This document specifies a method for measuring the effective shoe length to accommodate the foot.
This document is not applicable to heel and toe open shoes (example: sandals).

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This document specifies a test method (growth test) for the qualitative evaluation of the antifungal activity of footwear and footwear components exposed to the action of filamentous micro-fungi.
This document is only applicable to footwear and components that claim to have antifungal (antimycotic) or antimicrobial treatment effects.

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This document specifies a method for determining the dimensional change of footwear insoles and insocks after cycle wetting and drying regardless of the material.

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This document specifies a method to determine the amounts of dimethylformamide (DMF) in footwear and footwear components containing polyurethane (PU) coated material.
NOTE 1   In the footwear industry, when PU is injected (reaction moulded), this process does not require the use of DMF. For PU coated material, the use of DMF is possible.
NOTE 2   Several abbreviations can be used for dimethylformamide DMF, DMFa, DMFo. This document uses DMF.
ISO/TR 16178:2021, Table 1 defines which materials are concerned by this determination.

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This document specifies a range of procedures for the sample preparation of footwear and footwear components to carry out chemical tests. It further specifies how to designate the samples.
The sampling procedures specified are designed to allow concurrent chemical testing for footwear
This document is applicable to all types of footwear and footwear components.

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This document specifies a method to determine the amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in footwear and footwear components.
NOTE            A list of relevant materials can be found in ISO/TR 16178:2021, Table 1[3].

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This document specifies a test method for measuring the force required to pull a single heel pin out of a heel. This test method is used both to measure the heel pin holding strength of heel materials by using a standard heel pin and a method of insertion, and to assess the heel nailing of commercial production.
This test method is applicable to testing plastics and wooden heels for women’s footwear. Heels composed of layers of fibreboard or leather and low plastics heels for men’s footwear cannot be tested by this method.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the content of specific phthalates (see Annex A) by pyrolyzer/thermal desorption gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py/TD-GC-MS). This document is applicable to all types of footwear materials except textiles.
NOTE   See also CEN/TR 16417 for a list of the specific phthalates to which this document applies.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the content of dimethyl fumarate (DMFU) by gas chromatograph with single quadrupole mass spectrometer (GC-MS) or tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer (GC-MS/MS).
This document is applicable to all types of footwear and footwear components except metal parts.

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This document specifies a test method to determine the qualitative and quantitative presence of phthalate compounds (see Annex A) in footwear and footwear components.
NOTE 1 A list of relevant materials potentially containing phthalates can be found in ISO/TR 16178:2012, Annex A or in CEN/TR 16417.
NOTE 2 This test method can also be used to determine phthalates other than those listed in Annex A, subject to validation.

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This document defines lists of critical chemical substances potentially present in footwear and footwear components.
This document describes the critical chemical substances, their potential risks of nocuousness, in which materials they could be found, and which test method(s) can be used to quantify them.
The test methods listed indicate the state of the art. For some substances, a test method is not available.
This document is applicable to any kind of footwear and footwear components.

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This document specifies two test methods for the determination of the flexing durability of whole shoes. The two methods might not give comparable results.
NOTE     The selected test method depends on agreement between relative parties who use this test method or product standards which reference this test method.
These methods are not applicable to the whole shoes with heel height more than 50 mm, or the thickness of flexing area of the soles more than 25 mm, or flexing angle less than 45° according to ISO 17707:2005, Clause 6.

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This document provides a method for determining the coefficient of friction between footwear and floorings under conditions simulating those experienced in the phases of a typical walking step when slip is most likely to occur.
The method is applicable to all types of footwear and footwear components, outsole units, heel top pieces (top lifts) and sheet soling materials, excepting PPE footwear (Personal Protective Equipment) and special purpose footwear containing spikes, metal studs or similar.

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This document specifies a method for determining the attachment strength of footwear upper straps joined to the sole, hooks, eyelets and trims.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the rubbing resistance of leather and synthetic materials using rubber.
The method aims to establish testing conditions that are similar to those of the practical use of footwear subjected to drastic stress, as is the case of hiking or children's footwear, where the upper of one of the shoes is expected to rub with the sole of the other.
This method is applicable to all types of leather and synthetic materials intended for shoe uppers.

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This document specifies a method for determining the attachment pull-out strength of heel top pieces.
This method is applicable to all kind of heels with top pieces.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of the content of 12 kinds of Nitrosamines (see Annex A) in footwear and footwear components by using solvent extraction and Gas chromatography with mass selective detector (GC-MS).
This document is applicable to rubber in footwear materials.
NOTE  ISO/TR 16178 defines which materials are concerned by this

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This document specifies three test methods (method A, method B and method C) for assessing the degree of transfer of a material's surface colour during dry or wet rubbing and a method (method D) for determining the likelihood of colour bleeding.
The methods are applicable to all footwear uppers, linings and insocks, irrespective of the material. Method D is also applicable to sewing threads and shoelaces.
The methods are:
—          method A: to-and-fro square rubbing finger fastness testing machine;
—          method B: rotative rub fastness testing machine;
—          method C: to-and-fro circular rubbing finger fastness testing machine;
—          method D: colour fastness to bleeding.

