Agricultural machinery - Rough-terrain Work Platforms for Orchard’s operations (WPO) - Safety

1.1   This European Standard, when used together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, specifies safety requirements and measures for self-propelled rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO) operating at a maximum of 3 m high as defined in 3.1, where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines, used in agriculture, designed to work on unimproved natural terrain and/or disturbed terrain and intended to move at least two persons to working positions in an orchard where they are carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to orchard from the work platform.
NOTE   For examples of rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO), see Figures E. 1 to E.3.
This European Standard describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use of these machines in the course of normal operation and service, except hazards related to conveyor belts and elevators for the bin. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices (including residual risks) to be provided by the manufacturer.
When requirements of this document are different from those which are stated in EN ISO 4254 1, the requirements of this document take precedence over the requirements of EN ISO 4254 1 for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this document.
This European Standard, taken together with EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811, deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (as listed in Table 1) relevant to WPOs, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
c)   environmental aspects;
d)   road safety.
1.2   This European Standard does not apply to:
a)   Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) (see EN 280);
NOTE 1   Figure E.4 gives an example of this type of machine.
b)   boom-type MEWPs (see EN 280);
NOTE 2   Figure E.5 and E.6 give examples of this type of machine.
c)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
d)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
e)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1);
f)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
g)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2);
h)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
i)    machines having centre of the area of the platform outside the tipping lines.
NOTE 3   Figure E.7 gives an example of this type of machine.

Landmaschinen - Geländearbeitsbühnen für Obstplantagearbeiten (WPO) - Sicherheit

1.1   Diese Europäische Norm legt, wenn sie zusammen mit EN ISO 4254-1 und EN 15811 verwendet wird, Sicherheitsanforderungen und Sicherheitsmaßnahmen für alle Arten und Größen von selbstfahrenden Geländearbeitsbühnen für Obstplantagearbeiten (WPO), wie in 3.1 definiert, fest, die in der Landwirtschaft verwendet werden, die für die Arbeit auf naturbelassenem gewachsenem und/oder aufgewühltem Gelände konstruiert sind und die dafür vorgesehen sind, mindestens zwei Personen zu Arbeitspositionen in einer Obstplantage zu bewegen, in denen sie Fruchtpflücke-, Plenter-, Beschneide-Arbeiten oder andere Arbeiten der Obstplantagenpflege von der Arbeitsbühne aus ausführen, bei denen vorgesehen ist, dass Personen die Arbeitsbühne nur in Grundstellungen auf Bodenebene oder auf dem Fahrgestell betreten und verlassen.
Sie beschreibt Verfahren zur Beseitigung oder Reduzierung von Gefährdungen, die durch die vorgesehene Verwendung dieser Maschinen durch mindestens zwei Personen (Bediener) im Verlauf von normalem Betrieb und Wartung entstehen, ausgenommen Gefährdungen in Bezug auf Förderbänder und Gabelzinken. Außerdem legt sie die Art der Informationen über sicheres Arbeiten fest (einschließlich Restrisiken), die vom Hersteller zur Verfügung zu stellen sind.
Unterscheiden sich Anforderungen aus diesem Dokument von denen, die in EN ISO 4254-1 angegeben sind, haben die Anforderungen dieses Dokumentes, für Maschinen, die nach den Festlegungen aus diesem Dokument ausgelegt und gebaut worden sind, Vorrang vor den Anforderungen von EN ISO 4254-1.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt, zusammen mit EN 4254-1 und EN 15811, alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse (wie in Tabelle 1 aufgelistet) zu WPOs, wenn diese wie vorgesehen verwendet werden und unter Bedingungen von Fehlanwendung, die vom Hersteller vorhersehbar sind.
Sie deckt nicht die Gefährdungen ab, die entstehen durch:
a)   die Verwendung in potentiell explosiven Atmosphären;
b)   Aufsteigen auf und Absteigen von der Arbeitsbühne bei sich ändernden Höhen.
1.2   Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
a)   fahrbare Hubarbeitsbühnen (MEWPs) (siehe EN 280);
ANMERKUNG 1   Bild D.4 zeigt ein Beispiel für diesen Maschinentyp.
b)   Ausleger-MEWPs (siehe EN 280);
ANMERKUNG 2   Bilder D.5 und D.6 zeigt Beispiele für diesen Maschinentyp.
c)   Hubladebühnen (siehe EN 1756-1 und EN 1756-2);
d)   mastgeführte Kletterbühnen (siehe EN 1495);
e)   Hubtische (siehe EN 1570);
f)   Luftfahrt-Bodengeräte (siehe z. B. EN 1915-1 und EN 1915-2);
g)   hebbare Fahrerplätze auf Flurförderzeugen (siehe EN 1726-2);
h)   ungeführter Arbeitskorb, aufgehängt an Hebezeug (siehe z. B. EN 1808).

