Prefabricated accessories for roofing - Installations for roof access - Walkways, treads and steps

This document applies to installations for roof access (building products) permanently fixed to the load-bearing construction of pitched roofs, to stand or to walk on during inspection, maintenance and repair of facilities on the roof.
It specifies essential dimensions, materials to be used, requirements with respect to the load-bearing capacity of the installation for roof access fastened to the roof construction including their fastening system, and the extent of testing.
This document does not apply to permanently fixed ladders on pitched roofs.

Vorgefertigte Zubehörteile für Dacheindeckungen - Einrichtungen zum Betreten des Daches - Laufstege, Trittflächen und Einzeltritte

Dieses Dokument gilt für Einrichtung zum Betreten des Daches (Bauprodukte) auf geneigten Dächern, die mit der tragenden Konstruktion geneigter Dächer fest verbunden sind und zum Zwecke der Inspektion, Wartung und Instandhaltung von Anlagen oberhalb von Dachflächen betreten und begangen werden können.
Es legt die wesentlichen Maße, die zu verwendenden Baustoffe sowie die Anforderungen an die Tragfähigkeit der an der Dachkonstruktion befestigten Einrichtung zum Betreten des Daches einschließlich ihrer Befestigungsmittel und den Umfang der Prüfungen fest.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für fest auf geneigten Dachflächen angebrachte Leitern.

Accessoires préfabriqués pour couverture - Installations pour accès au toit - Passerelles, plans de marche et escabeaux

Le présent document s’applique aux installations pour accès au toit (éléments de construction) fixées de façon permanente à la construction portante de toits en pente et auxquelles il est possible d’accéder et sur lesquelles il est possible de marcher, à des fins d’inspection, de maintenance et d’entretien des installations situées au-dessus des surfaces de toit.
Le présent document spécifie les dimensions principales, les matériaux de construction à utiliser, les exigences relatives à la résistance des installations pour accès au toit fixées à la structure du toit y compris leur système de fixation ainsi que l’étendue des essais.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux échelles montées de façon permanente sur les surfaces des toits en pente.

Pomožna oprema za prekrivanje streh – Oprema za dostop na streho – Pohodne poti, stopnice in lestve

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Jan-2006
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2018
Completion Date
02-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Prefabricated accessories for roofing - Installations for roof access - Walkways, treads and stepsPomožna oprema za prekrivanje streh – Oprema za dostop na streho – Pohodne poti, stopnice in lestveAccessoires préfabriqués pour couverture - Installations pour acces au toit - Passerelles, plans de marche et escabeauxVorgefertigte Zubehörteile für Dacheindeckungen - Einrichtungen zum Betreten des Daches - Laufstege, Trittflächen und EinzeltritteTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 516:2006SIST EN 516:2006en91.060.20ICS:SIST EN 516:19981DGRPHãþDSLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 516:200601-maj-2006

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 516January 2006ICS 91.060.20Supersedes EN 516:1995

English VersionPrefabricated accessories for roofing - Installations for roofaccess - Walkways, treads and stepsAccessoires préfabriqués pour couverture - Installationspour accès du toît - Passerelles, plans de marche etescabeauxVorgefertigte Zubehörteile für Dacheindeckungen -Einrichtungen zum Betreten des Daches - Laufstege,Trittflächen und EinzeltritteThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 7 December 2005.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2006 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 516:2006: E

