Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements - Part 5: Requirements for test facilities and equipment (ISO 10140-5:2021)

This document specifies laboratory test facilities and equipment for sound insulation measurements of
building elements, such as:
— components and materials;
— building elements;
— technical elements (small building elements);
— sound insulation improvement systems.
It is applicable to laboratory test facilities with suppressed radiation from flanking elements and
structural isolation between source and receiving rooms.
This document specifies qualification procedures for use when commissioning a new test facility
with equipment for sound insulation measurements. It is intended that these procedures be repeated
periodically to ensure that there are no issues with the equipment and the test facility.

Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Bauteilen im Prüfstand - Teil 5: Anforderungen an Prüfstände und Prüfeinrichtungen (ISO 10140-5:2021)

Dieses Dokument legt Prüfstände und Prüfeinrichtungen für die Messung der Schalldämmung von Bauteilen fest, z. B. von:
- Bauteilen und Baustoffen;
- Bauteilen;
- technischen Bauteilen (kleine Bauteile);
- Systemen zur Verbesserung der Schalldämmung.
Es ist anzuwenden für Prüfstände mit unterdrückter Schallabstrahlung von flankierenden Bauteilen und baulicher Trennung zwischen Sende- und Empfangsraum.
Dieses Dokument legt die Eignungsprüfungen fest, die anzuwenden sind, wenn ein neuer Prüfstand mit Prüf-einrichtungen für Schalldämmungsmessungen in Betrieb genommen wird. Es ist vorgesehen, dass diese Ver-fahren in regelmäßigen Abständen wiederholt werden, um sicherzustellen, dass mit den Prüfeinrichtungen und dem Prüfstand keine Probleme auftreten.

Acoustique - Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des éléments de construction - Partie 5: Exigences relatives aux installations et appareillage d'essai (ISO 10140-5:2021)

Akustika - Laboratorijsko merjenje zvočne izolirnosti gradbenih elementov - 5. del: Zahteve za preskusne laboratorije in opremo (ISO 10140-5:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
05-May-2021
Completion Date
05-May-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
01-julij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2010
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2010/A1:2014

Akustika - Laboratorijsko merjenje zvočne izolirnosti gradbenih elementov - 5. del:

Zahteve za preskusne laboratorije in opremo (ISO 10140-5:2021)

Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements - Part 5:

Requirements for test facilities and equipment (ISO 10140-5:2021)
Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Bauteilen im Prüfstand - Teil 5:
Anforderungen an Prüfstände und Prüfeinrichtungen (ISO 10140-5:2021)
Acoustique - Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des éléments de

construction - Partie 5: Exigences relatives aux installations et appareillage d'essai (ISO

10140-5:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ICS:
17.140.01 Akustična merjenja in Acoustic measurements and
blaženje hrupa na splošno noise abatement in general
91.060.01 Stavbni elementi na splošno Elements of buildings in
general
91.120.20 Akustika v stavbah. Zvočna Acoustics in building. Sound
izolacija insulation
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
EN ISO 10140-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.120.20 Supersedes EN ISO 10140-5:2010
English Version
Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation
of building elements - Part 5: Requirements for test
facilities and equipment (ISO 10140-5:2021)

Acoustique - Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Bauteilen

acoustique des éléments de construction - Partie 5: im Prüfstand - Teil 5: Anforderungen an Prüfstände

Exigences relatives aux installations et appareillage und Prüfeinrichtungen (ISO 10140-5:2021)

d'essai (ISO 10140-5:2021)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 April 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 10140-5:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
EN ISO 10140-5:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
EN ISO 10140-5:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 10140-5:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43

"Acoustics" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 126 “Acoustic properties of building

elements and of buildings” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 10140-5:2010.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 10140-5:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 10140-5:2021 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
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SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10140-5
Second edition
2021-04
Acoustics — Laboratory measurement
of sound insulation of building
elements —
Part 5:
Requirements for test facilities and
equipment
Acoustique — Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des
éléments de construction —
Partie 5: Exigences relatives aux installations et appareillage d'essai
Reference number
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Laboratory test facilities for airborne sound insulation measurements ..................................................2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Test rooms ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.1 Volume ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Diffusion .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.3 Reverberation time ........................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2.4 Background noise ...................................................................... ...................................................................................... 3

