This document specifies a set of key indicators for assessing the quality of museums:
— for the purpose of strategic planning and internal management of museums;
— for reporting to stakeholders such as funding institutions, policy makers, or the public;
— to promote the museums' role and value for learning and research, education and culture, social and economic life;
— for comparing results over time and between museums.
The aim of this document is to provide a selection of key indicators applicable to a wide range of museums. It is recognized that not all indicators are pertinent for each individual museum category or each individual museum. Limitations on the applicability of individual indicators are listed in the scope clause of the description of each indicator (see Annex A).
This document is not intended to exclude the use of other indicators not specified in it.

  • Standard
    74 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    69 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document provides a context for emergency planning, response and recovery for all types of an archive, library or museum collections in light of other existing plans. It provides responders and other stakeholders with an outline for planning, responding and recovering. This document does not address the causes of a critical event, but the consequences and wider impacts. This document outlines a cycle for developing, exercising and reviewing a plan, and how to present a plan. It aims to encourage responders to develop their capabilities in emergency preparedness and touches on some elements of response and recovery, where relevant, by highlighting indicators of good practice.
It is not intended to be an operations manual as there is no single approach that meets the needs of every site, nor is there one single set of organizational arrangements that is appropriate to each and every type of emergency.

  • Standard
    64 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    59 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    64 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    64 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This document defines terms used in the field of conservation of cultural heritage for the description of alteration of objects with particular attention to those terms which
are applied to many types of objects.This document applies to all types of material changes that can be observed.

  • Technical specification
    36 pages
    English, French and German language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document outlines the principles, processes and best practice for procuring conservation services and works for cultural heritage. This can embrace any conservation action or measure, whether it be a preventive measure, a remedial treatment, investigation, planning, policy, or project management, etc. The means of procuring such work will vary depending, among other things, on the scale of the work envisaged.
This document is not intended to override or conflict with European and national legislation covering procurement. Rather, it is to be read alongside relevant regulations covering procurement and is technically specific to the conservation of cultural heritage.
This document is intended to be used
-   by buyers or commissioners of conservation work (e.g. custodians, public or private individuals, collecting institutions, conservation specialists, conservation funding organisations etc.) and
-   by those individuals and enterprises seeking to carry out conservation work.
It is not intended to be used by institutional custodians as a means of directing work to their own staff.
NOTE   In this document the term "object" is used for object, objects and collections.

  • Standard
    17 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies a methodology for the characterization of mortars by using the most appropriate analytical techniques on samples taken from cultural heritage structures and objects.
This standard contains guidelines for the selection of methods to determine mineralogical, textural, physical, chemical and mechanical properties of mortars used in cultural heritage structures and objects. This information is used to define mortar typology and to evaluate the mortar condition with respect to its conservation as well as for understanding of the ongoing deterioration processes.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard defines the main general terms used in the field of conservation of cultural property with particular attention to those terms which have wide use or significance.

  • Standard
    58 pages
    English, French and German language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document defines the main general terms used in the field of conservation of cultural heritage with particular attention to those terms which have wide use or significance.

