Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Content of organic substances - Methods for extraction and analysis

This Technical Specification specifies existing methods for the determination of the content of non-volatile organic substances in construction products.
Covered substances are phenols, PAH, PCB, phthalates, PBDE, organotin, dioxin and furans, biocides and plant protection products.
The selection of the extraction, clean-up and analysis method(s) to be applied is based on the product matrix and the required sensitivity.

Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen - Gehalt an organischen Stoffen - Extraktions- und Analyseverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt vorhandene Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Gehalts spezifischer organischer Stoffe in Bauprodukten fest.
Die folgenden Parameter sind abgedeckt: BTEX, Biozide, Dioxine, Furane und dioxinähnliche PCBs, Mineralöl, Nonylphenole, PAK, PCB, PCP, PBDE sowie kurzkettige Chlorparaffine.
ANMERKUNG 1   Sich noch in der Entwicklung befindliche oder ausschließlich auf nationaler Ebene vorhandene Verfahren sind für PFOS, PFOA, HBCD und EOX in Anhang B aufgeführt. Diese Verfahren können in den normativen Text aufgenommen werden, sobald die vollständigen EN Normen verfügbar sind.
ANMERKUNG 2   Verfahren, die für Bauprodukte nicht validiert wurden, da zum Zeitpunkt der Robustheitsvalidierung kein geeignetes Material verfügbar war, sind ausschließlich in Anhang B aufgeführt. Dies betrifft Organozinn-verbindungen, Phenole und Phthalate.
Die in diesem Dokument aufgeführten Verfahren stammen aus unterschiedlichen Bereichen und gelten als geeignet für organische Stoffe in organischen Extrakten aus allen Arten von Bauprodukten.
Die Verfahren in diesem Dokument sind für die in Anhang A aufgeführten Produkttypen validiert.
ANMERKUNG 3   Zu Bauprodukten zählen unter anderem mineralische Produkte, bituminöse Produkte, Holzprodukte, Polymerprodukte und Metalle. Diese Technische Spezifikation enthält analytische Verfahren für alle Matrices mit Ausnahme von Metallen.

Produits de construction - Evaluation de l'émission de substances dangereuses - Teneur en substances organiques - Méthodes d'extraction et d'analyse

Gradbeni proizvodi - Ocenjevanje sproščanja nevarnih snovi - Vsebnost organskih snovi - Metode ekstrakcije in analize

Ta tehnična specifikacija določa obstoječe metode za določanje vsebnosti nehlapnih organskih snovi v gradbenih proizvodih.  Zajema naslednje substance: fenoli, PAH, PCB, ftalati, PBDE, organokositrove spojine, dioksini in furani, biocidi in izdelki za zaščito rastlin. Izbira metod za ekstrakcijo, čiščenje in analizo temelji na matrici izdelka in zahtevani občutljivosti.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Jan-2019
Publication Date
26-May-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-May-2019
Due Date
12-Jul-2019
Completion Date
27-May-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17331:2019
01-julij-2019
Gradbeni proizvodi - Ocenjevanje sproščanja nevarnih snovi - Vsebnost organskih
snovi - Metode ekstrakcije in analize

Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Content of

organic substances - Methods for extraction and analysis
Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen - Gehalt an
organischen Stoffen - Extraktions- und Analyseverfahren

Produits de construction - Evaluation de l'émission de substances dangereuses - Teneur

en substances organiques - Méthodes d'extraction et d'analyse
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 17331:2019
ICS:
13.020.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi z Other standards related to
varstvom okolja environmental protection
91.100.01 Gradbeni materiali na Construction materials in
splošno general
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17331:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 17331:2019
CEN/TS 17331
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
May 2019
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 91.100.01
English Version
Construction products: Assessment of release of
dangerous substances - Content of organic substances -
Methods for extraction and analysis

Produits de construction: Evaluation de l'émission de Bauprodukte: Bewertung der Freisetzung von

substances dangereuses - Teneur en substances gefährlichen Stoffen - Gehalt an organischen Stoffen -

organiques - Méthodes d'extraction et d'analyse Extraktions- und Analyseverfahren

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 11 February 2019 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 17331:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Sample preparation ....................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Blank determination ..................................................................................................................................... 9

7 Interferences .................................................................................................................................................... 9

8 Selection of the suitable test method ....................................................................................................... 9

9 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 11

10 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (informative) Validation of content of organic substances in construction products ....... 13

Annex B (informative) Overview of methods still under development and alternative

methods ............................................................................................................................................................ 14

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

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European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 17331:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 351

“Construction products: Assessment of release of dangerous substances”, the secretariat of which is

held by NEN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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Introduction

This Technical Specification deals with the determination of the content of organic substances in

construction products.

Following an extended evaluation of available methods for content and eluate analysis in construction

products (CEN/TR 16045) it was concluded that existing methods for determining content of various

organic substances in soil, sludge and waste are applicable to construction products. The present

document therefore contains reference to such other standards for the substances of interest.

This Technical Specification is part of a modular horizontal approach and belongs to the analytical

step. An overview of all modules which belong to a chain of measurement, and the manner how

modules are selected is given in CEN/TR 16220 [1].

In the growing amount of product and sector oriented test methods it was recognized that many steps

in test procedures are or could be used in test procedures for many products, materials and sectors. It

was supposed that, by careful determination of these steps and selection of specific questions within

these steps, elements of the test procedure could be described in a way that can be used for all

materials and products or for all materials and products with certain specifications.