4.2.5 Suppression of flanking transmission ........................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Test opening .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.2 Full-sized test opening ................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3.3 Reduced-size test opening ....................................................................................................................................... 5

4.3.4 Specific small-sized test opening ....................................................................................................................... 6

5 Laboratory test facilities for impact sound insulation measurements .......................................................8

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Receiving room ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.1 Volume ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.2 Further requirements .................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3 Test opening .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3.1 Full-sized test opening ................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3.2 Frame specification ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Equipment ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Airborne sound field .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Impact sound source .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Measurement system......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (normative) Estimation of the maximum measurable sound reduction index .............................11

Annex B (normative) Standard basic elements for measuring the improvement of airborne

sound insulation by linings ....................................................................................................................................................................15

Annex C (normative) Standard floors for measuring the improvement of impact sound

insulation by floor coverings ................................................................................................................................................................16

Annex D (normative) Qualification procedure for loudspeakers and loudspeaker positions .............21

Annex E (normative) Standard tapping machine .................................................................................................................................25

Annex F (normative) Alternative impact sound sources ..............................................................................................................27

Annex G (normative) Wooden mock-up floor for measuring the improvement of impact

sound insulation by floor coverings ..............................................................................................................................................32

Annex H (normative) Specification of heavy and intense rain — Example of a tank with

perforated base ...................................................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex I (informative) Reference test specimens for rainfall sound measurements .......................................37

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................39

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43, Acoustics, Subcommittee SC 2,

Building acoustics, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical

Committee CEN/TC 126, Acoustic properties of building elements and of buildings, in accordance with the

Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 10140-5:2010), which has been technically

revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 10140-5:2010/Amd1: 2014.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— all references in the text have been updated;
— in Clause 2, the normative references have been updated;
— in Clause 3, the terms and definitions have been added;
— Annex B, Annex C and Annex H have been updated.
A list of all parts in the ISO 10140 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
Introduction

ISO 10140 (all parts) concerns laboratory measurement of the sound insulation of building elements

(see Table 1).

ISO 10140-1 specifies the application rules for specific elements and products, including specific

requirements for the preparation and mounting of the test specimens, and for the operating and test

conditions. ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3 contain the general procedures for airborne and impact sound

insulation measurements, respectively, and refer to ISO 10140-4 and this document where appropriate.

For elements and products without a specific application rule described in ISO 10140-1, it is possible

to apply ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3. ISO 10140-4 contains basic measurement techniques and

processes. This document contains requirements for test facilities and equipment. For the structure of

ISO 10140 (all parts), see Table 1.

ISO 10140 (all parts) was developed to improve the layout for laboratory measurements, ensure

consistency and simplify future changes and additions regarding mounting conditions of test elements

in laboratory and field measurements. ISO 10140 (all parts) aims at presenting a well-written and

arranged format for laboratory measurements.
ISO 10140-1 is planned to be updated with application rules for other products.
Table 1 — Structure and contents of ISO 10140 (all parts)
Relevant Main purpose, contents and use Detailed content
part of
ISO 10140

ISO 10140-1 It indicates the appropriate test procedure Appropriate references to ISO 10140-2 and

for elements and products. For certain types ISO 10140-3 and product-related, specific and

of element/product, it can contain addi- additional instructions on:
tional and more specific instructions about
— specific quantities measured;
quantities and test element size and about
— size of test element;
preparation, mounting and operating condi-
tions. Where no specific details are includ-
— boundary and mounting conditions;
ed, the general guidelines are according to
ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3. — conditioning, testing and operating conditions;
— additional specifics for test report.

ISO 10140-2 It gives a procedure for airborne sound insu- — Definitions of main quantities measured

lation measurements according to ISO 10140-
— General mounting and boundary conditions
4 and ISO 10140-5. For products without
specific application rules, it is sufficiently
— General measurement procedure
complete and general for the execution of
— Data processing
measurements. However, for products with
specific application rules, measurements
— Test report (general points)
are carried out according to ISO 10140-1, if
available.

