This document describes a laboratory test method, using an IGT1-type or a prĂĽfbau2-type printability tester, for the preparation of specimens to evaluate the absorption rate of an ink on a substrate in offset lithography by setting-off the printed surface to an unprinted surface. This method describes testing with an amount of ink simulating either single colour or multi-colour printing. The print and the set-off print (counter print) are made with interval times, between print and set-off, common for the target process. This method evaluates a particular ink and substrate combination. Â 1These materials are available from IGT Testing Systems, www.igt.nl. This information is given for the convenience of the users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of the products. Equivalent products may be used if they can be shown to lead to the same results. 2These materials are available from prĂĽfbau, Dr.-Ing. H. DĂĽrner GmbH, www.pruefbau.de. This information is given for the convenience of the users of this document and does not constitute an endorsement by ISO of the products. Equivalent products may be used if they can be shown to lead to the same results.

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This document specifies a method of measuring the visual opacity of printed specimens of white ink. It is applicable to printing opaque white ink on transparent and white or coloured opaque substrates.

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This document specifies offset ink related properties which are intended to be communicated between ink supplier and the printer, and which are essential for the optimized print production planning and the intended use of the final product. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â The final product is not necessarily the finished print product. Aspects related to food safety and other safety requirements like children's toys safety are not part of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies methods of assessing the resistance of printed materials to liquid and solid agents, solvents, varnishes and acids. It applies to printing on all substrates by any of the traditional printing process (offset, screen, gravure, flexo) as well as the newer digital processes (inkjet, electrophotography). Aspects of food safety and consumer protection for food contact materials are not covered.

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IEC 62899-202-6:2020(E) provides a method of in-situ measurement for the resistance change of a conductive layer formed by printing methods on a flexible substrate under specified temperature and humidity conditions.

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This document specifies a test procedure for the preparation of test prints on paper, board, metals, foils and other suitable substrates using paste inks, such as for offset and letterpress printing, using electrically driven IGT-type and prüfbau-type printability testers. This document describes the procedure for reference optical density and reference ink film thickness. This document describes the method as used on the current models of testers. Most of the described procedures are also applicable in analogy to the older models but can require additional steps to be executed or recalculation of the settings to make them conform to this document

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This document specifies a method of measuring the visual opacity of printed specimens of white ink. It is applicable to printing opaque white ink on transparent and white or coloured opaque substrates.

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IEC 62899-204:2019 (E) defines the terms and specifies the standard methods for characterisation and evaluation. This document is applicable to insulator inks and printed insulating layers that are made from insulator inks used for printed electronics. The insulator inks include dielectric inks.

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IEC 62899-202-3:2019(E) defines terms and specifies a standard method for the measurement of the sheet resistance of printed conductive films using a contactless eddy-current method.

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IEC 62899-203:2018(E) defines terms and specifies standard methods for characterisation and evaluation. This document is applicable to semiconductor inks and semiconductive layers that are made from semiconductor inks.

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IEC 62899-202-5:2018(E) specifies a mechanical bending test for evaluating the electrical properties of a printed conductive layer on an insulating substrate under repeated mechanical deformation.

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This document specifies the test procedure for determining the tack value of neat paste inks and
vehicles which have low volatility and are unreactive under normal room conditions during the
timespan required for testing.
This document contains a basic description of Inkometer®1) and Inkomat®2) (Geometry A) and
TackOscope®3) and TackTester®4) (Geometry B).

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This document specifies the colour and transparency characteristics that are to be met by each ink
in a process colour ink set intended for proof and production printing using offset lithography. The
specified printing conditions (which use a laboratory printability tester), the defined substrate and a
method for testing to ensure conformance are also defined. Characteristics are specified for inks used
for sheet-fed, heat-set web and radiation-curing processes.
This document does not apply to fluorescent inks and it does not specify pigments (or spectral
characteristics — except informatively) in order not to preclude developments which may enable
different pigment combinations to be used advantageously while still achieving the colorimetric
requirements specified in this document.

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ISO 12634 specifies the test procedure for determining the tack value of neat paste inks and vehicles which have low volatility and are unreactive under normal room conditions during the timespan required for testing. ISO 12634 contains a basic description of Inkometer® and Inkomat® (Geometry A) and TackOscope® and TackTester® (Geometry B).

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ISO 2846-1:2017 specifies the colour and transparency characteristics that are to be met by each ink in a process colour ink set intended for proof and production printing using offset lithography. The specified printing conditions (which use a laboratory printability tester), the defined substrate and a method for testing to ensure conformance are also defined. Characteristics are specified for inks used for sheet-fed, heat-set web and radiation-curing processes. ISO 2846-1:2017 does not apply to fluorescent inks and it does not specify pigments (or spectral characteristics ? except informatively) in order not to preclude developments which may enable different pigment combinations to be used advantageously while still achieving the colorimetric requirements specified in this document.