  • Standard
    58 pages
    English, French and German language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This standard gives guidelines on the criteria to be used for the on-site assessment of load-bearing timber structures in heritage buildings. It is intended for all those concerned with the conservation of heritage buildings which contain wooden elements, from the building owners or authorities who are responsible for them to the professionals employed. It should also help decision-making regarding the need for immediate measures. Its aim is to guarantee that condition survey and assessment provide the necessary data for historical analysis, structural safety assessment and planning of intervention works. This document is applicable to any kind of timber member and to any kind of historic timber structures. It is not applicable to timber members made of engineered wood based panels and glued laminated timber. This document provides a comprehensive procedure for the on-site assessment. With a practical and technical evaluation of the damage found and based on the responsibility of the involved professionals, a sufficient assessment can also be made when not all the steps are followed. In each different country, the document is expected to be applied in accordance with National legislation and regulations.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document gives guidelines on the criteria to be used for the on-site assessment of load-bearing timber structures in heritage buildings. It is intended for all those concerned with the conservation of heritage buildings which contain wooden elements, from the building owners or authorities who are responsible for them to the professionals employed. It should also help decision-making regarding the need for immediate measures. Its aim is to guarantee that condition survey and assessment provide the necessary data for historical analysis, structural safety assessment and planning of intervention works.
This document is applicable to any kind of timber member and to any kind of historic timber structures. It is not applicable to timber members made of engineered wood based panels and glued laminated timber.
This document provides a comprehensive procedure for the on-site assessment. With a practical and technical evaluation of the damage found and based on the responsibility of the involved professionals, a sufficient assessment can also be made when not all the steps are followed.
In each different country, the document is expected to be applied in accordance with National legislation and regulations.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document provides a context for emergency planning, response and recovery for all types of an archive, library or museum collections in light of other existing plans. It provides responders and other stakeholders with an outline for planning, responding and recovering. This document does not address the causes of a critical event, but the consequences and wider impacts. This document outlines a cycle for developing, exercising and reviewing a plan, and how to present a plan. It aims to encourage responders to develop their capabilities in emergency preparedness and touches on some elements of response and recovery, where relevant, by highlighting indicators of good practice. It is not intended to be an operations manual as there is no single approach that meets the needs of every site, nor is there one single set of organizational arrangements that is appropriate to each and every type of emergency.

  • Standard
    64 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    59 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    64 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    64 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This European Standard provides the guidelines for the choice of the operational cleaning technical specifications in order to optimize the cleaning operation. The fundamental requirements for each specific cleaning method are given as to adapt cleaning works for single specific cases.
The objective of cleaning may consist of removal of any combination of unwanted materials, such as: surface or near-surface materials which constitute a present or future threat to conservation, materials which prevent legibility of the object or are disfiguring by nature, deposits which are judged to be incompatible to the historical nature of the object.

  • Standard
    66 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document provides the guidelines for the choice of the operational cleaning technical specifications in order to optimize the cleaning operation. The fundamental requirements for each specific cleaning method are given as to adapt cleaning works for single specific cases.
The objective of cleaning may consist of removal of any combination of unwanted materials, such as: degraded protective coatings, surface or near-surface materials, which constitute a present or future threat to conservation, materials which prevent legibility of the object or are disfiguring by nature, deposits which are judged to be incompatible to the historical nature of the object.

  • Standard
    66 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies the information contained in the data sheet of the product in order to allow the end-user to make a preliminary selection of the most suitable products to use in a specific case of intervention.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies the information contained in the technical data sheet of the product in order to allow a preliminary selection of the most suitable products to use in a specific case of intervention.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European standard defines a methodology for the exposure in laboratory of stone materials specimens (see Note 1) to artificial source(s) characterized by spectral power distribution simulating solar radiation. The irradiation is finalized to the evaluation of changes of material characteristics induced by simulated daylight radiation.
This European standard is applicable to both natural and artificial materials untreated and treated (see Note 2).
NOTE 1   Stone materials are both natural stones (rocks) and artificial stone materials (mortars, stuccoes, bricks, ceramic materials, etc.).
NOTE 2   Treated materials are those on which one of the following treatments has been applied: cleaning, application of water repellent, consolidating materials or biocides and artificial ageing test.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document assesses the long-term susceptibility to light of materials and treatments used in conservation of porous inorganic materials. Examples may include materials which have been treated in the course of conservation (e.g. cleaning, consolidation, water repellents, coatings or biocides) or materials which may exhibit colour changes following exposure (e.g. mortars and small number of stones). The procedure can be used to evaluate the impact and longevity/durability of treatments against untreated materials or unexposed materials.
NOTE 1   Porous inorganic materials are both natural stones (rocks) and artificial stone materials (mortars, stuccoes, bricks, ceramic materials, etc.).
NOTE 2   Treated materials are those on which one of the following treatments has been applied: cleaning, application of water repellent, consolidating materials, coatings or biocides and artificial ageing.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This draft European Standard gives specifications and guidance for the location, construction or adaptation of any form of building, or spaces within an existing building, specifically intended for internal storage and use of all heritage collection types and formats (where use includes display or handling, etc.).
Clauses relating to risks associated with security, environmental hazards, fire, water and pests apply to buildings as a whole and to any room in which collections may be held. This standard applies to buildings where collections are housed permanently and can be used as guidance for shorter-term display spaces where appropriate.
Some of the clauses in this standard are applicable in protected historic buildings that contain collections. In these settings, the scope for any alterations or achievement of conditions suitable for collections may be limited by the historic character of the structure.
This draft European Standard should be seen as supplementary to national or local building regulations and specifications.