ISO 10140-3 It gives a procedure for impact sound insula- — Definitions of main quantities measured

tion measurements according to ISO 10140-
— General mounting and boundary conditions
4 and ISO 10140-5. For products without
specific application rules, it is sufficiently — General measurement procedure
complete and general for the execution of
— Data processing
measurements. However, for products with
specific application rules, measurements — Test report (general points)
are carried out according to ISO 10140-1, if
available.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Relevant Main purpose, contents and use Detailed content
part of
ISO 10140
ISO 10140-4 It gives all the basic measurement techniques — Definitions
and processes for measurement according
— Frequency range
to ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3 or facility
qualifications according to ISO 10140-5. Much
— Microphone positions
of the content is implemented in software.
— SPL measurements
— Averaging, space and time
— Correction for background noise
— Reverberation time measurements
— Loss factor measurements
— Low-frequency measurements
— Radiated sound power by velocity measurement

ISO 10140-5 It specifies all information needed to design, Test facilities, design criteria:

construct and qualify the laboratory facility,
— volumes, dimensions;
its additional accessories and measurement
— flanking transmission;
equipment (hardware).
— laboratory loss factor;
— maximum achievable sound reduction index;
— reverberation time;
— influence of lack of diffusivity in the laboratory.
Test openings:
— standard openings for walls and floors;
— other openings (windows, doors, small tech-
nical elements);
— filler walls in general.
Requirements for equipment:
— loudspeakers, number, positions;
— tapping machine and other impact sources;
— measurement equipment.
Reference constructions:
— basic elements for airborne and impact insu-
lation improvement;
— corresponding reference performance curves.
vi © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10140-5:2021(E)
Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation
of building elements —
Part 5:
Requirements for test facilities and equipment
1 Scope

This document specifies laboratory test facilities and equipment for sound insulation measurements of

building elements, such as:
— components and materials;
— building elements;
— technical elements (small building elements);
— sound insulation improvement systems.

It is applicable to laboratory test facilities with suppressed radiation from flanking elements and

structural isolation between source and receiving rooms.

This document specifies qualification procedures for use when commissioning a new test facility

with equipment for sound insulation measurements. It is intended that these procedures be repeated

periodically to ensure that there are no issues with the equipment and the test facility.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 3382-2, Acoustics — Measurement of room acoustic parameters — Part 2: Reverberation time in

ordinary rooms

ISO 9052-1:1989, Acoustics — Determination of dynamic stiffness — Part 1: Materials used under floating

floors in dwellings

ISO 10140-1, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 1:

Application rules for specific products

ISO 10140-2, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 2:

Measurement of airborne sound insulation

ISO 10140-3, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 3:

Measurement of impact sound insulation

ISO 10140-4, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 4:

Measurement procedures and requirements
IEC 60942:2017, Electroacoustics — Sound calibrators

IEC 61260-1, Electroacoustics — Octave-band and fractional-octave-band filters — Part 1: Specifications

IEC 61672-1, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)

IEC 61672-2, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 2: Pattern evaluation tests

IEC 61672-3, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 3: Periodic tests
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Laboratory test facilities for airborne sound insulation measurements
4.1 General

The laboratory test facility shall consist of two adjacent reverberant rooms with a test opening between

them, in which the test element is inserted.

The area of the test opening can vary depending on the type of test element. This document defines

full-sized test openings, a specific small-sized test opening and alternative reduced-size test openings.

For measurement of the improvement of sound reduction index by acoustical linings, these rooms shall

be separated by a standard basic element on which the lining under test is installed, in accordance with

Annex B.
4.2 Test rooms
4.2.1 Volume

The volumes of the test rooms shall be at least 50 m . Volumes and corresponding dimensions of the

two test rooms should not be exactly the same. A difference of at least 10 % in room volumes and in the

linear dimensions is recommended.

Choose the ratios of the room dimensions such that the eigenmode frequencies in the low-frequency

bands are spaced as uniformly as possible.

When measuring the sound insulation of walls or floors, theoretical calculation as well as experiments

have indicated that the test element should cover a total partition wall or ceiling of the test room, i.e.

the test opening should extend from wall to wall and from floor to ceiling. In such a case, a volume of

3 3
50 m to 60 m is appropriate in view of the recommended size of the test opening.
4.2.2 Diffusion

Large variations of the sound pressure level in the room indicate the presence of dominating strong

standing waves. In this case, diffusing elements shall be installed in the rooms. The positioning and

number of diffusing elements should be arranged in such a way that the sound reduction index is not

influenced when further diffusing elements are installed.

