined in CEN/TS 16794-1.

Unless otherwise specified, the values defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table 4 shall be used to adjust

PCD-test-apparatus parameters.
5.4 Test conditions for PICC
Unless otherwise specified, the test conditions defined below shall be applied.
Conditions Values

Field strength For PICC Class 1: 1,5 A/m, 2 A/m, 2,5 A/m, 3,5 A/m, 4,5 A/m, 6 A/m and 7,5 A/m

For PICC Class 2 and Class 3: 1,5 A/m, 2 A/m, 2,5 A/m, 3,5 A/m, 4,5 A/m, 6 A/m
and 8,5 A/m

Unless otherwise specified, the values defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table 7 shall be used to adjust

PICC-test-apparatus parameters.
5.5 Positional tolerance
Parameter Unit Tolerance
PICC-to-PCD distance Millimetres (mm) ±1 mm, except at 0
5.6 Admissible tolerances on the measurements
Tolerances specified in ISO/IEC 10373-6 shall be applied.
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)
6 PCD – Test plan
6.1 PCD conformance to ISO/IEC 14443 series
Apply ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, O.1 with the following:

— Alternating magnetic field test (ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table O.8) shall be performed with Reference

PICC 1 only (in any possible PICC position).

— The procedure for H test of PCD field strength test (ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table O.9) shall be

min

performed with a V voltage of 6 V for Reference PICC 1 until 2020 and the two results for

load

Reference PICC 1 (with a V voltage of 4,5 V and with a V voltage of 6 V) shall be given in the

load load
test result.

In addition, the minimum field strength specified in CEN/TS 16794-1 for range B shall be used

instead of H for tests performed within range B.
min

— Modulation index and waveform test (ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table O.9) shall be performed with

Reference PICCs 1 and 2 in Position A1, Reference PICC 3 in Position B1 for IFM readers and

Position A1 for Common readers and the calibration coil at an arbitrary position.

— Load modulation reception test (ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table O.9) shall be performed with Reference

PICC 1 in Position A2 and Reference PICC 3 in Position B2 for IFM readers and Position A2 for

Common readers at minimum and maximum temperatures. At ambient temperature, see 5.3.

— PCD EMD immunity test (ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table O.9) shall be performed with Reference PICC 1

in Position A1 and Position A2.

— Position A1 shall be used for tests defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, Table O.11 and Table O.12.

NOTE More modifications may apply as defined in 6.3.
6.2 PCD conformance to CEN/TS 16794-1
6.2.1 TC_PCD_D_TADT: PCD Type A detection time
6.2.1.1 Scope / purpose

This test verifies that the PCD detects and selects a Type A Reference PICC entering the field and

indicating no SFGT needed, in less than t , regardless of the moment when the Reference PICC is

detect
placed within range A or B of the contactless reader.
6.2.1.2 Test procedure

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.2.7.3 with the following:

— step b), the LT is disabled until the start of timing measurement, a point of time randomly chosen,

independently from the PCD polling cycle;

NOTE If the PCD's field is not continuously active, the start of timing measurement is the moment when the

field is started.

— step e), the end of timing measurement corresponds to the beginning of the SOF of the first I-block

sent by the PCD;
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)

— this test procedure is repeated at least 10 times to get the average value for the Reference PICC

time-to-detection.
6.2.1.3 Test report

The test report shall give the average value for the Type A Reference PICC time-to-detection.

Fill the TC_PCD_D_TADT row of test plan summary in accordance with Table 1.
Table 1 — Result criteria for PCD Type A detection time test
Explanation Test result
Only when the average duration between the moment when the Type A

Reference PICC is enabled and the beginning of the first I-block sent by the PASS

PCD is less than t
detect
Any other case FAIL
6.2.2 TC_PCD_D_TBDT: PCD Type B detection time
6.2.2.1 Scope / purpose

This test verifies that the PCD detects and selects a Type B Reference PICC entering the field and

indicating no SFGT needed, in less than t , regardless of the moment when the Reference PICC is

detect
placed within range A or B of the contactless reader.
6.2.2.2 Test procedure

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.3.2.3 with the following:

— step b), the LT is disabled until the start of timing measurement, a point of time randomly chosen,

independently from the PCD polling cycle; when enabled, the LT will answer to the first valid

REQB/WUPB command frame using an AFI of 00h;

NOTE If the PCD's field is not continuously active, the start of timing measurement is the moment when the

field is started.

— step c), the LT answers with an ATQB not including the optional Extended ATQB byte (optional 4th

byte of protocol info field) whatever the Extended ATQB support indicated by the PCD in its

REQB/WUPB command frame;

— step h), the end of timing measurement corresponds to the beginning of the SOF of the first I-block

sent by the PCD;

— this test procedure is repeated at least 10 times to get the average value for the Reference PICC

time-to-detection.
6.2.2.3 Test report

The test report shall give the average value for the Type B Reference PICC time-to-detection.