EN 516:2006 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword..........................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................5 2 Normative references.........................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions.........................................................................................................................5 4 Symbols...............................................................................................................................................5 5 Materials..............................................................................................................................................6 6 Dimensions and construction requirements....................................................................................6 6.1 General................................................................................................................................................6 6.2 Walkways.............................................................................................................................................6 6.3 Treads..................................................................................................................................................7 6.4 Steps....................................................................................................................................................7 7 Requirements....................................................................................................................................10 7.1 Static load (test load), Classes 1 and 2...........................................................................................10 7.2 Fatigue strength................................................................................................................................10 7.3 Reaction to fire and external fire performance...............................................................................10 8 Testing...............................................................................................................................................10 8.1 Static test...........................................................................................................................................10 8.1.1 Number of specimens.......................................................................................................................10 8.1.2 Step test.............................................................................................................................................10 8.1.3 Test at the anchorage point.............................................................................................................11 8.2 Test of the fatigue strength..............................................................................................................11 9 Evaluation of conformity..................................................................................................................14 9.1 General..............................................................................................................................................14 9.2 Initial type testing..............................................................................................................................14 9.2.1 General..............................................................................................................................................14 9.2.2 Test report.........................................................................................................................................15 9.3 Factory production control..............................................................................................................15 9.3.1 General..............................................................................................................................................15 9.3.2 Equipment.........................................................................................................................................15 9.3.3 Raw materials and components......................................................................................................15 9.3.4 Non-conforming products................................................................................................................15 9.3.5 Design process.................................................................................................................................16 10 Instructions for mounting and use..................................................................................................16 11 Designation.......................................................................................................................................16 12 Marking..............................................................................................................................................16 Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive.....................................................................................................17 ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics.................................................................................................17 ZA.2 Procedure for attestation of conformity of walkways, treads and steps......................................18 ZA.2.1 System of attestation of conformity................................................................................................18 ZA.2.2 EC Declaration of conformity...........................................................................................................19 ZA.3 CE marking and labelling.................................................................................................................19 Bibliography...................................................................................................................................................21

EN 516:2006 (E) 3 Figure 1 — Installation for roof access (diagrammatic section).........................................................................8 Figure 2 — Walkway.........................................................................................................................................8 Figure 3 — Tread..............................................................................................................................................9 Figure 4 — Step................................................................................................................................................9 Figure 5 — Static test.....................................................................................................................................12 Figure 6 — Dynamic test (fatigue strength).....................................................................................................13 Table ZA.1 — Relevant clauses for walkways, treads and steps and intended use........................................18 Table ZA.2 — System of attestation of conformity..........................................................................................18 Table ZA.3 — Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks..........................................................................19

EN 516:2006 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 516:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 “Roof covering products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding”, the secretariat of which is held by IBN/BIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2006. This document supersedes EN 516:1995. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EN 516:2006 (E) 5 1 Scope This document applies to installations for roof access (building products) permanently fixed to the load-bearing construction of pitched roofs, to stand or to walk on during inspection, maintenance and repair of facilities on the roof. It specifies essential dimensions, materials to be used, requirements with respect to the load-bearing capacity of the installation for roof access fastened to the roof construction including their fastening system, and the extent of testing. This document does not apply to permanently fixed ladders on pitched roofs. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 364, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Test methods EN 795, Protection against falls from a height — Anchor devices — Requirements and testing EN ISO 1140, Fibre ropes — Polyamide — 3-, 4- and 8-strand ropes (ISO 1140:2004) EN ISO 1461, Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles - Specifications and test methods (ISO 1461:1999) 3 Terms and definitions For the purpose of this document, the following definitions apply. 3.1 installation for roof access building product with a platform to stand or to walk on with one or more supports permanently fixed by means of associated fastening systems to the load-bearing construction of a pitched roof

Note 1 See figure 1 Note 2 Depending on the size of the platform, installations for roof access are designated as walkways (see Figure 2), treads (see figure 3) or steps (see figure 4) 3.2 fastening system combination of products which fasten the walkways, treads and steps, to the load-bearing roof construction 3.3 load-bearing roof construction part of the roof construction which is able to carry potential loads and to transmit them to the building structure 4 Symbols b width