Matériel agricole - Plateformes élévatrices tout terrain pour arboriculture (PEMPA) - Sécurité

1.1   La présente Norme européenne, utilisée conjointement avec l'EN ISO 4254 1 et l'EN 15811, spécifie des prescriptions et mesures techniques de sécurité pour plates-formes élévatrices tout terrain automotrices pour arboriculture (PEMPA) opérant à une hauteur maximale de 3 m telles que définies en 3.1, dont la projection verticale du centre de la surface de la plate-forme se trouve toujours à l'intérieur des lignes de renversement, dans toutes les configurations de la plate-forme et à l'inclinaison maximale du châssis spécifiée par le fabricant, utilisées en agriculture, conçues pour le travail sur un terrain naturel non aménagé et/ou terrain non nivelé, et destinées à déplacer au minimum deux personnes dans un verger vers des positions de travail où les travaux de récolte, d'éclaircissage, d'élagage ou d'autres opérations en rapport avec l'entretien du verger depuis la plate-forme élévatrice sont réalisés.
NOTE   Pour des exemples de plates-formes élévatrices tout terrain pour arboriculture (PEMPA), voir les Figures E.1 à E.3.
La présente Norme européenne décrit les méthodes permettant de réduire ou d’éliminer les phénomènes dangereux liés à l'utilisation prévue de ces machines dans des conditions normales de fonctionnement et de service, à l'exception des phénomènes dangereux liés aux bandes transporteuses et aux appareils de levage pour le palox. En outre, elle spécifie le type d'informations que le fabricant doit donner sur les pratiques d'utilisation sûre (y compris les risques résiduels).
Lorsque des exigences du présent document diffèrent de celles indiquées dans l'EN ISO 4254 1, les exigences du présent document prévalent sur celles de l'EN ISO 4254 1, et ce pour les machines conçues et fabriquées conformément aux exigences du présent document.
La présente Norme européenne, utilisée conjointement avec l'EN ISO 4254 1 et l'EN 15811, traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs (tels qu'énumérés au Tableau 1), relatifs aux plates-formes élévatrices tout terrain pour arboriculture (PEMPA) lorsqu'elles sont utilisées normalement et dans les conditions de mauvais usage prévisible par le fabricant.
Elle ne couvre pas les phénomènes dangereux résultant :
a)   de l'utilisation dans des atmosphères explosibles ;
b)      de niveaux différents d'accès et de sortie de la plate-forme ;
c)   d'aspects liés à l'environnement ;
d)   de la sécurité routière.
1.2   La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas :
a)   aux plates-formes élévatrices mobiles de personnel (PEMP) (voir l'EN 280) ;
NOTE 1   La Figure E.4 présente un exemple de ce type de machine.
b)   aux PEMP de type à rampes (voir l'EN 280) ;
NOTE 2   Les Figure E.5 et E.6 présentent un exemple de ce type de machine.
c)   aux hayons élévateurs (voir l'EN 1756-1 et l'EN 1756-2) ;
d)   aux plates-formes de travail se déplaçant le long de mâts (voir l'EN 1495) ;
e)   aux tables élévatrices (voir l'EN 1570-1) ;
f)   au matériel au sol pour aéronefs (voir par exemple l'EN 1915-1 et l'EN 1915-2) ;
g)   aux postes de conduite élevables des chariots de manutention (voir l'EN ISO 3691-3) ;
h)   aux nacelles non guidées, suspendues à des appareils de levage (voir par exemple l'EN 1808) ;
i)   aux machines dont le centre de la surface de la plate-forme se trouve hors des lignes de renversement.
NOTE 3   La Figure E.7 présente un exemple de ce type de machine.