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This document specifies quantitative challenge test methods for evaluating the antifungal activity of footwear and footwear components.
This document is applicable only to footwear and components that claim to have antifungal (antimycotic) properties or antimicrobial properties.
Two methods can be applied. The choice of method depends on the material properties and test microorganisms. Dynamic challenge test method can be applied to all types of materials. For single absorbent materials, static challenge test method is recommended. Brief descriptions of each method are given in 11.2 and 11.3.

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ISO 22653:2003 specifies two methods of assessing the frictional properties of lining and insocks, irrespective of the material.

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ISO 17703:2003 specifies a test method for determining the effect of heat on the tensile strength of uppers or complete upper assemblies irrespective of the material, in order to assess the suitability for the end use.

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ISO 17702:2003 specifies a test method for determining the resistance of footwear upper material to water penetration on flexing, in order to assess the suitability for the end use.

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ISO 17709:2004 specifies the sampling location, preparation and duration of conditioning of samples and test pieces for footwear components and footwear, to carry out the test methods needed to determine the suitable properties for the end use.

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ISO 17696:2004 specifies a test method for assessing the tear strength of uppers, linings and insocks or complete upper assemblies, irrespective of material, in order to assess suitability for end use.

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ISO 18895:2006 specifies a test method for assessing the fatigue resistance of steel shanks of at least 100 mm in length used for the reinforcement of the waist region of women's shoes and of some men's and children's shoes.

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ISO 17706:2003 specifies a test method for determining the force required to break a test specimen from uppers irrespective of the material, in order to asses the suitability for the end use.

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ISO 17705:2003 specifies a test method for determining the thermal conductivity of uppers, lining and insocks irrespective of the material, in order to assess the suitability for the end use.

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ISO 10750:2015 describes a method intended to determine the attachment strength of the top and bottom stops of a slide fastener. The method is applicable to all types of slide fastener for footwear.

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This document describes a test method for determining the resistance to separation of the upper from the outsole, for separating adjacent layers of the outsole or for causing tear failure of the upper or the sole. It also defines conditions of ageing that can be used for production control.
This document is applicable to all types of footwear (cementing, vulcanisation, injection moulding, etc.) where the evaluation of sole adhesion on the upper is needed and where the upper is continuously assembled (closed shoe).
NOTE 1    In all cases the objective is to test the bond strength nearest to the edge of the assembly.
NOTE 2           The test need not be carried out when the bond has been made by grindery (using, for example, nails or screws) or stitching

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ISO 20863:2018 specifies a method for the determination of the bondability of heat activated and solvent activated stiffeners and toepuffs to upper and lining materials.

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ISO 20536:2017 specifies a method to determine the amount of phenol in footwear and footwear components. It is applicable to all parts of footwear except for metal parts.
NOTE       ISO/TR 16178:2012, Table 1 defines which materials are included in this determination.

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ISO 17698:2016 specifies a test method for determining the delamination resistance of uppers made from coated material, in order to assess the suitability for the end use.

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ISO 10764:2016 describes a method intended to assess the lateral strength of a closed slide fastener for footwear. The method is applicable to all types of slide fastener.

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ISO 17697:2016 specifies two test methods for determining the seam strength of uppers, lining or insocks, irrespective of the material, in order to assess the suitability for the end use.
These methods are as follows.
-      Method A: Needle perforations. For determining the force required to pull a row of needles through an upper material, in a direction perpendicular to the row.
-      Method B: Stitched seams. For determining the breaking strength of stitched seams in shoe upper and lining materials. This method is applicable to seams cut from shoes or made up to simulate footwear constructions.

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ISO 10734:2016 specifies a test method intended to assess the strength of slide fastener pullers for footwear. The method is applicable to all types of footwear slide fastener.

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ISO 10751:2016 describes a method intended to determine the resistance of a slide fastener to repeated opening and closing. The method is applicable to all types of slide fastener with a teeth length greater than 80 mm.

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ISO 22649:2016 specifies two test methods for determining the water absorption and desorption of insoles and insocks, irrespective of the material.
These methods are as follows.
-      Method A: Determination of the static water absorption and desorption of insoles and insocks.
-      Method B: Determination of the dynamic water absorption and desorption of insoles and insocks.