EN 516:2006 (E) 6 l length R lanyard P test load α roof slope 5 Materials Installations for roof access and their fastening systems shall be made of metal or equivalent material and be resistant to corrosion as well as to atmospheric and climatic influences. The material shall be free from faults and inclusions that may impair their performance abilities. The corrosion resistance shall be at least equivalent to that of hot-galvanised steel with a protective layer according to EN ISO 1461. Parts of the fastening system beneath the roof covering may be from timber and shall then be protected against atmospheric and climatic influences. 6 Dimensions and construction requirements 6.1 General Installations for roof access shall be classified as follows:  Class 1: Installations that shall not be used as anchorage points to which personal protective equipment against fall or for restraint are attached;  Class 2: Installations that may be used as anchorage points to which personal protective equipment against fall or for restraint are attached. The surfaces of the platforms of walkways, treads and steps shall be designed to avoid slipping of persons and collection of water and, where necessary, to minimise snow build-up.

Constructions with sharp angles or edges have to be avoided. To accommodate roofs with different slopes, the connections between platform and supports shall be adjustable but they shall be designed to be secured against accidental disconnection after installation. The type and size of the fastening system(s) shall be specified by the manufacturer. 6.2 Walkways Walkways are distinguished according to the width of their platforms as types A, B or C. The minimum width b of the platform shall be for:  Type A: 250 mm,  Type B: 350 mm and  Type C: 430 mm. The length l of the platforms of all types shall be at least 500 mm.

EN 516:2006 (E) 7 The platforms of walkways of Type B shall be provided with turn-ups or side battens of at least 20 mm on both long sides, measured from the platform surface, to prevent persons from slipping. The supports of walkways shall be designed in such a way that, after mounting on the roof construction, the inclination across the width b as well as across the length l is not greater than 3° from the horizontal. 6.3 Treads The platform of treads shall have a width b of at least 250 mm. The length l shall be at least 400 mm. The supports of treads shall be designed in such a way that, after mounting on the roof construction, the inclination across the width b as well as across the length l is not greater than 3° from the horizontal. 6.4 Steps The platform of steps shall have a size b × l of at least 130 mm × 130 mm. On all sides, except the front and rear side, the platform of steps shall be provided with turn-ups or side battens of at least 20 mm, measured from the platform surface, to prevent persons from slipping. Furthermore, steps shall have a handle or a grip hole in the platform. The supports of steps shall be designed in such a way that, after mounting on the roof construction, the inclination across the width b as well as across the length l is not greater than 3° from the horizontal.

EN 516:2006 (E) 8

Key 1 Rafter 2 Fastening system 3 Counter-batten 4 Batten 5 Supporting construction 6 Walkway, tread, step 7 Roofing b Width Figure 1 — Installation for roof access (diagrammatic section)

Key b Width l Length Figure 2 — Walkway
EN 516:2006 (E) 9
Key b Width l Length Figure 3 — Tread
Key b Width l Length Figure 4 — Step

EN 516:2006 (E) 10 7 Requirements 7.1 Static load (test load), Classes 1 and 2 Installations for roof access of Classes 1 and 2 including their fastening systems shall be designed for a single vertical static load of P ≥ 1,5 kN, applied in the most unfavourable position. Compliance with the requirements shall either be proved by means of a static calculation or, if this is not possible, the product shall be tested according to Clause 8. NOTE For further calculations see ENV 1993 and ENV 1999. Under this load the vertical deflection of walkways and tread platforms shall not exceed 1/100 of the span.

The maximum deflection shall not exceed 15 mm. The vertical deviation from the original position of treads and steps, measured over the supports, shall not exceed 9 mm. The vertical deflection and/or deviation shall be measured relative to the load-bearing construction. Installations for roof access of Class 2 and their fastening systems shall be designed for a single static load of P1 ≥ 10 kN applied in a possible anchorage point in the usage direction. The test load according to EN 795 shall be increased accordingly if the installation for roof access of Class 2 is used by more than one person. 7.2 Fatigue strength Installations for roof access of Class 2 including their fastening systems shall be designed to withstand the dynamic load of the test according to 8.2 at any point where it is possible to attach personal protective equipment against fall or for restraint. 7.3 Reaction to fire and external fire perfo

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