  • Standard
    55 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard gives specifications and guidance for the location, construction and arrangement of building specifically intended for internal storage of all heritage collection types and formats.
This standard applies to buildings where collections are housed permanently and can be used as guidance for shorter-term display spaces where appropriate. Throughout the document, where specifications relate exclusively to storage spaces, these are defined as such. Where specifications can also be applied to areas such as display galleries or reading rooms, these applications are referred to explicitly.
Clauses relating to risks associated with security, environmental hazards, fire, water and pests apply to buildings as a whole and to any room in which collections may be held.
Some of the clauses in this standard may be applicable in protected historic buildings that contain collections. In these settings, the scope for any alterations or achievement of conditions suitable for collections may be limited by the historic character of the structure, especially where it is protected by heritage regulations.
NOTE   This standard covers the structure of buildings containing heritage collections, whether for storage or use. For a description of technical processing spaces recommended in the design specifically of a storage building open to the public, attention is drawn to EN 16141.
This standard should be seen as complementary to national or local building regulations and specifications.

  • Standard
    55 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

The European Standard provides guidance for managing ventilation in heritage buildings, or buildings housing collections, in order to achieve adequate preservation of building fabric and objects they contain while at the same time creating an indoor environment that allows for a sustainable use of these buildings. The standard is a complement to existing general standards for ventilation in buildings focusing on human comfort.
This European Standard can also be used to support selection of heating strategies and heating systems for heritage buildings, or buildings housing collections (for guidelines for heating churches, chapels and other places of worship, see EN 15759-1).

  • Standard
    22 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard gives guidelines for ventilation management in order to improve the preservation conditions of cultural heritage buildings and their collections. At the same time, it is aimed to create an indoor environment for a sustainable use of these buildings and their collections. This standard is a complement to existing general standards for ventilation that are focused on human comfort.
This European Standard is the second part of a standard on indoor climate in cultural heritage buildings, i.e. EN 15759 1:2011. It should be used together with the first part when considering selection of heating strategies and heating systems for cultural heritage buildings, or buildings housing collections. It may be also used when considering other issues, e.g. assessment of buildings, interiors and contents, or improvements for the energy performance.
This European Standard deals with indoor climate conditions, ventilation strategies and generic technical solutions for their implementation but not with the technical equipment itself.

  • Standard
    22 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard provides guidelines for improving the energy performance of historic buildings, i.e. historically, architecturally or culturally valuable buildings, and reducing associated greenhouse gas emissions while respecting their heritage significance. The use of this standard is not limited to buildings with statutory heritage protection, but applies to historic buildings of all types and ages.
This European Standard presents a normative working procedure for selecting measures to improve energy performance, based on an investigation, analysis and documentation of the building and its heritage significance. The procedure assesses the impact of those measures in relation to preserving the character-defining elements of the building.

  • Standard
    32 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard describes decision-making, planning and implementation of conservation of tangible cultural heritage. It applies to material expressions of tangible cultural heritage such as individual objects, collections, the built environment, historic sites and cultural landscapes.
NOTE   This European Standard does not cover how to define cultural heritage nor who or what skills are required to undertake decisions or other parts of the process.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard provides guidelines for sustainably improving the energy performance of historic buildings, e.g. historically, architecturally or culturally valuable buildings, while respecting their heritage significance. The use of this standard is not limited to buildings with statutory heritage designation, it applies to historic buildings of all types and ages.
This European Standard presents a normative working procedure for selecting measures to improve energy performance, based on an investigation, analysis and documentation of the building including its heritage significance. The procedure assesses the impact of those measures in relation to preserving the character-defining elements of the building.