Fill the TC_PCD_D_TBDT row of test plan summary in accordance with Table 2.
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)
Table 2 — Result criteria for PCD Type B detection time test
Explanation Test result
Only when the average duration between the moment when the Type B

Reference PICC is enabled and the beginning of the first I-block sent by the PASS

PCD is less than t
detect
Any other case FAIL
6.2.3 TC_PCD_D_AFI: AFI value sent by the PCD
6.2.3.1 Scope / purpose

This test verifies that the PCD uses an AFI of 00h when polling for Type B PICCs.

6.2.3.2 Test procedure

Perform the test procedure defined in 6.2.2.2 to verify that the PCD uses an AFI of 00h in at least some

REQB/WUPB command frames.
6.2.3.3 Test report

The test report shall state whether the PCD was using an AFI of 00h in at least some REQB/WUPB

command frames.
Fill the TC_PCD_D_AFI row of test plan summary in accordance with Table 3.
Table 3 — Result criteria for AFI value sent by the PCD test
Explanation Test result
Only when the PCD uses an AFI of 00h in at least one
PASS
REQB/WUPB command frame in its polling sequence
Any other case FAIL
6.2.4 TC_PCD_D_RFU: Recommendations on RFU bits and values reception test
6.2.4.1 Scope / purpose

This test verifies that the PCD complies with the requirements defined in the ISO/IEC 14443 series on

reception of bits and values reserved for future use.
These requirements in ISO/IEC 14443-3:2018 are the following:

— 5.3: A PICC or PCD receiving RFU bits shall ignore the value of these bits and shall maintain and not

change its function, unless explicitly stated otherwise.

— 6.5.2.1 (ATQA): A PCD detecting a collision in any bit of (b16 to b1) shall commence with the first

step of the anticollision loop (see 6.5.3.1). The PCD shall commence with the first step of the

anticollision loop regardless of any value in the proprietary field b12 to b9.

— 7.9.4.3 (FWI, Type B): Until the RFU value 15 is assigned, a PCD receiving FWI = 15 shall interpret it

as FWI = 4.

— 7.9.4.5 (Max_Frame_Size, Type B): Until the RFU values 'D' - 'F' are assigned, a PCD receiving

Maximum Frame Size Code = 'D' - 'F' shall interpret it as Maximum Frame Size Code = 'C' (maximum

frame size 4096 bytes).
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CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)

— 7.9.4.6 (Bit_Rate_capability, Type B): Until the RFU values with b4 = (1)b are assigned, a PCD

receiving Bit_Rate_capability with b4 = (1)b shall interpret the Bit_Rate_capability byte as if (b8 to

b1) = (00000000)b (only fc/128 in both directions).

— 7.9.4.7 (SFGI, Type B): Until the RFU value 15 is assigned, a PCD receiving SFGI = 15 shall interpret

it as SFGI = 0.
These requirements in ISO/IEC 14443-4:2018 are the following:

— 5.2.3 (FSCI, Type A): Until the RFU values 'D'–'F' are assigned, a PCD receiving an FSCI = 'D'-'F' shall

interpret it as FSCI = 'C' (FSC = 4096 bytes).

— 5.3.5 (SFGI, Type A): Until the RFU value 15 is assigned, a PCD receiving SFGI = 15 shall interpret it

as SFGI = 0.

— 5.3.5 (FWI, Type A): Until the RFU value 15 is assigned, a PCD receiving FWI = 15 shall interpret it

as FWI = 4.

— 7.2.2.2 (CID, Type A and Type B): A PICC or PCD receiving (b6,b5) = (01)b or (10)b or (11)b shall

treat it as a protocol error.

— 7.4 (WTXM, Type A and Type B): When receiving WTXM = 0 or WTXM = 60-63 the PCD shall treat it

as a protocol error.
6.2.4.2 Test procedures

Perform the 3 test procedures defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.2.4.3.1, H.2.4.3.2 and H.2.4.3.3, with the

following:
— step c), the LT answers with ATQA = 'FFFF'.

After the protocol activation procedure in accordance with ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.1.8.2 for Type A or

H.1.8.3 for Type B using FWI = 15, perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.4.2.3

with WTXM set to 1, 3 and 59.

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.3.2.3 with Maximum Frame Size Code set

to 'D', 'E' and 'F'.

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, I.3.2 with Bit_Rate_capability byte set to 'FF'.

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.3.2.3 with the following:

— step b), check if the extended ATQB option is supported or not by the PCD (bit 5 of REQB PARAM

byte);

— step c), if the extended ATQB option is supported by the PCD then the LT answers with ATQB

including the optional Extended ATQB byte (optional 4th byte of protocol info field) indicating

SFGI = 15;

— step h), the PCD shall send the first I-block after a minimum delay of ~302 μs.