NOTE For some kinds of test element, as for elements with one surface significantly more absorbent than the

other (see ISO 10140-2), the installation of diffusing elements is mandatory.
4.2.3 Reverberation time

The reverberation time in the rooms under normal test conditions (with negligible absorption by the

test element) should not be excessively long or short. When the reverberation time at frequencies at

2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10140-5:2021
ISO 10140-5:2021(E)

and above 100 Hz exceeds 2 s or is less than 1 s, check whether the measured sound reduction index

depends on the reverberation time. When such a dependence is found, even with diffusers in the rooms,

the rooms shall be modified to adjust the reverberation time, T, such that:
23/
1≤≤TV25()/ 0 (1)
where
V is the value of the room volume, in cubic metres;
T is the reverberation time, in seconds.
Measurement of the reverberation time is specified in ISO 10140-4.
4.2.4 Background noise

The background noise level in the receiving room shall be sufficiently low to permit measurements of

the sound transmitted from the source room, considering the power output in the source room and the

sound insulation of the test elements for which the laboratory is intended (see ISO 10140-4:2021, 4.3).

4.2.5 Suppression of flanking transmission

In laboratory test facilities designed for measuring the sound reduction index, the sound transmitted

by any indirect path should be negligible compared with the sound transmitted through the test

element. One approach to achieve this in such facilities is to provide sufficient structural isolation

between source and receiving rooms. Another approach is to cover all surfaces of both rooms with

linings that reduce the flanking transmission in such a way that the requirements on room volumes and

reverberation times are still met.

Annex A specifies the methods to be used for estimating the maximum achievable sound reduction

index, R´ , which is determined by indirect paths.
max
4.3 Test opening
4.3.1 General

A horizontal and a vertical full-sized test opening, as well as a specific vertical small-sized test opening

are defined. Other reduced-size test openings may be applied under certain restrictions.

4.3.2 Full-sized test opening
4.3.2.1 General
2 2
The area of the full-sized test opening shall be app
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
01-september-2020

Akustika - Laboratorijsko merjenje zvočne izolirnosti gradbenih elementov - 5. del:

Zahteve za preskusne laboratorije in opremo (ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020)

Acoustics - Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements - Part 5:

Requirements for test facilities and equipment (ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020)
Akustik - Messung der Schalldämmung von Bauteilen im Prüfstand - Teil 5:
Anforderungen an Prüfstände und Prüfeinrichtungen (ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020)
Acoustique - Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des éléments de

construction - Partie 5: Exigences relatives aux installations et appareillage d'essai

(ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 10140-5
ICS:
17.140.01 Akustična merjenja in Acoustic measurements and
blaženje hrupa na splošno noise abatement in general
91.060.01 Stavbni elementi na splošno Elements of buildings in
general
91.120.20 Akustika v stavbah. Zvočna Acoustics in building. Sound
izolacija insulation
oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 10140-5
ISO/TC 43/SC 2 Secretariat: DIN
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2020-06-19 2020-09-11
Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation
of building elements —
Part 5:
Requirements for test facilities and equipment

Acoustique — Mesurage en laboratoire de l'isolation acoustique des éléments de construction —

Partie 5: Exigences relatives aux installations et appareillage d'essai
ICS: 91.120.20
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
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© ISO 2020

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ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Laboratory test facilities for airborne sound insulation measurements ..................................................2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Test rooms ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.1 Volume ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2.2 Diffusion .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.2.3 Reverberation time ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.2.4 Background noise ...................................................................... ...................................................................................... 3

4.2.5 Suppression of flanking transmission ........................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Test opening .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.1 Full-sized test opening ................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3.2 Reduced-size test opening ....................................................................................................................................... 5

4.3.3 Specific small-sized test opening ....................................................................................................................... 6

5 Laboratory test facilities for impact sound insulation measurements .......................................................8

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Receiving room ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.1 Volume ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2.2 Further requirements .................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3 Test opening .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.3.1 Full-sized test opening ................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3.2 Frame specification ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Equipment ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Airborne sound field .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Impact sound source .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Measurement system......................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (normative) Estimation of the maximum measurable sound reduction index .............................11

Annex B (normative) Standard basic elements for measuring the improvement of airborne

sound insulation by linings ....................................................................................................................................................................15

