Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances - Independent stoves, including those incorporating a grill for outdoor use

This standard specifies constructional and performance characteristics, safety specifications and rational use of energy, relevant test methods and marking of independent stoves, side burners, covered burners, open burners, contact grills, radiant grills, burning liquefied petroleum gas, referred to in the body of the text as "appliances".
This standard covers appliances, used outdoors and operating with the gases indicated in 4.1 and according to the categories specified in 4.2.
This standard applies to these appliances and their functional sections whether or not the latter are independent or incorporated into an assembly.
Appliances supplied with third family gas at pressures greater those defined in 4.2 are outside the field of application of this standard.
Appliances used in leisure vehicles and boats are outside the field of application of this standard.
Independent stove burners, whose nominal heat input is below 1,16 kW and grills, are not subject to any special requirement concerning the rational use of energy due to their low rate and their use for short periods of time.
This European Standard does not state all applicable requirements for integral equipments of other nature (for example barbecues covered by EN 498).
This standard does not cover regulators that must be used with those appliances and covered by EN 16129.

Festlegungen für Flüssiggasgeräte - Flüssiggasbetriebene Kochgeräte einschließlich solcher mit Grillteilen zur Verwendung im Freien

Diese Europäische Norm legt Konstruktions  und Leistungsmerkmale, Sicherheitsanforderungen und rationelle Energie¬nutzung sowie maßgebende Prüfverfahren und die Kennzeichnung von flüssiggasbetriebenen Kochgeräten, Kochteilen, verdeckten Brennern, offenen Brennern, Kontaktgrills, Strahlungsgrills, im Haupttext als Geräte bezeichnet, fest.
Diese Norm gilt für Geräte zur Verwendung im Freien, betrieben mit den in 4.1 aufgeführten Gasen entsprechend den in 4.2 festgelegten Kategorien.
Diese Norm gilt für diese Geräte und deren funktionale Bauteile, unabhängig davon, ob diese allein verwendet werden oder in eine Baugruppe eingebaut sind.
Geräte, die mit Gasen der 3. Gasfamilie bei einem höheren Druck betrieben werden als in 4.2 festgelegt, fallen nicht in den Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm.
Geräte zum Einsatz in Freizeitfahrzeugen und Booten fallen nicht in den Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm.
Brenner mit einer Nennwärmebelastung unter 1,16 kW sowie Grillgeräte unterliegen aufgrund ihrer geringen Leistung und der kurzen Betriebszeiten keinerlei Anforderungen an die rationelle Energienutzung.
Diese Europäische Norm enthält nicht alle Anforderungen, die für eingebaute Ausrüstungen anderer Art gelten (z. B. Grillgeräte nach EN 498).
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Regelgeräte, die mit diesen Geräten verwendet werden müssen und durch EN 16129 abgedeckt sind.

Spécifications pour les appareils fonctionnant exclusivement aux gaz de pétrole liquéfiés - Réchauds indépendants, équipés ou non d'un grilloir, utilisés en plein air

La présente norme a pour but de définir les caractéristiques de construction et de fonctionnement, les spécifications de sécurité et l'utilisation rationnelle de l'énergie, les méthodes d'essai afférentes ainsi que le marquage des réchauds indépendants, brûleurs latéraux, brûleurs couverts, brûleurs découverts, grilloirs par contact, grilloirs par rayonnement, fonctionnant aux gaz de pétrole liquéfiés, désignés dans l'ensemble du texte par « appareils ».
La présente norme couvre les appareils utilisés en plein air et fonctionnant avec les gaz spécifiés en 4.1 conformément aux catégories énumérées en 4.2.
La présente norme s'applique à tous ces appareils et à leurs éléments, que ces derniers soient indépendants ou incorporés dans un ensemble.
Les appareils alimentés avec les gaz de la troisième famille à des pressions supérieures à celles définies en 4.2 sont exclus du domaine d'application de la présente norme.
Les appareils utilisés dans les véhicules de loisirs et les bateaux sont également exclus du domaine d'application de la présente norme.
Les brûleurs de réchauds indépendants dont le débit calorifique nominal est inférieur à 1,16 kW, de même que les grilloirs, compte tenu de leur faible puissance et de leur utilisation sur de courtes durées, ne font l'objet d'aucune exigence particulière en matière d'utilisation rationnelle de l'énergie.
La présente Norme européenne ne définit pas l'ensemble des exigences applicables aux équipements intégrés d'une autre nature (par exemple, les barbecues sont couverts par l'EN 498).
La présente norme ne s'applique pas aux détendeurs qui doivent être utilisés avec ces appareils et qui sont couverts par l'EN 16129.

