Railway applications - Bodyside entrance systems for rolling stock

This document applies to passenger body side entrance systems of all newly designed railway vehicles such as tram, metro, suburban, mainline and high-speed trains that carry passengers. The requirements of this document also apply to existing vehicles undergoing refurbishment of the door equipment, as far as it is reasonably practicable.
This document also specifies the requirements for testing of entrance systems.
This document makes reference to manual and power operated entrance systems. For manual doors, clauses referring to power operation are not applicable.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   entrance systems for equipment access, inspection or maintenance purposes and for crew only use;
-   doors on freight wagons; and
-   doors or hatches specifically provided for escape under emergency conditions.

Bahnanwendungen - Seiteneinstiegssysteme für Schienenfahrzeuge

Dieses Dokument gilt für Fahrgast-Seiteneinstiegssysteme von allen neu konstruierten Bahnfahrzeugen zur Personenbeförderung, wie z. B. Straßenbahnen, U-Bahnen, S-Bahnen und Regionalbahnen, Fernverkehrsbahnen und Hochgeschwindigkeitsbahnen. Die Anforderungen dieses Dokuments gelten auch, sofern es vernünftigerweise durchführbar ist, für vorhandene Fahrzeuge, bei denen die Türanlage modernisiert wird.
Dieses Dokument legt auch Prüfanforderungen für Einstiegssysteme fest.
Dieses Dokument bezieht sich auf handbetätigte und angetriebene Einstiegssysteme. Bei handbetätigten Türen gelten die Abschnitte, die sich auf einen Antrieb beziehen, nicht.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Folgendes:
—   Einstiegssysteme, die dem Zugang zur Ausrüstung oder zu Inspektions- oder Instandhaltungszwecken oder nur dem Zugang des Zugpersonals dienen;
—   Türen von Güterwagen; und
—   Türen oder Klappen, die ausschließlich für die Flucht in Notfällen vorgesehen sind.

Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes d'accès latéraux pour matériel roulant

Le présent document s’applique aux systèmes d'accès voyageurs latéraux de tous les véhicules ferroviaires de conception nouvelle destinés aux tramways, aux métros, aux trains de banlieue, aux trains grande ligne et grande vitesse transportant des voyageurs. Les exigences du présent document s'appliquent également aux véhicules existants en rénovation, pour autant qu'il soit raisonnable de les satisfaire.
Le présent document spécifie également les exigences pour les essais des systèmes d'accès.
Le présent document fait référence aux systèmes d'accès manuels et motorisés. Pour les portes manuelles, les articles faisant référence à des opérations motorisées ne sont pas applicables.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas :
- aux systèmes d'accès donnant accès aux équipements, ni à ceux destinés aux activités d'inspection ou de maintenance, ni à ceux réservés à l'usage des agents de train ;
- aux portes pour les wagons de fret ; et
- aux portes ou agrès de transbordement spécifiquement prévus pour l’évacuation dans des conditions de secours.

Železniške naprave - Vrata in zapiralni sistemi na železniških potniških vozilih

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za potniška vrata in zapiralne sisteme na novo zasnovanih železniških potniških vozilih, kot so tramvaji, podzemne železnice, primestni in glavni vlaki ter vlaki z velikimi hitrostmi, ki prevažajo potnike. Zahteve tega evropskega standarda veljajo tudi za obstoječa vozila, pri katerih se izvaja obnova opreme vrat, v kolikor je to smiselno izvedljivo.
Ta evropski standard opredeljuje tudi zahteve za preskušanje vrat in zapiralnih sistemov.
Ta evropski standard se navezuje na ročno ter električno krmiljena vrata in zapiralne sisteme. Točke, ki se navezujejo na električno krmiljena vrata, ne veljajo za ročno krmiljena vrata.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za:
– vrata in zapiralne sisteme, ki so namenjeni za dostop do opreme, preglede ali vzdrževanje, ali za tiste, ki jih uporablja samo posadka;
– vrata na tovornih vagonih; in
– vrata ali lopute, ki so posebej namenjeni za izhod v sili.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Nov-2019
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
13-Nov-2019
Completion Date
13-Nov-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 14752:2020
01-januar-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 14752:2015
Železniške naprave - Vrata in zapiralni sistemi na železniških potniških vozilih
Railway applications - Bodyside entrance systems for rolling stock
Bahnanwendungen - Seiteneinstiegssysteme für Schienenfahrzeuge
Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes d'accès latéraux pour matériel roulant
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 14752:2019
ICS:
45.060.20 Železniški vagoni Trailing stock
45.140 Oprema za podzemne vlake, Metro, tram and light rail
tramvaje in lahka tirna vozila equipment
SIST EN 14752:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 14752:2020
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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.140 Supersedes EN 14752:2015
English Version
Railway applications - Bodyside entrance systems for
rolling stock

Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes d'accès latéraux Bahnanwendungen - Seiteneinstiegssysteme für

pour matériel roulant Schienenfahrzeuge
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 May 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 14752:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Constructional requirements .................................................................................................................. 13

4.1 Door design .................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.1 Door throughway design ........................................................................................................................... 13

4.1.2 Steps .................................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.1.3 Track level access......................................................................................................................................... 17

4.1.4 Relative position of the step edge .......................................................................................................... 17

4.1.5 Train surfing .................................................................................................................................................. 18

4.1.6 Door windows................................................................................................................................................ 18

4.1.7 Design of body side entrance doors used for accessing driver's cabs ...................................... 19

4.1.8 Water drainage ............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2 Mechanical strength .................................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.1 Door mechanical strength ......................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.2 Step(s) mechanical strength .................................................................................................................... 21

4.3 Local door control devices ........................................................................................................................ 22

4.3.1 Door buttons .................................................................................................................................................. 22

4.3.2 Emergency egress device .......................................................................................................................... 23

4.3.3 Access device ................................................................................................................................................. 24

4.4 Labels/warning signs ................................................................................................................................. 25

4.5 Interfaces with the vehicle ........................................................................................................................ 25

4.5.1 Electric and pneumatic power supplies ............................................................................................... 25

4.5.2 Mechanical interface with the vehicle .................................................................................................. 25

4.6 Other requirements .................................................................................................................................... 25

4.6.1 Fire protection .............................................................................................................................................. 25

4.6.2 Insulation ........................................................................................................................................................ 25

4.7 Electronic equipment ................................................................................................................................. 26

4.7.1 Hardware ........................................................................................................................................................ 26

4.7.2 Software for electronic door control systems.................................................................................... 26

4.8 Reliability, availability, maintainability, safety (RAMS) ................................................................ 26

4.9 Protection against electrical hazards ................................................................................................... 27

4.10 Environmental conditions ........................................................................................................................ 27

4.10.1 Weather ........................................................................................................................................................... 27

4.10.2 Water tightness ............................................................................................................................................. 27

4.10.3 Pressure tightness ....................................................................................................................................... 27

4.11 Manual and semi-automatic ramps, bridging plates ....................................................................... 28

5 Operational requirements ........................................................................................................................ 28

5.1 Door control ................................................................................................................................................... 28

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28

5.1.2 Release doors and steps............................................................................................................................. 28

5.1.3 Interlocking of released doors ................................................................................................................ 28

5.1.4 Single point failure ...................................................................................................................................... 28

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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)

5.1.5 Mechanical locking ....................................................................................................................................... 28

5.1.6 Out-of-service devices ................................................................................................................................. 29

5.1.7 Isolation for maintenance purposes ...................................................................................................... 30

5.2 Closing and opening conditions............................................................................................................... 31

5.2.1 Safety during closing ................................................................................................................................... 31

5.2.2 Entrance system closed proving.............................................................................................................. 42

5.3 Opening conditions ...................................................................................................................................... 42

5.3.1 Safety during opening ................................................................................................................................. 42

5.3.2 Limitation of opening .................................................................................................................................. 42

5.4 Moveable step obstacle detection ........................................................................................................... 43

5.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

5.4.2 Steps outside the vehicle ............................................................................................................................ 43

5.4.3 Steps inside the vehicles ............................................................................................................................ 43

5.5 Emergency operation .................................................................................................................................. 43

5.5.1 Emergency egress ......................................................................................................................................... 43

5.5.2 Emergency windows in access doors..................................................................................................... 46

5.5.3 Access device .................................................................................................................................................. 46

5.5.4 Powering up .................................................................................................................................................... 47

5.6 Other requirements ..................................................................................................................................... 47

5.6.1 Passenger access door area illumination ............................................................................................ 47

5.6.2 Status indication ........................................................................................................................................... 47

6 Categories of tests ......................................................................................................................................... 47

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

6.2 Type tests ......................................................................................................................................................... 47