  • Standard
    32 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies the process of decision-making, planning and implementing the conservation of tangible cultural heritage. It applies to material expressions of tangible cultural heritage such as individual objects, collections, the built environment, historic sites, archaeological sites and cultural landscapes.
NOTE   This European Standard does not cover how to identify cultural heritage nor who or what competences are required to undertake decisions or other parts of the process.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard is a guide specifying adequate methodologies to be used for the measurement of the moisture content in materials of movable or immovable, outdoor or indoor, cultural heritage for conservation purposes. It is intended to assist users in the choice of the most appropriate system to obtain a reliable measurement in the respect of conservation needs. It indicates how moisture content can be directly or indirectly measured, i.e. distinguishing between non-contact and contact, non-invasive and invasive, non-destructive and destructive methodologies, when they are acceptable and when they are not, from the viewpoint of conservation. Advantages and disadvantages of each measuring system are illustrated. Uncertainties and factors that may affect readings and their interpretation are presented for each measuring system. This European Standard will provide advice and support in this complex matter.

  • Standard
    64 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

The document identifies the types of paper and board (cardboard, paperboard and corrugated board), which meet archival quality for the preparation of the record, document, books, and for the protection of archival material on paper and used in the preservation of heritage on paper.

  • Technical specification
    19 pages
    Slovenian language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard is aimed to inform and assist users in the choice and use of the most appropriate method to obtain reliable measurements of the moisture content, or water content, in wood and masonry (including brickwork, stonework, concrete, gypsum, mortars, etc.) in the specific case of the built cultural heritage.
It provides a basic framework to take and interpret this kind of measurements on the above cultural heritage materials that have undergone weathering, pest attack, salt migration or other transformations over time.
It specifies four absolute methods (i.e. gravimetric, Karl Fischer titration, azeotropic distillation and calcium carbide); explains their characteristics, pros and cons, and gives specifications for the transformation of readings into the same unit to make measurements taken with different methods comparable.
It specifies the three principal relative methods (i.e. electrical resistance, capacitance, and relative humidity in equilibrium with the material), pointing out their characteristics and uncertainties when used in the field of cultural heritage.
In addition, it provides an informative overview of ten other relative methods, their characteristics, pros and cons.
It gives specifications for the calibration of the various methods. It also compares the above methods in relation to their accuracy, sampling requirement, sample size, laboratory or field use, and other problems encountered in the field of cultural heritage to prevent instrument misuse, reduce uncertainties and avoid reading misinterpretation.

  • Standard
    64 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This International Standard establishes guidelines for the exchange of information between cultural
heritage institutions. In simple terms, this can be defined as the information managed by museums,
libraries, and archives.
A more detailed definition can be articulated by defining both the intended scope, a broad and maximally
inclusive definition of general principles, and the practical scope, which is defined by reference to a set
of specific museum documentation standards and practices.
The intended scope of this International Standard is defined as the exchange and integration of
heterogeneous scientific documentation relating to museum collections. This definition requires further
elaboration.
— The term “scientific documentation” is intended to convey the requirement that the depth and quality
of descriptive information that can be handled by this International Standard need to be sufficient
for serious academic research. This does not mean that information intended for presentation to
members of the general public is excluded, but rather that this International Standard is intended
to provide the level of detail and precision expected and required by museum professionals and
researchers in the field.
— The term “museum collections” is intended to cover all types of material collected and displayed
by museums and related institutions, as defined by ICOM3). This includes collections, sites, and
monuments relating to fields such as social history, ethnography, archaeology, fine and applied arts,
natural history, history of sciences and technology.
— The documentation of collections includes the detailed description of individual items within
collections, groups of items, and collections as a whole. This International Standard is specifically
intended to cover contextual information (i.e. the historical, geographical, and theoretical
background that gives museum collections much of their cultural significance and value).
— The exchange of relevant information with libraries and archives, and harmonization with their
models, falls within the intended scope of this International Standard.
— Information required solely for the administration and management of cultural institutions, such as
information relating to personnel, accounting, and visitor statistics, falls outside the intended scope
of this International Standard.
The practical scope4) of this International Standard is the set of reference standards for museum
documentation that have been used to guide and validate its development. This International Standard
covers the same domain of discourse as the union of these reference documents; consequently, for any
data that is correctly encoded in accordance with any of these reference documents, a form of encoding
can be created that is both compatible with the current standard and which entails no semantic loss.