Kmetijski stroji - Grobe terenske delovne platforme za dejavnosti v sadovnjakih (WPO) - Varnost

Ta evropski standard, kadar se uporablja skupaj s standardoma EN ISO 4254 1 in EN 15811, določa varnostne zahteve in ukrepe za vse vrste in velikosti samognanih grobih terenskih delovnih platform za dejavnosti v sadovnjakih (WPO), kot je opredeljeno v točki 3.1, ki se uporabljajo v kmetijstvu, so zasnovane za delo na neizboljšanem naravnem in/ali motenem terenu ter so namenjene premikanju najmanj dveh oseb na delovna mesta v sadovnjaku, kjer izvajajo obiranje sadežev, redčenje sadežev, obrezovanje dreves ali druga opravila, povezana z vzdrževanjem sadovnjaka, na delovni platformi z namenom, da osebe prihajajo na delovno platformo in odhajajo z nje le na dostopnih mestih na nivoju tal ali šasiji.
Opisuje metode za odpravljanje ali zmanjšanje nevarnosti, ki jih z namensko uporabo teh strojev povzročata najmanj dve osebi (upravljavca) med običajnim delovanjem in servisiranjem, razen nevarnosti, povezanih s trakovi tračnih transporterjev in vilicami. Določa tudi vrsto informacij o varnih delovnih praksah (vključno z ostalimi tveganji), ki jih mora zagotoviti proizvajalec.
Ko se zahteve tega dokumenta razlikujejo od zahtev, navedenih v standardu EN ISO 4254 1, imajo zahteve tega dokumenta prednost pred zahtevami standarda EN ISO 4254 1 za stroje, ki so zasnovani in izdelani v skladu z določbami tega dokumenta.
Ta evropski standard skupaj s standardoma EN ISO 4254 1 and EN 15811 obravnava vse večje nevarnosti, nevarne razmere in dogodke (kot je navedeno v preglednici 1), povezane z grobimi terenskimi delovnimi platformami za dejavnosti v sadovnjakih, kadar se te uporabljajo za predviden namen in pod pogoji nepravilne uporabe, ki jih predvidi proizvajalec.
Ne obravnava nevarnosti, ki izhajajo iz:
a) uporabe v potencialno eksplozivnih atmosferah;
b) prihajanja na ploščad in odhajanja z nje z drugih nivojev.
1.2 Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za:
a) premične dvižne delovne ploščadi (MEWP) (glej standard EN 280);
OPOMBA 1: Na sliki D.4 je prikazan primer te vrste stroja.
b) premične dvižne delovne ploščadi z ročico (glej standard EN 280);
OPOMBA 2: Na slikah D.5 in D.6 sta prikazana primera te vrste stroja.
c) dvižne ploščadi (glej standarda EN 1756-1 in EN 1756-2);
d) delovne ploščadi, ki se vzpenjajo ob jamboru (glej standard EN 1495);
e) dvižne mize (glej standard EN 1570);
f) podporno opremo na tleh za letalski promet (glej npr. standarda EN 1915-1 in EN 1915-2);
g) dvižne vozniške prostore na vozilih za talni transport (glej standard EN 1726-2);
h) nevodene delovne košare, ki visijo z dvižnih naprav (glej npr. standard EN 1808).