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.2.7.3 with FSCI set to 'D', 'E' and 'F'.

Perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.2.8.3 with the following:

— step c), the LT answers with ATS including interface byte TB(1) equal '0F' indicating SFGI = 15;

— step e), the PCD shall send the first I-block after a minimum delay of ~302 μs.

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After the protocol activation procedure in accordance with ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.1.8.2 for Type A or

H.1.8.3 for Type B using FWI = 1, perform the test procedure defined in ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.4.2.3

with WTXM set to 0, 60 and 63.
NOTE Modifications to these procedures may apply as defined in 6.3.
6.2.4.3 Test report

The test report shall state whether the PCD complies with the recommendations defined in the

ISO/IEC 14443 series on reception of bits and values reserved for future use.
Fill the TC_PCD_D_RFU row of test plan summary in accordance with Table 4.

Table 4 — Result criteria for recommendations on RFU bits and values reception test

Explanation Test result
Only when the PCD complies with ISO/IEC 14443 series recommendations on
reception of bits and values reserved for future use in each of the test PASS
procedures
Any other case FAIL
6.2.5 TC_PCD_D_PRO: Proprietary protocols management by the PCD
6.2.5.1 Scope / purpose

This test verifies that the PCD comes back to applications using the ISO/IEC 14443-4 protocol when no

suitable application using such a proprietary protocol is found.
6.2.5.2 Test procedure

For each supported proprietary protocol, perform the protocol activation procedure defined in

ISO/IEC 10373-6:—, H.1.8 with the following:

— the LT answers only to the proprietary protocol, until the PCD decides no relevant application is

available,

— the LT then enables the ISO/IEC 14443-4 protocol (in addition to the proprietary protocol), until

the PCD activates the ISO/IEC 14443-4 protocol.
6.2.5.3 Test report

The test report shall state whether the PCD comes back to applications using the ISO/IEC 14443-4

protocol when no suitable application using such a proprietary protocol is found.

Fill the TC_PCD_D_PRO row of test plan summary in accordance with Table 5.
Table 5 — Result criteria for proprietary protocols management by the PCD
Explanation Test result
Only when the PCD comes back to applications using PASS
the ISO/IEC 14443-4 protocol when no suitable
application using such a proprietary protocol is found
Any other case FAIL
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6.2.6 TC_PCD_D_TAMF: ATQA sent after modulated field
6.2.6.1 Purpose

This test verifies the behaviour of the PCD when receiving modulated field before receiving ATQA.

6.2.6.2 Procedure
Place the LT into the PCD operating volume.
Use the following sequence:
a) The UT performs the activation procedure.
b) The LT waits until the PCD sends a valid REQA/WUPA command frame.
c) The LT sends its own field successively modulated with:
1) ISO/IEC 14443-2 Type A modulation with a valid REQA/WUPA coding
2) ISO/IEC 14443-2 Type B modulation with a valid REQB/WUPB coding
3) ISO/IEC 18092 modulation
4) ISO/IEC 15693-2 modulation
d) The LT waits for 5 ms
e) The LT waits until the PCD sends a valid REQA/WUPA command frame.
f) The LT answers with a valid ATQA.
g) The LT waits until the PCD sends a valid anticollision command according to
ISO/IEC 14443-3:2018.
6.2.6.3 Test report

The test report shall state whether the PCD correctly detects a Type A PICC after having previously

received modulated field.
Fill the TC_PCD_D_TAMF row of test plan summary in accordance with Table 6.
Table 6 — Result criteria for handling of bit collision during ATQA
Explanation Test result
Only when the PCD sends a valid anticollision command PASS
Any other case FAIL
6.2.7 TC_PCD_D_TBMF: ATQB sent after modulated field
6.2.7.1 Purpose

This test verifies the behaviour of the PCD when receiving modulated field before receiving ATQB.

6.2.7.2 Procedure
Place the LT into the PCD operating volume.
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16794-2:2019
CEN/TS 16794-2:2019 (E)
Use the following sequence:
a) The UT performs the activation procedure.
b) The LT waits until the PCD sends a valid REQB/WUPB command frame.
c) The LT sends its own field successively modulated with:
1) ISO/IEC 14443-2 Type A modulation with a valid REQA/WUPA coding
2) ISO/IEC 14443-2 Type B modulation with a valid REQB/WUPB coding
3) ISO/IEC 18092 modulation
4) ISO/IEC 15693-2 modulation
d) The LT waits for 5 ms
e) The LT waits until the PCD sends a valid REQB/WUPB command frame.
f) The LT answers with a valid ATQB.
g) The LT waits until the PCD sends a vali
...

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