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ISO 17701:2016 discolouration of another material when stored in close contact. This method is applicable to all materials which are used in intimate contact to adhesives which are used to bond them.

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ISO 18403:2016 specifies a test method intended to determine the maximum lateral force applied to a slide fastener for footwear under which it will close without failure. The method is applicable to all types of slide fastener.

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ISO 17694:2016 specifies a test method for determining the flex resistance of uppers and linings irrespective of the material in order to assess the suitability for the end use.

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This Technical Report is intended to provide information on the chemicals listed in the Candidate List / Annex XIV of the Regulation (EC) 1907/2006, also known as REACH (Regulation, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) and their usage and presence in the footwear industry.
The Annex XIV, overseen by the ECHA (European Chemicals Agency), is a list of substances subject to authorization, substances of very high concern (SVHC). Before the inclusion of a substance in the Annex XIV, the procedure is strictly fixed:
-   A European member state shall propose it to ECHA.
-   ECHA inform all the members’ state and a first enquiry is done in order to include the substance to the candidate list of Annex XIV.
-   After the agreement of the member’s state, ECHA includes the substances in the candidate list to Annex XIV. As soon as a substance has been included in the candidate list, it should be taken into account exactly as a SVHC.
-   ECHA prioritises the substances from the Candidate List to determine which ones should be included in the Authorisation List (Annex XIV of REACH) and therefore, subject to authorisation. ECHA regularly submits recommendations to the European Commission, who will decide on the substances to be included in the Authorisation List.
Following the evaluation of the Annex XIV substances, ECHA can take the decision to restrict the substances. This restriction may take the form of an authorization for use, an authorisation only for specific applications in specified fields or, in some cases, a complete ban on the use of the substance.
During the evaluation process, these chemicals are not forbidden or limited in use. The regulation requires that the user shall be informed if one or more of these substances are present in any part of the article in quantity over 0,1 % by weight.
This Technical Report shows which of these chemicals may be present in footwear materials and the footwear industry in order to help shoe manufacturers to collect mandatory information from suppliers regarding the content of these chemicals and, at same time, allow them to provide accurate information to their customers.
The test methods reported in Annex 1 are informative only to identify where these chemicals may be found and control the use along the supply chain where their suppliers are not under the jurisdiction of the REACH Regulation.
Taking into account final decision of the European Commission, ECHA, implements the Annex XIV and the candidate list to Annex XIV of REACH, regularly. This revision interval is difficult to follow by the standardization procedures.
Therefore this document reflects the situation at the date of June 2014. This document will be annually revised.
This Technical Report does not concern the substances for which restriction have been already enacted under Annex XVII of REACH.
NOTE   Chemicals that are restricted under Annex XVII, are identified as a category 1 chemical in CEN ISO/TR 16178.

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ISO 16187:2013 specifies quantitative test methods to evaluate the antibacterial activity of footwear and components.
It is applicable to all types of footwear and components employing non-diffusing antibacterial treatments.

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ISO 16177:2012 specifies a test method for determining the resistance of a component or material to crack initiation and growth due to repeated flexing. The method is mainly applicable to outsoles of footwear but may also be used with certain other flexible components.

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This European Standard has been designed to define certain test methods necessary to issue the footwear Ecolabel, Many of the criteria are defined in the core of the text. However, for some criteria, this European Standard provides important clarification or gives a test method to assess the ecological criteria.
NOTE   The footwear Ecolabel has been published in the OJEC of July 28th, 2009.
This European Standard applies to any kind of footwear except those containing electrical or electronic components.
The chemical analysis of the metallic components is outside of the scope of this European Standard.

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ISO/TS 16179:2012 specifies a test method for determining the presence of organotin compounds. This test method is applicable to all types of footwear materials.

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ISO 20877:2011 specifies a method for measuring insulation of footwear against heat or cold, in order to provide information for assessing footwear comfort.
ISO 20877:2011 is applicable to all types of closed footwear or boots, except footwear used as personal protective equipment.

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ISO 10748:2011 specifies a test method to determine the locking strength of a slide fastener slider for footwear. The method is applicable to all types of slide fastener that have a slider locking device.

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ISO 10717:2010 specifies a test method intended to assess the burst strength of a closed slide fastener for footwear. The method is applicable to all types of slide fastener.

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ISO 10768:2010 specifies a test method for the determination of the resistance of elastic materials for footwear, to repeated extension produced during normal walking. The test can be carried out before and after accelerated ageing. This method is applicable to any elastic material used for footwear.

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ISO 10765:2010 specifies a test method for the determination of some typical parameters of elastics for footwear using the strength/elongation graph, which is obtained from the tensile strength test. This method is applicable to any elastic material used for footwear.

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