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
19-Jun-2018
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
20-Oct-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Kmetijski stroji - Grobe terenske delovne platforme za dejavnosti v sadovnjakih (WPO) - VarnostAgricultural machinery - Rough-terrain Work Platforms for Orchard’s operations (WPO) - Safety65.060.99Drugi kmetijski stroji in opremaOther agricultural machines and equipment53.020.99Druga dvigalna opremaOther lifting equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16952:2018SIST EN 16952:2018en,fr,de01-oktober-2018SIST EN 16952:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16952:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16952
June
t r s z ICS
w uä r t rä { {â
x wä r x rä { { English Version

Agricultural machinery æ Roughæterrain Work Platforms Matériel agricole æ Sécurité æ Plateformes élévatrices

Landmaschinen æ Geländearbeitsbühnen für This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s z September
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x { w tã t r s z ESIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8 4 List of hazards ............................................................................................................................................... 11 5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................ 20 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20 5.2 Structural and stability calculations ..................................................................................................... 20 5.3 Chassis .............................................................................................................................................................. 20 5.4 Extending structure ..................................................................................................................................... 23 5.4.1 Methods to avoid overturning and exceeding permissible stresses ......................................... 23 5.4.2 Extending structure extension and retraction .................................................................................. 24 5.4.3 Protection against hazards related to the movements of the extending structure ............. 24 5.4.4 Position retention of the work platform .............................................................................................. 25 5.4.5 Speed for raising and lowering of the work platform ..................................................................... 25 5.5 Extending structure drive systems ........................................................................................................ 25 5.6 Work platform ............................................................................................................................................... 26 5.7 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 28 5.8 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 30 5.9 Hydraulic systems ........................................................................................................................................ 31 5.10 Hydraulic cylinders ..................................................................................................................................... 32 5.10.1 Structural design .......................................................................................................................................... 32 5.10.2 Safety device for load holding cylinders .............................................................................................. 37 5.11 Safety devices ................................................................................................................................................ 38 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures ........................................................... 38 6.1 Examinations and tests .............................................................................................................................. 38 6.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 6.1.2 Design check .................................................................................................................................................. 39 6.1.3 Manufacturing check .................................................................................................................................. 39 6.1.4 Tests .................................................................................................................................................................. 40 6.2 Type tests of WPOs ...................................................................................................................................... 46 6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 46 6.2.2 Tests before placing on the market ....................................................................................................... 46 6.3 Validation of safety functions and performance levels .................................................................. 47 7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 47 7.1 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 47 7.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47 7.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 50 Annex A (normative)

Calculations ...................................................................................................................... 53 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53 A.2 Loads and forces ........................................................................................................................................... 53 SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 3 A.3 Determination of loads and forces ......................................................................................................... 53 A.4 Stability calculations ................................................................................................................................... 57 A.5 Structural calculations ................................................................................................................................ 58 Annex B (normative)

Requirements for protective curtains ..................................................................... 65 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 65 B.2 Tensile resistance test ................................................................................................................................ 65 B.3 Perforation resistance test ........................................................................................................................ 65 B.4 Wear resistance test .................................................................................................................................... 65 Annex C (normative)

Additional requirements for wireless controls and control systems ........... 66 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 66 C.2 Unauthorized use .......................................................................................................................................... 66 C.3 Control limitation ......................................................................................................................................... 66 C.4 Stop .................................................................................................................................................................... 66 C.5 Serial data communication ....................................................................................................................... 67 C.6 Use of more than one operator control station ................................................................................. 67 C.7 Battery-powered operator control stations ....................................................................................... 67 C.8 Receiver ............................................................................................................................................................ 67 C.9 Warnings .......................................................................................................................................................... 67 C.10 Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 67 Annex D (informative)

Calculation examples - factor "z", kerb test ........................................................ 68 Annex E

(informative)

