Geosynthetic barriers - Characteristics required for use in the construction of liquid waste disposal sites, transfer stations or secondary containment

This European Standard specifies the characteristics of geosynthetic barriers, including polymeric geosynthetic barriers, clay geosynthetic barriers and bituminous geosynthetic barriers, when used as fluid barriers and separation layer in the construction of liquid waste disposal sites, and in the construction of transfer stations or secondary containment for the storage of liquid waste on a waste disposal site only and the appropriate test methods to determine these characteristics.
The intended use of these products is to control the leakage of fluids through the construction.
This European Standard is not applicable to geotextiles or geotextile-related products as defined in EN ISO 10318-1.
This European Standard provides for the assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of the product to this European Standard including factory production control procedures.
This European Standard defines characteristics to be considered with regard to the presentation of performance.
NOTE   Where potable water is or can be in direct contact with the product, other relevant standards, requirements and/or regulations can be considered for the design.

Geosynthetische Dichtungsbahnen - Eigenschaften, die für die Anwendung beim Bau von Deponien, Zwischenlagern oder Auffangbecken für flüssige Abfallstoffe erforderlich sind

Dieses Dokument legt die Eigenschaften von geosynthetischen Dichtungsbahnen, einschließlich geosynthetische Kunststoff-, Ton- und Bitumendichtungsbahnen, die als Abdichtung und Trennschicht beim Bau von Deponien für flüssige Abfallstoffe, beim Bau von Zwischenlagern oder Auffangbecken zur (ausschließlichen) Aufbewahrung von flüssigen Abfallstoffen in Deponien für flüssige Abfallstoffe verwendet werden, sowie die geeigneten Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung dieser Eigenschaften fest.
Die bestimmungsgemäße Anwendung dieser Produkte ist das Durchsickern von Flüssigkeiten durch das Bauwerk zu kontrollieren.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht anwendbar auf Geotextilien oder geotextilverwandte Produkte im Sinne der Definition von EN ISO 10318 1.
Dieses Dokument behandelt die Bewertung und Überprüfung der Leistungsbeständigkeit (AVCP) des Produkts nach dieser Europäischen Norm, einschließlich der Verfahren für die werkseigene Produktions-kontrolle.
Dieses Dokument legt Eigenschaften fest, die in Bezug auf die Darstellung der Leistung berücksichtigt werden müssen.
ANMERKUNG   Wo Trinkwasser in direkten Kontakt mit dem Produkt kommt oder kommen kann, können andere einschlägige Normen, Anforderungen und/oder Bestimmungen bei der Planung berücksichtigt werden.

Géomembranes, gésosynthétiques bentonitiques - Caractéristiques requises pour l'utilisation dans la construction des sites d'évacuation de résidus liquides, des stations de transfert ou enceintes de confinement secondaires

Cette norme Européenne spécifie les caractéristiques applicables aux géosynthétiques d'étanchéité incluant les géomembranes polymériques, les géosynthétiques bentonitiques et les géomembranes bitumineuses utilisés comme barrière aux fluides dans la construction des sites d’évacuation de résidus liquides, de station de transfert ou d’enceintes de confinement secondaire, ainsi que les méthodes d'essai appropriées pour déterminer ces caractéristiques.
Ces produits sont destinés à contrôler les fuites de fluides à travers la construction.
Cette norme Européenne ne s'applique pas aux géotextiles ou produits apparentés, tels que définis dans l'EN ISO 10318-1.
Cette norme Européenne permet d'évaluer et de vérifier la constance des performances (AVCP) du produit à la présente Norme européenne et les procédures de contrôle de la production en usine.
Cette norme Européenne établit les caractéristiques à considérer au regard des performances à vérifier.
NOTE   Si de l'eau potable est ou peut être en contact direct avec le produit, il convient que le concepteur se réfère également aux normes, exigences et/ou règlements applicables.