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This part of ISO 2834 specifies a test method for preparation of test prints produced with liquid waterbased
or solvent-based printing inks as used in flexography and gravure printing. These test prints are
intended primarily for optical tests, such as gloss, colorimetry, transparency and reflection density.
They can also be used for testing light fastness and the chemical, physical and mechanical resistance
to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink and/or substrate. Flexographic inks
with higher viscosity, such as those cured by radiation, are also covered. This part of ISO 2834 is not
applicable to inks for ink jet printing.

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IEC 62899-202:2016(E) defines the terms and specifies the standard methods for characterisation and evaluation. This International Standard is applicable to conductive inks and conductive layer that are made from conductive inks.

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ISO 12632:2015 specifies test methods for - penetrability and removal times of labels that have been wet glued on bottles intended to be refilled and reused, and - resistance of printed labels against hot alkaline solution. Test results always deal with systems comprising of substrates, ink films and varnish films if present. This International Standard is valid for label substrates and printed labels. Label substrates include metalized papers. The test procedures are also valid for the evaluation of inks and papers to be used in printing labels. ISO 12632:2015 does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this International Standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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ISO 2834-2:2015 specifies a test method for preparation of test prints produced with liquid water-based or solvent-based printing inks as used in flexography and gravure printing. These test prints are intended primarily for optical tests, such as gloss, colorimetry, transparency and reflection density. They can also be used for testing light fastness and the chemical, physical and mechanical resistance to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink and/or substrate. Flexographic inks with higher viscosity, such as those cured by radiation, are also covered. This part of ISO 2834 is not applicable to inks for ink jet printing.

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This part of ISO 2834 specifies a test method for preparation of test prints produced with screen printing inks. These test prints are intended primarily for optical tests, such as colorimetry, transparency and reflection density as described in ISO 2846-4. They can also be used for testing gloss, light fastness and the chemical, physical and mechanical resistance to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink or substrate, or both.

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ISO 2834-3:2008 specifies a test method for preparation of test prints produced with screen printing inks. These test prints are intended primarily for optical tests, such as colorimetry, transparency and reflection density as described in ISO 2846-4. They can also be used for testing gloss, light fastness and the chemical, physical and mechanical resistance to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink or substrate, or both.

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This part of ISO 2846 specifies the colour and transparency to be produced by inks intended for four-colour coldset web offset printing when printed under specified conditions on a printability tester. It also describes the test method to ensure conformance. This part of ISO 2846 is not applicable to fluorescent inks and does not specify pigments (or spectral reflectance) so as not to preclude the use of future suitable pigment combinations and still claim compliance with its colorimetric requirements.

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This part of ISO 2834 specifies a laboratory method for the preparation of printed samples made with paste inks (such as inks used for lithographic and letterpress printing). Such printed samples are intended to be used for reflection based measurements, such as colorimetry and reflection density as well as for testing light fastness, and the resistance of printing inks to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink and/or substrate.

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ISO 2846-2:2007 specifies the colour and transparency to be produced by inks intended for four-colour coldset web offset printing when printed under specified conditions on a printability tester. It also describes the test method to ensure conformance. ISO 2846-2:2007 is not applicable to fluorescent inks and does not specify pigments (or spectral reflectance) so as not to preclude the use of suitable future pigment combinations and still claim compliance with its colorimetric requirements.

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ISO 2834-1:2006 specifies a laboratory method for the preparation of printed samples made with paste inks (such as inks used for lithographic and letterpress printing). Such printed samples are intended to be used for reflection-based measurements, such as colorimetry and reflection density as well as for testing light fastness, and the resistance of printing inks to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink and/or substrate.

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ISO 2836:2004 specifies methods of assessing the resistance of printed materials to liquid and solid agents, solvents, varnishes, and acids. It applies to printing on all substrates by all of the traditional printing processes and digital imaging processes, such as ink-jet, electrophotography, etc., using marking materials appropriate to the printing process used.

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ISO 2836:2004 specifies methods of assessing the resistance of printed materials to liquid and solid agents, solvents, varnishes, and acids. It applies to printing on all substrates by all of the traditional printing processes and digital imaging processes, such as ink-jet, electrophotography, etc., using marking materials appropriate to the printing process used.

