Residential solid fuel burning appliances - Part 1: General requirements and test methods

This European Standard is applicable to residential solid fuel burning appliances.
This European Standard is not applicable to appliances with boiler parts in contact with fire or flue gases other than steel or cast iron.
This European Standard includes as well appliances which are designed for operating under room sealed conditions and that are intended to be installed with a chimney not serving any other appliance.
NOTE   Appliances receiving combustion air from outside by means of a pipe system which is not air tight are not considered roomsealed.
This European Standard does not cover appliances to be operated with ventilating systems which have pressure below - 15 Pa in the room of installation of the appliance in relation to the outside atmosphere
This European Standard specifies requirements relating to the design, manufacture, construction, safety and performance (efficiency and emission) of roomheaters fired by solid fuel (hereafter referred to as "appliance(s)") and provides instructions for them. Furthermore, it also gives provisions for evaluation of conformity i.e. initial type testing (ITT) and factory production control (FPC) and marking of these appliances.
This European Standard covers as well the CO, NOx, OGC/total hydrocarbons and particulate matter emission test methods, however it does not contain any limit values for these emissions.

Häusliche Heizgeräte für feste Brennstoffe - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für häusliche Feuerstätten, die mit festen Brennstoffen betrieben werden.
Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an Auslegung, Herstellung,  Ausführung, Sicherheit und Leistungsfähigkeit (Wirkungsgrad und Emission) von Feuerstätten für feste Brennstoffe fest (im Folgenden als "Feuerstätte(n)" bezeichnet) und stellt deren Anleitungen bereit. Darüber hinaus enthält diese Norm auch Festlegungen für die Konformitätsbewertung, d. h. Typprüfung (ITT) und werkseigene Produktionskontrolle (WPK) sowie die Kennzeichnung dieser Feuerstätten.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt auch Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Emissionen von CO, NOx, OGC und Staub (PM/PME - siehe Anhang F), allerdings sind in dieser Europäischen Norm keine Grenzwerte für diese Emissionen festgelegt.
Feuerstätten, denen Verbrennungsluft über eine nicht luftdichte Verbrennungsluftleitung von außen zugeführt wird, werden nicht als raumluftunabhängig betrachtet. Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Feuerstätten, deren wasserführende Bauteile mit Feuer oder Abgasen in Berührung kommen, es sei denn sie bestehen aus Stahl oder Gusseisen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Feuerstätten mit wasserführenden Bauteilen, die für Wassersysteme mit folgenden Eigenschaften vorgesehen sind:
-   Wassertemperaturen über 110 °C und/oder Betriebsdruck von mehr als 3 bar;
-   direkter Kontakt mit Brauchwarmwasser.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Feuerstätten für den gemeinsamen Betrieb mit Lüftungsanlagen, die einen Druck unter -15 Pa im Aufstellraum der Feuerstätte gegenüber der äußeren Umgebung, erzeugen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Feuerstätten, die zum Tragen der Last eines Schornsteins ausgelegt sind.

Equipement de chauffage domestique - Partie 1 : Exigences et méthodes d'essai générales

La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux appareils de chauffage domestiques à combustible solide.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives à la conception, à la fabrication, à la construction, à la sécurité et aux performances (rendement et émissions) des appareils à combustible solide (ci-après dénommés « appareils ») et fournit des instructions les concernant. En outre, elle donne des dispositions pour l’évaluation de la conformité, c’est-à-dire les essais de type initiaux (ITT), le contrôle de la production en usine (CPU) et le marquage de ces appareils.
La présente Norme européenne couvre également les méthodes d’essai d’émission de CO, NOx, COV et particules fines (PM/PME, voir l’Annexe F) ; toutefois, les valeurs limites pour ces émissions ne sont pas indiquées.
Les appareils recevant leur air de combustion au moyen d’un système de gaines depuis l’extérieur de l’enveloppe extérieure, qui n’est pas étanche à l’air, ne sont pas considérés comme étanches. La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux appareils dont des parties du bouilleur en contact avec la combustion ou les fumées sont construites dans des matériaux autres que l’acier ou la fonte.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux appareils avec un bouilleur prévus pour les circuits d’eau
-   dont les températures d’eau sont supérieures à 110 °C et/ou la pression de service est supérieure à 3 bar ;
-   en contact direct avec l’eau chaude sanitaire.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux appareils conçus pour fonctionner avec des systèmes de ventilation prévus pour fonctionner avec une pression inférieure à   15 Pa par rapport à l’atmosphère extérieure, lorsqu’elle est mesurée dans la pièce où l’appareil est installé.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux appareils prévus pour porter la charge d’un conduit de fumée.