In this context a horizontal modular approach was adopted in CEN/TC 351. “Horizontal” means that

the methods can be used for a wide range of materials and products with certain properties. “Modular”

means that a test standard developed in this approach concerns a specific step in assessing a property

and not the whole “chain of measurement” (from sampling to analyses). A beneficial feature of this

approach is that “modules” can be replaced by better ones without jeopardizing the standard “chain”.

The use of modular horizontal standards implies the drawing of test schemes as well. Before executing

a test on a certain material or product to determine certain characteristics it is necessary to draw up a

protocol in which the adequate modules are selected and together form the basis for the entire test

procedure.

Further guidance on the applicability of specific test methods can be found in CEN/TR 16496 [2].

NOTE In Annex B, several methods are mentioned which are, to the current knowledge of

CEN/TC 351/WG 5 members, national standards or in the process of standardization (at European or national

level). Please inform the CEN/TC 351 secretariat if you know of other such standardization activities.

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1 Scope

This document specifies existing methods for the determination of the content of specific organic

substances in construction products.

The following parameters are covered: BTEX, biocides, dioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs, mineral

oil, nonylphenols, PAH, PCB, PCP, PBDE, and short-chain chlorinated paraffins.

NOTE 1 Methods still under development or available at national level only are listed in Annex B for PFOS,

PFOA, HBCD and EOX. The methods can be included in the normative text as soon as full EN standards are

available.

NOTE 2 Methods that have not been validated for construction products, because no suitable material was

available at the time of the robustness validation, only are listed in Annex B. This applies to organotin

compounds, phenols and phthalates.

The methods listed in this document come from different fields and are expected to be suitable for

organic substances in organic extracts from all types of constructions products.

The methods in this document are validated for the product types listed in Annex A.

NOTE 3 Construction products include, e.g. mineral-based products, bituminous products, wood-based

products, polymer-based products and metals. This document includes analytical methods for all matrices except

metals.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

EN 14039, Characterization of waste — Determination of hydrocarbon content in the range of C10 to

C40 by gas chromatography

CEN/TR 14823, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Quantitative determination of

pentachlorophenol in wood — Gas chromatographic method

EN 15637, Foods of plant origin — Determination of pesticide residues using LC-MS/MS following

methanol extraction and clean-up using diatomaceous earth

CEN/TR 16045:2010, Construction Products — Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Content

of regulated dangerous substances — Selection of analytical methods

EN 16167, Sludge, treated biowaste and soil — Determination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) by gas

chromatography with mass selective detection (GC-MS) and gas chromatography with electron-capture

detection (GC-ECD)

EN 16181, Soil, treated biowaste and sludge — Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

(PAH) by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

CEN/TS 16182, Sludge treated biowaste and soil — Determination of nonylphenols (NP) and

nonylphenol-mono- and diethoxylates using gas chromatography with mass selective detection (GC-MS)

EN 16190, Soil, treated biowaste and sludge — Determination of dioxins and furans and dioxin-like

polychlorinated biphenyls by gas chromatography with high resolution mass selective detection (HR GC-

MS)
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EN 16687:2015, Construction products — Assessment of release of dangerous substances —

Terminology

EN 17087, Construction products: Assessment of release of dangerous substances — Preparation of test

portions from the laboratory sample for testing of release and analysis of content

EN ISO 17294-1:2006, Water quality — Application of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

(ICP-MS) — Part 1: General guidelines (ISO 17294-1:2004)

EN ISO 18219, Leather — Determination of chlorinated hydrocarbons in leather — Chromatographic

method for short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP) (ISO 18219)

EN ISO 22032, Water quality — Determination of selected polybrominated diphenyl ethers in sediment

and sewage sludge — Method using extraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (ISO 22032)

NEN 7331, Bitumen and bitumen containing materials — Determination of the content of polycyclic

aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) — Gas

chromatographic method with mass-spectrometric detection (in English)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
blank value

test result obtained by carrying out the test procedure in the absence of a test portion

Note 1 to entry: The blank value is expressed in the same units as for presenting the test results as usual for

that test.
[SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 4.1.10]
3.2
extract
solution resulting from extraction of a sample with a solvent
[SOURCE: CEN/TR 16045:2010, 2.2.4]
3.3
extraction
dissolution of substances in a solvent for subsequent chemical analysis

Note 1 to entry: Extraction is usually done with an organic solvent to extract organic substances for chemical

analysis or for special analysis of inorganic substances.
[SOURCE: CEN/TR 16045:2010, 2.2.5]
3.4
laboratory sample
sample or subsample(s) sent to or received by the laboratory
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[SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.2.1]
3.5
method detection limit
MDL

smallest analyte concentration that can be detected with a specified analytical method including

sample preparation with a defined statistical probability

[SOURCE: EN ISO 17294-1:2006, 3.12, modified – “including sample preparation” added, symbol

replaced by abbreviation]
3.6
product matrix

main composition of the product dictating the manner of sample preparation and the type of digestion

or extraction for later chemical analysis

Note 1 to entry: For construction products for example the following product matrices can be distinguished:

— bituminous products;
— metals;
— plastics/rubbers;
— silica-based products;
— wood-based products.
[SOURCE: CEN/TR 16045:2010, 2.2.6; edited]
3.7
sample
portion of material selected from a larger quantity of material
[SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.1.5]
3.8
test portion
analytical portion

amount of the test sample taken for testing/analysis purposes, usually of known weight or volume

[SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.2.3]
3.9
test sample

sample, prepared from the laboratory sample, from which test portions are removed for testing or

analysis
[SOURCE: EN 16687:2015, 3.2.2]
4 Abbreviations
For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations apply.
AAS atomic absorption spectrometry
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AED atomic-emission detector
BTEX alkylated benzenes: sum of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes
ECD electron capture detection
ECNI electron captur
...

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