Annex C (normative) Standard floors for measuring the improvement of impact sound

insulation by floor coverings ................................................................................................................................................................16

Annex D (normative) Qualification procedure for loudspeakers and loudspeaker positions .............21

Annex E (normative) Standard tapping machine .................................................................................................................................25

Annex F (normative) Alternative impact sound sources ..............................................................................................................27

Annex G (normative) Wooden mock-up floor for measuring the improvement of impact

sound insulation by floor coverings ..............................................................................................................................................32

Annex H (normative) Specification of heavy and intense rain with example of a tank with

perforated base ...................................................................................................................................................................................................33

Annex I (informative) Reference test specimens for rainfall sound measurements .......................................37

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................39

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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 43, Acoustics, Subcommittee SC 2, Building

acoustics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 10140-5:2010), which has been technically

revised.
It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 10140-5:2010/Amd1: 2014.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— normative references updated
— terms and definitions added
— all references updated
— Annex B, Annex C and Annex H updated
A list of all parts in the ISO 10140 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
Introduction

ISO 10140 (all parts) concerns laboratory measurement of the sound insulation of building elements

(see Table 1).

ISO 10140-1 specifies the application rules for specific elements and products, including specific

requirements for preparation, mounting, operating and test conditions. ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3

contain the general procedures for airborne and impact sound insulation measurements, respectively,

and refer to ISO 10140-4 and this part of ISO 10140 where appropriate. For elements and products

without a specific application rule described in ISO 10140-1, it is possible to apply ISO 10140-2 and

ISO 10140-3. ISO 10140-4 contains basic measurement techniques and processes. This part of ISO 10140

contains requirements for test facilities and equipment. For the structure of ISO 10140 (all parts), see

Table 1.

ISO 10140 (all parts) was created to improve the layout for laboratory measurements, ensure

consistency and simplify future changes and additions regarding mounting conditions of test elements

in laboratory and field measurements. It is intended for ISO 10140 (all parts) to present a well-written

and arranged format for laboratory measurements.
It is intended to update ISO 10140-1 with application rules for other products.
Table 1 — Structure and contents of ISO 10140 (all parts)
Relevant Main purpose, contents and use Detailed content
part of
ISO 10140

ISO 10140-1 It indicates the appropriate test procedure Appropriate references to ISO 10140-2 and

for elements and products. For certain types ISO 10140-3 and product-related, specific and

of element/product, it can contain addi- additional instructions on:
tional and more specific instructions about
— specific quantities measured;
quantities and test element size and about
preparation, mounting and operating condi-
— size of test element;
tions. Where no specific details are includ-
— boundary and mounting conditions;
ed, the general guidelines are according to
ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3.
— conditioning, testing and operating condi-
tions;
— additional specifics for test report.

ISO 10140-2 It gives a complete procedure for airborne — Definitions of main quantities measured

sound insulation measurements accord-
— General mounting and boundary conditions
ing to ISO 10140-4 and ISO 10140-5. For
products without specific application rules, — General measurement procedure
it is sufficiently complete and general for
— Data processing
the execution of measurements. However,
for products with specific application rules,
— Test report (general points)
measurements are carried out according to
ISO 10140-1, if available.

ISO 10140-3 It gives a complete procedure for impact — Definitions of main quantities measured

sound insulation measurements accord-
— General mounting and boundary conditions
ing to ISO 10140-4 and ISO 10140-5. For
products without specific application rules,
— General measurement procedure
it is sufficiently complete and general for
— Data processing
the execution of measurements. However,
for products with specific application rules,
— Test report (general points)
measurements are carried out according to
ISO 10140-1, if available.
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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Relevant Main purpose, contents and use Detailed content
part of
ISO 10140
ISO 10140-4 It gives all the basic measurement techniques — Definitions
and processes for measurement according
— Frequency range
to ISO 10140-2 and ISO 10140-3 or facility
qualifications according to ISO 10140-5. Much
— Microphone positions
of the content is implemented in software.
— SPL measurements
— Averaging, space and time
— Correction for background noise
— Reverberation time measurements
— Loss factor measurements
— Low-frequency measurements
— Radiated sound power by velocity measure-
ment