Stanovanjske grelne naprave na trdna goriva - 1. del: Splošne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za stanovanjske grelne naprave na trdna goriva.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za naprave z grelnimi deli, ki prihajajo v stik s požarnimi ali dimnimi plini, razen z jeklom ali s surovim železom.
Ta evropski standard vključuje tudi naprave, ki so zasnovane za delovanje v nepredušno zaprtih prostorih in so namenjene namestitvi z dimnikom, ki se ne uporablja za nobeno drugo napravo.
OPOMBA: Naprave, ki dobivajo zrak za zgorevanje od zunaj prek sistema cevi, ki prepušča zrak, se ne štejejo kot naprave v nepredušno zaprtem prostoru.
Ta evropski standard ne zajema naprav, ki jih je treba upravljati s prezračevalnimi sistemi s tlakom, nižjim od 15 Pa v prostoru namestitve naprave glede na zunanje okolje.
Ta evropski standard določa zahteve v zvezi z zasnovo, izdelavo, sestavo, varnostjo in zmogljivostjo (učinkovitostjo in emisijami) grelnikov prostorov na trdno gorivo (v nadaljevanju »naprave«) ter podaja navodila zanje. Poleg tega podaja določbe za vrednotenje skladnosti, tj. začetni tipski preskus (ITT), ter kontrolo proizvodnje v obratu (FPC) in označevanje teh naprav.
Ta evropski standard zajema tudi preskusne metode za emisije CO, NOx, OGC/skupnih ogljikovodikov in delcev, pri čemer ne vsebuje mejnih vrednosti za takšne emisije.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Mar-2013
Publication Date
21-Aug-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-Jul-2018
Due Date
13-Sep-2018
Completion Date
22-Aug-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Stanovanjske grelne naprave na trdna goriva - 1. del: Splošne zahteve in preskusne metodeHäusliche Heizgeräte für feste Brennstoffe - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenEquipement de chauffage domestique - Partie 1 : Exigences et méthodes d'essai généralesResidential solid fuel burning appliances - Part 1: General requirements and test methods97.100.30Grelniki na trdo gorivoSolid fuel heatersICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16510-1:2018SIST EN 16510-1:2018en,fr,de01-september-2018SIST EN 16510-1:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13229:2003SIST EN 13240:2003SIST EN 12809:2003SIST EN 12815:20031DGRPHãþD

SIST EN 16510-1:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
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s u t v rã t r r sEnglish Version
Residential solid fuel burning appliances æ Part

sã General requirements and test methods Appareils de chauffage domestiques à combustion solide æ Partie

sã Exigences générales et méthodes d 5essai
Häusliche Feuerstätten für feste Brennstoffe æ Teil

sã Allgemeine Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t v March
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x w s ræ sã t r s z ESIST EN 16510-1:2018

EN 16510-1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 7 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10 4 Classification of appliances and system boundary for roomsealed appliances .................... 21 4.1 Classification of appliances ...................................................................................................................... 21 4.2 System boundary .......................................................................................................................................... 22 5 Performance requirements in relation to materials, design and construction .................... 22 5.1 Production documentation....................................................................................................................... 22 5.2 Construction and materials ...................................................................................................................... 23 5.2.1 General construction .................................................................................................................................. 23 5.2.2 Integral boiler or heat exchanger .......................................................................................................... 24 5.2.3 Cleaning of heating surfaces..................................................................................................................... 29 5.2.4 Flue gas outlet ............................................................................................................................................... 30 5.2.5 Flueways .......................................................................................................................................................... 30 5.2.6 Ashpan and ash removal ........................................................................................................................... 30 5.2.7 Bottomgrate ................................................................................................................................................... 30 5.2.8 Combustion air supply ............................................................................................................................... 31 5.2.9 Damper ............................................................................................................................................................ 31 5.2.10 Charging doors andash-pit doors ........................................................................................................... 31 5.2.11 Flue bypass device ....................................................................................................................................... 31 5.2.12 Internal flue gas diverter .......................................................................................................................... 32 5.2.13 Front firebars ................................................................................................................................................ 32 5.2.14 Solid mineral fuel and peat briquettes burning appliances ......................................................... 32 5.2.15 Draught regulator ........................................................................................................................................ 32 5.3 Sound level ..................................................................................................................................................... 32 6 Performance requirements in relation to safety .............................................................................. 32 6.1 Natural draught ............................................................................................................................................ 32 6.2 Open operation of an appliance .............................................................................................................. 32 6.3 Strength and leaktightness of boiler shells ........................................................................................ 33 6.4 Temperature rise in the fuel storage (other than the fuel hopper) ........................................... 33 6.5 Temperature rise of the operating components ............................................................................... 33 6.6 Temperature of adjacent combustible materials ............................................................................. 33 6.7 Safety devices for appliances fitted with a boiler ............................................................................. 33 6.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 33 6.7.2 Appliances intended for sealed water systems ................................................................................. 33 6.7.3 Safety devices for appliances fitted with a heat exchangers that are not directly in contact with fire ........................................................................................................................................................... 34 6.8 Electrical safety and functional safety of electrical components ................................................ 34 6.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34 6.8.2 Electrical safety ............................................................................................................................................. 34 6.8.3 Functional safety of control functions with electrical components ........................................... 35 6.9 Safety requirements of roomsealed appliances ................................................................................ 35 6.10 Minimum distances from non combustible walls ............................................................................. 35 6.11 Requirements for appliances suitable for a shared flue system ................................................. 35 SIST EN 16510-1:2018