Specifikacija za plinske aparate na utekočinjeni naftni plin - Prostostoječi kuhalniki, vključno z žarom za zunanjo uporabo

Ta standard določa konstrukcijske značilnosti in značilnosti delovanja, varnostne specifikacije in racionalno uporabo energije, pomembne preskusne metode in označevanje prostostoječih štedilnikov, stranskih gorilnikov, pokritih gorilnikov, odprtih gorilnikov, žarov s ploščo, žarov s sevanjem na utekočinjeni naftni plin, ki so v telesu besedila označeni z besedo »aparati«.
Ta evropski standard zajema pripomočke, ki se uporabljajo na prostem in delujejo na pline, navedene v točki 4.1, ter skladno s kategorijami, določenimi v točki 4.2.
Ta standard se uporablja za te aparate in njihove funkcionalne dele, ne glede na to, ali so ti deli prostostoječi ali vgrajeni v sestav.
Aparati na plin tretje družine pri tlaku, ki presega tlak iz točke 4.2, so zunaj področja uporabe tega standarda.
Aparati, ki se uporabljajo v vozilih za prosti čas in čolnih, so zunaj področja uporabe aparatov tega standarda.
Za gorilnike na prostostoječih štedilnikih, ki imajo nazivno toplotno moč pod 1,16 kW, in žare ne veljajo nobene posebne zahteve glede racionalne uporabe energije zaradi njihove nizke stopnje in kratkotrajne uporabe.
V tem evropskem standardu niso navedene vse veljavne zahteve za sestavno opremo druge narave (na primer žari, zajeti v standardu EN 498).
Ta standard ne zajema regulatorjev, ki se morajo uporabljati s temi aparati, in regulatorjev, ki jih zajema standard EN 16129.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Nov-2015
Publication Date
14-May-2019
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
25-Apr-2019
Due Date
30-Jun-2019
Completion Date
15-May-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 484:2019
01-junij-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 484:1997
Specifikacija za plinske aparate na utekočinjeni naftni plin - Prostostoječi
kuhalniki, vključno z žarom za zunanjo uporabo

Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances - Independent stoves,

including those incorporating a grill for outdoor use

Festlegungen für Flüssiggasgeräte - Flüssiggasbetriebene Kochgeräte einschließlich

solcher mit Grillteilen zur Verwendung im Freien

Spécifications pour les appareils fonctionnant exclusivement aux gaz de pétrole liquéfiés

- Réchauds indépendants, équipés ou non d'un grilloir, utilisés en plein air
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 484:2019
ICS:
97.040.20 Štedilniki, delovni pulti, Cooking ranges, working
pečice in podobni aparati tables, ovens and similar
appliances
SIST EN 484:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 484:2019
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SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.040.20 Supersedes EN 484:1997
English Version
Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas
appliances - Independent stoves, including those
incorporating a grill for outdoor use

Spécifications pour les appareils fonctionnant Festlegungen für Flüssiggasgeräte -

exclusivement aux gaz de pétrole liquéfiés - Réchauds Flüssiggasbetriebene Kochgeräte einschließlich solcher

indépendants, équipés ou non d'un grilloir, utilisés en mit Grillteilen zur Verwendung im Freien

plein air
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 February 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 484:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Classification .................................................................................................................................................. 12

4.1 Classification of gases used ....................................................................................................................... 12

4.2 Classification of appliances ...................................................................................................................... 13

5 Constructional characteristics ................................................................................................................ 13

5.1 Operating with different gases ................................................................................................................ 13

5.2 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

5.3 Ease of cleaning and maintenance ......................................................................................................... 14

5.4 Manipulation of grills .................................................................................................................................. 14

5.4.1 Griddles ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

5.4.2 Radiant grills .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.5 Strength ........................................................................................................................................................... 14

5.6 Assembly ......................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.7 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

5.7.1 Stability of the appliance on a horizontal plane ................................................................................ 15

5.7.2 Stability of the appliance placed on a slope ........................................................................................ 15

5.7.3 Vessel stability............................................................................................................................................... 15

5.8 Construction of the gas circuit assembly ............................................................................................. 15

5.9 Connections .................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.10 Locking of wheels and castors ................................................................................................................. 16

5.11 Taps ................................................................................................................................................................... 16

5.12 Control handles ............................................................................................................................................. 17

5.12.1 Construction ................................................................................................................................................... 17

5.12.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.13 Injectors ........................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.14 Ignition devices ............................................................................................................................................. 18

5.15 Flame supervision devices ........................................................................................................................ 18

5.16 Burners ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

5.17 Appliance incorporating a gas container ............................................................................................. 19

5.18 Durability of markings ............................................................................................................................... 19

5.19 Auxiliary energy ........................................................................................................................................... 19

5.20 Resistance to liquid spillage ..................................................................................................................... 19

6 Performance characteristics .................................................................................................................... 20

6.1 Soundness ....................................................................................................................................................... 20