ISO 10140-5 It specifies all information needed to design, Test facilities, design criteria:

construct and qualify the laboratory facility,
— volumes, dimensions;
its additional accessories and measurement
equipment (hardware). — flanking transmission;
— laboratory loss factor;
— maximum achievable sound reduction index;
— reverberation time;
— influence of lack of diffusivity in the labora-
tory.
Test openings:
— standard openings for walls and floors;
— other openings (windows, doors, small tech-
nical elements);
— filler walls in general.
Requirements for equipment:
— loudspeakers, number, positions;
— tapping machine and other impact sources;
— measurement equipment.
Reference constructions:
— basic elements for airborne and impact
insulation improvement;
— corresponding reference performance
curves.
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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)
Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation
of building elements —
Part 5:
Requirements for test facilities and equipment
1 Scope

This part of ISO 10140 specifies laboratory test facilities and equipment for sound insulation

measurements of building elements, such as:
— components and materials;
— building elements;
— technical elements (small building elements);
— sound insulation improvement systems.

It is applicable to laboratory test facilities with suppressed radiation from flanking elements and

structural isolation between source and receiving rooms.

This part of ISO 10140 specifies qualification procedures for use when commissioning a new test facility

with equipment for sound insulation measurements. It is intended that these procedures be repeated

periodically to ensure that there are no issues with the equipment and the test facility.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 717-1, Acoustics — Rating of sound insulation in buildings and of building elements — Part 1: Airborne

sound insulation

ISO 717-2, Acoustics — Rating of sound insulation in buildings and of building elements — Part 2: Impact

sound insulation

ISO 3382-2, Acoustics — Measurement of room acoustic parameters — Part 2: Reverberation time in

ordinary rooms

ISO 9052-1:1989, Acoustics — Determination of dynamic stiffness — Part 1: Materials used under floating

floors in dwellings

ISO/DIS 10140-1:2020, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements —

Part 1: Application rules for specific products

ISO 10140-2, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 2:

Measurement of airborne sound insulation

ISO 10140-3, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 3:

Measurement of impact sound insulation

ISO 10140-4, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 4:

Measurement procedures and requirements
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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)

ISO 18233, Acoustics — Application of new measurement methods in building and room acoustics

IEC 60942, Electroacoustics — Sound calibrators

IEC 61260-1, Electroacoustics — Octave-band and fractional-octave-band filters — Part 1: Specifications

IEC 61672-1, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications

IEC 61672-2, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 2: Pattern evaluation tests

IEC 61672-3, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 3: Periodic tests
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
4 Laboratory test facilities for airborne sound insulation measurements
4.1 General

The laboratory test facility shall consist of two adjacent reverberant rooms with a test opening between

them, in which the test element is inserted.

The area of the test opening can vary depending on the type of test element. This part of ISO 10140

defines full-sized test openings, a specific small-sized test opening and alternative reduced-size test

openings.

For measurement of the improvement of sound reduction index by acoustical linings, these rooms shall

be separated by a standard basic element on which the lining under test is installed (see Annex B).

4.2 Test rooms
4.2.1 Volume

The volumes of the test rooms shall be at least 50 m . Volumes and corresponding dimensions of the

two test rooms should not be exactly the same. A difference of at least 10 % in room volumes and in the

linear dimensions is recommended.

Choose the ratios of the room dimensions such that the eigen mode frequencies in the low-frequency

bands are spaced as uniformly as possible.

When measuring the sound insulation of walls or floors, theoretical calculation as well as experiments

have indicated that the test element should cover a total partition wall or ceiling of the test room, i.e.

the test opening should extend from wall to wall and from floor to ceiling. In such a case, a volume of

3 3
50 m to 60 m is appropriate in view of the recommended size of the test opening.
4.2.2 Diffusion

Large variations of the sound pressure level in the room indicate the presence of dominating strong

standing waves. In this case, diffusing elements shall be installed in the rooms. The positioning and

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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)

number of diffusing elements should be arranged in such a way that the sound reduction index is not

influenced when further diffusing elements are installed.