Geosintetične zapore - Zahtevane lastnosti za uporabo pri konstrukciji odlagališč za tekoče odpadke, prenosnih postaj in drugih zabojnikov

Ta evropski standard določa ustrezne lastnosti geosintetičnih zapor, vključno s polimernimi, opečnati in bitumenskimi geosintetičnimi zaporami, če se uporabljajo za zaščito pred tekočinami pri konstrukciji odlagališč za tekoče odpadke, prenosnih postaj in drugih zabojnikov za skladiščenje tekočih odpadkov le na odlagališču za odpadke, ter ustrezne preskusne metode za določanje teh lastnosti. Ti proizvodi se predvidoma uporabljajo za nadzor uhajanja tekočin skozi konstrukcijo. Ta dokument se ne uporablja za geotekstilije ali sorodne izdelke. Ta dokument omogoča vrednotenje skladnosti proizvoda s tem dokumentom. Ta dokument določa zahteve, ki jih morajo izpolniti proizvajalci in distributerji glede predstavitve lastnosti proizvoda.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Mar-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
28-Mar-2018
Completion Date
28-Mar-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Geosynthetische Dichtungsbahnen - Eigenschaften, die für die Anwendung beim Bau von Deponien, Zwischenlagern oder

Auffangbecken für flüssige Abfallstoffe erforderlich sindBarrières géosynthétiques - Caractéristiques requises pour l'utilisation dans la construction des sites d'évacuation de résidus liquides, des stations de transfert ou enceintes de confinement secondaireGeosynthetic barriers - Characteristics required for use in the construction of liquid waste disposal sites, transfer stations or secondary containment59.080.70GeotekstilijeGeotextiles13.030.40Naprave in oprema za odstranjevanje in obdelavo odpadkovInstallations and equipment for waste disposal and treatmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13492:2018SIST EN 13492:2018en,fr,de01-junij-2018SIST EN 13492:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13492:20131DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13492:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13492
March
t r s z ICS
w {ä r z rä y râ
{ sä s r rä w r Supersedes EN
s u v { tã t r s uEnglish Version

Geosynthetic barriers æ Characteristics required for use in the construction of liquid waste disposal sitesá transfer stations or secondary containment Géomembranesá gésosynthétiques bentonitiques æ Caractéristiques requises pour l 5utilisation dans la construction des sites d 5évacuation de résidus liquidesá des stations de transfert ou enceintes de confinement secondaires

Geosynthetische Dichtungsbahnen æ Eigenschaftená die für die Anwendung beim Bau von Deponiená Zwischenlagern oder Auffangbecken für flüssige Abfallstoffe erforderlich sind This European Standard was approved by CEN on

w November
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s u v { tã t r s z ESIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................. 10 3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10 3.2 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................ 12 4 Characteristics and corresponding methods of test ........................................................................ 13 4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 4.2 Types of applications .................................................................................................................................. 13 4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 4.2.2 Application 1: “Base and side barrier” ................................................................................................. 13 4.2.3 Application 2: “Cover barrier” ................................................................................................................. 13 4.2.4 Application 3: “secondary containment of liquid waste”............................................................... 14 4.3 Relevant characteristics ............................................................................................................................ 14 4.4 Characteristics relevant to specific conditions of use .................................................................... 21 4.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 4.4.2 Gas permeability .......................................................................................................................................... 21 4.4.3 Burst strength and elongation ................................................................................................................. 21 4.4.4 Tear strength ................................................................................................................................................. 21 4.4.5 Friction characteristics (direct shear and inclined plane tests) ................................................. 21 4.4.6 Low temperature behaviour .................................................................................................................... 21 4.4.7 Weathering ..................................................................................................................................................... 22 4.4.8 Resistance to wetting and drying ........................................................................................................... 22 4.4.9 Freeze–thaw cycle resistance .................................................................................................................. 22 4.4.10 Resistance to root penetration ................................................................................................................ 22 4.5 Release of dangerous substances ........................................................................................................... 22 5 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) ........................................... 22 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22 5.2 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 23 5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23 5.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria .................................................................................. 24 5.2.3 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 24 5.2.4 Shared other party results ........................................................................................................................ 24 5.2.5 Cascading determination of the product type results .................................................................... 25 5.3 Factory production control (FPC) .......................................................................................................... 26 5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26 5.3.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 26 5.3.3 Product specific requirements ................................................................................................................ 32 5.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and of FPC ................................................................................................ 32 5.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ............................................................................................................... 33 SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 3 5.3.6 Procedure for modifications ..................................................................................................................... 33 5.3.7 One-off products, pre-production products (e.g. prototypes) and products produced in very low quantity ..................................................................................................................................... 33 Annex A (normative)