  • Standard
    104 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    109 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    114 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This draft European Standard provides guidelines for safeguarding waterlogged wood on terrestrial sites of archaeological or historical significance. It deals with the protection of archaeological and historical waterlogged wood, from the time of exposure during and after excavation, until it reaches the conservation laboratory. The standard cannot be applied to the management of underwater sites, controlled reburial, in situ preservation, or long term post excavation storage. Composite artefacts of wood and other materials are also excluded from the standard.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European standard provides guidelines for safeguarding waterlogged wood on terrestrial sites of archaeological or historical significance. It deals with the protection of archaeological and historical waterlogged wood, from the time of exposure during and after excavation, until it reaches the conservation laboratory. The standard cannot be applied to the management of  controlled reburial, in situ preservation, long term post excavation storage or excavations under water. Composite artefacts, and other waterlogged materials are specifically excluded from this standard.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This standard defines methods for reducing pests and pest infestations, and managing pest infested objects and areas within the cultural property sector. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) implies a holistic approach to the pest problem, including preventive measures and treatments, emphasizing on non-toxic methods.

  • Standard
    29 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard defines Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and describes a comprehensive methodology for managing pest problems for protection of cultural heritage.
This European Standard applies to objects and buildings, housing collections, such as museums, archives, libraries, historic houses and buildings, places of worship, art dealers and auction rooms, art transport and storage companies.
This European Standard does not apply to caves, gardens, and parks.

  • Standard
    29 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European standard specifies the fundamental requirements of laser system for cleaning, a guidance for the choice of the more appropriate system for each specific intervention, the methodology to determine the value of operational parameters to be used in each intervention in order to optimize the efficacy and to prevent harmful effects on surface to be cleaned.
This Standard is applied to the cleaning of stone materials after the assessment of the condition

  • Standard
    23 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European standard applies to porous inorganic materials constituting cultural heritage. It provides the fundamental requirements of the laser parameters and guidelines for the choice of the laser operational parameters, in order to optimize the cleaning procedure.

  • Standard
    23 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard defines principles to be considered when transporting objects.
It should be used in accordance with EN 15946 "Conservation of cultural property – Packing principles for transport".

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document describes the terminology for mortars used in the field of cultural heritage.
NOTE   In addition to terms used in the three official CEN languages (English, French and German), this European Standard gives the equivalent terms in Dutch, Italian, Greek and Swedish; these are published under the responsibility of the member body/National Committee for NEN, UNI, ELOT and SIS and are given for information only. Only the terms and definitions given in the official languages can be considered as CEN terms and definitions.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard defines principles to be considered when transporting movable cultural heritage in accordance with EN 15946.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard describes the terminology for mortars used in the field of cultural heritage.
NOTE   In addition to terms used in the three official CEN languages (English, French and German), this European Standard gives the equivalent terms in Dutch, Italian, Greek, Swedish and Spanish; these are published under the responsibility of the member body/National Committee for NEN, UNI, ELOT, SIS and AENOR and are given for information only. Only the terms and definitions given in the official languages can be considered as CEN terms and definitions.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies a methodology for the characterisation of sound or deteriorated stones by using the most appropriate analytical techniques on samples taken from the site. This document does not include guidelines specific to archaeometric investigation or stone replacements.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies a methodology for the characterization of sound or deteriorated stones by using the most appropriate analytical techniques on samples taken from the object.
This European Standard contains guidelines for the selection of methods to determine mineralogical, textural, physical, chemical and mechanical properties of natural stone used in cultural heritage monuments and objects. This information is used to define rock typology and to evaluate the stone’s condition with respect to its conservation as well as for understanding of deterioration processes of natural stone. Where possible existing standards are referred to and guidance provided where different specimens are required and additional methods used. The methods described are generally destructive, however, non-destructive (NDT) methods are always preferable to methods with a minimum of destruction and those are always preferable to destructive methods.
Methods used for stone analysis can vary depending upon the objectives of the work. All investigation and analysis need be proportional to the significance of the building or artefact being investigated, its condition and the likely level of intervention. This European Standard will be used to determine the kind, extent, and objectives of the examination to be made.