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Contains the procedure for determining the viscosity of paste inks and vehicles which are unreactive under normal room conditions. Applicable to inks in the apparent viscosity range of 2 Pas to 200 Pas.

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Contains the procedure for determining the viscosity of paste inks and vehicles which are unreactive under normal room conditions. Applicable to inks in the apparent viscosity range of 2 Pas to 200 Pas.

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Specifies the procedure for determining the tack value of paste inks and vehicles which have low volatility and are unreactiv under normal conditions during the time span required for testing. Contains a description of the rotary tackmeters most commonly used.

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This part of ISO 2846 specifies the colour and transparency characteristics that have to be met by each ink in a process colour ink set intended for proof and production printing using offset lithography. The specified printing conditions (which use a laboratory printability tester), the defined substrate and a method for testing to ensure conformance are also defined. Characteristics are specified for inks used for sheet-fed, heat-set web and radiation-curing processes. This part of ISO 2846 does not apply to fluorescent inks and it does not specify pigments (or spectral characteristics - except informatively) in order not to preclude developments which may enable different pigment combinations to be used advantageously while still achieving the colorimetric requirements specified in this part of ISO 2846.

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ISO 2846-3:2002 specifies the colour and transparency to be produced by a process colour ink set including extender intended for four-colour publication gravure printing when printed under specified gravure printing conditions. It also specifies the test method to ensure conformance.
ISO 2846-3:2002 does not specify pigments (or spectral reflectance) in order not to preclude developments which may enable different pigment combinations to be used advantageously while still achieving the colorimetric requirements specified in ISO 2846-3:2002.
NOTE ISO 2846-3:2002 may also apply to certain non-publication gravure applications.

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This part of ISO 2846 specifies the colour and transparency to be produced by each ink in a process colour ink set (including extender) intended for four-colour flexographic printing, when printed under specified flexographic printing conditions. It also describes the conformance test method. This part of ISO 2846 does not specify pigments (or spectral reflectance), in order not to preclude developments that may enable different pigment combinations to be used advantageously, while still achieving the colorimetric requirements specified in this part of ISO 2846.

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This part of ISO 2834 specifies a test method for preparation of test prints produced with liquid water-based or solvent-based printing inks as used in flexography and gravure printing. These test prints are intended primarily for optical tests, such as colorimetry, transparency and reflection density as described in ISO 2846-3 and ISO 2846-5. They can also be used for testing gloss, light fastness and the chemical, physical and mechanical resistance to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink and/or substrate. Flexographic inks with higher viscosity, such as those cured by radiation are also covered. This part of ISO 2834 is not applicable to inks for ink jet printing.

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Is in technical conformity with CEI specification 02-59 of the European Comittee of the Paint and Printing Ink Manufacturers' Associations, and is in agreement with the ISO Recommendations and International Standards on light fastness tests for textiles. Applies to print substrates such as paper, board, metal and plastics, and to all printing processes such as letterpress, litho and gravure. Standard prints shall be prepared according to ISO 2834.

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ISO 2834-2:2007 specifies a test method for preparation of test prints produced with liquid water-based or solvent-based printing inks as used in flexography and gravure printing. These test prints are intended primarily for optical tests, such as colorimetry, transparency and reflection density as described in ISO 2846-3 and ISO 2846-5. They can also be used for testing gloss, light fastness and the chemical, physical and mechanical resistance to mechanical and chemical attack regarding either printing ink and/or substrate. Flexographic inks with higher viscosity, such as those cured by radiation are also covered. ISO 2834-2:2007 is not applicable to inks for ink jet printing.

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ISO 2846-1:2006 specifies the colour and transparency characteristics that have to be met by each ink in a process colour ink set intended for proof and production printing using offset lithography. The specified printing conditions (which use a laboratory printability tester), the defined substrate and a method for testing to ensure conformance are also defined. Characteristics are specified for inks used for sheet-fed, heat-set web and radiation-curing processes.

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ISO 2846-5:2005 specifies the colour and transparency to be produced by each ink in a process colour ink set (including extender) intended for four-colour flexographic printing, when printed under specified flexographic printing conditions. It also describes the conformance test method. ISO 2846-5:2005 does not specify pigments (or spectral reflectance), in order not to preclude developments that may enable different pigment combinations to be used advantageously, while still achieving the colorimetric requirements specified in this part of ISO 2846.

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Describes a method of assessing the resistance of prints and printing inks to solvents. Applies to all printing substrates such as paper, board, metals and plastics and to all printing processes.

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Specifies a method for assessing the resistance of prints to acids. Applicable to all printing processes and all printing substrates such as paper, board, plastics and metals.

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