NOTE For some kinds of test element, as for elements with one surface significantly more absorbent than the

other (see ISO 10140-2), the installation of diffusing elements is mandatory.
4.2.3 Reverberation time

The reverberation time in the rooms under normal test conditions (with negligible absorption by the

test element) should not be excessively long or short. When the reverberation time at frequencies at

and above 100 Hz exceeds 2 s or is less than 1 s, check whether the measured sound reduction index

depends on the reverberation time. When such a dependence is found, even with diffusers in the rooms,

the rooms shall be modified to adjust the reverberation time, T, such that:
23/
12≤≤TV()/50 (1)
where
V is the value of the room volume, in cubic metres;
T is the reverberation time, in seconds.
Measurement of the reverberation time is given in ISO 10140-4.
4.2.4 Background noise

The background noise level in the receiving room shall be sufficiently low to permit measurements of the

sound transmitted from the source room, considering the power output in the source room and the sound

insulation of the test elements for which the laboratory is intended (see ISO/DIS 10140-4:2020, 4.3).

4.2.5 Suppression of flanking transmission

In laboratory test facilities designed for measuring the sound reduction index, the sound transmitted

by any indirect path should be negligible compared with the sound transmitted through the test

element. One approach to achieve this in such facilities is to provide sufficient structural isolation

between source and receiving rooms. Another approach is to cover all surfaces of both rooms with

linings that reduce the flanking transmission in such a way that the requirements on room volumes and

reverberation times are still met.

Annex A gives methods for estimating the maximum achievable sound reduction index, R´ , which is

max
determined by indirect paths.
4.3 Test opening

A horizontal and a vertical full-sized test opening, as well as a specific vertical small-sized test opening

are defined. Other reduced-size test openings may be applied under certain restrictions.

4.3.1 Full-sized test opening
2 2

The area of the full-sized test opening shall be approximately 10 m for walls, and between 10 m and

20 m for floors, with the length of the shorter edge being not less than 2,3 m for both walls and floors.

4.3.1.1 General frame specification

The measured sound reduction index of a test element can be affected by the connections to the

laboratory structure surrounding the element. The mass ratio of the tested structure to the surrounding

structure should be taken into consideration. For tests on lightweight structures (m < 150 kg/m ),

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oSIST prEN ISO 10140-5:2020
ISO/DIS 10140-5:2020(E)

there are no special requirements to be taken into account. For heavier structures under test, it should

be ensured that the loss factor, η, of the test element is not less than that given by Equation (2):

03,
η =+00, 1 (2)
min
where
f is the test frequency value, in hertz.

To check this requirement, use as the test element a brick or block wall having a mass of (400 ± 40) kg/

m plastered on one side. Measurement of the loss factor is given in ISO 10140-4.
4.3.1.2 Specific requirements on the frame for lightweight twin-leaf partitions

With lightweight twin-leaf partitions, the sound reduction index is affected by vibration transmission

between the wall leaves via the frame of the test opening (see Figure 1). This is influenced by the

mounting conditions in the laboratory test opening and by the material properties and dimensions of

the frame(s). Vibration transmission between the coupled structures of the partition itself (e.g. common

or coupled studs) is dependent on the specific construction of the partition and is a property of the test

element itself. This vibration transmission is not treated in this part of ISO 10140.

In order to improve the reproducibility of the sound reduction index between laboratories for walls,

guidance is given for the mass per unit area of the frame of the test opening. If there is an acoustic break

in the laboratory test opening, the frame on one side of that break should be considered. The mass per

unit area of the frame shall be much larger than the mass per unit area of the heaviest leaf of the double

partition. The ratio of the mass per unit area of the heaviest leaf of the double partition to that of the

frame of the test opening shall be at least 1 : 6. The minimum thickness of the frame should be 100 mm

and the minimum depth should be 200 mm. The frame shall have a density of at least 2 000 kg/m .

The cross-sectional surface mass shall be more than 450 kg/m . In addition, the frame(s) shall consist

of a homogeneous, massive construction, such as dense concrete or masonry. Wood or metal frames

connecting the two leaves shall not be used.

The surface mass per unit area is calculated from the density, ρ, and the thickness, t, of the elements, as

shown in Figure 2, using Equations (3) and (4):
mt=ρ (3)
LL L
where

is the mass per unit area of the test facility wall, in kilograms per square metre;

ρ is the density of the test facility wall, in kilograms per cubic metre;
t is the thickness of the test facility wall, in metres.
mt′ =ρ (4)
ee e
where
m is the mass per unit area of the element, in kilograms per square metre;
ρ is the density of the element, in kilograms per cubic metre;
t is the thickness of the element, in metres.
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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