EN 16510-1:2018 (E) 3 6.12 General safety aspects of the water system ......................................................................................... 35 7 Performance requirements in relation to the appliance operation ........................................... 36 7.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 36 7.2 Flue gas temperature and flue gas outlet temperature .................................................................. 36 7.3 Emissions ......................................................................................................................................................... 37 7.3.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 37 7.3.2 Carbon monoxide emission ....................................................................................................................... 37 7.3.3 NOx emissions ................................................................................................................................................ 37 7.3.4 Emission of organic gaseous carbon (OGC) ......................................................................................... 37 7.3.5 Particulate matter (PM / PME) emissions ........................................................................................... 37 7.4 Efficiency .......................................................................................................................................................... 37 7.5 Flue draught .................................................................................................................................................... 38 7.6 Recovery test .................................................................................................................................................. 39 7.7 Refuelling intervals ...................................................................................................................................... 39 7.8 Space heat output.......................................................................................................................................... 39 7.9 Water heat output ......................................................................................................................................... 39 7.10 User operations ............................................................................................................................................. 39 8 Appliance instructions ................................................................................................................................ 40 8.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 40 8.2 Installation instructions ............................................................................................................................. 40 8.3 User operating and maintenance instructions................................................................................... 42 9 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance – AVCP ............................................ 44 9.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 44 9.2 Type testing ..................................................................................................................................................... 44 9.2.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 44 9.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria ................................................................................... 46 9.2.3 Test reports ..................................................................................................................................................... 46 9.2.4 Shared other party results ......................................................................................................................... 47 9.2.5 Cascading determination of the product type results ..................................................................... 47 9.3 Factory production control (FPC) ........................................................................................................... 48 9.3.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 48 9.3.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 49 9.3.3 Product specific requirements................................................................................................................. 54 9.3.4 Procedure for modifications ..................................................................................................................... 54 9.3.5 One-off products, pre-production products (e.g. prototypes) and products produced in very low quantity .......................................................................................................................................... 54 10 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 55 Annex A (normative)

Test methods ...................................................................................................................... 59 A.1 Test environment ......................................................................................................................................... 59 A.1.1 Ambient room temperature ...................................................................................................................... 59 A.1.2 Cross-draught ................................................................................................................................................. 59 A.1.3 External sources ............................................................................................................................................ 59 A.2 Test assembly ................................................................................................................................................. 59 A.2.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 59 A.2.2 Trihedron ........................................................................................................................................................ 60 A.2.3 Measurement section .................................................................................................................................. 61 SIST EN 16510-1:2018

EN 16510-1:2018 (E) 4 A.2.4 Connection of appliance to measurement section ........................................................................... 62 A.2.5 Water circuit for appliances with boilers ............................................................................................ 63 A.3 Measurement equipment .......................................................................................................................... 64 A.4 Test procedures ............................................................................................................................................ 65 A.4.1 Appliance installation ................................................................................................................................ 65 A.4.2 Fuel load and basic firebed ....................................................................................................................... 65 A.4.3 Fuelling and de-ashing the fire ................................................................................................................ 66 A.4.4 Flue gas losses ............................................................................................................................................... 66 A.4.5 Water heat output ........................................................................................................................................ 67 A.4.6 Combustible heat losses in the residue ................................................................................................ 67 A.4.7 Performance test at nominal heat output ........................................................................................... 67 A.4.8 Part load heat output test ......................................................................................................................... 71 A.4.9 Slow combustion and recovery test ....................................................................................................... 71 A.4.10 Safety tests ...................................................................................................................................................... 73 A.4.11 Safety tests of roomsealed appliances .................................................................................................. 79 A.5 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 81 A.6 Calculation methods .................................................................................................................................... 82 A.6.1 Notations and units used ........................................................................................................................... 82 A.6.2 Formulae ......................................................................................................................................................... 83 A.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 87 Annex B (normative)