Examples of Machines ................................................................................................ 72 E.1 Examples of Machines covered by the standard................................................................................ 72 E.2 Examples of Machines excluded from the scope of the standard ................................................ 74 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EU aimed to be covered .............................................. 78 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 79

SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 16952:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 144 “Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2018 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 5 Introduction This document is a type-C standard as specified in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document. Significant hazards that are common to all the agricultural machines (self-propelled, mounted, semi-mounted and trailed) are dealt with in EN ISO 4254-1. When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard. This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market players with regard to machinery safety: — machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises); — health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.). Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the above-mentioned stakeholder groups: — machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises); —

machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs); —

service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises); — consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers). The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting process of this document. SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope 1.1 This European Standard, when used together with EN ISO 4254-1 and EN 15811, specifies safety requirements and measures for self-propelled rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO) operating at a maximum of 3 m high as defined in 3.1, where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines, used in agriculture, designed to work on unimproved natural terrain and/or disturbed terrain and intended to move at least two persons to working positions in an orchard where they are carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to orchard from the work platform. NOTE For examples of rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO), see Figures E.1 to E.3. This European Standard describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use of these machines in the course of normal operation and service, except hazards related to conveyor belts and elevators for the bin. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices (including residual risks) to be provided by the manufacturer. When requirements of this document are different from those which are stated in EN ISO 4254-1, the requirements of this document take precedence over the requirements of EN ISO 4254-1 for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this document. This European Standard, taken together with EN ISO 4254-1 and EN 15811, deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (as listed in Table 1) relevant to WPOs, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse foreseeable by the manufacturer. It does not cover the hazards arising from: a) use in potentially explosive atmospheres; b) getting on and off the work platform at changing levels; c) environmental aspects; d) road safety. 1.2 This European Standard does not apply to: a) Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) (see EN 280); NOTE 1 Figure E.4 gives an example of this type of machine. b) boom-type MEWPs (see EN 280); NOTE 2 Figure E.5 and E.6 give examples of this type of machine. c) tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2); d) mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495); e) lifting tables (see EN 1570-1); f) aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2); g) elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN ISO 3691-3); h) unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808); i)

machines having centre of the area of the platform outside the tipping lines. NOTE 3 Figure E.7 gives an example of this type of machine. SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 7 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 349:1993+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body EN 15811:2014, Agricultural machinery - Fixed guards and interlocked guards with or without guard locking for moving transmission parts (ISO/TS 28923:2012, modified) EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2016) EN 60204-32:2008, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 32: Requirements for hoisting machines (IEC 60204-32:2008) EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989) EN ISO 4254-1:2015, Agricultural machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements (ISO 4254-1:2013) EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010) EN ISO 14982:2009, Agricultural and forestry machinery - Electromagnetic compatibility - Test methods and acceptance criteria (ISO 14982:1998) EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015) EN ISO 13849-2:2012, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 2: Validation (ISO 13849-2:2012) EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2015) EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) ISO 525:2013, Bonded abrasive products - General requirements ISO 845:2006, Cellular plastics and rubbers - Determination of apparent density ISO 3864-1:2011, Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Part 1: Design principles for safety signs and safety markings ISO 4302:2016, Cranes - Wind load assessment ISO 4305:2014, Mobile cranes - Determination of stability ISO 16001:2017, Earth-moving machinery - Object detection systems and visibility aids - Performance requirements and tests SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 8 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010, EN ISO 4254-1:2015 and the following apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (WPO) self-propelled machine used in agriculture, designed to work on unimproved natural terrain and/or disturbed terrain, which consists as a minimum of a work platform with controls, an extending structure and a chassis, where the vertical projection of the center of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines, for which travelling is allowed with lowered and with raised work platform and it is controlled from a point of control at the chassis or at the work platform, which is intended to move at least two persons to working positions in an orchard where they are carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to the orchard from the work platform Note 1 to entry:

See Figure 1. 3.2 work platform fenced platform or a cage which can be moved under load to the required working position and from which carrying out fruit picking, thinning out, pruning, or other operations related to orchard’s upkeep can be carried out Note 1 to entry:

See Figure 1. 3.3 platform extension extension part of the work platform which can shift laterally in respect of the direction of motion of the WPO, and which extends the work platform in order to facilitate the approach to the orchard to perform the necessary operations 3.4 extending structure structure which is connected to the chassis and supports the work platform. It allows vertical movement of the work platform to its required position Note 1 to entry:

Example of extending structure: scissors mechanism. Note 2 to entry:

See Figure 1. 3.5 chassis base of the WPO Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1. SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 9 3.6 access position position(s) to provide access to and from the work platform 3.7 transport position position of the elements of the WPO prescribed by the manufacturer in which the WPO is intended to travel without working on the trees and the extensions are retracted 3.8 lowering all operations to move the work platform to a lower level 3.9 raising all operations to move the work platform to a higher level 3.10 self-levelling rough-terrain work platforms for orchard’s operations (self-levelling WPO) WPO which can compensate variation of terrain slope with variation of work platform’s inclination in respect of a longitudinal or transversal axis, or both 3.11 rated load load for which the WPO has been designed for normal operation and which is composed of persons, tools and products acting vertically on the work platform Note 1 to entry: A WPO usually has more than one rated load (e.g. for work platform and platform extensions if any, or for transport and working position). 3.12 load cycle cycle starting from the access position, carrying out work and returning to the access position 3.13 type test test on the representative model of a new design or one incorporating significant changes to an existing design, carried out by or on behalf of the manufacturer or his authorized representative 3.14 load sensing system system of monitoring the vertical load and vertical forces on the work platform Note 1 to entry:

The system includes the measuring device(s), the way the measuring devices are incorporated in the machinery and the signal processing system. 3.15 wireless control means by which the WPO operator’s commands are transmitted without any physical connection for at least part of the distance between the control console and the rest of the control system SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 10 3.16 working space area in which the work platform is designed to work within the specified loads and forces under normal operating conditions Note 1 to entry:

WPO usually have more than one working space. 3.17 elevator for the bin front or rear mounted lifting equipment provided to move the bin from ground to the platform and vice-versa Note 1 to entry:

Fork lift is a possible elevator for the bin.

Key 1 work platform (see 3.2) 2 extending structure (see 3.4) 3 chassis (see 3.5) Figure 1 — Illustration of some definitions 3.18 side limit slope maximum slope in degrees perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the WPO that can be achieved without tipping of the WPO 3.19 longitudinal limit slope maximum slope in degrees with the longitudinal axis of the WPO parallel to the slope that can be achieved without tipping of the WPO SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 11 3.20 maximum lateral operating slope slope 50 (%) of the side limit slope 3.21 maximum longitudinal operating slope slope 50 (%) of the longitudinal limit slope 3.22 maximum operating slope minimum value of the maximum lateral operating slope and the maximum longitudinal operating slope 3.23 automatic mode form of control of the machine which allows travelling in forward direction without continuous action of the operator on a dedicated control 4 List of significant hazards Hazards have been identified by the risk assessment procedure and the corresponding requirements formulated (see Table 1). A hazard which is not considered significant and for which, therefore, no requirements are formulated, is shown in the Corresponding Requirements column as NS (not significant). Table 1 — List of significant hazards No. a Hazard Hazardous situation and event Clause/subclause of

EN ISO 4254-1:2015 Clause/subclause of this Standard A.1 Mechanical hazard A.1.1 Crushing hazard — Controls 4.5.3; 5.1.3.2; 5.1.8; 6.1 5.3.12; 5.4.3.2; 5.6.10; 5.7 — Boarding means 4.7.1.1.2; 4.7.1.2.5; 4.7.2; 4.8 No requirements in addition to those in EN ISO 4254-1:2015 — Platforms 4.7.2 5.4, 5.5, 5.6 — Power transmission 6.4 5.4 — Working tools 4.10 NS —Service/maintenance 4.11; 4.17.1; 4.17.3; 4.9.2; 4.9.3 5.4.4 —Roll-over 5.1.2.3; 5.7 5.2; 5.3; 5.4.1; 5.4.2 —Shearing/pinching points 5.1.4 5.4.3 — Moving the machine 5.2 5.3; — Stability 6.2 5.2; 5.3; 5.4.1, 5.4.2 — Mounting of machines 6.2.2; 6.2.3; 6.3 5.6.11 SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 12 No. a Hazard Hazardous situation and event Clause/subclause of