  • Standard
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies the methodology for laboratory evaluation of the performance of water repellent products on porous inorganic materials.
It is based on the measurement of several parameters which assess the performance of the product using standard test methods before and after ageing.
NOTE   Acceptable performance within the laboratory does not constitute a blanket endorsement of application in every conservation situation. It is recommended that the particular context of the heritage object, including such factors as material designation, state of conservation, exposure, salt content and problems related to water ingress are further investigated.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies the methodology for laboratory evaluation of the performance of water repellent products on porous inorganic materials.
It is based on the measurement of several parameters which assess the performance of the product using standard test methods before and after ageing.
Acceptable performance within the laboratory does not constitute a blanket endorsement of application in every situation. The particular context of the heritage object, including such factors as material designation, condition, exposure, salt content and problems related to water ingress requires further investigation.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

EN 16455 provides a methodology for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of anions and cations obtained by dissolution of soluble salts present in either natural stone or other porous inorganic materials constituting cultural heritage and in materials and products used for their conservation. The methodology requires samples to have been taken from the cultural property. The main ions considered in this standard are: Cl-, NO2-, NO3-, SO42-, Na+, K+, NH4+, Ca2+, Mg2+.

  • Standard
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard provides a methodology for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of anions and cations obtained by dissolution of soluble salts present in either natural stone or other porous inorganic materials constituting cultural heritage and in materials and products used for their restoration. The methodology requires samples to have been taken from the cultural property.
The main ions considered in this standard are:
Cl-, NO2-, NO3-, SO42 -, Na+, K+, NH4+, Ca2+, Mg2+

  • Standard
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

CEN/TS 16163 defines the procedures as well as the means to implement adequate lighting, with regard to the conservation policy. It takes visual, exhibition and conservation aspects into account and it also discusses the implications of the lighting design on the safeguarding of cultural property. This Technical Specification gives recommendations on values of minimum and maximum illumination levels. It aims to provide a tool for setting up a common European policy and a guide to help curators, conservators and project managers to assess the correct lighting that can assure the safeguarding of the exhibits. This Technical Specification covers lighting for heritage objects on exhibition in both public and private sites and does not consider lighting in other cultural heritage contexts such as open-air collections, etc.

  • Technical specification
    32 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This Technical Specification defines the procedures as well as the means to implement adequate lighting, with regard to the conservation policy. It takes visual, exhibition and conservation aspects into account and it also discusses the implications of the lighting design on the safeguarding of cultural property. This Technical Specification gives recommendations on values of minimum and maximum illumination levels. It aims to provide a tool for setting up a common European policy and a guide to help curators, conservators and project managers to assess the correct lighting that can assure the safeguarding of the exhibits. This Technical Specification covers lighting for heritage objects on exhibition in both public and private sites and does not consider lighting in other cultural heritage contexts such as open-air collections, etc.

  • Technical specification
    32 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

EN 15999-1 specifies the characteristics and the conditions for use of showcases for safe and secure display of cultural heritage objects, reducing environmental interaction and complying with the requirements for better preservation.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies the characteristics and the conditions for use of showcases for safe and secure display of cultural heritage objects, reducing environmental interaction and complying with the requirements for better preservation.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard defines the characteristics of specific areas dedicated to the preservation, storage, management of, and access to collections. It specifies the considerations that should be taken into account to achieve optimum storage and accessibility.

  • Standard
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the drying behaviour of porous inorganic materials used for and constituting cultural property. The method may be applied to porous inorganic materials either untreated or subjected to any treatment or ageing.

  • Standard
    15 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day