Durability of geosynthetic barriers .......................................................................... 35 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35 A.1.1 Service Life ...................................................................................................................................................... 35 A.1.2 Type testing of durability .......................................................................................................................... 35 A.1.3 Mechanisms of degradation ...................................................................................................................... 36 A.1.4 Use of rework material ............................................................................................................................... 36 A.1.5 Recycled materials ....................................................................................................................................... 36 A.2 Weathering ..................................................................................................................................................... 36 A.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36 A.2.2 Direct tests and accelerated tests ........................................................................................................... 37 A.2.3 Period of exposure ....................................................................................................................................... 37 A.3 Products used with a service life up to 5 years .................................................................................. 38 A.4 Other applications and service life of 25 and 50 years ................................................................... 38 A.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 A.4.2 Tests for PE type of GBR-P ......................................................................................................................... 39 A.4.3 Tests for FPO-type of GBR-P ...................................................................................................................... 40 A.4.4 Tests for EPDM type of GBR-P .................................................................................................................. 41 A.4.5 Tests for GBR-P made of PVC-P ................................................................................................................ 41 A.4.6 Tests for clay geosynthetic barriers (GBR-C) ..................................................................................... 42 A.5 Durability tests on GBR-P .......................................................................................................................... 44 A.5.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 44 A.5.2 Microbiological resistance ........................................................................................................................ 44 A.5.3 Resistance to environmental stress cracking ..................................................................................... 45 A.5.4 Resistance to leaching ................................................................................................................................. 46 A.5.5 Resistance to oxidation/thermal ageing .............................................................................................. 48 A.6 Evaluation tests on GBR-P and GBR-C ................................................................................................... 50 A.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50 A.6.2 Evaluation by comparison of tensile properties ............................................................................... 50 A.6.3 Evaluation by comparison of oxidative induction time (OIT) values ........................................ 51 A.6.4 Evaluation by change in mass .................................................................................................................. 51 A.6.5 Evaluation by change in water permeability ...................................................................................... 51 A.7 Durability tests on GBR-B .......................................................................................................................... 51 A.7.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 51 A.7.2 Microbiological resistance ........................................................................................................................ 52 A.7.3 Resistance to environmental stress cracking ..................................................................................... 52 A.7.4 Resistance to leaching ................................................................................................................................. 53 A.7.5 Resistance to oxidation/thermal ageing .............................................................................................. 54 A.7.6 Weathering resistance ................................................................................................................................ 54 A.8 Evaluation tests on GBR-B ......................................................................................................................... 55 A.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 55 A.8.2 Evaluation by comparison of tensile properties ............................................................................... 55 A.8.3 Evaluation by change in mass .................................................................................................................. 55 A.8.4 Evaluation of water permeability ........................................................................................................... 55 A.8.5 Evaluation of flow resistance at elevated temperature .................................................................. 56 A.8.6 Evaluation of flexibility at low temperature ....................................................................................... 56 A.8.7 Evaluation of ring and ball softening point temperature .............................................................. 56 SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 4 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU) No. 305/2011 ................................................................................................................................................. 57 ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ........................................................................................................ 57 ZA.2 System of Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP) ...................... 59 ZA.3 Assignment of AVCP tasks ......................................................................................................................... 59 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 61

SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 13492:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 189 “Geosynthetics”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13492:2013. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. For relationship with Regulation (EU) No. 305/2011, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:

the list of normative references has been updated;
in 3.1 three terms have been added;
in 3.2 list of abbreviations has been updated;

in 4.3, Table 1, has been modified to comply with the modified mandate M/386 (inclusion of elongation in separation and filtration functions) and has been technically revised, all H-coded characteristics have been replaced by “A”;

figures and keys have been revised;

Clause 5 “Evaluation of conformity” has been superseded by new Clause 5 “Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP)”

Annex A “Factory production control – Factory production control scheme” has been deleted;

former Annex B “Durability” becomes Annex A, which has been totally revised;

Annex ZA has been updated according to new template to fulfil requirements of CPR, also examples for CE-marking have been deleted. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 6 Introduction This European Standard allows manufacturers to describe geosynthetic barriers on the basis of declared values for characteristics relevant to the intended use and if tested to the specified method. It also includes procedures for assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) including the factory production control. This document can also be used by designers, end-users and other interested parties as a tool to define relevant and appropriate characteristics for specifications. Tests for some non-mandated characteristics are still under study and will be included when the standard is revised. The term “product” used in this document refers to a geosynthetic barrier, including polymeric geosynthetic barriers, clay geosynthetic barriers and bituminous geosynthetic barriers. This document is part of a group of standards, addressing the requirements for geosynthetic barriers when used in a specific application. Particular application cases can contain requirements about additional properties and – preferably standardized – test methods, if they are technically relevant and not conflicting with European Standards. The design life of the product should be determined, since its function can be temporary, as construction expediency, or permanent, for the lifetime of the structure. SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the characteristics of geosynthetic barriers, including polymeric geosynthetic barriers, clay geosynthetic barriers and bituminous geosynthetic barriers, when used as fluid barriers and separation layer in the construction of liquid waste disposal sites, and in the construction of transfer stations or secondary containment for the storage of liquid waste on a waste disposal site only and the appropriate test methods to determine these characteristics. The intended use of these products is to control the leakage of fluids through the construction. This European Standard is not applicable to geotextiles or geotextile-related products as defined in EN ISO 10318-1. This European Standard provides for the assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of the product to this European Standard including factory production control procedures. This European Standard defines characteristics to be considered with regard to the presentation of performance. NOTE Where potable water is or can be in direct contact with the product, other relevant standards, requirements and/or regulations can be considered for the design. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 495-5:2013, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Determination of foldability at low temperature — Part 5: Plastic and rubber sheets for roof waterproofing EN 1109:2013, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of flexibility at low temperature EN 1110:2010, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of flow resistance at elevated temperature EN 1296:2000, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Bitumen, plastic and rubber sheets for roofing — Method of artificial ageing by long term exposure to elevated temperature EN 1427:2015, Bitumen and bituminous binders — Determination of the softening point — Ring and Ball method EN 1844:2013, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Determination of resistance to ozone — Plastic and rubber sheets for roof waterproofing EN 1849-1:1999, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Determination of thickness and mass per unit area — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing EN 1849-2:2009, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Determination of thickness and mass per unit area — Part 2: Plastic and rubber sheets EN 12224:2000, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Determination of the resistance to weathering SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 8 EN 12225:2000, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Method for determining the microbiological resistance by a soil burial test EN 12226:2012, Geosynthetics — General tests for evaluation following durability testing EN 12310-1:1999, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for waterproofing — Determination of resistance to tearing (nail shank) EN 12311-1:1999, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Part 1: Bitumen sheets for roof waterproofing — Determination of tensile properties EN 12311-2:2013, Flexible sheets for waterproofing — Determination of tensile properties — Part 2: Plastic and rubber sheets for roof waterproofing EN 12447:2001, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Screening test method for determining the resistance to hydrolysis in water EN 13249:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in the construction of roads and other trafficked areas (excluding railways and asphalt inclusion) EN 13250:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in the construction of railways EN 13251:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in earthworks, foundations and retaining structures EN 13252:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in drainage systems EN 13253:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in erosion control works (coastal protection, bank revetments) EN 13254:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for the use in the construction of reservoirs and dams EN 13255:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in the construction of canals EN 13256:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in the construction of tunnels and underground structures EN 13257:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in solid waste disposals EN 13265:2016, Geotextiles and geotextile-related products — Characteristics required for use in liquid waste containment projects EN 14150:2006, Geosynthetic barriers — Determination of permeability to liquids EN 14151:2010, Geosynthetics — Determination of burst strength EN 14196:2016, Geosynthetics — Test methods for measuring mass per unit area of clay geosynthetic barriers SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 9 EN 14414:2004, Geosynthetics — Screening test method for determining chemical resistance for landfill applications EN 14415:2004, Geosynthetic barriers — Test method for determining the resistance to leaching CEN/TS 14416:2014, Geosynthetic barriers — Test method for determining the resistance to roots CEN/TS 14418:2014, Geosynthetic Barriers — Test method for the determination of the influence of freezing-thawing cycles on the permeability of clay geosynthetic barriers EN 14575:2005, Geosynthetic barriers — Screening test method for determining the resistance to oxidation EN 14576:2005, Geosynthetics — Test method for determining the resistance of polymeric geosynthetic barriers to environmental stress cracking EN 16416:2013, Geosynthetic clay barriers — Determination of water flux index — Flexible wall permeameter method at constant head EN ISO 527-1:2012, Plastics — Determination of tensile properties — Part 1: General principles (ISO 527-1:2012) EN ISO 527-3:1995, Plastics — Determination of tensile properties — Part 3: Test conditions for films and sheets (ISO 527-3:1995) EN ISO 527-4:1997, Plastics — Determination of tensile properties — Part 4: Test conditions for isotropic and orthotopic fibre-reinforced plastic composites (ISO 527-4:1997) EN ISO 1133-1:2011, Plastics — Determination of the melt mass-flow rate (MFR) and melt volume-flow rate (MVR) of thermoplastics — Part 1: Standard method (ISO 1133-1:2011) EN ISO 1183-1:2012, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics — Part 1: Immersion method, liquid pyknometer method and titration method (ISO 1183-1:2012) EN ISO 1183-2:2004, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics — Part 2: Density gradient column method (ISO 1183-2:2004) EN ISO 1183-3:1999, Plastics — Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics — Part 3: Gas pyknometer method (ISO 1183-3:1999) EN ISO 3696:1995, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696:1987) EN ISO 9863-1:2016, Geosynthetics — Determination of thickness at specified pressures — Part 1: Single layers (ISO 9863-1:2016) EN ISO 9864:2005, Geosynthetics — Test method for the determination of mass per unit area of geotextiles and geotextile-related products (ISO 9864:2005) EN ISO 10318-1:2015, Geosynthetics — Part 1: Terms and definitions (ISO 10318-1:2015) EN ISO 10319:2015, Geosynthetics — Wide-width tensile test (ISO 10319:2015) EN ISO 10773:2011, Clay geosynthetic barriers — Determination of permeability to gases (ISO 10773:2011) SIST EN 13492:2018

EN 13492:2018 (E) 10 EN ISO 11357-6:2013, Plastics — Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) — Part 6: Determination of oxidation induction time (isothermal OIT) and oxidation induction temperature (dynamic OIT) (ISO 11357-6:2008) EN ISO 12236:2006, Geosynthetics — Static puncture test (CBR test) (ISO 12236:2006) EN ISO 12957-1:2005, Geosynthetics — Determination of friction characteristics — Part 1: Direct shear test (ISO 12957-1:2005) EN ISO 12957-2:2005, Geosynthetics — Determination of friction characteristics — Part 2: Inclined plane test (ISO 12957-2:2005) EN ISO 13438:2004, Geotextiles and geotextile-relate

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