EN ISO 4254-1:2015 Clause/subclause of this Standard A.1.2 Shearing hazard — Controls 4.5.3; 5.1.3.2; 5.1.8; 6.1 5.4.3.2; 5.7 — Boarding means 4.7.1.1.2; 4.7.1.2.5; 4.7.2; 4.8 No requirements in addition to those in EN ISO 4254-1:2015 — Platforms 4.7.2.2 5.4, 5.5, 5.6 — Power transmission 6.4 5.4 — Working tools 4.10 NS —Service/maintenance 4.11; 4.17.1; 4.17.3; 4.9.2; 4.9.3 5.4.4, —Roll-over 5.1.2.3; 5.7 5.2; 5.3; 5.4.1; 5.4.2 —Shearing/pinching points 5.1.4 5.4.3 — Moving the machine 5.2 5.3 — Stability 6.2 5.2; 5.3; 5.4.1, 5.4.2 — Mounting of machines 6.2.2; 6.2.3; 6.3 5.6.11 A.1.3 Cutting or severing hazard — Working tools 4.9.2; 4.9.3 NS A.1.4 Entanglement hazard — Power transmission 6.4 5.3.9 — Working tools 4.9.2; 4.9.3 NS — Starting/stopping the engine 5.1.8 NS A.1.5 Drawing-in or trapping hazard — Power transmission 6.4 5.4.3; 5.5 — Working tools 4.9.2; 4.9.3 NS — Starting/stopping the engine 5.1.8 NS A.1.6 Impact hazard — Boarding means 4.7.1.2.5 5.1; 5.6.3 — Folding elements 4.9.2; 4.9.3 5.6 — Steering 5.1.3.1 NS A.1.7 Stabbing or puncture hazard — Working tools 4.9.2; 4.9.3 NS A.1.8 Friction or abrasion hazard — Controls 4.5.3; 5.1.3.2 5.7.7 — Electrical equipment 4.12 5.8.4 — Boarding means 4.7.1.1.2 No requirements in addition to those in EN ISO 4254-1:2015 A.1.9 High-pressure fluid injection or ejection hazard — Hydraulic components 4.13; 6.5 5.9; 5.10 SIST EN 16952:2018

EN 16952:2018 (E) 13 No. a Hazard Hazardous situation and event Clause/subclause of

EN ISO 4254-1:2015 Clause/subclause of this Standard A.2 Electrical hazards A.2.1 Contact of persons with live parts (direct contact) — Electrical equipment 4.12; 5.3; 6.5 5.8 A.2.2 Contact of persons with parts which have become live under fault y conditions (indirect contact) — Electrical equipment 4.12.1 5.8 A.2.3 Approach to live parts under high voltage — Overhead power lines 8.2.3; 8.3.4 No requirements in addition to those in EN ISO 4254-1:2015 A.2.4 Thermal radiation or other phenomena such as the projection of molten particles and chemical effects from short circuits, overloads, etc. — Electrical equipment 4.12.2; 5.3.1 5.8 A.2.5 Electromagnetic phenomena — Electrical equipment 4.18 5.8.6 A.3 Thermal hazards

Burns, scalds and other injuries by possible contact of persons with objects or materials with an extreme high or low temperature, by f lames or explosions and also by the radiation of heat sources — Operating fluids

4.15
5.3.10
— Cab material 5.1.6
5.6.2
— H
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