6.2 Verification of the nominal heat input ................................................................................................. 20

6.3 Flame supervision devices ........................................................................................................................ 20

6.4 Safety of operation ....................................................................................................................................... 20

6.4.1 Ignition, crosslighting ................................................................................................................................. 20

6.4.2 Flame stability ............................................................................................................................................... 20

6.4.3 Resistance to draught ................................................................................................................................. 20

6.4.4 Resistance to overheating ......................................................................................................................... 20

6.4.5 Soundness of burner parts ........................................................................................................................ 20

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SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)

6.5 Temperatures ................................................................................................................................................. 20

6.6 Overheating of the gas container ............................................................................................................ 22

6.7 Combustion ..................................................................................................................................................... 22

6.8 Sooting .............................................................................................................................................................. 22

6.9 Rational use of energy: Performance of the burners ....................................................................... 22

6.9.1 Open burners .................................................................................................................................................. 22

6.9.2 Covered burners ............................................................................................................................................ 22

6.10 Resistance to liquid spillage ..................................................................................................................... 22

7 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 23

7.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 23

7.1.1 Test gases ......................................................................................................................................................... 23

7.1.2 Test pressures ................................................................................................................................................ 24

7.1.3 Test procedures ............................................................................................................................................. 24

7.2 Verification of the constructional characteristics ............................................................................. 24

7.2.1 Conversion to different gases ................................................................................................................... 24

7.2.2 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................... 24

7.2.3 Ease of cleaning and maintenance .......................................................................................................... 24

7.2.4 Manipulation of grills .................................................................................................................................. 24

7.2.5 Strength ............................................................................................................................................................ 25

7.2.6 Assembly .......................................................................................................................................................... 25

7.2.7 Stability of the appliance ............................................................................................................................ 25

7.2.8 Soundness of the gas circuit assembly .................................................................................................. 26

7.2.9 Connections ..................................................................................................................................................... 26

7.2.10 Locking of wheels and castors .................................................................................................................. 26

7.2.11 Taps .................................................................................................................................................................... 26

7.2.12 Control handles .............................................................................................................................................. 26

7.2.13 Injectors............................................................................................................................................................ 26

7.2.14 Ignition devices .............................................................................................................................................. 26

7.2.15 Flame supervision devices......................................................................................................................... 26

7.2.16 Burners ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

7.2.17 Appliances incorporating a gas container ........................................................................................... 26

7.3 Verification of the performance characteristics ................................................................................ 26

7.3.1 Soundness ........................................................................................................................................................ 26

7.3.2 Verification of the nominal heat input .................................................................................................. 27

7.3.3 Flame supervision device........................................................................................................................... 27

7.3.4 Safety of operation ........................................................................................................................................ 27

7.3.5 Temperatures ................................................................................................................................................. 29

7.3.6 Overheating of the gas container ............................................................................................................ 30

7.3.7 Combustion ..................................................................................................................................................... 30

7.3.8 Sooting .............................................................................................................................................................. 31

7.3.9 Rational use of energy ................................................................................................................................. 31

7.3.10 Durability of the marking .......................................................................................................................... 34

8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

8.1 Appliance marking ....................................................................................................................................... 34

8.2 Packaging marking ....................................................................................................................................... 34

8.3 Instructions for assembly, use and maintenance .............................................................................. 35

Annex A (normative) National situations ............................................................................................................ 41

A.1 General .............................................................................................................................................................. 41

A.2 Categories marketed in the various countries and corresponding pressures ....................... 41

A.3 Types of connection used in various countries .................................................................................. 43

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SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)

A.4 Connection of appliances ........................................................................................................................... 44

Annex B (normative) Method of calculation of the nominal heat input .................................................. 48

B.1 Nominal heat input ...................................................................................................................................... 48

B.2 Corrected mass rate .................................................................................................................................... 48

B.3 Use of a wet meter ........................................................................................................................................ 49

B.4 Correction of the measured volume ...................................................................................................... 50

Annex C (normative) Composition of test gases ............................................................................................... 51

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

C.2 Wobbe index .................................................................................................................................................. 51

C.3 Purity ................................................................................................................................................................ 51

Annex D (normative) Surface temperature probe .......................................................................................... 52

D.1 Design ............................................................................................................................................................... 52

D.2 Validation test ............................................................................................................................................... 52

D.2.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 52

D.2.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 52

D.2.3 Validation ........................................................................................................................................................ 52

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 54

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SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 484:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 181 “Appliances

and leisure vehicle installations using liquefied petroleum gas and appliances using natural gas for

outdoor use”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2019, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 484:1997.
The following main technical changes have been made compared to EN 484:1997:

— inconsistencies raised by the European Commission against gas appliance Regulation have been

addressed;