6.3 Routine tests during manufacture.......................................................................................................... 48

6.4 Routine test on the fully assembled vehicle/train consist ............................................................ 48

7 Documentation related to installation and maintenance of the entrance system ................ 48

Annex A (normative) Passenger interface devices .......................................................................................... 49

A.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................ 49

A.2 Design of door buttons ................................................................................................................................ 49

A.3 Labels on or near door buttons ............................................................................................................... 50

A.4 Recommended emergency egress device ............................................................................................ 52

A.5 Sample of labels ............................................................................................................................................. 52

Annex B (normative) Water test procedure ...................................................................................................... 53

B.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................ 53

B.2 Test arrangement ......................................................................................................................................... 53

B.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 54

B.4 Test decision ................................................................................................................................................... 55

Annex C (normative) Specification and testing of the pressure tightness of door ............................... 57

C.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................ 57

C.2 Calculation – Flowchart .............................................................................................................................. 57

C.3 Example of pressure tightness requirement specification ............................................................ 57

C.4 Pressure tightness testing ......................................................................................................................... 58

C.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 58

C.4.2 Variable pressure measurement method ............................................................................................ 58

C.4.3 Variant: Constant pressure method of measurement ..................................................................... 60

Annex D (normative) Requirements for measuring the closing forces of power-operated

doors.................................................................................................................................................................. 62

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 62

D.2 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................. 62

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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)

D.3 Measurements ............................................................................................................................................... 63

D.3.1 Conditions of measurement ..................................................................................................................... 63

D.3.2 Measurement points ................................................................................................................................... 63

D.3.3 Measuring method ....................................................................................................................................... 63

Annex E (normative) Test plan ............................................................................................................................... 65

Annex F (normative) Load requirements for doors due to aerodynamic loads on passenger

trains ................................................................................................................................................................. 67

Annex G (informative) Clauses in this European Standard requiring clarification in the

technical specification ................................................................................................................................ 68

Annex H (normative) RIC-KEY ................................................................................................................................ 70

Annex I (informative) Calculation of kinetic energy ...................................................................................... 71

Annex J (informative) Non-contact obstacle detection .................................................................................. 77

J.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 77

J.2 Light barrier ................................................................................................................................................... 77

J.3 Step sensors for external steps ............................................................................................................... 77

J.4 Area monitoring systems .......................................................................................................................... 77

J.4.1 Arrangement of area monitoring system ............................................................................................ 77

J.4.2 Testing of area monitoring system ........................................................................................................ 80

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2016/797 aimed to be covered ................................................... 82

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 84

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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 14752:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 14752:2015.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2016/797.

For relationship with EU Directive 2016/797, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 14752:2019 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 14752:2015:

Subclause/paragraph/ Change
table/figure
General Figures renumbered due to adding a figure to 4.1.6
Clause 2 Normative References Some references updated and dated
3.2 Bridging plate Reference to PRM standard
3.12 First step Reference to PRM standard
3.19 Palm operated Reference to PRM standard
3.25 Slip resistant Reference to PRM standard
3.27 Technical Specification Reworded
4.1.1.1 Minimum width Reference to manual or semi-automatic ramps added
4.1.5 Train surfing Reference to crew access needs added
4.1.6 Door windows Details for step downwards added, Fig. enhanced
4.2.1.5 Vibration and shock Design and testing separated
4.2.2 Step mechanical strength Fig. improved
5.1.6.1 Door out of service Operation from inside no more mandatory, defined in
specification

5.2.1.3.1 Closing and opening signal - general Amended to read: …under the supervision of the train

crew or in the case of:
5.2.1.3.2.3 Release/Opening door signal Reference to obsolete TSI RST deleted
5.2.1.3.3.1 General Provisions for LED strps added
5.2.1.3.3.2 Visual signal Duration becomes mandatory (…shall…)
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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)
5.2.1.3.4 Visual signals of door buttons Moved from 4.3.1.7.1 in former edition
5.2.1.4.1 Sensitivity of obstacle detection Mode of inserting test bar modified
5.2.1.4.3 Obstacle removal force Mode of inserting test bar modified
5.2.1.4.2.2 Closing force Reference to “traffic regularity” added, peak force
definition modified, see also Annex D
5.2.1.5 Anti drag Figure 16, Diameter corrected to 20 mm
Table 1 test 2 dynamic –pulling from outside added

