Packaging - Box pallets - General requirements and test methods

This draft European Standard sets out the requirements regarding the use of reusable box pallets as well as the tests to be passed by any such box pallets intended for the storage handling and transport of various product.

Verpackung - Boxpaletten - Allgemeine Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Der vorliegende Europäische Norm-Entwurf legt Anforderungen hinsichtlich des Einsatzes von wiederverwendbaren Boxpaletten und zugehörigen Prüfungen fest, der jede Boxpalette unterzogen werden muß, die für Lagerung, Handhabung und Transport unterschiedlicher Produkte vorgesehen ist. Die Produkte, die in dieserNorm behandelt werden, sind Boxpaletten, die mit Gabelstaplern oder Hubwagen gehandhabt werden können. Hebevorrichtungen, außer denen, die sich an der Palette befinden, werden nicht behandelt.

Emballage - Caisses palettes - Exigences générales et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne établit les définitions et spécifie les exigences générales et les méthodes d'essai relatives à l'utilisation des caisses palettes réutilisables.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux caisses palettes, aux palettes à montants et aux cages, mais exclut les palettes réservoir ou les palettes silos telles que définies dans l'EN ISO 445. Elles peuvent être fixes, repliables ou démontables. La présente Norme européenne s'applique uniquement aux produits mentionnés ci-dessus manutentionnés par des chariots élévateurs ou des transpalettes. Les autres dispositifs de levage ne sont pas traités.
La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des essais de stockage en racks et des conditions de transport spécifiques.
NOTE   Pour les besoins de la présente norme, le terme "caisse palette" couvre les caisses palettes, les palettes à montants et les cages, comme défini au 3.1.1.

Embalaža - Boks palete – Splošne zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
01-Apr-2003
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
29-Jan-2020

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Embalaža - Boks palete

– Splošne zahteve in preskusne metodeVerpackung - Boxpaletten - Allgemeine Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenEmballage - Caisses palettes - Exigences générales et méthodes d'essaiPackaging - Box pallets - General requirements and test methods55.180.20General purpose palletsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13626:2003SIST EN 13626:2003en01-september-2003SIST EN 13626:2003SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13626:2003

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13626April 2003ICS 55.180.20English versionPackaging - Box pallets - General requirements and testmethodsEmballage - Caisses palettes - Exigences générales etméthodes d'essaiVerpackung - Boxpaletten - Allgemeine Anforderungen undPrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 January 2003.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and UnitedKingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2003 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13626:2003 ESIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)2ContentspageForeword......................................................................................................................................................................3Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................41Scope..............................................................................................................................................................52Normative references....................................................................................................................................53Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations.........................................................................................54Requirements.................................................................................................................................................75Tests................................................................................................................................................................86Marking.........................................................................................................................................................207Test report....................................................................................................................................................21SIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)3ForewordThis document (EN 13626:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN /TC 261, "Packaging", thesecretariat of which is held by AFNOR.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text orby endorsement, at the latest by October 2003, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latestby October 2003.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the followingcountries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.SIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)4Introduction Box pallets are intended for repeated use while maintaining their service ability and their safe handling. They may be used for:· Mechanical handling by fork-lift and hand-pallet trucks.· Bulk storage in stacks storage where, for safety reasons, it is not advisable to stack box pallets to aheight exceeding seven times the smaller horizontal dimension of the box pallet.· Transport:This standard is performance-based, i.e. no minimum values are fixed. It reflects ISO 8611-1 in this respect.

Boxpallets should be tested in accordance with the claimed performances. The standard evaluates performances inrelation to the load capacity of a box pallet carrying a uniformly distributed load used as test load and called thenominal load.

However, it is recognised that the actual safe working load for a box pallet could vary with the type ofload carried and that, for a specific type of load, the maximum working load may be smaller or larger than thenominal load of a box pallet. Therefore, the allowable maximum load for a given design of box pallet vary accordingto the characteristics of the type of load carried.SIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)51 Scope This European Standard sets out definitions and specifies general requirements and test methods regarding theuse of reusable box pallets. This draft European Standard applies to box pallets, post pallets and cage pallets, but excludes tank or silo pallets,as defined in EN ISO 445.

They can be fixed, collapsible or demountable.

This European Standard only applies tothe above mentioned products which are handled with fork lift trucks or pallet trucks and no other lifting devices. Tests for storage in racks and specific transportation conditions are not addressed by this European Standard.NOTEFor the purposes of this standard, the term box pallet covers box pallets, post pallets and cage pallets, as defined in3.1.1.2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.

Thesenormative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter.

Fordated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this EuropeanStandard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision.

For undated references the latest edition of thepublication referred to applies (including amendments). EN 13183-1. Moisture content of a piece of sawn timber - Part 1: Determination by oven dry method EN 13183-2 Moisture content of a piece of sawn timber - Part 2: Estimation by electrical resistance methodEN 13382, Flat pallets for materials handling — Principal dimension.EN 22206, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages - Identification of parts when testing (ISO 2206:1987). EN 22248, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages - Vertical impact test by dropping(ISO 2248:1985).EN ISO 445, Pallets for materials handling – Vocabulary (ISO 445:1996).EN ISO 2233, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads - Conditioning for testing (ISO2233:2000) EN ISO 2234, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads - Stacking tests using a static load(ISO 2234:2000) EN ISO 2244, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads - Horizontal impact tests (ISO2244:2000) EN ISO 2247, Packaging - Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads - Vibration tests at fixed lowfrequency (ISO 2247:2000) 3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations3.1 Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this European Standard, the following terms and definitions apply:SIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)63.1.1box palletbox pallet, post pallet or cage pallet, as defined in EN ISO 445, whether fixed, collapsible or demountable. (seeFigures 1 to 5)Figure 1 - Box palletFigure 2 - Post palletFigure 3 - Cage palletFigure 4 - Collapsible box palletFigure 5 - Demountable box palletSIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)73.1.2nominal load maximum permitted load which may be placed in the box pallet.