— differences on test pressures between French and English versions have been addressed;

— the scope has been specified to indicate that regulators are not covered by this standard;

— the wording “hotplate” (not adapted for appliances covered by EN 484) has been replaced by

“stove”;

— the definition 3.9 “auxiliary equipment” has been replaced by “fitting” in the sense of the gas

appliance Directive;
— compliance to EN 1106 or EN 126 for the taps has been added;

— paragraphs 7.2.X regarding to the type of examination (visual and/or mechanical) have been

reworded;

— a 300 mm diameter pan and the corresponding sampling of product of combustion has been

added.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies constructional and performance characteristics, safety specifications and

rational use of energy, relevant test methods and marking of independent stoves, side burners,

covered burners, open burners, griddles, radiant grills, burning liquefied petroleum gas, referred to in

the body of the text as “appliances”.

This document covers appliances, used outdoors and operating with the gases of the third family

according to EN 437:2018.

Appliances used in leisure vehicles and boats are outside the field of application of this standard.

Independent stove burners, whose nominal heat input is below 1,16 kW, griddles and radiant grills,

are not subject to any special requirement concerning the rational use of energy due to their low rate

and their use for short periods of time.

This document does not state all requirements for appliances of other nature incorporating a stove

(for example barbecues are not covered by this standard but a side burner of a barbecue is covered by

this standard).
This document does not cover regulators that are used with those appliances.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

EN 125:2010+A1:2015, Flame supervision devices for gas burning appliances — Thermoelectric flame

supervision devices
EN 126:2012, Multifunctional controls for gas burning appliances

EN 161:2011+A3:2013, Automatic shut-off valves for gas burners and gas appliances

EN 298:2012, Automatic burner control systems for burners and appliances burning gaseous or liquid

fuels

EN 549:1994, Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment

EN 1106:2010, Manually operated taps for gas burning appliances

EN 10226-1:2004, Pipe threads where pressure tight joints are made on the threads — Part 1: Taper

external threads and parallel internal threads — Dimensions, tolerances and designation

EN 10226-2:2005, Pipe threads where pressure tight joints are made on the threads — Part 2: Taper

external threads and taper internal threads — Dimensions, tolerances and designation

EN 60335-2-102:2016, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-102: Particular

requirements for gas, oil and solid-fuel burning appliances having electrical connections (IEC

60335-2-102:2004)

EN ISO 228-1:2003, Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads — Part 1:

Dimensions, tolerances and designation (ISO 228-1:2000)
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SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this standard, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
independent stove

cooking appliance incorporating one or several covered or open burners and, if applicable, one or

several contact or radiant grills
3.2
side burner
part of a cooking appliance incorporating one or several covered or open burners

Note 1 to entry: It is designed in such a way that it can support the pans containing the food.

3.3
griddle

part of an appliance consisting of a plate placed above a burner, allowing for the cooking of food by

direct contact with the surface of this plate which is brought to a high temperature

Note 1 to entry: It may be:
— permanent, that is designed to be used only in the above conditions;

— with two functions: that is designed to be capable of being also used as covered or open burner after

removal or change of the detachable plate.
3.4
radiant grill

appliance or part of an appliance allowing for cooking by radiation from a surface brought to a high

temperature
3.5
cooking device

component part of the appliance designed to hold or receive the food to be cooked

3.6
appliance incorporating a gas container

appliance whose body or support includes a compartment for a liquefied petroleum gas container, or a

fixing or support device for this container
3.7
detachable
can be dismantled without using a tool
3.8
removable
can only be removed with a tool
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SIST EN 484:2019
EN 484:2019 (E)
3.9
fittings

safety devices, controlling devices or regulating devices and sub-assemblies, incorporated into the

appliance
Note 1 to entry: For example: tap, flame supervision device, ignition device.
3.10
burner
component that allow the gas to burn
Note 1 to entry: It may be:

— non-aerated burner, in which the air for combustion is entrained entirely at the burner outlet;

— aerated burner, in which part of the air for combustion, termed primary air, is entrained by the gas flow and

mixed before the burner outlet. The remainder of the air, termed secondary air, is drawn in after the burner

outlet.
3.11
ignition burner (pilot)
small burner whose flame is designed to light another burner
3.12
covered burner

burner where the pans being heated are screened from direct flame contact by the interposition of a

surface on which they rest
Note 1 to entry: A covered burner may be:
— permanent, that is designed to be used only with the plate in position;

— with two functions: that is designed to be capable of being used as uncovered burner after removal of a

detachable plate.
3.13
open burner
burner where the pans being heated are in direct contact with the flames
3.14
pan support

support placed above an open burner, and designed to support the pan being heated

3.15
injector
component part that admits the gas into an aerated burner
Note 1 to entry: There are two types of injectors:
...

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