5.2.2.2 Stepand traction interlock system In case of no interlock need for gauge infringement

definition added
5.3.2 Limitationof opening Disabling of opening in case of central closing added

5.5.1.8 Protection against accidential Signal to train system after first action added

operation
6.2 Type tests Additional test at a cant of 3°
B.2 and B.3 Watertesting Testing arrangement and procedure amended
D.2.4 Force graph and D.3.3 Measuring Method Peak force definition amended
D.3.1 Condition of measurement Reference to non contact detection added
D.3.3 Measuring Method Reference to further attempts added
Annex F Load requirements Order and wording changed due to TSi requirements
Annex K Migration Rule Deleted
Annex ZA Relationship with TSI Updated
Bibliography Some references updated

NOTE The technical changes referred to include the significant technical changes from the EN revised but are

not an exhaustive list of all modifications from the previous edition.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)
Introduction

This document specifies the minimum requirements for construction and operation of railway

passenger access systems to ensure:

— safe access and egress from passenger trains through body side doors and steps;

— usability for persons with reduced mobility;
— a minimum risk of injury to persons as a result of door and step operation;

— that the doors and moveable steps, ramps, bridging plates remain closed when the vehicle is in

motion; and
— safe maintenance of the entrance systems.
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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document applies to passenger body side entrance systems of all newly designed railway vehicles

such as tram, metro, suburban, mainline and high-speed trains that carry passengers. The requirements

of this document also apply to existing vehicles undergoing refurbishment of the door equipment, as far

as it is reasonably practicable.
This document also specifies the requirements for testing of entrance systems.

This document makes reference to manual and power operated entrance systems. For manual doors,

clauses referring to power operation are not applicable.
This document does not apply to the following:

— entrance systems for equipment access, inspection or maintenance purposes and for crew only use;

— doors on freight wagons; and
— doors or hatches specifically provided for escape under emergency conditions.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12663-1:2010+A1:2014, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies —

Part 1: Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons)

EN 13032-1:2004+A1:2012, Light and lighting — Measurement and presentation of photometric data of

lamps and luminaires — Part 1: Measurement and file format

EN 13272:2012, Railway applications — Electrical lighting for rolling stock in public transport systems

EN 14067 (all parts), Railway applications — Aerodynamics

EN 16116-1:2013, Railway applications — Design requirements for steps, handrails and associated access

for staff — Part 1: Passenger vehicles, luggage vans and locomotives

EN 45545-2:2013+A1:2015, Railway applications — Fire protection on railway vehicles — Part 2:

Requirements for fire behaviour of materials and components

EN 50121-3-2:2016, Railway applications — Electromagnetic compatibility — Part 3-2: Rolling stock —

Apparatus

EN 50125-1:2014, Railway applications — Environmental conditions for equipment — Part 1: Rolling

stock and on-board equipment

EN 50126 (all parts), Railway applications — The specification and demonstration of Reliability,

Availability, Maintainability and Safety (RAMS)

EN 50153:2014, Railway applications — Rolling stock — Protective provisions relating to electrical

hazards
EN 50155:2017, Railway applications — Rolling stock — Electronic equipment
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SIST EN 14752:2020
EN 14752:2019 (E)

EN 50215:2009, Railway applications — Rolling stock — Testing of rolling stock on completion of

construction and before entry into service

EN 50657:2017, Railways Applications — Rolling stock applications — Software on Board Rolling Stock

EN 60077-1:2002, Railway applications — Electric equipment for rolling stock — Part 1: General service

conditions and general rules (IEC 60077-1:1999, modified)

EN 61373:2010, Railway applications — Rolling stock equipment — Shock and vibration tests

(IEC 61373:2010)
EN ISO 4762:2004, Hexagon socket head cap screws (ISO 4762:2004)

EN ISO 10140-2:2010, Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements —

Part 2: Measurement of airborne sound insulation (ISO 10140-2:2010)

EN ISO 12567-1:2010, Thermal performance of windows and doors — Determination of thermal

transmittance by the hot-box method — Part 1: Complete windows and doors (ISO 12567-1:2010)

DIN 5032-7:2017, Photometry — Part 7: Classification of illuminance meters and luminance meters

DIN 7340:2011, Tubular rivets cut from the tube
UIC 566:1990, Loadings of coach bodies and their components

UIC 660:2002, Measures to ensure the technical compatibility of high-speed trains

...

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