It is expressed in kilograms and assumes auniformly distributed load (when the box pallet is not tested with the actual product or family of products but with thedummy ballast set in 5.2)3.1.3nominal stacking load maximum permitted load which may be placed on the box pallet resting on the ground (of a storage area forinstance).

It is expressed in kilograms and, if appropriate, in the number of box pallets which may be stacked onthe one resting on the ground.

In the latter case, the following abbreviation is used: 1/1 (stack of two box pallets),2/1 (stack of three box pallets), etc.

It assumes a uniformly distributed load (when the box pallet is not tested withthe actual product or family of products but with the dummy ballast set in 5.2)3.1.4dynamic loadtest load used in the vibration test in order to simulate an average transportation situation3.1.5test loadload applied during test in or on the box pallet in order to simulate storage and transport conditions3.2 Symbols and abbreviationsFlForce applied parallel to the length of the box pallet in the lift truck stacking test, in newtonsFwForce applied parallel to the width of the box pallet in the lift truck stacking test, in newtonsg9,81 ms-2HHeight of the box pallet in metreslLength of the box pallet in metresnNumber of box pallets to be stacked on top of a box pallet submitted to testswWidth of the box pallets in metresmCoefficient of static friction 4 Requirements4.1 Stacking devices Box pallets shall be designed or equipped in order to allow stacking.4.2 Dimensions The structure shall allow handling from the bottom using fork lift trucks and/or pallet trucks with entries conformingto EN 13382. In addition, the height of the box pallet shall not exceed twice the smallest base dimension to ensurestability of the product.SIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)84.3 Nominal Load - Nominal Stacking Load - Dynamic Load4.3.1 Nominal Load - Nominal Stacking Load The values of nominal load and nominal stacking load shall be those given in the manufacturer’s specifications orthose marked on the product. The manufacturer may also stipulate a value before the test.4.3.2 Dynamic Load Dynamic load shall be specified by the manufacturer in accordance with any transportation limits on vehicles. Forexample, a value of 2000 kg/m² is commonly observed and thus limits the dynamic capacity of box pallets.5 Tests5.1 Sampling for the tests The number of box pallets required for the tests is at least one for each test, except in 5.4 where two are needed.NOTE 1It is recommended for repeatability and quality of the tests to use more than one sample.NOTE 2The full range of tests can be done on the same sample if the effects of the tests are clearly identified. It is necessary to ensure that the box pallet subjected to the tests is complete and, when appropriate, fitted with theaccessories expected to be used (covers, toggle-fasteners etc. ...) as if it were ready for use.5.2 Ballast The ballast is made up of:¾ either the actual product to be transported or a product having the same physical characteristics. In this case, the test certificate is only valid for such product;¾ or one of the following dummy ballasts:¾ ballast n°1: sand,¾ ballast n°2: plastic granules, Unless otherwise specified, the test load, consisting of receptacles filled with ballast n°1 or 2, shall be uniformlyspread and shall occupy more than 80 % of the capacity of the box pallet.5.3 Climatic conditioning No climatic conditioning is required as a general rule for all-metal box pallets. For box pallets consisting completelyor partially of other materials, it is necessary to apply the conditioning specifications mentioned in Table 1 (inaccordance with EN ISO 2233) before testing.

Unless otherwise specified, the tests shall be carried out at thetemperature given in Table 1.SIST EN 13626:2003

EN 13626:2003 (E)9 Table 1 — Conditioning before testing Material Temperature °C Humidity (RH) % Moisture content % Minimum duration h Plastic b +23 ± 2 -- -- 48 Wood +23 ± 2 -- 20 ± 2 a 24 Wood basedpanels +20 ±

2 50 ±

5c -- 48a In the event that end use is not known then the moisture content should be 20 ± 2 %.

If the moisture contentis outside this value, the tests may proceed provided that the moisture content of critical components isrecorded at the beginning and end by non-destructive means (by portable electrical resistance-type moisturemeter which enables corrections to be made when reporting according with EN 13183-2) prior to the use of EN13183-1 (oven drying method) which shall be used shortly after the test programme.b For plastics, if the variation of the raw material performances at the temperature of use are greater than 20 %from the ones at temperature determined in Table 1, the test shall be conducted at that temperature (forinstance drop test at (- 20 ± 2) °C or stacking test at (40 ± 2) °C).

In this event, conditioning for the test shalllast at least 24 hours in order to have homogeneous temperature through the material.c For wood based panels, it is acknowledged that humidity may change widely the performances of the pallet.High relative humidity conditions of use imply tests with relevant parameters (higher temperature and/or higherrelative humidity).5.4 Stacking test using a static load5.4.1 General The test shall be performed in accordance with EN ISO 2234, using an unguided load (see Figure 6).5.4.2 Standard calculation — Equation 1 The test load shall be calculated in accordance with equation 1: Test Load = 1,5 ´ n ´ (Tare weight + Nominal load)(1) where: n : number of box pallets to be stacked on top of a box pallet submitted to tests 5.4.3 Folded box pallets — Equation 2 The test load for foldable box pallets shall be calculated in accordance with equation 2 :NOTEEmpty foldable box pallets are usually stored in a folded position

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