Test fuels and recommended fuels .......................................................................... 102 B.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 102 B.2 Test fuel ......................................................................................................................................................... 102 B.2.1 Selection of test fuel .................................................................................................................................. 102 B.2.2 Storage, preparation and analysis ....................................................................................................... 102 B.3 Tests for recommended fuels ................................................................................................................ 102 B.3.1 Basis of testing ............................................................................................................................................ 102 B.3.2 Test methods and criteria ....................................................................................................................... 103 Annex C (informative)

Arrangement for measuring the leakage rate ................................................... 109 Annex D (normative)

Measuring procedure for nitrogen oxides (NOx) ............................................... 110 D.1 General procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 110 D.2 Measuring principle of analysers ......................................................................................................... 110 D.2.1 General description ................................................................................................................................... 110 D.2.2 Chemiluminescense method .................................................................................................................. 111 D.2.3 Non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) method ........................................................................................... 112 D.2.4 Other methods ............................................................................................................................................. 113 SIST EN 16510-1:2018

EN 16510-1:2018 (E) 5 D.3 Description of measuring equipment ................................................................................................. 113 D.3.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 113 D.3.2 Sampling line ............................................................................................................................................... 113 D.3.3 Filter ............................................................................................................................................................... 114 D.3.4 Sample pump ............................................................................................................................................... 114 D.3.5 Secondary filter .......................................................................................................................................... 114 D.3.6 Flow controller and flow meter ............................................................................................................ 114 D.3.7 Converter ...................................................................................................................................................... 114 D.4 Setting of measurement system ........................................................................................................... 114 D.4.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 114 D.4.2 Preliminary zero and span check and adjustments ...................................................................... 115 D.5 Calculation method ................................................................................................................................... 116 Annex E (normative)

Measuring procedure for organic gaseous carbon (OGC) ................................ 117 E.1 General procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 117 E.2 Description of measuring equipment ................................................................................................. 117 E.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 117 E.2.2 Sampling probe and filter ....................................................................................................................... 117 E.2.3 Sampling line ............................................................................................................................................... 118 E.2.4 Sample pump ............................................................................................................................................... 118 E.2.5 Secondary filter .......................................................................................................................................... 118 E.2.6 Analyser (FID) ............................................................................................................................................. 118 E.2.7 FID fuel ........................................................................................................................................................... 118 E.2.8 FID combustion air .................................................................................................................................... 118 E.3 Setting of measurement system ........................................................................................................... 118 E.3.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 118 E.3.2 Preliminary zero and span check and adjustments ...................................................................... 119 E.4 Calculation of OGC...................................................................................................................................... 120 E.4.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 120 E.4.2 Calculation assumptions ......................................................................................................................... 120 E.4.3 Calculation of organic gaseous compounds ..................................................................................... 120 Annex F (normative)

Measuring procedure for particulate matter (PM) ............................................ 122 F.1 General principle ....................................................................................................................................... 122 F.2 Heated filter ................................................................................................................................................. 122 F.2.1 General........................................................................................................................................................... 122 F.2.2 Test set-up .................................................................................................................................................... 122 F.2.3 Test procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 124 SIST EN 16510-1:2018

EN 16510-1:2018 (E) 6 F.2.4 Overall blank sample ................................................................................................................................ 126 F.2.5 Calculation .................................................................................................................................................... 126 F.3 Full flow dilution tunnel .......................................................................................................................... 127 F.3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 127 F.3.2 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................ 127 F.3.3 Equipment .................................................................................................................................................... 127 F.3.4 Particulate matter sampling train ....................................................................................................... 132 F.3.5 Reagents ........................................................................................................................................................ 133 F.3.6 Test procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 134 F.3.7 Overall blank sample ................................................................................................................................ 136 F.3.8 Calculations .................................................................................................................................................. 137 Annex G (informative)

Guideline for the characteristics to be taken into account in order to decide on families of appliances ................................

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